Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, November 14, 1914, Home and Farm Magazine Section, Page 6, Image 20

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    HOME and fakm magazine section
Gardening on a Small Scale
i, This ! the third and last of a $
series of orticlfR by W. H. Hobert-
ib ton, u&isUnt Horticulturist of tho ?
A Papartmont of Agriculture, Provineo
2 of Britlnli (lolimibia, treating of gar- y
dotting methods on a small scaio.
CULTURAIi MBTHOD9 FOB DIF
FKKKNT VKOUTAHLIOS.
(Continue J.)
SWEET CORN Tho soil should
be very rich In plant food. A
heavy application of barnyard
manure and Boll worked well are es
sential to success. Sow seed aa Boon
as danger from frost is over. Con
stant hoeing is necessary to keep
down weeds and maintain growth.
Cucumber. The general recom
mendations made for corn apply also
to this vegetable. Hills are made
bout four feet apart each way. A
larce Quantity o manure Is dug into
a hill and the seed plunted when
danger of frost is over. About eight
niln are nlanted. but when the
plants are up all Bre removed but
four In a hill. Seeds may also be
started in a hotbed and the plants
transplanted to the garden.
Herbs. All herbs are grown from
seed sown in the open ground in
early Spring. A shallow furrow is
dug with a trowel or hoe, the seed
scattored In this furrow and covered
lightly with soil. Summer savory
and sweet marjoram should be cut
whon In full bloom, and sage should
ba cut bofore fall rains sand the
foliage badly. Parsely sown In tho
Spring may be left In the ground
during the Winter, where It will
remain fit for use at any time.
Lettuce. Plenty of manure and
water re essential. The seed may
be sown in the open as soon as the
ground can be worked in the Spring
For a fall crop the seed may be
sown the last of August.
Onions. Well-worked soil rich in
plant-food Is essetial. Work the soil
thoroughly by digging and raking.
Sow seed In shallow furrow and firm
soli over the seed. Seeding should
commence as soon as possible in tho
Spring In order that the plants be
come well established before the hot,
dry weather. Whon plants are large
enough to be used as green onions
they should be thinned to about four
Inches apart. The withering and
falling of tho tops lndlcnto maturity
and tho onions should be pulled.
After pulling, leave them In rows
en the ground to dry; this will take
about a week; when dry, they may
be topped and stored.
Onion-sets may be bought as de
sired from the Bcodsman. They may
be sot in the Spring as soon as all
danger from frost is over, care be
ing taken not to sot too deeply,
The same care and preparation of
tho Boll as recommonded for onion?
Is advlsablo for growing onions from
sets. The sets should be placed In
rows fourteen Inches apart and three
Inches apart in the rows. When
placed In the rows they should bo
barely covered.
Farnnlp Parsnip require the same
kind of soli and preparation as ad
tlned for carrots. The plants are
sown In drills and thinned to four
tnches apart,
Peas. Peas may be sown In the
Spring as soon as the ground can be
worked. Thorough manuring and
the deep-working of the soil Is rec
ommended. Seed Is sown In rows
two foet apart. Succesmonal sow.
tugs mar be made up until the mid
die of May, but as the pea Is a cool
season vegetable early plantings are
the most successful.
Radish. The seed may bs sown
In the Spring as toon as th ground
Is fit to worlt. Successive sowing
ten days apart may be made until
June 1st. Kail plantings may bo
made between the middle and Uu
nd of August. It also makes
very good crop for hotbed work.
Khubard. A rich soli Is very de
slrnble for rhubard. A heavy sprit'
cation of barnyard manure combined
with deep snd thorough digging
Should be the rule beforo sotting on
the plants.
crowns. For the home garden it Is
more satisfactory to buy plants from
tho nurseryman or florist. Planting
may be done in either the Fall or
Spring, and the plant set so that
the top is Just below the level of
the ground.
The first year it is advisable to
remove as few stalks as possible in
order that the roots may become
well established. Manure heavily In
the late Winter or early Spring and
dig into the ground.
In order to force rhubard in the
small garden, the following practice
is usually carried out: About Feb
ruary 1st invert a barrel over each
rhubard-fbot, and then bank tho
sides to tho height of at least two
feet with barnyard manure. In
about three weeks the rhubarb un
der the barrel will be fit for use.
Spinach. Ope of the earliest gar
den products. The seed may be sown
In the Spring as soon as the ground
can be worked, and successiomtl
sowings made every two weeks until
the middlo of May. The ground
cannot be mado too rich, and the
richer it is the less liable the plant
1b to go to seed. For a Fall crop,
seeding should be done about Aug
ust 1st. For a crop that you intend
to carry through the Winter and
use In the early Spring, seeding
should be done about September 1st.
Squash. The hills for planting
are prepared similarly to those rec
ommended for cucumber growing.
The hills are placed In rows bIx feet
apart each way. Plant seed aa soon
as dangor from late frost is past.
Vegetable marrow may be used as
soon as they are of sufficient slue.
Late varieties may be harvested as
Boon as tho vines begin to die in
the fall. When harvesting, leavs
part of the stem attached to the
squash, as this will lessen danger
from rot.
