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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 11, 1916)
CIRCULATION IS 1
OVER 4000 DAILY
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JULY 11, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND WBW
STANDS TTVB CENT
IH I ATTACK 1L FAIL
AND PEACF VILL FOLLOW
Cerman's Say When Allies 1 1 1 They Cannot Break Through
Their Defenses They Will Begin Negotiations for Ending
L WarFrench and British Both Make Small Gains
' fierce Fighting at Verdun Continues-Four British
Patrol Boats Sunk
r ' By Carl W. Ackerman,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Berlin, July 11. The great allied offensive will end in
defeat within a few weeks and will be followed by nego
tiations for peace, in the opinion of well inf ormed persons
The check administered to the British in the death
struggle north of the Somme has given rise to the natural
hope that peace will follow the' fighting in Picardi which
has been marked by unprecedented slaughter. The Ger
man people are practically a unit in believing the attempt
of the allies to force the German line is doomed to
" Except on one narrow sector, the British have been
unable to make any perceptible impression on the German
lines, despite their overwhelming superiority in men. Im
petuous dashes have frequently carried General Haig's
men into German positions where they were immediately
cut off and killed or captured. The French, more prudent,
have made some progress south of the Somme but thus
far neither French nor British
f ul attack necessary to break
the west and roll the Germans
The feeling prevails here that when the extent of the
British losses becomes fully known in England, coupled
with the fact that the German line still remains intact,
public opinion will demand that peace be made . without
further slaughter. J ; :
German reports are quite certain that the British will
never quit the attack without first feeling out all sectors
of the German front in the hope of finding an opening.
But they are confident that the British will have no great
er success against the strongly fortified lines further
north, than they have had between the Ancre and the
Some of the more optimistic of the German corre
spondents, notably the correspondent at the front of the
Vossiche Zeitung, believe that the allies offensive already
has been brought to a standstill.
By Henry Wood.
(United Press tuff correspondent.)
Pnris, July 11. Twenty-two villages,
all fortified to tho hiehest degree of
which the Germans are capable have
leiMi captured by the Anglo-French arm
ies Bince the great offensive of the
Ho.nme began 10 days ago.
Peronne, lying a bare mile across the
Ho. nine from the French lines and the
next important prize toward whieh the
French are advancing, lies almost with
in grasp of General Foch's army.
Dispatches from headquarters today
showed thnt the village or Bincnes, one
..ilo f mm l'pmnnn .was canture.l bv the
French in the same dashing spirit that
drove the enemy out of Dompierre, Har-
decourt and other strongly fortified
Dompierre, with its entire first line
German positions, was taken in !0 min
utes and Hardecourt in only 33. The
Germans resisted more stubbornly at
Biaches, but within less than two hours
the village ana an its strong aercnsie thif moruil,K after an intense bombard
fortifications were in the hands of the ment extendiig from Fleury to the Che
French. nois wood.
! , , . cu t.4.i "East of the Chenois wood and in
, British Gain Slightly. Fuiniii wood, the Germans occupied our
London, July 11. British troops last n,ivancea trenches, but were Inter
flight carried by storm the village of thrown out by counter attacks," the
A homely girl alius write a putty All sank, three burning after boiler ex
hand. Even th' things that money j
won t buy seem higher than ever. J (Continued on Paje Four.)
have developed the power
completely the deadlock in
outol France and t landers.
Contnlmaison. northeast of Albert
about which violeut fighting has raged
since the opening of the allied offen
sive, lieneral uaig, in announcing tne
victory, reported that 189 tlermnn pns
oners were taken.
"Further east we stormed several
lines of enemy trenches in the Mametz
wood." added General Hnig. "The
greater part of the wood is now in our
possession. ' '
Heavy fighting continues in the
Trones wood, north of Hardecourt
The Germans made a strong counter
attack at Coiitalraaison, but were beat-
en off with heavy losses. The vil-
lage. General Hnig reported, is in the
bands ot tue uritisu.
