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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 3, 1915)
itorial Page of "The Capita
December 3, "14 in.
CHARLES H. FISHES,
Editor and Manager
. PUBLISHED EVERY EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY, SALEM, OREdON, BY
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
L. S. BARNES,
CIIAS. H. FISHES,
DOEA C. ANDRE8EN,
See and Treas. -
Daily by enrrior, per year ,.$5.00 Per month 45c
Daily by mail, per year 3.00 Per month 35c
FULL LEASED WIRE TELEGRAPH REPORT
IS. i , EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES
New York Chicago
Ward-Lewis-Williams Special Agency Harry R. Fisher Co.
Tribune Building . 30 N. Dearborn St.
The Capital Journal carrier boys arc instructed to put the papers on the
porch. If the carrier does not do this, misses you, or neglocts getting the
paper to you on time, kindly phono the circulation manager, as this is the only
way we can determine whether or not the carriers ara following instructions.
Phone Main 81. .
IGNORANCE OF THE LAW
It is a legal maxim that; "Ignorance of the law excuses
This sounds as wise as it is trite. In practice however
it does not pan out worth a cent. If it were true, no man
would have occasion to patronize a lawyer, and to per
haps wish later he had patronized some other, because he
found the one engaged on his business did not understand
some things in the law.
. This is not said in disparagement of the lawyers, or
any of them, but for the reason that no lawyer under
stands the laws or even a small fraction of them. The
same might be said of the judges. One of these latter
once quoted the above maxim to an attorney who was
arguing to the jury that his client did not know he was
violating the law in the act that brought him before the
court. "Yes, your honor," said the attorney, "every man
is supposed to know the law. The most ignorant laborer
on the docks, the foreigner not yet acquainted with our
language, the most illiterate negro, in fact everybody is
supposed to understand the law except your honor and
your fellow circuit judges for whom the legislature has
wisely provided a supreme court to correct your
There are now on the statute books of the United
States and the states, thousands and then more thousands
of laws. Congress is in session most of the time grinding
out more, and every winter or at the most every other
one, the legislatures of the four dozen states are in ses
sion from two to four months making more and still more
laws, and unfortunately in spite of the maxim afpresaid,
without any understanding of those already on the books.
On top of this every city has a council busy one or two
nights a wetfk grinding out laws. It is estimated that
there are from all these sources about 40,000 laws brought
forth each year.
"Ignorance of these excuses no man," says the law;
and yet no man could possibly read the whole lot working
eight hours a day, let alone understanding or remember
Here in Oregon we have some laws, and are rapidly
In 1882 the codified laws, Deady's, filled a volume three
inches thick. In 1885 Hill's code was placed on the library
shelves occupying five and a half inches thereof. In 1901
Bellinger & Cotton again codified the laws of the state
and keeping them down to a close margin managed to get
them into six and a half inch shelf space. In 1909 Lord s
code was compiled and this filled ten inches of shelving.
Since that the laws of 1911-1;. and 15 have been added;
and with them it now takes one foot three and a half
inches to hold the laws of the state.
As another example, the Portland book of ordinances
printed ,in small type, fills more than 1,000 pages. Every
man is supposed by the law to understand all of these, if
he lives in Portland at least, otherwise he is liable to
punishment for violating them.
It would scorn the part of wisdom to, say every twenty
years, repeal the whole business and start out with the
Ten Commandments alone until the legislatures met and
pointed out wherein thoy needed adding to or taking
from. This would do away with some lawyer accidentally
running across some old law long since forgotten or lg
nored 'because times and conditions have changed and
there is no longer any occasion for it, and so stirring up
trouble and incidentally, business for himself.
; Again: every man is supposed to understand the law,
yet even with our supreme court, all gentlemen who have
Spent their lives in the study of the law and in decipher
ing its intricacies the rule does not seem to hold good,
for on some questions they will be divided three holding
one way and four the other. Necessarily some of them
are wrong. How then can a poor devil of a tyro be held
responsible for ignorance of the law 7
If ignorance of the law excuses no man where does
the legislator stand who undertakes to make new laws
without knowing anything about what laws he is repeal
ing or making doubtful?
There is probably much more serious conditions in
Germany over the food question than the world is per
mitted to know, and hence it is liable to happen that the
stories of conditions will be largely exaggerated. There
is admittedly demonstrations in front of the reichstag
over the lood supply and its distribution, and this in spite
of the government having taken charge of both. Where
there is much smoke there must be some fire.
The program for the Elks memorial services Sunday
among other things has the statement that Hon. Fred W.
Wilson will make the memorial address. "Fred" is one
of the brightest of the many bright men The Dalles has
given to the state and one- of the most eloquent speakers
on the coast. Those who have the pleasure of hearing
him will have something to remember.
When the exposition closes tomorrow there will be
some sad people and the. saddest of these will be those
who had some position or other that permitted them - to
see the fair from beginning to end. They will be lost for
awhile aiter getting home and will, no doubt, make every
body tired with their stories of the great fair.
