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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 1, 1915)
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SALEM, OREGON; MONDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1915
JTIVIVj.Cj IHUUO STANDS rtVB CENTS
1 SERBIAN CAPITAL
Russian Fleet Attacks Bulgarian Port Preparatory to Land
ing Troops Germans Trying to Capture Serbian Arsen
alOn Western Front Germans Capture Hill of Tahure
at Terrible Cost of Men, and Fierce Batttle Still Rages
; There Fierce Fighting Along Russian Front
All SERBIA WANTS
IS JUST FAIR PLAY
Prominent Serbian Says War
Was Started To Crush
l London, Nov. 1. Serbia's wartime
i capital, Nish, trembled today beneath
'tiie fire of Bulgarian artillery, accord-
ing to a Sofia dispatch.
i Jf this word be true, it means .that
the Bulgarians after getting their grip
im Pirot, key to Nish, made a hurried
; move againtit tho capital nearly 40
' miles distaut, or else from elsewhere in
j (he Timok valley.
The report declared that tho Bulgars
! rue was directed at the outer forts of
5 the city.
At the same time, the heralded Bus--;
.oiun troop expedition to Bulgaria to aid
"( Serbia or shut off the Teuton drive for
' Constantinople was reported to nave
X approached Varna Sunday while war
' .uips blazed tiie way with bombard
j' ment of the port.
1'aris officially reported that the
Itnlgars withdrew from the lstib ro
il" !;iou, after recomioitoring, with fight
j uit;. Cannonading in the Kobrove ro-
iou and from Kfirlok to Vesles was al
, so reported.
; Greece's position, heretofore much
in doubt, was reorted by Staff Cor-
resiiondent Shepherd as showing that
, chances for her entry into the war at
present are very remote.
On the western front tho battle
: .-i round Tahure still rages. Turkish ar
. . tillery Sunday was busy, sinking a
, Kronen submarine and hitting an allied
Fierce Artillery Battle.
In Russia there is terrific artillery
battling on the Dvmsk front,
ing position with relation to the strat
egically important C'halloraneBasan
Meantime the Teutons and Bui gars
nre squeezing Serbia in a relentless
vise. With Pirot, keystone to Nish, in
Bulgarian hands, tho situation now pre
sents two important moves. There is a
drive from the 80iitheast--toward Nish,
while the Teutons are moving on Krag
ujevatz, Serbia's arsemnl.
. French Forcing Bulgars.
Capture of tho latter would mean
shutting the Serbians off from their
nuun ninmumtio:i strpply aim would
mean the earlier shattering of thoir
Control of Nish would give addi
tional railway facilities to the central
allies for their planned move to assist
'.'the sick man of Kurope" behind the
minarets of Constantinople,
Montenegrin forces uro harrowing
the lines of the, Austrians advancing
from the west and are slowing their
Heavy battling between French and
Bulgarian forces in the Strumnitza and
Krivolak region were reported in Ath
Much of the Serbian fighting has de
generated into guerilla warfare which
annoys, but does not check the invaders.
Jicial J'etrograd statement today told
of "fiereo fighting" northwest of
Czartorysk where the Teutons were
Mopped by the artillery and rifle fire
of the Slavs. Partial repulse of the
Teuton offensive around the Strypa
Dniester junction was claimed.
Two German steamers have fallen to
the Russians in the Gulf of Bosnia. Ou
the Italian front, the offensive con
tinues unabated, but the Italians are
still hard pressed. The official Italian
statement early today told of a ruse in
the Astico valley, whereby Austrians
pretended to surrender but were met
by a "murderous fire" which ended in
In the Rienz valley, the Auntrinus
gained an advantage only to be routed
tup following day with arrival of fresh
May Cross Rumania.
Artillery still thunders along tho Is
How tho reported Russian troop ship
expedition toward Bulgaria progress is
unknown, though a naval battle be
tween Russians and Turks in the Black
That Russians will be permitted to
cross Rumania is the growing DelieJ.
The expect;! permission from Ru
mania, however, has been delayed. In
the meantime, .the allied fleets are
again bombarding the Aegean coast of
Germans Take Tahcre.
London, Nov. 1. While Teutons anil
Bulbars progressed triumphantly in
.Serbia today, developments, along the
west front commanded attention.
