ft I . FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES CIRCULATION IS OVER 3900 DAILY ; x life ffllfflllfil .ffiiifiilfi iWlrmrnirt rTHIRTY'EIGHTH YEAR SALEOREGOT TRICE TWO CENTS BrOTT5 GERMAN UN RA COASI OF ENGLAND Ten Persons Known to Have Been Killed, Firty-three In jured and Others Missing-Property Damage Large German and Allied Airmen Are Active Along West Front-Submarines Again Take Toll of Commerce Several Vessels Are Reported Sunk London, Sept. 8. Driving against the cist coast of England three ciunt Ger man Zeppelin? last night in their lflt-i ri id against England garnered a casual ly toll greater thr.n any thus far ten lead, three missing, forty-three wound- Kl, twenty crt them seriously. At the same time they tumbled sev eral small dwellings into ruins, and set ' number or lues with their incendiary bombs, these however, were quickly ex tinguished. ' ' On only one occasion have the raiders reaped a greater toll. That was in June when 15 or 10 were slain, but the lfst C wounded never ran so high. Shrouding the location of the raid in mystery, the admiralty said nctiiing concerning where the terrorists of the eky had dropped their bombs. The raiders drove "in apparently from the Dutch coast, as Amsterdam messag es reported four Zceppelins sighted off the Dutch coast. One was fired at by tne Dutch, whet ' feared it planned wolation of Holland's neutrality. English aeroplanes failed to locate tho raiders, the . official statement said, though tho English anti-aircraft guns were at once put into action. Women and childrcu were the prin cipal victims. It was believed here that probably many of these were slain as they grouped, iii fear, in the streets watching the air nionstvrs at their work. Earlier Reports of Baid. London, Sept. 8. Tea persons wero killed iu last night's Zeppelin raid on the English coast, it was officially an nounced today."" Three other persons nre missing and believed to bo buried in tho debris. Following out the recent policy con cerning raid announcements, the loca tion was withheld. The admiralty Baid 43 were injured. Though Amsterdam messages indicated that perhaps four raiders were in the party, the official statement today said that only three particputeu in me at tack. . , "Last night three Zeppelins bom barded the eastern const," said the of ficial statement. "Two men.', three wo men and five children were killed. Four men, eleven women and five chil dren were seriously injured. A mnn and two women are missing." , The remainder of the 43 wounded apparent ly were not seriously hurt. "Fifteen,' small dwellings were de molished or badly damaged, " the state ment continued. ".Several fires start ed but were quickly extinguished. There was no other great damage." The British anti-aircraft were in ac tion, the official statement said, but "our aeroplanes were unable to locate the enemy." All those wounded were civilians with the exception of one soldier. It is possible that London was again (Hacked by the Zeppelins which the idmiralty reports us having raided "eastern counties." Tho official state ment was censored as to tho locality of the raid but the meoon of "dwell ings" being demolished or damaged mak"s it prob'iblo tho attack was wade on the city. From the standpoint of casualties Inst night's raid was the most destructive made this summer, though 15 or 10 per sons were killed in the raid of June 11. Fierce War of Airmen. Taris, Sept. 8. Whirring aeroplanes from both the allies and German air 'amps went forth today on errands of ''oath. Sixty bombs were hurled by the French birdmen upon Getninn air camps at MeJard and Dlcuse, while Sometime we're even criticised fer Mtendin' t' our own business You n,,ver see any ex-aviaton. fWT French and British fivers co.nivrnt,.l in an attack upon the Ostend camp. me uomos, as tar as is known,, killed none at these points, though several UerSOTIS Were filniii n'lian tlia P............ squadrons bombarded Nancy and the piureuu lunizeviue. These raids followed the. big allied raid earlier in the week upon Saarbrus ken, the German air assault on St. Die and (ierardmer,nnd the reprisal raid of the allies upoa Freiburg, across the Rhine. 