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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 12, 1915)
Editorial Page of "The Capital Journal"
I'M DAY KVKMXU,
November 12, 1 !!;"..
CHARLES H. FISHER,
Editor and Manager
PUBLISHED EVERY EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY, SALEM, OREGON, BY
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
h. S. BARNES,
CUAS. II. FISIIKR,
iORA C. ANDRESEN.
bee. and Treus.
Daily by carrier, per year $5.00 Per month.
Iaily by mail, per year 3.00 Per month.
FULL LEASED WIRE TELEGRAPH REPORT
New York Chicago
Ward-Lewis-Williams Special Agency Harry R. Fisher Co.
Tribune Building 30 N. Denrborn St.
The Capital Journal carrier boys are instructed to put the papers on the
porch. If the carrier does not do this, misses you, or neglects getting the
iaper to you on time, kindly phone the circulation manager, as this is the only
way we can determine whether or not tho carriers are following instructions.
Phono Main 81.
THE "AWAY FROM THE FARM" MOVEMENT
Fourteen weekly newspapers have joined hands in an
effort to boost the "back to the farm movement." They
make a strong showing as to the necessity of the move
ment, asserting that 9: counties in Illinois are losing
population, and have been doing so for fifteen years.
The Oregon Journal commenting on the effort of the
fourteen "Horatios at the bridge" says:
"Of course we shall do our full duty in sympathizing
vith this worthy effort. We hope it will accomplish
something. But we have our doubts. Young people from
the country drift townward because they can earn more
there than in their old surroundings. They not only
earn more but they have an immensely "better time"
spending what they earn. Until the country can be put
on an equality with the city in these respects we fear
the drift will continue."
There is in the Journal's comment one assertion that
accounts for the "away from the farm" movement, and
that is the towns attract the boys from the farm because
in them: "They not only earn more but they have an
immensely better time spending what they earn."
Here in a nutshell is not only the cause of the move
ment but also an admission that the farmer, as compared
to all other trades or occupations is grossly underpaid.
We all take pride in pointing to the country's vast
crops and in boasting of our ability to feed the world, but
we do not take into consideration the vast army of farm
ers who toil early and late to make this magnificent
The latest report of the Department of Agriculture
shows the principal farm crops this year are valued at
about $5,500,000,000. Including cotton and the animal
industries this amount would- reach fully $10,000,000,000.
The census of 1910 shows there was a farm population of
about 12,700,000. It is a fair estimate to say that of these
one half are adults. In other words that there are, in
cluding the women, about six million farmers.
With a ten billion dollar crop this would allow an
average income to each of $1,GG6. This sum must cover
the interest on the capital invested, taxes and all other
charges. It is safe to say that the actual pay the farmers
receive for their work is not above $75 per month and is
probably below $50.
It is this pretty well understood fact, that makes the
hovs drift to the cities, where as has been said they can
cam more and have more amusements. It is this same;
condition that cause the farmers to object to payink high
salaries to officials, no more intelligent than themselves,
and for work not nearly so strenuous.
These conditions also handicap the agricultural schools
and colleges, especially those which have courses such as
engineering and others; for the boy going to them with
the intent to study agriculture, is brought face to face
vith the proposition that agriculture is not nearly so
profitable as some other pursuits, and so he takes up these
other vocations instead. The colleges are not to blame
for it, but conditions.
GENERAL McCLELLAN AND LORD KITCHENER
British territorials to participate in Churchill's madcap
expedition to Antwerp or to be sent to join Joffre until
they had received proper schooling. . At the end of one
year so great was the dissatisfaction against McClellan
that he was superseded, while Kitchener had not been the
head of the war office twelve months before an outcry
was raised against his alleged failure and such pressure
brought to bear against him that he may yet be forced to
resign. While the characters of the men are diametrically
opposite for Kitchener would never hesitate to be the
first to cross a bridge designed by himself and McClellan
never staked his dice on such a risk as Paardeberg both
effected a military organization without which the gen
erals in the field could .have accomplished nothing. Both
were expected to be magicians, to achieve results which
nothing but long years of thorough preparation can bring
about, and both have been roundly censured for their
failure to "accomplish the impossible." That the tasks
imposed upon them by sloth of their respective nations
were too great is manifest from the fact that in 186:' the
north was compelled to resort to the draft, and that there
is every indication at present that England will have .no
alternative save to exact compulsory service frcm every
able bodied man."
