Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, June 27, 1916, Image 1

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00 HOT Mil1-1
&unt On Pressure ft
latiii America Preveafe I
Intervention I
IPershbg's Concentra&ig of
Forces Awakens Hops
of Withdrawal
Mexico City, June 2". The charge
'hat tlii1 I'nirec. States is attempting to
i.eek a pretext for intervention in Mex-
ivo is male by Foreign Secretary Agui-
4 1 r in a message to tlie Latin-American
"Apparently the American govern
irovernment, without adequate reasons
for declaring war on Mexico, wishes to
Make hostilities inevitable," wired the
oreign secretary. "Mexico should win
or succumb with dignity."
An earlier communication sent to the
! .utin-Ainerican republics last night de
clared that the United States is concen
trating forces against the Mexican
border and that war appears inevitable.
" J he Mexican people are ready to
defend their sovereignty and independ
ence at tiny cost of blood and destruc
tion of their welfare," said the com
n.iuiiicatii.n. "The Mexican government
I irmly believes that the attitude of the
A.mericnn government is not in accord
once with its friendly protests to the
fan-American republics, that the acts
Hgainst Mexico affect ull other oona
Vies of this continent and the friendlv
lies that bind them at this moment and
ciiould bind them in the future."
Think It Means Withdrawal.
Mexico City, June 27. Evacuation of
f-nn Oeronimo nnd Baehinivn by Amer
ican troops who moved northward
; roused high hopes here today that
President Wilson is preparing to with
draw General Pershing's expedition
f com Mevien.
The war department gave no explana
tion of the move. A telegram from
Ccncrnl Trevino announcing the evocu
oiion and declaring his purpose to nt
t ick the Americans if they attempted
to renccupy the towns, was given out.
Notwithstanding statements in Amer
ican newspapers that war is imminent.
strong optimistic sentiment persists
nong Mexican leaders. They are count
ing upon the pressure of other Latin
American countries nnd the fear of a
breach in the commercial relations be
tween Latin-America nnd the United
Sintos to induce President Wilson to
move cautiously. The newspapers print
reports that the people of all southern
' ountries sympathize with the Mexicans
i'i the present crisis. South American
diplomats, the papers report, all regard
Hie maintenance of the American ex
pedition on Mexican soil as a flagrant
puliation of Mexican sovereignty and
believe that the establishment of a
border patrol would prevent bandit
Americans continue to arrive here
from interior points, but it is learned
that several who went to Vera Cruz
i-.st weel; contemplate returning to
Mexico City.
Messages pledging General Carranza
H'pport have begun to pour iuto the
epital. Some are from leaders of. full
Wooded Indians. Entire quiet prevails
lore and there is little indication, ex
cept in the press, of any grave interna
tional situation. The Mexican people
ncnernlly refuse to believe a serio-is
crisis is at hand.
George Wadiin-tod never told a lie,
He wuz lso A poor business m-in. Miss
Tawney Appie ig almost ugly enough t'
ia a tfood stenographer.
Brave Trooper Refuses to
Leave Adair, Who Died
la His Arms
Made Troopers Leave Him to
Save Themselves, But
Finally Reached Aid
Field Headquarters, via radio to Col
umbus, X. M., June 27. Captain Lewis
S. Morey of Troop K, of the Tenth'
cavalry, the sole officer to survive the
fight with Carrauzista forces uear Car
rizal, today sat on the edge of his bunk
in the thatched hut that is the head
quarters of the American forces and
told an attentive group of fellow of
ficers the dotnils of the first real trag
edy of this campaign.
Cnptnin Morey had spent the night in
the hospital after his arrival here by
automobile late Sunday afternoon. To
dny with his blood stained Bhirt remov
ed and his body refreshed nnd cleaned,
he was able to be about camp with his
left shoulder, through which a nnuiser
bullet passed, swathed in bandages.
He first visited General Pershing,
thn visited the regiment in what will
probably be one of the most remarkable
reunions of the campaign.
As he walked through the company
streets, flanked by tents nnd curiously
woven brush huts, quarters that men
and officers have built, there was no
cheering, no music, but from each group
he passed some officer with eager face
stepped forth ami grasped Captain
Morey 'a unmanned hand, exclaiming:
"Glad you're back. Congratulations."
Those were simple words, but they were
fervent, for no man of this command
had believed Captain Morey would ever
be with them ngain.
