Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, July 17, 1916, Image 1

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iTHIRTY-NINTII YEAR
wm great FORCES
TO liCK RUSSIAN DRIVE
Germans Profoundly Impressed by Apparently Resistless
Russian Advance Assemble Great Army for Defense
of Kovel, Bringing Up Every Available ReserveFall of
This Fortress Would Be Staggering Blow to Teuton
Allies On Western Front Terrific Slaughter Still
1 Goes On
By William Philip Simms
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Petrograd, July 17. Profoundly impressed by the
steady Russian advance, which see-saws first at this
point and then at that, the Germans are massing enorm-j
ous forces before Kovel. They are bringing up every
available reserve in the 'hope of stalling the new Russian
mowing machine.
The present comprehensive calm is deemed here to be
a mere prelude to a resumption of heavy and important
fighting.
The fall of Kovel now would be a staggering blow to
the Central powei's, completely disrupting their plans.
Lemberg would be menaced more than ever, the road to
the great fortress of Brestlitoysk opened, and the rear
of the entire Binsk region threatened, necessitating a
German withdrawal.
The Russians apparently do not lack ammunition.
Printed on the cartridge cases are the phrases:
"Don't spare bullets don't spare courage. There's
enough a-plenty for all."
Cossacks from the Don, Urals, fresh young giants
from Siberia and elsewhere are fighting like game cocks,
striving to ouiao eacn otner
quarrel, with the Germans is
uermans use oi nquia nre ana gas. oonsequeniiy iewer
German prisoners are taken in proportion to the numr
ber of dead on the field. '
Russian officers appear satisfied with the spirit of the
troops which they declare was never higher.
British Still Advance
By tSA I. Keen
(United Press staff correspondent)
London, July 17. British troops
stormed and captured German second
line positions on a front of 1300 'yards
in a continuation of the steady drive
north of the Bomme, Gen. Haig re
ported this afternoon.
The advance was made northwest of
Baxentine-Le Petit n-oods, which is
now in the hands of the British and
pressed the British line forward to
the very edges of the Martinpuich vil
lage, one of the German strongholds,
defending Biipnume.
Kaiser Wilhelm was nt f.ie Somme
front wrren his army retreated under
battering British blows in Saturday's
lighting, It became known today.
An official statement Issued nt Ber
lin confirmed previous reports of the
kaiser's presence on the front of the
great Anglo-French offensive where
he has been visiting his troops and in
spiring them to a more stubborn de
fense. The Berlin statement said that
the kaiser conferred with his chief of
.staff and commanding generals, vis
ited the hospitals and conferred sev
eral iron crosses.
Press dispatches from the British
front today brought new details of the
successful attack on Saturday in which
the woods of Belvllle and Bnzent'm-Le
Petit were captured and the P.ritisn
at one point penetried enemy third
line trenches,
Tiiese dispatches showed that the
British flvance carried forward the
lilies to the outskirts of both the vil
lages of Pozieres and Martinpuich, two
l the most strongly defended German
Lafe Bud eat two dried herrings in
Mtueie visterday r "f ore he knew
n J7. a drv town. If women kin stand
around th' polls all day they kin stand
u in a street car.
in aareaevii -cnarees. mcand-us trackmen, who threaten to
now personal, owing to
positions before Bapaume. The as
sault was begun just before daylight
on a moonlight night. It followed an
artillery attack which, for intensity,
if not duration, exceeded the bombard
ment that marked the Anglo-French
offensive two weeks before. British
guns blotted out enemy works, leaving
only ruined redoubts from behind
which German machine gunners raked
the attackers until blown to pieces by
bombs.
The fighting for Longtieval on Fri
day was a bitter battle from under
ground works and cellars.
"In some of the cellars, the Germans
fought like wolves at bay," wired one
correspondent, "down in the darkness
of these places men fought savagely
seeing only the glint of each other's
eiyes mnd fd'ing for each others
throats unless there were still bombs
haudy to make a quicker ending. It
was primitive warfare, cave men
fought like that in such darkness,
though not with bombs which belong
to our own age."
