Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, November 30, 1915, Image 1

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Austrian Troops Are Marching Against Her Weather Is
Terrible and Mountain Passes Are Piled With Snow
Allies and rhs Retreating In Serbia While Bulgars
Drive Tow, MonastirGoritz In Ruins But Is Still
Held by Am. ns Who Have Been Reinforced
Vienna, Nov. 30. nortfiern
Sorbin subdued, Monteiu 's to be
completely overrun by Au forces,
it wns officially announced v. Aus
tria has launched a treme. . cam
paign against the Monten. fti'ins and
AiiHtrinn troops already are across the
River Lim.
The weather is terriblo. The moun
tain defiles are piled with snow and
coated with ice. There will be, how
ever, no suspension of the invasion.
The iuonteuetrrins, it is behoved, are
not as well prepared for winter cam
paigning lb are the Austrian, iience
(ho war office is determined to press
its advantage to the limit.
Allies in Retreat.
Sofia, Nov. 30. Serbian, French and
.British forces operating in southern
Heroin, are in general retreat, the war
oiuce declared today. Meantime, tne
main Bulbar army is driving at Mon
astir, realizing that while victory is ap
parently inevitable, they will meet
with stubborn resistance from the Serb
The Serns "Inst riostion at Ornare
jclta lias been occupied; the French are
"-'eatinff along the Tzcrna, burning
bridges to hnit the pursuers.
A II .
e uverruies motion. to
Dismiss Case Against
Steamship Officials .
New Vorlt, Nov. 30. Motion for dis
' missal of indictments against Hamburg-American
Steamship toinpany of
ficials, charged with customs violations
wns denied today by Federal "Judge
This action followed his refusal to
eliminate from the record testimony!
Concerning the steamer Queszada which
the government contends, was one of
the ships chartered by the Hamburg
American officials as a vessel to supply
German commerce raiders at sea. Ie
fense Attorney Oanz then contended
that tnje government had failed to
prove violation of federal laws, and
usked dismissal of tho indictments.
In making his motion, Gams said:
"We are ready to concede, and even
boast thnt, nt the call of the father
lnnd, these men sent supplies to Ger
man ships at sea. But this did not vio
late nny laws."
"I agreo with you," answered the
judge, ''but if there was intent to de
ceive the customs officiuls, it is a dif
ferent matter."
"There vo certain phases of the
rase I believe the jury should pass up
on," Howe commented in malting his
Nero, the Washington park lian, will
have a wife if $.00 can be found to
HOcuro her. Here's hoping it will be
n eugenic ninrringo
Abe Martin
'Another strange coincidence is thnt
IV very folks who can't spare th' time
t' take In th' Panama exposition can't
rpare th' jnonejr either. We have ao
word from th' sorghum crop, but If it's
good it'U be bad,
Italians Gain Slowly.
Rome, Nov. 30. Though Goritz is
littlo more than a shell, Austria has
thrown new levies into its defense.
This was revenlod by the war office
todav when it reported particularly
bloodv combats in tnat region. For
a time, the fortunes of battle swayed
toward the Austiians, but Inter, the
war office claimed, tho Italians drove
them out.
Around Monte San Michele and to
ward San Martino, the Italian offen
sive resultel in fresh successes, in
which the Italians took more than 700
Elsewhere on the Austro-Italian
front the war office claimed gains.
Boys Called to Colors.
Paris, Nov. 30. The class of 1917
was called to the colors by a vote of
the chamber of deputies today.
This call sends boys of 18 to the
trenches, and means thnt France will
have an additional 22.3,000 troops.
Socialist members tried vainly to
prevent passage of. the call, insisted
that it be delayed until March at the
earliest, and even then withheld until
every other available man had been
San Francisco, Nov. 30. The
state of Oregon will receive
$1,!)20 for the magnificent Ore
gon building nt the Piuinma
Pneific exposition which - cost
the stato $63,000 to build.
