Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, December 19, 1914, CHRISTMAS SECTION, Page TWELVE, Image 12

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Oregon Stat$ Institutions
Nine state institutions, aside froinlcipal item of which is credited to the I grouhds nnd lands. Much of the labor involved will be done by patients of the movement of the lips, and sufficient practical Industrial training to tit thorn
I ' ......... . i p .... . . .... " . i. v i w n e i tract fnr thn same rea-
41,. ..u,,ti hniMinff nn.l ttiA iinromp Htate hospital for tho .tisane, the Inrtf j institution, who find such employment both a arret' able and beneficial,
rt h 1 I'm hi-h nV nart and wt institution, which alone realized j There are in all about 50 employees, with a monthly payroll of approximately
conn ouuu.ng, wo.cn are a pur - , prol,uets rrcc the furm Kar,PIl and : 2,700,
jet not a part of the great industrial , negating a market vnhie of
and institutional family of the city of ; $i:t:t,72ii.51. Uf this aiuouut .115,910.16
fciulcuv, are situated upon the immediate ; was sold out to other institutions.
outskirts of the city which provide j That of trie stute penitentiary totaleii
homes, treatment and instruction to, a value of over $21,000 lor the report
approximately 3000 inmates, patients I year and this institution produces all
and students, provide employment to! of tho pork that is ccusumcd by its
nearly GOO officers and employes and .inmates and employes and, to date,
carry an aggregate mommy payroll or ; there are approximately 4UU nogs,
young aim old, on nanu.
Uf the insane asylum's total value
! of products for the past year there was
ja total of 16,930 dozens of eggs of
I the market value of $.1,905.7(1: four
$Ur,ou0, or nearly $300,000 per
Attached to these institutions are ap
proximately 6000 aeics of tiie best ag
ricultural lands in the Willamette val
ley and these are cultivated nnd de-. hogs were slaughtered and consumed
veloped to tho highest degree of pro-! which weighed 875 pounds and were of
iluctivcuess by the inmates and em-1 the value of $84.05; 602 ducks, weigb
Iloyc of the institutions, and the prod-jing 219 pounds, were killed and eaten,
ucts on some of these big farms not j valued at $508.43, and 141,301 gallons
coly provide all of the vegetables and of milk wore produced and consumed of
fruitB that are required for their main-1 the market value of $28,260.20. The
tonance but contribute largely to the 'total value of all farm, garden and
needs of other state institutions. I dairy products produced by several of
The combined farm, garden anil dairy 'the local state institutiona follows:
products of all of these institutions, , Insane asylum, main bltlg $133,(26.51
with the exception of the blind school, j Insane asylum, branch
tubercular institute and industrial : Feeble minded institute ...
nchool for girls, which are not in posi-! Hoys' industrial school ...
tion to cultivate thir own crops, for ; Deaf mute school
the year 1914, up to September 30, to- j
talcd a value of $215,403.12, tho prin- Total $215,403.12
Dr. R. E. Lee Steiner, Superintendent. ,
The law providing for the construction of the Oregon State Insane Asylum
as enacted by tho Legislature in 1880. Trior to the completion of this insti-j
B. K. Lawson, Warden.
The Legislative act establishing a penitentiary for the Territory of Oregon
was passed in 1851. The penitentiary was built in Portland. In 1866 the peni-
,, IT -..VV
v. j i . w... .;n. i,nit-i ;ti7.ni If free fnr tho same rca
IO ue inucin-nilcni, pni-ouwi ""fc !'. v...-...... --
sons the public schools are free. Trained teachers and the most modern methods
ore employed. The literary work covers all grades from tho. most elementary to
first year high school. Great emphasis is placed upon vocational training. Print
ing, carpentry and woodworking, farm and garden work and the care of poultry,
cooking, laundering, fancy sewing and dressmaking, and household work arc
taught. A physician is called whenever required, and the pupils' general health,
eyes nnd teeth are carefully looked after. Approximately 100 pupils wero en
rolled in 1913. ,
The school is located on the Oregon Electric Railway. The gronnds and farm
of 52 acres adjoin the city limits of Salem on the north. The principal buildings
are of brick, with ample provisions for safety, and proper light, ventilation and
The Superintendent is assisted by a matron, ami a staff of eight literary
teachers, two of whom also teach in the industrial department, three special
teachers in the industrial department, and three supervisors having tare of the
children out of school. Ten employees are required in the domestic department,
kitchen, luundiy and engine room, and on the farm. During the school terra tho
monthly payroll is approximately $1,280.
