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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (April 4, 1916)
OVER 4000 DAILY
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THIRTY-EIO II YEAR
DRIVE DEFENDERS OU
Teuton Shells Have Crumbled Trenches and Wrecked Many
c Batteries On Hill 304 French May Be forced To
1 Evacuate This Stronghold Plan To Take Bethincourt
and Smother Lines to the West Crown Prince Sacrifices
Thousands In Vain Attempt at Verdun
London, April 4. Massed German batteries on three
sides of Bethincourt are giving French positions a ter
rific bombardment today, and it is feared the defenders
will soon be forced to evacuate their strongholds. .
French successes at Vaux village and the surrounding
country were not sufficient to offset the German gain on
a two mile front northwest of Verdun. French positions
west of the Meuse are believed to be seriously endangered.
A heavy artillery battle continued during the whole
of yesterday on the entire sector northwest of Verdun.
For a week the Germans have been shelling Hill H04. It
is the keystone of the outer defenses in that district. Teu
ton shells have crumbled its trenches and wrecked the
French batteries stationed there.
Indications are that the Germans plan to take Bethin
court and smother French lines to the west under an over
whelming attack, forcing the French to retire to the shel
ter of the first permanent fortifications of Verdun, near
French gains yesterday near Vaux confirmed military
observers in their belief that the crown prince will not be
able to take Verdun from the northeast. He has sacri
ficed thousands of men and made no important progress
on that side since the capture of Douaumont.
Dispatches from the front said large forces of Ger
mans were noted on. the British front in Flanders and
northern France. Since beginning their smash at Ver
dun the Germans have depleted their armies elsewhere
to aid the principal offensive but the large force opposite
the British has not been disturbed lest General Sir
Douglas Haig's men size the opportunity for an allied
Paris. April 4. Germans heavily
shelled French positions northwest of
Verdun during the night, particularly
Malaneourt and Avocourt, official an
nouncement declared today. There were
no infantry attacks.
West of the Meuse the French batter
ies kept up a continuous fire from
ouaumont to Vaux village. In the Ar
gounc forest nH'o French guns were
busy. Fast of I.e Pretre woods French
infantry dispersed strong Herman re
Holland Refuses Demand.
F.erlin, April 4. Holland lias flatly
refused the ailios' informal request that
its Gorman frontier be closed as an
aid to the.canipaign of "starvation,"
it nrrs reported tod.-.y1.
There is no doubt that developments
at the allied military conference in
Paris inspired recent Dutch warlike ac
tivity, according to belief here. Allied
ministers at The Hague presented form
el "feelers" to the Dutch foreign
(neen Willielininn replied by sum
moning her parliament and cancelling
nil army furloughs. was reliably
stuted. .No formal demands have been
Several sources reported that the
Dutch jniui.-ler of agriculture ordered
an accounting of all foodstuffs and
grains in the Netherlands.
ABE MARTIN J
f'scrir Moots, th' trusted f-easurer o'
til' Fairy (irotto screen the ater, violat
ed his neutrality t'dsy by tukiu'
French leave. Th ' h-ailin' mys'ery in
pvt-r' .neighborhood is how some folks
git in th' newspapers so much.
London Says She Has.
j London, April 4. Holland has closed
its (iennan frontier and is' massing
I troops there, according to an unennfirm
' ed wireless message from Koine today.
I The radio said the information came
200 Killed at Powder Plant.
London, April 4. iwo hundred per-
j sons were killed and injured when fire
destroyed a powder factory in the coun
ty of Kent, it was officially announced
The tire broke out last week, but
news of it was withheld until today.
The official statement said it was ac
cidental. .Serious explosions occurred
at frequent intervals for two hours.
Thev could be heard in Loudon.
Germans announced that Friday
j night's Zeppelin raid starteil fires in
i several munitions factories near I.on
I don. However, the county of Kent was
i not mentioned.
Germans Hoid Gains.
