Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, February 20, 1915, Image 1

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Determination That Germany
Shall Not Harm America
Adhered To
British Reply to American
Note Is Received at
Washington, Fob. 20. The United
States government intends to stand
firm in its determination that Germany
shall not hirm American lives or Com
merce In the war none.
Official Information to this effect
wis given tho United Press hero this
nfternoon. Charges and counter c'aargea
in tho English-German hunger war
sho.ild not swerve tho United States
frren its present firm stand, one of the
highest government officials in Wash
ington declared this afternoon. I
The admitted real danger lies in the
fact that the United States may be
come involved In the arguments being
hurled back and forth by flermany and
I'.iigland. It wns also pointed out that
serious trouble is possible as a result of
America s Insistence In maintaining il
dign'ty nil, I rights. Ft wns contended,
uowever, that America will be contin
ually embarrassed unless it nnw takes
a firm and culm position.
Hotn (lerinnny and tingland, it was
pointed out, nre attributing their ad
mitted violations of International law
to each others alleged overt acts, but
(iocs not auect America s rights
"If the government," suid an of
ficiul hero today, "permits such conten
tions to niter her stand, she ultimately
migiit lie ruled off of the sens. For this
reason I believe the United Htntes
should not answer the English and Her
man notes."
Ho held that the Ilritlsh note was un
iinswornble, because Englnnd was with
in her lawful rlnhts In flvl ntr tliA Amur.
icnu flag on her ships as a precaution
ary measure, lie claimed tho Germans,
u.r destroying American commerce,
wnuni in exceeding their rights, and
believed that further reply to Gor-
many would either commit the United
mates to a weakened position or
virtual threat of war.
The same authority also around flinf
America should not be too specific In
its intention to hold Oerninny to "strict
accountability." Some circumstances,
ho pointed out, might wnrrant stronger
retaliation than others. Hence 1m ,1...
dared, the United Slates should merely
maintain the position assumed in It's
original decisions,
Hevcrnl government officials warned
. the nation and the nress to be culm
Htnto department offlcinls would not
indicate wlint would be the next steps,
if any, taken by the stnto department
fount Von liernstorff, the German
ambassador, consulted with Rmirv
of Hlate riryan nnd Counsellor Lansing
this afternoon, ife later reiterated that
Germany does not feel' responsible for
war r.one developments, as It agreed at
the outset of the wnr to abide by the
declaration of London.
English Not KecelvM.
Washington, Feb. 2d. The state de
partment todny received the official
texts of Germany's reply tei the Amer
ican protest regarding extension of the
war none an, tie Ilritlsh reply to tlso
notes regarding use of neutral flags
and the placing of the American steam
er Wllhelminn before a prize court.
The British reply regarding the use
of the American flng by British mer
chantmen shurkml administration of
ficials. They had confidently bel ieved
mat ureat Hrltala woild attempt to
mi li 1 in i ro the lin of the Ht.ir. an, I
Stripes or would abandon the practice
....eiui.r. iiisicau, mo iimi.li foreign
office, In lis reply said. In effect, that
while it would not order commanders ot
its merchants to use the flag. It would
not nop the practice entirely.
Ihn Imrdcn of responsibility fur the Mr. Ostrom nnd his associates expect
destruction by German war craft of to leave Monday for Wntertown, Sou'
iieutnil vessels because British nier- Dakota, n here 'they will be during the
ehantmen may ue neutral flags was month of March. They expect to be In
placm by the British reply oa Ger-1 California during the 'months of April,
tun ny. Muy and June. Mr. Ostrom has nn
The Biltish reply regarding tiie if urgent Invention to give a month or
tentlm of the American steamer Wil- two to the evangelistic work nt the
hclml in, announced prlre court proceed-'sun Francisco exposition grounds which
Eii(rliiu, justifies the detention of he hopes to do some time during the
the vessel because (lerinnny has decided summer.
to seize all supplies of food within that' Tonight nt 7:'I0 the subject will be,
empire. " Which Keligion."
