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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 2, 1915)
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THIRTY-EIGHTH YEAR : XLEM, OREGON, ThWd1tEMBER21915 . PRICE TWO CENTS ggSIF
GERMANY'S PEACE TERWIS ' RUSSIA THINKS ATTEMPT
ARE PLAINLY APPARENT TO PIERCE LINE DEFEATED
Established Freedom of Seas, Freedom of Conquered Rus
sian Territory, Guarantee j Rights of Jews of All Countries-Granting
of Americ in Demands Opens Way to
Negotiations, According b Reliable Information-Wilson's
Success May Give Hm Prestige
By C. P. Stewart.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, Sept. 2 Germany wants
peace on these terms:
Established freedom of the Beaa.
Freedom of the conquered territory
of l'oland from Russia.
Granting of inalienable rights to the
Jews of all nations.
It was with tho object of opening the
way, an'd securing tho co-oporation of
tire United States toward such a peace
that Germany acceded to America's in
terpretation of into, ivationnl law and
prompted tho terms hud down by Presi
dent Wilson under which tho kaiser's
submarine warfare should be conducted.
This statement of Germany's attitude
and tho primary object of tho memor
andum presented by Ambassador Von'
Bernstorff yesterday, was made to the
United Press today. The statemont,
cminnting from the German embassy,
came from an authoritative, through
Germany believes she has a common
cause with the United States in her
struggle for freedom of the sens. Six
months ago peace might havo been ob
tained by the allies by granting to
German'y the single right for which f
imperial government maintains it is
Since lien, however, Poland has been
conquered, and with the Russians driv
en from the ancient kingdom, the pro
vision of Polish freedom is added to
German' terms for peace.
Continuing, the informant of the
United Press said the allies must ans
wer to civilization not only for the in
ception of the yar, but for each hours
continuance of the conflict. A year
from now poace will bo possible only
through greater concessions from the
allies powers as German's victories and
conquests will have mounted higher..
It was roiterated that Germany hns
never wanted war, that the imperial
government is, and has been, willing
nt any hour since August last to make
advances toward an honorable peace.
Settlement of the principle nt issue
between Germany and the" United
States in the submarine controversy
was regardod as secondary in tho pre
sentation of the note to the state de
partment yestordny, it was stated. From
this same source it was declared that
possible developments, of a pence na
ture arc looked to optimistically as a
result of possible activities of the
United States, following the accoplance
of American principles.
It was pointed out that tho financial
situation confronting the allies uiuke
the present moment propitious for a
move toward peace.
May Assist Wilson's Program.
Whether or not the administration
wns depending ou success in its tiegotia
(ions with Germany to help President
Wilson' in putting through his own par
Press of United States Hails
Outcome As Great Diplo
New York, Sept. 2. Highest praise
W President Wilson as a result of his
diplomatic victory in the submarine
controversy' marked the comment of
Wen York papers toduy. The Times
declared the world would credit the
president with a triumph which will
"nng mm great distinction and added:
"President Wilson is In a position to
my with the fervor of full conviction
hat 'truth is might and will prevail.' "
The Morning World snid: "President
Wilson 'a patient, but unyielding devo
tion to the vital principles of law and
humanity has brought peace with lion
t from the German crisis."
Morning Oregotiinn, Portland, Ore.:
"K nliti.;..! s ) -
nckii'oH lodgement of the principle for
which he has contended, regarding sub
marine warfare, President. Wilson hus
on a distinct and important diplo
( Tacnmn tribune, Tacoma, Wush.:
'This is the greatest diplomatic vic
tory of the war. It Is a triumph for
he firm, honest, steadfast policy which
President Wilson has pursued from the
Vallejo Tribune, Vallejo, Cal.:
FOR FRUITS OF
ticular army and navy program, poli
ticians from all groups united in the
opinion today that this was emphatical
ly the result of the president 's diplo
matic victory in the submariue con
troversy. It was contended the expansion ex
tremists had been robbed of much of
their thunder by the demonstration
that even a very threatening contro
versy can bo settled p'-acefully if there
is a disposition to settlo it thus. The
ultra-pacificists, who thought President
Wilson's attitude was too dictatorial
have also been given a big setback in
the demonstration that this aimed cor
rectly toward an amicable agreement,
it was declared.
With the developments of the r.nsr
few days, political circles are 'uvinced
that the administration pUus a middle
course between the big and little urmi'ip
and navy advocates in carrying out its
prepared St. program.
