Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, April 07, 1916, Image 1

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PRICE TWO CLNla stands fivk ct:sts
f (
amis fir
IFarious Attacks Made In At
tempt To Gain Hold on .
Esnes Road
Crown Prince Preparing For
Terrific Smash at Bethin
court Salient
Paris, April 7. Terrific German at
tacks wore hurled against the Bethin
court salient during the night after an
artillery bombardment of almost unpre
cedented fury, the war office declared
Attempting to crush the salient's
southeastern side. Germans fought their
way into French trenches along rli
Jiethineourt-Ohattineourt h i g h w a y.
TItey were immediately ejected liv
counter attacks from all defenses will1
the exception of a section "00 yards
Unable to register further progress in
the Ilnucourt region, because of a cu';
tfin of French fire from batteries con
cealed on dominating heights, the crown
prince shifted his assault to Beth'
Court. t
A strong German column was ordered
to reach the Esnes road and cut nf
French retrent from the imperilled sa
lient. Despite their fury, the Germans
only 'succeeded in slashing their way
through barbed wire entanglements into
a front line of trenches a mile east of
the highway.
West o'f the Mouse an intermittent
bombardment . was reported. French
troops made further gains in the under
ground fighting, seizing sections of
covered communication trenches south
west of Fort Douaumont. Violent ar
tillery clashes were reported raging
on the Woevre plain.
Trench Position in Danger.
London, April fl. French positions at
Bothincourt, imperilled by the 'surrend
er of Hnneourt, were heavily bombard
ed all night and during Thursday, ac
cording to advices from the front to
day. The Germans are apparently prepar
ing to make a terrific smash at the
Uelhincoiirt salieat as the next move
against Verdun from the northwestern
wide. Only a brilliant defense saved
Bothincourt on Wednesday. Though it
is increasingly probable tliat the French
inay be forced to w ithdraw . toward
Rsnes, 7 1-2 miles northwest of the eifa
dol, no alarm is felt with regfir.i to
Arerdun itself.
Severe fighting is reported from the
British front at St. Eloi. where large
columns of Germans are hurling at
tack nftet attack. Canadian troops are
in the thick o'f the ba;:re.
Russians Near FrebUoud.
Petrograd, April 7. Russian tro..ps
me approaching Trebiznnd fwm tin
east and south, official nnnouncen-ent
today said. In an engagement to the
southward all Turks were ejected f'om
their fortified positions.
.Hussion submarines, it was declared,
destroyed n Turkish steamer and 11
calling vessels carrying coal W t'
Black sea. A Slav 'battleship, said the
war office, bombarded the Turkish
cruiser -Midnllu, formerly the German
warship Breslnu, putting 'it to flight.
(Continued 00 Paie Thr.l
You kin tell from a car window that
most farmer. are agiu preparedness.
"I might as well have bought an auto
mobile an these white spats when it
co nes t' up keep," said Miss Fawn I.ip-
j-iocut t 'day.
1 xififfi C)
J jp ySj y '
j a V"
U. of 0. Students Oppose
Candidacy of Dr. Straub
Eugene, Ore., April 7. The political
aspirations of "Dr. John Straub, deau
of men at the University of Oregon,
were crushed today by the organized
opposition of his own students. Dr.
Straub had aspired to the governorship
of the state.
Students in the school of journalism
now are editing the Eugene Daily
Guard while the regular staff takes a
vacation. In an editorial yesterday,
the Guard opposed his candidacy.
"The University of Oregon need;
John Straub," said the editorial. "The
state of Oregon needs as governor a
more practical politician"
The article paid high tribute to Dr.
Straub while rapp.ng his political
"The Body Beautiful Un
hampered by Clothes" Is
Soul Need Says Girl
Berkeley, C'al., April 7. Girl students
of the University of California flocked
today to the residence of Miss Violet
Wilson, daughter of ,1. Stitt Wilson,
former Berkeley mayor, to talk with
iier about the soul she declares she has
just found.
F.ast month Miss Wilson left the
university and went to l.os Angeles,
saying she was tired of haviag her
soul cramped by school conventions. 4,'l
on her reutrn she said she had just dis
covered that soul and was giving it n
chance to grow by wearing a dancing
costume which let it expand.
