V ... FULL LEASED . WIRE DISPATCHES .., ' CIRCULATION IS OVER 4000 DAILY THIRTY-EIGHTH YEAR SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1915 PRICE TWO CENTS ON TBAXNB AMP KBWi STANDS TTVB CENTS RESUME OF PRESIDENTS MESSAGE TO CONGRESS Modern Monroe Doctrig rs That United States Is Partner With, Not Guardian Wier American Countries Hy penated Citizens He blares Must Be Driven Out and Disloyalty and Anart Crushed-America's Mission to Set World Example, Buufat Be Prepared For Self Defense Washington, Dec. 7. "The Americas for Americans." This is the new doctrine for' the United States for all the Americas and or the world, enunciated today by President Wilson. "Nationnl adequacy and security," were the keynotes of his opening mes sage to congress, read by him at a joint session of the Senate and Houso. Pan-Americanism, a partnership of (ho Amoriens ngninst Kuropeuu aggres sion, in common causes of independence, liolitical liberty, economic adjustments nnd developments of tho world war, is the president's conception of the mod ern development of the Monroe doc trine Upon this broad foundation the presi dent based his picas for preparedness, n preparedness applying not only to the army and navy but to nil national func tions, industrial, commercial, of trans portation iu a word, national ade quacy. Marshalling of the nation's resources, not for war but to ensure peace, in a union of tho Americas to maintain Hpcure from European interference, American ideas and ideals, was tho paramount thought pounded home by ' Iho president. The address of about f,000 words was tho longest ever made to congress by the president .Scathing, neorcliing denunciation of hyphenated Americans" who preach and practice disloyalty, was' a feature. . . . . Some Tilings Becommended. Among the president's specific recom mendations wero: Secretary of War Garrison's army reorganization plan. Secretary of the Navy Daniels' navy building program. A naval advisory council of defense. Laws to deal with foreign plots and conspirators. Government ship purchase. Increased taxes without a bond Issue. Rural credits legislation. Conservation measures. Philippine and Porto Riean "inde pendence." Investigation of railroad regulation and futuro development. In dedication of the new era of pan Americanism and its bearing upon necessity for United States ' self-sufficiency and security" the president Crnphicnlly pictures the present and future effects of tho war. "There was a time when the United States looked upon itself as In. gome sort the guardian of the republics to (he south of her" said tho president. "Every thoughtful , man of America must welcome tho altered circumstances of tho new days in whose light wo now stand, whon there Is no claim of guard ianship or thought of wards, but in stead a full and honorable association .19 partners in the Interest of all Amer ica. We still mean always to make a common cause of national independence and political liberty in America. But tho purpose is now better understood." Is Friend of Mexicans. Citing Mexican affairs as au ex ample of tho new doctrine, the presi dent continued: "Her fortunes are in her own )mnds. But at least we have proved that we will not take advantage of her in her distress and undortake to im pose upon her a government of our own What you kin see o' President Car ratma seems t' be all right, but his whisker prevent an. intelligent estl mate. You don't have t' bo in business Abe Martin V bo a cheater. choosing. Wo will aid and befriend Mexico, but we. will not coerce her; and our course ought to be sufficient proof to all America that we seek no sovereignty or selfish control." "The moral is that the states of America are not hostile rivals but co operating friends, and that their grow ing genso of community of interest, alike in matters political and in mat ters economic, aro likely to give them a new significance as factors iu inter national affairs and in tho political history of the world. It presents them as in a very true and deep sense, a unit in world affairs, spiritual partners, standing together because thinking to gether, quick with common sympathies and common ideals. Separated, they are subject to all the cross-currents of tho confused politics of a world of hos tile rivalries) united in spirit and pur pose they cannot be disappointed of their peaceful destiny. "This is pan-Americanism. It has nono of the spirit of empire in