Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 15, 1916)
"" fX' J ! lHERC' WHERE 111 ' I r'irf0 ( WHAY'5 I Til '!r"X iS P
International Cartoon Co
Washington, July '3. That mi'iit
jiroduetlou hug nut ki'pt pace it Ii tho
increase in iHipulution ami thitt its fail
ure to do no. combined with increased
. cunt of production ami diminished pur-
dinning power of the money unit, has!'"' yr "' J910 we im-
contributed to hinher prices not only in I I'orte.J more fresh, chilled, and frozen
the United States but till over the world I lt aud mutton thuu we exported, and
is mated in I'art I. of the exhaustive
report on , the meat situation in the
nrmiarntion of which ncciulit of thi
ll. S. liepartment ot Agriculture uave ""'"'v-
been engng.M for some time. Practically the whole of the world's
Thia country, it is said, is participate export trade in meat is maintained liv
ing in a world wide movement and it !' countries Argentina, Australia,
is not expected that the situation will I Canada, Denmark Mexico, under normal
undergo any radical change in the im-1 conditions, New Zealand, the United
mediate future. On the other hand, it U and Uruguay.
is believed that there will be a gradual! "
growth aud expansion in the world's! THB ARMORY steps.
production of beef, mutton, aud pork ,, , ,
which may or may not equal the ruto of 1 "lpra V the guarded gate
increase of the meat-eating population. Ot "Oisy muster hall;
lu America this gradual expansion They'd planned their lives, but hore
appear to have begun already. Bo-j -w.a9JHt0. ,,
tieen lt07 and 1013 there wa a mark- That bad no heart at all.
ed decline iu the number of cattle in' T
the couutry but iu the last two years "'7 " Ple. jcr ayes were dry;
ttais baa not only stopped but has given' Ana hni m hand, thpy seemed
4 mi.. T.ilfi smrifa n-iilkina. nskintr whir
war to a werceinioie increase, iuo
atlmutcd number ou farms and ranges,
on January 1, li'lti, ol,41l,Wl, is, now
evor, atill much below the corresponding
figure for 1SW7. 7S,3:U,(Htt,
With the exception of temporary
checks due to losses from hog cholera,
there has been in recent years a pcrsia-l
tent increase iu the production of snine.jl
On January 1. lt'lo, the number iu the
country was estimated at ON.OOO.OOO us
compared with H, iMOVHJO in April, I
lt(10. On the other linnu, tne numneri
of heep declined during theis period '
from 8'.,,5U0,0(MI in ll'lO to 4i,aO0,0i0
in lfl". As the decrease, nowever, w
not aufficient to offset the increase n.:
cattle and swine, it may be said that the
total production of meat in the I'uited
htatcs is increasing but that this m-
crease is not vet proportionate to the
prow til iu nonulution.
The available supply of meat would
be much greater if it were not for the
enormous losses caused by disease aud
exposure. Since 100 it is estimated
that from 1,100,011 to 1.475,000 cuttle
have died ea'ch yiir from disease and
from 000.000 to 1.000,000 from expos
ure, . With sheep, tho losses from dis
rsite have been about the same, but from
exposure much larger.
With swine the relative prevalence
of hog cholera is perhaps the determin
ing factor in the annual loss. In 1W4
this was as low as 2,200,000 but In 1SU4
it amouuted to 7.000,001). If these 7,
000,000 hogs had been saved, it is said,
they would have produced enough meat
to furnish every family in the I'nited
Htatcs with 40 pounds of pork.
Despite these fact the United biutes
tesnivins the greatest meat eating as
welt as the greatest meat producing
nation in the world. Approximately
twice at much meat is consumed in the
world. Germaay before the war and the
total normal consumption in Ruwia.
Great Britain and France la Iom than
ia Germany. The per capita consump
U a i also far greater la this country
N. V .
AND THE DEMAND
than anywhere else with the exception
Australia mid New Zealand.
Our own exports now consist largely
of pork arid pork products and these are
derived to a great extent from corn. In
more beef ot all descriptions was im
ported In 1914, than was exported. In
this limited respect we have joined the
- -t . . 1
Their hearts no longer dreamed.
Of rustles in the eunkissed air,
Where they should livo aud know
The joys of life that blossom where
The flowers of love shall grow.
sw the ages pass along,
And ever on my sight
maiden and, a aoldier strong
Asked question of the night
nil cue uiuuu iru vui9 uu
Youth gazed at youth, and there were
And man was killing man.
Last night I saw the man aud maid
That Oreeee and r.gypt knew;
She strong in heart, he unafraid;
14 love aud country, true.
