. FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES . CIRCULATION IS OVER 3900 DAILY ! .,...; THIRTY-EIGHTH YEAR SALEM, OREGON; THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1915 PRICE TWO CENTS ffj&'aSS VXJr II 116 L I II Bl II H 11 II II U7 T.t'' ii l- r s I II 11 I I I i tl II II il II II M II II II WMIULDlill FRYE CASE TO THE HAGUE Sinking of American Vessel William P. Frye Is Discussed Freely In Official Note From Berlin-American Inter pretation of Rules of Warfare Would Materially Cripple Germany, It Is Contended, and No Change of Policy Is Promised Pending Decision of Arbitration of Frye Case By Duly Appointed Tribunal Washington, Sept. 23. Germany hast mstde concessions concerning attacks upon American ships carrying condi tional contraband. This developed to day when the state department made public the Berlin note on the sinking ui the American vessel William P. Frye, which, she had contended was subject to ;iltRek as carrying such goods. Germany consents to nrbitrate the Frye case, aud names experts to deter mine the pecuniary loss, but does not ru-knowledge that the sinking violated any treaty. She suggests settlement 01 the latter dispute by arbitration ut The Hague. , Germany's concessions were orders to Jier commanders to allow ships thus la den to proceed unmolested provided 'it w.'ig impossible to tako them into port, . America claimed should be done un der an old Prussian-American treaty. This was granted, (iermany said, as mi evidence of her intention fo be con ciliatory toward America. Full Text of Note. Ambassador Gerard reported to Sec retary Lansing that ho had the follow ing message from the foreign office: "The undersigned has the honor to lake the following reply to the note of His Excellency, the American ambassa dor dated the 13th ultimo, on the sub- ject of claims for reparation for the hi nking of the merchantman William 1. Frye. ' " "With regard first to the assertain jnent of damage by experts, the imper ial German government believes it uliould dispense with the nomination of an umpire. In cases of ascertainment of damages hitherto arranged between Germany and a neutral from similar causes, the experts named have always reached an agreement on the amount of damage without difficulty; should it be impossible, however, to reach au agree ment on some point, this could probably be settled by diplomatic negotiations. "Assuming the American government agrees to this, Germany names as its ex pert Dr. Kepny, of iircmen, director of the North German. -Lloyd; and begs to uwait the designation of the American iixport. "Germany declares it agrees to Amer ica's proposal to separate the question of indemnity from the question of inter pretation of the I'russinn-Aniericnn treaties of 1785, 1799 and 1828. There fore it again expressly states that, in making payment, it does not acknowl edge violation of a treaty as the I'nited i-itntfg contended, but it will admit that settlement of the question of in demnity does not prejudice arrangement of differences of opinion concerning interpretation of treaty rights and that this dispute is left to be decided by The Hague tribunal arbitration. "Negotiations relating to signing of Hie compromise provided by article 52 of The Hague arbitration convention would best be conducted between the foreign office and the American embiis ey in view of difficulties in the way of instructing the imperial German ambas sador at Washington. In cane the Unit ed States agrees, the foreign office is prepared to submit to the embassy a draft of such a compromise. "America '8 inquiry s to whether Germany will govern its naval opera tions in accordance with the German or American Interpretation of the treaties, pending arbitral proceedings, has been "urefully considered. From the Btaud- Another Rood ttln about th' film May is that th' celebrity toady can't "ntertaio th' ttnr. When 'II somebud dy produce a cantaloupe you don't have pic out I point of law and equity, it is not pre vented, in its opinion, from proceeding against American ships carrying contra band until the question is settled by arbitration. For Germany does not need to depart from application of the gen erally recognized rules of law govern; I ing maritime war, such ns the declara tion of London, unless, and insofar as, an exception bnsed on a treaty, is estab lished beyond doubt, in the case of the present