it. t is the embodiment, tho effectual em bodiment, of tho spirit of law and in dependence and liberty and mutual service." For National Defense. Tho president then outlined his plea for national defense. "Great democracies are not belliger ent," he said. "They do sot seek or desire, war. We insist upon security iu prosecuting our self-chosen lines of na tional development. "We do more than that. We de mand it also for others. We have set America aside as a whole for the uses of the independent nations and political freemen.. "Wo regard war merely as a means of asserting the rights of a people against aggression. We will not main tain a standing army except for uses which are as necessary is times ot peace as in times of war. But we do believe in a body of free citizens ready nnd sufficient to take care of themselves and of the governments which they have got up to serve them. "But war has never been a mere mat ter of men and guns. If our citizens are over ,to fifiht effectively upon a sudden summons, they must know how modern fighting is done. And tho government must , bo their servant; must supply them with the training they need to take care of themselves and of it. The military arm of their government they must properly use to mnke their independence secure and not their own independence merely, but the rights also of those with whom they have made common cause, should they also be put In jeopardy. They must be fitted to Dlav the great role of the world, and play in this hemisphere for which they are qualified by principle and chastened ambition to play. Navy and Merchant Ships. "It. is with these ideals in mind that the nlans of the department of war for more adequate national defenso were conceived which will bo lnid before you, and which I urge you to sanction and put into effect as soon rs they con be properly scrutinized and dis cussed." The nnvv building five year pro gram, endorsed iu detnil, was said by the Dresident to involve "only a short ening of tho time within which plans long matured shall be carried out." Trade and shipping is another prob lem of national adequacy, the president declared, urging the government Bhip purchase bill. He did not recommenu any specific appropriation. ''It is of capital importance," he de in..o,i 'nnt nnlv that the United States should bo lis own carrier on the seas nnd enjoy the economic importance nntv an adeauate merchant marine would give it, but also that tho American hemisphere as ft whole should cnioy a like Indopndent self suf ficiency, if it Is not to be drawn into the tnnglo of European affairs. "Moreover, we can develop no true or effective American policy without ships of our own not ships of war", but ships of peace, carrying goods and carrying much more: creating friend ships and rendering lndlspensible sen Ice to all Interests on this side of the water. Thev must move constantly back and forth between tho Americas. Thev are the only shuttles that can A ... .l. j,.i;at fnhrin of ivmwith.v. comprehension, confidence and mutual dependence in which we wish to clothe our pollcv of America for Americans. r b ....... eMrtrMiHnnil. "alteration and re- nt th T'hilinnlnes government and publlo justice to the people of Porto Rico," were urged by the presiuem. Tni-nina to revenue needs, the prest dent said if the present "war" tax and (Continued on fair Six.) E THE CLEARING HOUSE FOR PEACE EFFORTS Pope Benedict Says Peace - Can Be Reached Only By P Comnromise By Henry Wood. (United Press Staff Correspondent.) Borne, Dec. 7. Pope Benedict hopes to make tho Vatican a clearing house for peace ideas. This is the outstanding conclusion generally drawn' here today from his allocution as made public, in full. "While we seek with all out resourc es to alleviate the doleful consequences of war, the pope told the consistory, "wo feel obliged by our apostolic of fice to inculcate anew the only means that can quickly put an end to this trnmjtnilitna ..mi fin Mi-fl t Tftn " In this, it is generally thought, he meant that the Vatican should have a powerful hand. The means of reaching peace, he suggested is by compromise on all sides, lest prolongation of the struggle "mean for Europe the begin ning of decadonce from tne degree ot prosperous civilization to wiucn tne Christian religion has raised her from nothing." At the same time, ho suggested that an end ought to bo mndo now "so as not to assume before tlod anil man tne enormous