Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, November 25, 1915, Image 4

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    Editorial Page of "The Capital Journal"
CHARLES H. FISHEB,
Editor and Manager
TIM ItSDAV KS'KNl NO,
November 25, 191".
PUBLISHED EVEBT KVEXIXG EXCEPT SUNDAY, SALEM, OBEOON, BY
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
L.8. BAKNEH,
President
CHAS. II. FISHER,
Viee-I'reaidcat
UOBA C. ANDBEfiEN,
Sec. and Trcas.
(SUBSCRIPTION BATES
nn hv esrrier. ner vf ar $500 Per month.
Daily by mail, per year
3.00 Per month.
,43c
.35c
FULL LEASED WIRE TELEOBAPH BEPOKT
EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES
New York Chicago
Werd-Lewis-Williams Special Agency Harry K. fisher Co.
Tribune Building 30 N. Dearborn St.
The Capital Journal carrier boys are instructed to put the papers on the
porch. If tlio carrier does pot do this, misses you, or neglects getting the
naper to you on timo, kindly phone the circulation manager, as this is the only
ray we cap determine whether or not the carriers are following instructions.
Phone Muiu 81.
THE DRIFT TO THE CITIES
Three-eights of the population of the United States
live in cities. Such is the report of the census office on
urban population.
The term "hayseed" no longer applies. The young man
from the rural town or the farm is not an object of
derision any more in the city. His attire is conventional,
ins deportment manifests culture, he is amply informed as,
to the tricks and schemes of villians, he is familiar with
business customs and methods, and, in general, he shows
himself to be in touch with the world and with affairs.
This is because the newspapers that get regularly into the
country are better than ever. News is carried out to the
country daily. The young man supplements his reading
with occasional trips to town.
It is not so many years since Henry George, a work
ingman of high character and brilliant intellect, by his
indomitable industry educated himself, in the older
political economy and then startled the world by
"progress and poverty. '' Most of our readers will remem
l)er his claim that the increase of want and the increase
of wealth side by side were due to lack of land. Land is a
constant, while population increases and so Mr. George
not only believed very earnestly himself, but made a good
many others believe, that increasing poverty was due to
increasing land monoply and the power of the landlord to
dictate rents.
Hut there is a factor actually at work which upsets
Mr. George's conclusions. For if at one point of time
half the people of a given tract of country are living in
towns and the other half on farms there will be an aver
age area of so much land required per capita. If, after a
few years, there has been a heavy increase in the town
population at the expense of the country population, it
may easily come to pass that a less area per capita is re
quired, for a town lot is very much smaller on an average
than the tiniest country farm.
GAMBLING AND ITS SUPPRESSION
China is going back to the monarchial rule after a
brief experience with a republican form of government is
pronounced a failure or else ambitious men are claiming
it was a failure in order to restore the old order of things.
Anyhow the republic is to be abandoned and, following
the enthronement ceremony, the Chinese government will
become much the same as it was immediately before the
agitation and strife that gave birth to a republic heralded
as evidence of the dawn of a true civilization for the
Flowery Kingdom. Quite likely the Chinese people were
not ready for a republic and there is evidence that some
of those who advocated it and assisted in its installation
were less concerned with the welfare of their country
than with visiting vengeance upon their political enemies.
Whether all sincere or not, they presented a thought too
advanced for the popular mind of China to grasp.
Some one has figured out that Oregon has the follow
ing material things to be thankful for: For 17,364,000
bushels of wheat, valued $14,582,760; for 15,456,000 bushels
of oats, valued $5,564,160; for 4,788,000 bushels of barley,
valued $2,489,760; for 710,000 bushels of corn, valued
$427,800; for 6,120,000 bushels of potatoes, values $3,182,
400; for 1,040,000 bushels of apples valued $915,200; for
556,000 bushels of pears, valued $389,200; for 1,741,000
tons of hay, valued $14,624,400; for 62,000 tourists who
visited the state in 1915; for 290,000 cases of canned
fruits, valued $750,000; for a record catch of salmon.
THE MARKETS
AH markets were closed for the
Thaultsgyiiig holiday and with t'ae
holiday coming on Tliusday, the eiianc
es are the markets in .all lines will re
main quiet during the week.
Peonle talk, now and again, of abolishing gambling,
and they succeed, now and again, of doing away in a
limited area, with some form of it as policy, pool or
poker.
Hut as the world is organized they might as well talk
of abolishing human nature as eradicating the gambling
spirit.