The hill of Tahure, in the Chamagne
is in the lum, la of the Germans, inoy
me now directing their blows at the
town of Tahure itself. While the hill
was takeu only after days of merciless
pounling, tho' French, claim that the
('ormnu losnea werejenormolu and that,
elsewhere, thov were repulsed heavily.
The capture' of the hill is important
from the fact that it has a command-
Bulgarians Gig Back.
Paris, Nov. 1. Withdrawal of Bui-
2arian troops reeonnoiteriiig in the
The of-1 southeastern part of Serbia, together
withstrong cannonading in the torri
torv occupied by the French was re
ported in today s official statement.
"in the vicintiv of lstib, said tiie
statement. "Bulgarian, reconnoitering,
withdrew without fighting. In the Ida
brove region an artillery duel and in-
fantrv skirmishes had no detinito re
sults. From Kfirolak to Veles there
was heavy cannonading."
French Submarine Sunk,
Berlin, Nov. 1 Turkish artillery fire
sank the French submarine Turquoise
otr Aqararta Sunday, according to of
ficial announcement from Const un tin
ople todny. Two officers and 24 men
were taken prisoner,
1 ho l urks also hit an allied transport
which disappeared, enveloped in smoke,
An Important Capture.
Berlin, Nov. 1. The Austro-German
armies have captured Kragujevatz, it
was officially announced today
This capture is the most important
move since the Teutons jammed their
way across tho Danube and Save riv
ers. Strongly fortified, the town oc
cupied a mountainous position, easily
capable of defense. Austrian forces on
a previous invasion, attacked it in vain
Here is located a great arsenal, the
main source of the Serbians munition
No Change on Front,
Paris, Nov. 1. " Fighting continues
in the vicinity of Tahure. There is no
change in our position."
This wns tho war office announce
ment today concerning the bitter strug
gle about the town, following in the
wuke of the German capture of the
By William PhilUp Stoma.
(United Press Staff Corres)ondent.)
(Copvriaht 1!1" bv the United Press.)
Paris, Oct. .10. "Serbia asks favors
from nobody. All she wants is fair
play. She expects the allies to do their
full diity by her. Franco has done so
already, anil doubtless Kngland intends
to do likewise, but she is too slow. Un
less she hurries, aid will come too late. "
Thus did Milenko Vestnich, former,
premier of Serbia and nt present min
ister at Paris, sum up the Balkan situ-'
ation for me today in -an interview
granted exclusively" to the United Press,
lie had just returned from Serbia and
was familiar with the latest develop
Not Calling for Help.
"I don't wish this to be interpret
ed," he continued, "as calling for help.
It isn't in the Serbian people's nature
to do this. Nor do I say this in a
spirit of criticism. I am speaking
plainlv for the good or the allies gen
'1 have often seen in Knglish news
papers tho intimation that the western
trout is tue o;uv really important part
of the wr. There never was a greater
mistake. The real kernel of the cause
of the war was and is the near eastern
question. Thus Kngland and all tho
allies are interested in w.iat is trans
in uermany s way.
" German V began to concern herself
in the Orie.it til) vears ago. Tho war is
the direct result of her determination
to crush the Balkan countries, which,
though small now, were growing strong
er and threatening to become a siunii)
ling block on the German road to tho
"England is especially interested in
his problem, so she ought to act more
quickly. 1 have no douot ot r.ngianii s
loyalty, but speedier action is ueces
sary. It -will be of no use sending
troops into the Balkans after Ger
many a aims nave neen ae.compiiiooo..
"Germany has invaded Belgium and
parts of France and Russia and ia uow
attacking in the near east. If she wins
in the hitter quarter, she will dig h fu
se If in and fortitv her lines as in itei
gmni, Franco and uussia. men ner
game will bo to sit Pack, considering
her part done.
"The allies mustn't let Germany do
this. The way to defeat her is not to
consider the western line all-important
but to fight the Germans wherever they
curry the fight."
TO RE-ARGUE LIQUOR CASE.
Discovery of Chinese On Pa
cific Liner Starts Officers
coast wise Vessels
ARE CLOSELY WATCHED
Government Makes No Secret
of It Both Unlike the
Think These Have Smuggled
, In Many From Ports On
San Francisco, Nov. 1. Delving
deeper Into what they believe ia a
gigantic conspiracy to smuggle Chinese
into this port, officiuls today began to
investigate the movements of a half
dozen coastwise steamers.