- Guesses which have been ninde as to
tlii- number uid kind of wi-'liips wan'
ed are nly guesses, it 'has beeu st'ilirt
repeatedly, It Iibb further ben diet
ed on high authority that pi-istims us
to tin r.imlCT of Eoldicn. the reserve
strength, nn.l increase in the unvy were
still "in hand."
But one thing has been admitted by
members of the cabinet and senate and
house leaders with whom President
Wilson has talked.
Tho administration' is opposed to
"extravagant" expenditures in the in
terests of national defense, which, it
holds, may be carried beyond tho point
of reasonable nocessity. That is, the
administration considers $500,000,000
tho sum frequently mentioned by the
ultra expansionists, as too much.
WHAT DOES GERMANY MEAN..
(By J. W. T. Mason.)
(Written for the United Press.)
New York, Sept. 2. What Germany
means by "freedom of the seas" has
now become the moist momentous ques
tion of the war. Tho statement from
the Gorman embassy today reveals that
freedom of the seas is primary to peace.
Nobody has over explained what this
Sir Edward Grey, British minister of
foreign affairs, suggested last week
that it might mean guarantees against
future warfare. Jf it is that, and Ger
many is willing to give guarantees as
well as insist upon obtaining then),
then freedom of the seas may become a
Hut Germany may mean a pledge that
the British navy shall not interfere
with Germany's foreign trade if there
ever should bo war again.
If this is the meaning Germany would
have to bind herself reciprocally not to
blockade the British Isles. The most
intelligent interpretation is that it
means an agreement to limit operations
in future warfare.
GOWNS CUT TOO LOW,
OAKLAND WOMEN SAY
Oakland,. Cal., Sept. 2. Fash-
ion having decreed that even-
ing gowns be cut so low this
winter, society women of Oak-'
land decided they won 't wear
them until they have sat in
judgment on the new creations
behind closed doors.
No men aro allowed within
r0 feet of the room in the Ho-
tel Oakland, where the fashion
show is being held today. Tho
doors are guarded by women
guards, and not even bellloys
or pages are allowed to ap-
Twenty of the mnst beauti-
fill working girls iw Oakland
are acting as models. Some of
' the gowns are said to be little
more than bathing suits. .
"President Wilson's first note, drafted
' placed us in a position from which
we could not recede. German need
I for American good will was so great
1 .1 . . ..H.......nltf 0n.t.l trum fl
jTiiar we were i oi uiimu-i biovu -.dangerous
I Sncrnmentn Star, Sacrnmento. Cal.:
'"Wilson's achievement wns made pos
I sible bv the confidence the people have
,in liini'nnd their nblinronce of war ar.'d
everything that is military."
Sacramento T'nion, Sacramento, Cal.:
"President Wilson's victory has left
no uniweusanr reminders ii m"
United States or Germany."
Sacramento Bee, Sacramento. Cat.:
"Germany probably fears the Almighty
American' dollar that would flow mure
freelv to the allies."
Los Angeles Tribune: "luhecding
the shouts nnd cries of tho jingoes,
President Wilson steadfastly hus pur-
i i.:. .....UIikt a settlement of
SUCH inn tii,. , nu. - .. - -
disputes that would comport with the
(Continued on Page Three.)
U. S. cavalry at Brownsville, Texas;
General Frederick Funston; map
showing location of present border
With Mexican bandits crossing the
international boundary line at sev
eral points in the vicinity of Browns
ville, the Texas border situation re
mains tense. General Frederick -Funston
has an army of 1,7,000 men
scattered along the border, and is
expected to ask for more if the situ
ation grows worse. The rading Mex
icans apparently have a more com
plete organization than the first out
breaks indicated. The movement of
the raiders, said to have for its pur
pose the winning back of a portion of
Texas formerly Mexican territory,
has gained alarming headway, and
tho rinders apparently have a plenti
ful supply of funds. Thousands of
Texas women and children are flee
ing the border counties to escupe the
danger'- incident to the Mexicans''
CIVILIANS HA VE ARMED
El Paso, Texas, Sept. 2. Posses of
civilians and deputy sheriffs were mo
bilized at Hot Springs today as a re
sult of reports thut 100 Mexicans had
crossed the border near there. Sherii
Edwards left Sierra Blanca immediately
on receipt of the report but no word
had been received early today as to
whether the Mcxicanls had been turned
All border points aro being watched
closely by American troopB, deputies
and civilians from various ranches to
day. It is feared Mexican bands may
attempt raids on American property in
revenge for the killing of General Oro
zco and his four companions ou Mor!
day. Funeral servii-ua for tho dea(
Mexicans were to bo held hero toduy,
but every effort had been made to pre
vent the time and place of the servioet
from becoming known, to avoid -demon
Extrn police and a company of in
fantry patrolled the city today whil
tho international bridges were closely
wutched. Armed men guarded tho un
dertaking establishment 'to which lh
bodies ot Orozco and his companions
were taken last night, following theii
arrival here by trajn from Vanhorn.
