Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, December 27, 1915, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Lloyd George Tells Workmen
laxed If England Is to Win' Must Rk rl Munitions or
Tell the Kaiser "We Cannot Go 0n"-h N0 Ton Liner
Hits Mine and Goes Down -Big Italian h Sunk by
Submarine-Russia Organizes Great ArnV)
Londou, Dec. 2". Using as their slog
an Lloyd-George's "too late," iuflu
entinl new spacers today d em untied a re
organization of the cabinet. Lloyd
(ieoigo would be tlie probable head of
the government if Asquilh wero forced
J'rompt decisive action in the matter of
. forcing conscription, however, can save
Asquith, his colleagues and tho press
hinted. Despite optimistic reports, it
is hinted that the Lord Derby recru't
jug enmpaign was not a success, and the
fact that results thereof were withheld
apparently confirms this view.
Conscription advocates demanded
that there bo no further sidestepping
of the issue. They held that the issue
ought not to be submitted to a general
election. Ou tho contrary; anti-con-ycriptionists,
pointed to Laborites'
threats of the danger of conscription
and their announcement that they
would fight such a move to the finish.
Unless the issue is met at tonight's
cabinet session, advocates of compul
sion expect to renew their fight on
Asquith concerning tne Dardanelles and
Balkan failures.
The whole nation was stirred today
liy the speech of Lloyd-Oeorgc Christ
Jiias before a mass meeting of uuion men
at Glasgow.
In this ho told them frankly that
union rules must be relaxed if England
is to succeed. Two courses, otherwise,
are open, he declared. The first is to
go to the men in the trenches and in
form them that "perhaps in 1W17 Amer
ican workmen 'will have furnished you
, enough munitions;" tho other, is to. go
to the kaiser and tell him '.'wo cannot
Co on." Such a course, be said, would
Jay the nation open to a largo indemn
ity, and would moan the annexation of
Belgium and one or more British col
onies by Germany.
Russia's Mighty Army.
San rrancisco, Dee. 27. Kussia is
opnrimmiig ine mignnest nrmv the
world has ever seen and while it is in I
process of formation no man can leave
too czar's domains without a white
ticket which alone will save him from
service in the army, Max Goutchan, a
Jiussain student who arrived here to
day aboard the liner Tenyo Maru, said.
Men in every walk of' life and boys
still in their teens are being mustered
into service, Goutchan said. Kussia is
buildiiior the mightiest fighting ma
chine in point of numbers in the his
tory of wars, he stated.
"The war is far from being near its
end," Goutchan said. "I was at the
iogo of Antwerp and served with the
Ked Cross there. Churches were laid
low and schools demolished. During
my work with the Red Cross relief
corps, I saw women and children in the
field hospitals with beyonet wounds."
16,000 Ton Liner Hits Mine.
New York, Dec. 27. The 15,000 ton
British liner Arlnnza, believed to have
been commandeered at tho outbreak of
the war, was sunk off Archangel, prob
ably by a mine December 10, according
to reports today. Tho news was sup
pressed for fear that neutral shippers
would be alarmed.
She was the largest ship sunk thus
far, with the exception of the Lusi
tanin and Arabic.
Jap Liner Not Warned,
Washington, Dec. 27. American Con
sul Brixtow at Port Said, cabled the
Abe Martin $
Why can't a football player git his
jictine took without lookiu' like he
mis wanted for snmethin'f It haiut
till we grow tip that we git fouled on
people. .
) kv HUH I
Union Must Be Re
state department today a confirmation
of the reported torpedoing of the Jap
anese liner Ynsnka Maru without warn
ing. He said that the periscope was
seen afterward, but that the nationality
of the submarine was not known. Tin
department is awaiting knowledge of
this point before framing any protest
against jeopardizing the life of the sin
gle American passenger aboard.
tTntil n cruiser picked up the sur
vivors of the Yasaka Maru, the attack
ing submarine, said the report, followed
them apparently to sec that no harm
befell the passengers.
