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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View This Issue
i ft--- f " r" '" "T
.-,.,'.. . A A A. J
TIIIRT.Y-SEVENTH YEAiv a
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 22, 1915
PRICE TWO CENTS ?&B "53
FOUR KILLED AND
NINE INJURED WHEN
Cruiser San Diego Has Severe
' Explosion Following
Annual Test .
LOW WATER IN BOILER
TUBE GIVEN THE BLAME
Accident Occurred Off Coast
of Mexico Last Night
Han Diego, Col.. .Tan. 22. The futnl
explosion on board the United Htntes
'miner Hnn Diego, liup'ship of the
Pacific fleet, off Ouaymas. last niuht
cuno nt the end of tho most severe
f test to winch tinted Slates cruisers
are subjected, it was annoiiuced here
The rrii isor left LnPnza early yes
lordny to begin the annual 24 hour test
inquired of all vessels in the navv.
For four hours of this 24 the cruiser
-fc is under foreed draft, the most, stren
uous test possible. Under foreed draft
the San J)iego is capable of making
It was during this test or soon after
ward, according to naval c ficials
here today, that the explosion 0n board
the Sun Diego occurred. The wireless
station here was not notified until ten
o'clock last niulit. At that time the
San Diego was making her way to
Cunyinas, the medical corps on board
doin all in its power to care for the
The details of the accident received
here were forwarded at once to Wash
ington and tliu order for an official
investigation of the causes which led
up to the accident followed.
, Two ff the victims of the explosion
enlisted in San Diego, anil had seen
service in ihe unvy for only a sliort
time. Oscar .1. Wyatt, whose mother,
Mrs. Sadie Poster, resides in El Centro,
r.ime here from Los Angeles to enlist
three weeks ago. He jjassed thei
dilution for second class fireman
was at once assigned to the San
J 1 1 1 1
A. L. Hordes of Joplin, Mo., en
listed here last September after serv
ing with the United Stales marines
The Fan Diego was formerly the
California. The cruiser was re-christ-toned
the Sail Diego last fall, when It
,vus decided to give the name "Cali
fornia" to a droadnauylit.
Jf Early Report of Explosion.
Wushington, Jim. 22. Four men
were killed and nine seriously injured
by an explosion on board the United
States cruiser flan Diego, off the west
coast of Mexico, at tl o'clock lost night,
according to a dispatch received to
day by the nnvy department. Low
water in a boiler tube caused the ac
cident. The San Diego is the flagship of Ihe
Pioifie fleet. Few details of Ihe dis
aster were given out nt the navy de
partment. Secretary Daniels toilnv ordered an
investigation to fix responsibility for
. The accident was reported by Ad
miral Tloword. The cruiser hail just
completed a speed trial when she mane
21.1.1 knols, and it is believed Mint the
Machinery may have been put to loo
severe a test. It is presumed that Ihe
excitement of the test and- Ihe. possi
ble negligence of the crew iniiv have
let the water net too low. The .lis-
pilch did not give the exact cause nf
the explosion and did not say where it
lie nan I'icno ici r ju ms .minim,
V for Acnpulen.
Cnplnin Ashley U. Robertson is com
Tiiiinilor of the San uiogo.
At. noon the nuw department mn.le
...,1,11.. ..1,.. f.l,vlii,; revised lis. of the
....i ..... :..i,..i.
..-nil 111111 tiiiun-.t.
William K. Elliott, of P.rooklvn. ,mll.i lower than thut wiien Ihev wcre.."r l'r" ''orporutlon heads all
Ambus L. Harden, of Joplin. Mo. lover some of the towns in Norfolk. ",VI'r. "'",''' I( I'0""''" minority
Clifford A. Western, of Hnvenport. 1 Ktockholders to secure more recognition
Califnruia. I It is ndilressed "to the press of hnn on the bunrils of directors, according
Oscar .1. W vn It, of Kl Cenlro, Oil. jlUego" and says that although nil thejto its author, Henntor Langgufli, It f.'