These vessels, it was thought, may
have- smuggled systematically many
Chinese from Mexican ports. Ostensi
bly, they placed between Sail Francisco,
I .os Angeles and San lhego and thence
to San Pedro. One vessel in particular
excited suspicion because of the length
of time it took to go to San Pedro.
A high official suggested that Mex
ican ports are within easy reach of
San Diego and tliat numerous Chinese
are being shipped to Mexico at present.
Putting back again to Snn Francisco
the coastwise vessels are not watched.
Hence, if they have been making a
business of smuggling Chinese, their
task has been comparatively easy.
Authorities believe smuggling activi
ties have occurred on the liners Man
churia, Korea and Liberia.
The grand jury session will consider
December 3 tho testimony of officers
and men of the Mongolia, subponeaed
following discovery of 80 Chinese on
board her when she docked here last
week. In the meantime, Commissioner
General Caminetti will be here from
E ON BORDER iff
Washington, Nov. 1. The supremo
court of tho United State today or
dered re-argument of the West Virginia
liquor cBBei, involving the constitution
ality of the Webb-Kenyon law.
BUYS FIVE STEAMERS
One Now In Seattle, to Make
Run at Once, Others
Still In Atlantic
London Admits Loss.
London, Nov. 1. While the Bulgars
pounded at the Nish forts, Kragujevatz.
site of Serbia's great arsenal, fell be
fore the Ausfro-Uermnu. onslaught. This
victory was admittedly enormous, par
ticularly in view of the fact that once
before the Austrinns hammered in vain
to crumble its resistance.
Japan Lets Up On
DATE OF MARRIAGE
SET BY PRESIDENT
Ceremony Will Take Place
Late In December and
Will Be Simple
By William Philip Slmma.
Paris, Nov. 1. Franco makes no
secret of the fnct that she has executed
two women spies. Officials, however,
refuse to lie drawn into this discussion
from, the standpoint of tho German tuc
ecution of Miss Edith Cavell, Knglish
woman. They gave mo records and the
authority to publish these.
The oases are not similar, according
to French records, to the case of Miss
Cavell wiho was only chnirged wim
helping recruits to escape from Belgium
and not with spying. On the other
hmnd the French found Otillie Voss and
Marguerite Schmidt guilty of being
Secret service indice srrested the
Voss woman at Boiirires February 87.
She went then under tho name of
Jeanne Bouvlor, but confessed her right
name was voss, that she wns born in
Uhine province, was 33 years old and
unmarried. Seven years before the war
started she lived in Agon, near Bor
deaux, and was engaged in teaching
At the outbreak of hostilities she re
turned to Germany whoro she became
a spy and was sent hack to France. She
was ordered to visit Nice, Montpelier,
Marseilles and Lyons, to note the im
lortaiiee of new troop formations, the
frequency and direction or railroad
transports, the sanitation of the army,
the number of wounded and the arrivals
of troops nt ports, espoclnlly tho num
ber of black soldiers. She was also to
report the stato of public opinion.
She received 400 francs expenses
from February 3 to II. She then trav
eled as directed and returned to Oer-
mnnv where she reiHirted and received
200 francs bonus.
Ijiter she returned to France on a
similar mission with 500 francs ex
penscs. Her arrest followed and two
lavs later, her confession.
The court martini of tho Eiirhth re
gion unanimously condemned her for
The Schmidt woman, 21 j-cars old,
wns born in Tliiaiicourt, France. She
was arrested February 17 at Nancy,
She confessed that the Germans sent
her to obtain information of British re
portod to bo In the Nancy region a.irt
also regarding troops between Bar-lo-
due nnil St. Menohoiilil.
Hho said a friend put her in touch
with tho German authorities. At rirat
she refused their money, but lator c
ceted. Tlioy gave her 10 to go to
France via Switzerland from Annoux
near Brley which tho Germans had oc
cupied. They took her by automobile
to the Swiss fiontier.
She had A book of questions which
tho German officers prepared for her to
ask the French. Hho wns contemned
March 20 for espionaglo.