Tho fact that the nationality of the
submarine supposedly Austrinu or Ger
man is pnknown makes further inves
tigation necessary before any protest
can be mnde by this government.
Italian Liner Sunk.
Turis, Dec. 27. Six passengers and
one seaman perished, but 150 others
were saved, when the Italian liner Tort
Said was sunk by a submarine, accord'
ing to Milnn dispatches today. Thesa
messages reported that the attacking
undersea boat flew Austrian colors.
Tho Tort Said's call for help was
answered by an Italian destroyer, which
pursued the submarine for miles. The
submarine, however, escaped by div.
After Tescuing the Port Said's pas
sengers the destroyer seized a Greek
steamer which stood by during tho tor
pedoing. It was believed she shielded
tho submarine, and perhaps had been
supplying her.
Turks Get a Beating.
London, Deo. 21. The Turks have
been heavily defeated in an attack on
Kut-el-nmnrn, the British base to which
retreuting forces retired after failure
of the Bagdad expedition, it was of
ficially announced today.
General Townsheud reported that the
Turks lost upwards of GOO men.
Tho Constantinople war office report
ed the Turks attempting to surround
Persians (Jet Whipping.
Petrogrud, Dec. 27. Kussian soldiers
defeated several thousand rebellious
Persian gendarmes, lod by Turk and
German officers, midway between Teh
eran and Hamadnn, the war office said
"In tho Riga region we silenced Ger
man batteries," tho statement added.
"South of Ikskul, Germans used asphy
xiating gas bombs. On the Dvinsk front
they were repulsed." .
Siberian King in Italy.
Paris, Dec. 27. King Peter of Serbia
has been landed by a warship in ituly.
ne was taken oft in an armchair, auu
plans to go to Koine, then to the viliu
limmanuei, provided tor him. Possibly
later ho will make a trip to Salonika
to canter with the Serbian minister ot
war. Before sailing he delegated his
autnority to Crown Prince Alexander,
Says Allies Gnrw Stronger.
Los Angeles, Cab, Dee. 27. William
.1. Finlay, of Los Angeles, who was
wounded while tiglitinir with the t'au
nilians in the battle of Fnstubort, is
with his parents hero todav. on fur
lough. Ho says the armies of the allies
are growing stronger and more efficient
continually, and that diey have not yet
put lortu tneir tuu strength.
No Turks or Bulgars,
London, Dec. 27. Greece will not per
mit Turk or Hulgar forces to cross the
: urecinu irontier and has so notified the
fiiuiat'r, uccuruing to press uispatenes to
il uy.
Another report said that Greeco had
consented to the crossing.
Hindus Stirring Revolt.
Exeter. Cal.. Doc. 27 With tlu unr.
poso of aiding in finmiciug u revolu
tion against iiruisn rule in indiu, 100
Hindus in this region have organized
and are conducting a campuiyu for
Italians on Greek Border.
London, Dec. 27. ltaliuu troops who
landed ot. Avloua have crossed the Al
banian mountains and reached the
Ureok frontier in southern Albania, ac
cording to an Athens dispatch today,
Submarina Got One,
London, Dec. 27.--The l.NOO ton Bri
tish steamer llndley has been sunk by a
submarine, but her crew was rescued,
Muskogee, Okla., Dec. 27. The mob
spirit which prompted an attack of a
nig erowd upon tho county jail had ap
parently subsided today. '-Tho two ne
groes imprisoned for aliened murder,
nnd sought by tho mob were safe either
in Tulsa or a nearby jail, having been
!'iriivu itwu.
French Send Peace Prayers
to German Trenches
. Loaded in Shells .
By CJarl W. Ackerman.
(I'nited Pross.stuff correspondent.)
Lille, via Berlin, Dec. 27. English
mines blew the tiny Christmas tree
from the German trenches Saturday and
sent the Germans runnini; belter skelter.