"The bodjv beuitiful," said Miss
Wilson, "only half hidden by the cos
tume, breathes vigor and strength and
beauty from nature. It is unhampered
by man made conventions, it grows.
As students we could not find expres
sion lor our souls. They were confined
by a (-amped, crowded world old ex
istence." I
Estimated at 495,000,000
, Bushels As Against 897,
000,00(Uast Year
"Washington, April 7. A reduction of
21 per cent in the price of winter wheat
as compared with what it sold for one
year ago was indicated by the depart
ment of agriculture's report today.
The average condition of winter
wheat Saturday was 7S.fi compared to
Ss.S a year ago. The average price pei
bushel is OS.G. A year ago it was l..':7.1.
In California the average wheat con
dition Saturday was 92, in Nevada ("
in Montana 85, in Inuno 14, in Oregon
!;", nnd in Washington 83.
The department of agriculture said a
small production was forecasted 1!I5.
(100.000 bushels, due partly to an 11 pei
cent reduction in ncrengo nnd a low
condition of growth caused by a wet.
cold nnt'imn giving the grain a. pocr
start. Flo d:,, lack of snow covering ti-.id
sift (o-ilributed to the decreased crop.
Far western 'sections showed the best
Paris Exchange Falls
Market Breaks At Close
New Vork, April 7. The New Vork
Evening Sun's financial review today
In marked contrast with yesterday,
which presented Utile, if any news of
more than passing interest, the street
was flooded today with important
market-wise developments. A brief
enumeration of them included the sea
son's first government crop report dis
closing the extremely low condition of
winter wheat; exchange on Pnris fell
to the lowest of the year, approxi
mating September 's depression; Mex
ican advices left, very much to be ne
sired in General Funston's reported re
quest for additional troops and intima
tions that a de facto government repre
sentative believed the expedition
should withdraw.
Overshadowing these, however, was
Washington's announcement that a
severance of diplomatic relations with
Germany over the Sussex case) would
not be unlikely.
First, prices were generally higher
with interest centering in specialties
like International Mercantile Marine,
Goodrich Tire, American Zinc, Butte
and Superior and Inldustrial Alcohol,
but the improvement was not sustained.
Before the end of the first hour re
actionary tendencies developed in the
entire list, many specialties losing a
point or more.
The early afternoon was character
ized by somewhat hysterical selling,
probably the result of an aggressive
ibear drive. Bethlehem Steel broke 22
points, American locomotive 2 3-4.
Baldwin Locomotive 2 1-4, Crucible
Steet 1 1-2, Mercantile Marin 1 3-1
i Mexican Petroleum .1, Stndcbaker 2 and
Industrial Alcohol 3.
Officials Cannot See In Light
of Events, How Break Can
Be Avoided
Ambassador Gerard Optimis
tic But Not In Touch With
Home Feeling
Washington, April 7. The United
States government ril absolutely con
vinced today thatn German submarine
torpedoed the channel steamer-Sussex,
with Americans aboard. Berlin 's state
ment of Teuton intentions is being
awaited. In the ligh? of its firm con
viction, the ndministhration does not
propose to wait long.
These facts were known as the cab
inet ministers gathden at the Whit;'
House. The evidence is declared con
elusive, although its exact nature has
not been revealed. What part the
American embassy attaches' report en
torpedo fragments found in the Sussex
wreckage may be playing in the Mti:n
tion is not known. The slate dep:vt
ment is without confirmation of Ber
lin reports that Germany desires furth
er details of the Sussex disaster before
communicating with Washington.
was hinted that such a request woo'
not be received kindly here.
The attitude here apparently is th''
Germany is expected to declare its in
tentions in the Sussex case on tue The
ory that one o'f tli'c kaiser's submarines
was responsible.
It has been indicaieit so strongly re
cently that the government is reporter'
to sever diplomatic relations if Ger
many is proven responsible for the t.t
tack. that many officials cannot see n
possibility of Berlin declaring her elf
in anv wav by which n rupture may be
Disavowal of the attacfc, promise oi
making reparation to those who suffer
ed by it and real punishment i'o-
submarine commander are I he strongest
German assurances expected by lb
most sanguine. Others are hopeful that
a settlement of the whole submarine is
sue may become possible as the price o'
continued diplomat ie relations. They be
lieve that such a settlement, conceding
all that America has contended nnd giv
ing unbreakable nssurances. would save
the crisis.