As soon as the exposition
closes, P. E. O'llair, of a local
wrecking concern, will begin
wrecking tho structure. The
building was sold to O'llair,
whose bid was the highest of
six submitted.
Testimony Shows, To Say the
Least, a Remarkable Mem
ory for Faces
Los Angeles, C'nl., Nov. On the wit
ncss stand today G. T. McCachren,
uen do.v, pointed out Matthew A.
Schmidt, on trial as a MeN'amnrn ne.
complice, as the man who, in company
with J. B. McNamarn, stopped at the
Argonaut hotel in Han Francisco a day
or two oetorc the Times explosion.
uno ot the two men carried a suit
case," the bell boy testified. "They
left the hotel, nnd were going to take
the S o'clock train for Los Anireles. "
A tense silenco prevailed the court
cnnniuers as Deputy District Attorney
uoyes led tip to the identity of
Schmidt as "A. O. Perry." who rer-
istered at the hotel witli ,T. B, Price,
irice is mo aims assumed by J. a. Me
"Is this ninii, the defendant, sitting
there, the man who accompanied
incoi hskcu iveves.
every eve in tne court mum cm
fixed on the defendant. Schmidt
looked sten iilv and cnlmlv at the wit
ness, ns McCnehren branded him as the
travelin companion of the man who
eoniessea to wrecking. the building.
in a scnininir cross-exam nation De
fense Chief Counsel Nnto ('null Inn tried
to prove by the witness thnt Hrice nnd
Perry were the only guests of hundrers
thnt he could remember. McCachren is
tne man who Identified J. B. McXa
niara after his arrest hero.
Tokyo, Nov. 30. The wild
est skyrocketing of war stocks
In the history of Japan today
forced temporary suspension of
the stock exchange. In a fran
tic bull -arket, aomo of the
leading Issues rose R500 during
the oarlv hours of the session,
thus forcing the governor's to
close operations.
The boom resulted from the
heavy munitions sales to Rus
sia, which nation la floating a
heavy credit here to lnsuro the
prompt payments.
The first snowfall was another ro
minder of that Christmas shopping.
Spolinne, Wash., Nov. 30.
The bold, boy bandits who
have been terrorizing tho city
for several days nave been cap
tured. They are three high
school boys, all under 10, and
crimes to which they confess
include the stealing of twenty
automobiles. Two women they
robbed were compelled to give
up all their clothes. A China
man who resisted was persuad-
ed to "come through" wnen
the boys poured coal oil around
his house and threatened to
burn it.
Food Riots and Troubles At
Home Said To Have
Caused Meeting
B. J. W. T. Mason.
(Written or tho United Press.)
New York, Nov. 30. The kaiser's
trip to Vienna for a conference with
Emperor iTanz .losef is not due to re
ports that Austria is planning to con
clude a separate pence, but rather to
the increasingly serious domestic situ
ation within Austria and Germany, and
especially with relation to food and
economic dangers.
A separate penco would have been
of more advantage to Austria in the
spring. Then, Russia nold Gahcia and
threatened to overrun Hungary; Ttaly
was then about to enter. Hut, now, it
is extremely unlikely thnt there will be
a break in the alignment between Aus
tria and Germany, for since spring, the
Hussions have been thrown buck in tia
licia, and Italy lias failed to make
hendwn- with her campaign.
That the domestic situation is really
serious is indicated Jrom the tact that
Germany has stopped the foreign cir
dilation of tho Cologne Gazette and
tho Frankfurter Zcitung, tho principal
independent German newspnpers. This
was probably because they printed crit
icisms of the government and accounts
of disquieting occurrences of which the
euemv ought to be kept in ignorance,
Reports of fond riots hi Austria nnd
Gcrmnny have been too frequent of
lato to be unrounded. The latest, re
port declared thnt women before tho
kaiser's palace cried out for tho re
turn of their husbands.