Volleys Are Exchanged.
San Benito, Texas, Mept. 2. Several
volleys were exchanged near h.re to
day between civilinns and about twenty-five
Mexicans who had set fire to
the railway bridge, 14 miles north ot
Brownsville. The nutomobilo in whip
the Americans bore down on tho Mex
leans was hit several times, but no one
' Infantry officers arriving here on a
ipecial train fouud dynamite, wired and
ready for firing under the railroad
bridge. ' Tho bandits were forced to
flee before they had time to set off
the explosives. A cavulry troop from
Brownsville found all telephone lines
on both sides of the city cut, and it is
believed Iho Mexicans intended to at
tuck Snn Benito after cutting off re
inforcements by burning the bridge.
Soldiers and civilians lire trailing the
Mexicans this afternoon.
Santa Rosalia Seized.
Sun riicgo, Cal., Sept. 2. Dispatches
received Ihth today confirmed a report
tiiat Snuta Kosiuiu, an important place
in Lower Culifnriiiii, had been seized
bv a (arrnnza force. Snnta Kosaliu
was occupied Augunt 27 by IflO Carrun
r.tk soldiers under Major Angulu, gover
nor of I,al'az. They arrived on tho lug
Pneifico and drove out tho Villa force
which wns holding Snnta ltosalia Isl
snd, where the country is barren and
Major Angola gave fun VillUtss 10
days' in which to surrender before op
erations to take them would be started.
It is believed that they have no means
of cscae. Santa Hosalin is the site or
a Inrge copper mine, controlled by
French capital, and employing at times
It l reported that General Dieqtin'.,
of the t arrunza furccj, is now at M
1 - - s
zatlau with 1000 men. The Mexican
gunboat Guerrero has gone to Salina
1,'ruz to bring more troops to Mazatlan
as soon as possible. Military exports
believe this massing of troops is pre
liminary to an efl'urt of Carrnnza to
control Sonora by nu attuck from tho
Mexicans Burn Bridge.
Brownsville, Texas, Sept. 2. A hi
band of Moxicans burned the railwny
bridges between Brownsville and Sail
Benito, Toxns, last night while making
a dash along the border to attack tlu
lattor town, according to advices here
Infantry and cavalry, together with i
posso of civilians, are in pursuit of the
bandits on a special train. Tho Mex
icans are expected to reach Sun Beniu
Thirty Mexicans were encountered by
a detachment of envnlry today on the
Alice road. They flod and outdistanced
the troopers. Heinfcireomonts have been
sent out to the American troops from
Orozco Buried at 1 Paso
While Soldiers Stand Guard
EI Paso, Texus, Sept. 2. While police
and reinforcements of American sol
diers stood guard, tun'entl services were
held here this afternoon over the bod
ies of General Orozco and his four
Mexican companions killed early thi.i
week by ranchers.
Hundreds of Mexicans thronged
about the morgue, but there were no
disorders. It wus fcarod demonstra
tions might be attempted. General
Villa today wired relatives of General
Orozco stating he would guarantee them
safe conduct through his territory with
tho body of the dead leader. "Enmity
ends with death," Villa wired in giv
ing assurances that Orozco 's body
could be safely taken through his ter
ritory if burial wns resired in Mexico.
Japanese Troops Will
Not Go To Foreign Soil
Washington, Sept. 2 Japanese troops
will not be sent to foreign soil unless
the nation's integrity is threatened, it
was stated at the Japanese embnssy
hero today'ln response to reports that
Japan would aid t lie allies in the Dar
danelles. The allied powers have not
asked Japanese l'r help in the near
east, it was stated.
TURKEY NOT FOB PEACE
Constantinople, Rent. 2. It
wns officially denied today
that Turkey 1 considering a
separate peace, offered the
Moslem government by the
First game R. H. E.
Philadelphia 3 5 1
New York 17 1
Chulmers and Burns; Tesreuu and
Second gnmo R. H. E.