There was no Christmas truce, at least
not ou tins iront.
On Christinas ever, 3,000 soldiers
heard a peace sermon in the cathedral
at St. Maurice.
"Let us pray God that Ho will carry
our peace prayers to tho enemy," said
tlie minister, und censweless artillery
firing between Yprcs and LaBussee
echoed his words.
Throughout the night there was
heavy artillery firing despite a rain
storm. Lille awoke Christinas morning
to find the town flooded, while other
villages near the front seemed to be
Hut despite the downpour, Lille's
250,000 inhabitants mid thousands of
soldiers managed to celebralo the holi
day merrily. Lighted and decorated
Christmas trees peeped from the win
dows of homes, ami larger onesh were
seen in the station and restaurants.
.daily soldiers curried trees to the
trenches, to the astonishment of of
ficers and probubly the. enemy.
The German front on Christmas of
fered a refutation of the world wide
accusation that "the Knglish are let
ting the French do all the fighting."
Oil Thanksgiving, I walked for two
hours along the front line trenches in
the Argoime, sometimes 15 feet from
the French works. Only three rifle
shots and occasional artillery firing
were heard. But on Christmas even the
rain did not stop the British artillery.
Every clear day, they said, Knglish
aeroplanes hover over Lille whose sub
urbs are in rench of the Knglish guns,
which bombarded occasionally. As soon
as tho bombardment ceases, children
again play in the streets.
On Christmas cvo here, it was like
Christmas with one great family. The
correspondents sat with 1,000 Goetting
la'ndstrum men, every one of whom was
married. SomO one figured that they
have 5,100 children. They unpacked
cigars and cigarettes, knives, flash
lights, fruits, nntcakes, sausages and
bacon mid other presents frob home,
and were joyous.
The captain addressing them said:
"A yenr ago I predicted we would
spend another Christmas in the field.
Now I wish to repeat this prediction
for the coming yenr. Germany is fight
ing four leading powers: some say she
will fight a fifth."
The latter was obviously intended to
mean America.
While the captain spoke, tho soldiers'
eyes were dimmed with tears.
The officer escorting our party re
plied briefly, and was heartily applaud
ed when he hoped for pence before an
other Christmas.
On Christmns afternoon tho $1500,000
theatre started by the French and com
pleted by the Germans was formally
opened by the crown prince of Bavaria.
Sixteen hundred soldiers attended.
One By One They Fly Away
and Return Not, Neither
Bear They Olive Twigs
By Charles P. Stewart.
(Tinted Press Staff Correspondent.)
Stockholm, Dec. 27. The Kurd peace
expedition sought todav to coax back
into the dovecote (he dove of peace
that escaped while the party was en
route to Europe.
The new management is trying to
prevent further secessions from the
ranks, and at the same time, stir a new
spirit of hnrnionv. Kev. Jenkins Lloyd
Jones believes there is still a chance
for-partial success if this harmony en
sues. At n meeting hit night, lenders ex
plained Ford's plans to enlist HO0 so
cialists who would probably support
the program staunchly.
Tile Swedish press today declared
the expedition might have hastened
pence if it had been properly managed.
The latest secession from ranks was
that of Mrs. Inez Miilhollnnd lioisse
vain of New York, who attacked the
antocralic control of the expedition.
Bryan Will Join Party.
Copenhagen, Dec. 27. Former Secre
tary of State Bryan today cabled Ford
peace expedition that he will join them
here, according to ndvlc.es local peace
organs received.
Meantime, Governor ITnnnn, of North
Dakota, who quit the peace expedition
In a "huff." is in St. Josephs hospital
here suffering with influenza.
Local peneo advocates said that re
ports that tho Ford party would make
its headquarters here, instead of going
to The Hague, were unfounded. In fact,
they clnlmed, that, negotiations are now
(Continued on Pass Five.)
