Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, November 14, 1914, Home and Farm Magazine Section, Page 11, Image 25

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The Raising of Turkeys
WITH the coming of the tall oar
thoughts turn turkeyward, and
letters come to the writer tell
ing of the fine success almost every
one has had this year with their tur
keys. However, some are also find
ing that the luck which has been
theirs all the summer Is now slip
ping away and some of those want
to know the reason why. Mrs. Chas.
Jones, the turkey expert, explains
this very plainly in one of her In
teresting talks. She Bays: "To un
derstand any branch of poultry cul
ture one must know their nature and
requirements. The turkey is the only
bird or animal that has previously
existed in a wild state that has been
domesticated to the extent of being
raised on farms from the Pacific to
the Atlantic and from British Colum
bia to the Gulf of Mexico. They may
be raised further north, but I have
no authentio account pf the fact.
The prairie chicken has never been
domesticated. Occasionally wild
geese and ducks have been raised,
but the turkey Btands alone as a wild
bird domesticated, and because peo
ple have not studied into their wild
nature and what their diet consisted
of in their wild state they have failed
to raise more than a Bmall part of
those that are hatched.
In Former Times.
When the turkeys roamed over the
forests at the time this country was
Inhabited by Indians very Utile corn
was raised. A few beans constituted
the grain crop, and as the Indians
were too lazy to raise the corn them
selves, and put the work on the
squaws, who had the young braves,
In the form of pappooses, to pack
around on their backs, and all the
domestic- duties to look after and
koep their wigwams in order, they
did not raise corn enough to glut the
market and the turkeys had to look
elsewhere for their food than to the
corn-cribs of the natives. The trees
were their roofs to keep the young
sheltered, the leaves beneath them
made. It dry for them to walk over,
and the insects that had found their
homes beneath the leaves made their
"Now we are confronted with a
different problem. The forests are
about gone, and during a wet season
the turkeys must be kept near home
for protection from the rain. When
they have outgrown their baby feed
what shall we feed them? Corn as
a steady diet Is out of the question,
as they will eat large quantities,
their livers will become congested
from such highly concentrated food,
and you will notice that one goes a
little slow. That will be the only
symptom amiss; it will walk a little
can find,' then coming to the house
for a drink and starting out for the
larger range tor the day.
Turning Out On Range.
- "At first when turned out on
range, I fed them at night as an in
ducement to come home early, but
after the habit is established, I think
it better for their health not to feed
them, as they come home with full
crops and any more crowded Into
the digestive organs Impairs them.
As a general thing ' everybody and
everything eats too much. So wo
are always hearing the complaints
of stomach trouble in the human
family. Give the stomach a rest and
it will last as long as the rest of the
body. As no one has been found
smart enough to take out the old
stomach and put in a new one, bet
ter go slow and treat the one thai
was adjusted to your human mechan
ism fairly well and try to make it
last as long as the rest of the ma
chinery. "With our turkeys, if we intoro-
gate Nature and aak what Nature
would give at this season to her
wild turkeys and follow her direc
tions as closely as possible, we snail
do well. The fact is that the closer
we can imitate Nature in our cam
of all our feathered friends, the
more successful shall we be. Of
course, we cannot supply to our do
mestic fowls the wild seeds, berries
and nuts, but we, knowing their
food value, can substitute for the
Insects and wild animal food clean,
well-made cottage cheese, clabber
milk or buttermilk, skimmilk, meat
(either ray or cooked). We can
give green alfalfa or soaked alfalfa
hay, with grain of some kind. We
can leave a nice field of wheat to bo
picked and harvested by our flock
of turkeyB; we can let them glean in
our olive yards and even pick up
some walnuts if we have not acorns
or oter wild nuts for them.
"This may be new doctrine to
many, but it was instilled into me
In my childhood, for I was never
allowed to bring wild creatures or
birds into captivity until I bad stu
died In the animal or bird encyclo
pedia the life history of each cap
tive with the necessary food, and
knew the best substitute for the
wild food. I attribute my great suc
cess with chickens und turkeys to
this early training and to the con
stant turning to Nature when I was
in any doubt.
"For turkeys that are on limited
range that may bo bare of insects,
nuts and berries, we shall have to
asBlst Nature and substitute for her
slower, until It turns up its toos toj'are the best thing that we can
the blue sky, a sllont protest against
letting them gorge themselves on the
most highly concentrated food that
Wheat Best,
"Wheat, where It can be had, 1b
the best and safest grain that can
be fed, but wheat hore represents
gold dollars and Is too expensive to
feed. Oats has too many hulls. This
year, on account of the high price
of wheat, we could not get shorts.
Shorts, moistened with water or
milk, can be safely fed to turkeys.
The turkeys found that we had
plenty of corn In tto crib and they
developed a great liking for it and
only wanted to loaf around the crib,
until I lost two or three, and then
I Just turned them out and made
them get their living In the fields,
and they are all right again. Letting
them live on corn is entirely against
their way In their wild sate, ami
they have to surfer the penalty. It
is like raising children on rich pie,
cake and preserves. Their digestive
organs get out of order, they become
Ick and often die,
"When turkeys find that they
must stay out on tho range and get
their living, they are soon content,
By Instinct, or by personnl Investi
gation of the different fields, they
loon find where the largest number
of grasshoppers are to be found.