'Germans Drop Wreaths. German Taubes crossed the French lines near Nancy today and dropped wreaths, with messages of condolence for tho family of Captain Fequant De Latouehe. Tinted TVnneti nviut,,- L-ni.i by tliree German airmen in Holiday's o i i. ram on. nnurorucaea. Freuch aviators rose to'- meet the messntre henrers find ntirunnil fliatn 1,,. they escaped to their own hcadquar- vuia, , Onp hlindrpd French nvtutnva r.ni.1 their last tribute today to Latouehe, the iirsr certined military pilot to drive a French machine. His body was borne to a train upon tho undercarriage of a dismantled ma chine, while his friends, with bared heads, followed tin, strange funeral. Four Zeppelins Participated. Amsterdam, Sept. 8. Four Zeppelins are believed to hnve nnrfielnntait in last night's German raid against the English east coast. . . Outlying Dutch garrisons fired on a i-pppiiu ueauinjj in a (Southwestern direction, fearing that it was about to violate Dutch neutrality. - Three others were sighted over Dordrecht, giv ing rise to tho opinion that tho four were desiued for the English cast const . Submarines Are Active. London. Hne.t 8. Gontinninir tlmir submarine activities of the past few uays, tne uerninns have added another victim, the F.llcrman liner Dotiro. The crew was landed safely. t ' Tho Douro was a vessel of l.fiO.I tons. Still another victim, the French steamer Guatemala, of 5,0.10 tons, was torpedoed todny. German submarines torpedoed her off the west coast of Fiance, but a British vessel took her crew off in safety. Still another vessel was bagged by the under sea boats when they tor pedoed the Russian ship Rhealiasben. The crew, however, was saved. Von TiiTitz Will Not Quit, Berlin, via Amsterdam. Sept. 8. Grand Admiral Von Tirpitz, creator of Germany's submarine warfare, will not resign. Official denial was made today in answer to stories that because of fric tion with -other lenders over Germany's submarine policy and particularly its relation to German-American affairs he would quit. Von Tirpitz, it was explained, lie been taking a vacation but will soon resume his post. E By Clever Ruse Police Secure Damaging Statements From Negro Suspects TrovWeuce, R. I Sept. 8 Police no lieved today they had tightened the net about Mrs. C. Franklin Mohr in the case charging her with inciting three negroes to murder her husband, Dr. Mohr. I'sing a subterfuge, they sent department employes to the negroes in their cells, and represented that they came from the widow. ITenlis, chauffeur of the death car, told them to tell Mrs. Mohr the trio would "stick by her." Then, the em ployes went to the cell of Victor Brown, whose alleged confession had Implicated Mrs. Mohr. lie begged them to appeal to Mrs. Mohr for on attorney to defend him. At the same time, he wanted them to see his sister, nnd ask her to swear lie was at her house at the time of the shooting. These statements, under the circum stances, were regarded by the author ities are particularly conclusive of their theory that- the widow was actually allied' with the negroes in the plot to slav Mohr, and his girl companion on their automobile ride out of Providence. MARRIED AT HIGH SPEED ,San Rafael, Cat, Sept. 8. Tuning his automobile up to high speed, iu order to catch a train in two minutes, Albert N. Knight was wedded to Miss Rose B. Tiueblgiul in probably the fastest time on record, en route to the stution. "Marrying- Judge" Mageo, located at a ball game after a vain search of town for n quick splicer, performed the cere- mony, while the auto crowded the 50 mile limit. "Join hands," was his per- emptory command, as the auto careened. "By the act of joining hands, I pronounce you man and wife whoever you are," he said above the roar of the motor. Then, ns he pocketed his fee, wished the couple good luck, ami saw them hop aboard the train just pulling into the sta- Hon, tho judge looked over the marriage license to find out just whom he had joined in ma- trimonv. COMMANDER OF SUBMARINE SAYS ARABIC ATTACKED Germany's Claim Is That Liner Was Sent to Bottom In Self Defense By Carl W. Ackennau. Berlin, via The Hague, Sept. 8. Germany's note on the torpedoing of the liner Arabic, was handed to Am bassador Gerard last night, but it was withheld from publication todav. It was understood, howevor, that it contnins the substance of a report of the commander of the submarine which sank the vessel,- This report held the commander was instilled' m his attack, on tho ground that he feared he was about to be ram med by the liner nnd that ho torpedoed her in self defense. It is understood that the commander's report was received a few days ago, thus disposing of English reports that the submarine lind been sunk or cap tured. The noto covers four