Officers Died Like Men.
Captain Morey told his story slowly,
with superb restraint and modesty. He
blamed no one, drove no conclusions and
offered no suggestions as. to what should
have been done.
He udded little to the tale of the
fight except to say that Captain Boyd
and Lieutenant Henry Adan- died like
men and that, in the firing That follow
ed the Mexicnr attack, the Carranzistas
seemed to be centering their fire on the
white soldiers.
Captain Morey's troop was on the
right final: when the "ball opened,"
as he expressed it, and he could follow
the charge of Troup C under Captain
Boyd nnd Lieutenant Adair only to the
fringe of brush into which men nnd
horses disappeared.
"Men of Troop C tell me," he said,
"that Lieutenant Adair died in an ir
rigation ditch with his head held by a
non-commissioned officer. There was
water in the ditch and Adair would
have pitched forward into it had he noi
been supported. I understand th non
commissioned officer left Adair in 'he
ditch at his order and went forward
toward Carrizal. Looking back, he saw
; Adair w ith glazed eyes nnd his tot-mi
wobbling against the sides or the ditch.
! So he went back and stayed with him
until lie died.
Boyd Killed in Cliargs.
j "Cuptuin Boyd was killed when his
troop made a rush for the Iren-ii in
. which the Carranzistas had machine
guns. Just how he died I do not know.''
! Morey told how his own small de
tachment, fighting on their - bellies,
withdrew until Morey, wounded in the
shoulder, found himself with sovou men
'behind an adobe wall near a dry water
j hole offering protection from bu'.ii ts
i but not from the sun.
"Three hundred yards to the south
were the Carranzistas, some mounted
mid somo afoot, fighting nnd yelling as
they advanced, emboldened by the
Americans' retreat.
"When I got behind the wall." re
sumed Morey, "I told the men I pur
posed to stay there. Those who wished
to go, I told to go."
Four men, including one who was
wounded, elected to try to escape and
Captain Morey said he saw them ascend
a hill -stretching away to the north.
"I never saw men act so strangely,"
said C'aptuin Morey. "They did not run
or seem to exert themselves in any war.
They simply moved away up hill as if
dazed (uid by doing go probably saved
us. We who remained behind the wall
noticed Carranza horsemen riding out
to flank them. It was apparent that
some of the Carranzistas had seen us
take refuge behind the wall and not
ing four trying to escape went in pur
suit, leaviug us unmolested."
Lay All Day In Sun.
Morev and three black troopers lay
in that hole behind the wall all the long
est day of the year without water while
the enemy boat the country on all aides.
Night came on and with it a drop in
temperature. Under the stars the
wounded officer and his men started
' (Continued on Patfe Seven.)
kitY tj t' ' v'; t i 2.- '
' I ; ' lib V " ; - - 1 !l -' s , ' ' j
iV jlV .... 'V-. 0 m
The Capital Journal will keep
track of the movements of the
National Guard truin bearing
Company M from Camp
Clackamas to tho Mexican
boiler this afternoon, and ar
rangements have been mnde to
have the big whistle at the
l.oju plant give notice half
an hour before the train reaches
Stilem. It is expected here at
0:30 o'clock.
SS 3C 3jc 3C 3C jc
Advices received here are to the ef
fect that the troop train bearing the
Third battalion, of which Company M
is a unit, will leave Camp Withycouibe
at Clackamas at o:.!0 o clock this after
noon for Uort Kosccrnns, San l)ie:;o.
Southern rncitic otticials state that the
train will pass through Salem about
Tl... t.uin will v..,,,.,;,, Iww.r r.,r 111
minutes, lonir enouL'h for friends to nay
! their respects nnd tor tho ovation :t is
i planned to give the boys. The Salem
! Military band will turn out for the oc
i ension. i
Special police will be detailed to linn
I die the crowds, especially as there will
; be a roped off space through which
relatives will be allowed to pass uud
greet the boys. No soldier will be per-1
niitted to leave the train. All puek'ig.'.-r j
must be properly tagged or addressed, j
These w ill be placed in the baggage car j
and distributed among the soldiers after:
the train leaves. (
A number of relatives and friends of I
the soldiers plan to bring lunches,
or other gifts for the soldiers. Mrs. S. I
C. Dyer and Mrs. Fred Bynon will be
at the depot to take care of the.se and
see that they are delivered promptly.
