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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 16, 1915)
. CIRCULATION IS i
OVER 3900 DAILY :
r - r""!
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1915
PRICE TWO CENTS K8 KS
BRITISH LOSS HEAVY IN
Nearly Eighty Thousand Men Killed, Wounded and Missing
Fighting In Eastern Front Still Continues Fiercely, Ger
mans Capturing Pinsk According to Official Advices
Greece and Rumania Mobilize On Frontiers of Bulgaria
and That Country Protests Against Action
London, Sept. 1C British
losses in killed and wounded in
the Dardanelles operations total
79,2!3 Under Secretary Tennant
announced today in the house of.
London, Sept. 16. Russian and Ger
jniiu forces are bitterly battling for con
trol of Dviusk. Though dispatches in
dicate that the "Russians are gaining
strength while the Teutons are finding
it more difficult to progress, the latest
Herlin statement declares that "fight
ing continues at the bridgehead west,
of Dvinsk" while it stated "at Solaki,
southwest of Dvinsk, enemy cavalry
The struggle now raging, it is be
lieved, will have a 'decisive effect on
the fate of Riga and Petrograd.
ispatches to Petrograd yesterday re
ported that the German's had suffered a
:iieck in this region, and indications
point to an apparent slackening of the
one dyamic Teuton advauce.
Operations on the west front center
about a new attempt to take Hartmunn
hweilerkopf, the scene of much see saw,
bloody fighting in the past year.
Germans Capture Pinsk.
Berlin, via London, Sept. 10. Ger
man forces have captured Pinsk, it was
oliicially announced today.
" Pinsk'i 143 miles southwest of Minsk
And about 10(1 miles east, of Brest-Lit-ovsk.
It stands at the junction of the
1'ripet and Pina rivers, and is the seat
f governnienet of Minsk province. Its
population was 28,000 nt last figures.
Field Marshal von Ilindenburg has
made further progress along the Kign
Dvinsk Hue, particularly toward Jacob
stadt, and is now driving the Slavs east
ward along the banks of the Dwina
near Lievenhof. Tho Russians, it was
-tdmitted, are making nn iron resist
The official statement contradicted
Russian claims that tho Slavs are mak
ing inroads against the Germans in Gn
Jicia. On the contrary, it was claimed,
the Russians suffered severely in at
tempting to beat in the Austro-German
flunk. German artillery was declared
to have broken down their attacks.
Kast of Orivlno, the statement ad
mitted, the Russians are still making a
Pinsk 's capture was effected bv the
forces under General Maekensen. The
iipture is important as mnrking pro
jres toward the Vilna-Hovnb line to
ward which the whole Germiin line is
moving. The city is only ,J0 miles dis
I Tn't trom this front.
Austrian Right Wing Broken.
Petrograd, Sept. 10. The Austrian
nght wing crumpled by the Slav offen
sive, has been forced to retire 20 miles
in southeast Galicia, but is fighting
''csperately. The Russiun's, continuing
their pursuit, have crossed the Strypn
river and nowocetipy positions on the
western bunk. The official statement
today claimed they hnd taken 3,000
The Austrian retreat 'extends north
ward -to a point nr Brody, it was
I :t i in
German forces lost heavily before
'IVnmol where fighting has been pro
ceding hotly for several days.
Austrian who attempted to approach
I'mviio were repulsed.
I'nris. Sent. 10. The suburbs of Ar-
One o' the' significant sign o' th'
v,e is tn' way married men are
"iihin' t' join th' armies t' Europe.
dvertisin It th' real life o' trade.
! rns, already partly in ruins were bom
uurui-u ui'uyii,)' again msi nigut, ,ue
official statement said today. The
I French answered spiritedly, however,
and succeeded in silencing the Teuton
! French hurled hundreds of shells at
!the tleniinri munition depots around
Hove and Lnssignv. blowing1 ih a mini
. ber of them. Kesultant fires spread a
weird glow over thelandscape tor miles
The communique reported an artillery
battle throughout the Woevre, Cham
pagne and Vosges regions, but with no
Copenhagen, Sept. 10. German news
papers have received vague hints that
Rumania will aid the allies at an earlv
moment. The reports, however, dd not
indicate the reason tor this move.
