Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 29, 1916)
OVER 4000 DAILY
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS Sfivd S
IIJ1 1 mi .1 iiSisi ft I (inwnm
Known Dead 25 and This I
Blown Down In Oil Districts Cause Loss of $3,000,000
-Two Other Big Dams In Danger of Breaking-Valley
I of Orange Groves Two Miles Wide and 15 Miles Long
Devastated by Resistless Torrent
San Diego, Cal., Jan. 29. It is estimated that more
than 25 persons were drowned when the Lower Otay
reservoir dam burst here yesterday. A wall of water
thirty feet high tore down the Otay valley with express
train speed. Some estimates place the dead as high as 50.
Only four bodies have been recovered.
The first intimation of the disaster was when bodies
of animals, pieces of furniture and bits of houses were
observed floating in the bay opposite the San Diego water
When the dam broke those who had not heeded the
warning and fled from their homes, had no chance,
A colony of thirty Japanese is believed to have been
The only stories of the disaster available are furnished
by a few ranchers, who viewed the disaster from nearby
hills. They said the dam burst with a roar audible for
many miles. A sea of water spread down the fertile val
ley, obliterating orange groves and ranches, carrying on
its crest a whirling mass of houses, bodies and trees.
The valley of Otay on the railroad to Tia Juana was
wiped out and the Tia Juana railroad cut. It is believed
possible that a few survivors are marooned on islands in
the middle of the flood now running but all efforts to
reach them have, failed and they are further imperilled
by the imminent danger of
ine Dig sweet water aam is reported dangerous and
people who live below it are in flight.
The Otay dam broke Thursday afternoon, but the
country is so completely isolated that there was no hint of
the catastrophe until the wreckage was seen within
The territory devastated is two miles long and 15
miles wide. It has been under cultivation since 1895.
Damage is estimated at more than $1,000,000.
When the dam collapsed 11,500,000,000 gallons of
water were released. San Diego policemen and firemen
with many volunteers have been rushed to the scene to
attempt rescue of possible survivors.
With tlic lower Otay dam Rone, San the danger of famine. Rescuers arc
Diego in fen rf ul for its water supply, trying to pot supplies to ranchers, who
The reservoir, built at a cost of over must have lost their all before the
I, (KlO.OilO held back the waters over flood.
l.nOO acres. Tts construction of steel Property damage is estimated van
ned concrete had some times been ques-j ously up to $1,000,000 or more.
iK'nt'd as unsafe. Then eanie mighty I
floods this week, straining the 484 foot I Cuts Off Water Supply,
high struct lire. The tons upon tons of' San Francisco, Jan. 20. Destruction
water strained the construction. Warn-jof the Otay dam near San Diego con
i's sped through the vallev to the ' stitutes a serious menace to the immn.li.
lii-miM of farm hands and orange nnd
1. 'inoii growers. Some scoffed. They
felt themselves secure on the hillsides,
or else questioned that the dam could
Suddenly, the cement and steel
i-r imbled like villus. The pent up wa
tt' s, carrying with them trees, shacks
ai d inltle roared down the ravines with
the sound of Inindie.ls of enormous can
ii. 'ii. Fleeing icsijejiis tiied to reach
higher ground. Manv. of course, sue-
f.'Mci. rv.it tiie 'o to :(', it is estimat-j
I. were caught in the mountainous wa-;
lei- wall and hurled along to a swift !
dtlin,. to the fresh i.cll from the
o additional . trained reservoirs, is
( fZA 1 V
i Mint .
i ti In ul'
. d.-iit. A
Be Doubled-1,200 Derricks
the upper Otay dam breaking.
ate water supply of San Diego, Engin
eer If. A. Whitney declared here today.
He is conversant with the supply sys
tem, as he reported officially on it some
time ago to the state railroad commis
sion. He pointed out that the Chollis
Heights, reservoir with about
week's suiu.lv. and the rnvnmmiin I
company reservoir are all the available
sources now, as the emergency wells
are out of commission from the storm.
Local engineers blamed the pmuii ...
