Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, October 10, 1914, Home and Farm Magazine Section, Image 24

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    HOME AND FARM MAGAZINE SECTION
Poultry and Dairy Products at Exposition
What "Small Produce" Means to the Modern Fanner, Appliances and Methods to Be Shown In Agricultural Palace at Panama
wnao ouuui u Pacifio Fam ag a Manufactunng Plant.
(liy Charles W. Btevonson.)
TAKING the farm oi a manufactur
ing unit tho value of the Bmall
produco risoB into largo national
Importance. It is not many years since
J. Ogilon Armour Btnrtled tho country
by a scries of articles in the Saturday
Evoning Tost on the use of the ro
frigerator car and its value to tho farm
ers nf the countrv. The erowth of
great cities whilo presenting problems
01 serious political iinpon iuriiisjies a
vast nmrlt nt fur the farmer. The in
crease of transportation lines and the
facilities lor marketing prouueo aavo
added materially to the farmer's an
nual Income. The woll-managcd farm
lias become in truth, a factory. Inven
tion and machlnory have become neces
sary adjuncts, and the telcphona fur
nished a daily prico list.
But os in the caso with every ad
vancing Industry in a country densely
populated, having direct and abundant
railroad connections, the larger markets
unntivil rii-inm. Tlinfc tliin has been of
immense advantngo to the farmer tho
present high sculo of prices of milk,
butter, poultry and eggs testify. St.
Louis, Chicago and New York prices
on turkeys, as an illustration, during
the holiday season, now control the
tnblo of tho town-dweller throughout
the wholo Mississippi Volley. And
Where, twonty years ago, the market in
tho adjacont town controlled the price,
por dozon of spring broilers, today tho
prico is quoted, per pound, at an ad
vance of 300 to 400 per cent, whoro,
formerly, tho farmer ton miles from a
Aftmilru fnvn amiM not 'marknt tho
milk of his cows bovo by tho laborious
procoss of churning it into butter by
primitive methods, now uy moans or
41ia rnnm luumrntnr. the extrnctod
values oan bo sold at stablo market
prices at tho front gate. Bo that it has
become nrofilahlv practical to pay at
tention to theso byproduct of tho
lurin.
Two He mil U.
Prom those changes two result! are
apparent. Small factories are continu
ally springing up to cousumo tho dairy
products or smaller growing
aronsj and country towns and small
railroad stations have become Bhipping
points for nil kinds of farm products,
especially poultry and eggs. Not only
thiH, but (ho farm lias become a fno
' tory for converting tho raw material
Into tho finished product, or advancing
it part way toward completion for ron
umptlnn. And again, reverting to the
farm ns n unit, the farm Industry can
no longer Ignoro these sources of In
come, Nor can tho farmer refuse to
keep olironst of the prices which pro
vail j mid while tho world'! crop con
Imlri Hie nrieo nf cereals, domostio con
sumption and trade must ulways afford
minimum or domination in mo ov
unit pnmitrins In the matter of small
produce, albeit affected by the donslty
. ... .... 1L L
or population nna 1110 growvu oi gnmi
cities. The Inw of supply Bnd demand
fans morn freedom of action and glvos
greater bonefit.
If ulliiurn that II ffrnnn of the nz
V;l.li In enminir 'natn I'solfio
Tiilnmutinniil KuniisLtlnn devoted to a
showing of "Appliance! and Methods
In An-rtniiHnrnl Industries" of the
character onumorntcd, must provo of
decided advantage nnd grcnt service to
II, a fnrmnrs of the world. And it ll to
bo mentioned that the farmer! of the
United States may learn much from the
display of European states, while South
American countries have even a larger
source of Information in tho progress of
both.
Magnitude Shown.