In the fighting for the Mnmets wood,
the Britii took 29U prisoners.
Fighting Fierce at Verdun.
Paris, July 11 German troops launch
a.l a ,tnn...f.i1 otlnnlf nnnincf Vronnh
works n0rtheast of Verdun at 4 o'clock
war office stated today. "Kverywhere
else the attack was checked by curtain
The war office admitted that German
troops entered 200 yards of Fresch.
trenches in Lorraine east of Reillon.
The Germans made other attacks
against the French front in Lorarine
northeast of Vehon and south of Lusse,
but were immediately checked.
North of Fontalle, French troops
penetrated and cleaned up both the first
The war office reported artillery ac
tivity on the northwest front of Ver
dun, particularly in the regions of Chat
tancourt and Avocourt.
Four Patrol Boats Sunk.
Berlin, via wireless to Snyville, L. T.,
July 11. At least four and possibly
five armored British patrol boats were
destroyed by the Austrian cruiser Xo
vara ia an engagement off Otranto
rond, the Austrian admiralty announced
in an oinciai siaiemem receiveu nere
"At dawn our cruiser Kovara, off
Otranto road, met a group of four, or
I according to the declarations of prison
ers, five armored British patrol boats."
I said the official statement. "All the
patrol boats were destroyed by our fire.
THE ALLIES' OBJECT
Washington, July 11. Great
Britain and France will do ev
erything in their power to pre
vent the United States recogniz
ing the super-submarine Deut
schland as a ship of commerce,
and to. prevent the operation of
a liue of submarine freight car
riers proposed by the North Ger
man Lloyd Steamship company.
This was admitted at the embas
sies of the two governments to
day. Just Who Is Backing Proposi
tion Keeps Curious Ones
Is the proposed railroad from this city
the Bend a lull line or is it oaciceu o
the Chicago, Milwaukie & Ht. Paul a
Rockefeller railroad? What has Judge
Grant B. Dimick of Oregon City, presi
dent of the Willamette Valley Southern
to do with the enterprise t And where
does the Bantiam Electric company of
Portland fit into the scheme t
These are some of the questions puz
zling the minds of men who are watch
ing developments in tho local railroad
That the Milwaukie, a Standard Oil
property, is back of the undertaking
and is working through Dimick, whose
road is popularly believed to have the
backing o'f the Rockefellers, is one ver
sion of the affair. As representative in
Oregon, Dimick is thought to have been
chosen to ovei-Bee the securing of a
right of way, terminal facilities and the
preliminary steps in the building of the
Instead, then, of the road being a
Hill enterprise as has been given out,
it may be the first atop in a battle for
dominance in this section of the Rocke
fellers against the Morgans of the
Southern Pacific and the Hills of the
Great Northern. . . i
The road, in llgut or recent uevri-
opments, may extend from Mt. Angel
throucrh th a City to Bend. A me -
lamette Valley Southern connects Mt.
Angel with Oregon .City the Rockefel
lers could thus secure a continuous line
from Bend practically to Portland and
tapping a section rich in natural re
sources and eood patrons of railroads.
That the line may urancn out so as to
include Silvertou with its huge new
sawmill is thought probable. At present
surveyors are at work near Silverton
and they may be working for the pro
posed line. Tho route lias been lined
out as far as Niagara iu the direction of
Tim explanation of the hnntiam r.lec-
trie company's alleged activity in the
matter is that it is used merely to help
cover up the activities of the Milwau
kie. It is said tnnt tue wages or wie
surveyors and Other help employed in
the field are paid through this compauy
whose agent makes regular trips to the
scene of operations to squure tue pay
roll. Sometime in tho fall backers of the
new road are expected to appear before
tho ritv council and mukc demands as
fn franchise and terminal facilities in
this city. That they will ask a right
in through Church street to the
fair crounds. at which place the road
will cross the 8. P. tracks is considered
Property owners on Church street
have renuested the council to hold in
abeyance its order providing for the
. .... . i . :t ...ill
paving or tne Btreei iu ururr mm u
nnt hiv to be torn un when the road
puts down its tracks. There are to be
laid, they expect, Derore next suinim-r.