differences of opinion, such an exception could not be taken to b established except on the ground of an arbitral award. , "Moreover, the disadvantages to Ger many which would ensue from the Am erican interpretation would be so much greater as to bo out of proportion to those which the German interpretation would entail for America. For where as the American interpretation would materially impede Germany in conduct ing her warfare, liardly any particular disadvantages to American citizens would result from the German interpre tation, sineo they would receive full reparation for any property damage sus tained. "Nevertheless Germany, in order to furnish America with evidence of its conciliatory attitude, lias ordered her naval forces not to destroy American merchantment carrying conditional con traband even when tlio conditions of in ternational law aTO present, but to per mit them to continue' their voyage un hindered if it is impossible to take them to port. On the other hand, it must reserve to itself the right to destroy vessels carrying absolute contraband whenever such destruction is permissi ble, according to the provision of the declaration of London. (Signed "VON JAGOW." Resolutions of Power Confer ence Adopted Today Will Reek With It Portland, Or., Sept. 23. In the final day's session of the water power con ference of the Western States meeting here the delegates nre working stoadily toward the climax, which will come this afternoon in the adoption of resolution reeking with the doctrine of state don trol and declaring for making the na tional public, domain subject to emin ent domain right by the states. The resolutions of the majority, as presented this morning by United States Senator Keed Sinoot, of Utah, chairman of the resolutions committee, favor nothing but a declaratory act by congress, which is in line with the de sire of the water power interests for no legislation and the granting of water power rights in perpetuity to pri vate interests. Heading of formal papers was con cluded this morning with those or I'nited States Senator i lark or Wyom ing and Frnnk 11. Short of California, after which the resolutions werr brought on the floor and general ueuaie begun. Senator T. J. Walsh of Montana presented (I minority report favoring the federal control under the leasing svstem, The minority report wis fav- SESSION OF SET FOR FOR SPECIAL WORK Washington, Sept. 23. President Wil- son liss pructically Uecuieci io can no extra session of the senate ou October 18, It was authoritatively learned today. ited however, to proposals for amend-1 marine controversy is satisfactorily set men t of the cloture rules and discussion tied and no new crisis looms the admin- .,. ie hearlna on Central and ! istrntion believes the extra session la , h ArnericaS wUllnni I ' sired by the senate. There will BThe p-dent is now onvinced that' be no session of the house, however, hJ,. l.Po danier that America will b. until It meets regularly in December, dnwn Into He world war. He be- Senator Kern, majority leader of the fleve. the f.ct that jingo speeches and! upper house, favor, an extra session ua- inflammatory resolutions in the upper, BULGARIA AND E Rumania's Position Still Mat ter of Uncertainty Serbia Guards Frontier BULGARIA NEUTRAL Berlin, by wireless to Tucker ton, N. J., Sept. 23. Premier Rudoslavoff, of Bulgaria, in formed members of the Liberal party thnt Kumnnia had prom ised Austria and Germany that she would remain neutral, no matter what happens iu the Balkans, according to th Sofia correspondent of the Tageblntt today. Loudon, Sept. 23. Bulgaria and Greece were brought nearer to war by developments todnv, while Humuuia's attitude wus seemingly in doubt. Serbia replied to the Bulgarian mobil ization maneuvers by moving two divis ions within striking distance of the frontier, ready for action on a mom eut 's notice. Thou the commander of the Serbian patrols warned the Bulgarians thut uny trespass on Serbiun soil would result seriously Jor the invaders, view of the already strained relations between the two countries. Crown Prince Alexander plans to load the Serbians if war results from the seething Balkan situation. He has gone to the Krnguyevutz headquarters for a conference with army chiefs as to Ser bia 8 military plans. The Greek cubinot session continued until after midnight. No reports of its action had reached here eurly to