Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, November 13, 1915, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 9

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puirr nun rcMT ON irainb and kiwi
Only Six Americans A re
" ; ; Left in Foreign Legion
Did It Ever Happen to You?
By Mort Burger
U news
swi''., '; -'-( s
?i j
With the French Army in Cham
pagne, Octr22.(By mail.) The Amer
Scans in the French. Aviation Corps are
making good, the air fleet commandant
here told me today. . There are six of
them left; one,-Jimmy Bach, of Utah,
having recently been taken prisoner by
the Germans. ' .
Among the others are Eliott Cowden,
wealthy Bostonian, and a good polo
. player; Bert Hall, of Texas, lean, lank
. and good natured; Billy Thaw, of Pitts
burg; Norman Prince nnd some others.
"I saw Hall and Cowderi. today. Both
.are ',' fast cruisers," flying the swift
est machines in the squadrilla. Georges
' Carpeut'ier, the famous French middle
weight youngster,-is a member of the
. tame group.
; I visited the aerodrome towards sun
.. down. One by one the birds were com
. ing home to roost, , circling over the
. field, volplaning down, turning and
. lolling bock on the ground under their
: ovm power. Down from one of the tin
iest of these a beautiful, short-winged
' creation in pearl-gray and blue
stopped Hall. Seating himself on a run
ner he was helped out of his fur-lined
- overalls, Esquimaux boots and other
Arctic overwear.
"Geel" he cxplaimed, walking up
and warming his hands before a ben
' zine flare lighted to guide belated pil--ota
home. "Lordy, but it's cold up
."I thought I was going to be late,"
, Be said, "1 got out pretty iar." yi
is no joke landing in one of these little
- mniil ViAva lilrA minA. pvfln in the dflV
! timo. And if it is getting dark the
machine capsizes tnree-iounns oi me
; time. Leon Hourlier and his brother-in-law,
Leon Comes, both famous French
; bicycle raters, were killed in the same
machine only the other day on this very
' field in just such a stupid landing ac
' eident. Pretty tough to. escape the Ger
mans only to get smashed before you
: own door, eh I"
' fectly organized and in much the same
1 way as is tne mgn seas iieei. nan
Um nAwsrfnl twn.entrineil. double nro-
' pellered planes corresponding to the
Pacific Northwest Prune
Prune culture in the Pacific North
west hus had a very checkered career,
says a recent; 0. A. 0. bulletin. The
early penologist took a great deal
' of interest in plums ' and prunes,
' because, of the mnguificence of the
' products produced, and the ease with
which they were grown. This inter
est increased up to the early nineties,
when the prune reached a boom
period. Thousands of acres were
planted in a few years. They wore
planted on all kinds of soils and ex
posures, and a great many varieties
were tried. Towards the latter part
of the nineties, thore was a tremen
dous .production of the fruit, mostly
ef a questionable value. Few men
knew how to evaporate prunes proper
ly. Much of the product decuyed in
transit, whilo somo was evaporated
so hard as to be practically inedible.
There was little or no market for the
dried tart prune; consequently, there
- was but one inevituble result; namely,
a collapse and in a few years thou
sands of acres of trees were token out.
The United States census shows t'-iat
there were nearly a million less prune
trees in the state of Oregon in 1910
than were growing in 1900. About
1905 the industry began to pick up.
Those growers who had good loca
tions and proper varieties, nnd who
had mastered the process of evapor
ation began to find a market. This
markot has steadily improved, until
in the last seven or eight years, the
prune has proved to be a very profit
able crop, either shipped green, or
evaporated. The incrouse in acreage
the past four years has been very
largo, and the industry now seems to
be thoronughly .established.
Thcro is considerable controversy,
especially in tho western section, ns
to the best locations for prunes. Borne
men prefer the bottom lands either
the sandy loams along the rivers, or
the stronger clay soils. The conten
tion is that these lower elevations
produce larger prunes and a greater
yield. Another Bot of growers, how
ever, stoutly maintain thnt the rolling
hills are the only places for prunes,
and while their plums are smaller,
nevertheless they are heavier and
sweeter,1 and their orchards aro more
reliable. East of the mountains the
prunes are generally planted in tho
silt loams.
Since all plum trees blossom In
early spring, they are vory subject to
loss from frosts and cold rains. To
offset the loss from frosts, the south
ern and eastern exposures should be
avoided, since the thawing out on such
exposures is very rnpid, leading to a
breakdown of the issues.