11,1 nam on t lie method of construction
nt the Otay dam. This was a steel
riveted plate center with concrete on
ine oursi.ie. in an article of
voi rs, Jn mos Di- Kflinvli.i. t.;..t,i i...
this novel method of co.Istr,,,.;,..
'....in nn- test or time.
Oil Fields TTarrf wit
Fresno. Cal.. Jan 20 l itt, .1,
of clearing away the debris i- , I . " " tllP'r f","'nt' name form
i"K rnpidly, central C , ' 'J1T:. ! f 1,10 Milk-V W " rnnl.l-
counted the cost of the tnrrti' Lt . '
which has iust swent tho c;.,. t.'. ' ;
vallev ' ' ' -onqum
I Hie bulk of the damage centered in
! "T' ,Krn nml '-""f "ills oil
j.l'stiic.s. In the Coalinga district alone
"re than 525 derricks were ,lw
over ; doing damage which, it is estimat
;e.l; .1.0lHl.(ii!i will not co'ver.
1 a,',v"',,!' ,r",n Taft todav estimated
i "ver i the Ken, countv
; !'' -' aH.that the total stf,rm ,l,,ge
',Vno Vl"'ity would ex,-,,.,! $1.7;-,,, .
! rmbuiiti'd by their groat !,.!
oyer, the oil men of Ik.(1i di-tricts have i
.i.. ..my i,r.g, t ,,rfjVide f.,r the fu-'
Il'lC. l.UHl T n nn,.r. ,
, , , u.w, in,. -s i
i in'm' it nil rue work- r,f re.
i ' .."Mri-cring the dest roved rigs has al
i" ii.lv begun.
1 In nt.!iti..n to the demolished rig;
i:i:iiv i.f tli,. corepanicH suffered de
t rui f i..;i or tlninage to wnrehocses.
Waters Are Rerodt:i?.
Ani'.'l.-.-.. Oil.. Jan. 2:,'. Although
l.v dry stream beds v "re running
full to.lt.v. the south'-rn f'nlif.ir
"I'll wter he. I t.,l,;,J, , frm
nn inupiinrcd ten'r,rv
(1 n m
- ere ben- repairing th"
BRITISH EXPECT BIG BATTLE WITH TURKS
f U Kyt , 1 .
The British forces under General Town.tend, who made an unsuccessful attempt to capture Bajrdad, ara
now at Kut-el-Amara on the Tigris. A big Turkish army is in the vicinity and a decisive battle is expected soon.
Many Places In Danger From
Snow Slides-Train Just
Missed by Avalanche
Denver, Colo., Jan. 29. Casualties,
perhaps extremely aerious are feared to
day from snowslidcs iu (southwestern
That section of the state is locked in
by blizzards and shnoiv drifts 30 to 40
feet high. Wire service is interrupted,
while traffic at points is utterly impos
sible. Transcontinental railway scrvico at
C'umbres Pass is stopped, as the Bockies
are under 30 feet of snow.
Silverton, surrounded by rugged hills,
is in danger of being buried by aval
anches, one of which already imperilled
several hundred miners and $00,000
worth of property.
An avalanche hammering down
through tho mountains near Eockwood
swept two empty outfit cars on the
rear of a pnssenger train over a cliff
into the l.as Animas river, a sheer drop
of 1.000 feet.
Three conches containing 30 passen
gers and many section men and
ruilrond laborers escaped only bv
The blizzard has cut off livestock,
elks and other wild animals in some
of the higher altitudes. At Cunihresw
1'ass, a livestock train is blocked by the
drifts, with the animals in danger of
starvation because there is no imme
diate prospect of rescue.
Throughout the southwestern part of
the state, railroads nn. rm 1 ,-..,i n.;
l... . i '.v-i. j'l
weurnor grips the entire state
Astronomers Find Two
New Worlds In Milky Way
Berkeley, Cal., Jan. 2!),
"I,'""'' V" """H'."' ",w won.
nie treat, who solicit
I . ny tno University
.l".torn.m astronomers nt the stntioi
in r-anringo, Mule, it was announced
today. They hnve discovered two new-
1 10 "rmnment.
, 1 " .l"d;os of 1" Wegnllnnic
J "reaKing away trom that henvenlv
tno 'iN'''i","icrs believe that
tlmV n frt ... H1. .