Philadelphia 2 8 0
New York 0 7 0
Alexander and Killifor; Mathewson
and Wendell. Si-hupp replaced Mathew
son. R. H. E.
Brooklyn .'..10 11 1
Boston 1 B 0
Pfei'fer and Met 'arty j Rudolph, Da
vis and Gowdy. Barnes replaced Do
vis. R. H. K.
St. Louis 7 2
Pittsburg 2 11 5
Poak and Snyder; Kelly and Gibson.
R. H. E.
Philadelphia 3 7 1
Ruth and Cadv; Knuwlson and Lapp.
R. H. E.
New York 1 0 0
Washington 0 4 1
Shawkcy and Nunaniuker; Harper
R. If. K.
Chicago 8 3
Detroit 8 12 2
Russell ami Mayer; James and Stall
age. I)n vis replaced Russell, Oldhnin
B. H. E.
Cleveland 2 ! 1
St. Louis 4 0 3
Jones, lirenlon ami O'Neill; Louder
milk and Seveioid.
Buffalo 1 7
Sciituu und Ituriilen; Bedient
Baltimore 2 3
Brooklyn i 1 8
Suggs ii tul Owens; Bluejacket
St. Louis 4 8
Pittsburg 3 i)
Crnndnll and ( hapmaii; Knetzer
Berrv. Hartley replaced Chapman
KniiHus Cilv 2 9
Met onneil and Wilson; Muiii and
fair, warmer vx
Copt near the
Russian Counter Attacks Have
Advices Assert, With Heavy Losses to Austro-Germans
Berlin Reports Fall of Outer Defenses of Grodno
British Submarines Sink Turkish Transports at Dardan
ellesFrench Aviators Continue Activity In West
Potrograd, Sept. 2. Despite prodigious
efforts of tho Austro-Gormnn forces,
General Ivnnofi's armies have escaped
from the latest trap set for them.
Tho fortress of Lutsk was evacuated
with scarcely any lots of mon or guns,
dispatches stated here today, while the
Slavs moving upon the fortress of
Dubno have japturod 10,000 of the
Tho Austro-Germun plan to pierce tho
Russian line in this section and roll up
General Ivanoff's flank in Gulicin has
been brokon. Tho Slav lino has been
ro formed and is again prepared to of
fer stubborn resistance.
It is estimated that the Austro Ger
man forces engaged in tho (inlicinn
campaign now number 500,000 men.
That complete ovacuuticn of Galicia
may bo noceseary owing to tho enomy 's
superiority in men and munitions is
admitted, but the prosent retirement
in the Strypa region ie being mado with
exceedingly light ktwos, it is declared.
On the other hand, heavy lossos aro
being suffered by tho Austrinns and
Germans. The liusuian counter attacks
are declared to bo eft'octivo in chock
ing tho Toutonic. advance temporarily
while the main SMuv forces withdraw
and. in thBO engagements the enemy
Ou tho northern end of 'the battle
front, it is admitted tho Germuns have
drawn nearer Grodno, but elsewhere no
important change 18 reported.
In some quarters tho capture of
Lutsk by the Austrinns Is regarded as
an indication that the Teutonic forces
aro to movo upon Kiev. Tho more pre
valent belief, However, is that tho real
objective is Petrograd.
Outer Defenses Fall.
Berlin, vin wireless to London, Sept
2. Tho outer defenses of tho fortress
of Grodno havo been captured by the
Germans, it wns announced tulay. The
full of tho fortress is now belioved to
The north German landwehr yester
day stormed Fort Four, north of the
Dombrowo-Grodiio roail, and captured
tho garrison tho official statement said.
Another fort was captured by Baden
troops. Tho Russians then' evacuated
the remaining outer defenses upon the
Submarine Which Sunk Arabic
Taken By British Is
Now York, Sept. 2. Tho submarine
which torpedoed the liner Arabic was
captured bv tlie British, and not sunk,
according to tho story brought hero to
day by omenrs ot tlie vvnite mar nner
Adriatic. This report of tho fate met
Germany Admits Indemnity
Must Be Price of Peace
(By J. W. T. Masoii.)
(Written for the I'nited Press.)
Nuitf Vnrli K..i,l (lerinaiiv has
recognized Sir Kdward Grey's charge
that she is seeiung tniiuions hit price
No dmiiul of the charge has been
made. Instead, German newspapers
itinnl 1-liiirliiml with liiiint ninro feur-!
fnl of paying (Icriniiiiv an indemnity i
t II n il ot seeing file nines lose uny un-
rilorv. This is declared in Berlin toi
be tin) reason the British are so anger
ed nt. tho mention of " tribute."