MB (Mil
v "wegian Steamer Bjoerke
jkes German Mine
, and Sinks
Consorship Withholds Details
Concerning English Dis
coveries London, Feb. 20. The Cardiff steam
or Cambank was torpedoed by a Ger
man submarine today and: sunk off
Holy Head.
The Cambank was torpedoed without
warning. The third engineor and two
firemon were killed by the explosion
and one man was ilruwned. 4lLThe re
mainder of the crew were ae;l.
Bjoerke Bunk By Mine.
Copenhagen, Feb. 20. -ffho Norweg
ian stenmer Bjoerke struck a mine and
sank in the North sea today. The late
of the crew was not known.
Tho Bjoerke was ladon with coal
and was en route to Lcith. There is
no doubt that tho mine wbb planted by
I no ucrmnns.
As the result of this disaster, pro'
tests are expected to be forwarded by
tue Norwegian government. A traw
ler rescued the Hjoerke'B crew. They
lectured that the mine was so power
ful that the explosion almost tore the
vessel to pieces,. . s
By Ed L. Keen.
London, Feb. 20. It was known
hero today that tho English channel is
being put rolled by a number of Gor
man submarines, but owing to the ecu
snrship, details as to the number and
tho points where they were sighted
were willilield.
Strong representations from Norway
as a result of the torpedoing of the Hoi-
ridge were expected today. Indications
were that the Scandinavian nations
will act in concert and expocted to
seek tho cooporntion of the United
States. No attempt was mado bv
British officials to disguise the seri
ousness of t lie situation from the. stand
point of a neutral nation.
A number of British newspapermen
(Continued on Pago Five.)
Dr. Henry Ostrom's Meetings
Will Come to Successful
Sunday will be the closing dny of the
United Christian cunipniga which the
twenty federated churches of Salem
have been conducting in the big tuber
nacle at Marion and High streets under
tho lendership of Henry Ostrom, The
morning services will be conducted in
the vnnous churches. The special meet
ings in the tnbernncle will bo the mass
meeting for men only, the third and
Inst in the scries of talks to men, to be
held at three o'clock. Dr. Ostrom will
give his address on "Spending" and
men who have heard It say it it even
greater thnn the addresses given on pre
vlous Sundays. Ia inuny cities he has
heen reipiestcd to repent the address.
Hie Sunday evening service in the tub
t rnncli will be the farewell meeting of
the cnmpalgn. At 0:4!i p. ui, in the
First Methodist church Mr. Ostrom will
address a meeting for women only, pro
ceeding tho farewell service In the tab
ernaele. Speaking of the farewell meet
ings and the closing services of th
campaign Mr. Ostrom said, "We never
nay the revival will close at a speel
t.. tim. l,,, it .ill n.,r n,,.n
if this meeting ia Owl's meeting, ami
I we have cverv reason to believe it i
'It will go right on nnd there will be
urnatvr revival on in Hnlera next wee
than tills week and It will never cense
we trust."
Scenes at
" i "n ; i ' -
' yi.Hts-.pm . ' f i v I
: U Wh 7 ' , ' " Y A s1
BIG PM1MII1 . ' iWL q
President Wilson Presses
Button That Opens Gates
Lane Gives Address .
Exposition Grounds, Baa
Francisco, Feb. 20. Promptly
nt the stroke of noon today,
President Wilson, sitting in the
executive offices in Washing
ton, touched a key thnt trans
mitted a wireless flash which
set the machinery of the Pan
ama Pacific exposition here in
"I can't make this act very drainnt-
ic," said President Wilson ns he pushed
the button which officially opened the
exposition, "but it certainly appeals to
the Imagination if not to the eye."
He shook hands with all the members
of his cnblnet and congratulated the
California senators and congressmen on
the achievement of their state. A few
seconds after ho had pressed the button
the president was handed a brief ac
knowledgement from Snn xrancisco ot
the receipt of his opening flash.
The ceremonies took place in the r.ust
room of the White House. Elaborate
preparations had been made for them,
the president using un ivory key board
studded with gold nuggets, to send the
Opening Exercise.