responsibility for the contin uation of this shedding of blood, of which history records no counterpart." Germany Will Not Be Told WhyBoy-edandVonPapen Are Not Wanted ' Washington, Dec. 7. The state de partment's formal refusal to give Its reasons for asking recall of Boy-ed and Von Papeu, German embassy attaches, was forwarded last night to Berlin and given to Ambassador Von Berustorff, it became known today. The embassy interpreted this action as "very unfriendly." The embassy cxpluined, too, that the Berliii foreign office had asked that America's reasons be given secretly, if tho state department did not care to makn them public. Secretary Lansing, however, the embassy said, refused any information. State department authorities did not minimize the effect the refusal reply would have on Berlin, but they pointed out ti nt Lansing is merely abiding by a fctrict custom. The rol'usal hag the effect of call ing for a show down from Berlin. Germany probably will ask that Berustorff now confor further with Lansing on tho subject. With these developments giving a new tinge of seriousness to German American relntlous, it was admitted that negotiations over the German tor pedoing of the liner Lusitnnia will bej hopelessly muddled if Germany makes good any diplomatic bluff she may bo attempting in the Boy-ed-Von Papen cases. For either breaking off diplo matic relations or a complete acquies cence in America's demands arc Ger many's only alternatives, unless the state department permits a long series of conferences which would keep Boy ed nnd Von Papen here indefinitely pending outcome of the sessions. To tho moment of going to the cap itol to address congress, tho presidout discussed with his cabinet concerning the Germnn-Amcriciin situation. From them he gained approval of the scath ing denunciation of hyphenated Ameri cans he delivered to the house and son ate, , I Relations Are Strained. Washington, Dec. 7 Diplomatic rela tions between America and Germany nre nearer severance than they have been for months or else Germany is nuiking a collosnl diplomatic bluff. Such was the view today of officiul Washington after thoroughly consider ing Germnny'g request for reasons for this government's request for rocull of Attaches Boy-ed and Von Papen of the Germnn cmbnssy, coupled with the bint that Germuny intends to refuse tho request. . The outcome of the situation Is as yet uncertain, and a series of eventualities impossible. If Germany carries out her intimation that she will contest the re call, and this government does not re lax In Its position of refusing infor mation on the matter, severance of dip lomatic relations might indeed bo at bund. There was no sign early today of n immediate solution of the deadlock over Germany's demands for reasons for re calling tho two diplomats. The state department, however, is striving to avoid a curt, luminary dismissal of the two diplomats, which would be the only recourse of this government, should Germany refuse to detach them. At the same time, differences as to the question of safe conduct for the I pair are serious. Germany has. Intimated (he wants the PRESIDENT GIVEH MIGHTY OVATION BY GREAT CHOI Every Seat Filled and Aisles Crowded? As President Reads His Message TEUTONIC DIPLOMATS ALL REMAINED AWAY Blind Chaplain Prays That Congress "May Act Calmly, Discretely and Wisely" Washington, Dec. 7. President Woodrow Wilson today made his tenth appearance before a joint session of tho house end senate. The lure of seeing him nnd of get ting a glimpse of his fiancee in the presidential gallery; the desire to hear his views urged on one of the most mo ntcutour. congresses in the nation's his tory drew great crowds. From early morning on, they came. Hundreds were turned aside in disappointment, how ever, for nnly 5(i5 admissions were is sued, and all of these were used. The diplomatic and executive gnllcri ies were filled. Bents reserved for for tunate ticket holders among the gen eral public were filled long before the president entered the hall of the lower house. Some of the early comers brought their lunches, prepnred to camp out nil day; doorkeepers shattered their plans, however, refusing them admit tance until they had laid aside or ent en the lunches. The usual group of old ladies, with their knitting, too, were on hand. A Boar of Applause. .Beforo the president's arrival, the floor and gallery ,)..yfil with eouvcrsa tion. When the