This argument, however, is not. legi
timate. Great Britain, with her grip
on tiie colonies Germany him lost ami
with her sin nst'lil blockade of ship
ping, certainly is not in a xsltinii of
disadvantage. There cim be m levy
ou England or seizure of British terri
tory either under the iircsent conditions
or 'under any at nil likely to arise be
fore (lie eniicliisiuii of the war.
The Berlin newspapers nro not ignor
ant regarding theso facts. They, are
probably attempting confuse the Is--..ii'nv.l.iiif
ttiili'iiinitlps. ir else to
create luturuuliunul excitement luid!
Been Effective So Petrograd
advance of additional German forces
on the western front.
East of Bilaowieska, a crossing of
tho Swisloeso and Makawowice nvera
was forced by tho Gormaus, the state
ment added. In this engagement 3070
prisoners were taken.
Ono thousand additional prisoners
were taken by Prince Leopold's forces
who cut their way through tho. north
eastern border of tho Bialowieska -forest
nnd crossed tho Jusiolda river. East
of Brest-Litovsk, Field Marshal Van
Mackensen crossed the Muchavesz river
on a wido front, tho statemont said. .
On the western front trenches winch
were lost on tho Lingokopf and Baire-
kopf trout hetwoen August 18 and ZJ
were recaptured yostordny, it was stat
ed. Some prisoners captured by the
French woro also retakon. -
Turkish Transports Sunk.
Paris, Sept. 2. British submarine
have sii uk four Turkish transports in
the Dardanelles, it was announced to
Two of the transports were sunk off
Giillipoli nnd two in tho Mngnra Heads, -an
official statement declared.
In addition to tho vessels sunk by tho
British submarines, ono transport , was
destroyed by a French aviutor near
Acba Khillman, the official statement
said. It is not clear whothor this
transport is the second one to be sunk
by a n aviator or is tho same vessel
which was mentioned as being destroy4
cd several days ago.
Capture of a hotly contested position
st itivu Khiih Farta by the British
wns also announced by the war office.
Mombers of Crew Lost.
London, Sept. 2. Three members of
the crew of tho British Btoainer Snvona.
sii uk by a submnrinn, wore reported
missing today and aro believed to have
perished. Sovontodn survivors were
lauded today and told of the destruc
tion of the vessel.
Tho Savonn was a vessel of 1180 tons.
Aviators Bombard Barracks.
Amsterdam, Sept. 2. French avia
tors bombarded the Gorman barracks at
KMorbock, a suburb of Brussels, early
today. Many German snldiuxs nro re
ported .to have been killed.
C(3C9C3f()t)C))t)f( SC iC jC )fC 3 3fC
OFFICIALS ARE MODEST
Hormosa Beach, Cal., Sept. 2.
Bathers nether limbs must be
draped hereafter, according to
the edict of tho city trustees to-
duy. The trustees object to
men 's legs, which they say come
under two classes, "'skinny"
and "knotty." Men's legs, in
the opinion of tho trustees, aro
iruleed loathsome objects, and
there may be no cry of "class
legislation," female .limbs also
come under the law requiring
draperies on the strand.
by tho submarine iB current in Liver
pool, the officers snid.
No intimation has come from the
government that, the submarine was
captured, ono officer of tho Adriatie
said, but this was declared to be in
linn with a plan of trn) admiralty to
"show up'' Germany. According to
(Continued o Pajf Five.)
trepidation so as to reap the benefits
of the reliction in Germany's favor if
sho announces that, she does not want
tribute. Tiiere is a hint in the North
Ocrmnii (Inetto that the latter theory
niny be right.
lint it is not legitimate to infer that
this will be tho outcome. Germany
knows the allies now Imlievo her to be
fighting for tribute. As long lis that
ImpreHnioii is allowed to remain uncor
rected, it will be ussuined by tho ullies
that it is true. If it Ui true, there will
certainly be no pence until ono side or
the other Is so exhausted financially
that all possibility of obtaining indem
nity would iuive vanished.
Thus, since, exhaustion rather than
tribute is preferred by all the belliger
ents, tho idea of levying tribute really
defeats Itself. No tribute that is, no
tribute worth fighting for can be col
lected from n nation that Is bankrupt.
To persist In the demand for tribute,
therefore, under present conditions,
menus to persist in finhting the war to
a devastating end. This will leave the-
victor scarcely better ofr than tho an
ipiisiied. . i