If these things are so, it is certain
that Germany must act voluntarily, and
act soon.
Gerard is Optimistic.
By Carl W. AC.erman.
(United Press' sta'ff correspondent.)
Berlin, April 7. American Ambassa
dor Gerard dries not believe the German
American situation is serious. In spite
of allied reports, be is confident that
Germany will meet the United States
with complete willingness to discuss and
settle nnv question now at issue with
regard to the five ships recently de
stroyed. Dr. Heclisher said today that the
reichstag'H tone, formerly anti-American,
had changed since Imperial Chan
cellor Von Belhmann-Hollwok's speech.
"When Germany shows her good will
to America as she does today," said Dr.
Kecksher, "adjustment of any difficul
ties is certain."
Officials believe that if the present
international "tonus are weathered the
danger of diplomatic break will have
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Situation Is Grave.
Washington, April 7. With the cab
inet considering Gorman-American re
lations for the fourth time since an al
leged submarine attack on the steamer
Sussex, uncertainty, anticipation and
solemnity were mingled in the atmos
phere of the White House today. There
is no doubt that the government will
soon announce its plan of action, but
the length to which President Wilson
may go is not known.
Secretary Lansing, when the cabinet
met, was ready to present additional
proof from both French and American!
sources in support of the cliim that a
German submarine topedoed the Sus
sex. Besides this, he had numerous dis
patches indicating that the kaiser had
embarked on a new submarine cam
paign regardless of bis assurances given
America months ago.
The situ ltion 'm seriousness was re
flected in the absolute official seerec
which shrouded every move. Conferenc
es in which President Wilson, Secretary
Lansing and Colonel K. M. House par
ticipated were not discussed. Data
throwing light on recent undersea boat
activities was not disclosed.
It was understood that the adminis
tration through a spirit of courtesy
would not jet until Ambassador Gerard
in Berlin reported the German position.
The matter will not, however, be per
mitted to drnw on indefinitely, accord
ing to general belief.
Iondon, April 7. The rich
Chinese province of Kwang
Tung of which Canton is the
capital ins declared its inde
pendence of the Yuan Shi Kai
government, according to n
lieuter dispatch from Shanghai
Fear was expressed that other
provinces would follow its ex
ample, possibly dissolving the
republic into a number of small
nations while the revolution
agiinst Yuan Shi Kai is in
It was reported that this
week's movement would split
China into two nations, a south
era and a northern. The prov
ince of Kwang Tung has an
area of 80,00!) miles and its pop
ulation is variously estimated
at from 22,000,000 to :i(),000,O00
Livestock Shot and Horses,
Barns and Granaries Are
All Burned
Saskatoon, Sasj;., April 7. A whole
family of six were wiped out in the
Wakawa -district last night when Pro
kop Mnnchure, his wife, his brother-in-law
and his thiee children were mur
dered and their home burned. Their
livestock were shot and left to perish
in the burning barns.
The crime was discovered by a neigh
bor. The alarm was sounded and a number
of neighbors gathered. It was thought
that the family had been accidentall."
burned to death during the night.
One by one the bodies were taken
from the still smoking house and it wes
vornd that a wholesale murder had t ik
e i place and that every member of th'
family had been shot down before the
house had been set on fire. The crime
i was evidently committed by a nm'hnnn
m wuose nanus tue ruio, round in tne
rums, had evidently been used.
After the murder of, the htnmm in
habitants, the miscreant directed his at
tention to the livestock of the farm.
lhree head of oxen were found out
side the barn shot dean."
.Among the buildings burned were two
gii'innries-, each containing 1,000 bush
els o'f wheat, and two barns, in one of
which, six head of horses were burmd
f. death nnd in the other two bead (
c:ltle perished.
Schools Closed to Save
Grand Mothers' Lives!
Oakland, Cab, April 7. Oakland will i
not see the usual epidemic of "grand
mother's funerals" on the day the,
Oakland team pi ivs its first game ou
the home grounds. This was assured to-
day when the board of education in
structed all school principals to permit
any student desiring to do so to leave j
school on the opening day to attend the,
"They'd all play hookey anywiy,"
saiil the director who suggested the,
plan. The Oaks open on their home)
grounds against Portland on April I.'!.