When planted on the lighter loams,
the peach root is preferred, but on th'
stronger loams, plum roots are prefer
able. Ab yet not enough investiga
tion has been conducted to determine
what species of plum roots are the
most desirable for the various, loca
tions. On the lighter soils, or higher eleva
tions, the trees are planted from
eighteen to twenty feet apart, bnt on
the stronger loams, from twenty to
twenty-two feet should be allowed.
dreadnaugkts. They can mount to any
altitude quickly, taking considerable
high explosive in addition to pilot and
observer. There are super-dreadnaughts,
some with three planes and enormous
double engines carrying bombs enough
to blow up a small town in addition
to a cannon and machine-guns. There
are scouts, "coust -defense" planes,
escort cruisers for the slower, bigger,
mightier air navigators.
This is a big change from the first
days of the war when an aeroplane per
formed any service its pilot was ordered
to do. Hall, tor examplo, never car
ries explosives. His duty, with his swift.
short-winged biplane, is either to do
scout service far behind the German
front, or accompany a bombarding fleot
and, like a destroyer at sea, ward off
the enemy. When you read of the
French air fleot bombarding some po
sition or other in Gorman territory,
you may know that these lightning fast
biplanes accompany it, scouting in ad
vance and protecting it on flanks,, rear
above and below. .
Other aeroplanes specialize on photo
graphing; Btill others cruise behind
their own lines, coast defending, chas
ing or attacking with machine-Runs
nnv German planes coming over. These
"chasers" are so constructed that they
can train their machine-guns on the
enemy from any angle up, down, fore
or aft. All these machines are armored,
The flower of the army is in the av
iation group. The air service appeals
to all classes, but particularly the
sporting element, and it can tnke its
pick from many candidates, me or
f icers are exceedingly smart and the
underling a very superior type.
A German officer is quoted by a neu.
tral observer at the front as saying in
reply to a request to get closor to the
lines: .
"Pont' think of such a thing: To get
inside the range of the French artillery
is certain fleathl"
This wa s a compliment to the artil
lerr arm, but it was also a loft-handed
one to its winged brothor; for if the
French artillery is wonderfully ef
ficient, the airmen are its chief aids in
making it so.
Culture Is Reviewea
Some growers claim that on. extreme
ly rich soils, twenty-five feet is a more
desirable distance.
The tillage given prunes is very
similar to that given other deciduous
fruits grown in the northwest. In nil
young orchards the tillage should be
very thorough in the early spring.
With trees not in bearing, tillage
should cease by the middle of July.
In many of the bearing orchards,
where the tillage has been very
thorough in the. early spring months,
sufficiont vigor of tree and size of
fruit is often obtained so that tillnge
can be discontinued by the middle of
July or the first of August, but in
many of the orchards it will be neces
sary to continue later, varying from
the first of August to the middle of
Formerly, tho trees were all headed
from thirty to forty inches in height.
In more recent years, however, many
growers are heading from twenty to
twenty-four inches and producing
very satisfactory trees. The same
general principles which apply to the
pruning of applo trees also apply to
the prune. Cure should be taken to
have the main scaffold limbs spaced
as far apart as possible. Strong head
ing back is necessary the first few
years, With many orchards, summor
pruning can be concluded advanta
geously, the pruning being done large
ly in June and consisting of a cutting
back of the terminals to the point
whore it iB desirable to force out new
laterals. Occasionally a little thin
ning out of the laterals is practiced.
When the trees reach their heavy
bearing, which is about tho seventh
year, it is desirable to give the trees
moderate pruning annually, tho aim
being to keep tho trees well supplied
with strong one and two year old
wood ob the large plums aro found
almost invariably on tho vigorous
wood. When orchards have been al
lowed to run down somewhat, it is of
ten found desirable, to thin out the
spurs with hand shears, and in this
way reinvigorato tho remaining spurs.
When trees aro very much run down,
tho most satisfactory treatment will
probably be to dehorn them, forcing
out a new vigorous top which, in from
three to four years, will produce com
mercial crops of fruit.