Berlin, April 4. Attempts to recap
ture ground gained by Germans south
and southwest of Douaumont have been
defeated, the war office announced to
day. In Cnilctte wood between Douau
mont and Vaux the French were hurled
back, losing "til prisoners.
Mmy Raids Repulsed.
London, April 4. ifnre than one re
cent attempted Zeppelin raid on r
land has been repulsed without the pub
lic 'a knowledge, l.'nder Secretary Ten
mint declared in the house of commons
Started Recall of
Klamath Falls Council
Klamath Falls, April 4. Tie.all of
four or the five members of the Klam
ath Falls council started Monday aft
ernoon by the serving of notices on the
men. Among those nimed are tJe fol
lowing: (). ,S. Mathews, second ward;
A. 1. Miller, fourth ward, and M. K.
Doty, fifth ward.
The charge is "inefficiency in the
administration, of the affairs of the
city and lack of economy in the finan
cial expenditures of the city."
Slides Close Pacifiic
Highway In Siskiyous
On the Pacific highway in the Siski
you mountain section, in Jackson coun
ty. John H. Lewis, state engineer, re
ports that two slides between Siskiyou
and the California line have closed the
highway at that point. Resident Kngiu
eer T. M. Davis has returned to Siski
you to clean up the slides and prepare
lor this eaon s work. It is expected
tviunn the next two weeks the rrad will
be passable for through autcmobile
Raid Made On England
Berlin, by wireless to Snyville, L. I.,
April 4. Zeppelins again raided the
shoutheast coast of Kngland last night
and dropped explosive bombs on the
fortifications of Great Yarmouth, th
admiralty announced today. The Zep
pelins returned in osK'ty, although
they were subjected to a heavy shelling
by the British.
Tennant's statement was made in
connection with an announcement that
the new air defenses of the British
Isles were, satisfactory to the govern
ment He mentioned the destruction of
the Zeppelin L-15 unit confirmed re
ports of three sky raids having been
repelled during tho past month.
London failed to report any Zeppelin
raids last night This attack is the
fourth within as many days.
Berlin. Anril 4 Oree lino rnnnnaf.
ed the allies to withdraw all their ml'
turv establishments nt KnlmiLn no.
cording to dispatches from Athens' to-
American Foreign Ministers
Protest Against Its
(fly Carl W. Ackennan, United Press
r.erlin, April 4. Ambassadors Ger
ard and Penfield and Minister Van
Dyke at The Hague have joined in a
protest to the state department aaainst
the continued use of the present Amer
ican diplomatic code. The state de
partment at Washington, replying to a
recent I mted Press dispatch from Ber
lin stating that the United States secret
COde Was knOWIl In KHVPriil if tlm t'nrn.
pean belligerents, insisted thnt secret
uispiiicues couiu stui oe sent.
"That is what the department al
ways says," Slid an American official
i'"m.. ami. iu loom with rne suunnon.
"You'll find the code will not be
changed until it is too rate."
Jt was learned todav that an Ameri
can code book was sroleu from an .ib
tache of tho American minister to the
Bllkans shortly before the outbreak of
the war. Secret service men tried for
Weeks tO trace it llif'nrfi tint lnuu urns
communicated to Washington. It is not
Miown wnat nelligerent possesses this
Volume, but. the Armiricnn n-nvu ncn
convinced that every important" Kuro-
pean power can read not only the di
plomatic but the naval secret cpde.
About seven months ago, an official
mail pouch, carrying a highly impor
tant secret to the nnvv flcnfi rt n-mn fr
from an observer in Germany was
opened after it lelt Loudon. The secret
report was unsealed and when It
reached Washington showed much
handling. In many of the foreign em
bassies and legations, English, French,
German and other fnrmun ott.i,.i,AU
have acted as American code experts.
it is quire posiuie tnat several men who
have handled the American diplomatic
code arc now in the employ of Furo
Bethlehem Steel Wants
To Be Real Good Dog
Washington, April 4. Before tho
house, naval committee today, Represen
tatives of the Bethlehem Steel company
made a finnl effort to prevent recom
mendation of the government armor
plate bill being voted.