That the two emperors discussed pos
sible peace is regarded as likclv, in
view of the disturbing situation within
their own borders and the prospects of
news and serious trouble for them on
the southeastern front.
Thirty Are Killed, Fragments
of Bodies Scattered Long
Wilmington, Del., NoNv. 30 Thirty
persons were killed today in an explo
sion of a packing house at the Ihipont
I'owder company's big powder works, ac
cording to official announcement from
the company this afternoon.
Twenty-seven persons wero employed
in tne paciiing House when a- wagon
load of powder standing outside ex
pinned setting off tho packing house.
An ambulance nttachelH report aaid
that 18 had been killed and 17 hurt. .
Fragments of bodies scnttcrcd a long
distance wero shoveled up nnd put in
Officials refused to make any stato
inent concerning the explosion until the
investigation is completed.
The cause of the explosion was not
determined. .
The company said, however, thnt the
origin would probably always remain
The destroyed packing house was
frame building IS by 20 feet, divided
into six rooms in which n mvnher
persons' were engaged in preparing ex
plosives for shipment,
Foreman Allen Thaxter was blown
clear across the Brandywino river, nnd
was identuied only by hiB tindercluth
in If.
Some idea of the force of the explo
sion mny be gained from the fact that
in tho littlo packing house was an
estimntod quantity of 8,000 pounds of
pciiet prismatic powder.
Bodies of the victims were mangled
ondiy in many instances.
The explosion was the worst in th
history of the company, the next larg
est number of victims having 14 In an
accident in 1880.
Elmer Mace, who was killed, drove a
team drawing two cars of black powder,
Just as he arrived at the packing bouse
the terrific explosion occurred, slink
ing the earth nnd striking terror to
the populntion for miles around.
No trace of Mnco has been found, so
it Is believed thnt his body was grounc
into bits. His horses were found crush
ed Into Atoms, wbilo half a mile away
a uorscs leg wns rouna oesiue inei
body of man burned beyond recognl-j
Maps Out Line of Offense and
Defense In Drive To
Despite Sweeping Victories,
German Position In Balkans
Is Far From Safe
Amsterdam, Nov. 30. Germany fore
sees today the prospect of powerful as
saults against her to prevent fruition
of her aim to join hands with the Ti
nt Constantinople. Though the snows
are driving bitterly throughout, th
southeastern wnr theatre, Germany nn-
iiciparos Bniitnn attacks sooner or Inter
(1) From tho Russians nnd rierhans
the Ruinaniuns on the north.
(2) Russian attempts nt Inndini? un
the Bulgarian Black sea coast.
(J) Onslaughts from the French.
British and remnants of the Serbs in
the south.
(4) From the Italians nnd !Moiiene-
grins advancing through Albania.
Though some reports suggested the
kaiser's conference with Emncror
Franz Josef nt Vienna dcult with meas
ures to meet these formidable prospects,
it is not believed here thnt defense
plans were talked. Moreover, .reports
lint Austria wants a scparutc peace arc
not credited.
Owing to the severity of the Balkan
winters, major fighting from nny of
the above sources is unlikely until
spring. Moreover, no Geivnnn drive
against Egypt ; . anticipated until the
Kaiser bus made Uis positions in the
Balkans safo and experts feel that de
spite successes for his arms, ho is still,
far from having attained Biich a posi
tion. In connection with tho prospective
attack from Russia and Rumania, Ger
many plans to hurl against the lnvadors
a force of Bulgars, a few Germans and
as many Turks as are needed to i
the gaps.
To thwart Hussian landing attempts
on the Black sea coast the Turks will
be utilized, while for the expected
smash in the south, Turks, strong Gc
man rorces and enough Bulgars to rep
resent Bulgaria's claim to possession of
Macedonia will be thrown into the
struggle to check the entente forces.
Austrian troops will be charged v
the task of preventing success of Itnl
inn and Montenegrin assaults via Al
Rumania Still Neutral.