Portland, lire., April . A. H. Spnuil
of Salem. Mas-s was notified bv the
Portland school board today of his elec
tion as principal of the new comniereiMl
high school heie. lie will take ol'fbe
September 1.
With the flax plant ami the prison
school running full blast the empty
echoes of the penitentinry shops have
given way to the hum of industry, and
ommeri ial flax and element irv educa
tion are being turned out under the
suprvision of Superintendent Cady nnd
Principal 1-rank Uavey, re.-pectlveiy.
The three principal operations of
preparing I lie mix lor use is Doing car
ried out by about n hundred men ill the
flax mill." The flax is broken, scutched
ind hackled, then bound into bundles.
The breakers consist of serrated rollers
that break t rie woody covering I rum
the flax its it is fed into the machines
bv one man to eiicb machine; another
breaks the bundles uml separates them
for the feeder. Another man takes the
flax js it comes from the breaker and
piles it up 011 a table where it can be
readied by the men working ot the
scutching machines.
The scuti liing machines consist of 4
dull knives shaped like a cavalry sabre
which revolve on a shaft. The bunches
of broken flax are held agiinst these
knives which scrape the woody parts
from the fibre wliicu is tnen twisted would result irom experienced in-e m
4nd turned over to the hacklers. The bor. However, the men are being
hackles consist of huge steel spiked
nnilf.,1 to a table. The bunches
of flax are then tombed out much the!
same as nula iv eoniim out tier nair
switch. '
Tt,o'v,,wU leiv the fibres of the
flax free from tingles nnd in suitable
bunches for handling. They are then
assembled in bundles about 12. inches
Strange Men Wanted Room
Overlooking Cottage , of
Murdered Women
Murderer Made Sure They
Were Dead---Was Probably
Known by Them
Seattle, Wash., April 7. An unknown
man slept in the." observation room"
of the apartment liouse at "M 1-2 .Vest
lake avenue, on the night of. the nui'der
of Mrs. Corine Wheeler and her sis
ter. Miss Kate Swift.
This was the discovery made today
by Mrs. ,T. O. Fonts, the landlady.
The aged sisters, wno were fiun.l
dead with their heads beaten in with an
ax and a hammer, had told a neighbor,
Mrs. O. F.. Smith, that a man was watch
ing them from the apartment house
across the street.
The "observation room" was on the
third floor, directly across Hirrison
from the little liou.-j whor? t.i' Id
women horded their savings,
"On Widnesday night (tin ii'.ght rf
the murder.) n man slipped into the
-oom," said Mrs. Fonts today, ' it
ha I not been occupied in lie thnc
nicks that I have mnnaged tl.'.vphre.
"I was -surprised Thursday bi see the
;r,( slightly open. It. 'mil mt b"' n
loi'ked I stepped inside -l'ld fr.m -1 f'C
room in disorder. A man had era'
into the lied with all his clothes on. I
have no idea when he enme in or when
he left. No one saw him."
Another apartment house angle to fh'
murder mystery, was the statement by
Mrs. Font's that tin peculiar actnnr
young men. two of them wearing nvrnt
ers had applied for a room Weilinsdny
afternoon and told her they ".l,!i 't
have any money but were 31 ng to g t
rome. ' '
Men Act Queor'.y
The three men came to Iier ;t '' 'Ul p
m Wednesday, she snvs, and asked to
see a room. 'They talked "rnffly an!
when taken into a room on t'.e no-ili
lido, one of them went dirocilv to the
window and peered toward the Vni
liouse across the street where th" liters
lived. The thought occurre 1 to her then
f'-e says, that the men were planirrg
t i rob pome house in the neirH.v!.oo'l.
Th ' police put H. 8. King, the n plu w
of the victims who found the I od es. .in
iier n severe examination for .hree
hours yesterday.
"We are inclined at the present to
accept King's story as he tells it," said
Cuptain of Detectives Tennant. "He
stuck to it during the whole time."
According to the Dexter Horton bank.
Mrs. Wheeler withdrew her money from
the bank between February and July,
101,'). Her account amounted to a li tt !
more than .2,000.
