Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, March 14, 1916, Image 1

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12,000 Men, 48 Batteries of
Artillery and Scores of
I 1 Machine Guns
Canuto Reyes With 2,500
Horsemen Rushing to Join
Forces With Villa
By II. D. Jacobs.
(Tinted Press staff correspondent.)
HI Paso, Texas, Mar. 14. Mobiliza
tion of I'nited States soldiers oil the
border continued today while Curranzis
tas were reported in hot pursuit of
T'ranciseo Villi began here today.
:ind render the Americnrt invasion un
necessary. With Major General Fred Funston
declaring Carranza 's possible opposi
tion will not halt the expedition, army
leaders were planning to smash south
ward simultaneously from El Pnso.
Douglas and Columbus. It may be
Thursday- or Friday before the Amer
icans eater, although with more than
l'J.000 men, -IS batteries of artillery and
.scores of machine guns alreudy on the
boundary, officers declared the troops
ready 'for the word.
The Carranzistas are more active in
northern Mexico near the border than
they have been for months. They are
concentrating at Naeozari and Chihua
hua City.
It is reported 500 cavalrymen left
for Casas Grandcs and trie Galena dis
tricts to protect American Mormon
colonists and attempt, to cut off Villa
General Hertttni is watching the Vil
li's! as from Palomtis to the westward.
He predicted the bandit chief v
either attempt-to ntassnere the Mor
mons or clfo ride to Sinnloa for refuge.
Villa Gathering Recruits.
Canuto Reyes anil 2..100 horsemen
are reported near Torerou endenvorrng
to join Villa. Reyes is lending a con-t-iderablo
part of the former Villista
force that cut through the Carrtinzista
jinny anil marched almost to the gates
of Mexico "City during the height of
Villa's rebellion against Cnrranza.
General Itodolfo Fierro, called "Vil
la '-i butcher," recently reported kill
ed, is now said to be with Reyes,
There has been 110 direct news'of the
Mormons since Sunday. Officials of
the Mormon church here stated the ab
sence o'f news indicated the church inon
had suffered no disaster.
General Pershing, who will command
the American expedition, is at Colum
bus, N. M. Colonel George Taylor, of
the Kighth cavalry, is in command at
Kl Paso, indicating that the main col
umn probably will start from Colum
bia. Lieutenant Martin I.. Scballenhcrger.
able de camp, nnd official censor, is
sued his first bulletin today. He said:
"Concentration and mobilization are
now being arranged. General Pershing
is engaged in studying out a strategic
phi u of movement."
War Correspondents Mad.
The army of "war correspondents''
here is already having trouble with
.Schallenberger. They charge lie re-fu-c.i
to aid them in their work, and
tint they were obliged to gather their
own equipment, and even transport
their own horses to concentration
fCnntinnet on Papa Tbrpe.)
Aha IHartia
I. ts o' fellers that w:,lk film:
streets, with bowed hi nds theie das y
ou!v I
for being dejected when t her
'kin' at th' girlv' feet. In time
I'tivthing prepare i'cr Bryan.
n iintbui
Badgered by Slaughter's At
torneys Girl JHrectly Ac
causes Minister
Oroville, Cal., Mar. 14. Trembling
and apparently on the verge of a break
down, Gertrude l.amson, 15 years old.
began her fourth session on the witness
stand today in Kev. Madison Slaugh
ter's trial on charge or attacking her.
Led by interrogations of the'district at
torney, the girl described wtyit the
prosecution claims Bur attempts on
the part of defense supporters to make
her retract her allegations against the
She asserted defense attorneys visit
ed her frequently, urging her to say
the charges were fulse. As a result of
their visits the prosecution says she
wrote two letter declaring all the ac
cusations were untrue. On the witness
stand the girl said she wrote these
notes under the impression that by so
ihiing she would save her mother's life.
She had been told ner mother would
die if the letters were hot written. The
missives, admitted Gertrude, were dic
tated to her.
While, she testified, Slaughter viewed
her steadfastly and listened eagerly to
every syllable. At times he gripped
the arms of his chair and glanced at
the clock.
Defense lawyers took voluminous
notes, preparatory to an attempt to im
peach the girl's testimony.