All of the dead me second class fire-j men ln were killed or injured' were j nsscrted Hint under the present sys
ti, on. jgien sufficient time to escape, (hey torn, minority stockholders riinnot elect
Seriously Injured. stuck to their posts, seeing only duty; -a representative on the board of di
Second elnss firemen It. V. Cliddcn thnt the lives of many others of the on- j rectors, but under the proposed system
of ludiniiiipolisi William IK Miller, of gineer's crew in the compartment be-1 where there are five directors to elect
liowns, Kan.; Ilenjamin Tucker, of low might be spared. They remained persons holding one-fifth of tho stock
Londinine, Mo., and Krnest A. Ledwilh, to open the safety valves und to take would be able to elect ouo director,
of Pueblo Colonidn. other precautions to prevent the com- thereby receiving representation in pro
Less seriously injured: George Ohm. ' pnrtmouls from filling with the .loudly portion to their holdings rulher than
water tender, of Vutiin. Neb.; Dnrroll stenni. It mount dentil nnd injury to, having persons who owned one shun
Vnriiuilo, second class fireman, of Port them, but if they had not stayed, raid j more Hunt half of the stock elect Ho
Arllinr. Texas; Charles W. Peterson, Cnplnin Holicrtson, scores of lives entire benid of directors,
second class fireman of Kncine, Wis.;1 might have been lost. There has boon a heavy lobby again.!
I'liianool A. Minpi'l. seaman, of l.n Cuptitin Holicrtson reported thnt the the bill and the bystanders lire watch
Porte, hid., nnd Patrick A. Merriman, 1 overheating and blowing out of sev- ing will, interest the sennturs who lire
coal passer, of Woll.ach. Neb. ,,rn tubes, probably caused by low w a-, opposing the lull nnd the rensons the.
How Firemen Died. ter In the boiler, nppnrently was the present for not favoring It. "It is the
Sntt Diego. Oil., .Inn. 22. llow fin;-' rni.se of the neolilent. find monsiiri tlo' favoring of whic
men, went to their dentil and others1 Admiral Howard, he said, lias up would Indicate a senator was standing
fiiced death like real heroes yesterday , point"d a commission to investigate the in with the cnrporntions. " said one ol
when nn explosion in n boiler tube on cause of the trouble, headed by Fleet the regular members of the senate oil
tlio Pniteil Mntes cruiser Han Hiegn in Commander P. K. Oliver. dieiice this morning, "and I l.n. tun-
the Gulf of California shook th" flag-1 Watches tiere being catingi-d In the Ions to see how the members will liio
' ip of the 1'nitcil States Pacific fleet, engine loom nt the time nf the explo-.up ou the proposition."
i told in n radio message ent here to- sin... Officers of the .Maryland wen- After muki.ig this bill n special or
dny by Cnplnin Ashlev If. luibertson, ucthig ns umpires of the tests w hen the tier of business for l():.'Hl Motiilcy
in romiuanil of the Hnn Ulcgo. jtccident huppened. , . urn I dug the senate udjourneil until that
- ' I
sians Pushing Advance
Toward Prussia With Vigor
By J. W. T. Mason
(Former European Manager of the
New York, Jan. 22. Tho Russians
are pushing their new advance vigor
ously toward Thorn. This has sudden
ly become the most important move
ment in any of the war zone's. The
Slavs appear once more to have
changed their plan of campaign to have
returned to their original resolve to
overthrow the German defenses on the
Vistula, which are second only in
strength to the defenses on the Rhine.
The absence of news of the Russian
advance toward Budapest and the ap
parent inability of the Slavs to follow
up their recent defeat of the Turks in
the Caucasus suggest 1 1 1 n rv instead of
sending sufficient reinforcemnts to
support these movements, Russia re
gards the new offensive againet the
Hermans along the Vistula as for the
moment the dominant factor in her
There are, in fact, six different
campaigns now being conducted by tho
Russians. The first is in East Prussia,
the second toward Thorn, the third be
fore Warsaw, the fourth iu Oalicia, the
fifth in Bukovina ami against Buda
pest, and the sixth in the Caucasus.