Villa Battery Placed Only 200 Yards From the Boundary
Line Sends Stream of Shrapnel Shells Into City Car
ranza Forces Opened Fire First Villa's Artillery Fire
Effective and Damage to City Can Be Seen From Amer
ican SideSeveral Sheik Fell On American Side
Seattle, Wash., Nov. 1. Endeavor
ing to keep abreast of the Increasing
demnnds of the Senttle-Alnska trade,
the Alaska Steamship company and the
Pacific-Alaska Navigation company
have already purchased five new steam
ers and the former company is nego
tiating today for still another vessel.
The steamship Kansas City, which is
to be rechristeiK-d the Alaska ha ar
rived hero from Snn Francisco, where
she wns recently acquired by the Alas
ka Steamship company and is ready to
make a voyage to Knick without the
proposed alterations this full,
President II. V. Alexander of the
Pacific-Alaska Navigation company,
wired from New York today that lie
had iust tlosed a deal for the purchase
. of the steam freighters, Hutlund and
ToMo, Nov. 1. Owing to the pres- (Kleiiriiir(r, sister ships of Xm tons,1
sure of financial conditions, Japan 'of tue Rutland Transit company. TUy
navy department has decided to rlwj rhrlstencd the Admiral Clark
trench in her aaval building program. Al,jra Sebree, respectively.
Last year the national defense council i T((1 AjnHkn uteumship company, has
endorsed the program fixed upon afterj Iiur,,llllw,j fnln the Kutland Transit
the Russo-Japanese war, whereby tnc; ,,omia(lV, the steamers Benningtoinand
Japanese navy would be built up nurjgton. Thev will be rechristcned
eight superdreadnaughts, eight battle h(j JuIlMMl , ,he Waldex.
cruisers, with light cruisers, destroyers ,
and submarines in proportion. The BAN FBANCISCO DAT.
new program calls for eight superdread- ;
naughts and onlv four battle cruisers.! San Francisco, Nov.-1. The rrown
Inssmurh as four dreadnaughta and ing day of the Panama Pacific exposl
four battle cruisers are already afloat, tion fast drawing to a close, will come
so there remain only four dreadnaughtsl tomorrow w n Snn Frsnrisco cebv
to be constructed. The whole fleet, it urate, its own dny. If the hope, of
,.... .a -in ,.i.u,i,t hv'the eiiM.ution officials are fulfilled,
- -i '
Washington, Nov. 1. President Wil
son will b married "near the close of
December," it wus officially announced
at the White House today.
The following statement was Issued:
"In order to quiet speculation, Presi
dent Wilson and Mrs. Gait authorized
the announcement that their marriage
will occur near the close of December.
Their plans are for a very simple cero
uiony. It will be quietly performed at
Mrs. Gait's resilience. No invitations
will be issued and it Is expected the
only guests will be members of the
Limitation of the number of guests
disappointed but did not surprise
Washington society, inasmuch as the
(hilt home would scarcely accommodate
more than "d persons, It is likely, how
ever, that an elaborate reception at the
White House will follow.
The presidential honeymoon may be
spent at Pa Christian, Miss., where
Wilson passed a vacation during the
holiday season of IKK), and where he
met John l.ind at a time when the
Mexican crisis wus serious. The presl-f
dent's intimate friends are strongly i
urging hnn to choose this sHit again.!
Colonel House and his wife and Dr.
Cary Grayson the president's physician;
lie Of the Iimks in tue chain wliereiiy;
TO LITTLE VICTIMS
Seventeen Little White Coffins
and Yet "Nobody Is To
A HALLOWE'EN JOKE.
' i 300,000 person will attend.
Governor Jolmon lias paved toe way
for Californiatis to help celebrate by
proclaiming the dav a legal holiday
Puvallnp Wssh- Nov. I. Believed ! throughout the state. Every train ia-
....... . ,.t i.-.- i.-.- MrtMtratoa br Hallo- to Km franeiwo today was rrowdi
r", l,k.V"T,?"w:::v.i..v.;: ,h; theft of lwteiUil. vWtf The i arranged
Ple.-nV.T- eaa " YfVr from " Mpr " ,0mr'0W ,rluJ? mr" '"VT!"
lweT asssmen? Vi Yu. , o f ftiin the Norther. Pacific statioa here feature, tna. hav bni crowded into
ZZtohn'mit.t4y U tfiU worrytn, off.- ..y other tw, celebration, at U. po
Penbody, Muss., Nov. 1 All Peabody
paid mournful tribute Saturday to its
dead the children burned or crushed to
death in the fire and panic of Thursruy
at St. Johns parochial school.
