Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, October 24, 1914, Home and Farm Magazine Section, Page 9, Image 23

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Inventions and Appliances
Health and Sanitation
USING a noncorroalve galvanized
metal, an Ohio concern Is build
ing metal silos which are strong,
durable and rigid, withstanding the
varying elements of all seasons, and
cannot dry out or crack. Actual
tests havo shown that these silos
preserve a far larger proportion of
,-f i I , . W
Silos Mudo of Metal Show
Superiority. v
the contents in usable condition than
even the best wooden ones. Metal
Bllos are neat, and while they should
bo palntod every year, the upkeep Is
low and their life extends over many
years. They are simple In construc
tion and can easily be put up by two
men, neither of whom need be an
expert. ,
THE TELEPHONE 1b being put to
many strange uses as a labor
saver and an emorgency aid. In
the cost-keeping systems In many fac
tories, the workmen do not keep their
own time records, but telephone to
the bookkeeper whenever they start
or finish a Job, so that be can make
the entry. Automatic telephone tem
perature recorders are used in orch
ards to save fruit crops from frost;
when the temporature falls, the cen
tral operator Is notified so that she
can arose the farm hands and send
them out with Bmudge pots.
GN. Fraior of Eugene, Ore., haR
a Invented a good range for camp
ing trips, and has now made an
Improvement on his first take-down
device. It consists of four sections:
a firo box section, a flue section, op
posite to and facing the fire box sec
tion, and Intermediate upper and low
er sections. And the virtue of the
thing Is that all four may readily be
assembled and taken apart, and when
separated may be stored in a mini
mum space.
NSEIIT a oafety-razor blado in an
ordinary pair of Bctssors and uso
Uiem as a handlo in stropping in
the same manner as the ordinary
THE DISCOVERY that the milled
curved-tooth file, which has
como Into quite general use since
Its Invention in 1900, can be re
sharpened an easily as a milling cut
tor, is considered an advance In shop
practice greater than the Invention
of the file itself. The fact that In
the making of the curved-tooth file
each tooth Is cut and milled sepa
rately suggested a mothod of ro
sharponlng similar to the original
cutting, and a machine has been de
vised for the purpose. This file
sharpening machine consists of a
small flno-grlndlng wheel which oper
ates In nn adjustable arc to conform
to the curve ot the teeth. Tho file
to bo shnrpened Is fed through the
machine by a small hand wheel In
front, and the grinding wheel Is
passed through each tooth In turn by
means of a guide lever attached to
the whcol mounting, Ilosharpenlng
will lncreaso the lifo of a file considerably.
Tho lilarfce of tho Scissor Will
Hold the Wafer Razor Blade Se
curely for Stropping.
raior. If tho points ot the scissor
blados are too open to grip the wafer
blade and hold It socurely, Insert a
thick piece of paper with the blado,
snow rmw port clearing:
I shapod plow made of boards and
attached to the shank of an ordi
nary garden plow after removing Uie
Lewu Audible Speed Indicator
A slmplo contri
vance which at
tache to tho
crank hnndlo of
any separator and
is ndjustod to the
required " p o e d.
llntil tho right
speed is rescued
an alarm boll
rlnpi; when the
right speed Is at
tained, the bell
stops ringing hut tlioro is s eloarly au
dible, click to be henrd with eaeh revo
lution, When tho propor speed is pusHed
and tho machine it turned too rapidly,
tho click censes,
Fortltud, Oregon.
i mr n kills lice
LtlL-"W On Poultry
President Northwest Siimb Club '
Indorses l.lco-O.
Vancouver. Wash,, June 29, '14.
Gentlemen: I have used your
Llce-0 on some of my fins pigeons
and Barred Hocks with most excel
lent results. 0. A. WARREN.
Is applied hut twice a yonr while
powdor Is applied twice a month
Large Tube, BOc Postpaid.
B8SM Wauh. Bt, Portland, Ore.
PREVENTION is more practicable
than cure, So enormous have
been the losses In livestock from
contagious diseases In tho past year
that every farmer and breeder In the
land must decide what action he is
going to take on his own farm to
stop them. A glance at the reports
issued by the Government shows that
livestock losses from contagious dis
eases are Increasing from year to
year, and the facts indicate that un
less a firm and decided stand is taken
against disease large numbers of
breedors will find themselves obliged
to quit their business. Even now
many hog raisers are planning to en
gage In less profitable lines of agri
culture becauso cholera and pneu
monia put them out of the hog business.
It Is hard to find a breeder who
will not agree with you when yon
say to him that prevention Is better
than etire. But for his part In nine
cases out of ten he quietly submits
to the risk and loss of trying to cure
the disease after it makes its appear
ance. It Is true that to depend on
curing disease when It comes is eaBier
for the man who is willing to take
this thance, but men who earn a
living by the sale of livestock and
dairy products cannot longer afford
to take this chance. We cannot af
ford to remain Idle with a yearly
and steadily growing loss of over
(100,000,000 staring us In the face.
Prevention has not been extensive
ly tried against contagious diseases of
livestock, and, therefore, we muBt
look to the results which have been
achloved In the prevention of con
tagious disease among human beings.