Snn Francisco, Feb. 20. The Punuinn
Pacific International Exposition opened
its doors to the world here today.
Tho mandate, throwing wide the
gates, camo direct from President Wil
son at Washington, over the new trans
continental telephone line. The mnn-
Inte was in the form of a congratulu
torv message and the president's voice
curried splendidly over the three thous
nnd miles of wire. An electric mega
phone then carried the president 'a
words to every pnrt of the (115 acres
covered by the exposition nnd the big
show was on,
President Wilson was unable to be
here in person to participate in the his
toric cciegration of the completion of
I'nclo Sam's mighty waterway, but he
was represented by a number of his
cabinet Secretary of the Interior Lnne,
a California product.
The crowd attending the opening cer
emonies enmo from the four points of
the compnsi. Exposition officinls es
timated that 800,000 people would puss
through tjia turnstiles before the end
of Ihe dny. It undoubtedly was the
largest crowd ever to a, tend any expo-
att mi in its cpeiii'i:; day. i
Today s ct-U'lu m Ion is not confined
to California alone. Factory whistles
nnd bells in scores of cities mid towns
throughout the United States Jollied ill
with other noise making devices in let-'
ting the country know Hint the Punninn ;
Pacific exposition wns open nnd that
Saa Francisco and California were
readv to etilertnln the people of both'
1 wo years ago President t harles ( ,!
Moure promised that the exposition!
would be complete In every respect on
the opening date and he fulfilled his
promise so far as the exposition was,
concerned, llie Inndscnpe work wns
complete, the courts nnd buildings fin
ished and the exhibits in their places.
(Continued I rem fajje Thiee.)
Panama Pacific Exposition
i my ) i .
V Ijll I, J , y
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. v iv 1 ...
u i .. ir i ii " " i -...i in I, rn -. ini" i in rim
Effort To Force Dardanellas
Begun By Silencing of Forts
By Warships (
London, 41eb. 20. A serious attempt
to force tho Dardanelles and to pre
pare the way for the captura of Con
stantinople is in progress today.
This wns evident this afternoon
when Athens dispatches to London
newspapers and news agencies de
clared the forts on the Asiatic side of
the Dardanelles had been silenced by
the bombardment of warships of the
combined Anglo-French fleet. Most of
these forts were practically destroyed.
The great activity evidenced at Aid
adnilrnlty seems to confirm the belief
thnt the present movement Is of great
Importance to the ullles.
Excitement is reported to run high
nt Constantinople. The Turks are
making elaborate preparations to pro
vent tho passage of the Dardanelles
and all channels have been heavily
sown with mines,
A statement Issued here today by the
British admiralty saldt
"The combined fleet yesterdny bom
barded the fortifications of the Dard
anelles, The forts on the European
side were silenced. The action is con
tinuing today.' '
The admiralty s announcement fol
lows: "The combined fleet wns com
mnnilcd bv Vice Admiral Sackvllle II
Carden. The entrance to the Dardan
elles and Capes llelles and the Kum
Knle forts were all bombarded by long
range guns,
It was plain that a great
; amount of damage was done to the
forts, two of tln'iil being hit with
every discharge of the guns,
'Our guns outranged those of the
(Continued on Page Five.)
The Weather
'tli I IOOK l!K
Oregon. Tonight
sn,l Sunday ruin
west, rain or snow
east portion; enst
sniffing to south
erly winds.
Fern Hobbs Offers to Resign
If Schuebel Bill Passes In
First Form
With only a few hours of the session
remaining in which the legislature
might take action upon its report Sen
ator Dny, boss of tho senate and chair
man of the committee thnt had charge
of spending 15,000 for Investigating
nnd reporting to this legislature con
corning the Uelllo project, mndn a
flimsy report this noon to the state
somite concerning the actions of the
He stated that aftor the project had
been thoroughly genu into they found
thnt instead of some .'10,000,000
dollars as was first suggested by tl
government engineer It was found that
it would rctpiiro upwards of 100,000,
000 to complete tho project. "
When he hnd completed his report In
regard to the work with which the
committee and Day in particular have
been charged with grossly misappropri
ating funds Senntor Duller evidently
being of the opinion thnt some were
displeased with the report although till
only expression of the senate had been
a rising vote of thanks t the senator
made a lengthy speech in which he told
of the merits possessed by Senator Day
and eulnglicd his work as chairman of
this committee stating Hint Ills people
were exceptionally well satisfied with
the tn-Hment accorded them.