Dispatches transmitted from Sofi"
early today to Rome said Greek and
Rumanian troops hnd massed on the
Bulgarian frontier and that Bulgaria
has demanded an immediato and def
The Sofia ' messages were the first
itimation of any concentration there,
and wer regarded as significant in
view of German hints that Bulgnria
may join her side.
Naval Battle Rumor.
London, Sept. 16 The admiralty was
not informed today af a reported navul
battle in the North sea, though news
agency dispatcnes from Dutcli sources
reported violent cannonading which
shook windows in the Hook of Holland
Turks to Asia Minor.
London, Sept. 10. Turks are prepar
ing to transfer their government and
financial establishments to Asia Minor,
fearing an insurrection in thoir army,
said an Athens dispatch today. The
present pinn is to have the German al
lies man the Turk artillery in an effort
to surpress the expected attempt at rev
olution. , .
Paris, Sept. 10. Two Austrian de
stroyers were sunk bv an Italian sulv
marine in the Adriatic Monday, accord
ing to Turin dispatches today.
Turkish Claim Admitted.
London, Sept. 10. The admiralty to
day admitted that the Turkish claim
that the British submarine U-7 had
been sunk, ami her crew captured was
("presumably true." The submarine,
it was stated, has uat returned to its
Admiralty Prize Court On
Ground of Attempting To
London, Sept. 1ft. Valuable cargoes
(if several ships, detained en route from
America to Copenhagen, were seized to
day in the admiralty prize court.
Delivering his judgment, Sir Siimiicl
Ltims churged t but a number of Aincr-1
nun puipwt-ia hum n inn i i-u u t - uui -
the tnei Hl. blockade ot Germany ,,v
using fnl ne manifests, and warned them
Glut their arts would "weigh heavily
against them iu the luturo. ''
Only mn 11 II portions of the enrgoes,
which the cluiuiuuts proved conclusively
were consigned to neutral destinations,
for neutral consumption, were freed.
The value of coiit unrated goods is es
timated nt 10,G00,IIUU, with the heav
iest loss fulling on American incut
One Americnn concern, Sir Suinuel
Kvans suid, forwurded to Copenhagen
less tli 1111 a month alter the war start
ed twenty times as much lard as it
shipped iu peace limes. He held it wns
not reasonable to suppose that this was
intended for use in Denmark, leaving
the inference that he believed its ulti
mate destination was Germany.
Likewise Sir Samuel pointed out thai
an American packer had sent to Copen
hagen enormous quantities of canned
meats, though previously lie hnd had no
murket there. This he considered evi
dence that Germany wa to be the con
sumer. He allowed one Cudahy claim, but
disa'lowed claims by th Swift, Armour,
Morri and Sulzberger packing houses.
That Is General Belief of Euro
pean Statesmen Watching
By William G. Shepherd.)
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
London, Sept. 10. What will Sweden
This is the question asked with in
creasing frequency here.
No one knows why Sweden Bhould do
anything, , lint that, she will do some
thing shortly favoring one side or the
other in the great war, seems to be an
established opinion in the ally coun
tries. It is undeniable that popular opinion,
based on more or less reliable infor
mation, is that Swexen will shortly
tiirow her lot with Germany. Inquiry
in diplomatic circles develops these
facts: Germany is doing her best 'to
bring Sweden into toe war.
There is a party in Sweden that
favors Germany and is willing to have
the Swedish ninny help the Germans.
This party includes the financial in
terests, but is in the minority numeric'
Ttle progressive pnrtv, which out
voted the reactionary party two to one
in the past election is anti-German and
The war party in Sweden is trying
to create popular sentiment against
Russia, reminding the Swedes that Rug
sin took Finland from Sweden.