Six campaigim require a serious
division of the Slav offensive, and,
what is moro satisfactory to the Gor
man general staff, Petrograd has been
templed into a policy to indecision.
BURNED EARLY TODAY
All Passengers Were Rescued;
Some From Icy Waters
of Chesapeake Bay
Baltimore, Md Jau. 22. The steam
er Maryland, belonging to the Mnrv-
...... 1 .'... ... 1 !:..:..!.. .j,..........!..
it,..,., i.i-iaivnif mm . i.ul.liM m ruu.oii , ,
company burned early today in Cl.es,, -
peake Buy. The H5 passengers wore1
rescued, some of them from the icy
wniers mio which mey nun leaped iiur-
ing the fire.
That there were no fntobtios was due
promptness of the liners City of
"nltiniore and City of Norfolk in rush -
...g in ...e " "' " .' julor linrland this morning informed
outs saw the blazing Maryland. thl, ,,, t,mt had , . ,
It is feared some of the passengers s J( and that liis
result" Exposure" eMtW .rU were nimed not at the senator
Tne MlrvZ, will 1 a total loss. ! Jiv ' '? VT" Utt"Cki"K X'
She caught fire when between Sandy I
Point and Mngothy and whisth'd for1 , K"tlllyn aenntor-cleet
aid. To save the passengers the cap-,trom DuKl county, made her ap
tnin ran her on tho beach. Owing to I'curunee and was extended the. courte
the great draught nf the stenmers City , H1" tll l,nnte, being given a scut
of Baltimore and City of Norfolk, they J1' t1'" ''ck which she will occupy Mon
could not approach close to the Mary-tl,ny " an active member of the upper
bind ami were forced to mil their boats 'muse,
a mi e to the burning sum
Dining the Interval bclwe.'u thei
beaching of the Maryland nnd the nr- ed the courtesies of the sonntn. Until
rival of the rescue bouts, mnuy of the last session he was a member nf the
passengers leaped into the wnlor.. senate from l.inn county, being the old
Most of them were in their berths est member of tliut body in point of
when the fire wns discovered. The service
cause of tho fire is not vet known. House bill No. 02, Allen, prohibit-
' ' '"K county clerks from giving legal nd-
BERLIN CREDITS ZEP- 'milking food for domestic animals in
PfllVQ WITH RAin f,"T.' ,"f, f,lraily expense, were both In
I Ei.UaJ IIIIIl lYttll definitely postponed by adopting un-
favorable committee reports. Sonnte
Says Huge Aircraft of Latont Typo IU
sponsible for Bomb-Dropping In Brit
Co, hngen, Jan. is genera.,-
. 1 1 ... 1 - .... .1.-
1 itcriin mui 1 in- mi sin 1 ,,,, .liMnnuui,,,, i ... T, ' ' ." , vv t li trospnssors aim niso ns to tno pro--d
tho const of Kngland ear- V'" "J" ''V "f Viou. good reputation that Grosser had
ly this week wore Zeppelins, according
to dispatchc from the German capital
I .These advice, y f.m Zeppelin, used
- j were of the latest resign, having ex -
eopnnnni s .ecu. 1 nev orosseu roe .orin
; sea flving nt a greot height, and us sunn
u llicv i-ciclied ll nnst descended to
!. nf 'loon i-.,.,. Tl,.,... ,li.
........ ..... ,
I patches declare flint the airships flow
There appear to be variable cliques of
strategists at Petrograd, each of whom,
in turn, seems to impress its desires ou
tho general staff.
Instead, therefore, of holding fast
to one objective, iu spite of all ob
stacles, every stumble sends the Slav
off seeking an easier track.