...... i,,(,m i,LI- wi)u(I, iney are mov
ing 175 miles a second.
CHEIIALIS STORE BUBNS
C'hchalis, Wash., Jan. 2S.YViih
loss of approximately .t.l.fioo tl,.. lii.r
' to t:
goods stock of nllrtumn and Na-i
was destroyed by fire early to-j
while tho buildiiiL' was iln iiinir,i,l i
he extent of about $7,000. The fire I
mated on tin second floor n,l wit u '
presumably caused by defective wiring.
This Infest blov at the higlr.Miv !
system cost the southern count!
'tlm.. AO.ru nnr. t-
r-"",""v, .-.-. lining to e.tiimat
.m:miv Onr ecu must tin r..l.,. It I.
filled and a great deal of rniidln.il nn'.
i tirelv rel.'tid.
! Ifailroads are rushing repairs.
Tiins wiiicii had l,crn stalled for as
I long as oO hours were moved ti.dnv.
I The damage wen most seven; in the
, orange groves, where lanes were g:ili
.el through fanioux orchards, find in the
! low lauds between T.os Angeles and the
beaches. lieporls from nenrby towns
! this morning indicated the work of
clearing the streets of fallen tries :.n '
if'th"r tltiris was completed.
j tn i
ji . . .-v r t .'. t. :
"Nation Mur Stand Willi
Others to South Against
NOTE OF GRAVE WARNING
RAN THROUGH ADDRESS
Made Short Talk to Great
Waiting Throng That Could
Not Get In Building
Tittsbiirg, 1'a.. Jan. 20. Warning the
American people that entirely "new
circumstances have arisen for which
the country must prepare itself," Presi
dent Wilson today asked that all "tend
to the business of preparing not for
war, not for aggression but for nation
Through his speech, there ran a strain
of grave warning that perils may be
just ahead. Dangers to America, he
termed "grave and constant."
"Thrust aside your personal ambi
tions," he counselled, "and act for the
we;f..'-e of the country."
"The struggle abroad has now last
ed a year and a half; the end is not
vet and all the time, things are getting
more and more difficult to handle. 1 1
all could see the dispatches I read every
hour they would know how difficult it
has been to maintain peace.
"We are in the midst of a world we
j cannot niter, and therefore as your re
i sponsible servant, I must tell you that
jthe dangers arc grave n ml constant.
"We are even dependent now upon
the belligerents for the movement of
Must Forget Politics.
"Where there is contact, there is
likely to be friction, and with nations!
engaged as many now are in a life and I
death struggle, they nre likely to be
come stubbornly steadfast in their pro
posals and convictions."
The president's words stirred more
than fi.000 persons crammed into Me
morial hall. Nearly as manv more were
iinclccd into the second floor of the
buililinf. hoiiiiiL' that the executive
would address them later. Yet others
were herded along the sidewalks, tie
nin ti.1 ! mr . n t in 1 ce. So rn-pnt hum llu.
throng, that the president addressed
I iricf K !i n fi vr It'l (tw mcpf ! n rf
"I 'want von to go home, determined
in ti.ii ..ii iviii.iii ti, r.t ;.
fluence to urge iirci.aredncss so that
the president shall go home with the
I people's bin kiiig ill serving his convic-!
t;,,,, i i w, t,riu .i.,.,i
Ihis n'...in ' n. I. "Tl,,. ., f ,.' l,i.il
si'i'isi"! to ne iiir.iuei-s tlcoatcs
Hit rc i
will be further ming a plan for nntiounl
di f.'inc -- nn;i partisan which wii'
make us tlv.t there is a great spirit t.f
Great Crowd Cheers.
t-l.iiig. Pa.. Jan. 21. Itefsre
ing t!i., :!, 1-. pricked into Meinor
ill. Pre id. nt Wilson struck a new
(Continued on I'ago Three.)
AT KUT-EL-AMARA .
i K Ml J o
All Hope Abandoned For
African Liner Carrying
1841 President, New York to
Liverpool, 13(1 aboard.
lS.r)ii -Pacific, Liverpool to'
New- York, 210 aboard.