President Grace promised that, if the
United States sohul.l be involved in
war or threatened with war, his plant
would furnish products at "any price
the government choses to pay." He
further asserted his factories would run
24 hours a day, if necessary, to supply
federal requirements for armor plate.
A promise to manufacture armor plate
indefinitely at any price the trade com
mission might fix was likewise made.
Grace said he made the offers as a
matter of patriotism, ami also with a
view to saving $7,(HIO,IWO which had
been invested. The plant had previous
ly offered armor plate at W.l't a ton
for a ryriod of five years. It is doubt
ful whether these, overtures will pre
vent government competition.
77us Issue Caused One War
By Robert J. Bender.
( Unite. 1 Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, April 4. A sharp issue
between the United States and Great
Britain confronted the cabinet today as
a result of the British government's
refusal to liberate Germans taken from
the American liner China on the higl
The issue which has come to lit
again is the name that has been ili
puted for moro thnn a century. It was
partly responsible fur one war between
this country nnd the British.
Most of the cabinet's time was de
voted to the note again protesting t!
seizure of Germans. There was hnrdh
OREGON, TUESDAY, APRIL 4, 1916
A. fl BUSH MAKES
GIFT OF TRACT TO
llITi FOR A PARK
Bush's Pasture", Beautiful
59-Acres of Woodland,
NO RAILROAD MAY GET
RIGHT OF WAY THROUGH
City Council Accepts Gift, But
No Transfer Will Be Made
For Some Time
The gift of the fifty acre trict
known as Hush's Pasture to tiie city
of Knlcm as a city park was accepted
by the city council last night anil it is
freely estimated that Salem will in
time have one of the largest ind most
beautiful city parks of any towu in the
Willamette valley. The gift was made
by A. X. Bush, who wishes the tract of
land to remain intact as a memorial to
the lite Asahel Bush and the offer was
made by Attorney George U. Hingham
in behalf of tile Bush estate. The
actual transfer of the property will not
be made, however, during the lifetime
of Miss Sally Bush but since the city
council voted to accept the gift of the
park, a survey will be made of the
property boundaries and a convey nice
prepared for acceptance and delivery.
A scenic winding boulevard will
skirt the park from Mission street at
a point about the east end of the pies
eut stone wall, which bounds the Hush
premises, and extending southerly and
following the hill. The remainder of
tiie tract lying east of the boulevard is
to he the park proper.
By the specif ications the tract is to
remain in tiie condition it is-at present
during the lifetime of Miss Hush.
No streets, alleys or thoroughfares
are to be laid out across the tract, but
this restriction will not apply to. park
walks and drives. Also the city is to
pledge itself that no franchise for a
steam, electric or street railway will
ever be granted across the premises or
across any street leading to the prem
ises in such inannr as to permit a right
of way to be condemned across the
land, and also that no franchises shall
be granted for railways on streets or
alleys laid out on the unconveyeJ por
tion of the entire tract during the life
time of Miss Bush. This is not intend
ed to prevent a franchise being granted
on Mission street paralleling the street
or paralleling the boundaries of the
tract outside the park, but is to include
the park and boulevard.
As stated iu the offer made, the city
the purpose of the gift is to maintain
the tract of land intact east of the pro
posed boulevard as one compact body,
nnd during the lifetime of Miss Bush
the uiiconveved portion of the Bush
Any violation of the terms by the
city shall work as ti forfeiture of the
A MYSTERY OF THE SEA.
San Francisco, Cal., April 4. A mys
tery of the sea may be solved when the
"wind jammer" Hughie Hogan enters
San Francisco bay this afternoon.
The old square rigger, bound from
Shanghai to Seattle, was found appar
ently helpless off Point Reyes by the
steamer Bear. Her ensign was flying
The steamer passed a line to the
Tughie Hogan and took her in tow.
Wireless reports from the Bear failed
to explain what had happened n board
the sailing ship.