Detectives working on the case point
out that the murderer wanted to make
sure that his victims were dead, because
they were unmercifully chopped with
the ax.
Hobbery could have been accomplish
ed, they sav without going to tlmt ex
in diameter and the full length of the
fibre and in this shape it is ready for
sale to the flax mills and other fac
tories that in ike linen products. The
flux that, is separated by each operation
from the first quality fibre has its uses
as tow, twine, and the short tangled
refuse is baled for upholstering furni
ture. Tho fibre flax is easily distinguished
from the seed flax by'jts coarseness
but for certain uses the seed flix fibre
is in demand and finds a ready sale al
though its primary purpose is to make
linseed oil.
"Rotten" Flax Is the Best.
It will be noted in looking over the
samples of flax now ready for sile,
that the most even colored and best
cured flax is the so called "rotten"
flax that aroused widespread comment
last winter when the flax was undergo
ing the retting process.
About 100 men arc employed in the
flax plant and not one of them ever
worked in 1 flax plant before, and as
j a result Mr. Cady is not able to put
1 out the quantity of finished flax that
j taught their new duties and next, year
when the acreage is increased to fioO
acres the plant will provide labor for
over iuu men miring mo ronre .cur
I promises to return a handsome profit
i to the state, once the industry is in
good working order, as well as opening
(Coatinuei aa Paga lhr.)
Association Agrees To
Advance Lumber Prices
Tacoma, Wash., April 7. After a sur
vey has been made to even up discrep
ancies in quotations, a general increase
of from 50 cents to $1 a thousand in
lumber prices will be made by north
west mills, it was announced today.
Sixty-three western Washington mills
were represented at a meeting held here
late yesterday to consider the question
of advancing prices. About 00 per cent
of the delegates to the meeting aro af
filiated with east coast lumbermen as
sociations. The present market is strong and de
mand good, lumbermen said. Conditions
in the industry, it was claimed, are bet
ter than in several Jears ind promise
to improve steadily.
Roosevelt Not Discussed But
He Evidently Is Not
In Favor
Chicago, April 7. United States
Senator Warren G. Harding, of Ohio,
this atteraoon was unanimously chosen
temporary chairman of the republican
national convention which meets here
in June. The republio.ui national com
mittee made the selection.
Chairman Hilles, of the republican
national committee said Theodore
Roosevelt's announcement of his can
didacy for the presidential nomination
had not entered into the short deliber
ative proceedings which preceded Hard
ing's selection as the man to deliver tho
convention's "keynote" speech.
It is believed that Hirding was ac
ceptable to both the conservative and
progressive elements in the party. Some
consdered him a compromise chairman
whose selection would conciliate iiooso
velt. Harding is here.
Hilles would not comment on Colonel
Roosevelt's candidacy. Ralph Williams,
members from Oregon said the only sur
prise in connection with Roosevelt's an
nouncement was th it it was so mild.
UaKayette Gleasoa, of New York,
made temporary secretary of the con
vention and George Mart of Roanoke,
official reporter.' ' ' ' " 1
Seventy-Third Anniversary of
Historical Event-Judge
D'Arcy to Preside
The sevenly-third anniversary of
Founders' day and the sixteenth cele
bration of the day will be observed at
Champoeg under the auspices of the
members of the Oregon Pioneer associa
tion, Saturday. May 0, 19111.
Judge P. H. D'Arcy will be president
of the day and preside at all the ses
sions. Besides the opening anil welcom
ing address of Judge D'Arcy, short
talks will be made by Governor Withy
combe and men of prominence from all
parts of the state.
The talks made at the annual Chnm
pootr celebration nr.. ra by pioneer
men and women who gather at this tirr
to tell o'f the varied experiences of their
pioneer days.
The celebration of the founding n'
Champoeg 011. May fi, 1SUI, has now In
come one of the great annual events of
the state. It will include a basket pic
nic, Racial re union nnd a 'special pro
gram with vocnl and instrumental music,
will be arranged.
This celebration is for all who are in
terested in the early history of the stato
and especially for pioneers anil their
Judge Asks County
To SueHim for $1,000
Vancouver. Wash., April 7. Superior
Judge It. If. P.lack. known as the "first
aid to rapid" wants to be sued.