The Capital Journal has a circulation many hundreds
greater than its morning contemporary. " It sticks only
to business-like methods of promoting circulation and
finds no trouble in securing and holding subscribers.
Nearly all newspapers that are worth while have dis
carded the voting contest if indeed they ever used it. They
know that the public can't be fooled always at the same
old game and besides they don't want to fool the public
if they could. The transient manager of a contest must
be paid a large commission or high salary, automobiles
and pianos cost a lot of money who pay for them? The
subscriber by being overcharged for his paper, the pub
lisher or the contestant? Figure it our for yourself, but
don't lose sight of the fact that somebody pays. Publish
ers who conduct newspapers which have real merit do not
find it necessary to resort to voting contests or any other
questionable scheme to get their papers into the homes
and keep them there. But the main question is, who pays ?
Elihu Root is certainly encountering some real ob
stacles on his way to the White House. First the people
of New York snow his pet state constitution under by
something like a million majority, and then ex-President
Taf t endorses his candidacy.
The National Federation of Labor has seated two
Japanese delegates. More evidence that the world do
Instead of going to war against each other, Uncle Sam
and the kaiser seem to be getting real chummy of late.
That old bridge must be pretty strong to bear all the
criticism which has been heaped upon it.
Oregon rain has its advantages' over the cyclones of
the middle west, anyway.
Seems pretty hard to stir up much real interest in
politics, local or general.
s. . . . t . . .J. s
And now some war experts are drawing parallels be
tween the work of General Lord Kitchener and General
McClelland of our own civil war. Here is a sample of
the logic of one wellknown military writer:
"The Union in 18G1 and England in 1914 were extra
ordinary unready. Both were immediately plunged into
dire straits one by the demoralization resulting from
the first battle of Bull Run, the other by the havoc in the
ranks of the first British expeditionary force wrought
by the German onslaught until it was checked on the
Marne. Forgetful of the causes which had produced Mc
Dowell's disaster, the north clamored for hasty action by
McClellan, but he declined to. budge until he considered
that his troops had been sufficiently trained to undertake
active operations with a fair assurance of success.
"Kitchener was equally obdurate, and subsequent
events have abundantly justified his refusal to permit
A Galley o Fun!
THE LOCOMOTIVE, THE COW AND
A Fable. "
A spotted Ilolsteln heifer once op
posed a certain railway project, and
was badly lilt in the General Smash
up. In fact,- for many weeks she could
walk only on Three Legs, and for a
whole season watt compelled to fore
go. her customary Vernal Diversion of
dancing on Tulip Patches and Onion
Thereupon the Holstein Heifer se
cured the services of an Able Attor
ney, and brought suit against the Itail
road Company for Ton Thousand Dol
lars as compensation for Injuries Suf
fered. She produced Witnesses galore,
who testilied that, the Engineer neg
lected to sound the Whistle to warn
her of the Train's Approach and Kivo
her an opportunity to save herself by
frisking along ahead of the Engine.
Tho P.ailroad Company also produced
Witnesses, as numerous as a rich
bachelor's heirs, who swore that the
Whistle sounded so loud that they
contemplated suing the Company for
Producing Deafness. v,.:. nr.v .
The case finally went, into the Jury's
hands. Said the Jurors among them-
selves: "How many Wilnesses did;
(hp Defendant produce?" "Eighty-I
six,", answered those of the Twelve!
reels who had kept a record of the.
Number. "Yes, and how many wit-J
nessos had the Plaintiff?" "Just
Eighty-seven." "Then, Gentlemen,"
said the Jurors among themselves,!
"the Case is plain as a north and
south Highway." ' V;3',V)'; . - ,
The Spotted Ilolsteln " Heifer re
ceived a verdict for Fit's Thousand
Dollars, and began trying to work up
a Milk Route in order to be able to
pay her Witnesses lor some Expert
Testimony. P ''::!?-?6'H 1
That same season the Able Attorney
purchased a Summer Celtage for Five
Thousand Dollars. V'V$-.K'.
Moral The Matter litigated Is usu
ally bad enough without mixing a
tawver up in it.
Most Eminent Medical Authorities Endorse It. .
A New Remedy for Kidney, Bladder and All Uric Acid Troubles.
Dr. Eberle and Dr. Braithwaite as
well as Dr. Simon all distinguished
Authors agree that whatever may be
the disease, the urine seldom fails in
furnishing us with a cluo to the princi
ples upon which it is to be treated,
and accurate knowledge concerning the
nature of disense can thus bo obtained.