All those contemplating sending any
thing to the troops should get in touch
with Mrs. Dver or Mrs. Bvnon, and
have their packages at the depot by 5
o'clock. '
A train consisting of tourist sleep-
ers, standard sleepers for the officers,
and baggage cars has been ready to re-
oeive the men for several days, the
Southern Pacific having anticipated a,
rush order for rolling stock. On the
wny south the troops will live aboard
the train, their food being prepared by
the company cook.
Any equipment that has not yet been
supplied to the men will be issued v.hni
they arrive at their destination. At
this time also, examinations which ha
been but pnrtlv completed will be fin-
ished. Several of the men have bon
ordered to have their teeth attended to
end these will will receive attention in
Orders Are Received.
i Camp WitbycoBibe, C'lackamai, Ore.,
Regimental hcuulquarters, machine gun
and supply compauics, sanitary troops,
and the entire First battalion will move
Thursday. Troop A, cavalry, will 'cnve;
Friday. '
ti... frt.:..i l..,nl: ...l.l ..,
Major Carle Abrams, of Salem, consists
at e.imtinniea T rit Wimdhiirn K of Pnr.
vallis, I. of M. Miuaville and M of Su -
lem. This was probably the first en-
tire battalion in the country to be then asked the colonel to meet aim ui
musteraed in. dinner.
The four companies tore up camp The steering committee of the n:i
early today. Their supplies were packed tional committee, headed by Murray
in cars, rushed here from Portland. Crane, wiw to see Hughes this nt'to
Officers did not stop to issue new ' noon. It was believed possible that nn
uniforms or guns, which arrived yester- nmineement of the choice of a national
day in four express cars from the Fort chairman might be made at that time.
Mason arsenal. The work of giving I George W. Wickersham, James W.
physical examinations and drilling newiFordney. of Michigan, and Congressman
recruits was dropped after Captain Wil
liams received orders indicating that '
the unediate presence ot more troops
on the border was imiierntive. The nuis-
tir 1 ii i A ri Hi n lt n ii1 hyii in i n i n it will Iia
concluded after the troops reach their
stations alonu the Mexican border.
Tt ...j ,.lnn..,l i , il,,. fii-uf nf
Oicl'ou 's militia Thursday, but the re-
(Continued on oage two)
Combined Offensive Now
Being Made By the Allies
to Test Teuton Resources
By Ed L. Keen. I
Press staff correspondent.) I
June 27. Germany believes!
the "big push" is about to begin.
Teutons are feverishly reinforcing
their lines in northern Franco and
plunders ns British guns
continue n
the whole
steady pounding against
fro.it from Ypre to the Homme. Spe
cittlly constructed railway cars are cr-
ryiug heavy artillery to the front of
the Bavarian crown prince, Amsterdam
dispatches reported today. Several
trainloads have passed through l.on-
The London public Is awaiting eager-
ly for first nows of the expected smash,
Paris end Home newspapers today join-
ed in the belief that the allied super-
offensive is getting under way.
"The hour of action has come," said
tho Paris Matin. " Attack succeeds de-
fenso on many fronts."
Both in Home and Paris the prospects
of a combined offensive on all fronts
are being received with rejoicing. Paris
critics believe, the first stroke against
'he German lines by the British in
northern France will cauie the abandon-
meat ot the Oermaa drive on erdun.
Enthused over General Cadorua'al
Scenes similar to those pif.tur- here
with have been taking pluce all over
Oregon ns the national guard answered
the call of the president for possible
service in Mexico. No. 1 ' shows a
militiaman, already in line with his
comrades, taking leave of h'13 sweet
heart. No. 2, a company of militia
men iiiarehiiiir to state camp. Nos. 3
and 4, militiamen pitching their tentu
and leaving train at state camps. No.
1 was tuken in New York city and the
others at Camp Whitman, Beekman,
New York.