The instinct to take a chance is the oldest of all in
stincts except the two instincts that preserve, respective
ly, the individual and the species.
As certain sociologists nave pointed out, the primitive
mission of gambling was to call society into being. It
banished the ennui that. afflicted the savage before the
arts of conversation came into existence. It made men
neck one another's company and rejoice in their fellow
ship. Through it they became social beings. To the pure
ly brutal pleasures of eating and drinking, which were the
occasions of the first reunions of primitive men, it added
. in intellectual and humanistic factor.
Gambling over the cards or the dice or the wheel comes
more and more under the ban, because it no longer has
any useful side.
"Tis an invocation to call fools into a circle."
So the tendency of one class of governments is to sup
press this form of hazard, and of another still wider class
to regulate it, and monopolize its revenues, by the estab
lishment of state lotteries where patrons may be sure
the cards are not stacked against them.
President Wilson put in the day working on his an
nual message. With congress to meet in a few days, he
probably figured that he had little to be thankful for
anyway.
x
The Serbian army must have been much larger than
at first reported, judged now by the number of prisoners
the invaders claim to have taken.
The question of markets for Willamette valley pro
duce is one of absorbing interest and should have been
taken up years ago. The Commercial Club and the
representative farmers who are meeting together for this
purpose will accomplish much if they arrive at a satis
factory solution of the problem.
King Albert of Belgium and King Peter of Serbia
have placed the capitals of their kingdoms that were on
wheels and are at home wherever night over takes them.
One of the biggest questions to be answered by the Euro
pean war is the future of these two kings without a
kingdom.
Chicago is to have an auxiliary police force of 20,000
to deal with sanitation and cleanliness. And it will keep
the whole bunch busy to make any kind of an impression
on the dirt of that city.
Postal savings in this country have broken all previous
records by totaling $71,500,000, on October 31. Also,
something to be thankful for.
And we might be thankful that the football season
is over.
THANKSGIVING
The sun of peace serenely shines upon our f igtrees and
our vines, the justly famous dove, that blood-tired climes
are sighing for, its pinions all unstained by war, is flutter
ing above. Your home, perhaps, is plain
and poor, but in it you may dwell secure,
and rest when evening comes; no howling
foes approach your door, insisting on three
quarts of gore, and death to sound of
drums. You milk the cow and gather eggs,
and no one shoots you in the legs, or prods
you with a spear; war racks old Europe's
weary strand, war stalks in almost every
land, but Peace abideth here. All other
benisons and boons seem cheaper than a
dish of prunes, beside this mighty fact, that
we have peace while others slay, and find upon our right
of way no grisly dead men stacked. The groaning barns,
and bursting mows, abundant crops and fertile cows, for
which we render thanks, the rolls of butter we have
churned, the mortgage that we lately burned, the money
in the banks all these are sordid things for which to send
up anthems grand and rich, in ecstasy of praise ; the dove
of peace, the milk-white dove, that flutters this fair land
above, 'tis that enchants our days.
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
Established 1868
CAPITAL' $500,000.00
Transact a General Banking; Business
Safety Dcpesit Boxes
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Great Entertainment
Will Raise Funds For
Woman's Memorial Bldg.
1'nrtlnnil, Ore., Nov. 25. November
the 20th will be college mid club night
at the ice hippodrome.
The program includes: A hockey
((.tine between professional und picked
amateurs, a burlesque, hockey game, n
tug of war among the high schools,
professional race, fancy skating, spe
cial stunts nml grand march. There will
be lots of lights, music, decorations and
college,
Wo are going to Imve three bands and
two glee clubs,
Trophies nre offered for tho best col
lege, cluli or high school yells, l'rir.es
are being given for the student who
sells the most tickets.
The following will be there: Boxes
have been taken by the Notary club,
W. I. Musters, J. Shannon, .Mr. PoVar
noy, Charles 'erg, the Multnomah club
have tnken five for their foot bull team,
occupying two, Hugh Hume of the
Hpcetnlor, Oregon foothnll learn two,
Het Theta l'lii h five boxes, Olil isl
two boxes, Alphn Thii Omega one, l'hl
Delta Theta one, bigma (.'hi one-, Knlpa
Alpha Theta one, l'hl Deltns, one, W. T.
Foster, Heed college one, Zettt 1'si two.