If backuelie, scalding urine or frequent
urination bother or distress you, or if
uric acid in the blood has caused rheu
matism, gout or sciatica or you suspect
kidney or bladder trouble just write Dr.
Pierce at the fSurgicul Institute, Buf
falo, N. Y.; send a sample of urino and
describe symptoms. You will receive
free medical advice after Dr. Pierce's
chemist has examined the urine this
will be carefully done without charue.
and you will be under no obligation.
Dr. Pierce during many years of experi
mentation has discovered a now remedy
which is thirty-seven times more pow
erful than lit hia in removing uric acid
from the system. If you are suffering
from buckache or the pains of rheumat
ism, go to your best druggist and ask
for a 50 cent box of "An-uric" put up
by Doctor Pierce. Dr. Tierce 's Favorite
Prescription for wean women and Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery for
the blood have been favorably known
for the past forty years and more.
They are attuidnrd remedies today as
well as Doctor Pierce 's Pleasant Pellets
for tho liver and bowels. You can have
a sample of any bno of these remedies
in Tablet form by writing Dr. Pierce.
FLAT HEADS WEKE POPULAR
Specimen of Oldtime Physiognomic
fashion Found in Santiam River.
University of Orecon. Eucene. Ore..
Nov. 11. The skull of an adult flat
head Indian that was found on a sand
bar of the Santiam river near Lebanon,
(Ire., has been received by tho Condon
Museum of the ttfute University. The
sendor was Willurd A. Llkins, recorder
of the city of Lebanon.
This sort of skull deformation was
once commonly practiced from the
Columbia river all tho way down the
coast to Peru. Tho ancient Peruvians
practiced it, and so did the Toltccs of
the plateau of Mexico. Flatened skulls
were considered stylish in those days
and the flattening was brought about
through binding a board on tho fore
head of the child when its skull was
still in tho stage of easy yielding.
Many other primitive peoples, includ
ing some of tho early Malays, practiced
Washington, Nov. 11. Jorge Orozeo's
confession at San Antonio, implicating
former Dictator Huerta of Mexico, in
the recent alleged conspiracy to in
vade Mexico was received by the de
partment of .-justice today. Officials
are satisfied that they have a case
ogainst the one time dictator for al
leged violation of American neutrality.
ALL WILL EAT TURKEY.
Olympia, Wash., Nov. IL All of the
six thousand inmates of Washington
State institutions will cat turkey,
cranberries, celery and othor trim
mings on Thanksgiving, the board of
control announced today.
SEARCHING FOR ROBBERS.
Vancouver, Wash., Nov. 11. Search
is being innilo today for three masked '
and armed robbers who Tuesday night
held up a Rock quarry bunk house 12
miles east of hero and relieved six oc
cupants of $-100.
To Avoid Dandruff
You do not want a slow treatment
when hair is falling and the dandruff
germ is killing the hair roots. Delay,
means no hair.
Uet, at any drug store, a bottle of?
zenio for 25c or $1.00 for extra large
size. Use as directed, for it does tho
work quickly. It kills the dandruff germ,
nourishes the hair roots and immediately
stops itching scalp. It is sure and safe,
is not greasy, is easy to use and will not
stain. Soaps and shampoos are harm
ful, as they contain alkali. The best
thing to use is zemo, for it is pure and
"Sportlelgh is bound to he in style,
Isn't he?" -r;-'
"Oh, yes! He'd rather be In styb
than out of debt!"
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
Transact a General Banking; Business
Safety Deposit Boxes
Disasters never leave us, there's always something
grevious that we can worry o'er; there's something going
balky, there's always something rocky, to justify a roar.
The parlor door is squeaking, the kitchen
roof is leaking, there s trouble with the
range; the cow is somewhere straying, the
hen has ceased her laying, the dog has got
the mange. There's always something try
ing, there's cause for tears and sighing,
if you're that way inclined, if you are fond
of weeping, if you are ever keeping a sore
spot on your mind. If you are always
searching for Worry, where she's perching,
v you n nna ner, every trip; she will not try
to lose you, sne n badger and abuse youj
until you lose your grip. But if you have decided that
grief should be derided and chivied from your door, the
little daily troubles will seem as thin as bubbles too small
to make you sore. When there's an all-wool sorrow, small
comfort can we borrow from optimistic sharps, who say
that woes don't matter, and bore us with their chatter,
and twang their sunshine harps. But we can learn to
laugh at the little griefs and chaff at the trifling sores
and smarts; our faith on goodness pinning, let's face the
old world grinning, and carry cheerful hearts.