The German war office admitted that
the British have made further progress
toward the important highway town of
Pozierej, penetrating Ovilliers wood,
southrwest of l'ozieres, where heavy
fighting continues. The Berlin official
! statement reported lively fighting west
of Peronne, the obiectiv'e of the French
armies, though the French war office
Wns gilcnt on the French operations
south of the Somme.
The British left flank near Ovilliers
and I,e Boisselle, made further progress,
capturing the remaining stronghold!
and the "Brave Keinnnnts" of a Ger
man garrison, General Haig reported.
At the same time, the right flauk,
advancing east of Longueval village
capturing the Waterlot farm, further
widening the breach to the German sec
ond tine.
Reports of the new British successes
only slightly ovorshadowed the news of
allied victories on the eastern front.
The German war office this afternoon
officially admitted that General Von
Linsingen right wing in Volhynia had
been compelled to retreat behind the
I.ipa river. The Russian war office re
ported the capture of 1.1.000 prisoners in
yesterday's fighting in Volhynia.
Russians With the French
Paris, July 17. Russian troops in
action on the French Champagne front
counter attacked successful I v last
night, inflicting heavy losses on the
Germans, the war office stnted todav
There has been no important fighting
in the region ot the Snmme.
The French made progress west of
Heurv on the enliin front, captur
ing three machine guns.
in Lorraiut, two German attacks a
gainst a French position southeast of
.Nomeny were repulsed.
British Claim Gains
Berlin, July 17. British troops have
penetrated Orvilliers wood in the re
sumption of the great allied offensive,
(Continued on Page Sevon.)
Fourteen Pages Used
, to Explain Measures
At fifty-five dollars a page the in
dications are that backers of proposed
legislation on which the voters will
pass judgment in November will use
up at least fourteen pages. How much
opponents of the legislation will re
quire remains to be seen.
To date the proponents of the amend
ment providing that beer may be man
ufactured in the state hold the record.
They have absorbed five pages on
which to set forth their argumentns in
the election pamphlet, soon to be issued
by the state secretary. The Pendleton
normal school, or proposed school, will
be extolled in four pages and the re
peal of the Sunday closing law is al
ready advised in a two page brier.
Rural credits, the tax limit amend
ment and the provision to make the
prohibition law more stringent will use
a page each for arguments in their
favor.
SAYS GOVERNMENT
WILL TAKERAILROADS
Department of Labor Official
Says This Will Happen If
Great Strike Conies
St. Louis, Mr., July 17. Declaring
that the United States government
was .better prepared now than ever to
operate the railroads of the country,
J. J. Keegan, of the department of la
bor, predicted today that the govern
ment would take over the roads should
the four great railroad brotherhoods
call a strike of their men.
Keegan said that once the govern
ment took charge of the roads the men
would go to work immediately. He
based this assertion on the fact the
government had long since recognized
the eight hour day, one of the bones of
contention in the present controversy
between men and employers,
Keegan, who is in St. Louis as me
diator between the Missouri Pacific
However he said that, according to his
information, this .step cannot bo a
voided if ' the men leave their posts.
He said he was practically certain
that the four brotherhoods-would vote
to strike.
"But I cannot conceive that either
the railroads or the brotherhoods will
let a break occur," he said. "A com
promise seems more probable. Howev
er should the break occur and nearly
a half million men leave their work,
naralvzing transportation and threat
ening starvation of the nation, the
government would act in executive
hours. I could do nothing else. Every
railroad in the country would be selz
ed and once these roads pass into the
control of the United States they
would never again be returned to pri
vate ownership."
t TOD AY'S BALL SCORES I
American
First gnme R. It. T.
Detroit 0 0 1
Xew York 2 1
Covaleski. Cunningham and McKee;
Sbawky and Nunamnkcr.
Second game R. H. E
Detroit 2 8 0
New York 2 8 0
James and Baker; Love and Walters.
R. H.
E.
St. Louis - " 8
Boston 3
Plunk, Gruom and Hartley; Leonard
and I amgan.
Chicago Philadelphia, postponed;
wet grounds.