Presumably the situntioh In tho
southeast was. more puzzling than at
first anticipated so tho Petrograd mili
tary authorities decided to try their
troops again in the Rosso-German
northwestern war zone. While trying
to reach Thorn early in tho war the
Slavs suffered their first great defeat
amid tho marshes of East Prvssla. The
experience gained doubtless accounts
for the fact that the new advance is
not through the, East Prussian glacial
bogs but along the Bussian Toads a few
miles to the south.
The seriousness of the Thorn' of
fensive depeiuls on the strength of the
It will require an enormous force to
make the movement successful.
The difficulties of crossing an un
defended portion of the Vistula river
in Russia are so great that Field Mar
shal Von Ilindenburg bus been unable
to move from the south to tho north
bank of that stream. It seems, there
fore, as if the problem of forcing a
passage of tho Vistula into Germany,
which is protected by a line of inodern
fortifications, may be as perplexing
for the Slavs to solve.
Upper House Adjourns Until
Monday Morning After
This morning's session of tho senate
was tho livest that has boon held this
, . .. t . , . . . ,
, tcr'" nf thp ''K'1t-e, matters before
'he body calling torth manv warm nr
i gumeiita upon the-merits of different
contrast to his attitudo toward
Senator Jloser yesterday afternoon
luring the debute upon the Dimick bill
, abolishing the state nnvol militia, Son
A. .Miller, now Internnl revenue
collector nt Portland, was also extend
;inil Ao. .1.1, hy Senntor Gurliisd, suf
. fored a like fate.
! Senate bill No. ,1S, ,y Senntor Gar
I J-'t all bids anil UmZyZ
. -'-ed toho
iiiiui, nuinorizing county Courts to
- " ""!. nun nL'nwnvs n nr
. - l.inn i iiiiiii v cnniu ihh oners were ex -
foiled l.v ,,,,. ,i;rf,., . , ,
ioiie.1 ny many different member anil
I sorrow expressed that the other comi
, W(.i.rt .,t r..rt .. t,
vXy on, , tv '"'U"mtC! U8 th" "l'I'"r
, R ' , bill No tn 1 .
1 . ' - .
V . Corporilt Inn stockholders,
yum, pomnitring lu-cimiulntivo volino
If"" "I'" warmest
"'"""". . " ""Mod o series
SUMMABY OF LATEST WAR
England. German submarine
torpedoed and sank British
steamed Durwald off British
coast. Crow rescued. Believed
indicates Germany inaurugating
systematic attack on British
merchantmen advocated by Vice
Admiral Von Tivpitz.
France. Germans bombarded
Saint Die, historic city. Feared
ancient buildings be' damaged.
tso fatalities reported. Paris
admits Germans checked French
advancing against Met., Ger-
mans themselves advancing. (
French gained slightly at Loiu-'
bacrtzyde and Berry-an-bac.
Belgium. Germans bombard-
ed Nionport. British repulsed
tlfrec German night attacks near
Visny. Cannonading between
Oiso and Yior. ,
Turkey. Constantinople as-
seits Russian offensive iu Cau-
casus "brought to a stand-
still," denies Turks routed.
Austria. Petrograd declares
Austrian commander at Pola
committed s'.iicido when learned
his forts shelled the Austrian
oattleship Rabecky in orror.
Germany. Germans every-
where Bccept that Zeppelins, not
aeroplanes, bombarded Norfolk,
England, Tuesday night. Declare
new type airships participated.
Alsace lliinil to-luui l fighting
reported near Hartmaunswciler,
nui th west of Muelhaiison.
Cross Examination Gives In-
dications of Course De
fense Will Take
. With the testimony of Deputy tther
Jff V. I. Nendhnm the state concluded
jts case nguiust Blasius Orasser, charg
ed with the murder of Minor Bucon.