typewritten pages. Submarine Returns. Amsterdam, Sept. 8. The submarine which torpedoed tho liner Arabic, has returned to its base, nnd reported that it submarined the vessel to escape pos sible attack, said a Berlin dispatch to day. Liverpool advices, nnd advices to Sec retary of State Lansing have indicated that the British either sank or cap tured tho Arabic attacker. These ad vices, however, were unconfirmed by the admiralty. OFFICIALS DO NOT COMMENT. By Charles P. Stewart. Washington, Sept. .8. Officials here received the first wont of delivery of the Arabic note to Ambassador Gerard, through United States Press Correspond ent Ackerman's dispatch. They de clined, however, to make any comment thereon until they hnd the entire text before them, though they professed deep interest in the reported justification plen. It was pointed out, in high quarters, however, that acceptance of Germany's plen on this point would give sub marines a wide latitude of action here after. Should it bo accepted, Germany easily could, in future ca.ses, profess to believe that n eVsscl'vecring out of its course did so for the purpose of ram ming the submarine and thus egain justify the torpedoing. America has recognized submarines rights to attack a vessel attempting to ram a submarine, but it was pointed out that this reported new lea of Germany might, establish a dangerous precedent. REVENGE, MURDER MOTIVE. ' On'd Bar, Wash., Sept. 8. Revenge : iu.iinv.nl in have. been the mo tive of the double murder here laiit Sunday when Kdwnrd 1'feiffer and Moritz Schneider wore benlon to ueaiu bv unknown asreiilrnts. THE WEATHER . Oregon: Fair tonight; Thurs day fair, warmer except near the coast; westerly winds. 6 p I it" TAKE, -1 V .SI M CZAR REMOVES GRAND DUKE ID ASSUMES COMMAND Nicholas Is Transferred To v Asia Jo Operate Against Turks OTHER CHANGES EX PECTED IN COMMANDS Petrograd Claims Germans Checked Berlin Reports Progress IVtrocrrad. Scot. 8. ft rami n,,L Nicholas, superceded in command of the i-iiuv lorees oy me czar, lias been ap pointed viceroy of; the Caucasus, it was officially announced today. In being transferred to the C'aucnsus, it is assumed that Grand Duke Nich olas will have command of the Russian forces operating against the Turks in that region. The grand duke is the first commander in chief to be re moved Bince the outbreak of the war. He has been the generalissimo) of the Russian armies, bearing the same rela tion to the Slavs in the east as have General .loffre and Field Marshal Sir John French to the allied armies on the western front. .l,offre's position is nearer that from which Grand Duke Nicholas has been removed than is French's as the former is recognized as the commander of the chief of the allied forees. Under the comnmnd nf nrnn.l Twlm Nicholas, the Russians hnvo scored but one notable victory the capture of IV'.emysl. This forjrcsi was later re captured bv tint Ansi.nv fl liast Prussian campaign early iu the war resuireu in ino inilure. The at tempt td invade Iliinvnrv (rmi,,h th,, Carpathians also failed, after a costly winter campaign, xwo -Uerman at tempts against. Wersnnr oiu fully resisted before the Polish capital finally fell, but since early spring the niuva Have oecu coiibtantiy on tne dc fonsive. and pnii'itant.lv in t ,-,,( t. have been driven from Gnlicin, except iur a narrow Birip in the southeast. While all of their forts of the Vistula and Hrcst-I.itovsli lines hnve been cap tured in rapid succession. Riga, the Maltie port is now threatened, ami a thrust against I'etrngrad is expected to follow. Grand Duke Nicholas is a cousin of the czar. Other sii:ikeiiis in the Diimlm. ...!i. itnry organization are promised ns n luBiiu, or ir.e tiiav retreat from War saw. The czar, it in said, intends per sonally to re-organize important depart ments of the government. Willi the niiiKiMicemenl of the Grand Duko's transfer, a letter from Czar Nicholas to (he di'UriBn.1 nm.,in ...I..- also made public. The czar thanked his cousin for his ..crvices and expressed regret that his "ill health" should have caused his removal elsewhere.o The transfer of Grand Duke Nicholas is taken, however, as an expression of iuh cfflir iiispie isiiro nt tne successive defeats suffered bv the lfnuui,,,.u of his deteiniiiiatiiiu to lake personal -urn ui 1110 III IIIICS. . V Say Germans Held In Check. 