Colonel Invited to
KneWith Hughes
NftW Turk, June 27. Colonel Rooae
volt w ill dine with Charles E. Hughes,
republican presidential nominee at the
Astor here tomorrow night. No other
guests have been invited by Hughes
and his first meeting with the former
p))9ivc jOIjor wm i,0 strictly priv-
; It is understood that Colonel Soose
I v..ll tulenlionpd Hul'llCH Inst niffllt oft
: er receiving Hughes' letter suggesting
that they meet at an early date. HurM
K. W. Austin, ot lennessee,
tliinliea puller toilnv. FordlieV
Hughes he would carry Michigan byi.Wn Pershing in the drive against
150 000
' ' i
I William S. Walton of this city and
i Harriet K. Hargrove today secured a
m iriune. li me A license was also
issued to Prof. Charles L. 'Sherman and
Miss Grace K. Thompson of Willamette
I University.
sweeping gains against the Austrians,
the Italian cnpital is awaiting news of
the capture of Arisero and other posi-
1 tions lost to the enemy in the early days
' of the Austrian offensive,
I On the eastern front the Russians
have started taoin tin tin un tin unun
i have entered the Carpathian pnsse
leading into Transylvania. There is no
confirmation from Petrograd of Koine
reports that Transylvouia has been in
vaded, but thus fur there lias been no
indications that the Austrians were pre -
poring for a staad on the southwest.
Airship Attack Navy.
' Paris, June 27. Three French oro
planes, armed with cannon recently pro
vided by the war office hurled 65 shells
on German ships off the coast of Bel
gium yesterday, the war office an
nounced today.
Further progress for French troops in
the region of Thiaumont works, north
east of v erdun, was also announced.
advance near the fortifications!
wag made in the course of violent night
fighting which spread to the region of
Fleury village. The situation at tho vil
(Catlnu4 ea Pig Six.)
12,000 Now En Route to
Texas and 9,000 to Fol
low at Once
$10,000,000 TO BE SPENT
Pershing Shortens Base Line
and Prepares to Meet
Any Attack
6nn Antonio, Texas, June 27. Gen
eral Funston is expected tn have "(1,(1110
nationnl guardsmen at his disposal along
tho border within 10 days. Twelve thou
sand are supposed to be en route to
points "somwhero in Texas' 'today.
Nino thousand others will follow im me
diately. Tho remainder will be sent ns
fust as their equipment U brought up to
the army Btandard.
Tho quartermaster's department lieie
is working night and day to hniidl) the
necessary supplies. Buildings are be
ing erected or leased at strategic points
along the border to house munitions.
Railroads are building spurs and estab
lishing yards to facilitate the handling
of these supplies.
Bids have been opened for 35,000 cav
alry and artillery horses and 20,1.00
wagons nnd pack mules. I heir total
1 ol)Hl wln )e over 10,000,000
A strict censorship ia expected to be
enforced at army hendquarters here, ei
multaneously with such a move in the
various departments at Washington.
Troop movements and militia destina
tions will be kept secret. Funston an-
1 nonnced, however, that two Illinois nnd
one Wisconsin brigade of infantry will
come to Fort Sam Houston temporarily,
to bo held here for an emergency. The
Missouri guardsmen will be distributed
along the border at once.
Fifteen hundred Mexican troops were;
reported last night to be concentrating
across the line from Naco, Ariz. They
arrived from interior points by train.
Funston announced early today that re
inforcements had been rushed to Naco,
but refused to say from what point.
Pershing Is Ready.
Paso, Texas, June 27. Oouirul
Pershing, ia removing his bnso from
Namiquipa to Cnlonin Dublau, has
checkmated any attempt by the Carran
zistas to annihilate one or more of the
separate camps strung along the former
line of communications.
Couriers arriving hero today declared
that betoro the line was shorteued and
strengthened it was tun or tug iraps,
sub-bases being 1)5 miles apart. With
five miles an hour the best speed of
the motor trucks oil the desert, a large
Carraiizisfn force, swooping down on one
of the American garrisons might have
annihilated it before aid could nrrive.
Reports from Washington that con
gressional leaders regarded war as al
most n certainty has fired the border.
Home guards have been formed in a
score ot towns tor protection against
local .Mexicans when the border patnds
arranza armies.
The border communities are preparing
receptions for the miMtiu expected to
be, quartered with them in the coming
'week. Indignation over the coming of
tt. P''lli:c commission from the American
i l'"'on Against Militarism broke out in
I street corner protest meetings here.
Dr. David Starr Jordan, first delegate
jon tho ground acknowledged he had lit
tle hope ot really attaining the object
of tho coming sessions between Amer
ican and .Mexican leaders of public
Four More Survivors
of Carrizal Battle
Columbus, N. M., June I!7. Four men
Curriziil survivors, two of whom were
in a terrible condition from lack of
water ami food, have been found and
brought back to the American lines.