Vory little hand-thinning is done
with plums and prunes in the Pacific
Northwest. Tho Italian prunes gen
erally thin themselves. Some varie
ties of plums, however, must have
An Improved Quinine, Does not Cause
Nervousness nor Ringing in Head
The happy combination of Isxntives in
the Quinine in this form have a far
better effect than the ordinary Quinine,
and it can be taken by anyone without
affecting the head. Remember to call
for the full name. Look for signature
of E. W. Prove. 8Se.
The Detroit Nows, commenting en
the Oregon Agricultural college football
team, says the farther west you go the
tougher they get.
: '
Z -
.... ... - " n'Ki. '
'i j
( . ''': i . -
FJ Javv'VW'' h :
r fJ! t :
I f t gfh
. .. . . . '. ..Mrs, Nat Uoodwin No. 5.
' - Indications that, a rift fias appeared in the fifth matrimonial lut of
Nat C. Goodwin, who in Mayt J 913, married Marjorie Uoraland, have be
come apparent.
Industrial Accident Plan
of Interest to Farmers
By Carle Ahrams,
Farmers of Oreeon are coming to
realize that insurance, for their work
men against accident is desirable, there
fore the state industrial accident com
mission has established a rate for dif
ferent linos of farming operations un
der authority of section 31 of tho
amended act passed by the last legis
lature and which becumo effective)
July 1st. The great interest manifest
ed by farmers is shown by the fact
that up to date about 200 farmers have
availed themselves of the benefits of
this act. although the commission has
up to this time been so busy putting
into operation the new amendments to
the law that no effort has been made
to notify farmers of their 'privilege to
take advantage of the act. This infor
mation is becoming widely disseminated
and has caused a number of unfortun
ate instances in the commission office
during the past few weeks. In a num
ber of cases men have been injured on
the farm and the employer has then
inftde application to come under tho act
and sent in remittances to cover his
premiums with the hope that by so do
ing the injured man would be cared for
by the stute. This, of course, is im
portant ps will bo realized by ull read
ers. It is similar to insuring a building,
after the same has bcon burned down
and then expect to collect insurance on
tho building. Similarly a great many
applications have come in from farm
hands who have been injured, for bene
fits under the act. They thinking that
as long as they have not rejected the
act they are entitled to its bonefits.
However, no protection can be extend
ed to workmen unless accepted by ap
plication of the employer.
The rnto fixed for farming operations
is general farming including all opera
tions incident thereto, 2 per cent of tho
payroll. Trcshing, clover hulling, hay
and straw baling, 4 per Cent; prone
drying, 1 per cent; wood cutting, 3
Ser cent; lund elenring without bloating
14 per cent; with blnsting, 8 per cent;
rood work 3 per cent.
In addition to the above the em
ployer is required to collect from the
workmon and remit with his own con
tribution one cent a day from each
workman. In computing the amount
duo the commission add 415.00 per
month for board when the men aro
boarded. For instance, a farm hand
is paid $10.00 per month and board
nnd works 25 days, his wages would be
45S.OO per month. The premium would
bo 2 per cent of .lfj.00 or 9)1.10 plus
28 cents to bo contributed by the work
men making a totnl amount to be re
mitted to the commission of (1.36 for
tho month. This is duo and payable on
or before the Ifith of the month follow
ing that in which tho work is per
formed. Those farmers desiring to secure the
protection of this act may do so by
making application to the commission
for application blanks and a copy of
the law.