The militarists of Sweden are of the
German school; tho Swedish army is
trained on German lines: the sympa
thies of many Swedith militarists are
The chief outstanding tact is tnat
Sweden's democracy is being severely
tested on the war question. Jr this
democracy succeeds Sweden will not en
ter the wnr.
Asserts That Friendly Rela
tions With United States
Will Not Be Broken -
By Carl W. Ackcrman.
(Tinted Press stuff correspondent.)
Vienna, Sept. 13. -(By courier to Ber
lin, vin The Hague, Sept. lit.) "Aus
tria has not interfered, and will not
interfere, with tho iulernul nffuirs of
America. Vie are too busy with huro
penn affairs to bother with strikes in
America. But "whatever our . inquiry
shows, we will consider America's
reuuest for the recall of Ambnssudor
Dumbn purely personal. It on n not dis
turb the friendly relations between the
This statement was given, today to
the United Press by nn officinl who is
one of a group determining the man
nrchv's policies. He added that he
would be glad to have it sent to the
I'liitcd Stntes as explanatory to Aus
tria's attitude toward the recall of
Ambassador Dumbn for his plan to crip
ple Americnn munition manufacture.
Whether Austria shall name a sue
cossor'to Dumbu, and if so, how soon,
has not. yet been determined. The for
eign offico has apparently not recover '
cd from n surprise occasioned by the
American demands. Dumba had been
regarded highly by his home office, and
officials believed lie srood well with
the powers nt Washington.
"We nro nwuituig Auinnssaunr I'um
', . . ,iv . , 11 i iir .'t
, ba's report," he otf.cuil added. t ntil
we hear from him we will take no steps.
Before judging the case, we must hear
from our own representatives. We hope
and firmly believe that the situation
will be adjusted without the least in
terference with the cordial relations be
tween the two government. "
This official pruised American Am
bassador Penfield a having "discharg
ed a delicate duty with the greatest
tact." Penfield. however, would not
discuss arrival of the- note or Its de
livery. THE WEATHER :
tonight and Fri
Government Will Send Sharp-
est Note to London Yet
PROMISES TO SHIPPERS
ARE NOT FULFILLED
Are Resting For Time
(By. Charles P. Stewart.)
Washington, Sept. 10. The Anglo-
American diplomatic situation today
was temporarily more urgent than the
The sharpest note this government
has yet penned will be sent to Loudon,
it was predicted, should investigation
prove the truth of American importers'
charges that English private interests
are obtaining modifications under the
British order in council, which have
been denied to Americans.
On September 0, Ambassador Page of
London notified the state department
that in a "few days" arrangements
would.be made, to permit shipment
through neutral countries, of goods
bought by Americans from Germany be
fore the order in council became effec
tive." Many' importers promptly ap
plied at. the state department and
British embassy for fuller information
concerning this notice.
The British embassy, after telling im
porters to file proofs of time of pur
chase at tho trade advisers' department
in the state department, never indicated
a willingness to receive such proofs.
"Cooling Off" Process.
Germany and the United States are un
dergoing a "cooling off" process. It
will continue a fortnight.
Secretary of State Lansing leaves to
morrow for a vacation, and Herman
Ambassador Von Bernstorff does not ex
pect to return here meantime.
Considerable importance was attached
today to the New Vork Evening World's
quotation of Von ISernstorff as declar
ing that all "supposed", difficulties be
tween the two nnt inns would be Bwept.
away in the next two weeks. His op
timism was not reflected, however, by
the attitude of official circles. It was
relinbly reported, however, that the of
ficial nttitude of anxiety is deliberately
Concessions, it was said, were likely
to be obtained more easily from Berlin
if tho latter understands -that the ad
ministration regards the situation as
most grave. Furthermore, it was pointed
out, nn added emphasis will be given to
tho" Americnn diplomatic victory if it
is generally appreciated that it wns won
in tue face or duiiciiiues.