And ever while the world shall be
They'll kiss and ay goodbye;
'The maid to tell her hero he
XI out am it a h,a flat n. Alii
Must save his flag or dio.
Kdward f. Van Zile in the New York
Telt Reasonably Bait.
A young man dropped Into a state of
coma and it wa several day before he
fully recovered. Later lie spoke of his
experience with a party of friends.
"O. Yes," the youug man aaid iu re
sponse to a question, "I knew all the
time what was going on, and I also
knew that I wasn't dead, because my
feet were cold and I wa hungry."
"I see," thoughtfully aaid one of his
frienjs, "but how did that make you
think that jrou were still alivet"
"Well," answered the young man.
"I knew that If I were in heaven I
wouldn't be hungry and that If I were
anywhere elm my feet wouldn't be
cold." " .
THE DAILY CAPITAL JOT'RNAL. RALEM. OREGON. SATURDAY. JULY 15. 1916.
THE PORTLAND CEMENT
The first half of 11U0 has been a busy
period for the 1'ortlniul Cement indust
ry in most parts of tho I'nited istntes.
Labor troubles have caused the tempo
rary shutting down of a few plants in
Illinois, and the business ordinarily
taken care nf by these plants has gone
to others in the central states, but none
have been reported tin having voluntar
ily closed in J!1H.
The opening of a new cement plant
nowadays, when the country Is so well
dotted with plants, is an advent of im
portance, and the fact that two new
ones have begun operation is of con
siderable interest. Both of them are in
the middle west, one at its extreme
north, at New Duliith, Slinn., the other
at it extreme south, at Houston, Tex.
The location of both was influenced
more largely by commercial considera
tions than by the proximity of raw ma
terials. The plant at New Duliith, a
mill of the I'niversnl Fortlnnd Cement
company, utilizes limestone brought by
boat from the shore of Lake Huron
near Alpena, Mich., and slug from the
blast furnaces of the Minnesota Steel
company at New Duliith. The plant at
Houston is mill No. 2 of the Texas Port
land Cement company. It manufactures
cement from oyster shells dredged from
a reef in Galveston Bay and clay from
Hnrrisburg, Texas. This plant In on
tidewater, and efforts will be made to'
estahlish for it an export trade with
In 1014 and 1015 there wn a decrease
in the production of cement, consumer
exercising strict economy in ita use.
but the year 1010 shows a reaction,
having opened a demand unprecedented
for a midwinter season. Trice, which
had averaged only SO cents a barrel for
the entire year of 1015, began to rise
toward the end of that year and in the
eastern and middle states, where cement
gold at 70 to 00 cent a barrel, they
continued to rise in 1010 until, iu June,
they ranged from (tl.10 to $1.25 a bar
rel. The increased prices, of course, do
not mean an equivalent net increase iu
return to the manufacturer, for the
cost of explosives for blasting and of
coal have both risen, and laborer are iu
many place demanding an increase in
wage. These comparatively Iurii prices
have not, however, checked the de
mand for cement. Many manufactur
er are selling all they can produce,
and others are even drawing on stocks
so a to fill order.
Although no statistic have been re
ported to the United State Geological
Survey at this date, it i believed that
the total output of Portland cement for
the first half of li'10 has considerably
exceeded that for the corresponding
period of 1915,
In general an optimistic feeling pre
vails among manufacturer, and it i
confidently predicted tuat the year will
show a gain over iota. Dotn in promo
tion and shipments of Portland cement.
Moreover there is a fair possibility that
they will exceed those of 1913 and thus
establish a new record.
Bandy and the Glass.
Tourist referring to the barometer:
I see the glass Is going up again.
Sandv Andv Dae ye tell me that! A
body" will noon no 'be able to afford a
dram at alL"
Much More Favorable
New- York, July 8. Tho recent drift
of event has been more favorable from
the stock market point of view. Mexi
can affairs assumed a more peaceful
aspect, and there is good reason for an
ticipating a satisfactory solution of this
problem by means of mediation instead
of war. Hitches and setbnek may de
velop, but one thing is certain, this
country doe not want war with Mex
ico; and, once the Mexicans appreciate
the sincereity of our decimation that
we have no lust for conquest of .Mex
ican territory, the way to permanent
peace between Mexico and ourselves
should be firmly established. If our
government can uid iu restoring oi'Ticr
on a basis satisfactory to the unhappy
people of Mexico, so much the better.
Anarchy, misery, poverty and starvation
rule our southern neighbor with a cruel
hand at present; and, for such condi
tions, peace and friendship ought to
cure much more effectively than, war
War Two-thirds Over.