president, escorted by dele gates from the senate and house, enter ed the chamber, a mighty roar of ap plause burst forth, and then the as semblage suddenly hushed. The blind Chnplain Coudon rose. His prayer was that congress might receive the president's mecsnge and "act calm ly discreetly, and wisely, and so as to servo the people's interests." For those to whom the opening mes sage of the 64th congress meant only a spectacle, the center of attraction with Mrs. Norman Gait, the president's fian cee. Smiling, handsome, dressed in a dark blue broadcloth suit adorned with a bouquet of rare orchids, and wearing a dark hat, she made her way into the executive balcony shortly after noon. With her were Miss Margaret Wil son, Miss Helen Woodrow Bones, Mrs. McAdoo and Mrs. Boiling. Germany Not Represented. As tho president delivered his scath ing denunciittion of hyphenated Amer icana, the diplomatic galleries listened intently. No Teutonic diplomatic, rep resentative was present. But tho am bassadors of Great Britain, Japan, Rus sia and Argentine were on hnnd, with the ministers of Persia, Panama, Sal vador and Sweden, minor nttaches and (Continued on oaire twoi United Stntes to seek such guarantees from England to seek such giiarnnteeB she will refuse to mnke a flat request for such action, thereby leaving the matter strictly up to this government. The administration, however, may not feel that It desires to risk a rcfusul from ttnglnud on a request for safe con duct. Von Bemstorff Angry. Certainly, nothing in international law requires thiB government to guar antee the two men's sufe journey homo. Moreover, thero is nothing cither diplomatic etiquette or international law whereby this government would be compelled to give reasons for n request for withdrawing representatives of n foreign government, in fact, it is he here that Germany practically trans gresscs rules of diplomatic etiquefi when she asks reasons. Hitherto, it hns been customary for a nation to accede gracefully and immediately to a witl drawn! requott. Meantime, Ambassador Von Bem storff is angry over the situation, nc cording to those in touch with him. For this reason, further negotiations may be handled directly between Ber lin and Washington. The German ambassador arranged to see Secretary Lansing at 10:30 o'clock and meantime, the gtate department felt seriously that a diplomatic clash was Imminent. Recall la Rumored, Washington, Doc. 7. Reports that Germany had recalled Attaches Von Papon and Boy-ed of tho Germnn em blssy, as requested by this government, wero current here today. Tho state department said that while no such dig' patch bad been received at noon, it was not unexpected. Wilson Backs Lansing. Washington, Dec. 1r In his decision to refuse Germany's request for Amer ica's reasons for recall of Attaches Von Papen and Boy-ed of the Gorman em bassy, Secretary of State Lansing has President Wilson's express backing, it became known today. In Some Places There Were Lively ContestsIn Others Little Interest ifC)(C9CCfC!4c)C(C3)C9fCC3fC3fciC Falls City Only 1.69 voted out of a voting population of 600. Willamina Andrew Kershaw re-elected; vote light. Sheridan S. E. Dillcy elected mayor for third time. Lafayette Only eight votes againBt Eugene Courtney for Mayor. Newport Election hotly con tested. R. A. Bensell elected mayor. Sweet Home Woman chosen to council for one-year term. Her name, Lulu Smead. . Molalla W. W. Everhart, re elected mayor; vote light. Tillamook S. A. Broadhead elected mayor and Standard Oil granted franchise for distribut ing station. A Turner R. O. Thomas wins mayoralty by eight votes. Jefferson Dr. AV. Wallen elected mayor, lu listless elec tion. Stayton Dr. H. A. Beau champ named mayor. Lebanon City defeats plans to take over W. C. T. U. library. Pendleton Dr. Best defeats John Montgomery for mayor. Albany L. M. Curl re-elected mayor by a large majority. Mayor Wins by Eight Votes. Turner, Ore., Dec. 7. At the election hero yesterday R. O. Thomas was elect ed mayor over John Watson by eight votes. The total number cast was 140. Two ties developed, one in the race for treasurer, whero Harry Crawford nnd 0. A. G. Moore divided the vote, nnd in the councilmanic contest, where Henry Chieson and H. L. Earl tied. W. Smith defeated Iko Small for council man by one vote. For city recorder, Frank Hall won over Irvin Robinson by six votes. , At Tails City. Falls City, Oro., Dec. 7. With a