In formation that lias been secured
tends to point out the block bounded by
u-...i. I?-.... ri,r.i, inil Ti-tiila utreetn
as the site 'tor the depot of the new made known the number of men ho be
line, in this city. This is closo to the lieves will be necessary to furnish ade-
business section and directly on the
right of way believed sought by the
From the depot tho line would run out
Church street to Mission. At this point
two routes of egress arc available. One
is through Bush's pasture, the other
along the creek to the Bingham place
or east of it and thence southeast out
of the city limits.
As it stands, the road could condemn
a right of way through the Bush pas
ture. Should the transfer of the pasture
to the city as a public park be consum
mated, however, the road would be
blocked In this direction as one of the
conditions uudcr which the offer was
made to the city is that it is to be tineS
for park purposes only. The city has
not yet obtuined title to the tract but it
is believed that this will be settled
The history of railroading shows that
the roads aud their backers like to keep
things under cover until all is ready for
the big splurge. Un this account many
feel that Dimick or whoever is back of
the line have been content to let the
public believe the proposed line wm to
: ,p , jjill road in order to keep the real
movers in the background.
NEW EVIDENCE IN
LAND FRAUD CASES
San Francisco, July 11. New evi
dence in the so-called Oregon land
fraud cases will be the first matter
considered by the 1910 United States
grand jury, it was made known today.
The jury has been sworn in by Federal
PREPARE FOR LONG
STAY 111 MEXICO
At Mexican Capital All Danger
of War Is Considered
SUPPLIES BEING SENT
PERSHING BY RAILROAD
Mexican Reply to Contain Sug
gestion for Settling All
By Webb C. Miller
(United Press staif -correspondent) -Columbus,
N. M., . July 11. The
Guerrero district is aflame with Vil-
lista spirit. Hundreds of natives have
deserted Guerrero villages, presumably
to .lorn the new army they were told
t ula would lead, personally . agnvnst
L. : i
iur 1 induce. - -
JUotor truck men who returned today
from the American lines with these re
ports from natives, believe the entire
district is a not bed ot ilia sentiment,
Also army officers who were in Guer
rero on the first dash south after Vil
la stated that if the natives were con
vinced Villa is alive they would join
him. The bandit leader long made the
Guerrero district , his "stamping
ground" while fuuitrig Dinz rurales.
. However, nearec the American lines,
the natives are friendly to General
Pershing's men and apparently satis
fied at enjoying Hueir first peace In
years and receiving gold for labor and
fhe meager reports of the expedi
tion's activities reaching here indicate
that the entire force la marking time
and not even -eas'nlry patrols (.pene
trate very far 'ffoa camp. Pershing
is reported to be depending upon o
corps of scouts and Arizona apeches
for information of Mexican, nativities
near his lines.
The truck men declared that the
ruins already huve niaae traveling dif
ficult. The drivers were apprehens-l
ive sf a complete tieu.i iu motor trans
portation if the rains increase. Thirty
three new trucks arifved overland
front IU Paso today and will be put
into service immediately.
The rain fell throughout the night,
flooding the lower end of tho Massa
chusetts militiamen's enmp and forc
ing scores of the guardsmen in the
downpour to seek other quarters. Men
on outpost duty were drenched. Old
Columbus residents declared the rains
so far are only showers compared to
the rainy season nt its height.