Cleveland 7 12
Washington 0 f
Klept'er nnd O'Xcill; Harper and
Ilenrv.
National
B. H.
Boston 8 11
Cincinnati 1 13
F..
Xehf and Trngressor; Knctzer and
Wingo.
Philadelphia-Pittsburg game post
poned; wet grounds.
Brooklyn 2 7 1
Chicago - 1 S J
Dell and McCnrthv; Hcndrix and
Archer.
New York 1 6 !
St. Louis 0 11 1
Tesreau, Russell aud Rariden; Doal
and Gonzales.
ENGLAND SPENDING
30,000,000 DAILY
London, July 17. England's
expenditures have now reached
six million pounds, (about ).'I0,
000,000) daily, Chancellor of the
F.xcheiicr McKeuna informed
the headquarters this afternoon. .
War expenditures for the
United Kingdom have been
steadily increasing. At the be
ginning of the year, it was
stated that England was spend
ing more than 125,000,000 a day.
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY,
DEATH AND WRECK
F
TERRIFIC STORM
?
Rivers Higher Than For a
Hundred Years Sweep
"Bridges Away
FIFTEEN KNOWN DEAD
LIST GROWING RAPIDLY
Railroad Traffic Stopped
Property Damage Will Be
Many Millions
Washington, July 17. The Southern
railroad today practically suspended
traffic south, of Washington. Reports
continued to pour in, telling of dis
aster from floods in North and South
Carolina. A second bridge on the Char
lotte division went out at 3 a. m. Traius
are unable to proceed beyond Salisbury
and no wires are in operation south of
that point, Atlanta being reached by
way of Chicago and New Orleans.
Ten million dollars wortn oi property
destroyed, five persons known dead,
hundreds injured and missing, railroad
traffic and telegraph and telephone de
moralized, is the toll of the flood sweep-
ug the Carolina 8 and Virginias known
to date. Details are drifting in to
Washington over the crippled lines of
communication.
The floods nre the result of the hur
ricane of wind and rain which struck
the south Atlantic coast Thursday, lift
ing rivers and streams far over their
banks. ,
Asheville, the famous, U hard hit. The
French river has broken its course near
there, flooding factories and homes in
the lower part ofr.'JHe. city. Two persos
were drowned attempting to put food
nto the upper story of the uienn nock
hotel. Many are marooned in their resi
dences along the river, while rescuing
parties -fight against rushing streams.
Asheville was without lights last night,
and water is flowing in swift streams
down many of the streets of the lower
The southern railway aepoi anu
buildine in the vioinity are flooded to
a depth of six feet.
Western Aorta Carolina is reported
facing a serious situation.
Lake Toxuway's big dam and two
dams at Hondersonville are reported to
have collapsed, setting free millions
of tons of water.
40 Foot Wall of water.
The Southern railway bridge over the
Catawba river at Belmont, 21. C, was
washed away, carrying 18 men into the
river. It has not yet been learneu
whether they were saved.
The missing reported to Washington
in scattering dispatches are:
H. 1. Griffin, road supervisor, Char
lotte.
Joseph Kildnn, resident engineer,
Charlotte.
C. S. Burbee. section foreman, I liar-
lotte.
R. O. Thompson, section foreman,
Belmont.
W. L. Fortune, section foreman,
Kings Mountain, N. C.
lC. Kale, B. C. Gully, C. W. Klutts.
derrick men. Charlotte.
Andrew Scott. Tom Davis, Daniel
Heath, Sloau Adams and Will Cathcy
all colored laborers.
A. B. Blackwell, Western l nion line
crew boss.
William Cooker and R. Ball, Asho-
villc, and-three linemen.
The Seaboard Air Line bridge over
the Catawba river at Mount Hollyoke,
N. C. has collapsed as has that over
the Catawba river on the Salisbury
Asheville line.
An earth fill at Lookout Power dam,
near Shelby, broke and the East Mondo,
West Mondo and Alspnuge cotton mills
are under water. A wall of water u
feet high was reported rushing down
from Lookout shoals last night.