total vote cost of 109, out of a voting popula tion approximately of 000, the annual election yesterday passed off quietly. Contrary to expectations, little enthus iasm was manifested. Thero was no well-dofined issue presented. Out of a field of eight, winning candidates for the three vacant counciumnnic posi tions were N. Sclig, with 115 votes; George C. Marsh, with 82 votes, and G. W. Brentnor, with 79 votes. , No other offices were voted upon and for the first timo in the last five elec tions held In Falla City there were no initiative or referendum measures usb mitted for consideration of the voters. Stayton Elects Physician. Stnyton, Ore., Dec. 7. Dr. H. A. Boauchamp was elected mayor of Stay ton yesterday by 212 votes, having no opposition. J. Greer was chosen city re corder over John Thorn. The vote stood 189 to 68, respectively. John Down ing defeated Wess Riggs for city mar shal 192 to 03. J. R. Gardner and Charles Luthy were elected councilmen over their opponents, C. M. Holford and G. M. Murphy. Tho vote stood: Gnrdner 158, Holford 87, Luthy 140, nnd Mur phy 105. Uncle Sam Will Need Billion What United States Govern ment Expects to Spend In 1917. Legislative department es timates, i:t,8I0,10l.71. Executive department esti mates, $008,950. State department estimates, 0.1 22.298.70. V Treasury department, $131,- HI',.r)ia. Independent office, $7,007, 202.61. District of Columbia $10,303, C70.34. War department, $212,013, 643.51. Panama canal $27,.rr),4O0.13. Navy department, $220,477, 611.24. Interior departmnct, $211, 034,870.17. Postoffico, $1,770,480. - Postal service, pnvable from receipts. $3 10,364,879. Postal deficiency, $8,000,000. Agriculture, $29,763,089. Commerce $15,430,238. - Labor, $4,093,270.75. Justice, $11,029,546. Total 1917 estimate, $1,285,. 857,808.16. Total 1916 appropriations, $1,115,004,194,55. Washington, D. (!., Dec. 7. The gov. ernment of tho United States want a billion and a quarter dollars for run nini expenses In 1917. This estimate today was transmitted ALLIES OUT OF SERBIA Germans Seek Junction In Order to Make Clean Sweep ; of Serbian Territory and Drive Allies Back to Solonika -1250 Prisoners Taken When Teutons Captured Ipek In MontenegroGermans Recapture 250 Yards: of Trenches Taken by the French Last September Athens, Dec. 7.7--Severe fighting in northeastern Montenegro and a sudden Bulgarian assault on the right French wing in southern Serbia today marked the renewal of bitter action in tho Bal kans. Ipek, in eastern Montenegro, is about to fall beforo the Austrians. Alban ian;, Montenegrins and Serbs, who huve checked the Teutons there for two days by valiantly assailing their right flank, arc reported retreating, leaving the town to the fate of tho Austrians. In the south, the action ia report ed stubborn. Whether this marks tho beginning of au clfort to throw the al lies buck toward Salonika cannot yet be determined, however. Absence of information .is tu Field Marshal Von Mackenseu's position meantime is add ing to the nnxiety of the allies, for it is lelt perhaps he intends to join the Bulgars in cue mighty effort to pound the allied lines out of Serbia, and through Greece to Salonika. French Submarine Sunk. Paris, Dec. 7. An Austrian warship sank the French subinnrino Frcsnel Sunday, capturing 20 prisoners, the ad miralty was informed today. The riirel tower wireless oy listen ing in" on messages passing botwoen wireless stations in Germany obtained the information, which is assumed here to be true. The destroyed submarine was built six years 11 no. . Capture of 12.1O prisoners by the AustrO'Gcrninns in taking Ipek, cont ent Montenegro wns reported. The French have evacuated positions in the Gerna-Vnrdar region to escupe be ing outflanked. 120,000 Serbs In Albania. Athens, Dec. 7. One hundred and twenty tbousaad Serbs have taken ref- ugo in Albania before the sweop of tho Teutons, it was estimated hero today. Scattered Serb bands aro fighting in "Montenegro and a few aro still engaged in extreme southwestern Serbia. Ar rival of fresh allied forces on the An glo-French front in southern Serbia wus lopovted today. STRIKE AT MUNITION PLANT Sharon, Ta., Dec. 7. One' hundred machinists today pick eted the Driggs Seabury Ord nance corporation where 900 men are affected by a strike. The company hns $30,000,000 worth of war contracts, and the men are asking au 8-hour day and a 1." per cent increuso in wages. and a Quarter to