1'Otrom nil. Si'ht. H Itnnuinn n . '. Il.... is holding the Gerntnn forces iu check in the Higa region. While the Slavs tire admitted to iinvn retired across the 'ialician front of Hrody, on the Aiiithoru extremity of their buttle front, reports from the war olf'ice today, emphasized that the inissians are siniuiing rirm in the cru cial engagement to the mirth. From n linint i'ist. nf ftrfi.l.... T.r....l - I - "'""nil, iif nuvri the Slav center in also gradually bend ing inward, but tlio retirement is be i n if made in euoil tinier nnil in I. nnco with prcainuiged plans. At sev eral points iu retirement nas been halted for the delivery of heavy and successful counter attacks against the enemy. tioneinl Kussky s artillery has check- cd the Geriticn assiiiills alfiurr tin. M.'i.in river in the Higa region. Enemy forc es approaching the left bunk were brought to n halt by the Slav fire. Northwest of Frii'drirhstndt feeble tit tompU were mnde by tne fleriuniis to throw pontoons across tho river. The pontoons were (prickly smashed by the Huiisiuii guns, however, and under heavy firo iroiu the Slav batteries, the German Ulan v.H'i niinr.rmillv iilniml. oned. Dcnliito III.' I. omitted rot i rnitimif uiiuf of Hrody, GetierH Ivnnoff's forces fur ther to the mii'th iii Gnlicin are main tiiining their poritious along the Kreth. Germans Capture Valhovyzk. fleiiip, vie. London, Heiit. H. German force iiavo cap.orcd Volhovyzk, an im portant railway junction, 4H "miles south east of Grodno, it wus officially an nounce! Tunny. Along with their victory, the Ger mans took 2X00 pris(mcr. The Hus- sinus (ire now retienting (astward an I southwtstwurd of Mrodno. T he (Invar iant under l'rinco I.cosdd defeated tneir forces sotiliesst or Volkovvsk. The Amtiiun lorees, pushing north ward through the marsh regiun are . . WASHINGTON WIGWAGS By George A. Martin. Residents in the vicinity of Stratford Shoal, New iork, probably will not be pleased, to learn that the government has just spent $15,(100, making the fog horn at that point much louder. The commerce depnitmcnt says the Temple of Agriculture grounds nt Peking, China, nre being transformed into "a beautiful park with tennis courts nnd lily ponds." The ponds are for the bulls to go into. Mr. Consul Anderson reports that twenty tons of Chicago butter hnve arrived at Hong kong on their dash to South China via San Francisco nnd Sydney. There seems no good reason why Chicago butter mar ket in South China should not be very strong. American plumbers are glad to note that tubes and piping are being made of solidified glue. All one has to do now is lick the plumbing, stick it in and charge extra for the new idea. Forrest. Hills, L. L, Sept. 8. William M. Johnston and Ciarenco Griffin, of San Francisco, are the new doubles tennis champions of the country. This pair of rising young stars from the Golden Gate Tark courts this after noon defeated Maurice E. McLoughlin and Thomns Bundy, also of California, in the challenge round for the national title. By his victory todny Johnston gained the double crown of both the singles and doublcs championship. He fol lowed up his defoat of McLoughlin in the Bingles yesterday by brilliant play ing today which contributed largely to the over throw of the team which has long held the title. BASEBALLTODAY National League. R. TL E. New York 3 1 Philadelphia ft 13 0 Hitter, Schopp and Dooin; Chalmers and Hums. I'erritt replaced Schupp. First game H. IT. K. liostnn 12 111 0 Hrooklvn 1 2 Nehf, Hughes and Whaling, (lowdyj Marquard, Appleton ami Miller, Mc carty, Second game K. IT. K. Hoston 4 i) I Hrooklvn 1 ! 2 Hnrnes and fiowdy; Uucker and Mil ler. Dell replaced Uucker, R. IT. K. Chicago , .'. II H St. Lc.iis 2 5 0 ' Lavender ami Archer; Ames and" Sn vrier. American League. Ti. IT. K. Washington 1 5 0 New Vorlt t 0 0 0 Johnson ami Williams: Shnwkcy and Krucger. First game R. IT. K. I'hiladelpliiti 1 r, I lioston 0 7 2 Sheeehan and McAvoy; Liyinnrd, Mays and 'n 1 1 i i-n n. Second game IT. IT. E. Philadelphia 2 8 4 Huston 13 11 O Crowcll ami Lapp; Gregg and Carri- Kan. If. 1 1. I'.. St, Louis fi 10 3 Cleveland i ' 2 Met ube anil Agnew; Morton and O' Neill. Coiiiube replaced Morton; Hren ton replaced (.'uumbe. II. II. K. Detroit ! HI 1 Chicago ......10 15 3 Covuleski nml Stallage; Fnber, Hen., Wolfgang and Schulk. Federal League. First tame R. II. K. Hultimore 0 " 0 llirlfalo 1 i .llionsoii and Ihvcns; Sihul. and Al lc n. Second game Hultimore Hut fulo (uinii and Russell; Hall Conley rcplncuri iuiiiu. First game Hrooklvn Newark H. it: i;. 4 8 2 5 H I uiiri Allen, 11. II. i:. 