day to show what course had been tak en toward the threatened war break. At many places, it was reported that Greek officers on leave had been ordered to be ready to go to Athens immediately. The Duke of Jlocnteuburg wus re ported to bo en route to Bucharest with Gerraun authorization to promise important concessions to liumauia II she would remuin neutral. Despite the Bulgarian statement that mobilization was meant merely as arm ed neutrality, London wns extremely pessimistic on this point, and believed that, in fact, it was intended as pre liminary to a far more serious move. Bulgarians Are Called. Berlin, via wireless to Tuckerton, N. J., Sept. Si. Numerous mcn; subject to military service, have left Germany in response to Bulgaria's summons to the colors. Vienna also reported that thousands of Bulgarians are turning homeward. Move Mobilization. Athens, Wept. 23. A new mobiliza tion decree promulgated by Czar Ferd inand of Bulgaria, at midnight last night called to the colors twenty-seven classes of reserves. Troops for Dardanelles. Athens,-via Berlin, Sept.-23. One hundred and ten thousand reinforce ments arrived at the Dardanelles early this week, it was learned here today. This move may be the beginning of a stronger campaign In too Dardanelles region, in fact, mny mean that the allies anticipate the center of hostilities Is to be trnnferred to the Dnrdnnelles soon. ored by four out of 12 members of the .resolutions committee. State Control Wins. Portland, Ore., Sept. 2.1. The West ern States Water Power conference thiH afternoon by the vote of 20 to 7 passed the resolutions recommended by the ma jority of tho resolutions committee de claring for stnto control of water power resources and development. The resolu tion expressed oppositioo to any policy looking toward governmental owner ship. The passage of the resolution was a victory for those opposed to the Ferris bill. SENATE OCTOBER house will not endanger neutrality has been firmly established. An extra session however, depends uppn international developments in the next fortnight. 11 me iiermsu sun less war ueve.op-.vu.. GREEG mm ADVICES INDICATE fl AT 67 GENTS A YARD Can Lay Nine Foot Hard Sur face On Roads As Cheaply - As Macadam COST NEXT YEAR WILL BE LESS THAN THIS Road , Districts Vote Special Taxes To Try Hard Sur facing In 1916 A total of 23,930 yards of paving put down at a total cost of $15,933.(iS, or approximately 07 cents per square yard or $5,000 per mile for a 12 font road bed, which price includes a royalty on the plant of 15 cents per square yard. If the 15 cent royally were deducted and thcTe were added n cunt of four cents per square yard to pay for over head expenses and depreciation on the plant the cost of paving would be brought down to about $1,000 per mile. Taking v the difference between the 9-foot road bed usually Inid for macad am roads and the 14-l'out road bed Jaid for paving the cost would be further re duced to approximately the same ns for macadamized road. The above fiiruret. show that the Million county court has been able to lay paved roads at the same price ns for maeudnniized roads. This is the record of the iMnrion county court In the paving business. This year has seen the first venture of tho county court of this county in the road paving Uniiif8s and other county courts of tho state have been watching the procedure with consider able interest, -llicir interest is eusilv explained when it is shown that the 2.2 miles of puveiuent put down this ycur cost less than 07 cents per square yard tor a pavement 2 12 inches thick, while the Vknrrcu Construction company is to day laying pavement two inches thick for Multnomah eouMy at a contract' price of $1.17 per squure yard, 5(1 cents a yard more fur one iialf inch less of pavement, nnd tins is the lowest con tract price yet reported for the War renite paving which is most like this pavement laid by tho comity court on the roads of this county this year. ino warren lonstrnctlon company has a patent on their pnvemeut and this patent precludes all other compan ies or concerns using rocks larger than oue-hulf inch in diameter in the paving mixture. The Marion county pavers had no desire to infringe on the patent rights of Worreuite so they used rock smaller than one-half inch in diameter aud from this size ou down to fine sand All road men agree fiat the wearing qualities of both pavements