One of the most dramatic moments
of the trial was when Gertrude, bad
gered for hours by a enr.-s-exaaiina-tion
of sharp questions from defense
lawyers, looked wearily toward Slaugh
ter and made a direct accusation
against him. The defense had been en
deavoring to show Her in some way
culpable. Turning toward the pastor
she said in a low voice:
"Look what that man has done. lie
is the guilty one, nnd not myself."
The words produced a 'small sensa
tion. Slaughter took tight hold on the
arms of his chair, but maintained his
composure. His daughters looked un
concerned, Eev. Madison Slaughter, accused of
attacking Gertrude Lamson, aged 15
controlled her parents so hey refuse)
to believe her story, according to th
girl's testimony in Slaughter's trial to
day. She declared her father at first be
lieved all she said, but later was won
over to the other side and refused to
credit her assertions. In this connec
tion Gertrude cried with considcrabi,
dramatic, emphasis.
"I told him he must believe me, be
cause what I told him was the truth."
Defense Counsel Kennedy instantly
complained that the girl was indulg
ing in irregular dramatic poses under
the direction of the prosecution. Assist
ant District Attorney Davids hotly de
nied it. but Judge Gregory ruled out
her last statement.
Telling of a mock trial staged at her
home by defense attorneys so they
could practice, Gertrude Lamson. 15
years old, continued testifying this af
ternoon in the trial of Kev. Madison
Slaughter on a charge of attacking
She said her mother suggested every
thing that went into her letter in
whicji she denied all her accusations
against the pastor.
On the stand today the girl could not
define the words used in the affidavit
which she signed, saying the charges
were false.
She claimed her parents made efforts
to frighten her by the power of Guy H.
Kennedy, Slaughter's attorney.
They were said to nave told her he
was a "terrible man" who could get
anybody out of trouble or nut anybody
he wanted to into the reform school.
Her mother; the girl said, told her
she could never convict Slaughter, as
he had an alibi for every day of tin
six alleged acts.
During the court recess Gertrude met
her in an ante-room and attempted to
embrace her, but Mrs. Lunisin pushed
her away. Gertrude wept.
Carranza Already
Is Playing Crooked
Kl Paso, Texas, Mar. II. It was re
ported this afternoon the Carranza ttov
ernnient asked the I'aited States
through llrigadier General ,lnhn .L
Pershing to delay the start or the
American expedition two weeks.
General GutieiTez. was said to have
made the request. He would neither
deny nor confirm the report this after
noun. General Pershing's reply was report
ed to have been such that it angered
Gutierrez. Whether it was a fl it refus
al or not Gutierrez, would not say.
The delav is believed to have been
requested to give Carranza tim to cap
tore Villa.
How the reported conference between
the two took Jace was not learned.
Fort Bliss authorities, in further nice
of the stiict censorship, refused to ad
mit Pershing had returned to Kl Paso
fioin Columbus or that Gutierrez, had
talked with li i in on the long distance
tcli phone.
A iMe.xicuu railroad bridge ten mile
couth of Juarez has been destroyed by
lire. Carranzi officials were unable to
aceoiint for it. American military irca
believe it was burned in an atteinitt to
' prev ent the United Stales expedition
. from using the railroad on it a haive
' into Mexico.
Charge Through Forest Halted
and Ranks Shattered by
Artillery Fire
Great Bodies of German
Troops Are On March
Destination Unknown
By Charles P. Stewart.
(I'nited Press Staff Correspondent.)
London, Mar. 14. Breaking the long
lull in infantry fighting before Ver
dun, Germans today ch lrged into
Haudremont forest only to have their
ranks shattered by artillery fire whica
coveted every foot of ground with
mathematical precision, according to
Paris accounts.
The Germans did not attempt to ld
vance with large forces, and those who
survived the hail of French shells were
forced to flee.
In the Lepetre forest Taris said the
Germans attempted to regain lost
ground. Again the French artillery
blasted scores into eternity and hurled
nick the charging Teutons in defeat.
There was a steadv artillery bom
bardment around Vaux, but the expect
ed grand assault against Verdun hail
not begun, latest dispatches s lid.
Berlin remained silent regarding all
operations around Verdun. The only im
portant infantry work mentioned by
the Germans was a repulse of British
near Wieltje, in the Vprcs district.