Murder May Start Tong War
Between Chinese Factions
in America
Each Faction Accuses Other
of Causing Death of
Wong Yuen Yung
San Francisco, Dec. 27. Fearful lest
assassination of Wong Yuen Yung,
cousin of the Chinese emperor here
lend to a war between rival gunmen in
local Chinatown, police today trailed
every possible clue to his slayer.
In dark alleys, where tongnien gath
er, they interviewed sleepy-eyed celes
tials, always meeting the same answer
a shrug of the shoulders and a grunt
iiiuiriuiiiK lacu oi comprehension, They
sought, too, to wring from leaders of
the monaaehist nnad republican group
some information tlmla would lead to
What little they couhl glean from
persons unfriendly to the murdered
Chinese tended to confirm their view
that he was slain by monaraehist sym
pathizers because ho deserted Yuan
.Shi Kai 's cause recently. Yung was
shot down from ambush as he rose
from dinner in the exclusive Shang
llai Low restaurant Saturday evening.
Editor Woug of the Young Chinn
newspapers revealed that Yung had
written him a confidential letter, say
ing he had broken with the emperor be
cause he disagreed his monarchist am
bitions. This lettr followed circula
tion of Chinese newspaper reports that
Yung was an agent of tho emperor here
on a secret mission.
Other Chinese held thnt Yung was a
powerful figure in bis own land, and
that if he took an active part against
the emperor, it would certainly be to
the advantage of monarchist agents to
have him out of the way.
Revolution Is Imminent.
Meantime, affairs in China, to which
Yung's murder is traced, are wavering
on the brink of revolution, advices in
dicate, t
Assistant Editor Chang, of the
Young Chinn newspaper reported re
ceipt of cablegrams telling of three
provinces, supposedly Yunn's bulwark
of strength, wavering.
"If they turn against him, Yunn's
dream of being emperor will be blast
ed," said Chang.
Uther cables said that KwangHi, Yun
nan and Wzeehueii provinces nro defin
itely in revolt against the emperor.
The Yountr China newspaper sent n
cnbe saying that the present and form
er governor of Yunnan province had
notified the governors of Kinngs, ( hew
Chow and Kwaugsi provinces that Yu
an had tailed to heed their request for
abdication and that the,y had since urg
ed these three provinces to revolt
against him. In the three nro vast
numbers of troops.
The same dispatch declnred LI Yuan
Huug, vice president of the republic,
under Yun Shi Kai had been mado a
prisoner when he rejected Ynan's of
fer of the title of princo to support
the monarchy.
Portland Chines Anxious.
Portland, Or., Dee. 27. Two thous
and Portland Chinese wero today
awaiting anxiously news from their na
tive laud as to the political results in
China of the shooting of the emperor's
cousin, Wong Vneii Yung in San Fran
cisco Saturday night. These 2000
Chinese are Freemasons, ami Moy Hum
a prominent interpreter, declares they
are willing to die in battle fighting
for the republic.
Latin America Likes
United States Policy
(Ily United Press.)
Washington, Dec. 27. Latin-America
likes the I'nited Slates' new Pan
American policy. Definite assurances
of this weru given today ns the repre
sentatives ot 20 American Kepublics
responded to the welycome Vice-President
Mjirashall ami Secretary Lansing
extended to the second Pun-Americana
Scientific conference. Hot li speakers
emphasized the new policy of non-interference
in the affairs of other Am
erienn nations. The object of the con
ference is to bring about closer co-opi
eration in Pun-American relutions in
solving transportation, financial and
scientific piobleins of common Inter
est. President Wilson's recently an
nounced interest in . an-Ainerican mut
ters gave it an unusual importance,
livery one of the 21 republic in the
western hemisphere Is represented. Ar
gentine appropriated t!KI,(Hi(l for its
part in the III day session. An elabor
ate series of entertainments for the
delcgutes and their wives has been ar
ranged. Chief of these me the Pan-
Amricaii reception at tho White, House,
January 7, an a farewell banquet,
January H, both considered diplomatic
ally important.