Oreat crop damage to the snrorund-
lug country is reported from Spartan
burg, S. C, due to neavy rains oi me
last 48 hours.
Practically all railway traffic in
southwest Virginia aud eastern West
Virginia was tied up yesterday by
slides end washouts.
No Warning of Flood.
Asheville. N. C, July 17. Two Cin
cinnati-bound trains, the Carolina Spe
cial, which left here Saturday night.
and another which left last night, are
f "lost" as a result of the flood which
I swept eastern rorth Carolina with the
loss of IS lives.
All railway and commercial telegraph
lines are down. The dead in the flood
caused by overflow of the French broad
river are:
Louise Cressler, Asheville.
Lucas Frnzier. Asheville.
P. W. Lip Biltmore.
Ciarlotte Walker, Biltmore.
Mabel Foster, Biltmore.
Three are dead at Hendersonville aud
six at Charlotte.
Many bridges are earned away in the
flood and railway traffic is paralyzed.
I Danger of a food famine in Asheville
MARK PATHWAY 0
(Continued on Pace Bit.)
JULY 17, 1916
Militiamen to Have
Two Weeks' Practice
Fort Stevens, Or., July 17. Nearly
700 militiamen today began two weeks
grind of living like regular, soldiers.
Under command of Col. C. C. Ham
mond, eight companies of coast artil
lery, Oregon National Guard, are en
camped here to spend the next fort
night in practice with the coast de
fense equipment at the mouth of the
Columbia river. . .
Although the coast artillery com
panies are not recruited up to war
strength, as the war department re
cently ordered, there are more men in
the two battalions here today than on
any previous summer encampment.
Two of the companies are from Eu
gent. The others nre from Ashland,
Koseburg, Albany, Cottage Grove, Med
ford and Portland, with a sanitary de
tachment from Roseburg.
TELEPHONE SERVICE
WITH Em AS WIRE
Inventor Claims to Have Per
fected System of Under
ground Telephones
Snn Francisco, July 17 Announce
ment of a wireless subterranean tele
phone was made today by Dr: H. Bar
ringer Cox, one of the most prominent
electrical inventors of the country.
Simultaneous v lr. Cox declared that
he had discovered that electrical ener
gy can be transmitted over a single
conductor, a new law of physics.
The inventor made h's discovery, ne
said, while he was experimenting for
the federal foreBt service in an ef
fort to perfect a wireless system of sig
nals in forest reserves. He discovered
that the human voice could be trans
mitted through the ground. He tried
out his discovery over distances up to
AO miles and then applied for patents
on it.
Ir. Cox said the system of subter
ranean wireless telephony Is so simple
that ' it is astonishing that ' scientists
have not discovered it long ago. '
I 'The. equipment consists of an ordi
nary telephone transmitter- eoimwwa
with ab attery n o- special instru--ment
which Dr. C6x alone under
stands with a ground wire. At the
receiving station Is a similar device.
The only conection between the two is
the ground through which the current
carrying the human voice is sent.
There is no "circujt."
Sir Rocer Casement's
Appeal Is Argued
London. Julv 17. Sir Roger Cose
ment' anneal from his conviction of
treason, carrying with it the death
sentence, was argued before Justice
Daerling and four associate justices
of the court of criminal nppeals to
dav. Casement's counsel argued that the
actions described in the indictment did
not constitute a statutory offense. He
arrued further that the definition of
treason eiven to the jury by Lord
Chief Justice Reading was inaccurate,
CAPLAN'S TRIAL 8ET
FOB OCTOBER 16.
Los Angeles, Pal., July 17. The sec
ond trial of David Caplau, charged with
complicity in the dynamiting of the
Times building here, October, 1910, was
scheduled today for October ill oy Nu
nerior Judire Frank. Willis.
In his previous trial the jury which
heard the Caplnn ease disagreed.
The local TJ. 8. recruiting office to
day rejected, on account of defective
vision, Thomas l'atton, age zu ot Lot
taize Grove, and Irn Mitchell, age 20,
nf Pnlcm. John Derunes, age 24 of
Silverton, who enlisted Saturday, will
go to Portland tnis evening, nccompan
ied by Colonel Charles A. Vamum.