A fow figures on dairy products and
tho production of poultry and eggs in
tho United States, available from tho
thirteenth consns, shows the magnitude
of these industries. In 1909 tho pro
duction of poultry, inclusive of chick
nun. cninoa fowls, turkovs. eccse, ducks,
niitpnna and neafowls. amounted to
$488,468,354; the valuo 01 rowis Taiseu
during thoyear reaching $20Z,oo8,'Ja,
nn inc.rn.iso of 47.9 Dor cent over tho
total valuo for ton years earlier. The
production of eggs lor tho same year
(1909) was 1,091,311,371 dozen. For
this yoar this waa a production of 5.31
fowls por capita and 17.3 dozen eggs por
capita.
Again, the dairy industry for the
United States, year 1909, roveals the
followinn:
Cows kept for milk on
farma. number 20,625,432
Cowb kept for milk not on
fnrmB, numbor . i,iu,jb
Total 21,795,770
Milk produced on farms,
callons 5,813,699,174
Butter made on farms, num
ber of pounds 094,650,610
Buttor made in fatcorios,
pounds , 03,YtM,0!)J
Total .
..1,019,415,203
n h a a a mule on farms.
pounds u,ua,ou
riinnna mniln in factories.
pounds.
It becomes imperative therefore that
tho progressive farmer acquaint himself
not only with tho appliances applicable
tn the individual farm, but with those
larger systems which aro employed in
the local factories now Deing pianicu
adjacent to the farms. Ho has double
iutorest in this class of displays, tirsi
in the machinery ho can install on his
own farm, nnd second in the best kind
to install in tho factory in which ho
may become a stockholder.
Ttinea nrA economic and political
nn1lninft connected with this croup of
. . . . .. ".t. -
farm industries tnat are wormy oi
montion. The tendency of these small
products of the farm must bo to roduce
its acreage, a condition which should bo
hailed as a civic boom. Not only does
tho intensive farming of the individual
acre enlarge its production, but the in-
creaso of tho country nome anus staou
itir tn a nation's political life. Tho
spread of this form of investigation and
knowlcdgo has a tar-reacning cueci aim
adds a force and valuo to the depart
ment of agricultnro nt an exposition
that is above material Dencrits ami
commercial profit.
ram as a Factory.
Nevertheless, it intensifies the farm
er's consideration of the farm ns a
unit, a factory, if you will, to be oper
ated in tho light of the best DiisincHs
methods. Just how far the individual
farmor may go in dovoting land, time
and capital to those phasos of produc
tion will employ his niguesi Dusmcsn
miniMi and must be dependent upon
not only the productive conditions of
hi! individual ncrongo, dui ins minima
to the immcdiato and rcmoto marneis.
But it seoms certain that, with cur
Total .
320,532,181
rent prices, no farmer can refuse to
include some portion of this kind of
production in his scheme oi mailing dm
own enterprise bring the boBt returns.
Nor does it seem that tho growth of
individual dairy, poultry ana vogoiaoia
farms will destroy this. In a senso it
is n utilization of waste, in unoccupica
and unproductive lands, waste in shat
tered grain, wasto in the valuo of fod
dor and roughness and the marketable
portion of the major crop. Yet, while
this is true, failure to tako advantage
nf mndnrn mac.hinerv connected with
theso farm industries must render thorn
a burden rather than a benefit
Announces and methods ns shown, is
this group at tho Panama-Pacific In
ternational Exposition must return es
pecial benefit to every farmer who will
attend. Manifestly, tho exchango of
ideas botweon the countries must ro
H in ornntnr rcfloctivo studv t.hroueli-
out the world. Tho manufacturers who
exhibit in this section will receivo in
return tho commercial rewards of merit,
tho only basis of lasting trado. Tho
application of electrical motors to larm
machinery is constantly saving labor
and liberalizing lifo upon tho farm. A
recent writor calls attention to tne pos
sibility of returning the loom to the
homo through tho distribution of oloe
trical power, thus solving many of the
swentshop and mill problems oi mo uay.
nn th farm, it is cortain. that no
longer is there any portion of tho total
product beneath tho consideration oi
the skilled and wealthy husbandman,
and with increasing machines to do the
work tho disadvantages are disappear
ing. Tho one-crop farmer, drudging a
vast field, belongs to tho pust.
What Are You
Going To Do?
Your future depend! upon J'onr
training. Lot til trnln you for a suo
ressful bnitincM onreer.
