Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, October 10, 1914, Home and Farm Magazine Section, Page 2, Image 16

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HOME AND FAEM MAGAZINE SECTION
Oregon Agricultural College is the Friend of
Page of News Notes and Interesting Articles Specially Written by College Experts For
View oi Oregon
NNDTJSTRIAXi CLUB MEMBER
MADE MONET IN POULTRY
P PROFIT of $32.33 on an invest
ment of $110.98 for eight months
wan mado by E. Vernon Rains,
a mombor of tbo boys' industrial club,
who ongagcd in the poultry contost
conducted by tho Agricultural Collego
nd tho State School Superintendent.
This is a 30 per cent gain, and since
the period of actual investment hard
ly averaged eix months, tho actual
rata of profit was about 60 per cent.
And in addition to tho money gain
the flock has boon transformed from
mongrel to pure brads, and tho con
testant has a valunblo stock of in
dustrial and business cxporicneo that
will stand him in good stead for the
remainder of his natural lifo.
During tho eight months of contest,
from January 1 to September 1, tho
average sir.e of Vernon's flock of lay
era wac 40 hons. From this flock he
leeurod 4021 eggs, an average of 100
eggs for each bon. This was an aver
ago of but 12.6 eggs per lien for ouch
month of tho contest.
The oggn wore sold moBtly to tho
loighbors and t6 his own family, a
fow going to tho local market. Only a
few woro sold as high as 40 cents a
down, and some were sold at 15 cents
per domn. Peed was all bought except
Mm green food, and the prevailing ro
tail market prico was paid. Vornon
ay that hens must haro green feed
to keep them In health and vigor, and
that they must have meat If tbey arc
expected to lay.
Chickens wero hntched by incuba
tor and by hens, tho latter proving
tho most satisfactory. From 305 incu
bator eggs 213 chickens were hatched,
and from 288 eggs set nnder hons 221
thickens wero hntched, Vernon set
two lions at tho ssmo time when pos
sible, and gavo all tho ebicka to one,
resetting tho other,
Tlint ho made mistakes, ho admits,
la his report. Tfio worst mistako was
feoding young chicks wet mash to tho
extent that they would not cat grains.
They grew so slowly that at four
months of ago they weighed but a
pound each,
On his report, Vornon was graded
100 per cent, Ho lias yot to mnlio an
exhibit of two pullels and ono cock
ered at a fair, where it will bo scored
by local judges. This seoro will be
added to his 100 report seoro and
average made fur his final grade.
Valunblo prir.es go to tho winner, so
that his profits may bo still further In
creased. But ho l entirely satisfied
with his experience, and says that fur
a sninll amount of trouldo ho received
great pleasure and fair compensation,
and that the content brought him Into
contact with tho real world.
HUNKS MALHEUR WILL BB
GREAT DAIRY COUNTRY.
MAY Til AT NOW BULLS at 5 a
II ton in the stack In Malheur
County should, If marketed
through the dairy cow, bring fill to 2fl
a ten, thinks K. I). Filts, O. A. C,
Extension dnlryuinn, lie has just
pent two week In the Irrigated ills
trlcts of that county and l Impressed
with Hie opportunities offered there
for succi'ssfiil dairying, The climate
la very favorable to the production of
alfalfa hay and corn ailage, aad enor
mous yields of both crops are ae
cured, A combination of these feeds
with a little grain is what he calls au
Ideal ration fur a dairy cow.
"Corn grows In great luxuriance,'
ays Professor Fltts, "and It Is est I
mated that theto aro 2,000 acres do
toted to this crop this year, Homo of
this corn will yield about 100 bushels
to the acre.
,, re
Agricultural Uoliogo, liorvauia, Oregon,
"Silos are being built and very
large yields of ensilage aro reported.
County Agriculturist W. R. Shinn and
myself weighed the yield from a
measured square rod on the farm of
E. B. Conkin and socured 286 pounds,
which is a rato of 45,700 pounds per
aero, 22 tons a yield soldom exceed
ed oven in tho corn growing sections
of tho East.
"Dairying is in its infancy as yot,
but I find a desire for information on
dairy subjects wherover I go. A cheese
factory is in successful operation at
Nysaa and provides a good market for
the milk that is produced.
"I feel sufe in making the pro
diction that dairying will soon become
ono of tho leading industries of tho
irrigated sections of Mulhour County,
and provo a largo factor in developing
tho county and adding to its wealth."