They are methodical In their pro
ceedings, getting off the roosts Just
lit daylight and going to nearest,
fluids, picking all the Insects they
crease the weight by enabling the
turkeys to digest more food.
"Boiling the corn removes what
ever it is in the new corn that dis
agrees with the turkeys. One thing
in fattening turkeys, begin grad
ually by feeding the fattening food
only once a day and that preferably
at the evening meal.
"X only fatten turkeys from two
to throe weeks before killing. Do
not fatten turkeys that you intend
to keep as breeders, for fat weak
ens the organs of reproduction of
both sexes and the offspring the
following Spring will be weak and
small or the eggs will be Infertile.
I have found this to be the case in
many instances where people have
bad me Investigate the cause of
eggs not hatching,
"Turkeys should be kept at least
twelve hours without food before
killing. They may have water, but
not food. This is to empty the In
testines and to prevent the food
which would remain there from
souring and giving the whole car
cass a bad flavor.
"One word about turkeys getting
sick when being fed for market.
This shows a lack in the constitu
tion, and is often the result of a
Blight attack of liver trouble, which
they seemed to get over in their
early life. The best thing to do
now would bo to turn thorn out upon
the range again or else you can
doctor them up by giving them a
dose of Epsom salts, following it
with ten drops of tincture of nux
vomica In a (lint of water, allowing
no other drinking water. Then give
freely of chopped onion and bran
mixed with the fattening food and
market or eat them as quickly as
possible. Do not breed from those
turkeys, as, though (hey may be
perfectly well, they will not breed
a vigorous constitution into their
offspring. Mrs. A. Baslcy.
- Wilson's
Bankrupt Stock Store
173-175 2nd St., Portland, Ore.
The Stor That Will Save Yon Money
On lOveryLlilnn You Knt
or Wear.
We Also Carry a Nice Line of Store
Come In and get our prices,
J. T. Wilson, Prop.
find, and undoubtedly that is good,
hard corn a year old, bo ns to be
thoroughly ripe and dry, for there
Is something In new corn Unit 1b apt
to disagree with turkeys.
"If at the same time the turkeys
can be In an olive yard, where they
can pick up a few olives that are
now falling or even help themsolven
to Borne on tbe branches, this, with
some corn at night, will put them
In fine markot condition and Is the
oflly fattening they will need.
Lit tie Confinement.
"Turkeys do not like to be In con
finement and I try to fatten them
without confining them as much Bit
possible. They will also fatten quick
ly If they can be in a iweot apple?
orchard, for they are very fond or
sweet apples. Turkeys that have not
the advantage of freedom or the
wild nuts and spicy berries can be
successfully fattoned in yard, My
way Is: I tuk two quarts of corn
and one quart of barley, soak over
night, and In the morning put on
tho atove to boil, letting It cook
slowlv until it begins to soften, then
set aside covered up until supper I
time, when It will be cool enough tu
feed. Glvo this three times a dny,
as much as tho turkeys will eat up
In about fifteen minutes, I add at
supper time a chopped onion, ai
that Is a stimulant to liver and dl
gcBtlon, I also add a Utile ground
charcoal, to assist In tho fattening
and prevent Indigestion. I have
known charcoal to materially In-
For Water, Oil, Wlno, Mining
and Cyanide.
WW4 Pip for Irrif fltlM. Or
mi r.rt ruau
but devote our time ind energy to
prmluelng the best tanks and wood
pipe lines, nm1 when you purohsso
material benrliig our trade name
'TAC'll'IO" you are getting an
srtlele Hint will glvo you Complete
Bond your Inquiries to
Pacific Tank&Pipe Co.
Box 1U Kimtnn Button, Port
land, Ore.
, l'L """""" LlF
Everywfxrt 1 5c
If yew ittln it at WoJle, MaJ 15c etaav for
rttar ib package kr Parcel Nat to
With Tour
Handi, Ui
Yonr Brain i
Big money In It.
Demand greater than
apply. Thonaanda of
1 1 o rl and plan
xl a 4 every monUi.
Wo teach you to wrlta and where to
ell yo'ir itorles, Kudoraod by Home
Industry League, Chartered 1903,
Booklet dcicriblng thli and 60 other
practical and money-making eoureea
sont FliKW, Writ today. Dept. 6.
Modern School of Correspondence
Underwood BIdg.. Ban Francieeo.
ft M
1 YJ 1
from tank that la
bound to get fool,
when It com but 5c
thoueand tattoo
for sure wtter" direct
from well" with tbe
Water System
The Pfau pump foe direct Into well
and luppllce constant never-failing
yfntnre. Jort tike dftwloi wmt (rota
a bubbllni tpf lrt, Porbird and tott wmr.
No bettat turn ate poiiciiea knows
Utidif turtt4.
Free Catalog
yoofi foMbt aiVlnf. Will too call tofh.
thJI wtBt&il It u roof Utwfcoowavt)
B80 B. MorrlHon Street
Fortland, Oregon.
What do you think
3,000,000 Acres
and Montana Dooded Lands
IB te 140 an Acrs
Remly for the plow.
Yields 80 to 00 bu. wheat
0l, bnrley, flai, hy, sto., la
l'lnent Inland Climate.
Land Bold on Crop Payment
l.jw faro lloineupckeni' Ex
Hirudins on firnt snd third
Tueilny of arh month.
Western Tmrnlirrstlon Agent,
n M J. an t BV
A 2ml nml fJImrrv HnattJ. Wuh