Cope'nhligen, Nov. 30. Rumania
earnestly wishes to remain neutral;
therefore the Russinu navy nannot en
ter the Dnnubo river, which is mined.
Ibis notice tins I icon sent to itus-
sin, according to Buchnrest dispatches
today. Moreover, it is assumed that
the Rumanians will object even moro
strenuously to a movement of Russiun
troops overland across Rumanian tor
irtory, as apparently is proposed by
tho c.ar. While there Ib considerable
pro-ally sentiment in Rumania, it is re
ported that a patriotic leaguo lias neen
ormert at Bucharest to wrest Bessar
abia from Russia by joining tiiu cen
tral allies,
Russia Makes Slight Gains.
London, Nov. 30. Increuse in the
intensity of firo on the Riga front,
with scottcriug Russiun guins else
where were claimed, by tho nfficiul
statement received here early today.
From Dvinsk to the Pripet, the struggle
is nt more or less of a standstill.
British Retreating.
Berlin, by wireless to Tuckertou, N.
J., Nov. 30. With the Turks pursuing
thorn, the British are still rctrcuting
from Bagdad. Constantinople reported
today. An English cavalry officer wus
reported as one of the thousand dcau
dead left on the Held in tnat region.
Prisrend Captured.
London. Nov. 30. Capture of Prls
rend, near the Albanian border, in
western Serbia was claimed by Berlin
ofiicially today.
Oregon: Tonight,
and Tuesday, oc
casional rain in
west, and rain or
' snow in the east
portion; east to
south winds.
(ip HKE. To oM
Important Developments
Expected in the Balkans
London, Nov. 30 Imminent and pos- settlement Is near between the allies
sibly epochalty important develop- and Greece. The allies are understood
ments among the entente powers in the to be willing to waive their demand for
Balkan situation are predicted here to- demobilization of the Greek army, pro
day on the strength of following sig- vided the Greeks will agree to with
nificant moves: draw their forces from Salonika where
Further urgent represtations in no- the allies are landing,
gotiations with Greece. Kitchener's visit in Paris is believ-
Earl Kitchener's conference last ed to have dealt chiefly with the prob
night with French War heads, presuui- lem of seeding vast reinforcements to
ably on future Balkan operations. the Balkans.
Announcement that the Italian cab- . The Rome statement is expected to
incljwill send an important communi- relate to Italian operations, possibly al
cation to the Italian parliament when ready begun, witn Sedbia as the ob
it convenes tomorrow. jective.
The czar's presence with his troops
at Reni, on the Rumanian border, sug-
gesting an early move into Serbia or
Meantime, it Is believed here tnat a
10 '
Revenues Take Second Place
Or May Give Way To
Ship Purchase Bill
By Bond P. Geddes.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Nov. 30. Lest revenue
questions arise to perpex and vex ad
ministration leaders, the Wilson pro
gram for the new congress will be pre
pnrcdncss first revenues afterward. It
was learned today that the president
has counselled leaders to hold the rev
enue sup.iect ia abeyance until the oth
er problem is settled, thus centering
the firo on tho preparedness question
without entangling any endangering it
with money matters.
Congress lenders however, hope to
tako up tho bill extending the present
war tax expiring in December, before
consideration of tho preparedness is
sues. They nrc agreeable, however, to
waiting on other revenue bills, includ
ing mcasuros to continue tne sugur tar
iff, to increnso the productivity of the
income, tux, and to tax gasoline and the
horsepower of automobilo and motor
boat engines.
Meantime, democratic, lenders are
working on an inheritance tax measure.
Some of tho proposals already made
aro regarded as so sweeping that they
would fuil of passage, but many mem
bers of congress apparently arc favor
able to a" reasonable tax 01 this kind.