Hilling by day and crawling over the
dwert ftt night, the men reported hav
ing forced Mexican peons at the point
uf guns to furnish them with water.
I 'nrranzistn, cavalry, apprised by the
Mexicans that the American troopers
were at large, scoured the country hop
ing to lake tnem prisoners. An Amer
j 'can patrol found the four survivors.
la nenrlv hours no motor trans
ports have come into Columbus from
tho front, all trucks being used for
transportation of infantry in the re
distribution of. troops by General
Pershing' orders.
Mis Sarah Ann McCaUum of Salem
nnd Harold Keith Richard of Detroit,
Mich., were married this morning at
the home of Mrs. Kwartz, 739 North
Front Btrcet bv tne Kev. R. N. Avison.
The witnesses of the ceremony were
F. l. Richard of Portland, a brother of
the groom and Miss Gladvs McCallum
a sister of tho bride. Mr. and Mrs.
Richard will make their hom? In De
President's Demand For Re
lease of Prisoners De
livered Yesterday
Mexican Secretary Told That
An Immediate Reply Is
By Robert J, Bender.
Fnited Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, June 27. President Wil
son's patience" in awaiting release of
American prisoners in Chilumhua City
is limited to hours, not days.., ;
It mny bo stated that a definite re
ply from General Carranza relative to
his attitude is expected not Inter Jhaa
tomorrow night.
The state department, has been in
formed tho president's demands we'3
delivered to Mexican Minister of For
eign Affairs Aguilar yesterday. It U
understood Consul Kodgeis suggested to
Aguilar that an "immediate, reply
was imperative.
What lies beyond this, officials will
not discuss. Tho program of possible na
tion was taken up by the cabinet to
day. It is understood, that, in tho event
of Carranza's refusal to roleanej tha.
prisoners tnken in the Carrizal battle.
President Wilson will ask congress ta
permit tiso of armed forces .of the Uni
ted States to get tho troopers.
Prisoners Free First
Cabinet officers, before going lnto
session today with President Wilson,
were determined that farrnma mnst
make quick answer to American de
mands. A limit in days or hnnrs was
not set, but members felt fWruuza,
should not be permitted more than t.w
days provided the United States nole
wns delivered to him yesterday as jn
ticipated. The first chief's attitude rouM only
be conjectured. The guesses in offie:al
quarters were that he would be r.ono
too conciliatory and that he might foroj
trouble. At any rate, Cabinet men said,
his answer is the determining e'e.ment
in the situation rather than thu indi
cation that pcrhnps American 'forces
were partly provocative of the Carrizal
battle. ;
Cnrrnnzn's refusal to release the
American prisoners in Chihunhtm Oity
or an unfriendly statement of attitude
toward future relations with the United
States doubtless would cause immedi
ate visitation of tho "gravest eonse
qnenees" which Prosident Wilson
threatened. On the other hand, com
pliance with the request that a favor
able intent toward this government be
proved will smooth out a troublous
Secretary of War Baker reported his
supplemental order cutting red tape and
permitting national guardsmen to move
mnie rapidly toward the border. His
documents showed mobilization and
troop movements satisfactory.
Secretary Lansing's report, on rejec
tion of the Bolivian mediation offer
was approved with the added decision
that the Mexican problem for the pres
ent, at least, is beyond the mediation
President Wilson is anxious to avoid
trouble with the de facto government, if
he can do so honorably. In this feeling
he has the support of the niitioo, adiniu
istrutinn men siiid today.
"In oilier difficulties there has been
a great national upheaval for war,"
said d ii ariny man today. "In this one,
however, the nation has no war spirit.
There is no upheaval and if the presi
dent can nvoid a war he will have the
country behind him."
After the cabnet session, it. was
said Carranza's reply to the United
Slates' demands had not arrived nnd
f ill no outline of it was befoM the.
administration. Should the answer
prove unsatisfactory, it is believed
President Wilson will appear before
congress at once uskin for use of tho
armed forces as he sees noensmiiy and
at the same time sending Oarrania an
ultimatum demanding the rolnae of
the American prisoners in Chihuahua.
Otticials believe Carranza's answer
may be here by niglit. At any ratei itj
was felt tomorrow night should be the
dead line" for its receipt.
- Oregon: Tot
tiight OJut Wed
nesday showers;
variable vinda,
mostly southerly.
o 5x