Senntor Garland attracted consider
able attention this morning by rending
a letter from Fcra Hobbs tendering her
resignntina uiion the condition that the
senate pass tli o Nclieube) Compensation
bill with amendments lust si it came
from the house. The resignation wns to
be placed in the hands n' the governor
and take effect three months after the
i adjournment of the legislature when the
law should go Into efteet.
Senntor Kiddle, chairman of the sen
ate conference committee stated that It
wns simply a move backed by Governor
West to put the sennte In the hole. The
senate made no changes In Schuebel 's
bill except reducing the number of
commissioners from three to one nnd
nttnehing the emergency Mv.isc, ittit
these minor changes seem to huve
'stirred up great opposition in the house.
- 1 The move is snld by some to result from
the fact thnt .Miss Hobh's sies that she
will lose her position In tin end nnd Is
endeavoring to keep the hends of the
I i .
Attack By French North
Verdun Has Been Re
Sweeping Victories Over
Slavs Are Reported By
Berlin, by wireless to London, Tib.
20. French successes north of Torthes
were admitted by the war offico in
nn official statement this aftornoon. It
was stated that the French, aftor at
tacking along the entire line in thnt
vicinity, had boen able to break
through tho advanced Gorman trenches
at cortnin points. The fighting wis
very violent. It is declared thnt tho en
emy was repulsed at some point but
mm me Dame still rages at others.
i-ossos on Doth sides hava boon heavy.
An attack by the French north
v erdun has been ropulscd.
in the Vosges, the Gormans stormed
a position two kilometers in length on
tho heights west of Sulr.ern and another
at Hoichsackerkopf. Fighting on the
heights north of Muolhach continues
without material advantage to cither
sido. After severo fiirlitinc. tlin (ler.
mans occupied ilotzerlund and linnder
nach. In tho eastern theatre of war the en
emy has been driven back southeast of
Kolno. Elsewhere the situation is un
changed. German Claims Donled.
Paris, Feb. 20. German claims of
successes In the north and in the Cham
pagno and Argonne districts wero con
tradicted in a statement iusued by the
wnr office today.
The statement reviewed the nrmy's
pcrntions for the past ten davs and de
clared that nil tho developments wore
rnvoranie to tho allies. It was charged
uiut mo Herman cinims or successes
wore to continue Its policy of neutral
ity. Despite the bad weather which has
prevailed throughout tho entire line for
iiays, the statement says, tho allies have
niii.lo notable gains,
"Tho French nrtillcry,' " continued
the statement, "Is becoming more nnd
moro effective, while tho German ar
tillery is losing Its power."
Tho report covered nine pnges and
enlngiccd the French nnd British troops.
"Tho German night assaults," suid
the report, "are no longer delivered
with the forco noted earlier in the wnr.
This is believed to be due to the In
creasing number of raw levies placed In
the German ranks."
Tho Germans were reposed, the stnto
mens Bays, with tho heaviest losses they
have suffered in more than a month, in
an attempt to drlvo n wedge In tho
British lines enst of Ypres. Following
a day's bombardment of the allied
trenches nt that point, the Teutons, In
enormous numbers, attnekpil wilt, tlin
Though their front ranks wero wined
out by tho dendly fire of tho allies'
(Continued on Page Five.)
other two commissioners from corning.
English Note Contains News
of German
(By J. W. T. Mason, former manager of
the United BUOea,
New York, Feb. 20. Tho note for
warded to America by Sir Kdward
Gray, England's foreign minister, on
file selr.ure of the Willielmlna a cargo, ducts. The prices of Doin nsn ana
revealed for the first time that Germuu dairy products have advanced more
warships hsvn been capturing merchant-1 thnn any other classes of food in Knjf
men in the North sea. land.
