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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 26, 1915)
VflTL -Hi "A YKw Ml iW- (i
IMlGfi) smmti I iiimiim
OVER 3800 DAILY
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 26, 1915
ON TRAINS AND NEWa
PRICE TWO CENTS
8TANDS FTVT3 OENTt
BY GERMAN INVADERS
Objective of Field Marshal V on-Mackensen Is Attained By
This Victory, According to Advices From Berlin-Great
Raid Into Germany Made By Sixty French Aviators Who
Drop 150 Bomhs
Berlin, via wireless to Sayville, Aug.:
26. Brest-LitovBk, tbe main fortress
base of t ho Russian field armies, has
been captured, it was announced today.
The Russian surrendered last night
after part of their defensive works had
been stormed. This official statement
from the war office announcing the
fall of the fortress said:
"The fortress of Brest-Litovsk has
been taken by German and Austro
lliiiignrinn troops. .
"Our forces stormed the works on
the western and northwestern front and
entered the centor fortress last night.
The enemy thereupon surrcudrd."
Hrst-Litovsk has been the objective
of Field Marshal Von Mackensen since
(he capture of Lemborg. It is 120 miles
ast of Warsaw on the Bug river and is
(lie junction point of several important
railways. Tho town was strongly forti
fied and was selected by the Russian
general staff to sorve as the base for
(he Slav armies when it became evident
that the fall of Warsaw was inevitable.!
Field Marshal Von Mackensen ad
vanced from the south against Brest
Litovsk. Ho declared northeastern
Oalicin of the Russians, thrust them
liack across the Polish border and then
pressed on to Lublim. . With the cap
lure of this point he advanced steadily
upon Brest-Litovsk, though the move
ment of the Austro-Germans in this re-
fiion was without any support until
nftor Warsaw was captured.
Following this victory Prince Leopold
ndvanced eastward through Praga,
Novo Minsk and Siedlee and within the
past week has been aiding Vou Mack
ensen 's forces hi the nttaek upon Brest
Litovsk by assaults from the west and
north. xWltH the two forces oporating
n gainst the fortros.i, it was practically
Having hackod his way, toward the
railway through tho Russian rear guard,
General Von Qallwitz was within eight
miles of Biolostok early yesterday. The
Mnvs were still offering stubborn re
sistance to the Gorman advance when
(he last official disnatciies
They wore slowly withdrawing directly
1 L. - . 1 1 i - , . a ... . "
iu me eust; instead or railing back upon
(lie city, however. This was boliovcd
lation is approximately 50,000.
Vast sums of money were spent at
Brest-I-iitovsk by the Russians, who re
garded conquering of the fortress as
practically impossible. The threat of
the Austro-Germuns against it became
really Bcrious oftor Warsaw was cap
tured on August 5.
Some military critics rated Brest
Litovsk as of more strategic import
ance than Warsaw. Its capture makes
the surrender of the entire Kovno-Brest-Litovsk
line imperative and the
fall of the fortresses of Biolostok and
Grodno is now expected at any time.
The Russians who retreated from the
fortress base are believed to be with
drawing to the east and northeast.
Their right wing is protected by forests
on the north while their left is guarded
by marshes and swamps which seriously
delayed the. advance of . the Austro
Germans. The easo with which Brest -Litovsk
was captured caused the greatest sur
prise. The direct attack against the
fortress had been in progress only a
few days. Although tho initial statement-from
the war office made no an
nouncement of the numbor of prisoners
taken, it is beiieved several thousand
must, have been capturod, as Russian
strategy did not contemplate the sur
render of the f ortross for at least a
The Slavs had firmly counted on
Brest-Litovsk as thoir baso after "War
saw fell, No other city possesses the
railway and nr.tural advantages for an
important base uoarer than. Moscow or
Petrograd. It had the transportation ad
vantages, not only of several railroads
but of 'the Buj river, which is navig
able. ..- . -;
Great French Aerial Said.
Paris, Aug, 20. Sixty-two French
aviators bombard od the Gorman muni
tion factories at Dillingen, Bavaria, in
the greatest aerial raid of the war, the
war office announced today.