Clear weather brought out the avi
ators, and bottles iiigh aloft were
frequent. Berlin announced three Brit
ish and two French machines had been
brought down.
Artillery Duel Continues.
London, Mar. 14. German reinforce
ments arrived near Verdun today while
the kaiser's great guns continued the
smashing at the French trenches.
Delayed Swiss dispatches said the
Swiss-German frontier had been closcil,
to insure secrecy of troop movements.
French aviators hovering over the Teu
ton -lines observed greit bodies of Ger
man reinforcements on the march.
Swiss sources nlso revived the re
port that Field Marshal Von Mackon
sen is commanding the German attack
on Verdun and that Kaiser Wilhelm has
summoned Field Marshal Von Jlinden
burg there to assist.
Critics believe that in his new thrust
the crown prince will drive simultane
ously at Goose Hill and Dead Man's
Hill, striking also at Foist De Vaux
and Do Tavanues. Artillery fire is di
rected most severely against those hills.
It is thought now the Germans will re
sume heir offensive with an attempt to
fight through Corbeaux and Cumieres
woods, to offset their losses in assault
ing Goose and Dead Man's hills.
The Paris correspondent of the Lon
don Mail declared the lull in infantry
work noticeable for the past few days
has been duo to a need for nri'JIerv
preparation, and partly to a redistribu
tion of German forces.
"The Seventh and Twenty-Second di
visions which bore the brunt of the
fighting at Bethincourt and at Goose
Hill, have been severely handled nil
need rest," wrote the correspondent.
"Possibly, like the Klevent'n reserve
division, they must be entirely replaced
by new men."
Berlin Says Nothing.
Berlin, Mnr. 14. Fighting around
Verdun was ignored by the war office
official announcement todav.
KaiMer's Throat Bad.
Paris, Mir. 1 4. Kaiser Wilhelm 's
throat is again troubling him, accord
ing to nn unconfirmed report from
Koine today.
Asquith Is Laid Up.
Loihlon. Mar. 11 I'retnim. Auninlli in
suffering from bronchial catarrh, his
office announced in a statement todiy.
Norway Is Angry.
Christiunia, Norway, Mar. 14. Nor
way asked Germany today if it was
true that n German submarine had tor
pedoed the Norwegian bark Silius. A
complete explanation is demanded.
Rioting in Munich,
London. Mar. 14. Amstiirdnm r.
I ports today told of rioting in Munich
! because of the Bavarian losses it Vr.
dun. The Bavarians bore the brunt of
much fighting there, nnd their casual
ties were accounted enormous.
' Washington, March It. The
senate public lands committee
today adopted Senator Phelan's
amendment to the Ferris land
bill, uiving patents to locators
on the ground prior to the Tnft
! withdrawal order, and giving
j leases to those who located after
the withdrawal order, but be
I fore congress took nction
50,000 Spanish War
Veterans Available
Washington, Mar. 14. Congressman
Dyer, national commander of the Span
ish war veterans, today requested state
commanders to notify him how many
men were available for service in Mexi
co if President Wilson calls for volun
teers. Dyer thinks i)(l,0UI) could be
Saa Francisco Has 1,000.
San Francisco, Mar. 14. One thous
and Spanish war veterans in San Fran
cisco would be willing to enlist if Presi
dent Wilson called for volunteers, (.'has,
J. Dutreaux, past commander of Gener
al Miles camp, said today. Three com
panies are ready to fight,
Oregon Could Send 600.
Portland, Or., Mar.. 14. "There are
000 Spanish war veterans in Oregon
who would willingly volunteer for ser
vice in Mexico," said State Commander
Koy V. Kesl today.
Commander Kesl says lie will open
books within two days and ask all vet
erans who would volunteer to register.
Anticipating that National Commander
Dyer might ask for figures as to the
number of fighting men available in
each state, Mr. Kesl telegraphed him
Nevada Has One Troop.
Bono, Nev., Mar. H.-Tliomas H.
Barry troop of the Spanish war veter
ans with headquarters here, will i
ready for service at the front in case
President Wilson calls for volunteers
to fight against the Villistas, accord
ing to a statement made today by Di
R. R. Kane, commander of the troop,
Dr. Kane said that whilue his troop is
not large in numbers every man would
be willing to bear arms, in case volun
teers are needed.