From the trend of the questioning of
Attorney John A. Carson the council
,for the defendant, it wns apparent that
the defense would be that Grnsscr had
been bothered from time to time bv
trespassers and that he finally decided
to take the law Into his own hands
when ull other melius failed. Miss Gnr
field, a ourt reporter, who took the
testimony of the witnesses in the cor
oner's inquest, was called to II40 wit
ness stund. Her testimony win lurge
ly directed to a sentence that appeared
in the testimony of Sheriff Ksch nt
the coroner's inquest, in which the
sheriff is alleged tot have sold: "Well,
if you know nnything obout it, you
had best make a clean briust. of it."
Mr, Ksch did not deny that ae might
liave Used the words, but lie said posi
tively thnt he had made no promises of
idonienoy to the defendant for 11 confes
sion. The testimony of Sheriff Ksch
,wm corroborated by the testimony of
Mr. Noedhnni. Attorney ( arson
not moke the usual formal motion for
a non suit nfter the caso had concluded
.its case. The court room wns packed
land every available seat wns occupied.
L ho corridor outside the door was nlsn
full anil us soon ns anyone left the
court room another left the throng out
ride to edge into the nlreudy Jammed
W .1 Hull wns tho second witness
'called for tho defense. Mr. Hull, who!
ih nf !,;. eiiv I
Orasser nbout his
onv was lis
to the trouble that Grosser hud luul
.... 1 ... 1
Tt i .i . u t i
Ibomo In the neighborhood
i ,. ,". .,.,
The jury returned from the scene of
the sliooling alioiit 1:1.1 yestorilay even-1 .ln,,,B which attempted to break
ing, ami Alva llncon, the fotlior of Kl-j through the (leriniin lines east, of Huiut
mer llncon, was the first witness culled ; y, Wm eouiph'te, according to the
to the slnml by Prosecuting At trtrm-.V j fri'itil statement, issued by the war of
Itingii. Ilnciui told a Btraiglilforward (,ri, this afternoon,
story of the shouliiig ami the events j( wllN tlm Onnoiinceil thnt, tho
(Contlmud on Pngn Five.)
time, leaving at IHi.'lO on a special train
for Albany, whore they will attend the
fiinerul of the h.te Hufus Thompson,
father of Presi'lent I.nir Thompson,
Senators 1 nfollctte. Ill.L'silllle. J. f
Smith and Wood were appointed on the Hit n row oi i,e,ic.,.-s ...... ... .."......
committee to investigate the F.nstern . th"' ' .l','"!"v'!: , , . t. , .
Oregon insane Asylum und, together! Artillery tir.ng eont, lines at out
i nice fro,,. (I,e I, , I inoinson. Helerr.ng to the situntion In
will leave ill midnight tonight to nt
tend to that duty.
Ws HAr$ I
Oregon: Fair to
night and Snt nt
.1 1 1 1 , I
' '" " 1 1 r 1
HISTORIC CITY OF
Six Shells Are Dropped In
Heart of City By German
WHEN SHELLING BEGINS
Russians and Germans Have
Bloody Struggle Along
Forty Mile Front
By WiMain Philip Stum.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Jan. 22. Bombardment of the
historic city of Saint Die by tho Ger
mans wns announced in the offic.inl
statement issued this afternoon by tho
French war office. Six shells fell In
the heart of the city, one striking near
the famous cathedral built in the 11th
It is stated unofficially that a school
which dates back to tho oighth century
was slightly damaged.
Tiie war office announcement docs
not mention any fatalities, but declares
the inhabitants fled in a wild panic
when the German shells began to full.
Great indignation is expressed hero
over tho shelling of the picturesque
Tho statement admits that the Ger
mans continue to cheek tho French
noar Paint Mihiel and those attempting
an offensive against Met.. The at
tempt to drive a wedge Into the Ger
man linos at that point hits failed mid
the Hermann continue tho advance re
ported ourlic'r In tho week.
The official statement says In part:
"Our forces., under a violent bom-
bnrdment, have been compelled to evac
uate 150 yards of trenches southeast of
Saint Mihiel. Tho enemy also recap
tured part of the trenches wo took
northwest of Pont-A-Mousson."