The great flotilla of aeroplanes
dropped 130 bomba upon the munition
fae'orics, the cominuniquo stated. Of
this number 35 wcro of 'large calibre
nnd nvA hnlinvpfl tn nnvA Hnnn errant
to indicate preparations have been made' damage. Tho aviators flew more than
for tho evacuation of Binlnstnlr flnlll00 miles and return from their base
that once the outer defenses of the citv
are reached, it will bo taken with com
paratively little fighting. With its
capture, the Gormans will hold the en
tire 110 milea of the Warsaw-Petrograd
railway from the Polish capital to Biol
ostok. A pnrt of this line is already
in their hniuls.
C ontinued sntinfaetory progress s be
ing made on both extremes of the battle
front, reports here today declared. Gen
oral Von Kichorn is steadily pressing
forward against Vilna, while Field Mar
li.il Von Mackensen and the Bavarians
of Prtnce Leopold are tightening their
ring about Brest-Litovsk.
The fortress of Brest-Litovsk is one
of tuo greatest in Europe. It is at the
confluence of tho Bug and Mukhovets
fivers, 120 miles from Warsaw. Rail
ways intersect there from Odessa, Kiev,
Moscow, Vilna and east Prussia. Tt is
one of the oldest cities of Russia, being
'".'iiimiieri as early as lusu. The popu
BAVARIAN FRINCE PLAYS EIG P ' T DRIVE ON RUSS
. J-v l
V9 XM'frv VftA
:. A -...y
In wake of Teutonic armies in I'olaiul; Prince Leopold of Bavaria (arrow) directing attack on Warsaw.
Prince Leopold of Bavaria is playing an important part in the great Russian campaign, though his general
ship is outshone by that of von Hindenburg and von Mackensen. It was Leopold who led tho first German forces
into Warsaw. The accompanying picture of him and of members of his staft waa taken just before Warsaw felL
in the Vosges. Nover before have such
a great number of aviators participated
in a raid.
Tho official statement today also con
firmed the Berlin report of Offenburg
having been attacked by a French avi
ator. No mention was made, however,
of tho result of thin raid.
About Souchoi!, Neuville and Roye
bomb fighting is still in progress, the
statement added, but no important in
fantry attacks have been made. In the
Argonno operations are confined to
Dillingen is a town of 7000 popula
tion, -8 miles northwest of Augsburg.
German Aviators Attack French,
Berlin, via wireless to London, Aug
20. Gorman aviators attacked the
French aviation base of Nancy yester
day. Four French aerial raiders were
destroyed in the Saair valley the war
office announced today.
OF PMER FREE
ft I t m m
e Schneider Keleased
After Giving Explanation
fi!iy, lnd., Aug. 0. After belna
into custody as a suspoet, Ooarge
fi' linoider wr.i released by the police
J'Pr" Mny and cleared of anv connec-.
with the miirdor of Rev.' Kdmuml
ivniscr, the Luthernn minister Blain in
hl,,o Tuesday night. Schneider told
" "traightforward story to the police,
"fliivmcing them ho hud 110 knowledge
of the crime.
'''' of Poli(,c nntr- to'lny declar
1 ' K'a'Pf nd Schneldor were ri
n U for the leadership of the German
'"Jinny here. Schnolder's face is bruiv
Ji nd scratched and Heint declared
"' told relatives ho was in a fight Tuci
"V; It was on Tuenlay nightJ'uat the
minister's body was found. Tht'so cir
fiiitnnces led to hi arrest.
, woman tr whom Rev. Kaiser is said
" hve ,a,j ,0,ns attention is to be
"stioned by the police lnd fiMleral in-
Viators here, hut it U n hallnvml
J?at JlwrP were other causes back of
slaying of tho minister tl.au his
-in upression of svmiiathv for Ger-
"Jndsomely, presnmablv from profits
w mlM to Germans of loU arouud his
""""J. lie is mid to have confided
Note Replying To Proposals
of Allies Said To Be High
BRIDGEPORT IS IK
to tho postmnster that he had been
threatened because o charging one set
tier more than another for lots.