For 17 of the children there were
joint funeral services in Ht. John's
church, in charge of Cardinal O 'Council
of Boston. Seventeen white coffins
stood end to end before the chancel rail.
Hundreds jammed the church, while oth
ers stood with uncovered heads in tlie
yard outhide, while the sobbing of he
rer id mothers sounded above the in
tenations of the somber priests.
herviris lasted an hour n nil then the
tJ!llic procession of white coffins to
the wniting row of hearses lit the curb
outsidi num. Past tiie ruins of the
parochial si liool, past crepe draped
houses. nd closed stores, they took
their wny to the'remetcry at the edge
of the nt v.
Other vir tints will have private serv-
Douglas, Aria., Nov. 1. With the op
ening of the battle between Carrnnr.is
tas and Villistas for possession of
Agun Pricta at 1:.H) this afternoon a
shell exploded in front of the home of
Mrs. Alice O'Loughlin, nn American,
100 yards from the trenches. Nobody
Tho battle wns started when the Car
rnnzistus opened fire on the Villa ad
vance guard. A Villa battery of four
inch guns was dragged to an advautng
eous position 200 yards south of the
internutiounl boundary and returned
the fire, sending a stream of shrapnel
shells Into Agun Pricta,
Villa's artillery fire was most effec
tive. Destruction in the city of A guns
Pricta was visible front tho American
side. At the siune time the Carraiixa
fire wns apparently hiuh and Villa casu
Under cover of tho artillery fire, a
company of Villistns advanced to with
in a few yards ot the unrranza
Americana Watch Battle.
'We'll be in the city in two hours,"
their louder yelled to tho American sol
diers on the border within a stone's
throw. His men luy flat on tho ground,
waiting for an opportune moment, while
the Curranzishis potted away at them
briskly from the shelters.
Before the fight had been In progress
five minutes hulf n dor.on shells burst
within 50 yards of the United States
customs house, rattling the windows and
sending a knot of spectators guthorcd
there running helter skelter for cover.
Following closely behind the infantry
advance guard sevoral squadrons of
cavalry, led by General Francisco Villa
himself. Other dense musses of infantry
were seen behind the cnvnlry.
The excitement in Doiiglus wns in
tense, (lunernl )nls has ordered peo
ple to keep off the streets anil remain
indoors during the battle. Despito this
Americnns crowded roofs and vantage
Villa pressed tho attack from the
east. After his luTuntry had advanced
to within a very short distunce of the
city II was hnlted by encountering
dense bnrb wire entanglements on the
southern anil eastern sides of 1ho town.
Bugles sounded orders for tho Villistas
to withdraw, which they did In good
order, whereupon a general artillery
duel developed. The uproar was ter
rific. Shells exploded constantly al
most on American soil, while showers of
bullets from machine guns on both sides
kicked up clouds of dust between the
Two and a half miles east of Agua
Prleta Villa concentrated several bat
teries of artillery and directed a heavy
fire on tho barbed wire entanglements.
Meanwhile the csvnlry maneuvered
rapidly and constantly before the city,
evidently waiting for tho entangle
ments to be demolished beforo attempt
inn a charire. That the firn of Car-
ranwi's riflemen was poor was very evi
dent, as the cavalry made excellent
marks, but appeared to suffer no heavy
Threo Villa batteries, which had
been unshed up so close to the Car
ranra trenches that they were within
easy rifle shot, were knocked out of
commission by General Culb-s' four
guns, which placed several shells uc
ctmitoly among the rebel cannon.
After joining in the din for Ifl min
utes, Villa's muln machlno gun bat
teries were dragged to a point one and
one-half miles east of Agua Prietn,
where the gunners squatted around
them smoking cirageltes culmly.
George 0. Oarothers, representing the
American state department, witnessed
the fight from the international bound
ary. An hour after the first shot General
Guiles reported a Mexican woman, non
combatant, and six soldiers wounded.
Ho claimed these were all his casual
ties. A shrapne shell bursting In the midst
of a knot of Carranxista officers j"
Agua Pricta tore one man to pieces and
Injured others. Colonel Joffre, of Gen
eral Cnlles' staff, had a narrow escape.