12 1 4 10 1 Kui-crling nnd Marimi nnd Lund; Knriden. Second gf.iuii R. IT. K. Iliouklvn 3 !l 1 Newark 0 H 1 rpliniu and Simon; Moscley and liar iridic. It. II. K. I'ittsburg 2 i 1 Kansas City 7 12 1 Itogge and )'( otiner; I'm knrd and Kiizenroth. Ilciune replaced Hogge. pressing thin Hliiv army's left wini linn;. The official statement reported no fresh advs'ice toward Higa, but (len eral Von Kichcorn's men were reported making progress toward Vilnn, having seized the intersection of the lakes of Trokiuowo southwest of Vil nu. AUSTRIAN SITUATION IS NOW BEING CONSIDERED President Wilson Astonished Washington hy Walking Over to Secretary of State's Office and Talking Dumha Case Over With That OfficialState Department Is Said To Be Making Thorough Investigation of Ambassador's Activities Before Reaching Decision Washington, Sept.. 8. Though offi cial Washington wis accustomed to smashing ot precedents by rresidont Wilson, it gasped today when the ex ecutive broke all previous ideas of of ficial "dignity" mid called upon Sec retary of State Lansing nt the bitter's office far a conference. Tho tnlk, it was believed, dealt, with the explanations Ambassador Dumba gave Lansinif late yenterday afternoon, regarding hi:i dispatch of a letter to Austria, through an American nows paper correspondent boaring on ho pro)iosed plan to call out Austrian workeres in American munition plnnhi. Tho president Br.untored ct.it of the Whito Honne, across the road to the state department, and up the steps, avoiding tho elevator which diplomats uso in getting from tho ground floor directly to Lansing's office. The president apparently had tele phoned iu advance tout he was com ing. As he enmo down tho granite hall way, he was at once roeotfnizod by "Kddio" Savoy, negro messenger, who has boon ushering persons of note Into tho secretarial presence for many yoarn, with just a littlo moro than Ins usual suavity, just a bit moro of a bow, he showed the oxecutivo into tho private office. Ou iiiKiuostioiiKblo authority it was learned that Dumba intended to make strong efforts to enliut Secretary Wil nun's aid in notifying Austrians that sevoro penalties would be Inflicted on them if tht'y coiitiniiea munition labor, and later returned to their native land. Secretary Lansing, it wns understood did not object td this proposed warn ing through the h.bor department. lief ore seeing Wilson, Dumba, confer red a fow minutes with Solicitor Denu niore of tho labor department, but neither would reveal tho subject of their discussion. His Deposition Undecided. What disprtiition, the administration will mnko.of Austrian Ambassador Dumba was undetermined early toriuy. His explanation concerning his admit ted plan to call out Austrian workers iu American munitions factories nnd his siibftoqueilt effort to forward dn tnlls thereof to Austria, through tho American corrcspiuideut, Archibald, docs not clone tho incident. The administration did not accept ns settling the situation finally his defense that ho,, acting n:; an omiusnry ol' his government under its decree that Aus triun subjects in foreign lauds munt not work on war contracts fur tho al lies. President Wilson is reported to be nwaiting further information before de ciding whether Dumba is diplomatical ly personal urn grain. His conference this forenoon with Secretary lousing wan regarded as di rectly bearing on tin. Diimbii case and EUGENE BOSSE BACK FROM WAR ZONE TO HOME IN THIS CITY Declaring that not one half of tin' horrors of the war in Hclgium have been told and that the press censorship softens the tale.) of blind shed and suf fering which are beyond the mind of man to imagine and that a short trip tho war zjne will leave mi Im pression never to be forgotten, F.ugnnn Kosse, a well kown flu x grower of Sa lem, returned to this city lust night direct from llrunsles and the heart oft the war .one, Mr. llosse went on a visit to his nu ti vh land, Hclgium, some two years ago,, nnd was iu Hrussles nt tho time thei war broke cut. Ho saw the first Gcr mnns enter Hclgium mid lias been see-! ing them ever since, until he li ft there. "Them are millions of them," saidj Mr. Hosse, "und still morn keep enm-f ing. A million and u half of soldiers j of Germany passed Ihrmiuh llelgiiuu at tiie beginning of the war and every; rinv five or ten Ihousiind were killed I or wounded and still more keep com ing. Wher.) do they come f rem f No one knows. Where do they go No one knows. Those