I?ev, Kaiser's murdorers plotted his
death in a church yard within a stone's
throw of the minister's homo, according
to the storv told the police by a woman
neighbor this afternoon She said she
heard (wo men and a woman discussing
plans fo: alnyinjf Kaistr while concealed
behind n tombstone.
A chauffeur reported to the police
that he saw two men on the edge of
the cemeterv answering the description
given by the woman informant.
Threatened Strike of
Welsh Coal Miners Off
After Leaders' Conference
rardiff. Wales. Aue. 20. After a
conference with Federation officials the
1,000 cool miners of Hafod who went
on strike yesterday returned to work
today. The mine operators declared
all dnnger of a general strike such as
was threatened several weeka ago had
It is understood the federation of
ficials advised the strikers to return
pending a conference in London be
tween union leoders and Minister of
Munitions Lloyd-George. The men
afniftk liecfluse thev alleged the agree-
mnt under which they returned to
work after the reccrft walkout was not
being lived up to.
Two Thousand Stnkt.
Cardiff. Wales, Aug. 20. - Two
thousand miners in tho Llunthllleth dis-.:-f;n,i
tith the award In the
iriri UIWHUOHf ...... - .
.tr.ir trilled out today. The
rrrviiip oh'm ,,-..- - - , . .
employes In two other coiienes Hu '
the sum tim. 1
London, Aug. 20. Serbia has taken
an important step toward securing tlie
aid of other Balkan powers in an attack
on Constantinople, it was widely report
ed in diplomatic circles today,
The Serbian note, replying to the
proposals of the allies for concessions
to Bulgaria, has reached the Italian for
eign office, an J while it does not con
tain an iuuualiiied agreement to cede
Serbian Macedonia to Bulgaria, it pla
cates Italy, according to usually well
informed circles. This paves the way
for a second step in the Ballina nego
tiations through which tho allies hope
to secure the aid of Bulgaria.
It is understood Serbia has indicated
in the note to the allies that the Nish
government is not averse to making the
desired concessions to Bulgaria, If some
nssurnnces are given Serbia in return.
The Serbian note is not believed to be
final. It was pointed out that If the
Nish government had made a definite
answer to the proposals of tho allies,
the reply would probablv have been
sent simultaneously to all representa
tives of tho quadruple entente. It was
forwarded only to Italy.
It is understood in Kome that Serbia
is not disposed to combat Italy's claims
in Alhnnia. There 11 lis been some trie
tion between the two governments as
a result of Serbia's occupation of Al
banian territory, but with Nish recog
nising Italian rights in that country,
prospects were regarded as brighter tor
Bulgaria and Serbia agreeing upon
terms which will insure Bulgaria's yu
tranco Into the war.
There was no confirmation here to
day of a report to the Times that Aus
tria and Germany hnd notified Bulgaria
they intended to traverse Bulgarian ter
ritory in a new invasion or rvrtna.
Washington Post: Our idea of
American who Is slow to Me a bint
is una that haog around ui.iil Villa
orders jiim nut of Mtite.
Tea Thousand Men and Wo
men Walk Out 'Demand
ing More Pay
HAITI ACCEPTS TERMS.
Washington, Aug. 2fl. That
President Oartigtieiiave's Hal
tien government will accede to
the demands of the United
States for tho estnblisiiment of
protectorate in Haiti was re
garded ns certain today.
It was pointed nut Dartlgue
nave could wereely refuse with
out ending his regime inasmuch
as the rebels would now rise up
against him except for the pres
ence of American marinas.
Bridgeport, Conn., Aug. 20. Bridge
port is strike bound today.
Upwards of 10,000 men and women
are out, practically all demanding in
creased wages and an eight hour day
and a half dozen industries of the city
are all but tied up.
Girls employed in three corset factor
ies struck today. Kight thousand men
employed in munition mnnufacturin'g
plants arc out and a strike of 1,000
the department stores. In addition the
employes of the New Haven railroad
woaring dirty linen and growing whisk
ers as tho result of a laundry workers
and barbers strike. Twenty burlier
shops in the city arc closed.