Water pipes were snapped by the re
lieatod explosions, and geysers sprayed
the city. The Copper Queen smelter
closed up, on account of the battle, as
tlOO employes failed to report for the
Douglas, Arix., Nov. 1. General
Francisco Villa's army today trained
upon tho towu of Agua Priota 4,1 field
guns and about (10 machine guns ready
at a moment's notice to open the im
pending battle with the forces of Gen
eral Venustiano Cnrrnnza.
The sudden unmasking of Villa's ar
tillery wns done with considerable the
atrical effect Clouds of horsemen
scouting close to the Carran.ista
trvnchoH around Agua Priota suddenly
retreated, opening their ranks as they
did so to reveal tho guns being drag-
f:xl forwrad, so mo by columns of men
altering at long ropes, aomo by team,
of six horses.
When the dust cleared the artillery
wns In position, remarkably close to the
town. Villa's Infantry scouts advanced
at the nnut time and deployed just in
front, of tho guns.
The iitfiin Villa army la still encamp
ed six miles east of Agua Priota. Threo
thousand American soldiers occupy
trenches dug along the Arixona si do
of tho boundary in plain view of tuo
More reinforcements are expected by
Villa this afternoon, when 3,000 Vil
listns from Naco. comprising the com
bined commands of Gnneralu Urballe.jo)
mid Monde, arrive. They started thoir
15 mile march to Agua J'rloU early to
fciy. General Villa, who Is personally in
command says he now has 13,000 men.
American arrivals tioia his camp do
lieve he has 15,000 and that the ar
rival from Naco must attack without
delay, if his army is to he held to
gether, wns the opinion freely expressed
today. Preliminary skirmishing early
toifciy, indicated that the battle was
about to commence, hut is ceased with
out results. The Villistas have no
food or water. The United States mil
itary authorities have placed an em
bargo on rations to the Villa army and
its situation Is dcprat.
General Frederick Funston wired
from San Antonia today that he would
reach Douglas Tuesday. Six thousand
Americans ere now under arms and all
officers furloughs nave been cancelled.
U. 8. Troops Are Beady
Douglas, Arts., Nov. 1. Preliminary
skirmishing for the battle between Vil
listas li ml CuminJuts for possession
of Augua, Prieta commenced shortly af
ter dawn todny.
United Stntcs troops along the border
uiillmbereil threo hntt erica of machine
gnus and went Into their entrenchments
closii to the international hounitury.
General Villa's threat that ne would
fight the entire United States army if
necessary to obtain o!union of Agua
Pricta caused the gravest anxiety here.
(Continued oa oage Xw)
CIRCULATION FIGURES THAT ARE EXACT.
the president became acquainted Hh , res tomorrow ai.d Monday.
Mrs. Gait will probably be exceptions .
to the leetsiuB io nave in. wc.i.ng .., , .. ,, hl, pwk fn
The president and bis financre took
s long walk this morning ami the
of crumbs to feed the birds. I he
decision to Issue the stutcment was
reached during this meeting. Saturday,
some newspsisirs gave November 13 as
the date of the we. Wing.
Mrs. Gait ami Miss Helen Hones, the
I president ' cousin, left for New York
! diirinir the dav. They will be In the
i .ileirolMMIS Wllin l" remurni, mn
i.. i. mi i.... ....i :t l- l..liA.,l
IO spcHK j Humility uno, iv i
that they will take a yachting trip
The president goes to Princeton to
morrow to vote.
; THE WEATHER I
T Trig Pouy)
night fair, ex
cept rain south
east, rain west
KINO OEOROE IMPROVES
London. Nov. L - King George, In
jured last week in a fall from a horse
while reviewing troops In France, con
tinues to improve. A bulletin Issued yes
terday said ke was still "weak"
though Improving, and that now his
temperature and pulse are normal.
Following is the correct statement of the actual
circulation of the Daily, Capital, Journal of Salem,
Tetal average daily circulation for the 26 days of
publication during the month ef inCO
October, 1915 -kjKj
CIIAS. II. FISHER,
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 1st day
of November, 1915.
DORA C. ANDRESEN,
(Seal) Notary Public for Oregon.
The Capital Journal's circulation is far in excess
of that of any other daily newspaper circulating m
Marion and Polk counties, and, more than this, 97
per cent of its circulation is in this immediate ter-
- -- -- -- - -
won. ei t7-