1857 Tempest, 150 aboard.
1.S70 City of Boston, New York
to Liverpool, ISO aboard.
8,S0 Atlantic, from Bermuda,
ISMii Abbie Carver, from Hong
kong, 70 aboard.
If"1' Appnm, French Senegal,
for Liverpool, 300 aboard.
London, Jan. 29.-Tlie African liner
Appnm was chalked up today by news
papers on the lists of ships that went
tlown to the sea and never returned.
All hope for the safety of 300 per
sons aboard the vessef, bound from
French Senegal for Liverpool had been
abandoned, and there was a growing
fear that other vessels had -sunk in the
storm that rnged off the Moroccan
coast from January 15 to IS.
Owners of the Appam, though, still
cung to the faint hope that tho vessel
hud foundered anil that survivors had
been picked up by fishing boats. Ship,
ping men, however, though no lifeboats
could have breasted the seiis that raged
during the gale.
They point uut that since installa
tion of wireless aboard ships, there has!
iieeu no siinilur disaster to a steamer
carrying so many persons, though in the
days before this invention, a half dozen
ships vanished from Ihe waters, with no
traces ever heaid of (hem again.
TABLETS HARD TO "KICK"
Marshficld, Or., Jan. 27. An ingen
ious druggist at I'owers, n logging town
near here, has discovered how to put up
whiskey in the form of tablets. A log
ger came to Marshficld drunk today
and told the district attorney that ho
had dissolved one of the tablets in a
glass of water and got a genuine kick
out of it. The prosecutor said this'
was against the law, and sent an of-j
ficcr to Powers to stop it immediately.!
Salt Lake City, I'lah, Jan. 27. V. L.
Hood, San Jiego hotel man, ami his
wife who came here with Kuymoud
Ootids, negro, uro on their way home
today. Though Mis. Hood's statements
to (lie ptdice indicated she came with
DoibU because of love for him, Hood
insists there was a conspiracy , ami is
reconciled with his wife.
SECOND CHINESE REVOLT
Petri e, i e. I, Jan. 21. A second revo
lution is sweeping northern China, ac
cording to Miil.tlcii ad'.ices tod ty.
These reports said Hat ihe Mongolian
i ii :ti r ' uts have tcmpied Kweihwat
ii'g, 2. el mil'.i i.tn tlicaM of 'eking. Tne
gmcriinieiit vas said to be unable tu
suppress the Y'uniiL'ii involution. .
BERLIN TOLD AMERICA'S
PATIENCE IS EXHAUSTED
Dilly-dallying Methods of Ambassador Von Bernslorff la
Dealing With Secretary of State Over Lusitania Matter
Must Give Way To Definite ActionSoldiers of All
Entente Nations Landed In Greece Conflicting Reports
From Western Front
Washington, Jan. 29. That the Lusitania negotiations
with Germany are again assuming very grave proportions
was admitted by officials today.
The administration has caused Germany to under
stand that prompt compliance with the American demand
for disavowal of the torpedoing is necessary if the Teu
tons desire to avoid a break in friendly relations with the
United States. Further, Germany has been informed that
if her next reply shows a continued desire for delay in
granting satisfaction, grave consequences may ensue.
The administration, too, has let Berlin know that its
patience is taxed over the German dilly dallying evi
denced in Lusitania conversations Ambassador Von
Bernstorff has had with Secretary of State Lansing.
Secretary Lansing, however, made it clear today that
the situation had not reached the ultimatum stage, no
matter how plainly Berlin has been given to understand
America's position. Concerning the report that Germany
had been given until February 5 to disavow the torpedoing,-he
declared that "there is nothing in it."
Meanwhile the administration anticipates favorable
responses to the identical note sent to all belligerents
seeking establishment of new and universal principles of
international law affecting submarine warfare. More
difficulty, however, is anticipated in getting pledges, as
desired, that the Jidligerents will not arm merchantmen.
