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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 3, 1916)
Editorial Page of "The Capital Journal"
Julv .1. IHlii. '
CHARLES H FISHES,
Editor and Manager.
PUBLISHED EVERY EVEXIXG EXCEPT SUNDAY, SALEM, ORKCOX, BY
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
L B. BARNES. C1IAS. II. FISHER.
DORA C. ANDRESES,
Sec. and Trens.
Daily by carrier, per year
Daily by mail, per year
FCLL LEASED. WIRE TELEGRAPH REPORT
New York, Ward-Lewis-Williuiiu Special Agency, Tribune Building
Chicago, W. H. kitockwel 1, People's liua Building.
The Capitnl Journal enrrier boya are instructed to put the papers on the
porch. If the carrier does not do this, misses you, or i.eglectg gettitng the
paper to you on time, kindly phone the circulation manager, as ;his U the only
way we can determine whether or not the carriers are following instructions.
Phono Main 81 before 7:30 o'clock and a paper will bo sent you by specinl
messenger if the carrier has missed you.
BRINGING HOME THE "PORK"
The following conclusive argument in favor of the
location of a naval base at the mouth of the Col'imbia
near Astoria, appeared in yesterday's Oregonian ;
"Why Id Clinmbcrluiii worry about n naval base at the month of the
Columbia' River.' Why worry al t' anything .' He wan triumphantly re
elected in lit 14, ami hi' loe not come up for reelection for four years. Hy
that time the naval base will be forgottenho hopes. Hut the euse of
Hcnator Lane in. or ought to be diffeient. lie must stand tor re-election
year after next. When lie considers that it is quite the fashion in Oregon
to elect Democratic senators on the basis of things promised mid hoped for
and nut on the record of service rendered, he, too, may well cheer up"
The Oregon .senators may or may not favor the estab
lishment of a naval base at Astoria. There may be good
reasons for opposing it, although Lane has introduced a
jnaval base bill and Chamberlain is quoted as saying he
is doing what he can to pass it but that is to be expected.
United States senators at best are only human and if they
had good reasons for opposing the move would no doubt
lack the courage to follow their honest convictions.
Portland and Astoria papers are abusing the officials
of the navy because they refuse forthwith to establish a
naval base at the mouth of the Columbia river. They
are also hammering away at the Oregon delegation be
cause they do not influence the officials to take such a
step, charging that they lack enthusiasm in the cause.
This is only another illustration of "pork barrel" ideas
of government expenditure of funds. What is wanted by
the promoters of this naval base scheme is not so much
the naval base but the money it will cause to be expended
in the Columbia river territory for the establishment and
maintainance of this base. They do not stop to think
that it is the wise and patriotic duty of American citizen
ship to allow the army and navy officials to work out a
broad and general plan for defense and offense, in case of
war, and place the army posts and naval bases where
they will best serve the purpose intended. If Astoria is
the proper place for a naval base the officials will no doubt
select that site as their plans for the greater navy are
developed. If not they should not be hammered by abuse
and unjust criticism, into making a selection that is
Secretary Daniels has suggested that the mouth of
the Columbia might be a desirable site for a submarine
base, which would seem a logical and sensible idea. The
principal naval base on the Pacific coast undoubtedly
should be located near San Francisco bay, its most im
portant and central port, and two or three submarine
bases to the north and south would afford ample protec
tion to the coast, since the European war has proven the
important part the submarine will play in ocean warfare
of the future.
But the Astoria and Columbia river realty boomers
are after the "pork" and they are going to bring it home
if they can. The so-called "naval base commissioner"
sent on to Washington candidly admitted before the
chamber of commerce of one of the Willamette Valley
cities that he was .working first of all for his own
financial interests. Now he is abusing the Oregon sen
ators through the press because he alleges they are not
showing sufficient enthusiasm in the big real estate boom
scheme. It is another treasury raid under the alluring
pretense of national preparedness and the country
might as well begin to be prepared for an epidemic of
And while on the subject of the "pork barrel" in fed
eral appropriations, it might be well to speak of another.
When they are right here at home we can understand
them better. Representative McArthur informs the
Portland papers that he hopes to secure $1,000,000 for an
automobile loop road around the .base of "Mount Hood to
connect with the Columbia river scenic highway. Great
public necessity isn't it?
If this or a similar item was included in Florida's
share of the congressional treasury raid the Oregonian
would howl "pork" long and loud now it will have only
words of commendation for McArthur if he succeeds in
bringing home a million dollars worth of pork.
It was always that way probably it always will be
but the people may rest assured that national, state,
county and municipal expenditures will continue to
boost tax levies just as long as we only cry "pork" and
"graft" when the other fellow gets it. If we are not
willing to bring the matter of economy home to ourselves
and our locality, extravagance and graft will be the rule
in the disbursing of public funds in the future just as it
has been in the past.