It has been determined by reputable
physicians that whore the systom of
preventing contagious diseases has
been practiced 76 por cent of tuber
culosis, 80 per cfliit of malaria, 80
per cent of dysentery, 75 per cent of
lnfluonsa, 70 per cont of diphtheria
and 70 per cont of typhoid fover
have been prevented. Just an ex-
amplo or two will serve to show how
this systom works out, A prominent
Eastern university simply disinfected
the school room floors and hallways
at regular Intervals with the result
that tho number of colds and soro
throats causing absence from classes
was cut down to 60 per cent. A more
striking example is found In tho
building of the Panama Canal. Whllo
the French government had charge of
the work an average of 100 work
men out of every 1,000 died of the
fovnr. Under the TJnltcd Statos gov
ernment, on the other hand, whore
the system of prevention was adopt
ed, and the proper draining and ells-
lnfoctlnri measures, were practiced.
the average numbor of deaths from
fever was reduced to 23 por 1,000,
When wn consider that prevention
of contagious disease In human be
ings Is made much more difficult be
cause of conditions In densoly popu
lated cltlos, and the more frequent
exposure to Infection through the
great amount of travel and other
moans of Intercourse, tho results that
have been accomplished are truly re
On the farm the animals can bq
kept In one place directly under the
control of the farmer, who knows;
Just what food they are eating and
what they are drinking and can keep
Infected animals away from his herd.
The human being, on the other hand,
moves about of his own free will,
mingling alike with the well and the
diseased, and eating and drinking
food and water which may, for alt
he can tell, carry with it all manner
of Infectious disease germs.
There is, therefore, no reason whf
the prevention of disease among farm
animals should not be even more
successful than In the case of human;
It has been stated by a prominent
authority that controlling and pre
venting diseases Is 90 per cent ot .
the business of hog-ralslng. This;
statement has been borne out by the
experience of the last few years;
which have shown that the man who;
makes such work 90 per cent of hisj
business has 90 per cent or 100 per.
cont of bis hogs to haul to market
at tho end of the season, whereaa
the man who Ignores it has 10 per.
cont, often none et all, of his hogs;
loft to sell. Success In breeding;
means acquiring as complote a knowN
edge as possible of disease and the
exercise of good Judgment and never
ceasing protection against disease.
For every form of disease there
will be found a cause on the prem
ises. Evory breeder knows that an I
mals in poor health and vitality are
the first to be Infected. The animal's
health Is not absolutely in control ot
the breeder, but science has given
him the means of keeping the prem
ises disease free. The exercise o(
good Judgment, thorofore, demands
that the breeder first rid his premise.
of all disease germs by thoroughly
dlslnfocting and then keeping them
so throughout tho year. Where dlav
Infecting Is dono thoroughly an
regularly, disease cannot attack anl
mals. No matter what their bodily
condition may be, for tho very simple
roason that there is no disease there
to lnfoct This Is the essence of the;
idea of prevention.
Tho Idea of preventing diseases hni
already gained a Btrong foothold
among broeders, and tho reports re
ceived from thorn bear out the con
clusion arrived at in this article,
Thoy have reported buccosb In keep
ing hog cholora and poultry dlscnue
off their farms, while their neighbors
stood by and walehed disease roll
them of the fruits of tholr year'
labor. Kimball's Dairy Farmer.
for young man mnihanlrmlly Inrllncd la
otir Automobile Engluoarlng Courao. You
raoalvo ft tbnrmiglt knuwli-rign of repair
ing and aaanmbllng antnmnbllra, And how
to onaralo gaaultna onfflnps ot all kind.
CnUrnmlk haa morn aulomnblloa than
any oilier Wc mm alaln. Wo liulp ynt
find a poaltlon aflar graduation. Kndnrapil
br Homo Induatrr I"n, Charnnil
11)08, HoiilUI draorlblng thlt and SI)
oihor mono making oouraoa in. I VKKK.
Rapt. S.
Uudorwood Bldg., Sau I'rauclHO.
Cor, rtral and Madlaoi, Spokana, Wait,
stop with us i Ton YAi.tm
MaaagomMI Arthur q. Jurg,
Ratal tot and Up. Ipaolai Waaklf BaUi.
The Rhovct Is Altwlied to Uie Shank
of a Warden Plow and Used as
When Plowing Boll.
shovel. Each board la 10 Inches wide
and 2 feat leng. The rear ondi are
3 feet apart, braced with a sross-
plece, fastened securely as shown. I . , -r-r-r a -r nr
Thi. nl surauM! a snow shorel PIKE AS MARKTlAM VU
many times fur sue and speed. m Washington Bt, Portland, Oregoa
Bny en and take
pictures ot J on r
stocks, crops and
W rT all
inppllee and do
iiuiun ne rue wnnnc' nmn cam lAf.
With or Without Bum Saw AHachmanl
Will nw 20 to 40 tnrd, of wood pf day at s cool oJ
11.00, PULLS ITSLLF op tho itr-at HILL and
enr tilt roiigKMt ground, Coiti rtt than otlwt taaksa,
Out naa writes Rt aawrd 56 rkki la 10 houra.
Aaothtr tawrd 40 eordt in V houra. Thtrti
nan you englit to know. Write lor FREE cat.
ulnf eonlatnmg full cMenpnnn wsn ir-timm
horn rnduinarite irwra. WKIrr. TODAY
1t I la