Cleo. W, Hsker and city commissioners
one, Mrs. Vincent Cook, Wellsly club,
Michigan Alumni, Dr. Kutherine Mini
on, Oregon Alumnae, Dr. Wheeler and
I Miss Wold, Oregon Alumnae, Kappa
I Knppa OiKiima, Alpha l'lii four, Dr.
! Kulph SlnUon, Mrs. Thus, lloneymtiu,
Chi Omegn two, Mrs. tJoo. (larlinger,
i Oh I olita l'lii, Deltn Onmma four, O. R.
& N. three, represented by l'resident
J. 1). Fiirroll, Mr. Wm, Me Murray and
I J. T. O'Brien; (iamma l'hl Beta six,
1 Judge (lutens, Mrs. Jnmcs Kerr, A. (.'.
1 A., Oregon Alumnae for hostesses three,
Mr. Ham Juckson of the Journal five,
Sections hsv been takes by the
Rotary, Multnomnh, University (if Ore
gon, Oregon Alumuue, 0. W, F. N.
nnd Ad club, Progressive Business
Mn'i club,-Realty elub and O, A. C.
The proceeds Will go toward the wo
man's building fuud of the Mate uni
versity. Wo want you to come.
' VANY COUTLES wxa
WHOLESALE MAEKET
Grains.
Hay, timothy, per ton $14.00
Oats, vetch $10.00
Cheat $9.00 10.00
Wheat 80(5, 82c
Oats 35c
Rolled barley $32.00
Corn $10.00 :
Cracked corn $41.50'
Bran $26.00
Shorts, per ton $28.00
Clover seed 1310c:
Butter. i
Butterfat 33c j
Creamery butter, per pound 35c
Country butter 30c
Eggs and Poultry. !
Eggs, candled, No. 1, cash 38c .
t.gn, taau VUUUL, cuou ........ O'JI' ooc
! Eggs, trade 37(g3!c
i Eggs, storage 2Sc
tlens, pound 11c
! Roosters, old, per pound 7c
I Spring chickens, pound .... llfjill 1-2'-.
(Turkeys, live 15?J Kic
: Turkeys, dressed lS(5 10c
Fork, Veal and Mutton.
Veal, dressed 9c
Pork, dressed 7 l-2c :
I'ork, on foot 5 l-4cj
Spring lambs 6 l-4c
Steers otii 5 l-2ci
Cows 2(u4c
Bulls 3c
Ewes 3c
Wethers i(a l-2c
Vegetables.
Cabbage 40c
Tomatoes, California $1.00(5 1.25;
string grirlic, 15c
Potatoes, cwt 75c I
Brussels sprouts 10c j
Sweet potatoes $2.25
Beets 40c '
Carrots 40c
Turnips 40c
Celery 40(r70c,
Onions $1.50
f'alifornin hend lettuce, case $2.50(Ti 2.75
(ireen beans 12 l-2c
Fruits.
Ornnges, Valencia $G.00(E(1.25
Ornnges, Navels $4.75
Lemons, per box $4.25(3 4.75
Bananas, pound 5 l-4c
California grnpe fruit .... $6.00(S 7.00
Dutes, dromedary, case $3.35
Fard dates $1.00
Grapes $1.40
Cranberries $10.00gM 2.0(1
Pineapples 7 l-2c
Houcy $3.50
Retail Prices.
KprfTS, per dozen, fresh ranch ..4045c
Eggs, storago 30c
Sugar, enno $7.00
Sugar, D, G $8.80
Creamery butter 40c
Flour,-hard wheat $1.50(3 2.40
Flour, valley $1.20(3 1.51
Report Hop Sales Along the
Coast At 12 Cents for Tops
Portland, Ore., Nov. 25. There wnsj
a small spurt of hop buying uloug the
coast during the lust 24 hours but the
principal activity was in Yakima unci
in the Sonoma sections.
Twelvo cents was again paid for top
quality offerings both in this stnte and
in California nnd the high prico was
being offered in Yakima for similar
selections. . i
Dealers attribute most of the buying
to short covering, but this is merely a
guess. i
In this slute Frank 8. Johnson Hop
company purchased two lots from grow
ers jn Yamhill county nnd a cnrlond
from dealers in Mnrion county, n total
of two corloads. The prico was nround
11 cents a pound nnd the quality prime
to choice. i
Wolf Hop company purchased 00
bales of Henry Heck at Aurora nt, 12 !
cents u pound. The Wolf company like-;
wise purchased 48 bales from Gooding j
at St. Paul but the prico is not an- j
lion need,
T. A, I.ivesley & Oo. were, reported '
operating in the Sonoma, Oil., section
with the purchase of .'10(1 bnles there at!