Arizona has 230.
Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 14. Captain
Charles Alexander, head of ho Nation
al Spanish War Veterans in Arizona,
when told today of Congressman Dy
er's request for information as to how
many men would be available in case
of call said that every able-bodied mem
ber of the organization would respond.
He estimated there arc about 250 in tin
Washington Has 1,000.
Seattle, Wash., Mar. 14. In response
to the request of ,'ongressman Dyer,
national commander vt the Spanish war
veterans for information as to the
availablo number o'f men ror service if
a cull for volunteers is issued by Presi
dent Wilson, State Commander T. J.
Cunningham of the Washiagton Spanisl
War Veterans' association, today said a
complete regiment of volunteers coub
be promptly organized here.
Idaho Reports 200.
Boise, Idaho, Mar. 14. Two hundred
Spanish war veterans in Idaho, wouli
volunteer their services in case o
need, officers of their organization es
timated today.
Thomas R. ffamer, colonel of tin
First Idaho regiment in the Philippine.'
campaign, is endeavoring to organize
a cavalry regiment for service in
Washington, Mar. 14. Joso
Aeunn, representative of the
Carrtinzista government, form
ally notified the state depart
ment today that the American
note regarding the "military
reciprocity" agreement with
Carranza, and making arrange
ments for the pursuit of band
its across the international
boundary, was wholly accept
able to this government.
Kl Paso, Texas, Mar. It. General
Guiterrez arrived at Juarez, today am!
announced that his Carranzista troops
are surrounding Francisco Villa in the
Galcann district. He 'said he hoped ti
capture Villa before tho American ex
pedition could enter Mexico.
Gutierrez is in Juarez outlining what
is believed to be an effort to forestall
the American expedition into Mexico.
"The Carranza government can
take care of Villa," he continued
Gutierrez outlined a comprehensive
military scheme for the surrounding
of Villa, and indicated the Carranzis
tas already have the bandit chief vir
tually hemmed in on all sides in the Go
lcana district.
"We are in touch with Villa," hi
said. "My scouts will follow him oiiti
nil my columns can come into action.
He has only a small guard with them.'
Gutierrez, commander of the de facto
government, troops in Cliihiialiuu hti "
has been placed in complete commaiol
of the Carranzistas hunting Villa.
"Five cavalry columns of l.li'M) men
ench have been ordered into the fieh1
to pursue him," declared Gutierrez
"They will draw a complete ring
around Villa. General Jose Cavasos
will move in from the south, General
Herrera from the east. General l'afnel
WAB fmmtrtr
Trains Unloading Cavalry
Horses and Munitions
Crowd Side Tracks
And Mixed With All the Army
Mule Lifts Up His Voice
in Battle Chant
San Antouia, Texas, Mar. 14.
Full cooperation by General
Carranza in the American hunt
for Francisco Villa seems as
sured today. According to
Mexican Consulate representa
tives, five thousand soldiers of
the de facto government are
inarching toward the border to
help United States troops sur
round the bandit idiief. It is
understood General Alvaro Ob
rcgon will command the consti
tutionalists. Dispatches from the border to
the consulate indicated all dan
ger of C'trraiizista resistance
has passed. A telegram from
General Pesquiera to Douglas
saiil the administration's agree
ment with Carranza hail allay
ed all nnti-Anierican feeling in
By H. D. Jacobs.
(I'nited I'ress Staff Correspondvnt.)
'Columbus, N. M., Mar. 14. Under
Brigadier General John J. Pershing,
conqueror of the -Moros and the fili
pinoes, organization of tiie main United
States army division which will hunt
Francisco Villa begun here today.
Colonel Herbert J. Slocuni, who
"licked" Villa when the bandit chief
raided Columbus, was appointed to com
mand the "flying squadron" of civnl
ry which, it is believed, will comprise
the larger part of the armed forces en
tering Mexico from this point.
.To investigate reports of Venustiano
Carranza 's soldiers mobilization at
Palomas in the direct line of the con
templated pursuit General Persuing has
arranged for a conference with the con
stitutionalist General Bertani. He
wants to ascertain if the Mexicans are
planning to oppose his advance. The
two will meet on American soil today.