German bombardment of Nieuport has
boon resumed, the announcement Bays.
The French cluiin an advance near
Uombuert.yilo and slight gains in the
vicinity of Bcrry-au-bnc.
A sharp Gorman attack near Bcanso
jour is, declared to iiavo been repulsed
with considerable loss. From tho Oise
to the Yser. the statement says, activity
Is laigoly canfinod to an artillery duel,
the ndvantiigo resting with the I'rcncn.
Near lliirtinanusweiler, northwest of
Mucihausen, hand to-haiid lighting is in
progiess, indicating the trcnoii are
push.ng their olfenslvc in Alsace with
Fighting Is Bloody.
Pctrnurad. Jan. 22. The bloodiest en
gagement since the inauguration of the
new liussmn ollensive against ller-
11T DIE QBJEC
didJmany wus in progress today along a -IU-
m 0 fruit, the waroinco norc an
nounced today. Doiqioroto fronting, in
fact, was reported from everywhere.
Tciiil'ie fighting, the war office state
ment snid, was in progress along the
banks of the Muln river. The losses
oil both sides wore hcuvy,
The HiiBsians, after capturing Skempe
storday, it was stated, were luiircinng
toilllV lllioi. Thorn. J lie right Wlllg 01
the Ilussian army wns said to bo only
III miles fru:n the Prussian border.
I It was unoltinniiy aniinn mi inn .
Ihe German ailvnnoo en Warsaw .inn
! ngu'.u been linitcil.
French Defeat Complote.
I!,rli... bv wireless to Huvville, L. I.,
,,.. ''''.The defeat of tho Preach
French essayed an assault upon
crown nrinoe's army nt Verdiin,
wero thrmvii back upon their own de
"Our entire front Is now entirely
cleared of the enemy 's forces near Haiut
Mihiel," the announcement read. "The
French have been compelled to evacii-
Alsiice the stalen.ent declares I lie
French wen f' I to abandon their
positions III Ihe hills lit llarluiniins
weiler, the (lormni.s having cnptureil
two officers and l-" 1
A galling French fire, it Is declare.!,
compelled the Germans to i.baudoa a
trench at Kerry ru boo, but it was dy
namited before the French could occupy
Ciuuonailing continues around Ar
ms. J. E. Hosmor, the Bllvorton editor,
'.who i charged with crl.nlnnl libel, ni-
v i pea rod in court this morning witn his
' 1 u . I,:.,...... I ,l.,.l a
HlliM,!', c. 1, n n in. i ii-.mi, mm.i jii.ii
.Ico.u.rer in the M.o. Mr. Hi, hurdson
stated that Mr. Winner, who Is an at
torney, would also appear Iu his own
defense and should be considered ns
onii of the attorneys in tho caso.
Alleged Wife Murderer Died
on Scaffold Protesting In
nocense of Crime
San Qucntil, C'al., Jan. 22. Louis A.
Larson, a barber, was hangod in tho
state prison here today for the murder
of his wife, Mary Larson, in the Ver
dtigo hills, near Los Atgelcs, Juno 22,
The trap was sprung at 10:41 o'clock.
Larson's body was cut down at 10:51.
His neck was broken by the drop, and
ueatn was practically instantaneous.
Larson went to his death bruvoly.
He walked up the scaffold with a firm
step, and there bid Wnrdon Johnston
and the other prison attaches good-byo.
Larson protested his innocence to tho
very last. Ho cluimed that his 17-year-old
daughter, Luella, had given false
testimony, but ho freely forgave her.