Postponement of revenue measures
until tho fate of tho ship purchase bin
has been determined is known also to
he considered. This arises from the
fact that revenue bills would be af
fected by the question of whothor
twonty-uve or fifty millions were ap
propriated for buping and building
Congratulations and Expres
sions of Appreciation Are
Pouring In
San Francisco, Nov. 30. With the
Inst day of the Punaiiin Pucific exposi
tion close nt hand, expressions of ap
urcciation nnd congratulation nre pour
ing in upon the fair directors today,
which will bo followed by President
Wilson's nulion-wide toast tomorrow.
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt wired from
Oyster Buy, Joe Cannon added his senti
ments nnd liny W. Howard, president
of tho Unitcll Tress paid a tribute to
tho extiosition.
'Through President -Moore, " said
Roosevelt, "I desire to thank your
body in tho name of nil good American
ltr.ens for the invnliiiinle worn this ex
position has doao for the whole country.
You have rendered all the people or. tne
Unitod States tho debtors of Cali
fornia." .
Cannon paid a glowing tribute:
"Tho Panama-Pacific exposition takes
Its place in tho world's greatest exposi
tions," be wired. "I congratulate Han
KTancisco, the stnte of California, the
Pacific coast and the whole country
over your magnificent success. Its in
fluence will tend to bring the orient and
occidont closer together for the benefit
of the whole world."
"Human bottermcnt," said Howard,
"and tho world progress are dependent
upon humanity and the world gutting
together. The exposition has Deen a
groat got together placo. Its influence
will be felt for years to come. If the
United Press has been able to contribute
to its success, our action hnS been a
Portland, Ore, Nov. 30. The girl
students of Fnirvicw sciiooi were hu
miliated today because two boys won
tho cake baking and biscuit making
events in a cooking contest.
Clyde Peterson's cake was ao easy
winner, according to the Judges, and
Clifford Biirlingame's biscuits were
like mother used to make.
As for the czar's presence on tho Ru-
nianian border, it is thought that he
would not review his forces there un-
less the plan wero to have them take
the fieid immediately.
E. J. Kaiser Seriously Wounded-Assistant
Then Shoots
jj jj
Ashland, Or., Nov. 30. Wil
liam Greenfield, the postal clerk,
who shot and dangerously
wounded Postmaster E. J. KaiB
er and then himself today, died
this afternoon.
4t 4f sl iV I'
Ashland, Or., Nov. 30. Postmnstor E,
J. Kaiser was shot nnd seriously wound
ed here today oy William Urcenfield, a
postal clerk who then shot himsolf.
Greenfield will probably die. Tho shoot
ing occurred in the postofficc.
Kaiser was sitting nt. his desk when
Greenfield, without warning, fired, the
nniiet tniung effect behind his victim's
ear. Greenfield then placed the re
volver in his own mouth and pulled the
The reason for the shooting has not
been ascertained but it was reported
that Kaiser had lodged complaint
against ureenrietd with tho police be
cause of his alleged annrchistio views.
Greenfield cniue to Ashland two vcars
ago, being transferred from the Now
iork City postoffice.
Miss Merrill, a postal clerk, was tho
only witness to the shooting. Kaiser iB
one of tho most prominent men in south
ern Oregon. Ho wns owner of tho Ash
land Record at tho time of his appoint
ment as postmaster.
A Straight Ticket For 1916,
With Roosevelt for Presi
dent Is Program
, New York, Nov. 30. "No combine
with the O. O. P." stunds today us tho
bull moose slogaa. This decision
against amiilgn,nntion hns been readied
by the national executive committee
Nothing has been renched by tho na
tional executive. Nothing but a straight,
ticket for 101(1 will do, leaders declared.
Moreover, they hinted that Colonel
Roosevelt might bo culled to lend the
hosts, with possibly Johnson of Califor
nia, ns a running mate.
The national cominitteo will moot
January 10 in Chicago to fix tho con
vention date and place.