Only four arrests have been made So
far in tho various strikes. The men
were taken into custody about tho
Crane Valve company where a clash oc
curred between strikers and patrol
Bricks were hurled in the fight but
no one was reported seriously injured.
The desire of the workers to share
in the proserity which has come to
Bridgeport ns the result of the muni
tion manufacturing is attributed ns the
cause of the strikes. Jitney bus drivers
showed their sympathy with the strik
ers toduy by refusing to carry non-union
workers or strike nrenitcrs.
ON FRENCH FRONT
Trip of Inspection Along Bat
tie Line Is Turned Into
' Real Ovation
GERMANS DO NOT WANT
AMERICA IN CONFLICT
Request For Delay In Arabic Decision Taken To Mean
That United States Will N?tBe Antagonized-Ambassa-dor
Bernstorff Calls On Se cretary Lansing ' and Holds
Conference-Statement From Berlin Not Yet Received ;
By Charles P. Stewart. 1 answer no questions upon loaving the
ur,':.,i t.. on n..,,v state department, but it was expected
not want the United States drawn into he would see newspapermen later. .
the war. Officialdom Is satisfied on' Secretary Lansing also declined to re
that point, which was the outatauding veal tho nature, of the conference. He
feature in the international situation "' ho did not, expect to see President
tnii i Wilson to discuss Ins meeting with the
IU I ! 1 I. kJInnJ thn Umnnn
It was tacitly admitted it nad Dcon ..."-".
feared Germany desired tho participa- ambassador merely followed up his ra
tion of this country. If this was Gor- V the United States suspend
ninny's desire, it would be hard for the
American government to koop out.
Tho reouest of Ambassador Von llern-
stoiff, that the United States delay ac
tion in the Arabic case until reports
could bo received from Berlin largely
removed thiB apprehension and tho con
fercuce between Secretary ot
' I. ..I 1.. ttA ArnHit rniiA' TWimlillff
jiiuKniiMtK tu i n
receipt of roports from Berlin, by giv
ing tho secretary of state yorbal assur
ances of Germany's good intentions.
Bernstorff g Assurance.
Washington, Auir. 28. Tt wns reliably
State ! reported this afternoon that in his con-
Lansing and the Gorman ambassador to-jferenco with Secretary of State Lansing,
dav is understood to have oliminated it Ambassador Von Bernstorff gave as
entiiely. ""ranees that Germany will limit hor
So far as tho situation growing outi sunmnruio acuvmea uuu piw;u..nj
pledged thut no more Amoricans will be
harmed in any circumstance.
Germany'n Statement. , .
By Carl W. Ackorinan.
Berlin, via The Hague, Aug. 20 Ger
many's position in the Arabic case,
based on the facts so far received, waa
lnid before tho state department in
Washington today. It is belioved the
cise for tho areatost diplomacy, It is ; first expression from the Imperial gov-
n ttrnntii.nl nnrriiiTiT.v 11 win urn iii'UL Liuuuuii jiiuwa.
of tho sinking of the Arahia is con
cerned, it is not pretended that any
nrocress was mndo today, as Germany
does not know the details of tho destruc
tion of the liner.
There is uo longer any serious doubt
felt by anyone, however, that a settle
ment will be accomplished peaceably.
Though tho incident may result in ex
tended exchanges and can or tne exer
not end in a fignt.
The stato department had not ro
coived up to noon today the report of
Ambassador Gorard on hifl eonforence
with Foreign Minister Von Jagow yea-1
terday. It is bouevcu mo amuuiwimur a
report, cabled Inst night, may even go
turtnor lowaru ciuunns ii( n
will pave tho way for a settlement of
Tho American ambassador filed a long
code cable to Washington last night,
following a conference with Foreign
Ministor Von .Tugow. .Ho would not
discuss tho contents of the mossage to
th Washington government, but ex
pressed tho belief that the situation
- following tno nnir nour . .".. . . ,. ,kit, nt th Ara
between Lansing and Ambassador Von ; f ",:'. H,n. without a break
Bernstorff it w, reported 0
noon that Germany had draftod a reply . t . , t ? t) . t of 80V.
to the latest' American note regarding "''"' " ." ' V "
.1 .!l..J 1 XT., n a Pi m .n fl 1 i t M ni- th HUH llonatD i
T.110 ljllSllllHltl. lll tuiuiuiwHvii v..; , -.iT..l.:..
roport could bo obtained.