Dr. J. H. Thompson, Superintendent.
The State Institution for FoebleXIindcd was established by an act of tho
legislature of 1907, and was formally opened in November, 1008, when 3S
feeble-minded persons were admitted., The object of the institution is three-fold.
First, training of the most practical nature that will make a feeble-minded youth
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tentinry was moved to its present site at Salem. The average piison population
for 1911 and 1912 wns 437.
There are 39 employees, including a deputy warden, guards and others. The
approximate monthly payroll is $11,000. p ,
: Will S. Hale, Superintendent.
i - '
I The Oregon State Training School wns established in 1891, being opened in
Novemlier of that ;ear, for the confinement, discipline, education, employment
land reformation of juvenile offenders. Boys are sentenced to the care of the
i school until they ore 21 years old, but, on the discretion of the Board of Control,
a boy may be paroled, ofter one year, as a reward for good behavior.
I The school i3 located about four miles southeast of Salem, on il farm of 500
acres, of which nbout half is under cultivation. The farm supplies all the vege
i tables, fruilH, milk nnd butter und a large share of the meat for the use of the
i table, besides furnishing ford for the stick, chickens, etc. All thn work on the
j farm i:i dune by the boys under the supervision of the farm mannger. Also the
j boys make nil their own clothes nnd shoes, and do all the conking nnd launder-
Christmas Sermon In Words
of One Syllable.
tut ion iu ISS3, tho unfortunate insane of the State were cured for in Portland
by Dr. Hawthorne, under contract with the Stute. In October of I8x:( there wero
removed from the Hawthorne asylum to the new institution 208 men ami 192
women, making a tutal of 3T0 patients. The number of patients increased until
January 25, 1913, the population was l.T.'IS; on this date 326 patients were re
moved to the Kastera Oregon Hospital.
On March 28, 1913, the population was 1,41(1. During the last two years
1,317 patients were received and treated. Over 40 per cent of these were cured
i .: - , :
. ' ' - ' ' ; ' ''''' " ' ' ' ' : . ' ' ' ' . : ' ' ,:
' .' " ' ' U . '.-v ''
:ing for the school, under the supervision of the officers. They attend school for
i one-half day nnd work at their trade the other half. The school is run iu liar
lnony with the public schools, the same text-books and studies being used. The
school has a large gymnasium and two ball grounds, the piny side of the boy's
i life being considered along with the educational nnd industrial,
j Besides the Superintendent, there are 16 employees, also two chaplains and n
' phyricitiii who do not reside at the institution. The monthly payroll averages
; $i,ioo.
Dr. G. C. Bellinger, Superintendent.
The Oregon State Tuberculosis Hospital wns established by an act of the
Legislative assembly of 1909. Its purposes are to provide treatment of tuhe.rc.u
I In r natieiits: to net us an educational institution, where vntients are tuueht the
VIEW OF PORTION OP BUILDINGS, COTTAGE FARM, OREGON STATE! fundamental rules of right living and how to avoid spreading the discos among
, : irnuiiiTAT an vu others; to segregate those in the advnnc id stne of the disease, thus eliminating
' '' 'the danger of infecting their families and others! to provide a homo for those
and aent home. An Important part of their treatment is industry in every line. ! tubercular patients who are unable to secure a home or proper care elsewhere
The institution has 1,100 ucriw of land, which produced during the Inst two years
product worth $1 19,.191..I7. Seven new buildings nro under construction, nnd!
tunny minor improvements. The farm is being supplied with much modern nui- j
chinery and the low per enpita cost is possible because of tho'oxei Uent physical
plum, miring the present iiiennini period mc per eapiin cost or maintaining the
Locntd about five miles southeast of Salem, tho hospital occupies u splendid
1 '
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. ft X. ' ,r " . - ' i '
L-ml;.ia.,.,u..ln.;;t....lj.'iU.,v.,(ii.i. ,.T,i-i....''.i..'iJ-.:j.vrfJ
An Innovation in termons w the
one delivered by the Rev. A. Smythe
Palmer, M.A., D.D., vicar ol Holy Trin
ity church, Wanstead, England, en the
birth of Christ. This sermon is en
tirely in words of one syllable.