KILLED MOTHER AND SELF
Spokane, Wash., April 4. Leiving a
note saying that he would not see his
mother taken to an asylum, and that he
wanted to "die witii his boots on,"
William Flint, age,) .'J.'t, shot and killed
his mother, aged li.'l. and then shot him
self. The tragedy occurred at a lumber
camp ten miles north of Spokane. The
bodies were discovered by William
Flint, Sr., when lie returned from work.
I any discussion of the threatened rue
I tion with Germany over the Suss
j aster, as no new information concern
I ins it was available.
The refusal to surrender the Germuns
j was surprising, inasmuch as both Great
I Britain and r ranee complied witn Am
ierican demands in three previous simi
1 lar instances. It was minted out, how
jcver, that the British never admitted
(this government had a right to make
j such requests,
I Great Britain, tl)0 United States con
i tends, has no more iigit to take aliens
(off an American vessel than it would
I have to invade this country's territory
with armed forces for the purpose of
taking foreigners seeking refuge here.
Intimates It Will Continue To
Do So Despite American
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Press staff correspondent.
Washington, April 4. A dearth of
definite information about recent Ger
man submarine activities, which threat
ened to bring about a diplomatic rup
ture between America and the kaiser.
was faced by the cabinet when it met
Affidavits from American witnesses
were expected shortly. Secretary Lans
ing reported he had unofficial advices
thnt survivors of the steamer Manches
ter Lngineer sinking claimed thev saw
a periscope. Information with regard
to the wrecking of the steamer Eaule
Point made Lansing believe it advisable
for Arrlbnssiidor (lornr? to inquire ii
formally concerning it.
the cabinet members had not receded
from their position that no step wouh'
oe too drastic, ir it were proved thnt
German submarines attacked the chan
nel steamer (Sussex, the liner L'nelish-
mnn and other vessels which carried i
Americans. Thev feel, however, that a
complete settlement of the whole ques
tion in accordance with American de
mands mny prevent an open break with
The cabinet was expected to consider
its next step in the negotiations witl
Grrat Britain growing out of L'nglisb
seizure of United KtatcR mails. Lans
ing presented the British government's
denial that treaty rights had been vio-
intecl. tins statement cniiiliasi"-
Grent Britain's intention to eontinne
opening American parcel post packages
in ino searcn tor contrnhanrt.
Continues As Pastor But Will
Not Act Until Charges
Chico, Cal., April 4. Determined to
continue as pastor of his church here,
but resolved never to set foot in his
pulpit until five immorality indict
ments against him are disposed of,
Rev. Madison .Slaughter announced to
day he would conduct the Wednesday
night prayer meeting as usual and meet
all members of his congregation face
He does not appear to be discour
aged by the fact that the, jury in his
first trial on a charge of attacking
Gertrude Lamson, aged 1."), disagreed,
votign 8 to 4 for conviction. His sec
ond trial will begin one week from to
day, and he is busy making prepara
tions for it.
The same attorneys will probably
represent him, but it. is not known
whether n public collection will be
taken up in the church to defray ex
penses. . Hlnnghter says he will fight
until the public realizes he is innocent.
Returning to Chico after the! jury
was dismissed Slaughter left the truiu
in the outskirts anil went immediately
to his. home in his automobile, thus
avoiding a crowd which had gathereil
at the ktatiou.
DOES NOT WANT OUT
Snn Francisco, April 4. Freedom has
no appcil for Ng Lin Foo. ell is anx
ious to stny in jail that lie will make
a legal fight if necessary to prevent
being turned loose.
JSg Lin Foo, Chinese, who was ar
rested on a grand larceny charge, fears
his enemies will kill him if liberated,
and when Judge Griffin was prepiring
to discharge him he begged so eloquent
ly for the privilege ot staying in jail
that his honor granted the request.
HE MARRIED ANYWAY
Oakland, Cal., April 4. A little mat
ter of amputated foot couldn't inter
fere with Ludwig Deck's honeymoon.
A month ago he hacked off his own
foot when it was caught iu the ma
chinery of a dredger. He refused to
postpone his wed.liug day, and went to
the ceremony on crutchs.