Will Stay Long Time
San Antonio, Texas, July 11. Pre
parations lor a long stay iu Mexico
and on the border nro seen today in
several new developments in the south
General Fuuaton announced that 11
carloads of supplies had been shipped
Sunday by rail from Juarez to General
Pershing's expedition. Winter cloth
ing is understood to have been order
ed for Pershing's men and the troops
along the border. Heavier field pieces
are reported to have been shipped to
The packing houses at fan Antonio
which were being counted on to sup
ply the troops with fresh meat, have
made arrangements to increase the ca
pacity. Funstou today continued prepara
tions to make the Rig ltend country
Colonel Gaston ins
Quate protection to the towns in that
region. It is understood most or me
reinforcements will be tnken from ml
litia vet to arrive at the border, so1
the present distribution of forces will I
be disarranged as little as possible.!
tr.... it i- .,.i,u-,i th.t n fw 1
contingents already nt El I'nso will lie!
Think Danger ll Over
Mexico l itv, July 11, As evidence
of the official belief that the danger
of wnr with the United States has'
passed, the employes of government de -
pnrtments who were being drilled for!
military service were today ordered to
discontinue their training.
If the situation continues to improve'
all o'her persons who volunteered for ;
service against the United States will
be Instructed to discontinue drilling.
It is possible the Mexican replv to
' . . ... -
tho latest American note wil
Ill 0e lor-
warded to Washington today. It is
understood it will contain a definite
proposal for the settlement of future
difficulties and the solution of the
border problems. If the proposal Is
not entirely satisfactory to tho United
States, it ' Is considered that further
interchanges between the two govern
ments will result in a completely satis
Torrential Rains Fall
Columbus. N. M.. July 11. Massa
chusetts militiamen saw their first ac
tion under fire toda onder Captain
(Continued on Pag Bevsa.)
Al ALONG BORDER
E TOTAL 1278
195 New Cases Reported To
day, Nearly Doubling Yes
BRONX NONE YESTERDAY
REPORTS SEVEN TODAY
Queens Today 13, Monday
One Richmond Six Today
New York, July 11. Despite prodig
ious efforts to curb the epidemic of in
fantile paralysis gripping Greater New
York, reports to the health department
today showed an- increase of 100 per
cent in the number of deaths and new
cases in Brooklyn eiuce yesterday.
The total number of deaths since the
epidemie started reached 270 today
when the latest reports to Health Loin
missioner Emerson told of 32 additional
Twenty o'f these were in '
Yesterday there were only
nine deaths reported in Brooklyn.
The total number of cbscb reported is
now 1,278. Of this number 195 new
cases were reported today. This is an
increase- of 9a over yesterday's report,
Of this total new cases reported 105
were in Brooklyn, uniy us auuiuonai
babies were found to be suffering from ;
the disease there yesterday. An in-'drawal of Bulgarian troops for service
crease iu the number of new cases was in Galicia or on the Italian front would
also reported from other boroughs. Bev- invite an imemdinte attack by the al
en new eases were reported from the lies from Salonika. : He promised, how
Bronx, against none yesterday; from ever, to submit the appeal to the Bul
Queens 13, against one yesterday, and gariun general staff.
from Richmond six, against yester- L
day's four. Fourtoon aew cases were
All MtiLtfti alonir the Atlantic sen board
ah far south ai Virginia have written
in tha linnlth Authorities here aakiuff
vw - , .
for information as to the epidemic. I
The authorities of ana ew ,
Rochelle todav orotestcd to the local i
health board against the number o chU-
dren coming to tkose wns from t he
greater city, feanag the epidemic will
Sacramento, Cal., July 11.-
nia'B gates were guarded today to keep
out the deadly infantile paralybis epi
demic which is scourging New "ink and
other cities in the east. '
Under orders from the state board of
health, six inspectors have been sta
tioned at Bix points on the California
boundnry where trans-continental rail
IWlun l "i. ... J .....
............ nt-orv tniin from tlie ulnaue
roads enter. They will examine me oc
zones and demand health certificates
from persons who have recently been
the infected areas.
To Study Methods.
inicngo, ju.y 1.. u .
.1 . T..1 11 TT.n l4l. nn.Mla.
sioer Robertson left ror incw iom to-
. u.w th.t oiiv'. niAthnd of
(Continued oa Pace Bix.)