are the same approximately though the cost of laying the finer mixture is slightly greater, about two cents per square yard under most circumstnees, While the Marion county court is pleased with the showing made this year they are satisfied that it can be bettered in future years because they huve a lot of materials on hand now that need not be replaced, and the cost of all of these materials and paving ma chinery is included in the cost of the paving this ycur. Again the hauls have been greater this year because the coun ty court desired to try the puving on different kinds of roads. The bookkeeping of the paving busi ness of tho county this year, follows: fl Total expenditure for paving including all materiuls, lulior, royalty on plant, and all other items, $10,177.70. Out of this the county is credited with 0,000 gallons of oil nncd on tho roads not for paving or 147.0rt worth, 30 barrels of asphalt on hand. -W7; credits for small jobs laid off roads, 224.0H, leaving a total cost of ii H psrviug of 415,933.0)4. From the state fair board was received 2,4S5.81, from the city of Salem H2.0H, miscellaneous 10.53; court house drives $1,604.0(1, making the total deductions $3,013.40 and leaving $12,320.28 ns the net cost of the paving ou the county roads which whs 11,000 lineal feet or 2.2 miles of 14 foot paving am at a cost of about $5,000 per mile. The extra expenses of starting, such (Continued on Pairs Bix.t THE WEATHER Oregon I Tonight and 1 rldiiy un settled, probubly showers; souther ly winds. CQUHTYPUTS DOWN ROAD PAVING AM 4 THREATEN GOVERNOR TO SA VE THE LIFE OF AN I. W. W. MURDERER Suit Lake City, Utah, Sept. 23. In a lust desperate effort to save Joseph Itillstrom, "sweet singer" of the L W. W. cause, from facing the States fir ing squad October 1, Emma Goldman noted New York "red" is reported to day to be coming here for au appeal direct to Governor Spry. As the case now srnnds, however, Hillstrom has but one chance to escape paying the death penalty for the double murder of J. G. Morrison, a grocer, and his son, Arling, on the night of .Tanunry 10. 1914. The police maintain he killed them when they attempted to frustrate a robbery by him His one chnnce rests with a married woman whom Hillstrom has persistently shielded. He has claimed thnt the wound ho carried which caused his conviction was not the result of a duel with his two alleged victims but that it wus in- tlicted in the home of this mnrried wo man. The pardon bonrd has suggested that he give the woman's name solely to BASEBALL TODAY American League. H. 11. K. Chicago 2 2 Washington I 4 1 Scott and Schnlk; Harper, Itoehliug nnd Williums. R. H. K. (I S 1 5 7 2 and Stnnage; Sheehan Detroit 1'hiludolphiH Loudorniilk ii ml McAvov, Lapp. Oldhnm replaced Lou.lermilk. First mime. R. II. K. 4 8 2 5 1 Kgan; Wood, Cleveland Huston Klupfer. Coiimbe and Mays and Cady. Second game. It. 11, l'j R. Cleveland 2 5 2 ioton 0 7 1 Lieiiton, (,'olluiuoie and Kguu; Shore tiinl Cudy. r irst gume. K. U. L. St. Louis 0 5 3 No v Vork .....I 10 0 Phillips, Hiynilton, Sot hern, Sisler aud Knot, Scveroid; Mogridge nnd Al exander. Second game 11. IL K St. Louis 1 7 0 New York 5 0 1 lloff and Agnew; Markley and Sell werdt. Weilman replaced lloff. National League. R. H. K. Boston 4 5 0 Pittsburg H 12 1 Rudolph and Whaling; Mainiiiaux and Gibson. Cooper replaced Mnni ininiK. R. If. K. Hroklyn 3 1 Cincinnati 2 5 1 Pfeffer and MeCarty; Toney and Wingo. Leur replaced Toney. First game R. II. R. Philadelphia 5 H Chicago 1 B 4 Alexander mid Burns; Adams, Schorr and Archer. Second game R. H. L. Philadelphia - 0 0 Chicago 2 0 4 Kixcy and Burns; JJouglus ana ureg- nulian. K. II. K. New York 7 13 0 St. Louis 3 N 2 Tesreau and Meyers; Snllee, Meadows and Snyder. (Continued on Vtjti Five.) Czar Ferdinand In Center of European Affairs Now jS'oie In view of tho momentous sit uation in the llallians, Henry wood, United Press stuff correspondent, who has just reached Ijondon after spending several months in the llalkaas, today cabled tho following character picture of Czar Ferdinand, who holds tho key to tho Halknii crisis. Wood ont sev eral weeks at Sofia, where he inter viewed the Premier, and learned the most intimate detail concerning Ferdin and, By Henry Wood. (I'nited Piess Staff Correspondent.) tendon. Sent. 23. The eyes of Kuropo are turned upon Czar Fin-din- and the man of mystery, human eing-jhe