President Wilson Signs
Rural Credit BillToday
Pays Tribute to Farmers
Wellington, July 17. Accompany
ing' the act witn n speecn paying in-
bute to the farmers of the country,
President Wilson today signed the ru
ral credits bill. It provides a system
of land mortgages in banks to handle
lor- time mortgage loans to farmers.
On invitation of the president, many
interested in the initiation of he
rural credits system were present at
its signing. These included house and
senate members who had handled the
bill. Speaking before he signed the
bill, the uresiilent said:
"On occasions of this sort there are
so many things to say that one would
despair of setying them briefly and
adequately, but 1 cannot go through
the simpie ceremony of signing this
bill without expressing the feeling that
I nave in signing it. It is a feeling
of a profound satisfaction, not only,
but of real erntitmle that we have
completed this piece of legislation
which I hope will be immensely bene
llcinl to the farmers of the country.
"The farmers, it seem to me, have
occupied hitherto a singular position of
PRICE TWO
IS
ABOUT READY FOR
I
Fear of Spies and Bombs
Causes Utmost Vigilance
On Part of Crew
EVEN POLICE OFFICIALS
BARRED FROM HER PIER
jWill Drop Down the River To
morrow, After That Only
Captain Knows
By Carl D. Groat.
.(Uqited Press staff correspondent.)
Baltimore, Md., July 17. The Ger
man submarine freighter Deutschland
now plans to slip down the Patausco
river and into Chespakeawe bay tomor
row night, on route back to Germany,
a member of the erew told the United
Press today. Loading should be finish
ed tomorrow at the present rate. Cap
tain Hinsch gave cororborative informa
tion that the return trip is at hand
when he announced no visitors will be
permitted to board the vessel after to
morrow.
Captain Hinsch told the United Press
he expected the Bremen in a few days
and that she will come here or to New
York, though he indicated Baltimore
will be the port. -Fear
of spies and bombs seemed to
bear strongly upon the crew and man
agers of the Deutschland today.
me vigilance ot the past week had
increased. Even police officials who
had been permitted free entrance to her
pier were barred, t -special watchman
headed off messengers and mail car
riers; all night the powerful search
light on the tug Timnilns played nerv
ously over th, waters to pick np
launches and to search the shores for
unwelcome watchers.
"Drivo them away quick." was the
shout from the Timmins to the police on
snore wnere toe searchlight revealed
newspaper "spies." "For heaven's
sake don't let them stay there."
. No Americana on Board.
A special delivery messenger arrived
at the eastern Forwarding dock with a
small package, presumably a gift from
an admirer to Captain Koenig.
"You can't come in here," saI3 the
German guard abruptly. "I won't take
that, package.".
The messenger was surprised.
"Will you write that down, or I'll
get in trouble," he replied.
And the guard wrote it, unmistakably
with the added Information that there
is no uso trying to deliver any packages
at the dock.
The inference from this generally is
that the Deutschland folk fear an at
tempt to wreck the ship.
The Deutschland, dressed up In fresh
grey paint, and decorated with traces
of white at the bow and stern, to re
semble the ocean waves, still lay at
the pier today. It had been announced
that Captain Koenig would go to New
York to see Ambassador Bernstorff and
bring back a package of diplomatic
mail, but Manager Hilken said this
afternoon: "The captain will stay
right here."
Captain Hinsch, mannger o'f transpor
tation for the Eastern Forwarding com
pany, Deutschland agents, said em
phatically today that there will bo no
Americans on the submarine when she
returns.
"Thoy would not proloct her," he
added.
disadvantage. They have not had the
same freedom to get credit on their
real assets tout others huve who were
in manufacturing and commercial en
terprises, ami while they sustained our
life, thev did not in the same degree
with others, share in the benefits of
that life. Therefore, this bill along
with tiie very liberal provisions of the
federal reserve act, puts them on an
equality with all others who have gen
uine assets, and makes the great credit
of the country available to them. One
cannot but feel this is delayed justice
to them, and cannot but feel that it
is a very gratifying thing to play any
part in doing this act of justice. 1
look forwurd to the benefits of this
bill, not with extravagant expectations
but with confident expectations that
it will be of very wide reaching bene
fit; and incidentally, it will be of ad
vantage to he community for I can
imagine no more satistactory ami soiui
investment than this system will af
ford those who have money to use. I
(Continued on Pegs Fly.)