Just before ho dropped to hio death,
Larson prepared the following state
ment for tho newspaper men:
"There are people who testified,
against ma and upon whoso evidenco 1
am going to die. Afy dear Warden
Johnston and fellow men, I again suy
before you nnd before God that I 11111
innocent. My duughtor did not tell the
truth, and to you, Sir. Bradfield (the
officer who traced tho crime to Lar
son), what will yon sny whoa you are
tho victim and God is your judge? Will
it not rjng in your ears that the rope
or siinme tooK Larson's lite I"
Luraen also left a letter to Miss Lu
hi Carpenter, the womnn for lovo of
whom ho was convicted of slaying hif
Among tho papers found in his cell
was the following verso:
"Head askew, node is broken,
EyVs are bloodshot and protrude :
And a tongue so black nnd swollen
Mpenks a wordless interludo."
Court Will Not Act.
San Francisco, Jan. 22 Louis A. Lnr
sen must hang at fan Qunntin prison
fur the murder of I. is wifo near Los
Angeles in I'.IKI, The California sii
prume court hero, to which Larson 's ut
torneys nppealcd, refused to intorforo
In Ins hcualr.
Larson was scheduled to hang nt 10
a. in. today, but Warden Johnston ut
Hnn Qncntin dclnycd tbo execution,
ponding tho -supremo court s action.
Last Effort Falls.
Han Qncntin, Cal Jan. 22. Imme
diately after receipt of tho news from
Hun Piiincisco that, the stntu supreme
court would not interfere with Louis
Larson's execution, Warden Johnston
announced that tho murdered would be
sent to his dentil before noon.
An nppllcntiiin lor a writ of habeas
corpus was filed in Los Angeles by Lur
son's attorney late yesterday. This fact
was lolegrapned immediately to mom
hers of the supremo court in Han Prim
ciscn. The message, however, did not
reach the Wells Kitrgo building, where
tho court Is silting hero, until
o'clock last night. The janitor of the
building found the telegram and put
it on Chief Justice Angolntli's desk.
Justice Angolotti found the telegram
when ho reached his of I ice at H o'clock
this morning. At 0 : 1 fi o'clock ho re
ceived n telephone cull from Warden
Johnston, of Hnn (j.ieutin, saying that
ho was holding up tho execution pend
ing tho action nf tho supremo court.
Johnston wiintod tn know what the
court intended doing. Justice Angolotli
then culled up Governor Johnson, but
refused to sny what, tho governor hail
told him regarding tho Uirsoii ease,
At. I ' i : IS n'clii'k Juslico Angololli
denied the writ without comment, ami
notified Warden Johnston to this ef
fect. License For Operating Fish
Trap Increased Hundred
Per Cent Today
Pin, lically without .imposition the
house this morning mlopted the Hchne
l.el bill, providing for nu iiicreusn of
about inn per cent Iu Ihe amount of nil-
ttui.i licenses to be pnid by the open.lors
of fish traps, seines, fish ;whecls (both
scow and slatio.iuiy), and fish .'minors
in district io. 1, applying tn the Co
lumbia river and coi;trlbulary siren ins,
with Ihe i.iiilerstiiinliug that the amount
of license will be increased ill tlio sen
ate so ns to make the state commer
cial fidi department self sustaining. The
senate will supply such ainoiiilu.enls re
gHriling the liicreno of licenses when n
joint i-ommillee in conference with the
Washington authorities will have miolo
House bill No. U, Hohiiobcl ' contin
ual nppropriti.ri repeal bill, proposing
to cot off all annual appropriations for
the support and iiiuiiftchuuoo of state
boards, dciiutniciits am! ii.stitutions,
which is expected to precipitate) a live-
(.Continued on Pngn Hit.)
HENRY FORD IS LIVE
WITNESS AT HEARING
IN NEW YORK TODAY
Says Justice Not Charity Is
What American Work
COULD MAKE CITIZENS
OF SING SING INMATES
No Man In Ford's Employ Re
ceives Less Than Five
Dollars Per Day
By John Edwin Nevin.