E speaks the mind of God
who tells us and would have
us know what God thinks, for
If It were not for hlin we
could not know nt all. "God did so
love tho world thut bo gave bis own,
oue Son, to be born nt this time for us,
to the end flint nil who trust In blm
should not die, but have the jlfu which
tnsls for aye." Ho came and "dwelt
with us" on earth that men might Bee
with their own eyes at least one pure
life, lived free from sin. Ho was made
"flesh of our llesh" and "bono of our
bone," "God with us" In truth, but inuu
no less, true man und true God a child
like one of our own. Thut Is the
strange thing, so deep thut no man,
wise ns he may be, eun quite tnke It lit.
He was to be "God with us," but at
the same time "a worm and no mnu"
less than it tnun lu the grief and pain
nnd scorn which he bore.
The texts take our thoughts back to
the birth of this day. It in a birthday
for the whole world to keep. All men
can say: "To us this child Is born; to
tis God gave tills son of bis love. I
have my share In It" And bo wa are
all glad of heart and make our church
guy with plants and flowers and sing
our hyuius of Joy and keep the feust
with gifts and good fare. It Is tho
birth day of all our hopes. Now, It was
good uows of greiit Joy that tho host
from ou high brought to the herds who
kept watch on their sheep In the fields.
And It is still 10. For us, ns much as
for them, was born In thnt sniull town
one strong to avc, "Which Is Christ
tho Lord."
It Is old tiuws now, nnd I fear It falls
useful to himself and hopeful to others; second, such care and attention ui4on our dull, co d hearts like somo old
home would give; third, custody for the idolie nnd epileptic. I he average num
ber of inmates is 1 90, but as soon ns a new dormitory is completed, 100 more ap
plicants will be admitted. The average number of employees is 41. The average
monthlv payroll is $1,761. The institution is located on a farm of about 700 acres.
of which .'160 acres arc under cultivation, nbout three miles southeast of Salem.
, E. T. Moores, Superintendent.
The Oregon State School for the Mind, located in Snlein, was established in
1876. The school has been prmide.l with beautiful grounds, convenient buildings
and suitable apparatus foi the i list i net inn of the blind, Its advantages are t"ee
to al the blind votith of the State, and those whose sight is so detective mat
y cannot receive an education in the public s.-hnols. Ihc aim and purpose ot
1 school, in addition to furnishing a general education, is to train the pupils ,
-of ;
lull! of long past time which has lost
Its charm. Oh, let us not shut our cars
to It ns some of those first men did!
When lie enmo to bis own Ills own
would not tithe him In. They snld,
"There Is no room for him here"-uo
room in llio inn whin lie cinuo to lb
It was not mi Inn, you must know, like
one of ours, but il more bare court
where those on the rond might rest a
"khan" they cull It In tho o.ist.
Does It not seem to uh a sad and u
f! ran go sight Hint a young babe should
bo shut out hi the cold night-God iu
ttuiit of house room? A piwr place, at
1 best, ns rude and rough as we can
! well think, and, such as It wns, quite
! lull with the crowd w ho had conic first
The host of the inn sends them oil.
I lie tells thctn there Is a cave nt the
j bad: of the Inn where the boasts are
kept; (hey may Und rest, ibere. If they
! will. That cave, where the birth of
nil time took place, Is still shown In
the rock. A great church built there
marks the spot. Then, poor, mean and
cold, It was the best place ho could
tluil to lay his head.
, "Tho fox hint bis hole und the bird
of the air her nest, but the Sun of Man
Imth not where lo lay his he;:d." So, In
that cave In the nick, the flail of the
ox nnd the ass. In the crib out of which
, they ato their hay, the newborn babe
wns laid, .lust think Mint all this
j iiiciins-God mndo flesh, God born as
I until In this world of ours, that he
for themselves. The school carries on five distinct lines of educaton, nnmelv: i "'"V," ' , . . , ,
Liternrv. mu.icnl. industrial, nhvsical and moral instruction. The industrial in- : lj0"' llu 111,1 ul8 '"'BUt. ud men hid
eludes nrwing, knitting, chair caning, ham mock making, basketry,' piauo tuning. , meir race irom mm. .Mine nut trie
typewriting, weaving and sloyd. iieiua wuu Kept men- sneep saw or
Besides the Superintendent, the school employs a matron, four instructors, j kuow of It till they fell to the ground
and eight other employees. The average monthly payroll, iiO0. Number of pu- j III H great blaze of light, nnd a host of
pils euiolUd, 34. , bright ones In the- sky sang such u
OREGON SOLDIERS' HOME. I ,n " cllu1 u" ""s
; which nave pralBo to God on high.