General Pershing is keeping close
touch with developments at Palomas.
Carranza reinforcements undiV General
Guieterras reported en route overland
from Guzman to .join Bertani 's forces
have not yet been sighted by Ameri
can border pat rols.
Expect to Slart Thursday.
There is a marked conviction among
the rank and file that the order to en
ter Mexico will come Thursday. Offi
cers refuse to discuss it. Privates had
no definite information. Knoiiuh men
and supplies are here today for an
earlier dash, if it is ordered.
General Pershing is evidently await
ing reinforcements. More cavalry was
(Continued on ouca two)
Maldaiiado and Benjamin Garza i,
command the other two columns I will
have charge of the column from the
north. My troops are alreudy moving
ror inis purpose. t
"I have ordered Geaeral Bertani to !
assist and he will evacuate Palonia;.
shortly. Bertani probably will join our
forces at Guzman."
Gutierrez intimated that to offset
aay further need for an Mexican ex
pedition, Curranza 's government wouli
attempt to completely wipe out the V
"In addition to our five columns,"
he. declared, "we have ordered between
5,(100 and troops to concentrate
in towns where Villa's bandits are."
Gutierrez will leave Juarez within n
day or two and take charge of the cam
paign. His statement was interpreted to
forecast a further attempt by de facto
government to prevent American force;.
from entering Mexico.
Giileana where the constitutionalists
are reported surrounding Villa is in
Chihuahua state, about 110 miles dm
south of Fl Pimo and 50 miles west of
the Mexican National tailroad line. It
is within two days' ride of the Amer
ican Mormon colony in the Casus Cian
ilcs district
Women and Children
Kl i'aso, Texas, March 14. Fears for
500 American Mormon colonists in
Chihuahua were renewed this afternoon
when a Villa deserter arriving at Casus
Granites reported the banjit chief was
marching against the settlenfent de
termined to exterminate the colony.
Information to this effect reached
Carranzista officials at Juarez, over the
restored telegraph lines.
Despite earlier constitutionalist
claims of Villa being surorunded by
Carranzistas, he was said to have ar
rived at Casus Graades nnd to have de
manded surrender of the Carranza gar
rison there as well us of the American
Villa has burned every bridge of the
Mexican Northwestern railway between
Corralitos and Sabinal, making it im
possible for the train awaiting the
Mormons at Pearson to travel toward
the border.
According to the deserter's story,
Villa became enraged over stories that
the Mormons were to act as guides and
scouts for t ho American expeditionary
The loss of half of his COO men at
Columbus by the fighting around the
town and by 'subsequent desertions
further angered him, and he swore to
kill all Americans, men, women and
Philadelphia Man
Sees Jap Bugaboo
Los Angeles. Cal., Mar. 14. "Japan
wants the Philippine islands and is de
termined to grab them." This was tho
statement of former Mayor Rudolph
Blaiikeuhiirg of Philadelphia hero to
day. "She is backing up this determina
tion by contriving every clever schemo
iinuginablo to annex tiiut territory,"
he added, "We all knew that Japan)
sympathizes with .Mexico in her gnev
anceit against tie United States, and
the first nutagdiiistic step taken by
Mexico against our country would be
welcomed by the Japanese. It is a
critical situation this invasion of
Mexico by American troops.
Philadelphia's former mayor is hero
on a short vacation.
Would Increase Army
By Abmrt20,000 Men
By J. P. Yoder,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, March 14. Urgent ac
tion to increase the United States reg
ular army by 111 1)17 men was decided
upon today. Secretary of War Baker
asked congress to pass the necessary
resolution immediately An attempt to
rush it through the house will be made
late this afternoon,
Secretary of War Baker and Assist
ant Secretary Hay discussed tho plan
today. Baker thought it should be au
thorized by congress specifically. The
senate declaration will be made later
today. The conference decided neither
to call militia or volunteers at present,
nor to increase the army to strength
above its war footing. There is lack
of appropriated money for additional
No Opposition.
Washington, March It. Within five
minutes after its introduction the Hay
resolution incrensing the standing army
by !!),! 17 men pasted the house this
afternoon There was rising vote. Only
a few Opposed.