II A t cents n pound. Wolf Hop com
pany purchased 200 bales In the sumo
section nt 12 cents for top quality.
Potato Market Slow.
While showing practically no weak
ness, the market fur potatoes is not, so
keen, Very little buying is nowToport
ed in the country. Dealers who were
exceedingly anxious a short time ngo to
pay as high (is $1 a cental f. o. b. coun
try points for selected shipping stock,
are now out of the mnrket entirely, nt
leust for the time being.
Speculative interests nro filled with
potatoes. They have purchased about
all tho stock that they eon take care
of financially and tho stocks have been
stored in country warehouses. Little of
this stock has been moved to outside
markets, because the prico paid here
was generally above a shipping bnsis,
being mainly in sHculntion for the fu
ture. Some small lots have gone for
ward to tho Sun Francisco trnde, but
these shipments form only a very small
per cent of the total purchases nt the
extreme mark. ,
Nevertheless, there is no disposition
among producers to accept a lower
price range; in fact, It Is not the ques
tion of price in the mnrket at this time,
but of moving the stocks already pur
chased, Tfio trndo in general is' in
clined to the opinion that tho future of
the market is good, but none are look
ing for mnnway value.
Onions continue wenk and generally
not selected by the trade,
Dr. W. A. COX I
l PAINLESS DENTIST t
I 303 State Street t
I SALEM, ORE.
(Study briefly the face of the fel
low who Is carrying a fish pole, and
you can tell whether he Is coming
or going.)
The same applies to the man with tooth troubles;
with the exception that a man even if he buys the
teeth, cannot smile unless they fit him.
My office is fully equipped with the latest appli
ances for the practice of painless dentistry. All work
guaranteed for ten years.
LADY ATTENDANT ALWAYS PRESENT
Phone 926
$7, the day's top, with a good run of
the medium kind at around $0.50. All!
lines were exceptionally strong and!
somewhat higlier than lust week.
Hogs. . I
Brisk trading kept hogs nt $0.10, lust ,
week's top closing pricct. Hulk prices
were $0 to $0.10, about 7,0110 were on
the market, nud were quickly taken by
the buyers, i
Sheep. I
No change in the general sheep situa-;
tion. Lambs could still be good enough
to bring $7.50. ;
Representative Sales.
51 steers 1178 $7.00 !
15 steers 1220 $0.75
02 steers 1133 $li.5
15 steers 1200 $0.00
15 cows 1125 $5.50 i
14 cows 1HI2 $5.25 j
5 cows 1104 $5.00'
2 cows ..1255 $4.75,
2 bulls 1540 $1.25,
1 heifer 750 $0.25;
1 stag 1200 $5.25'
1 calf , 170-$7.501
1395 hogs 205 $0.10 !
373 hogs 210 $(1.05
40 hogs 100 $5.00
70 lambs 70 $7.25
558 wethers 04 $(i.2.
5 ewes 126 $4.00
Dr. John Straub, of Eugene,
Would Be Next Governor
Marsh field, Or., Nov. 2.". Dr. John
Stinub, vice-president of tho Univer
sity of Oregon, who is here on a lec
turing tour, has announced that if
Governor Withycombe is" not in the
race for tho office again, he will be a
candidate for the republican nomina
tion for governor.
Coos Hay Times: Geo. Boos, who was
down from his Catching Inlet ranch to
day, stated that this week he picked a
lot of ripe wild blackberries. This is
the first time in his long residence in
Coos county that he has found the ber
ries ripe in any great quantity aa late
as November.
Tortlnnd, Or., Nov. 2,V Twenty-fh-e-cauplea
will combine matrimony and
gaslronoinicnl feats today in honor of
Thanksgiving. All secured unrringe
licenses yesterday. Thero were but 17
nmrriuges lu Portland Inst turkey dny.
WEEKLY REPORT OT
UNION STOCK YARDS
North rortlnnd, Ore., Nov, 22. To
day 'g trading was very brick In all
Jines, and was said by buyers and ship
pers both to have been' the best for
many days. Two can of steers went lit
n
A poor or inferior butter will make the best
bread distasteful
THEREFORE
ASK YOUR GROCER FOR
Marion Creamery Butter
"Meadow Brook"
U costs no more and you Get the Best
THIS WEEK ONLY
TEN LOADS
Mil Wood
AT 1.5 AT
Prompt Delivery
Spaulding Logging
Company
4