Thousands A re Starving in
MexicoTo SaveThem May
Yet Require Intervention
Kl Taso, Texas, July 11. Mexico is
like ono long "bread line," according
to famine reports brought here today,
indicating thnt starving peons ore thick
ing again to Pancho Villa's standard in
hope of relief.
Depreciated Carrnnza currency and
nnarchv in industry and agriculture are
believed reflected In reports of do fucto
government troops revolting and joining
tue v unman.
Copies of a proclamation signed by
Villa have been received in which was
stated Villa had fully recovered from
his wounds and was agnin 111 the saddle
at the bend of a largo force. He called
upon loyal Mexicans to join him en
route to the border to attack American
cities, drive the gringocs from the Rio
Grande and retnke Texas, New Mexico,
Arizona and CaUfornla.
Reports persist that 6,000 do Tacto
government troops in the Farral district
(have deciareti ror vinu, uicir iur i
I . M um..1mm mum. In Ciinvntn f'nn.
ciliri. niBMiwn i.vhw v m..
tagas, Coahuila, Carranza 's birth place,
are reported to have revolted and tak-
r i . a. 4- 1.. -:ii
en possession 01 me town in 1 mit
name. Anarchy followed, the peons loot
ing nil stores. Looting is also said to
have beeu adopted by tne starving poor
of the Monclova district.
Army officers returned from the Am
erican Hues in Mexico and prominent
Mexicans arriving here declare that the
famine will soon hasten Intervention by
the United states. They brought re
ports of starving thousands of peons in
the states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Du
raogo and Honora. The Mexicans bit
ihnt fliA dn fnctn ffovent-
ment nevertheless recently exported car
TEUTON MONARCHS :
ASK BULGARIA TO
HELP FIGHT SLAVS
Czar Ferdinand Told That
Russian Success Would
Bring Rumania In
HE WOULD BE CRUSHED
BY THEM AND THE ALLIES
He Answers to Withdraw
Troops From Near Salonika
By John H. Hearley.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Rome, July 11. Kaiser Wilhclm and
Emperor Franz Josef have sent an urg
ent request of Czar Ferdinand .that he
dispatch Bulgarian troops to the Ga
licinn and Trentino fronts to help check
the Russian and Italian offensive.
This information was received from
A delegation of Austro-German mili-
tary and diplomatic officials arrived at
Sofia' Sunday, carrying the request.
They pointed out to 'the Bulgarian ruler
that continued successes for tho Rus-
siana and Italians would bring Rumania
into the war and that Bulgaria would
then be squeezed between the Rumanian
army on the north and the allied forces
ju urcece and crusaea. " ,
Czar Frdiuand replied that the with
ijhe gtcady advance of the RusBians
through southeastern Galicia has forced
4.Ant Tra!ii.n front "Th
ftve beeu TepiQCed by Croates and
ruica, .. -
. .. .. ...... ,n ,hc unBC(l.
. T?,. . .,:
; ead won
nwrly M the ,orrito,y occupied
by the Austrians in their drive, mougu
the concentration of 2,000 Austrian guns
of heavy calibre has impeded their ad
vance. Bethlehem Steel
Loses Part of Plant
Wilmington, Del., July 11. Fire of
unknown oriirin destroyed a large cast-
. ,, , 1 . , .
' incr limine at the shell loading plant ot
the Bethlehem Hteel corporation below
Newcastle, uei., louay. uniy hid urnUi
of two nre companies from Wilmington
prevented the fire from spreading to
tne other buildings.
The destroyed building contained
1 1 9nn ,,n,1. f trinitrotoluol, used in
1 ... . .... v.... ! tin,.
'narrow escapes from death.
PI111U IlltMl IU IMC UUUBC Ub llic Hutu .
loads of beans and other foodstuffs It.
Because the government confiscated
all food supplies while bandits raided
farms and ranches, there was little
planting this summer in the norther,,
section of Mexico, the Mexican arriv
The recent Carranza currency issue Is
quoted nt about two ceuts on tho dollar,!
dusiiitn threats of imprisonment and .
ico merchants have closed their stores
in preference to accepting this cur
rency. Disorder In Chihuahua.