Mexicans Wished Them
All a Happy Return
Douglas, Ariz., March 14. The
refugee train from Naeozari, Sonora, 75
miles south, arrived here shortly after
noon today. It brought ;)50 refugees to
the border.
The party consisted of 2000 Amer
icans, .'!0 Chinese and the balance wero
Mexicans, according to .1. li. Hamilton,
assistant superintendent of the Moctez
ii inn. Copper company who arrived with
the train.
Mexicans at Naeozart gave the party
a send off ami wished them an early
return Hamilton said.
Twenty five Americans at Kl Tigre,
50 miles southeast, have decided to
await further developments before coin
ing out.
Oregon: Tonight
itnr--r ami Wednesday,
f"! ?kS ' fuir, frost tonight.
W'yy. !WAf?M interior south and
h-.(.HLS) east portions, and
north c isterly
""7 winds.
Outburst of Criticism Expect
ed Over the Lansing
Reciprocity Agreement
Delay In Starting Expedition
Also Causes Much Sena
torial Criticism
Mexico City, Mar. 14. All
danger of a break between Mex
ico and the United States has
passed, according to evidently
inspired articles in today's
Thcro was no official state
ment, but Washington dis
patches said America had con
ceded tho justice o'f Carranza 's
demands in accepting kin in
formal note.
General Conditio Aguilar,
newly appointed foreign min
ister, ill handle further Amer-.
ican negotiations under Car-
zranza's guidance. It is believed
Aguilar will bo provisional
president before tho regular
elections, Carranza resigning so
that be himself may become n
candidate. General Alvaro Ob-
rcgon's appointment as war
minister hat king been fore
casted. By Bond P, Geddes.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, Mar. 14. With Ameri
can troops on the eve of entering Mex
ico President Wilson today was threat
ened with congressional revolt against'
his Mcxciun policy.
An outburst of criticism was be
lieved imminent in the senate, where
tho "military reciprocity" agreement
with Carranza is disliked by a numher.
Many senators hnvo already expressed
indignation because Carranza was giv
en permission to enter the I'nitml
States. An explosion was also tlireuteu
cned in the house
On the other hand, the Whito House
was indignant at the Mexican "war
It let it be known that ".jingo dis
cussions" were the most embarrassing
and dangerous features of the situation.
Tho administration considered drastic
measures to halt the war and inter
vention agitation both in and out of
congress. Administration member? dis
cussed an investigation of intervention
propaganda, possibly by Attorney Gen
eral Gregory. 1
Tho principal protest in congress
was based on thu fact that President
Wilson failed to consult the legislative
bodies before accepting (tnrranrn's
"reciprocity" proposition. Coosiileriug
that many CurranziKtas are semi-organized
bandits, and that many o'f them
are former Villistas, opponents of the
schemo fear the agreement will result
in forays on American soil by outlaws
masquerading as soldiers of Carranza.
Senators Disagree.
With the state department udmittiuj;
that no "military reciprocity" treaty
or written uuthority exists, opponents
declared President Wilson had exceeded
his constitutional powers in agreeing tu
tho technicul "invasion" of America.
Jealous of the presidential perogutives,
some insisted the nR.,.ument would bo
void unless ratified by the senate.
Administration supporters charged
opponents of the pact were actuated
by political motives, and promised to.
severely criticise any attempt to mako
political capital of the incident.
Some fear Wilson's course will ulti
mately mean intervention, if not hostil
ities with Carranza and a united Mex
ico, while others believed congress
should not hesitate to legalize the presi
dent's procedure.
Delay in starting the expedition also,
threatened to provoke criticism, aimed
chiefly at the army, its transportation,
facilities, nnd its lack of ammunition.
Administration officials insisted di
plomacy had not impeded the work of
Final orders for the Villa hunt arj
in General Funston ' hands. The wires
hummed today with messages rouveytn
details of the expedition, while Wash
ington awaited news that tho Amer
icans had entered Mexico.
Army men believed General Persh
ing's main column would not start be
fore tomorrow at the earliest.
All reports agreed that tho "mili
tary reciorocitv" imreenient had a
quieting effect upon Mexican popular
John Bull always was a poor corres
pondent, except when he had Bonao de
maads of his own to make. , ,,