IE
DASH
FROM
CENTS t5PSSR
HIGH OFFICIAL OF
11 DEPARTMENT
Adds That His Name Is Used
by Rebels to Scare Car
ranza Followers ;
ARMY TO LEAVE MEXICO V
INSIDE OF THIRTY DAYS
Militia Boys Will Be Hoze
Within Three Months, His
Prediction
Washington. July 17. Villa is dead.
General Pershing's troops will be out
of Mexico within a month and the na
tional'' guard back home' within threw
months, a high war department official
said today.
Villa's name is being used by minor
ity leaders to inspire fear among Car
ranzistas, the official declared. He said,
Cnrranta was stronger today in Mexico
than he ever had been, principally be
cause he had averted war with the Unit
ed States "without loss of dignity by
exico."
Army men in touch with border and
Mexican interior conditions said today
there "isn't a chance in a thousand of
further trouble with Mexico," either by
a repetition of the Parral and Cnrriznl
inoidents, or by bandit raids.
Since the Carrizal attack was cleared;
up, and the last Carranza note received,
the war department has taken the view
that the Mexican trouble is over. Persh
ing's moviug his base north helped im
mensely, it was declared. Now rains
have come and threaten to necessitate)
further shortening of the lines.
"We expect Pershing to be out of
Mexico in a month or so,", said a, de
partment official , today. "Ia' three
months the national guard proMNy will
be back home.'' . r
"The Carranza government was nev
er stronger than it Is now. Sentiment
has erystalized behind him siace the re
cent trouble. This because without loss)
of dignity to Mexico, be staved off war
with the United States. Villa himself
could not hurt him for that reason.
"And Villa, according to our reports,
is dead. We hear his nnme is used by
leaders to embarrass Carranza and to.
inspire fear in the Mexican people. We
think he is dead and his cause buried
with him."
On Way td Meet Bandits.
F,agle Pass, Texas, July 17. Oarranz
troops at Pledraa Negras and Mon
clovia have moved south to oppose large
Villista forces marching, toward the
border, it was learaed from Mexican,
sources today.
A party of Mexicans arriving from ,
tho interior reported today that their
train was held up by Villista bandits)
Friilay near Torerou and that all pas-'
scngers were robbed and everything of
value taken.
Luis Martinez,- of El Paso, said the
Carranza authorities bad assured the
party a safo journey to the border. lie
suid most of the citixens of Torreon
and vicinity were Villa sympathizers
und that Carranza soldiers there are de
serting to Villa. .
Fifteen hundred national guardsmen
nttended the services In the local Cath
olic church yesterday. The soldiers
served as altar boys, ushers and choir.
Miss Clariette Bieosc, Texas, repre
sentative, has organized a local branch
of the Girls' National Honor Guard. A
reading and writing room has been open
ed by them in the district court house
tor accommodation of the Vermont,
Kansas and Maryland militia.
Mexico Makes Offer
Mexico City, July 17. If American
troops are completely withdrawn from
Mexico, the Carranza government will
see to it that the border is fully pro
tected against bandit raids, War Min
ister Obregon snid today. "Onr pro
posals made at the Jpnrcz-KI Paso con
ference, have not been withdrawn,"
said Obregon.
No News of Villista.
El Paso, Texas, July 17. The where
abouts of the Villista column Carran
za warned as headed for the Big Bend
country was a mystery today. General
Funston's preparations to prevent raids,
may have caused the bandits to change
their plans.
; THE WEATHER
Oregon: To
night and Tues
day (tier ally
fair, warmer
Tuesday, except
near the coast;
westerly winds.
SAYS VILLA IS DEAD
You ARC THEV55
ITMEgisg