Kl Taso, Texas, July 11. Persistent
reports of Mexicans flocking to Villa's
standard culminated today in an uncon
firmed rumor that nevernl hundred Car
ranza troops withdrew from the Chi
huahua City garrison to join Villa's col
umn in the Parral district.
Disorders followed in the Chihuahua
capital, the report stated.
Carranzista officials here and in
Juarez emphatically denied all rumors
of revolt iu the ranks of the de facto
Restoration of friendly relations be
tween Washington and Mexico City was
reflected today in the shipment of three
carloads of hay and grain through
Juarez over the Mexico Northwestern
railroad for General Pershing's forces.
When war between the two govern
menta appeared imminent recently the
Carranzista authorities closed the Mex
ican railway liue to such shipments for
- tho American punitive expedition
This Is For Purpose of Estab
lishing Fact She Is Not
ALLIES WOULD HAVE HER
PLACED IN THIS CLASS
Will Try to Prevent Her
Recognition by America
Washington, July .11. That
the great Herman U-boat Dcut
schland is a merchantman, was
the report made to the treasury
and state departments today by
Captain Hughes, United Htatea
Navy 'and CuBtoms - Collector
Ryan, wao examined, the ship
so officials should establish her
status, it was announced at the
state departmtent . this after
noon. The text of the report by Collector-Ryan
','Iu company with Captain .
Hughes, I have made a thorough .
inspection of the Dcutschland.
All spaces except those occupied i
by cargo and, oils were visited..
There, is no evidence that this
ship is armed or can be armed .
.without . extensive ' ' structural
changes. I reaffirm my state- .
ment of yesterday that this ship .
is a commercial ship, A com-
Slete report will be mailed to- '
ay., ' . r ,.. .41
(Signed) " WILLIAM HYAN.V"
By Carl D. Groat, ,j
. (United Press staff correspondent.) '
Baltimore, Md., July 11. With no re
strictions upon them, Captain Hughes,
I!. 8. N., and customs men, boarded th
big German super-submarine Deutsch
land this afternoon to inspect her for
armament. This action was taken upon
S emission of Hnnager Hilken of tha
cean Transportation company, after
Captain Koeulg, commander, had
agreed the men could learn no secrets
o'f the vessel's construction and that
they ought not to be hampered if they
carried government credentials.
Thoir inspection was at the instance)
of the state department wmcn nau sug
gestions from the allies that it was im-
prnper to harbor the ship as a merchaat
United States authorities here,
well as the Dcutschland 's consignees,
felt Hughes' technical inspection would
reveal what they had already adjudged
that the vessel is unarmed and strict- .
ly a peaceful merchantman, entitled to
prvlleges and protection in American,
Manager Hilken of the Ocean Trans
portation company, owners of the Deut
schland, announced this forenoon 4hat
personally he objocts to Captain Hughes
examining the ship, He will not deeiito
to refuse him permission to enter the)
vessel, however, until Hughes presents
himself and Hilken has had opportunity
to confer with Captain Hinch, superin
tendent of transportation.
Is Closely Guarded.
The enormous deop sea rover still lay
under strictest guard at her pier on th
outskirts of the city today. oioiui
armed Germans, reinforced by city po-
:. . xi.t ti. ... v; ..... WAM
. to it that the cunous wer
"P "V. "
t . . .1 ' i T.otn f.Avmasn
ted nearby ,1'. dep.r-
ture with her rubber and nickel cargo
wna still kent secret and will be.
In this connection, the story went
1 11. t irln.,J mov innil nvtr mnu motor
1 patrols and some 01 nor uik
dashes out to sea from tne rainparo
river. Rumor had it, too, that British
cruisers are already concentrating be
yond the three mile limit. ;
l aptain js.oenig, nowevrr, omj
(Continued on Page Four.)
night and Wed
nes day fair;
S3 . V