In Europe the' great conflict has
broken out with ereatcr violence than
fever. At last the allies have initiated
their universal drive; the central pok
ers are being sorely pressed ia every
direction, aud it may be the beginning
of the end. It is now almost two years
since the war began. It seems impossible
I for the struggle to last another year,
and millions on both sides are hoping
for peace within another six months.
Certainly the war is two-third over,
and let us hope three-fourths. In bit
terness and intensity it will grow to
ward the cud, but the world at large is
already preparing for resumption of
peaceful activities. The doings of the
Economic Conference at Paris is iu this
connection were of much significance,
and an agreement between the allies to
form a number of co-operative plans
for restoration of their commerce and
industry after the war is not surnrisiug.
These agreements are of course intend
ed to hamper the central powers. It is
satisfactory to note, however, that no
general boycott ia to be declared
against Germany. That would be sheer
folly, and if carried too far would
surely lay the basis for another war a
soon as Germany sufficiently recovered.
Moreover, if Germany can produce any
product cheaper and' better than other
nations, refusal of the entente powers
to buy them would inflict self-injury
and build up the trade of the other na
tion at the expense of the allies.
Furthermore, all of the allies will be
only too glad to sell to Germany; an
impossibility unless they also stand
ready to buy. Commerce ha an ir
resistible habit of leaping over political
barriers whenever transactions yield a
mutual profit; and ia always a powerful
peacemaker, causing war only when
throttled or fettered to death.
Home conditions are generally en
couraging. Our agricultural output
does not promise to be quite a bounti
ful a last year; but good price are
practically certain, and there is no
abatement of prosperity in sight for the
, American farmer, who hns now enjoyed
an unusually long period of good lor
tune. The cry of "back to the farm,"
j was never more justified than now; and
. the amnll margin between production
and consumption in all the international
j markets, together with the high price
tor all farm products, atfords a stimui-
lating prospect for the agriculturist. Ke
gnrdless of the war, the world's pro
duction, especially of animal products,
is often below consumption. Our in
dustrial activity is still running at top
speed, the steel trade is positively suf
fering from over-consumption. Produc
tion is operated at the limit, yet there
is no cessation in the pressure of or
ders; no signs of weakness in prices,
and steel mills would welcome a re
spite from the urgent demands of con
sumer. Some munition factories are
shutting drfwn; others, of course, are
busy; the rate at which ammunition is
now being consumed at the front stimu
lating expectations of fresh orders. The
textile trade, especially in New Eng
land, is fairly active and in good con
dition; the better prices recently ob-
tamed for most fabrics resulting in in-1
creased dividends on some mill shares:
and resumption on others. The boot and
shoe industry .also continues active.
Automobile makers have had a wonder
ful season; home trade having exceed-1
ed all expectations, while the export i
trade on war account has been simply:
Great Supply of Gold, j
Financial conditions In the United '
States are particularly satisfactory.!
Our banks are prosperous and strong. '
while our enormous gold supply and'
the uew federal reserve banks have
imparted an expansiveness to our cur-j
, rency that hns much to do with present
activity. National bank loaus are about
tl.000,000,000 in excess of a year ago,!
while bank clearings in June were 40:
per cent ahead of last year and 48 per!
cent more than in 1914. There is doubt- (
less much inflation in present values;
and the growth of trade iu this country. I
domestic and foreign, when measured in j
quantities as it should be, is much
smnllor than when measured in values. I
Political conditions at home are excep-1
tionally quiet and the presidential ,
campaign for the time being is almost j
entirely forgotten. The most interesting;
feature has been the introduction of a
new revenue bill to meet the cost of
preparedness. This bill is expected to
produce about $200,000,000, a large pro
portion of which ito be raised by doub
ling the income tax. This bill has a yet
received no serious discussion, and the
efforts at Washington to railroad it
through eongretss without proper de
bate should be strenuously protested.
There is no emergency warranting such
Stock Market Fairly Attlv.
The stock market has shown fair ac
tivity and responded readily to the bet
ter condition referred to above. There
is a good investment demand for the
same reason; stimulated also by the un
usual July disbursements, which
amounted to about $il00,000,000, of $13,
000,000 more than a year ago. The new
security issues for the principal states
during June were estimated nt $150,
000,000, or $83,000,000 in excess of a
year ago. The total new issues for six
month of the calendar year are placed
at nearly $1,000,000,000, or almost $000,
000,000 more than last year. Of the to
tal issue for the last six months, only
about $430,000,000 were for railroars,
$25S,00,00 for public utilities and the
remainder for industrial and miscellan
eous purposes. There has beea great ex
pansion in new steel enterprises; also
in the developmut of petroleum and na
tural gas. A further indication of in
dustrial development was the volume of
charters granted in the principal states
during June, those with a capital of
$100,000 or over aggregating $327,000,
000, or $97,000,000 more than a year
ago; Ovej 30,000.000 of this amount
represented new petroleum concerns.