In Night Schools
Congressman Sinnott, who hails from The Dalles, and
represents Oregon most ably, has probably found a solu
tion of the jack rabbit pest. Nick learned that there was
a scarcity of rabbit fur among the hat makers, and as he
came from a section where the wind splitting jack rabbit
most did congregate, conceived that as nothing was
created in vain perhaps the fur of the jacks would fill
the long "felt" want. He sent a number of the hides to
the hatters and Saturday he was furnished a brand new
Feodora, grey in color and soft and fine of texture. He
wears it with that charming grace natural to his six
foot four frame and naturally puts it above most of the
hats in congress, and where it will be seen of all men
through their representatives. It is hoped the jack rab-
I bit has at last been found of some use, as this will soon
eliminate him and remove a real pest. Not that the
ranchers will kill him, but so soon as the measly things
are found to be of some value it will follow as does night
the day, that something will happen to kill them off.
Disease and pests tackle everything useful to man, and
avoid any and everything that is useless. It is quite likely
this will be the case with the despised jack rabbit. If he
is any account his fate is sealed.
A cartoonist has all kinds of special privileges. He
can say things in a "picturesque" way that if a poor devil
of a newspaper man put the same ideas conveyed by the
cartoons in print he would be mobbed. In Sunday's Ore
gonian, for instance, Cartoonist Reynolds shows the
Oregon boys arriving at the front, falling down and
pretty nearly stepping on themselves while down. Ore
gonian subscribers will smile as they look at this; but
suppose some newspaper should say that the Oregon boys
were so awkward and so poorly drilled that they fell
down when performing their evolutions; or made allus
ion to the many other things that could be inferred from
the cartoon? If the office escaped wrecking and the
editor being presented a coat of tar and feathers both
would be in luck. ' r
Whether or not the tariff is made the main issue in
the coming campaign, it is that, and that only, that is be
hind the strenuous fight to be made against Wilson, and
for the securing of a majority to the senate. With a
republican senate and president the fight would then be
concentrated at the next election on an effort to secure a
majority in the house. With this once accomplished the
Underwood tariff would be repealed, and in all prob
ability, the eastern manufacturer would again be privil
eged to levy a tax upon the balance of the country.
Secretary Aguilar makes one strong point in his
answer to President Wilson's note and that is "That if
the United States with its forces scattered along the Rio
Grande cannot stop bandits raiding across the border,
how can it blame Mexico for being unable to prevent
them so doing?
Now come the weather sharps of the east and order
up rain for the Fourth. While this may be all right and
strictly within the scope of the federal officeholder, it
strikes us that like suffrage it should be left for each
i state to settle for itself.
The heavy rains in eastern Oregon it is expected will
cause a bumper wheat crop. Outside of the loss of life
the damage done by the cloudburst in Hay Creek canyon
was more than compensated in Morrow county by the
The Oregonian wonders if Portland will ever hear the
last of Commissioner Bigelow's city woodpile. Can't say
as to that, but it is pretty certain it has seen the last of it.
LADD & BUSH, Bankers '
CAPITAL ...... $500,000.00
Transact a General Banking: Business
Safety Deposit Boxes
'SAVINGS DEPARTMENT .
Here's the presidential race we have long been wait
ing for, and its roorbacks will displace tiresome stories
of the war. We are tired of death and blood, and we turn
with great relief, to the yarns of Mr. Mudd,
who would be the nation s chief. Sleuths
are busy laying bare all the things he ever
did; whiter, daily, grows the hair under
neath that statesman's lid. For he thought
7 j his foolish acts were forgotten, long ago;
J but the sleuths dig up the facts, make of
them a public show. Correspondents, on
his trail, strive to show, in language tense,
that he served a tetrm in jail, having
swiped a widow's fence. Affidavits, by the
ton, written down by trenchant pens, will
declare he got his mon, with a lantern, stealing hens.
Anecdotes of Europe's strife will seem flat, absurdly tame
when we take a statesman's life, and dissect and shred the
same. Lret the slogan gayiy sound, let the hewgag hover
near; there'll be lots of fun around, in this presidential
In approximately twO cities and
towns, located in 4."i states of the un
ion, the public school authorities, in
cooperation with the bureau of natur-
alization ot the l S. department of
labor, established evening schools for
the instruction of their foreign-born..
pupiuanon. Jii ail ot tuese cities and
towns the intention is to reopen the
"iji'it schools at the beginning of the
fall term. Advices have been received
from other places where, for one reas
on or another, they have as yet been
unable to join in this movement, that
the public school authorities have de
termined to open nignt schools for al
ien instruction at the beginning of the
next scholastic year.
Great results have already been ac
complished and greater are expected.