However, if this provision is rejected, the United States
will insist that no armed merchant ships visit American
Athens, Jan. 20.- Soldiers of all the
entente nations have landed on llreek
Salonika dispatches today told of tho
debarkation of an expedition of marines
from French, Hritish, Italian antl Ku-
siiin warships Friday at daybreak, and
their occupation of the fort of Karabar
over the protest of tho Check com
mander. Incitement and some consternation
resulted ns this was tho first appear
ance of Italian and ifusslnn troops in
(irecce, and the first lnnding in which
till the ullies had been involved.
The fort is locuted on tho peninnula
nt the eastern entrance of the hend of
the (lulf of Salonika. Tho warships
approached the landing spot, and quick
ly their boats wero sent ashoro will;
(i,0()0 marines A messngo was Rent to
the fort eoaimander announcing tho in
tention of tho troops to occupy tho
position, and in answer ho sent a note
of protest, though at the tamo timo he
withdrew his forces.
The reason for the landing was the
belief of tho allies that the Austro-Oer-mnn
submarines were obtaining supplies
from the peninsula. Moreover, tho al
lies wanted the place because of its
Officials expressed surprise nt the
presence of Italian and Hussion war
vessels in C.reok waters, for tioao hail
heretofore been reported there.
Vessel May Carry Guns.
Washington, Jan. 2!t. Thn Italian
Stock Prices at Week End
Show General Decline
(Copyrighted 1010 bv the New York
New York. Jan. 20.- The week on
the stock exchange en. led ns it begun,
with .1 ilecliiie: iu other words, the ten
dency which has existed since the
month began, continued. The streets
would not have been Wall street if it
had not insisted Hint the weakness was
in response to current events.
A great ileal was made of tiio presi
dent 's statement "I cannot tell yon
what internntion il relations will be to
morrow," and also of the report offi
cially denied of n time limit ultima
tum sent to fiermany for disavowing
of the Lusitania torpedoing.
Declines were general, but they chief
ly pfi'tecd war stocks.
"The monster petition" inflicted on
congress agiinst export of munitions
was merely thn result of the govern
ment's again setting forth its unassail
CAPLAN TRIAL MARCH 11
T.oi Angeles, f'al., Jan. 20. Tuilgo
Willis today set the murder trial of
David Chaplan, alleged Times dyna
miter, over to March 1 t. M. A.
Schmidt, convicted of murder in con
nection wilii the Times building disas
ter was given .1 further stay of exo
eiition pen, ling appeal. Hu is under
sentence of lit'-' imprisonment.
liner Verona will be allowed to lent
New York, carrying two hundred sra-ill
gnns, as tho Romo government has as
sured the state department that. tlie?e
will bo used only for defensive pur
poses. Germans Beat French.
Derlin, by wireless to Sayvillo, T,
T., Jan. 20. In the greutest Gorman
offonsivc Along tho western front in
months, the Teuton won nearly a mile
of French trenches in too Artois re
gion, captured the village of FriBe, and
1,000 yards of French trenches south
of tho river Somnie, along with 1200
prisoners, the war office revealed today-
The doublo offensive was launched
early yesterday morning, when the Ger
mans stormed the French lines.
"Several French ntt.icks noar Neu
villo broke down thoii'jh tho enemy
occupied a mine crater," the statement
French Beat Germans.
Xi iris, Jan. 2!). After hours of ficrc
bombardment, the Germans attached
south of the Sonime yestcrd.iy but wer
repulsed each time, said today's com
munitpio. An offensive was staged
along a front of several miles from th
Hnmmo to Frise anil to the south.
Meanwhile no lull marked tho bat
tling north of Arms, particularly from
Neuvilli! to Oivenchy.
"In thn region of Ville-cn feurnt,
our artillery set fire to a (lernun am
munition depot mid explosions result
ed," said the statement.
MUST HAVE LICENSES
Sucrjunento, Cal., Jan. 20. Detect
ives employed by the Arson committee,
of fin i nsn rn iie-1 companies operating
on tho pacific coast must bo licensed
in accordance with law, rules tho at
torney general today in nn opinion to
tho detective license department of th
state board of prison tli rectors.
The Arson conimitceo wis formed to
carry nn an investigation of the origin
of fires of a suspicious nature.
It will soon be time for houseclcan
ing in preparation for those old
friends who will accept their invita
tions to visit Oregon,
t THE WEATHER
nigiit and Nin