would ride at the Head or ins armies ... '.... i ...i - i,.. rlv ii v..nr he, to Constantinople. Hut the second Hal- ni amu .' . v ji V. has lived in seclusion ut his castle at Vrania, pondering over Ilulgaria's fu- Will, di-n'mntlc swiftness, he 1ms now emerged to mobilize his forces. i tunes hy bartering tirst wi n tne Kaiser His next command may affect thelond then with the allies. Hut he reahz future destinies of Kurope. H that he must mako no mistake, and Reports from Kuropeau capitals have : therefore, it was as told, ho retired to contained vague gi of what ha ponder the problem by himse f. has locked in his breast. Army eom-j The czar hns German and trench wanders hurrying to Sofia arid railways blood in bis voins. carrying troops are indications which II. comos of the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha apparently point to war. ' line; is an Austrian nobleman with vast lint those familiar with tho condition : Hungarian estates. His queen is a of affairs believe Czar Ferdinand alone German Princess. On the other hand knows what Ilulgaria's next move will i his grandfather was Louis Philippe of i " France. Tho cznr s first wifo was a "O. . . ... .. ... ...I VmuI - b . all Until a year ago he was a 1ovini,i nouroon am. uiu nwn .i , hail-fellow-well-met with friends i.y the his children were born of the first mar li llion. lit received everyone, especial-' nage. ly newspapermen. Hut there came a This family puzzle only Increase, the sudden change. From the soul of open difficulty of guessing what is m the eartedness, the czar became ft riddlejuiind ot the bulgariua spbiuz. the prison warden, who would investi gate, and has promised if his story should be substantiated, to grant a full and unconditional' pardon. Regardless of his attorney's urging, Hillstrom has refused to divulgo the wo man 's identity and -will not consider anything but a re-trial. The prisoner is one of the most widely known mem bers of the I. W. W. because of songs he has written for the cause, many of which are signed "Cf. Hill." These attack employers, tho army and tho navy. One of the best known is "The White Slave," written to the tune of "Meet Mo Tonight in Dreamland." sMembcrs of his organization nre sus pected of having threatened Governor Spry with death if he did not save Hillstrom from death. The executive's mail has been flooded with threats and appeals, but ho has persistently refused to intervene, and Sns declared that nothing will snvo the prisoner excep tho woman's voluntary appearance to substantiate Hillstrom 's claims. 8 BY A 111, HOI German Admiralty Makes Re port After Full Time of Investigation By Carl W. Ackerman, (United Press staff correspondent.) Bcrliu, via The Hague, Sept. 23. Tho admiralty today submitted to the foreign office a memorandum, declaring positively that no submarine sank the liner Hesperian, Tho statement, how ever, suggested tho possibility thut the vessel struck a mino wliieli was iiitcnu ed to destroy a submarine. The adniir ultv stated that the last submarine which was operating in the wur znno on the day of tho Hespuiiuii explosion had returned and reported. Commanders of tho V boats reported that there were many mines flonting in tho Irish sen, tending to strengthen the theory that the Hesporinu muy havo foulod one of them. The memorandum will probably be embodied in a note to tho United States. In somo quarters it was reported the note had already been delivered to Am bassador Gerard, but this could not be confirmed. "In these days of secret diplomacy," said Gerard, "If it had boon received I would be unnblo to acknowledge it The kuiser's intention to receive Ger ard soon nftor returning from the east ern front, is regarded as evidence of his desire to arrange a speedy and complete adjustment of Gorman-Amer-icaii relations. Philadelphia Ledger! On the day the czar took control me Hussion press bureau announced a groat victory. Which suggests that tho czar took con- ! trol of the press bureau. moro jiu..ling than and as silent us the spliynx. He retired to his summer castle at Vrania. There ho would see none except the premier. Occasionally he sent Crown Prince Iloris to Sofia with messages. He recently made an exception to his seclusion when he re ceived the new German ambassador to Constantinople, who brought an auto graph letter from the kniscr. (V.ur Ferdinand has nevet made a sei iet. ot