W. W. Elder, Commandant. ! "mid on earth peace, good will lo men."
Those herds had faith to go nnd seek
The tlregon Soldiers' Home, located one mile west of Heseburg, was created !,l,e 111,1,1 uf wn"m Wc 0J- 'J
by nn act of the Legislature enacted in 1893 to provide n home for honorably r"l,ld "!' I'm crib, nnd they saw
discharged soldiers and sailors who served in any of the wars in which the I'nit-1 uioro tliiin their eyes could see. They
ed States engaged, or who served in the Indian wars of Oregon, Washington or ( kuew Unit In that weak child wus the
Idaho, ami who are unable to earn a living and who have no adequate means of i power of God (o save. And so these
support, It hns 40 acres of land, of which 30 acres are utilized for farm and gar- good men. when they luid bow'd dowu,
den. weut back to Ihelr flock, Mruck with
The uvcmge number of inmate nn the lolls dining 1012 mis 181; average llwl!i llMj "gaVe pmlse to God for all
utiiubrr present, 145; average naanal cost per capita, $196.53; average number of , tiwf 1U( ,( wn .
m,i,.,h,v.. imbidintr nffieeis. .16: nveraee monthlv navroll. J718.57. i Khl1" "Cdoh-ss? Slitlll wo not, too,
f ,,.,..;
iu some useful occtipution which will euublo them to nssist in making u living
.site nestling sgulnst the timbered foothills. The grounds eover 149 acres, of
I which 65 are iu cultivation, All the fresh vegetables, fruit and berriea for the
hospital, and feed for the stock, are grown. The buildings roniist of a four-story
brick structure, which in used as an administration building and Infirmary, and
of others constructed on the pavilion plan, being ementinlly sleeping porches.
The monthly payroll approximates ifHOO,
E. 8. Tilltiigbast, Superintendent
Inftlilllliiiu will be 614 ncr mniitlc llieln.liti.r nil iiuvr.itlti i.l..lliiwt C,t.1 I,... 1,11 .... I
medieiaoa, dentistry, surgery, etc., I This institution was established In 1870 lu eonneetion with the School for
The equipment for treatment in the new Receiving Hospital, which mis open- Blind, but later the two were separated. Its object Is purely educational. Its
ti ia the fall of 1912, Is second to none. All new patients are (rented there. peculiar function in to afford the accessary, modern, eentrali'd facilitie for ed-
lure are Slo names on the payroll, winch averages about f9,7O0 monthly. j
Dr. Wilson D. McNarjr, Superintendent.
Th Eastern Oicgon State 11 spital had its origin ill an Initintive measiiie'
(opted by the people of the State iu November, Mill, providing for the estnb
lishmeot of a State hospital east of the Cascade .Mountains nnd appropriating
200,009 towards the purchase of a site nnd the erection of buildings. The Legis
lature of 1911 impropriated 1:115,000 additional for the erection und furnishing
of the building and for other equipment. A tract uf bind comprising about 450
nrrea tutaatod s mile and a half enst of Pendleton, ia I'matilla County, was w
lorted and hospital buildings, modern in every mpwt and capable of accommo
dating nWoul 400 patients, were completed ami nrrepted by the Board of Trim
tees January I, 1013.
The object of this Institution Is to cure for the insane from the counties com
prising what is known as Eastern Oregon, namely: linker, Crook, Grant, Gillinm,
Harney, Hood llivrr, Klamnth, I. like, Malheur, Morrow, Hhcrmnn, I'nion, I'matil
la, Wallova and Whcaler, and on January 25, 1913, 1125 patients committed to the
hegnn Mate Insane Asylum from these counties were transferred from Snlcnt.
On April H, 101J, tho nuiuber of patients had increased to 333. -The
l.i ginlutive session of 1913 providisl liberally for the miiintcnnnr of the ! ncntiiig the denf, giving them es far n essible nnd to a remarkable degree
institution, for tho construction of out buildings and the improvement of the 'voiumaiul of written Iniigntige, ability to speak and to mud speeih from the
Mia. E. N. Hopkins, Matron.