American Countries Consti
tute Family Group "One
for AH, All for One"
Washington, Dec. 27. Secretary of
State Lansing's positive declaration
that the Monroe doctrine carries the
same force today that has gone unchal
lenged through four decades marked the
first session of the first session of the
second Pan-American scientific con
gress here today. A warm acceptance of
the doctrino of Pan-Americanism fea
tured the nddross of Chuirman Sunrcz.
"The Monroe doctrine is the national
policy of tho United States," said
Lansing. "Pnu-Americnnsim is tho in
ternational policy of tho Americas. Mo
tives differ to some extent but the
ends sought nro tho snmc. Both policies
can exist without impnirinag iiu force
of either. Both do oxist and I trust
they will ever continue in all their
"Internationalism uppeared to bo in
creasing in influence in the civilized
world whnn th tirnnctif n-nr flint frmnl
L , ...uv 6..
manifestation of nationalism, Btayed its
progress in &uropo and brought dis
couragement to those who had hoped
the new idea would llshni- in n nnu- nrn
of universal peace and justice. Let us
nope iiiai it is tne mini outburst or the
cardinal evils of nationalism, which for
nearly a century Rnrciul ita hnnnfnl in.
fluence over the worm.
"Pan-Americanism is an expression
of internationalism. America has be
come the minrdifln nf thnt irlna a-lill.
will in the end rule the world."
Nearly 1,000 distinguished persons
from North and South America' are at
tending the session.
Washington. Dec. 27. Tim XCnnrnn,
doctrine America for Americans is
as sacred a principle now as when it
was at first proclaimed, Secretary Lans
ing Baid significantly today before the
second Pan-American Scientific con
gress. "The feclinir that 21 Amnrlcnn pa.
publics eonstituto a group separate and
apart irora otuer nations, with com
mon ideals and aspirations has become
today a definite cnrtiiin fnrfn whw.h
draws thorn together and makes them
ine American inmiiy of nations," he
Furthermore, he reiterated President
Wilson's declaration that tho United
States will never exercise might to
wrest territory rrora her neighbors. . At
the same time, he suggested that tho
republics might woll take the motto of
Duma's "Three Musketeers" "one
for all, all for one. "
He urged co-operation in defense
against any country coveting th .jches
of tho Americans. Hm rtfcturnrl tno. tlm
Kuropenn continent at war, with its
uutoiu misery ana torriDie nentago or
suffering transmitted to posterity, eom
nared with theMn rtntinntn fit. nnnp
teaching a lesson of peace that should
not De ignoroa.
By William Philip Sinuns.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With the French Army, Dec. 27
Under an abominable warm drizzle and
thawing snow, except in the peaks and
high passes, the oddest and most Im
pressive Christmas Alsace has ever
known, has eomo and gone. The world
has witnessed few more dramatic yule
tides. While soldiers forgot Jesus' birthday
in grimly calculating the ranges for
their incessant artillery firing, and in
softly swearing over tho misses, hap
py Alsatian families, 1,000 yards in the
rear of tho battle lines dressed Christ
mas trees, sang old time carols and
wero happy over their return to
While enormous munitions columns,
heedless of Christinas, toiled across the
Jura and Vosges mountains, crowds
packod tho cathedral at a midnight
mans, praying for tho new-come French
armies. While tho great pipe organs
trumpeted "Ln Deliverance" and "Lo
Noel," tho guns on llnrntmnnnsweiler
kopf boomed their accompaniment like
the roar of a distant surf. Belnaco
never staged anything like it.
On Christinas evo I watched the
bombardment north of Altkirch.
Through tho rnngo finder, its houses
seemed to bo only across the street.
The public square wns distinctly visi
ble. It wns deserted except for the
passage of a few vehicles or for a few
(lernuin soldiers scurrying to cover.