The United States insists that Gor
many shall disavow the Arabic tor
pedoiug. If she does, arbitration, sole
lv ou the Question of amount of repnro
tiou for American lives lost, will un
Concerning its request for recnll of
Austrian Ambassador Dumbn, the state j lr((, iart 0f t,jH (.normoiiH sum, and
department was puzzled by the con-!tnHt otK,,. pi,.,!. appeared likely,
tinued silence of American Ambassador I Th;r ,l(.tl,iB' mM.,.Hsarilv are incom
Penfield at Vienna. (.oinniuii..ation' ,nit th() fri,lt,worfc f the plan
with Vienna is invariably slow, but hi ;,,,..,, (q ()e i,,, with an understaiid
delay in communicating anv answer t"i,l( tia thebonds should be issued in
l lie American n-'u-oi 10 mr "l
Dumbu's wife is expected here short-
ly to make preparation for packing the
embassy furnishings, preparatory to re -
The America,, legation at Heme to -
day cabled the state department that
.. - 1 1.. .......11
lla message reqo i"K i" '
had been telegraphed to Vienna, but
that, since then, coiiimtinicntion hud
been cut for some unknown reason.
KOOSEVELT PLANS HUNT.
sept. kj. ituffnio
Hi,,.- ,;dy, toe scout wlA ...an,
Meal t p. vtn.Kii., n. i". '
" "' . . .. ... .. .i .
. nfiiir.nl 1 If in .0 rn. Iniv .1. illini,
his neice, e.rn.ng to r.i ne 10 iio in
if., lninr. in .Miviwnlipr in
Wvominn-. leading a party 111 which will
' ? . ...
be' Theodore II., v..t, Clarence .Mack-
Kiddle. Ntewurt r.ilwniu,"
hitn, as we
, Harry Whitney Treat,
ncniwe. in,,.,...... .-, -. -.-. -
.....i- ....li:.....,,-. I II lti.llii.il n
iiml a iiiimlier or other
wealthy Hentlle men.
OOMFETliluw 10 ZLXtbn
Scuttle. Wash.. Hept. In This
is the uge of efficiency. 1 wo
men lut nigiit held up II. G.
Handel. They got but over-
looker two bits in another ick-
ct. Within half an hour lone
highwlivma.i held lip Handel
and go't the two bit. Handel
iwiloulzed fur the small amount
explaining what had happened.
"They butting in on my
t beat." gruwled the thug a he
Methodical Destruction of En
tire Race of People In
. Constantinople, Sept. 16. (By cour
ier to Dedenghntch.) The Turks have
resumed their methodical extermination
They have outraged women.
They have sold them into the black
est kind of slavery.
They have massacred men by whole
sale. They have driven whole communities
from their homes into tho desert.
' Two hundred thousand villagers be
tween Yeni Chedir and Afion-Karahis-sur,
Asia Minor, have abandoned their
homes in fear of the Turkish cruelties,
a .id have fled to the mountains for
safety. Turk bands arc pursuing them,
mercilessly sheeting down stragglers
unable to keep up 'with the rout, and
capturing women who fall by the way,
At some places, the authorities'pre
sided personally over frightful massa
cres according to private advices reach
Handsome women and children were
selected from the victims and appor
tioned among tho Turkish civil and mil
itary officers, and robust boys were
sold as servants for private families.
The Young Turk party ordered Ar
menians In Smyrna sent to the interior
but Ravmey Bev, tho local vali and
protector of Kuropean's in Smyrna, re
fused to permit this, afterwards com
n-.g here to explain why ne nan ue
The principal newspaper of the
Young Turks said editorially that Tur
key would be unsafe until the Armeni
nns were either exterminated or forced
to embrace the Mohammedan faith
Portlier, it denounced them as traitors
who were nidim the enemy.