Since the democratic party has its Byran who occupies
now about the same relation to it that Roosevelt does to
the G. O. P. why not persuade them to get together and
run on the same ticket? ' The trouble would be to get
either to take second place. However oil and water will
mix by the addition of alkali, but the result is only soft
It Means Now Persistent Drill
and Plenty of Hard
British Columbia cities have subscribed a little more
than two million dollars to the last British war loan. As
the cost of the war to England is said to be $25,000,000 a
day, this would pay the English war bills for a few min
utes more than two hours. Rather discouraging pouring
money into that kind of a hole. ' '
When the committee fuom the land grant conference
and the railroad officials get through cussing and dis
cussing the matter, the committee will be ready to submit
a suggestion to congress about as reliable as that con
tained in the old song: "I dreamed last night I almost
found a quarter.
According to Mr. Ford when he and his peace delega
tion reach the Hague thev will elect an international
court to which all or any of the warring nations can ap
ply for peace terms. '
With 45 doctors among its members the Commercial
Club should be able to get through the winter without
any serious illness, especially with the help oi 10
According to the arguments of some of the most
ardent believers in big armies and navies, no man should
be sent to the front as a soldier until he is a veteran.
While there is great honor and glory
in serving one's country as a member
of the state militia, it is not all glory,
as now, since military service has be
come- a science, tho government re
quires more from its private soldiers
than in the eood old davs when a sol
dier was a member of a local company
mainly for the dress parades and socia'l
During the mouth of November, Co.
II was divided into squads and each
member was given special attention in
everything that pertains to make a pri
vate soldier thoroughly educated in ev
ery line of duty that mav present it
self. The- work for next Tuesday evening,
includes first a company close order
drill, 15 minutes. This is followed bvl
bayonet exercises for 15 minutes, and
sqiinii iiriu ror one nonr as follows:
i'irsfc squad, tent pitching and niak
ing blanket rolls.
Second sound, sighting and position
and aiming drill: deflection and ele
vation correction drill.
Ihird squad, first aid, personal hv-
gione, care of feet, camp sanitation.
Fourth squad, honors, courtesies, uni
forms, equipment, rations etc.
Fifth squad, mechanism, noinenclat-
urre ana care ot rifle.
The quarterly inspection will be
held December 28,' but before this in
spection tho privates will have ample
timo to perfect their military knowl
edge, as the evenings of December 14
and 21, will be given to work as fol
lows: December 14.
(a) Company close ordordrill, 15
(b) R-yonet exercise, 15 minutes,
(e) Nqnnd drill, 1 hour as follows:
First squad, sighting and position
and aiming drill. Deflection and eleva
tion correction drill.
.Second squad, first aid, personal hy
giene, care of feet, camp sanitation.
Third squud, honors, courtesies, uni
form, equipment, rations, etc.
-Fourth sqnnd, mechanism, nomencla
ture and care of rifle.
Fifth squad, tent pitching and mak
ing blanket rolls.
(a) Company close order drill, 13
(b) Bayonet exercise, 13 niimitos,
(c) Hquad drill, 1 hour, as follows:
First squad, first aid, personnl hy
giene, care of feet, camp sanitation.
Second squad honors, courtesies, uni
forms equipment, rations, etc.
Third squad, mechanism, nomencla
ture and care of rifle.
Fourth squad, tent pitching and
milking blanket rolls,
h'ifth squud, sighting and position
ami aiming drill. Deflection and ele
vation correction drill.
JO ALUM NO PHOSPHATE
Made from Cream of Tartar
Schultz, Quest of the fish-dog skin.
Schiiltz, With tho Indians in the
Seton. Willi animals I have known.
Skater, Harper's everyday electric
ity. Stoddard, Chris, the model maker.
W'esselhoeft, Sparrow the tramp.
Wood, Hoy .scout's roll of honor.
Vountr, Chunk, Fusky and Snout.
Voting, Hector, my dog.
If the carrier does not give
service notify the office,
Oh, let us wear the cheerful grin, and mugs that shine
like new made tin, when we are paying taxes: 'tis custom
ary then to scowl, and lean against a fence and howl, and; on
brandish battle-axes. But all our howling
doesn't help, nor does our protest, groan or
yelp, we must dig up the roubles ; the treas
urer rakes in the dust, and doesn't notice
our disgust, or care about our troubles.