THIRTY 'GOOD MEXICANS'
' San Antonio. Texas, April 4.
Thirty Villistas were killed
in a battle with American
forces under Colonel Brown of
the Tenth cavalry, Brigadier
General John J. Pershing an-
nounced in his official dis-
patches to Major General Fred
Funston. There were no Amer-
Pershing stnted Brown and
one -squadron of the Tenth en-
countered Villistas east of
Bachineba. Pershing's infor-
motion camo from native
sources. He said the fight oc-
currcd April 1 and that the Vil-
listas were surprised.
HOW 1 NATION
COULD INVADE US
Says German General Staff
Has Plans of Invasion
TO LAND 400,000 GERMAN
VETERANS IN TWO WEEKS
Would Make Main Attack at
Boston and Another at
(By Wilbur S. Forrest, United I'rcss
London, April 4. A P.uropean power,
invading the United Stutes, would
strike simultaneously at the unfortified
shores of Chesapeake bay and at Bos
ton, according to Jlajor C. Dnriiley
Stuart-Stephens in an article in tho
The major savs that the German staff
already has worked out such a plan.
laougn ins Article mnv appear lar
fetched, it presents an interesting de
scription of what would happen should
Germany, or any other strong Kuro-
pean nation, decide to invade America.
ritty per cent of the German mer
cantile marine is iu Hamburg and Bre
men," said Major Stuart Stephens. " In
1.) days this flotilla could land 1110,000
German veterans on the New England
oast line. Ni efficient is the aenerul
staff organization thnt these liners
would return iu another month with a
"The Herman striking point would
bo at Boston, wiiicii would, of course,
be eaptured from tfie land side and tho
defenders of which, paltry in them
selves, would bo devoid of even the
presence of such a garrison as. could
maintain more than a couple of days'
"A minor operation would be con
ducted simultaneously nt Cnesapeako
bay, where there are even now no for
tifications. Then would follow tho
holding of n line extending from Lake
Krie to Chesapeake bay, both flanks
protected' by water ami behind it tho
sea. Also between the niturul ram
parts occupied by the invader and the
sea coast are practically all the Ameri
can arsenals, nine-tenths of the steel
works, the munitions factories of Con
necticut ami the ship building yards.
"This, then the vital region for tho
equipment iiiii maintenance of the na
tion's defense, would lie in the enemy's
rear. The whole of the republic, save
the ull-impoitant section behind the ene
mies' lines could live comfortably with
plenty of foodL clothes and movies
wherewith to remove the tedium of
time, but the American colossus would
be without shells, without guns and
without the material for their produc
tion. Vears would elapse before
America could, under those conditions,
scientifically equip a sufficient army to
warnnt an assault oil the invaders'
losition on the Alleglienies. "
The end of tiie invasion, tho major
saw, would lie that America "woild
have to shell out her liquid finances
when the enemy said 'pay up and we'll
go nomo .
from Caplan Defense
Los Angeles, Cal., April I!. An elev
enth hour surprise in the trial of David
Caplan, for alleged complicity in tho
dynamiting ot the Times building nero
five years ngo was sprung when the
case opened today and it was innounc
ed that Nate (,'oglnn, prominent Han
Francisco attorney had withdrawn
from the case.
Coghlan was the chief counsel for
the defense in the Schmidt trial follow
ing tiie death of Judge Chnrles Fairall,
whom he succeeded and it ha. I been un
derstood Couhlaa would continue to
lead the defense in the Caplan triul.
Kven the defendant did not know un
til he was informed in court this
moruing th it Coghlan had withdrawn.
Caplan announced that he had em
ployed Jacob Margolis as assistant
counsel. Margolis, not having been
admitted to the bir in California, was
unaole to proceed this morning and
the case was postponed until Wednes
day. Judge Willis informed ( apian that
the court would secure the public de
fender for him iu the event that he
should not have an attorney by Wed
The reason for Coghlan 's withdrawal
w is not announced.