Tho papal nuncio at Constantinople
lias renewed his appeals to the siiolime
porte to end thij persecutions.
Allied Financial Commission
Seems Likely To Get
New York, Sept. Irt. The allied fin
ancial commission appeared today to be
on the road to making the most gigantic
"touch" in history, the proposed il,.
11011,(1(10,0(10 ln:in from American bunk
ers. Gossip in Wall street was that they
l.n.l i.i....ii.i.t..l in imltin'ir tlwt li.flitilll
,u ,, wnrtil In nledire u
. rum two to tour series, iiiuinring 111
from five to ten years, carrying five per
cent interest if they can be disposed of
jut par, and what is vital to America s
, growing position in the money world,
payable in good hard American dollars,
tho storm c'llnrs" in view of death
threats against them, though with spe
cial bodyguards, it was believed no
ac tual violence would be attempted
The conference between 'the com
mission and leading New York fiaun-
1 ... .i:.... 1., .li oft, I. ...
. . ,.,ut,,r.
:''", "'" . "
K SYo deC-
tiii.il it lie Known mar, me ommom
- , .1.. .1... 1:11:....
s: ,,r,tieallv uiranWd. ns
..-- ... , .
t ...v ha, roiini American hauliers sui-
1 Their views were hoi i . ,., : "
nor s liar some wmmith oiliinn nin
... . , .ii., Hiriuil.
piiriii-ipnu-, n ". i--- ; -
In make me loan n nimuum imim
g call a mass meeting of protest here
The conferee would noi shv, iiiungu
I whether they had acceded to tue visit
..is' reuuest for a loan with no other se
enrltv than tiic allies wiird. Most of
itho western participant risked Ameri
It wus rumored today that .1. P. Mor
gan labored iinWrcssfully a half hour
....... 1.....1. ...... n... i.
fi.at.iri fiV With .IOIIII It. liucrici eilil , i I .
j enlist the Jtoekefcller resource,
the loan. ,
Interest dot Together
New York, Hept. Id. In an effort to
A-:i:.-4... ..I .... l.iltinn dnllfir loan
lurilliniti mi- ni'-w " ' -
,.rn,m.l. "net together" movement
'of practically all New Vork financial
(Ceatiou ) Pg1 Three.)
IN ALL ill
MAY BE CLOSED
HARMONY RULES TODAY
IN LAND GRANT MEETING
Governor Withycombe Made Opening Address To Delegates
-Sentiment Seems To Be That Lands Should Be Open
ed To Settlement But Method Not Yet Agreed Upon
Order of Business Is Adopted and Decision Reached To
Hold Night Sessions
"Whilo ninny of us see this
land arrant Question from differ-
eut angles," said Governor Withy-
combo in his opening auuress
today, "I think that fundiimon-
tally our hopes are identical.
We want farmers to be produo-
ing prosperity for themselves
and for trie state on these
lauds. Wo want them opened to
settlers, development and taxa-
"But whatever the detailed
method of their disposition, let
us hope that the shuckles of
restrictive conservation, which
elsewhere have borne so heavily
upon our natural heritnge, may
not be imposed upon these
The Oregon-California Laud Grant
ennferencfl which was called to order
at 11 o'clock in the Hall of Represen
tatives by W. I. Vawter, of M.idford,
rulled smoothly on througout the day 's
...yinn iu if tho wheels wore well lu
bricated and with tne neynoio oi mo
convention, as expressed by Governor
Withycombo in his opening remarks,
that the land suouiu do opcuuu vu noi
tiers, all appeared to be heartily in ac
A.if.l Front the undercurrent of Bentl
iiiout which pervaded the t'kor of the
house It seems that air desire that the
lands now included In' the grant to tho
railroad be placed on the market in
some way that more people may be pro
vided with homes iu this state, llow
they are to ncquiro these lands is the
problem, and which problem will doubt
less remain unsolved regardless iif any
resolutions adopted by this mass meet
ing of citizens. ,
This is a conference of about 200 ac
credited representatives from vurious
organization and tho sepuiuto coun
ties of thu state. They are attempting
to hit upon sdino plun to open up tneso
lauds to settlement. To begin with, the
on'iy right of the state of Oregon in
these lands, from the terms oi the
grant as outlined by tho decisiuu of the
O. S. supremo court, is tho right of
l'reo speech ami the only title uud iu-ton-ut.