New York, Jan. 22. "Justice and
not charity is what tho American
This, was tho declaration lioro today
of Henry Ford, multi-millionaire auto
mobile manufacturer of Detroit, white
testifying before the federal indus
trial relations commissions investiga
tion of tho Rockefeller, Rago and
i arnegio foundations. Ford mndo an
imp,essivo witness, Ho said tho meth
ods in vogue in his factory would per
mit the taking over of the entiro
population of Sing f.ing prison nnd
making good citizens of the inmutes.
"All my employes liavo been
revolutionized by our profit sharing
plan," Ford said. "I have little uso
for charities nr philanthropies, ns such.
My idea is to nid the men to help
themselves. Nearly all are willing to
work for an ade.piute reward.
"Wo have nil kinds of cripples in
our employ., They are making good,
too; We also havo ninny employe who
hnjo served prison terms, Thoy, toe,
are making good. And it also may he
said that they are gaining in self
respect and In strength of character."
Ford explained his profit sharing,
plan at length. He said tho wages paid,
bv his concern were 15 per cent higher
thnn those of other automobile plants,
and that, In addition, those eligible
were participating in tho profits.
"Not ono of my employes is re
ceiving less than $o for an 8-hour
dnv," said Ford.
The plan was established, he said,
111 justice to his workers, without whom
he would not have accomplished any
thing. Daily absentee from tho plant,
he said, had decreased from ten per
cent to three tenths of ono per cent
since the profit shilling plan had been
"Fear and worry la tho struggle for
n livelihood and tho dread of what
might happen if they lost thnir job
has been prniiicully eliminated among
our workmen." snid Ford. As a re
sult, the efficiency of our employe
hns increased at least 20 per cent. No
one is discharged at our plant without
Ford said the bank noeonnt nf hi
employes Increased MO tier cent tho
first, six months after the plan win
established, life, insurance Ml per cent
nnd the value of homes owned outright
by employe N7 per cent.
"Kiuhl thousand famllie havtf
moved from sipinlid homes to healthful
and sanilury uuarlers," ' Ford said.
"A Ford employee is rnrelv ever ar
rested. Iliinl drinking, too, hns almost
entirely .lisappcnred. The company's)
school attendance has Increased from
2IMI lo uiiproxlmutoly 1,100."
Ford admitted that, despite hi profit-sharing
plan, his profits Inst year
were either 2.1,000,000 or 2H.000.0(iO.
Ho said tl oncern was n close cor-
porntlon, capitalized nt (f2.000.000 and
owned and cootrolleil bv eight people.
The witness declare,! he di I M,t
think a man could bring up a family In
his own home on nn ordinary inl 'if
nnges. He said he d'ul not Ihink men
were able tn do good mental ami
physical work for more thnn K hour
"If over-enpiliilit'.l corporations,"
sui.l Ford, "'must ounress labor tn
make a showing, I believe II would bo)
better nnd wiser lo make mnuy inert
coinf.irtable thnn tn make a few rich.'
flcnrue W. Parkin, recnllcd tn con
tinue his testimony begun yesterday,
snid the steel trust was paving th
highest wages In the l.islorv of the In
dustry, lie denied Ihat the corpora
lion's slock purchase scheme put
premium on Ihe loyally of lis em
ploye, Perkins said lie believed tho
profit sharing plan would prove to ha
in,, 'niisslnir link'' between the em
ployer nnd emplove ami would elimin
ate industrial unrest.
"This year," said Porhlns, , "(hi
steel coi'iiointioii will ant have n,.
profits In divide, but the men renlleil
we were not to blame und them linn
bee., no cnu.pli.ini. The depression In
the stool industry, nnd, for that mutter,
over? other Industry, is due tn lh
present tariff bill. We have tn com
note will, the cl.eup labor of Kurnprt.
I'nlcss there is a chance In the tariff
the end of Ihe wnr will find a greater
depression thnn ever in Ihe Pnileil
"The present tnriff law Is unscien
tific. The fact Unit bueliies men
don't knew where they stand In tho
eves of Hie law I the real cnusu of
the unemployment Bllunlion."