SELECTING SEED SAMPLES FOB
TESTING AT THE FAIR.
FARMICR8 who wish to take advant
age of tho offer of freo seod test
ing by tho Agricultural College at
the Oregoo Stato Fair, aro oncred the
following directions for securing satis
factory tests:
In order to seonro snmples that nrc
strictly representative of tho entire lot,
all small seeds, such as grasses, clovers
and alfalfa, should bo spread on a
cloth or clean floor and thoroughly
mixed. This is necessary in order to
mako tho test a Tollablo guido to the
character and quality of tho entire lot.
If samples aro taken from the top of
tho sack more than tho normal amount
of chaff and light seod will be secured
and less than the normal amount of
some of tho small, heavy wood Deeds,
such as dodder and mnstnrd.
After having thoroughly mixed the
lot of seed, samples of each lot of the
smull grains nro taken by dipping up a
heaping tnblespoonful and putting it
into a bottlo or sack which is to bo
properly closed and correctly labeled.
Hamples of cereals and other largo
grains should include six heaping table
spoonfuls of each kind, These samples
aro to be put into receptacles and prop
erlv labeled,
Tests for purity will be mado nt the
fair as largely ns possible, by Miss
Tai'obs, expert seed tester for tho Col
lego and V. 8, Depnrtniont of Agrleul
ture. Miss Jacobs will have seed germl
nntors in operation In this exhibit, but
farmers who wish reports on tho gor
niinnting quality of their seed will
necessarily have to wait until after the
fulr to receive them. It requires nt
least six days to mako a reliablo test
of germination.
COLLEGE YEAR OPENS,
R'
KUIHTHATION' at the Oregon Agri
cultural Collego began Friday,
September 18, and Instructional
work begun on tho Tuesday following.
Tho number of upper classmen and
graduate who returned to continue
collego work Is somewhat larger than
last year, Owing to tho higher stand
ards of admission and to disturbed
business conditions throughout the
whole world, the number of freshmen
entering show a slight decrease over
tho number last year, Entrance sta
tistics haro not been compiled but It
Is probabln that (lie considemhto nam
ber of vocational students will bring
the total registration slightly in ad
vance of that of last yenr, This Is the
first year In which vocational work,
open to eighth grade students of re
quired age and to more mnturo men
mid women, linn been cnrrled by the
Agricultural College, and there nro In
direlions that the work of the Course
will attract a great many students,
College buildings, grounds and equip-
tue sole Aim or wmcu is to AW Agricuuunuu.
ment are in better condition for the
beginning of the school year than ever
bofore. Also thirty-nino new members
have been added to tho faculty, either
to fill newly created positions or va
cancies caused by resignation. Tho out
look for a good and prosperous year is
exceptionally bright,
FLIES DESTROY CUTWORMS.
I ANY CUTWORMS have been para
1 sitized by tho species of blowfly
that deposits its eggs on tho cut
worm s neck, whence tho larva enters
tho worm and causes its death. In an
insect breeding cago at the Agricultural
College Professor Lovet.t found that
80 por cent of tho worms collected in
tho Willumetto Valley aro fatally In
fested. Uo hopes that this means a re
duction of the pest that has wrought
such havoc in clover fields and garden
crops to a point of little importance for
noxt year. Ho is very anxious for farm
ers to co operate with this naturnal
onemy of tho cutworm by cleaning up
ami burning or plowing under all crop
romnunta, woeds and other trash of
fiolds and roadways, which may offer
breeding homes fur tho cutworm. All
cutworms that have been parasitized by
tho Trachid fly may retreat to thoir
winter home, spin thoir cocoon, and go
into the pupa stage. Hut when the
wurm unuhino of next spring culls
thorn to come forth as moths they will
have been consumed, and in their stead
thoro Issues from tho chrysalis not a
cutworm, but a Trachid fly. If larni
org will do thoir part, it socms that
the cutworm post will bo eut off from
serious dumngc, possibly for several
yours.
BUILD UP nORSB HERD GRADING
ON ONE LINE.
KN WHO havo made a success of
hnrso breeding nro those who
have picked out ono typo and
one brood and kept up improvement
along tho ono line, Is tho viewpoint
of Professor Carl W. Kennedy, tire now
horso man at O. A. C. "Tho stallions
tlint they used wero of the sumo brood
and always puro bred and sound.