Japanese Officer Writes
Touching Letter About War
By Wilbur S. Forrest
(United Press staff correspondent.)
London, June 25. (By mail.) On
seeing this war letter from a Japanese
officer in a Loudon paper today a Bri
tish wag suggested that Germany's de
feat is certain if it ever gets tangled
up in it. The letter, undeleted, uu
in fact touched:
Kaiser have said on earliest begin
ning of great war, "I capture Paris in
three weeks, when I wipe the feet of my
glorious army on Calais, I will steam
roller on the eostemptoble John French
army and then I shall make invasion
of the F.nglish. In three weeks Crown
Prince Willie and myself (hall eat
sauerkraut and pigs-sausage in the
Paris bestv hotel." Most eniovable
prospectus. But Kaiser has done noth
ing of these things, the pigs-sausage is
not eaten, Calais is still in allies hands
aud the contemptoble John French
army grow by expansions every day.
Kaiser has jumped on the conclusion.
He tells to himself that France is weak,
and England is most perfidious.
Kaiser ha not looked to find if there
is a hole in hi ship. If Kaiser had
looked enough he would have find very
big hole indeed and that hole called
'Ally Hole' and 'Britain Navy.' French
nation is not weak as Kaiser thonghted,
English refuse to become perfidy for
his benefit. Russians are not beated.
Now two whole year are nearly flyed
a way, and German Kaiser has a gray
beaa, but he is not eonqnerer of allies.
Kaiser has victory in Poland and in
Belgium for the present, but where is
German colony f General Smut and
General Botha have stole . away hi
African possession. .
Germany have begun great varfar
very special reason. . Chief reason was
to have more colony and to have big
piece of China and Germans have aot
made the achievement of any colony at
all. How lone more will Kaiser sacrifice
hit soldiers! Allies can find time to
wait until Bun hat no more inside for
The issue of new railroad securities h&a
undoubtedly been restrained by the bay
ing back among investors of a larga
amount of securities returned from
abroad on account of the British war
finance. Rumors of further foreign
loans in this market continue, but have)
not yet materialized. Negotiation for
a $10,000,000 French loan are reported,
also considerable applications from Rus
sia and China. Nothing further has beea
heard of new British financing here,
should these loans appear, they will, of
course, have an important bearing o
the investment situation. Speculation,
has been more active during the past
two weeks and prices showed a rising
tendency. Prospect for a more confi
dent market, unless unfavorable devel
opments start fresh liquidation. Peace)
prospects, of course, will affect muni
tion shares unfavorably, and a gradual
return to a peace basis may be reason
ably anticipated sooner or later. '
the fighting, but Hun must make hi
object or be beated, What is for Kaiser
to dot If he make attack he will be
beated most exceedingly bad. On the
other foot if aKiser is to sit down and
become defensice thein what gain
In Japan we know Kaiser is beated.
Sensible Japanese may Bay, ' Great war
last one whole year more, perhaps on
and a half a year, but no longer can
last. If Hun is not beated by that
time then Kaiser will make surrender
himself." That is ration thinking.
One thing of England is most disgua
table. The objector of conscience te
fight, England is much too good coun
try for them. Even Huns have scorn
I vu i-ugusu 10 pruuuee aucn man. jo
jrciur ui conscience is most certainly
traitor to English King and country.
How much disgraceful these men are to
The Only Woman Soldier -
In Uncle Sam's Ann? Lives
In Columbus, Ohio
Columbus. O., July 15. The only
woman soldier in the United State)
army lives in this city. .She is Hrsv
Lillian Schaeufele, assistant to Quar
termaster Olin. in charge of the trans
portation facilities at gorernment bar
racks here. She aid today that ah
has been on the job for IS year and
thinks the man who wrote "I didat
raise tar boy to be a' soldier" ia a
Mrs. Schaeufele gets 100 a month'
and has only missed four days in th
last 16 years. Besides serving in Un
cle Sam's army, Mrs. Schaeufele ia
married and keep house. Her husband,
is a factory superintendent.
"It's odd that I should keep oa
working this way when I don't kav
to," said sh today, "bnt I love say
job and I jut can't quia," '