The bureau of naturalization since the
1st of last October has sent the names
of approximately 20(1,000 candidates
for citizenship ami their wives to the
public school authorities of the coun
try. It has also sent personal letters
to all of these to induce them to en
ter tiie public schools It has prepared
an outline course in citizenship, thous
ands of copies of which have beea
sent to public school tiuchers. Jt has
also prepared a sylliilms of the natur
alization law, which it has sent out,
with copies of preliminary naturaliza
tion forms, to aid teachers in the in
struction flf fltllliill,tlu fnr ..ItivAi.ul.:..
The cooperation of tho public schools I
wmi tne national government has I
rome to stay, ami the next scholastic I
year will show a tremendous increase
all over the country.
The bureau of naturalization has
perfected its plan for a 'citizenship
convention of the public school teach-'
ers, superintendents and other promi
nent educators ot the t inted States,
which will be held in this citv durinci
the week beginning July 10 for thei
purpose of exhibiting the' results of the) -work
of the foreigners iu the night A
schools throughout the country audi
formulating a complete course of cit-j
izenship instruction, bused upon the
outline course and upon the studies
and experiences of the public school!
teacners.- A large and representative
attendance is assured.
ASTORIA PROUD OF ADAIR
A thrill of pride mingles with the
sting of sorrow when we recall the
last act and dying words of Lieutenant
Henry 11. Adair, Astoria s hero and
the first Oregon man to give his life
in the war with -Mexico. All Oregon
should do honor to his memory which
should be made perpetual by the erec
tion of a permanent memorial at soaie
point on tiie" Columbia highway where
all Oregon bight shale it, Clatsop
county claims him as a child. Astoria
claims him as a high school student.
Portland claims him us a voting man.
He belongs to all Oregon, he is Ore
gon's contribution to national life
what could be more fitting thun that
all people of his home state, should
pay tribute to his heroic character by
raising a monument in his honor And
the movement should be started in As
toria. With undaunted courage Lieu
tenant Adair fought to the last and
when he fell mortally wounded his
last thoughts were of dutv. "Go on
sergeant," he said to the man sent for
ammunition who would have paused
his errand to make easier the last
minutes of his dying commander, "do
on, sergeant! Ihese simple words
should be engraven en eternnl stone
just as they are engraven now in the
minds and liearts or his tellow citizens
whose service he fell fighting on
tho field of battle.
GERVAIS NEW CHARTED ADOPTED
At the special citv election held'
Tuesday, .Tune 27, lttlti, tor the adop
tion of a new churter, the measure was
ratified by a majority of .11 votes. The
vote was not as large ns was looked
for on a measure of this kind, tlier.? be
iug only 77 votes cast, 54 for and 'JT
against. It was a very quiet election.
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You have some cherished
business plans which require
the viewpoint, perhaps the finan
cial support of a conservative and
resourceful bank. This bank, in its past
history, has assisted many business men
and others, in putting worthy and
well-conceived plans into effect. C It
adheres always to the policy of capital
izing no business enterprises; that is
quite apart from the objects of a
T Its officers are always glad of an oppor-M-i
tunltp to discuss the ways in which this
bank can assist in carrying legitimate,
well-matured business plans.
UNITED S TATES NATIONAL BANK
Member Federal Reserve Banks,
JULY 4th .
Special Program has '
Concert hv Band at 10:00 a. m.
Patriotic Exercises at 10:u0 a. m.
Declaration road by Hon. R. A. Benzell.
Oration by Rev. E. T. Simpson.
Foot Races for cash prizes 1:20 p. m.; Boat and Swimming Races,
Tug of War, Tennis Tournament, Preparedness Parade, Plu-Cgly
Parade S p. in., Xavnl Battle, Dance at Rod and Gun Club Half.
Trains In Each Direction
Leave Albany 7:30 a. m. Leave C'orvallis 8:05 a. m.
Leave Albany 12:5o p. ni. Leave t'orvallis 1:40 p. m.
Returning leave Newport 7:05 a. m. and 0:00 p. m.
Low Round Trip Fares
On Sale July 1, 2, 3 and 4; Return July 5th.
Ask local agent for information or w'rito
JOHN M. SCOTT, General Passenger Agent, Portland, Oregon
SOUTHERN PACIFIC LINES
There Is No Better
CAPITAL JOURNAL WANT ADS BRING YOU RESULTS.
Always Watch This Ad Changes Often
Btrictly correct weight, tqoare 4tl and kigkert prices for all kiada of
junk, metal, robber, kidet ud fare. I pay 2V4a per pound for eld rvrs.
Big itock of all tiwi aecond hand incubator. All kind corrugated T
iron xor com reou ana punning jtoonng paper and ascend knad
H. Steinback Junk Co.
The Houne f Salt a Million Bargain.
108 Kortk Commercial It, Phee Ml
MM Ml MM M !