Only at points wero the Germans visi
ble. "Thnt lust shot was beautiful, mag
nficcnt a bull's eye to a hair," said
an officer telephoning from distant
While guns continued to hurl their
Christmas gifts of high explosives to
ward tho (Icrmansf somo quoted
"pcaco on earth, good will to men"
to a young grnduato of St. f.'yr, in the
mouth when the war begun, but now a
(By United Press.)
Washington, D. C, Dec. 27.
President Woodrow Wilson,
who will be 59 years old tomor-
row is, by virtue of the letter
W at tho beginning of his giv-
en name, the very last of the
niiietv-tliree Wilsons listed in
Who's Who In America. Po-
culinrly enough also, the re-
cital of Woodrow Wilson's lifo
record takes up only 3 inches sje
of Who's Wbo space, while
the record of James Harrison sje
Wilson; soldier and railroader,
is accorded about an inch more.
Lawmakers Up Against Job
of Discovering Tax That
Will Please Everybody
By Porry Arnold.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Dec. 27. House demo
crats have decided to fling aside Pres
ident Wilson 's suggestion for taxing
internal combustion engines, now an
institution ou farms throughout the
Congress oegan to hear from "the
country" just ns soon ns the presi
dent's message wns printed. Every
farmer, who owned a gasoline engine
to operate his fodder cutter, his sepa
rator, his churn or pump, was up in
arms. Tho response to the president's
suq-ijesion was so instantaneous and
vigorously negative particularly from
farmers in addition to tho expected
howl from the autoniobilist that ad
ministration leaders in congross decid
ed it was political expediency to drop
tho pionosed plan at once.
Congressional leaders, with an eye
on the farmcis votes next vear, as woll
as the votes of autoniobilists decided
it would be better to shelve tho engine
tax. Another factor in this decision, it
is understood, is the widespread use of
automobiles as farm vehicles.
The proposed tax on gasoline is still
an issue. Certain members profess to
sec in the rocent flse in gasoline prices
an effort by the Standard Oil company
to create a sentiment against this plan
of raising revenue. The gasoline user,
now paying from 15 to 24 cents a gal
lon according to locality, would raise
a terrific roar if tho government pro
posed to add two or more cents on each
gallon as a tax. An increasing senti
ment for a heavy inheritance tax is ap
parent among members. There is also
considerable opposition to the bank
check tax, suggested by tho president.
Marshficld, Ore., Dec. . 27. North
Bend people today took up a subscrip
tion to rebuild the home of Mrs. Eliz
abeth Culbortson, who risked her own
lifo Intc last night by dashing through
tho flumes to save her two little grand
children from being burned to death in
bed. The house wns entirely destroyed.
veteran captain in tho legion of hon
or. "You think ninu killing inn I Christ
mas are anachronisms " ho smiled,
"Well, Americans thought perhaps
an unofficial truce would be observ
ed," 1 suggested.
"Toe French army is fighting to up
hold Christinas," he said, "for all that
Kris Krinule represents for the right
to live without the mailed list forever
poised over our heads, for the people,
or good will between neighbors, and
the right to enjoy Santa Clans in our
homes without danger.
"Jt was Oermany that violated both
the spirit ami letter of the law quoted
by St. Luke. The allies will not stop
fighting until they punish her."
Meantime, tho guns barked on. Men
at tho front were cither too busy or
else not inclined to observed Christ
mas. They received boxes of delicacies
from the government, from their homos
and irnm organizations, opened them
casually, emptied tho contents into
their pockets and elsewhere, and tion
immediately resumed fighting,
Our party attended midnight innss In
a town near Ilartmaniisweilerkoiif. The
It curfew law was suspended tor tho
Tho cathedra! wus packed with wom
en, children und soldiers. Tho organ
ist was iiiiHsnrd, one of tho best known
musicians in France, now a dragoon in
the nrmv. Tho chief soloist, now a sor-
geiint, is a blacksmith in pcaco times.