Heretofore it had been supposed that quick dashes by speedy ships cunnot
the llrltish nnvy had kept the German account fur tho German successes. Grey
fleets buttled up except for an occas-1 makes the points thnt the enptured ves
lonal dash to the Knglish coast. Now, sels were taken to a prise court com
however, Grey makes known the fnet , polled to enter German ports. Merch
that a "number of vessels sailing to-juntmen were brought In under their
wards Knglish ports, with cargoes of town steam. Since North sea trading
goods on the German list of cnuilllinii- shins nre not noted for speed, the pro
al contraband, have been seised by Gor-!gress into tho German ports, should, of
man cruisers and brought to German ! necessity, bo slow. How this was ac
prise courts." complisl'ied adds to tho many other na
Grey cited the circumstance to Justl-ivnl mysteries of the war. It Is surpris-
fy Kuglnnd'a action In the Wllhelminn
case. It is or greater interest, how
ever, as aa admission thnt Ocrmnn wnr
ships have been roaming the North sen
ami cnpturlng vessels currying goods to:
Knglnnd. No details of this daring uc-
complishment have beea given, but pre -
sumiihly the captures were mnde not
far from the German const, It is prob -
Unless Some Unexpected
Hitch Occurs Solons
Leave Tonight
Total Will Probably Reach
$8,000,000 Mark By
This is generally accepted to bo th
closing day of tho legislature, although
some unexpected hitch might occur teak
it not now in sight.
A definito and well-defined program
has been mapped out and thoroughly
organized for closing ceremonies which
promises some sensational developments,
and if an attempt Is made to intercept
the carrying out of the program as ar
ranged, the scenes for which have beeo
nil ict and the principal actors In tha
Irama fully conversant with their re
spective lines, it threatens to complete
ly ovcrtnrow the present organization
of the house, and will go down in his
tory as one of the- most spectacular
stunts that has ever been pulled off.
The plans, 11' cailerd eul, will renulll .
in the passage of senate bill 2)9, con
solidating the departments of corpora
tions nnd insurance; senate bill 2rl,
consolidating the departments of state
highway engineer and state engineer,
and sennte bill 312, which given the
governor tho appointing power over all
departments of Btate, nciw under the
control of tho govomor with power to
remove any or all officials at any time
ho may see fit for causo. ,
Appropriation High. ,
If nil bills which havo passed, and
all bills which are pending do pass,
takeu together with the standing or
continuing appropriations left untouch,
oil and the niillane tax appropriations,
the grand total of all appropriations of
tho nresent legislature will reach very
closely the S,0()fl,000 mark, and will be
fully up to, If it does not exceed, the;
total amofint provided by tho last ses
sion, including the standing appropria
tion:!, which was 7p73!i,iii.iHi. ine to
tal amount of continuing appropriations
and millagn tax appropriation now on
the stntiitcs nggregoto approximately,
As a result of this morning and last
night 'a work, the house passed appro
priation bills aggregating a total ot
2,071,4110, laid three bills on the table
carrying nn aggregate of $145,000, and
killed by Indefinite postponement aud
defeat bills aggregating l7 1,400. The
appropriations previously pnssed by the
house, the greatest amount of which haa
been passed by the senate, represent a
total of 1,202,837, iiinklng a grand to
tal of nil npprnprlntlons passed to dat.
of 3,307.303, and thero Is still pend
ing nctlon cither In tho senate or the
house appropriations aggregating ap
proximately 10110, l"4, exclusive of the
(Ciintlinicd from Page Five.)
Activity at Sea
able that both Dutch and Danish ships
have been sei.ed.
The Dutch vessels seized might well
be trawlers currying fish to F.ngluud.
Tho Danish seixures probably were
small merchantmen carrying dairy pro
I Ing that the Ilritlsh navy has been un
able to afford full protection against
the Germnn wnrshlps.
All handicaps ia such an encounter
would be against the Germans. Th
Icapture of North sea merchantmen ia
1 not the least among the laurels Gorman
j seamanship has won la the past sit
1 months.