The protection afforded to both em
plover and workman is absolute. In
ease the workman is injured in the
course of his employment, the commis
sion will pay all expenses for doctor's
bills, hospital bills, medicine, etc, not
exceeding fZ.l.U0 and in audition com
pensate tho workman for time lost by
paying him a portion of his wages, not
less than $30.00 per month. I'nder no
circumstances can he sue tho employer
for1 damages on account of injuries
sustained as the money paid by tne
commission is full compensation under
the biw for the injury. This insures
the employer absolute protection from
damage suits and possibly from court
costs and insures the workmen of the
payment of his expenses and money in
which to live while injured. Working
men 's compensation is one or the great
est steps in legislation. It is not onl)
protection to the individuals, but it is
a protection to society agninst injured
workmen who might become public
chnrgos and who often do. It is a pro
tection to the families of injured work
men against suffering And poverty and
it is a protection to the public in tho
way of bixes, because ono of tho great
est costs of our system of government
is court costs and ono of the greatest
forms of court costs is personal injury
cases. Under Oregon's present liabil
ity laws its has become comparatively
easy for injured workmon to secure
dnmages against employers by bringing
Lastly, state compensation is Insur
ance conducted by tho Btato without
profit and tho state appropriates suf
ficient sums of money to more than pay
nil the expenses of operntion, so that
every dollar collected from omployors
and workmen alike is pnid back directly
to injured workmen in first aid and
for time lost. Numbers of farmers and
a great many manufacturers in times
past have afforded themselves liability
insurance from insuraiico companies
and in such caws the amount received
by the workmen is questionable as more
than half of it is used by tho company
in expenses and profit and a consider
able portion of that remaining Is dis
sipated by the Injured workman in law
yer's foes and court costs in suing for
his rights
Seattfe-Renton Railway
Is Hopelessly Bankrupt
Bonttle, Wash., Nov. 12 Ending more
than three years of litigntion over the
receivership of the Kenttle, Ronton t
Sonthern railway, the road was declur
cd hopelessly insolvent today nnd was
ordered sold outright to pny claims of
1,600,000 owing to its bond holders.
Superior Judge Kauffman, of Kittit
as county, who hoard the arguments
from the beginning of the long legal
battle which started in April, 1912,
entered the final 'order over the strong
protests of W. It. Crawford, former
president of the road.
Superior Judge Frater will have Juris
diction over the execution of Judpe
Kauffman 'a order. It Is understood
that an appeal will bo taken, although
no definite notice was given today.
nY wife yl(T,0 . W PCli
c,.ko5e) r , pifpir 1,1, .
New York, Nov. 13.-r-lt never rains
in Fisticanuin. There's a deluge. To
that alreadv hopelessly clouded atmos
phere enveloping the middleweight sit
uation is now added an equally murky
condition of affairs in the bantam di
vision. The "championship is mow
claimed by three boys nil of whose
claims aro of sufficient weight to merit
attention. - -
Kid Williams, the logical champion
lost on a foul to Kewpie rtle, St.
1'nul's entry, in a ten round bout, faon
along comes a little southerner named
Pal Moore; not the old )tgiitwoight
Pal with a decision over the Kid in
eight rounds at Memphis.
Snm'l Harris, the Baltimore Kid's
clarion voiced manager claims that both
reverses wore "home town" docisions,
and that the little Dane was robbed,
victimized, rolled, stung and various
other things,
. The phonographic mutteringe of Sam,
however, do not alter tue fact that the
little champion who for two years
knocked 'cm all dead is going back if
he hasn't already gone.
Looking over Williams' jecord the
past year proves it. Knockouts aro con
spicuous by their absence. The Kid
hasn't been fighting with that old
swing and rush that characterized bis
work when be lilted the crown cf
Johnny Coulou's head gevoral years
Whether or not Ertlc's claim, which
is at best only a technical ne, is of
sulticiunt weight to allow him to call
himself a champion, there is a general
expressed opinion in ring circles u.at
tho first man who gets a crack at the
rud over a ciiampionsiup distanco will
do tne new champion.
When the news trickled in from Phil
ndclpbin not long ago that Louisiana
had whipped the Kid in six rounds
fans generally took it with a portion of
salt. Then came his disqualification in
his bout with Krtlo when, according
to reports, ho was going bad. Ami last
ly comes this victory of Mooro's.
Williams' manager can howl till
Gabriel toots his tube that they woro
all "native son" decisions, but it Will
not. alter the fact that Mooro knocked
Williams off his feet with clean punuh-
Williams has been a great littlo
champion a slushing, tearing littia two
fisted demon who knew nothing when
ho got in tho ring but figiit. He never
was a grant boxer, but as a rightor no
was a pocket edition of the Terriblo
He won tho championship In a clean
Pilly What's his attitude towards
drink f
Dally He's nlwnys staggering with
fashion, knocking out Coulon in the
ninth round atter he had hiinscli almost
irom the start of the mill. It's a shame
thnt he has to go under with a cloud of
bickering and quarreling over his title.
Girl Driver Wins
Big Economy Run
To the amazement of tho veteran
road drivers who took part in the re
ceut Maxwell efficiency ' run from
Buffalo to their homes in New Eng
land and the other North Atlantic
States, the first place winner turned
out to be the only woman pilot in the
tour. : . i :
Miss Eva Cunningham, daughter, of
F. J. ('uimuighamj MnxWull dealer at ,
Haverhill, Mass., drove from Buffalo!
to Haverhill, 567 miles, on exactly 17
gallons of gasoline an average of
33.37 miles to the gallon. Her car was
a new Maxwell Roadster.