In one venr Judge Black married ,100
couples, for which he received upwards
of $1,000. He doesn't know what t
do with the money. The law suys 1k
may receive no pay besides his salary.
There is no provision for turning it over
lo the slate. So Judge Black has n-'
the county commissioners to sue liim
for it.
Amsterdam, April 7. Mile.
Petit, a Belgian woman, has
$ been executed at the order of a
German court-martial, according
to the newspaper Kcho Beige to-
day. She was accused of
:jc treason.
The court-martial also sen-
fenced to death Louis De Bet-
tignies, a Belgian, but later com-
Hf muted that judgment to
imprisonment, Marie Van
Houtte anil Georges Desa F.ver
were sentenced to 15 years' im-
jjt prisonmcnt. All were charged
if with treason.
This is the Story Mexicans
Brought to General
Bell Today
Dodd Presses" South Despite
Problem of Transporting
By E. T. Conkie.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
El Piso, Texas, April 7. Prancise
Villa has gathered S!,U0O men at Parral
for a determined stand against th
American expedition, Mexicans in
formed General Boll today.
Colonel George Dodd 's advance guard
was reported ueiring I'arral. The siztt
of the Villista force surprised officials.
Tho most liberal previous estimates
credited the bandit with but a few
hundred, while if was generally believ
ed a mers handful was attending tha
wounded leader in his flight southward.
Latest reports said tho Villistas weret
poorly mounted And that they were, fre
quently compelled to hatt for rejit. If,
contrary to General expectations, Col
onel Dodd has gone so far south of tha
supporting columns as unofficial ad
vices indicate, be may overtake tho
A Carranzista garrison is supposed to
ho it I'arral, where a number of for
eigners uro believed to have remained
so that they could ho near their miuinj;
interests. Feins for their safety aro
felt. Constitutionalist troops from Chi
huahua City and Torrcon could easily
reach, i'arral by rail if they doaired
quickly to eh ilienge Villa.
General Pnblo Gonzales, just appoint
ed commander of northern Mexico by
General Obregon was reported en rout
to assume supreme coniand of the do
facto armies in their campaign against
Dodd Hot On His Trail.
8au Antonio, Texas, April 17.
Marching steadily southward in defi
ance of increasing danger to their com
munications, advanced American de
tachments were believed today to ba
near Satevo. Major General Kred
Funaton received a inessign from Ma
jor Sample, stating that Colonel Geo.
Dodd's flying cavalry had already
reached Satevo.
Colonel Brown reported from Cusi
huirac.hic th.it ho believed Francisco
Villa was hiding between Hotevo and
Santa Rosalia with the Americans " hot
on his trail." Brown's advices con
firmed tho reports of an engagement at
Ojo Calientes. He indicated tint close
American pursuit may force. Villa into
a narrow strip of cituutry walled in by
Carrnn.ist is on the south and by
United States troops from Satevo. Car
ranz.is.tu reports said de facto govern
ment soldiers were advancing along the
railroad south of Chihuahua City.
General FuiiHton and members of his
staff were optimistic, today, in marked
contrast to their recent lion communica
tive attitude, fc'unston spoke reassuring
of the prospect of capturing Villa.
flf Colonels I.Hdd and Brown ar
holding the trail which leads to I'arral
it is evident that they are disregarding
tho supply i t ii it inn. The trail is a
mcro winding path, skirting canyons
and fraught with many grave daugers.
As Parral was said to be Villa's ob
jective, it is not improbable that tho
Americans decided on n quick dusli to
bring him to luy if possible.
"Going To Get Villa."
By Carl I). Groat.
f United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Wasiiintgon, April '!. We are going;
to get Villa!
This was the official word that went
out today. If there is any contemplat
ed change in this purpose it exists so
far in President Wilson's mind alone,
and has not been communicated to men
in charge of the American expedition.
Mono could prophecy, however, how
long the task would be.
"You might as well ask 'how king is
piece, of string!' " said one army of
ficer. Yet he has repeatedly voiced
confidence that die Americans will
catch Villa.
Under the surface t ilk to the effect
that Carranni might demand withdraw-
( Continued on Pago Seven.)
Oregon: Fair
tonight and Sut
ii r d a y; I i g h t
frost tonight
east portion;
easterly winds.