Washington, Aug. 20. Count
forwarded to Washington regarding tho
Arabic. Ambassador Gorard loft
luncheon party to moot Von Jagow at
the foreign offico yoBtorday and thia
m I. .. 1 .1. UrinU.iini rt a
conrorenco niaraeu ino wkiiu"s vl "
MESSAGE IS RECEIVED.
Washington, Aug. 2(1. A code
cable wns received at the state
department this afternoon from
Ambassador Oernrd. It was be
lieved to be the ambassador's
report on his conference with
Foreign Minister Von Jagow.
By William Phillip Sluims.
(United Press stuff correspondent.)
1'aris, Aug. 20. King Albert, the
Belgian's brave monurch, was accorded
a remarknblo tribute by tho French
Boldiers on his first trip of inspection
along tho French front which just end
ed. His two duys' tour from Arras to
the Vosges wus a continued triumphal
procession, amid tho cheers of the
King Albert returned tho visit of
President Poincure to the Belgian lines.
Ho motored first to Arms where ho was
met by the president and Oenerul Jof
fre. The monarch wus then escorted to
tho French hendiunrtnrs whero decoru
tion's wcro exchanged by the Belgian
and French leaders.
Tho first troops visited wcro those
holding the line ulong the Aise. Five
regiments were reviewed and in the
presence of tho troops President Poin
euro thanked the king of the Belgians
for his visit to tho French lines. King
Albert wns then tuken' to an observa
tion post from where tt was possible to
view tho French and German front fur
miles. On Monday night, both tho presi
dent and king took a train for the east
ern enil of the. buttle lino and on Tues
day King Albert reviewed the entire
army corps between Nancy and I.une-ville.
Tho king also visited the aviations
e.nmiis and several observation points
I between Nancy and UPont a-moussnn,
i after which he departed for Dunkirk on
ITuesdny night. King Albert expressed
the greatest admiration for tho French
army and its defense.
t i...ve ii.a iin-moM fi Minn null i if if. i Riirii'H or inrormni uiscunniuiiB.
called at tho stato department at 10:30 Germany bus not yet roc.oivod a re-
today for a conference with Secretary port, from tho commander of the sub-
Liimmig marine operating in Irish waters which
The ambassador was closeted with is supposed to have torpodood the Ara-
Lansing for half nn hour. He would blc.
i Brokers Realizing
On Favorable News
Balkan People Pessimistic
Over Dardanelles Campaign
By nenry Wood.
(United Press stuff correspondent.)
Sophia, Bulgaria, July SO (By mail.)
Governmental, diplomatic and mili
tary circles generally throughout the
Balkans have become pessimistic to an
extreme degree regarding tho success
of tho ullies' campaign against the Dar
danelles. The almost unanimous verdict
is that tho action' was both ill-advised
In tho first plnco It is declared the
ullies uiiiiiestionabl underestimated
the strength of the Turks. They are de
clared evidently to have taken into
consideration only tho weakness shown
of a lliissian army on the Black sen.
const north of Constuntinoplo and tho
capture of-that city from tho ('hntnl.jn
lino in tho rear. But here nguin the
luck of quick, energetic action on tho
part of tho allies defeated this plan.
With the arrival of German mile
marines off Constantinople tho Turkish
fleet is now almost equul to the nnvul
strength which Hussiu has at her dis
position in the Pluck sou.
It is known' that for several months
Kiissia has been holding an army va
riously estimated from 200,000 to 400,
000 at Odessa for this descent on the
Black sea coast worth of Constantinople.