Gcrmuns, they inn h ii men, " Kvery train from the front back through Hclgium carried wounded sol diers and the blood actually dripped from the cars and ran in st renins from the edges of the flnt cars bearing the wn inriod soldiers passing through to the hospitals. Ah, war is a crime. "Always tho trains , went through with lends utter loads of wounded and then came back to the battle front loaded with more fresh troops. An I the Germans are tho best troops I have he undoubtedly received full details of the Dumba caso at the time. Tho official chanco of front in the case b deemed significant. Previous to the envoys meeting with Lansing yes terday, officials strongly intimated that there would bo no action against Dumbn. The White House and state department sentiment, however, appar ently veored sharply to a more un favorable position toward him follow ing the session. It is not belioved this government will go ns far as to ask that Austria recall him, but thero was a strong be lief in official circles that. Vienna will receive a hint that the United States would consider it proper for Austria to initinte disciplinary measures. Dumba planned to confer with Sec retary of Ijubor Wilson regarding the matter of employment conditions for Austrinns, and presumably regarding iris plan to establish an employment service for subjects of that country forced out of munitions plants. Further, it was believed he would take up, too, tho question of the right thus to halt Austrinns labors. Stato Department Probes, Washington, Sept. 8. That the state department is Booking further informa tion concerning Austrian Ambassador Dumba 's activities) in connection with his admitted plan to call Austrian sub jects out of Amorican munition fac tories was officially admitted today. It is understood tho administration asked him 1o submit. th enclosure to which ho referred in the letter he at- -tempted to forwrvrd to the Austrian for eign minister through American Cor-, respondent Archibnld, The department, it wns admitted, de sires to got the further facts direct from the ambassador. Tho onclomre referred to, wns an "aide incmoiro, " or reminder, forward ed to tho Ambassador from tho editor of the Austrian pnper SJtubadsag, in New Vork. Dumba 's letter to his for eign office threw no light on the na ture of this document. Secretary of Labor Wilson was re ported to have vetoed Dumba 's sug gestion for nid from the department in notifying Austrians that continued ser vice in munitions factories would re sult iu severe punishment for them from their homo govoruinont, in event of their return limine. Didn't Know Contents. Anisterdnm, Sept. 8. "If Ambassa dor Dumbu's dispatches contained any- tiling improper, lie mailo a scapeirout of inc. 1 didn't know thn contents." Thus commented American Corros IHindent. Jaiiies Archibald hero todav when asked regarding the revolution that tho messngn he was carrying tor Dumba to the Austrian foreign offico was a plan lor calling Austrians out of American munition factories. ever seen and I have seen the troops of nearly all nntioni; of tho world ex cept the Anicriciins. "The Americans are taller," said Mr. Hosse, "and better fighters, I am an American by adoption," he continued with pride, "and it was only through the American legation that I could get out of tho country.'' Mr. Hoss.i went on to say that when ho first applied for a passport out of the country, he was refused and he re turned to the American legation in Hrussles to tidl tliein and tiiey fixed him up with a note to the German which permitted him to puss. "The suffering in Hclgium is In describable," emu inued Mr. Hossi'. "It will never be told because tho German do not permit anyone to leave the cum try except to neutral countries, and th lii'lgiiius and others who renain uro afraid to speuk of their mi (fortunes be cause of the German military rule which is strict und harsh. "The coininon German solriicts, they are gool men, but they are forced to do things by their officers who drivo their men at the point of revolvers when necessary. The common German soldiers, they "do not know why tuoy l'ii;ht and tiic.V do not hate the Bel lini us but their officers rule them with an iron hand." Mr. Ilosse saw niis'nip raids frequent ly, first the Zeppelins and later the machines of the French and English and about two months oo witnessed a raid by five machines. The day before there appeared over Brussles an (Continued on 'age Tare.