This institution was created by nn act passed -nt the 1913 Legislative session.
An ammiiiriution of 25.OO0 annually for the years 1913 nnd 1911 was made for
the purchase of grounds and buildings nnd maintenance. The school will be for
the detention of delinquent girls between the ages of 12 and 25 years, and Is to
be conducted in such a manner ns will give, preferably, nn industrial education
to the inmates, and promote their moral, mental nnd physical welfare. While the
institution is under the control of the State Bonrd of Control, the advisory board
consisting of three women of the State, is appointed by the Governor. The mom
brr cf his board are Mrs. Lola G. Baldwin, Portland; Aristcae N. Felts, Port
land, and l.otta (. Smith, Salem. The school hns Keen opened m temporary qtinr
go home nnd give thanks nn our part,
with Joy for whnl wu bnvu hoard? And
In nil our Joy let na find loom for Hie
one guest who should not be loft out
room in our hearts for him whoso word
la lire.
It Holds Precedence Over the Chritt
i msa Tree In Enrjland.
I The Cbi'tutinas tree was rurcly seen
lu England until mail,, popular by the
Instead of a Christmas Tree.
(I't'lllitlt hllMliutirl nt t ttuK.it 1' l.'f .kha
tern in the-old Polytechnic building on the grounds of the Oregon State School nU wl)J t u unVtnul ,,. ,
for ta near, ; pmciit time. It Is the Yule log and the
mistletoe that hold the center of at
traction. I0g before England bin-nine
Christian country the Yulo log wns
! burned In honor of n pagan deity nt
the winter solatlce. and the Infeetlous
spirit of ehcer mid good will wlilcli
i prevailed at (but time aurrlved when
I'hrlnllaully apreud atirond.
The fi-Kllvltk-s In Engliind lu'ln Willi
the lighting of Hie Yule log mi Christ
oiita eve. In ninny parts or Hie coun
try the whole family, tin biding err
miti. wiitter nbout the hcntlli nnd
"beguile (he lung rvcnllig Willi niral
games, legendary Jivkes and oft told
Chrlslmns tulca." One uf tho oldest
; customs observed In Finland Is Ihe
j aliigltig of Chtlsttmis carols from Imttw
I to uoimp by (.brHtnina cm-olem. Some
i of the eunils sung Imlny are nt leant
I 4(i0 yenn u!d.
One family who were over the stock
lug hHUKing age decided last Christmas
Hull iln-y i'iild not have a tree The
children were illioiited and fenced
a Mild iter
An liigenloiw sister iKitved the prob
lem of art rt trivliiB In n aomewhat novel
way Khe acd all the meinbera of
(be ranillT . w lap their glf'.s for eiu-h
other Into licit imckngo. dlre't them
philnlv nml Icnve Hm-iii In the library
on Chi'l-tn s eve. "
Nit one mi told what was to be done
with I lie uiekni.T. ami each member
was swum to secrecy, u tbut alio did
mil know that the others' iresents
were tn bu bit" the llbrnry nlso
The grl dlvlilrd tliem Into grnii,
hating -er ift for nun tiienitier of
the family Included tu a given lot. The
sctmrat isi!!i'tlons neie then tnkcsi
iito dlfferrnt rminr!) of the bouse and
'llddrn In such a way thnt they emild
ml be fun nd without considerable
On Christina day small boy of Ihe
family dtrsnefl In tlss costume nf a
ChrlstiMa herald of Ktluhothau dura
tvent thrntigh tho house erort b-i ir
dnrtng the tiny blowing a truiiitx-t sod
IK-nrlalnilng that a t hrlttiiss hunt
would be held In a certain man.
The family bad merry time until
all the gifts were found am! opened
and en loved Ibem In a leisurely way
until the nrvt vMt of Ihe herald an
hour later. t
A the family was a law one. the
excitement was prolonged well Into (he
erenlng. and nil voted It a much mure 1
Interesting nsy of giving presents 'ban !
to lis to them all In Ihe morning stack- '
, Ings or hung on the Christmas tree. I
Christmas Bella.
I hsard the bells on Christmas day
Their old, fimtlimr rsroli play
And. wihl aiut twert.
The wot Ha rrpeni
Of peace en aarth. good will lo mnl