Oil Economy Too,
There is no disputing Miss Cunning-'
ham's record. Her drive was under the
eye of several witnesses and the details
are set forth in her own affidavit.
MisS'Cunninghnm's car also went the
route without the addition of a drop of.
cylinder oil. to the original supply.
This is really the fact which won her
the big slice of the Flanders prize, ns
her mileage on fuel was excelled by
two of tho other cars in the big tour
thoe driven by her father and by
tieorge D. Robinson . of Springfield,
Mass. Mr. Cunningham's new Maxwell
touring ear averaged 30.8."i miles per
(rollon, and Mr. Robinson's roadster,
34.9 miles. Each of the male pilots,
however, added a quart of oil to the
original supply.
Sccoud prize went to Vcrno II. Jack
son of I'en Argylo, I'u., and third to
Joseph De Cantillon of Meridun, Conn.,
the former covering 308 and tho latter
474 miles.
Six of the tourists, virtually nil of
whom were Maxwell dealers driving
new oars to their homes from Buffalo,
scored averages of better than 30
miles per gallon; sixteen scored be
tween 25 and 30 miles. In fact, the
average of the entire tour, including
oighty cars, was very dose to 25 miles
to the gallon a degroo of efficiency
almost incredible to those not acquaint
ed with recent enrburction develop
ments in cars of tho light, populur
priced type.
Climbs "Ladder On High.
The tourists who watched Miss Cun
ningham's driving praise her without
reservation. She piloted her car up
"Jacob's Ladder" a rolling climb of
130 miles on hih (rear, und showed
the most daxhing sort of skill on a
number of detours where rough nnd dil
ficult roads were met with.
Noll Ho wis your dollief
Hollo All well, since futher hud her
legs ostracized,
Pure blood enablos the stomach, liver
and ''other digestive organs to do their
work properly. Without it they .aro
sluggish, there is loss of appetite, ami
of the intestines, and, in generul, nil
the symptoms of dyspepsia. ,
Pure blood is required by every '
organ of the body, for the proju-r. per
formance of its functions. i'
Hood's Sarsnparilla makes pure
blood, nnd this is why it is fo success-
ful in the treatment of so many discus-"
errand ailments. It acta directly on'
the blooil, ridding it of scrofulous anil
other humors. It is a peculiar combi
nation of blood -purifying!- neirve-toniiig,
strength-giving substances. (Jet it to-'
A year ago a sonsation was caused
when a Maxwell, under observation at
Yale Jiiversity, made, a record of 33.3
miles to tho gallon. This record wa
battered by three of tho cars in tho
recent tour, including the one driven
by Miss Cunningham. Nor had . tho
l!Hii model Maxwell been given nny
preparation for tho test; nil were Hew.,
cars getting their first run after leav
ing the factory. ....
An Industry Worth While. , .
The Newcastle, Ind., Courier plueM "
the town's factory pay-roll at 'i7,000
weekly, of which the Maxwell .Motor.
Company's plant contributes $32,000.
At this plant tho Maxwell Company
maintains a great forgo shop, contain
ing more than 60 power hammers. Tim
Newcastle plant also builds all Max
well front axles and transmissions, bo
sides maintaining a largo machine ihop
which produces service parts for obso
lete models.
Hardy Motorists These.
When motorists start for aa ouliwr
in the semi-arid southwest, they fear
lessly tneklo anything in the line of a
trail. The El l'uso Horuld's staff re
cently decided to picnic at gripping
Springs and started in a fleet of auto
mobiles, but ono of which, N. f.
Veazcy's Maxwell, made the trip with
out iiii.tlmp.
Takes Truck In Tow,
Sacramento, Cnl., was recently auia
ed by the sight of a new Maxwell tour
ing car towing a fivo-tou trnck loncl
about the streets and suburban hills,
Tho truck carried ns part of its' loud
another new Maxwell, nnd a lecturer
who orated eloquently on autninobilo
1 The Resfucr How did you ecmo to
(fall inf . '
j Tim Hesouod I didn't CCmo t'u full
I to. I enmo to skate.