"Few men aro able to sell ill of
thoir poor horses and replace them
all at once with good ones, but there
aro few lortrtitici in the stute where
there are not sound, puro bred, lirensed
tullions that will greatly Improve this
work stock, A continual nso of these
good stallions Is always tanking for
improvement. A use of poor stallions
or stallions of different breeds Is not
grndlng stuff up, but Is generally hold
ing It at a stnuilstill or grading It
down. The economic, or money view
point of livestock raising, demands that
the horses be Improved. I lie Oregon
Agricultural College Is advocating that
tho farmers and ranchmen chooso the
breed of horses that they prefer and
then breed to a sound, licensed, pure
bred stallion that will improve their
stock consistently,"
GRAIN TOR RANGE. CATTLB.
SEVERAL cattle feeders of the
Irrigated districts of the 1'rlne.
vlllo country tried the experi
ment of feeding grnln to their fatten
ing cnllle last, winter, according to
It. H, Reynolds, who has Just re
turned from an extended observation
trip through that part of (.regno,
where farmers Institutes were held by
the agricultural advisor and members
of the O. A. C, staff, "Very satis
factory results wero secured," says
Mr, Reynolds, "and further expert
incuts will be curried on this com
ing winter. Owing to a scarcity of
rouge, cattleinen are considering the
advisability of feeding the one y mr
olds Instead of the two year olds,
the Farmer
This Newspaper.
was done In the past Cattle Taising i
tho principal livostock Industry, and
although hogs would undoubtedly do
well there, farmers aro reluctant to
undertake hog raising becnuso of tho
distance from market "
WIPE OUT HOO CHOLERA.
HOG CHOLERA will bo banished
from Oregon and Jiopt out per
petually If tho co-opornUvo plana
of tho Agricultural College and Bureau
of Animal Industry succood. A veter
inarian spocially trained In methods
of combatting hog eholora will bo em
ployed to conduct an educational cam
paign throughout the stato. Tbo work
will be in charge of the diroctor of
Extension. Dr. Virgil W. Knowlos, who
has been appointed to carry on thia
work, will co operate closely with the
stato livestock sanitary board and the
state voterinnrian. This work will b
begun Immediately.
COURSES OF STUDY.
OREGON Agricultural college onori
tho following courses of study,
each of whieh extends over four
years and leads to tho degreo of Eacho
lor of Scienee:
In tho School of Agriculture, mo jo
courses in -
(a) Genornl Agriculture.
(b) Agronomy.
(c) Animal Husbandry.
(d) Dairy Husbandry.
(0) Horticulture.
(f) Poultry Husbandry.
(g) Agricultural Chemistry.
(h) Agricultural Ractoriology.
(1) Botany and riant Tathology.
(j) Economic Zoology.
(k) Economic Entomology,
In the School of Forestry, major
courses In
(a) General Forestry.
(b) Logging Engineering.
In tho Sehnol of Homo Economic,
major courses In
(a) Domestic Science
(b) Domestic Art.
(c) Homo Administration.
(d) Institutional Management.
Iu the School of Engineering, mnjof
oourses In
(a) 'Civil Engineering.
(b) Electrical Engineering.
(e) Meclianlral Engineering.
(d) Highway Engineering,
(e) Irrigation Engineering.
(f) Industrial Arts,
In the Krhool of Mines, major coursoi
ln-
(n) Mining Engineering,
(b) Ceramics,
(c) Chemical Engineering,
In the School of Commerce, ft mnjof
course In
(a) Commerce.
In tho department of Pharmacy,
courso in
(n) Pharmacy,
In addition to the above liaccnlaiires
ate courses, provision hns been mado fol
tho following vocational courses
() Agrlculluro (one year),
(b) Dairy (ono year).
(c) Homo Makers' Course (one ysarji
(d) Mechanic Art (threo yoars),
(e) Forestry (Nov, I to April 10).
(f) lluslness Short Course (2 years),
'No work bolow sophomore grade
will be given In Civil Engineering dui
log the year 11)14 15,
L. R. Rroilhaupt, In charge of the
Harney County llraneh Experiment
Hlution, was at the college last week
In tho Interests of his work. Mr,
Ilreitlinupt has cooducted some verj
useful experiments In dry farming
methods, and is getting hold of facta
that will be of great value to farnw
en nf the plcateau perilous of Orejs
esjgon,