I ho choir was made up entirely of sol
dinrs. In the audience, three generals
listened soberly.
As the chimes of midnight rolled out
over the town, the or:iu hurst forth
into "Christians. It Is the Sacred of
Deliverance. " Then the choir took up,
"lln Is born the Divino Infant."
While tho congregution knell in
prayer, ami a priest prepared the Holy
Sncraiuent, the guns kept on belching
their lire una ileum,
State Public Service Commis
sion Issues Order On Intra
State Traffic
.Ruling Made In Accordance
With Amendment Made by
1914 Legislature
The State Public Service commission
today issued an order comDellinir the
physical connection of tho Southern
1'acifie and Oregon Electric lines at Al
bany and which order promises to be
far reaching in its subsequeat effects
as a similar ease from Hulem and one
from Mt. Angel is also pending. The
ordor requires that the Southern Pacific
and the Oregon Eloctric railroads in Al
bany connect their trncks within 30
days so as to permit tho interchange of
rroignt shipments consigned to. other
points within this stnto.
This is the first ordor remilrine physi
cal connection of rival railroad lines
that has ever been handed down ip this
state nndor tho law that was passed h .
the 1913 legislature. Under the act
authorizing the establishment of a stnto
railroad commission it was stated that
the commission would have the power
to regulate traffic within the state and
undor this act the commission issued an
order practically requiring physical con
nection in tho case of the Southern Pa.
cifie company against Campbell. Th'm
order was overruled in the federal
court by Judge Wolverton who held
tnat the terms of the act were too broad
anJ - interfered with Interstate, com
merce. Accordingly the act was amenoT
eu by the 1913 legislature to give the
commission power fo fegulate "intra:
state traffic" and the present eas
will probably bring a test of this pro-'
vision bnt the commission considers
that it has a fnr better case than under
the previous suit. i ' .
The ease at Albany was started by
an Individual shipper but the county
and a number of other important ship
pers joined ln the complaint and after
an extensive hearing which was fought
out on every point the commission in
sued the order today requiring tho phys
ical connection of the two lines. The-
commission's order requires, however,
tnat it must tie shown that the neces
sary volume of business actually exists
and that prospective business cannot be
considered. It wns held that at Albsnv
a number of the largest shippers would
be accommodated by being able to, shin
rrom eertain points on the S. F. branch
and main lines to points on tho Orecon
Electric lines not readied by 8, P. lines
and to accommodate these shippers the
order was made.
The Southern Pacific was the main
opposition to the order as the Orepon
Electric remained largely "neutral" in
the case though a party defendant ia
the action. The S. P. attorneys te-k
the stand that the territory of the Wil
lnmotte valley belonged to the P. P
virtue of prior establishment of a line
nnd that tho railroad had built tip the
indnstrles of tho valley and thnt the
Oregon Electric was encroaching upon
their territory. Tho commission held
rnther to tho opposite that the ino
tries of the valley which grew no be
e.nnse of the natural resources had b-:"
up the railroad and that the so-called
territory was not to become tho person
al property of any particular corpora,
tion but the business wns to be th
bnsis of competition thnt should benefit
the shipper.
The Salem case wns brought by th
Mays-floode ftrick company of Dnnnld
and it wns claimed that it was necessary
to reload ears in Salem nnd to pay extra
drnyngo nnd lnbor expenses thnt would
bo eliminated if the bmiled car from one
system could be switched to the other
company's tracks without reloading or
Greece Makes Demands.
Berlin, by wireless to Sayville, L. I..
Doe. 27. Greece has asked Bulgnrin
to evacuate Albania, according to Sofia
roports today. It is expected that Bul
garia will reply satisfactorily.
Oregon: Tonight
rain west, nnd in
creasing cloudi
ness nnd warmer
east portion; and
Tuesday rain in
west, snow east
portion; souther
ly winds, reach
ing gnlo forces
near tiio coast, i
TFI5 15 Dfcl