Over 2,000 student! trnlnod by ui
nro holding lucrative iuiiiuiia.
D8iNr.B uoi.it.oh.
I, ll. Wlkr, PrtilJtni
ronn.ANn, oitruos.
Wrlta nt. N Imtililt l nw.
rnn.lni.und milk Produced.
pounds - 494,795,544
International Displays.
Ilemomboring that tho ranama-Pa-if;n
! nn International Exposition, and
thnt the European nations by govern
mental or individual participation aro
in Via nmsnnt. the educative importance
of those display! must riso In the pub
lic regard. Our international agricul
tural exchange! must continuo unuer
tho natural lawi of production in the
great stnples, but this clasi of farm
industries in countrioB liko Germany,
Franco, Holland nnd England must have
much to tell tho farmer! of tho United
States and tho rest of tho world. The
industries aro classified as follow!:
GROUP 118.
Appllaucea and Method! Used In Agri
cultural mauatnos.
Class 567 Typei of agricultural fac-
tnrina ennnnctnu with tannine;
dalriosj crpamorios; chooso fnctoriei,
nl rt.
Cltts! 568 Oil mills; margarine fac
tories; grain elevators and appuanoos,
Class filiO Workshops for tho prepare
ii,,n nf textile fibres.
Class 670 Equipmont for tho brooding
of bird! and for tna nrtuiciai nnicn
Ing, raising or fattonlng of poultry.
Pmiltry food!. Mothod! of and ap
tOinnoiia fur nachlnff nnd transporting.
Clasi 071 Markot gardonlng. Build
ings and nppllnncoi lor growing,
gathering, packing and markoting
vegetnbles, Processe! nnd equipment
nnmlnvnit tn tho forced culturo of
vegetable! nnd plants, with specluiouB
of products.
what In the Unltod Stale! is nn ever
domostio tru.lo in the older
countries mentioned ontcn Into tho for
eign exchange, Holland, for example,
selling Its chief foreign shipment! to
it! neighbors.
rarmor Ownership
Taking Class 667, comprising dairies,
ei-.tnnifiriea and cheese factories, the Im-
nnrinnea tn the Individual farmer lies
in the fuct that tin tendency of the
i In. n la towards stock company owner
hlp of nil of these aiming the farmers
theniNi'lvCS. In tho State of Iowa the
farmers principally own lh creameries.
And It la almost certain with tuo ex
tension of tho ngrlciillttrai credit syi
teni, a! operated In Oerinnuy, to the
formers of the United States, the own
ership of these local factories by the
farmer! tlieiinelvei will increase.
Lusic Taught hy Mail
ANY INSTRUMENT SUCCESS GUARANTEED
Our cnune o( Iriiinirtlon li alnolulctr new. ll ImloriM tr letfl
Int tnclirn md enntr rvaiurlrt. Mctnitiome lor tcacliinr time
Inchidtd free. A cbtW an lero. Tuiiloo low. liuulliacM
31
SEND FOR FREE BOOK
fW.lrnt rrrrlrd the time mention M If Mtendlnr pertonil
tearber. Over )UOO lutcnilul itilutM, Hrlrrencct, North
wwirrri National Bank, Punland, wJ wf iW'lent iiamw wid
tdilrcMcioii rnjueJC
AMERICAN SCHOOL Or MUSIC
Cth ft Ankony Bt, Portland, Ore.
HiilllliHlIlElB
6ISTER
TO
BUY
332 0 YES
November 3, 1914
Registration Books Re-Opened NOW
'L ADAMS, of OREGON CITY, leadlngmtr-'
chant, . "Strum Oregon Clip wont drp,
bulnta ha much Improvtd. Colltctton
art easier. I hat fliuvr bad bills. Abolition
ofiht taloon has turned a vast turn dallp to
the channels of trad, Checks that used to
mbe cashed In saloons art now fashed In stores,".
Paid AiWetilirmriit hy (InnimlttM of On. ItiiiKlrad
74! Mmiu UulliUnl fultlsixl. Oltsu
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