Squash should be stored In a thor
oughly dry and frost-proof room.
Tomatoes. For the garden, plants
may be raised by the gardener or
obtained from the greenhouse man.
The latter will bo found to be thi
most satisfactory for the city man.
Plants are set In the garden In rowr
three feet apart and from eighteen
tnches to two feet apart In the row.
The plants are Bet in the ground
when they are seven to nine Inches
high and are trained to a Bingle
stem, which is supported by tying
to a stake. All laterals are re
moved, and when the plant Is about
four f'M high it IB pinched back
TurnlpB. For the early crop the
seed may bo sown ns soon as the
ground can be worked In the Spring,
For the main crop for Winter use
the seed Is flown about June 1st, A
continuous gTowth Is necessary to
produce quality; a growth checkod
by heat or lack of moisture dovol
ops a root containing much fibre
and larking In quality.
Insert.
Cabbace Maggot. This insoct at
tacks the stem of cabbage, caull
flower, and brussels sprouts at the
baso. There are two methods of
control:
(1) Apply one cupful of the fol
lowing solution around plant at time
of planting and again a week later:
I gill of cruda carbolic acid; 4 oz
of soft soap; 1 quart of water. DIs
solve lonp In water and add carbolic
acid. Dilute with Blx gallons of
water.
(2) Tar-paper disk method, fake
a ploce of tar-paper about threo
Inohes square. On this square make
a cut from the side to the centre;
at right angles to this cut make a
second one to extend about one-
quarter Inch on each Bide of the
first and across the centre. As soon
as the plant Is sot, fit this dink
around the bano of It.
BREEDING.
IT IS NEVER SAFE to blame the
1 male birds alone when fertility
runs. low. The trap neat tells us
many interesting facts when it is per
sistently used and the records are
studied. In many cases it will be
found that eggs from different hens
mated to the same male vary widely
In this respect. Some hens will lay
eggs which are practically all In
fertile. In such cases the unsatisfac
tory females should be shifted to dif
ferent pens, as this frequently cor
rects the trouble.
The question of the blood relation
ship of the male and his mates
should also be considered. Some few
breeders make up their matlngs re
gardless of this, merely insisting that
the stock shall give every evidence
of perfect health. However, such a
practice frequently causes disaster,
especially when brother and slstor
are bred together. It is far Bafer to
use birds which are not thus closely
related.
so long that a large amount of the1
moisture will evaporate before It ea
ters the soil.
When the farmers plow their land
In the spring they will be unable to
tell whether it is loose and absorp
tive, or firm, for it will be wet. Hera
is where many farmers are deceived,
for In dry farming we must rely,
very largely upon the supply of mois
ture that is below the iffepth of plow
ing. Experiments conducted by the
station in various parts of the state
have invariably shown that more
than three times as much moisture is
stored beneath a loose, absorptive
surface as under a firm surface, even,
in the same fields.
Need of Loose Surface.
When a good rain falls on a firm
surface, a large per cent will run
off, especially if tho soil Is sloping.
If the surface is level, the moisture
will be held at or near the surface
MATING.
S A RULE In raising turkeys, one
male Is mated to ten females,
though some breeders allow as
few as Bix, and others as many as
fifteen. The hens will begin to lay
early in the spring, and during this
season should receive a varied ration,
not unlike that furnished laying
fowls. A similar menu, largely corn
and wheat, will serve for the rest
of the year, especially if the flock is
given a wide range and so permitted
to find much food,
Most growers watch the turkey
hens carefully, in order to locate
their hidden nests and remove the
eggs as fast as laid. These are placed
under common hens and the turkey
hen Is permitted to hatch her sec
ond clutch of eggs.
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Miatr rfttctiqus, rrtt book ifaowt photo
M'lwjn irom owner. Hpeciftl prkw
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l"i ' mill i-m
Queniult Oil Company
Great fortunes on very small Investments have often been mado
In oil. We believe we have the best showing of oil ever discovered,
In an undeveloped field, In North America. We have all our ma
chinery and are now drilling the well. Company has small capital
isation and is managed by successful business men. Shares (1 for
Bhort time. Write for full particulars. v
QUENIULT OIL COMPANY
211 National Realty Building, Tacoma, Wash.
S30L
Mill
MILITARY
ACADEMY
A SaUtl Non-Sactarlaa Boarding tud Dai
School for Boys, Military Slirlplln.i Small
Classes; Men Tearhen. Cartful inpsrvlsLon
Plant msy be obtained either hy !,. ,, , ,,,,
planting from seed or by ohtnlnliiK til Marshall Strut, PorUand, Ortgoa,
SECOND ANNUAL
PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL
STEIN SALE
This is the greatest sale of Registered Holstcins ever
held West of Chicago. Finely bred cows and heifers in calf
to tho greatest bulls of tho breed. More high-record bulls
than were ever beforo offered at a public sale. In all we
will soil
150 HEAD
December 11 and 12, North Portland, Ore.
Tho consignors represent tho best breeders in the North,
west and their stock will be sold for what it will bring.
"Writo for Catnlog to
GEORGE A. QUE, RIDGEFIELD, WASHINGTON.