( apian is charged with murder in
connection with the wrecking of tho
Times newspaper plant here five and
a half years ago. He is an alleged
coconspirator with Matthew Schmidt,
sentenced to life imprisonment sever
al mouths igo.
GET A VACATION
T''min (ir Anril i Ten newspa
permen are taking a week's vacation
while, UMi students in rue scnooi or ,oiir-
nl.u,n I 'ni I'nruit v nl1 (InttTnn tiithl'mll
the Fugene Daily Guard. The students
work in squads of twentv each, and put
:.. 41 ... r t .
Ill lull l VI IUU1 uuui - yitijt
ON TRAINS AND JNKWIk
I Mexican Cattle King Confirms
i Story of Villa Gcmg
Light Air of High Altitudes
Makes Aeroplane Service
Very Uncertain ,
OFFERS TO SURRENDER
Torreon, Mex., April 4 -Of-
fering to surrender if given
amesty, lieneral Canuto Reyes,
commanding Villistas in tho re-
gion, has communicated with
General Trevino of the constitu-
tionalists, tho latter announced
today. - f
. Heyes was recently reported
active near luero, various ac-
counts saying he led 1,1500 ban- ,
El Paso, Texas, April 4. American
troops are approaching tho Durango
state line from south of Chihuahua Citv-
surprising army observers by the rapid
ity of their southward march. On Fri
day Colonel George Dodd's men appear
ed at San Antonio, uear Cusihuiriachic.
Simultaneously Franci-sco Villa travers
ed tho Satevo district, 50 miles south,
and was reported fleeing to his familiar
haunts in Durungn mountains. 7t is he
lioved' he will not attempt to join the
Canuto Reyes In the) Torreon regioa.
Instead, ho will probably hide ia tlx
Fifteen thousand Cnrranzista were
reported today marching northward
Absence of illuininnfng reports from
the rmi'suit resulted in Wakiington
sending Brigadier General J. .1. Persh
ing a request for a statement.
Major Sample an nounced that P"--'
ing would send an aeroplane up t
soino point on the lines of communica
tion in the event of Villa's capture.
It was admitted as possible th
la had escaped the Cordon of Dodd's
and Pershing s troopers.
Pershing is thought to be south rf
Ran Antonio, no close to Villa that he
has no time to reach his lines of com
munication. Aeroplanes are unablo to cope with
the light air of high altitudes. Lieu
tenant Willis had a narrow escape whilei.
flying last Sunday. He wan borinp;
through a mist at great speed when the
fog lifted suddenly rcveal his plann
heading into a wall of rock. He swooped
upward and was out of danger just in
die nick of time.
Juan Terrezns, cattle king, arrived
from Chihuahua City today nnd con
firmed the report that Villa had gonn
toward Satevo with a small following.
His information contained no mention
that the outlaw chief had been wound
ed, however. The belief Is growing here
that Villa has not been injured. Though
General Pershing reported ho had heard
o'f Villa being hurt, tho information
was only an indirect story from wood
cutters who claimed they saw "Pan
cho" with a broken leg, fleeing in a
litter. Pershing has since stated thnt
bucIi clues from Mexicans aro some
WAR GETS PORTLAND MAN.
Cortland, Or., April 4. Lieutenant
h run k Wilder, formerly a Portland real
estate man, was killed in iction "sonie-
hvm in Flanders.' Bccordinir to a ca-
hlcgrnm received by his brother, Rick
ard Wilder. Lieutenant Wilder was a
member of the royal horse artillery. H
received a comission three months after
going to the front is a private.
DRY LAW CLOSES RESTAURANT
Portland, Or., April 4.-The bigest
five cent restaurant in Portland closed
its doors today for lack of patron ig.
iii;i ik., n.Kenf of prohibition the
eating house, located in the North Knd,
did a big business, ince January i,
its patronage has gradually declined.
I THE WEATHER t
. . .'MW 1 O 1
Oregon: i o
niglit and Wed
ers; cooler to
uiyht cast por
Tlll VILLA HAS
IDE HIS ESCAPE
' AND IS IN HIDING