Chiiirmnii Perkins of the oxecutivo
committee said today ho felt that ro-
publicans cannot win, particularly, no
hinted, as he regarded their 101(1 prosi-
France Sends the Flower of
Her Youth to The Trenches
By William Philip Bimms. I
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Paris, Nov, 30. Over tho strenuous
objection of socialist deputies, Franco
today determined to send into the
trenches her lads of 18 yearn.
Through the vote of the chamber of
deputies, the class of 11117 was called to
tho colors. Socialists vainly tried to
have the nation exhaust all its other
supplies of men before culling upon tho
boys. They sought to huvo tho date of
the boys entry deferred to March nt
the earliest. Thoir pleas though fell
on deaf ears, however, and within prob
ably six months a quarter of a million
new soldiers will bo on their way to
the front.
Ooneral Onlllenl, war minister, prom
ised to use the boys on tho firing
line only in an Imperative case. Few,
however, believe the need will not arise
Moreover, Oiillienl promised thnt tho
nation will take every possible precau
Commissioner of Immigration
Thinks This Result Is a
ONLY 300,000 WILL
Millions Killed Other Millions
Physical Wrecks, Will Keep
Able Bodied at Home
Sacramento, iCM, Nov. 30. Tha
Europenn wnr has cut down immigra
tion in t'.io United States to the rate of
about 300,000 annually says A. ( nmin
otti, United Hiates commissioner of im ,
migratiui, who is in the city today.
"Boforo the war the number of im
migrants was about one million a
year," he snid. "Tho first year of th
war reduced the number to 650,000 and
tho second year will reduce the num
ber to about 300,000.
"Tho great falling off In immigra
tion is affording an opportunity for
closer inspection of immigrants with
tho result thnt where three persons
wore excluded formerly because of phy
sical or mental deficiency, ten persona
aro now boing excluded.'
Cnminotti is of the opinion that im
migration will be decidedly slack for
years to como because of the war.
"Milions have boen killed," he says,
"millions hnve been wounded and are
thereby physical deficient whilo a
great many who will get through tho
war without death or permanent in
jury will bo mentally deficient because
of the continuous booming of nionstor
guns, terriblo fightinc in tho trenches
and tho use of poisonous gases, fur
thermore tho warring countries will
probably induce men to remain after
tho strugglo is over to help build up
the places now being devastated."
Military Experts Expect Great
Results From General
Kitchener's Visit
London, Nov. 30. Earl Kitchener
arrived today following his trip to the
near oast, Italy and Paris.
With his return it was bolioved here,
that a definite and more active Balkan
campaign will be mupped out. In Paris,
Inst night, Kitchener conforrcd witli
war leaders, nnd it is thought ho reach
ed an agreement for stronger co-operation
niul reinforcement of armies in
tho Bulkuns.
Moreover, his conference with the
Ituliun king and General Cadorim is
seemingly bearing fruit, in view of
Italy's apparent intention to cross Al
bania to Herbin.
After his Gullipoli visit, too, came
roports of a renewed offensive thero.
Military experts see prospects of big;
results from his journey.
Kitchener will report to the kiiiR
soon concerning the outcome of his trip.
His return is regarded aB disposing of
rumors circulated when ho left, that
ho would tuko personal command in th
dontiul timber ns unsuited to tho coun
try's needs.
tion to protect the health of tho coun
try's lust offering of young manhood.
Clothing, equipments, depots und camps
whore these boys will do armed, no
said, have undergone scrupulous inspec
tion by tho nmiy's most able sanitary
Though memtiers or mo emss aru
young they nrc considered the flower
of. France's regenerated manhood. Re
strictions imposed on the sale of alco
hol, and the encouragement givon by
tho country to athletic sports have,
worked wonders. These lads will go to
tho front, clean nnd strong of body and
keen of mind,
. For a year, thousaads of them hav
boon training volunturily. Most of them,
havo already had medical examinations,
and these have shown fewer rejoctieim
than ever before In tho history of tho
Plans aro complcto for moving them
at an early moment, so It is beliovi
thoy will be iu the trenches within lis
months. J