Sunday-School Teacher It is easier
for a camel to pass through the eye
of a needle than for a rich man to en
ler heaven. Do you Uuow why that
Is, Bobby T
Bobby Yes, Ma'am! I s'pose It's
'cause a rich man nlwnys has so many
women tagging after him!
Tho Captain Oh, yes, this is the
right boat! It's the most comfortable
trip a newly-married couple cauld take
except for Just one thing.
The Groom What is that? H"-
The Captain Well, of course, we
pan't get the other passengers to mind
their own business.
HERE'S NEW JELLY
Eugene, Ore., Nov. IL The latest
of the many experiments in preserving
fruit and fruit product tried at the
cannery of the Eugene Fruitgrowers'
association is that of the manufacture
of specially blended jelly from apple
cider and the juice of the loganberry.
Manager Ilolt yesterdsv made a quan
tity of the jolly, and it has an excel
lent taste. It seems to "jell" intii-i
fnctortlv. find If t KaIIavaiI tif itit
product will become at popular ai
llnmnrnna ntlniA hn,1tiAt that, havii'
originated at the Eugene cannery.
FEAR FOR MISS LEICHTER
San .Francisco. Nov. 11. -Fears were
felt here today that Miss Rhoda Letch
ter, sculptor, born here, was aboard
the torpedoed liner Aneona. It was
reported that she had Intended to tail
on the Ancona. . . . : ..
NEW IDEA NOT WELL RECEIVED.
"Jonas, they keep furs In cold Btor
ge now." '
"They do! Well I don't think we
are going to take extra ice for that lit
tle scuff ed-out rabbit-akin seal-collar
of yours; I've got all I can do tg meet
lhe regular bills!"
Mi WHY HE DID IT..
first rickpocket It you knowed he
only bad a nickel, It was hardly worth
while pinchln' it. -?$VWJr-A.
; Second rickpocket Oh! I tuk It on
r.Jtk HIS MASCOT.' '
Mr. Farmer Why ii it ft big,
strong man like you doesn't get
ork TJ ' ' CO i.SjflKtffcfc,.
. Tranjp Why, It's dls rabbit's foot,
lIuuJl, Dnt'a all wot saves nie! '
Mir' 5i tevtii .
li0. Convlct-te.oia1jbj5ct to
us uoiu' any Kina 05 wortc qai com-
Second. Convict Ajyiay be dey'd be
THIS WEEK ONLY
$ 1 .50
AND IMPORTANT SCHEDLTJE CHANGES
Oregon Electric Ry.
On and after Sunday
New Daily Local Trains
No. (15,, leave Salem 7:10 a. in., arrive Albany 8:00, Corvallis 8:24,
llarrisburg 8:53, Junction City 9:01, Eugene 8:30; and making local stops.
No. 14, leave Eugene 11:13 a. m., Junction City 11:40, llarrisburg 11:50,
Corvallis 12:12 p. m., Albany 13:50, arrive Salem 1:45; making local stops.
CHANGES IN SCHEDULE NORTHB OUND.
Portland Local No. 6, leave Salem 7:15 a. m. instead
Portland 9:10 instead of 8:30.
of 6:30, arrive
Tortland Local No. 14, leavo Salem. 1:45 p. m. Instead of 1:50, arrive
Tortland, Jefferson St., 3:45 instead of 3:50, North Bank Station 4:00
instend of 4:10.
Limited No. 10, will run as at present leaving Salem 4:00 p. m., but will
not make local stops Eugene to Salem.
Limited No. 5, will leave Salem 10:15 a. m. as at present, but will stop
only nt East Independence, Albany, Corvallis, Harrlsburg, Junction City
Corvallis Local No. 7, leave Salem 12:55 p. m. Instead "of 1:00, arrive
Albany 1:50 instead of 2:05, Corvallis 2:20 Instead of 8:32.
Local No. 9, leavo Portland, North Bank Stntion 2:05 p. m. Instead of
2:10, Jefferson Street 2:25 instead of 2:30, Pnlem 4:25 instead of 4:35,
arrive Albany 5:20 instead of 5:35, Corvallis 5:02, Eugene 6:45 instead
New Folders will bs available Saturday.
J. W. RITCHIE, Agent, Salem, Oregon