is thu interest lit the delegates
as citizen's. Their resolutions if acted
upon by congress in any way, it is lice
lv predicted, will result I iu congress
i.oiiiornmiHiiii in throwing tiio entire
i,.iir nt in niiH into a forest reserve. If
..(ingress refuses to act it is probablo
thai the railroad u:npany will bo lore
,' . u .i i.....u mi.i.ir tlm
term of tho grunt. .No more than ItrHmorlgngo Indebtedness which could be
acre to any one person, only to uctunl
settlers uud ut u price of not to exceed
$2."U an acre.
Tho decision (t the V. o. supremo
ourt. as hastily reviewed by Attorney
General Krown' in his address on "The
Legal Aspect of tue Situation," states
tl.iir eouuress hud iu mind the ultimate
settlement of these lands by uctunl rcsl-
leu Is when the gru.its wore lirst miulo
bv congress to the ruilrouil. ino su
premo court ulso held that tho terms
of the grant were also laws. The
term ut tho grunt, una cousequciuy
the law in thu case, is that the lu.nl
snail be lisposed of only to actual set
tlers at a price of not more iniiu ..,u
an acre uud in lots or. not more iniiu
150 acres to any onu person. If con
gress rofusea to take any aetimi in the
mutter and the terms of tnu decision!
of the U. H. supreme court uro adhered
to tho railroad company will no torceu
ither to dispose ot thu lands minor
the terms us outlined or to pay taxes un
their actual value if they are held by
the railroud us nlortgngeuble security.
The order of bus s as outlined oy
the committee on procedure wns strict
ly adhered to and the committee on
reilentinls which was appointed liV
( liairinuii Vawter retired t make their
report. This committee consisted or r.
M. Willuns, ot Mine, Chairman; i. w.
I.eedv. of Itenton: Theo. Meyers, of
ioos; c. r.. d i re, , i - """."'
: . i-
U.S. Parrcll, of A ultnunnn; r, r..iMd
II,,, of Union; .1. K. Krown, or iiniiuii
I.....-...,- ...i. i ..ii c tlm tint, of,
i-i rili-ii i luilf ii-tiniv.'n .... ... -
accredited representatives ami ill addi
tion every ,thr list of delegutes that
iioiilied lor seat on tho floor. Mo con
citB were nmdo und the harmony of the
conference received its first boost. The
lit of additions in full f,Hows:
.1. D. Drown, GilMniii county, Jiresl
ilent Farmer' union; II. I,. Gilkey,
Joseph ii:', in place of II. 1). Norton;
Peter I.oggie, Coon county, in place f
I,, I). Hmitii; C. G. Gillette, Josephine
county; W. H. Kiinynii, Cliickninns coun
ty, representing Actual Hauler' asso
ciation'; W. K. 1111, Toledo, represent
Ini Lincoln eountv. M. M. Davis, New
port, representing Lincoln county; I. C
Hmith, Newport, representing Lincoln
ennntv: (). V. lliirt. Wuldport, retire-
setlng Mncolu county; J. U ltiekmnn,
xoamnrt. reiircnc ntiiiit Mncoln county;
13. II. Colli, Columbia county; Carlton
Lwl, Columbia, W. A. nun, voiumuia
county; W. C. Hiuterman, Wallowa
The following resolution will be sub
mitted by the . Farmer' Union, the
State Grange and the t?tate Federation
of Labor, jointly:
Bo it Resolved, That this conforenea
recommend that trusteeship of the land
under consideration be reposed in the.