By losing, however, tho littlo naval su-
' ' . l .1 ! il... 11I....I.
during tho two Hi Iknn wars aril to have pren.ucy s.io at '
overlooked entirely the regeneration , p thi. now b" " Zln "le
and re-nrgnnmition which has tuken i mpossible. Will o y m"v
place in Turkey since the Young Turks! t might P;'W 4 " t.
secured full control of tho govern-, o. -t
""in 'tho second place the lack of ,p,ic'k, "ould keep open the lin, of u"ie
vigorous, effective action ! the execu- tlon, especially against tho submarines,
tion . the plan of attack is roundly ; nm ary to insure the continuance of
iticised If on tno day tho allies, the operations. Only a prepon, orating
and Friday 1 fair
east, partly cloudy
nd ' occasionally
u n e 1 1 led west
fConvriiht. Illl.1). by tho New York
New York, Aug. 2(1. During most
of today's trading On the stock ex
change, prices were somewhnt of the
character trnditloniilly known as "real
izing on favorablo news."
Thorn were iiiimcroris inrincr u
vanccs in speculative Issues, but stand
ard investment shnres hardly maintain
ed their earlier high lovel, and tho
latter movement, even In the apnnuU
(ivc part of tho mnrket, was Irregular,
though with the usual demonstration In
a few of tho most erratic stocks.
Jt was evident In bsnKlng rirciei
that pressure drafts on London were
umn exceed inn mo cspbcut ur mi.
bombarded the Dardanelles fortifica
tions for the first time, the fleet bus
been sent through the straits regard
less of cost, It is the general Iniiucs
sion hero the Diiidunelles would have
Now the forcing of the straits by (lie
fleet Is regarded as nn absolute Im
possibility, tho Turks havoing had am
ple time to prepare defenses of the
iiii.it nimliirn iind iiileuuuto kind.
naval supremacy such as the allies hare
in the Mediterranean' could do thut.
In general, Kngland, and especially
Churchill, nro blamed hnro both fur the
underestimation of the Turkish strength
and for (he luck of effectivo action.
Tho Hulknns, however, are unanimous
In the belief that the whole campuign
could be turned from a iiimiewhut doubt
ful one into one of certainty by the
Intervention of Bulgaria on behalf of
the allies. Tho whole of the Turkish
nmiiiitr cuui'inni in i .... it..
against the land action on t o peninsula s rang n , my " ' .
11(1 IflU HMirBI oiii v
nf (iiillii.dil. Nut only di
.1 I . 1 .1. ..
linderesliiuato greatly trie iirrngin oi
(he Turks but they allowed ampin time
for tho latter to make up ull of the
weaknesses and defects In their defense
that would have been open to bind
attack made siinuKnrn-mis with the first
bombardment of (he straits lust Feb
ruary Instead of two months luter.
Wliiln it Is not estimated here that
the final rapture of Constantinople by
the land side of Gnllipoll Is utterly Im
possible it Is nevertheless the general
opinion that now that the attack has
been reduced to a basis of trench war
fare and can only be accomplished after
in caiwciiy ur "-,--- ... ..
linifnesi of the market to absorb-not ionK cmmP-.K ... ... ..
an unnatural resin
existing. iii.n.r 'HK 4.; -., ,K (hn nr.l nlan of hc- she
Ion ,ZTg by the . me. tolled for the "la-dlnof h
It, when previously gfound will be fiercely contested,
were aggravated In No secret Is msde In tho Balk a
liimli. I'urt of the cannon that are
now known to fuirly bristlo along the
entire peninsula of (lullipoli are to be
found a goodly portion of tho artillery
thut formerly figured in tho defenses
of Adrlaiioplo and the Chatal.ja line.
The entire province of Thrace from tho
Bulgaria frontier to the gates of Con
stuntinoplo is declared to have been al
most denuded of defense 111 order to
withstand tho attack at tho straits.
That Turkey could not resist still anoth
er nttuc.k on her rear Is ovory where
Unfortunately for the allies, however,
German dililoinucy has so far been sue
cessfut In keeping Bulgaria from muk
ing a decision In their Tavor. wnemer
she will be ablo to do this till tbe enl
war rcinuins to bv soon.