his ambition to bo the die tutor of the ilnlkans. During the first Itiilkan war he buw his star all but reai'h its zenith. Unitarians paper nvon described the wonderful white horse with a priceless saddle, on which ,i i $ i.:. ..!. .,,! nnu wr "i ' 1 1 1' - 1 'Jt ' he returned a disappointed ruler. In the present war, Ferdinand saw , a chance to retrieve his nation s for- IN BY SUBMARINE BLOODY FIGHTING FOR CONTROL OF RUSSIAN FORT Dvinsk Is Now Storm Center Campaign On East Front GERMANS LACKING SHELLS FIGHT WITH THE BAYONET French Airmen Active la Raids On German Munition Depots London, Sept. 23. Teuton and Slav nro fighting a bloody duel for posses sion of Pvinak, strategic railway cen ter on the path to Riga and Petrograd. The battle is now at close ranue. At many points tho two armies are fight ing it out witn tno nayonei, accomm to tho official statement from t'.ie Pet- roui-ad war office early today. This announcement was interpreted here as further proof that the Herman supply of shells is decreasing, and that men instead of ammunition must now ho sacrificed in tho hope ut gaining a victory over tho Russian hordo. Many prisoners and a larae quantity of arms, it was stilted, fell into the Sluvs' hand during bitter battling for possession of llirshalon, nortnwest ot Friedrichstadt. The kaiser's forces have met remark ably strong resistance at ninny points. WoBt of Motoclechuo, It was declared,' tho two armies citnio to grips, and tho Hussions occupied the village of Le bedevo, capturing men and guns. Still another village, Smorgna fell to tha Slavs after a sharp bayonet battle. Successes east of Llda, and east ot the Oginski canal were also cluimed. Close In On Dvlnsk. llerlin, via London, Sept. 23. Ger mans, closing in on Dvlnsk from tha west, havo penetrated the Russian ad vanco positions, taking 2122 prisoners, the official stutoment said today. Tha Slavs are now retiring upon the outer defenses which the Germans have bom barded since Sunday. Princo Leopold's Ilavarinn forces have captured several positions west of Vulovku. This announcement was interpreted as presaging the early capture of Dvlnsk, an important point in con nection with the supposed Teutonic am bition to take Riga und perhaps drive against Petrograd. ' Aviators Brought Down. lierlin, via Loudon, Sept. 23. Four French aviators wore brought down! yesterday during the "greatest air craft and artillery action along t.fe entire front," according to officiul an nouncement today. Mine SliiVa Vessel. London, Sept. 23. One member oT tho crew of the British steamer (Iron in'gen was killed when that vessel was destroyed by a mino. Allies Use False Markings, llerlin, Sept. 23. Thut the allies are using la I so markings on their aero planes, as, it is cluiniod. they have done with their ships, was charged in an of ficial statement reporting an air at tack on Ztuutgart. Four persons were killed and a number of civilians and soldiers wero wounded when enemy avi ators, bearing German murks on their machines, dropped bombs on tho city, said the statement. Hammering at Borbia. Nish, Serbia, Sept. 23. Though the Aiistro-Gerinaiis hammered at' Serbia from tho principal points of tho Da nube from Sunday, thoir fire was with out military result, according to an of ficial statement issued here at mid night. This announced thnt the Teutons kept up a steady artillery fire for four Hours ami accoinpuiiicu n y viumu in fantry and muchino gnu fire. Blow Up Munition Depots. Paris, Sept. 23. French batteries blew up several German munition de pots in the Champagne district lust night the officiul communique reported toduy. German artillery buttering ut the French forces was silenced. Germans were reported to have shell ed the Rolinconrt sector. North and south of Avre, the French fire was ex tremely inteuse and effective. Heavy urtiliery buttling is , proceeding at Keauvruigiiex. Consulate Struck. Washington, Sept. 23. The Ameri can constitute at Stuttgart wus struck by a fragment of a bomb in tho French air raid over that city, but none of thoso inside wero injured, according to u report this afternoon from Consul lliggius. He did not report tent of tho damage. tho ex- Damage Munition Depot. Amsterdam, Sept. 23. Allied air men bombarded a submarine and mili tary base at Hrngges on Sunday and Monday nights, inflicting heavy dum age, aud, it is reported, destroying a German factory.