state of Oregon with authority to ell
to actunl settler at prices consistent
with its reasonable value;
That as sales are made a sum of not
to exceed $2.50 an acre be paid to the
railroad company and the remainder he
paid into the irreducible school fund
of the state or Oregon;
That said fund be available for loan
to Bettlers upon said lands on term
similar to those made upon lauds under
the reclamation act whereby twenty
year time i glven.at easy annual pay
ments, or upon such other term a will
lend all possible assistance In the de
velopment of home upon, and uecea
ful purchase of, said lands by said ac
Iu his speech this afternoon ex-Governor
Oswald West gummed up tho sit
uation as follows:
"In view of these existing circum
stances and conditions I deem It good
business and for our best interest thut
the stuto offer to take over the grant
'and rolmburse the railroad company.
Much il urogram would be greatly im
plifiod if congress could bo induced to
advance tho fund necessary to satisfy
tho claims of the railroad and uwalt '
repayment until the state could secure
the funds ' through the negotiation of
"If, however, congress should be
found unwilling to udvance tho funds
it would, iu view of nur constitutional
restrictions as to state indebtedness,
devolve upon tho tuend -of such a
movement to devise mean fur financing
the undertaking. -
"I would suggest that this might bo
done, through tho organization of a
holding company to 6nsist of the gov
ernor, secretary of tato, tute treasur
er, attorney general, a representative
of- our farmer organization, a repre
sentative of our labor organizations,
and a representative of our commercial
"This holding company could, with
the consent of congress, take over the
grant, and lifter pledging It for secur
ity for the funds necessury to satisfy
the claims of the rsnroud- company,
deed the lnnds to t'io tate for the
benefit of the school fund.
"The grant, of courso, would be tak-
eu over bv tho
stute uii.oei to inn
cleared in duo Time inruiign um mu-
of timber. Under state ownership the
control of the grant would pass to tho
state bind bourd, and ns it could un
doubtedly be bundled with little or no
increase ill force in that department the.
cost of administration would be reduced
to the minimum,
"If such a plan should bo followed
and tho stnte com,) into the ownership
of thu grunt tho non-timbered lands
fit for settlement minuld be thrown
open to entry at once to bona fide
settlers ut little or no cost. Hud, non
timbered tracts ns were found unfit for
settlement should be held by the stuto
wtjh u view of reforestation.
"The timber on the timbered land
should bo appraised and in due time
Isold in suitable sized tracts to highest
trol, lers and on condition that it be re
moved within a certain period. As futt
as the timber was removed from a tract
of bind it should, if suitable for ueh
purposes, be thrown open to lettlement.
Lands unfit for settlement from whirh
the timber had been removed should be
held for the purpose of reforestation.
"In the consideration of the con
tentions of the railroad company wo
should keep iu mind that the court itt
enjoining further sales of the land hud
this to ny of past illegul sales:
"'In view of the disregard of the,
covenant, und gain of illegal cmolii-
,,. i view ot the -government
V , , ,, ., rvlllll.B f
" . " ',, rM,p(,..l.
...Mi the fuHire conduct of the railroad
its various ugencica ia
imperfect relief; but tho government
has not asked for more,'
"It ulso said:
' 'This suit was nrouglit, It Is al
leged, to determine the rights and rem
edies us to the unsold luuds and that
subsequently other suits will be insti
tuted ns to the sold lauds, rights und
remedies lis to them being iu effect re
served. Therefore, the decree iu thi
suit shall he without prejudice to any
other suits, rights or remedies in which
the government may have by law.'
"In nniilyzliig the cluims of the rail
road company with a view of arriving
at the amount which is justly due them
we should keen in mind the illegal
sale which have been made and remem
ber that it had iu the beginning a do
(Continued on P rive.)
I :. I
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