And since it doesn't pay to roar, what is
the use of acting sore, as though bereft of
senses? Why not produce our little rolls,
and say it warms our hearts and souls, to
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
CAPITAL - - - ... $500,000.00
Transact a General Banking Business
: Safety Deposit Boxes
s(c s( sjc jjc )J( jc st fc ss sfc sjc 3$C )jc j( aft
EAT A SQUARE MEAL AND
NOT FEAR INDIGESTION
There are hundreds of people in
Salem who were not the least bit i ar-
prised when they read in the Jov nal
that Daniel J. Fry is selling Mi-o-na
a guarantee to rofund the money in
case it did not relieve. This remark-
ablo dyspepsia remedy will reliove the
worst case of indigestion, headache,
dizziness, or the genoral played-out con
dition that afflicts every one suffering
with stomach trouble. Ali-o-na does not;
simply relieve, it aims to cure. j
Daniel J. Fry can tell you of many!
woll known people in this city who thipj
remedy has restored to health, often
after they have tried many other!
methods of treatment with little or no
benefit. No other dyspepsia remedy has
s r.- . ... i .11 :t .-s f t w t i f
BROWN -WHITE LINED -ENAMELED
I 10 PIECE GUERNSEY SET-REGULAR PRICE $2.25
This is a rare bargain, on sale Saturday only. Come
early as the supply is limited
help to pay expenses? 'Twere better far to Mi-o-na. it is B6 large that Daniel j.
&Jm&J SWS ana smile, as we cough up our meagre
pile, to keep the wheels a-turning; twill
help us on a future day, when, in the good old-fashioned
way, for Public Trusts we're yearning. Some day, to
make your store increase, you'll run for justice of the
peace, or something of that nature, or you may higher yet
aspire, and through the press voice your desire to join
the legislature. Then, if you always raised a bawl, when
paying taxes in the fall, the story will confound you;
you'll see true patriots arise to dot you one between the
eyes, and flash their knives around you.
TO NEUTRAL COUNTRIES ONLY
Washington, Dee. 2. -The state de
partment will not uwue pnssports to
ll,,i liiil luinnn uhin (Mirti nnKti lwtl.
ligerent countries, it was announced;
tmlnv TtiM lintM-a will itai-mit una.,
.... ..... j., ......
nge only to neutral countries.
T - i - - i i -
WAR NEWS OF ONE
YEAR AGO TODAY
Ion't worry about skin troubles. Ton
can have ft clear, clean complexion by
nln a little nemo, obtained at any druf
1 store for a,"ic, or extra large bottle at
j Zcmo easily removes all trace of pim
I plea, black heads, ecsenm, and ringworm
and make the skin clear and healthy.
I Sicuio is nritlr watery, Mk'ky nor
I (trensy and stains nothing. It is ennilr
I applied and costs a mere trill fur tacu
application. It is always dependable. '
Christians fled from Turkey
when n holy war was proclaim
ed. Seven million Belgians
were dependent upon America
for food. London said copper
concealed on cotton ships
caused the holding up of Amer
Why ara we popular? Be
cause we tell you. every day,
the news of the world.
Fry stands ready to rofuud the price
to any customer whom it docs not help.
The best kind of advertising is the
praise of a pleased customer, and there
are hundreds in Salem today praising
Mi-o-na because it does what it is ad
vertised to do. A few months ago they
could eat nothing without wonderine
what the result would be. Since using j
Mi-o-na, they oat what thoy want and!
when thoy want with no fear of suffer-!
ing, This medicine comes in the form
of a small tablet and is very pleasant toj
take. It speedily and permanently re-i
lieves almost all forms of stomach,
trouble and is the only one sold under
a positive guarantee without any re
striction, to rofund the money if it!
does not roliovo. This is a good time I
to got well and you ought to take ad
vantage of Daniel ,T. Try's offer.
CHILDREN'S ROOM AT
THE PUtLIC LIBRARY
With next Saturday's story hour,
tile- series of animal stories ends.
"John of tho Woods" makes up the
program. The following new noy's
books and animal stories will bo put
into circulation oa .Saturday moruing:
Itond, Pick, shovel and pluck,
llrown, John of the woods.
('omstock, Tho pet book.
Demiug, Little brothers of the west.
Ihinean, Adventures of Bill Topsail.
Knler, Amateur fireman, .
lut, Pathfinders of the west.
I'cck, Tho wolf hunters.
Tier, (Irnnnis of tho fifth.
Kolt-Wheeler, Boy with the V. 8. ex
plorers. Sabln, Beaufort chnms.
Vuirk. The third strike.
SchulfA, On the war jiath. , f.
Salem, Dec. 1 to 4
An Exhibition of Growing Agricultural Industry. See the corn that
Makes Fat Hogs that Makes Fat Farmers.
REDUCED ROUND TRIP FARES FROM OREGON ELEC
TRIC RY. STATIONS BUTTEVILLE TO DEVER
On sale daily Doc. 1, 2 and 8, with roturn limit Dec. 6, thus allowing
a stay over the week-end, if desired.
J. W. RITCHIE, Agent, Salem, Ore.
Pacific International Livestock Exposition, Portland, December 6 to 11
We Can Say Positively
that although, you can pay higher
prices than we charge, you can buy no
choicer meats anywhere. Let us prove
it by sending you a prime roast, gome
juicy chops or an appetite making
steak. One trial of our meats is sure
to make you our steady customer,
Independent Market '
1S7 Commercial St.