congress by Secretory of the Treas ury McAdoo. The total reaches the tremendous sum of $1,28.,857,808.10. Deducting the sinking fund of $00, 727,000, put nwnv for the redemption of bonds and the estimated postal re ceipts or' $310,304,879, the administra tion s estimate of the cost or running tho government is $908,705,929.10 iu 1917. Tiiis is nenrly $9 for every man, wo man and chihl iu the United States. The estimates are an increuso of $107,831,401.01 over 1916 appropria tions. J nc reuses in the war ami navy departments account for $1 40,857,235.32 of this amount. Tho Kuropeun war en tailing new work wns directly respon sible for a large part of the increase in tho state department ostiinutes. Details of the dereusc program aro shown in the war and navy .depart ments Increased estimates as follows: War department: Pav of the armv inc -eased from $49,- 300,732 to $03,700,307; supplies, ser vice and transportation from S.).4Sa,- 079 to $56,382,702; medical department from $750,000 to $1,104,105 engineer ing equipment from $48,000 to $000, 000. Ordinance stores $100,000 to $3,- 383,000; manufacture of arms from 250,000 to $1,012,559; ordinance stores and supplies rrom f i,ooo,uoo to va'r 500; automatic machinery from $150,- 0O0 to $1,400,000; armored motor cars from $50,000 to $150,000; tor encamp ments and militia maneuvers, from $250,000 to $4,390,000. An increase from $6,060,078 to $23, 305123 is shown in the coast and other defenso fortifications, gome of the items being: (Continued on Page Thres.) - Attack on Gorita Renewed. Vienna, Dec. 7. After a brief halt in the cyclonic shelling of Goritz, the Italians are again directing their fire against the crumbling city. The war of fice admitted today that the battle ia particularly intense against the bridge head, and that the village of Sankape- ter near Goritz, is under heavy fire. Concerning southeastern operations, the war office indicated that the Aus trians will soon be in possession of Ipek in eastern Montenegro. Teutons Capture Town. Berlin, Dec. 7. Ipek in eastern Mon tenegro hag fallen into Austro-German hands, the war ffice said today. Under heavy Bulgar attack in tho south, the French were said to be retreating. British Frontier Perilous. Berlin, by wireless to Tuckerton, N. J., Pec. 7. Tho British position at tho Dardanelles grows daily more perilous, tho Constantinople war office reported today. Owing to stormy weather, tho invaders cannot lund their winter pro visions, and tho troops are suffering, too, from luck of water. Allies Hold Conference. Paris, Dec. 7. Representatives of tho , military forces of the allies mot today . in the second session of their general war council. Belief grew that tho ses sion portends developments of tremend-, ous importance In one or more theatre of war. Duma MeetlngPostponed. London, Dec. 7. Czar Nicholug hns indefinitely postponed the meeting of the duma sc.hoduled for tomorrow, ac cording to Petrograd dispatches today. The reason given was the failure of tho budget committoo to complete its work. Germans Capture Trenches, Berlin, Dec. 7. The Uormana havo recaptured 250 yards of trenches east of Auborive which tho French took in the Soptember offensive in the Chani pagno, it was officially announced to day. IS BY FIREAT 2:40 A.M. Firemen Have Narrow Escape From Serious Injury When Roof Falls The Wexford theatre burned at 2:40) this morning and tho show house is now a totul loss with only tho firo walls and the brick walls in tho rear standing. The, firo wns discovered by the night police who turned in tho alarm. When first discovered tho firo appeared to bo confined to the picture machine room alone. The sheet iron or steel coiling prevented the firemen from getting to tho roof from the in side and served as a flue to carry the flumes to the rear and in a minute tho entire structure wus boiug scorched by tho flames. lloseman Elmer Smith and Chief Ifutton wero inside the building when tho roof fell and Smith was slightly injured, v hicf Button was alongside tho wnll ami the ceiling as it slid down formed a narrow covered arch along the wall through which he escaped. Smith wag near the center of the floor and when the roof and ceiling fell in it lunded on Inn of Smith's head. Ho was wearing a heavy helmet at tho (Continued on Psj?e Bix.l TUB WFATHTB iiiu minima Orogon: Bain to night and Wed nesday; winds In nesday; south easterly winds, moderately nigh along tho coast.