Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, September 26, 1914, Home and Farm Magazine Section, Page 11, Image 21

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    HOME AND FARM MAGAZTFTE BECTIOTT
AutumnBestTime to Select Seed Com
Farmer Gathering Hia Own Seed Corn Should Make It a
Special Task.
1 .
AUTUHN is the time to prepare
for a profitable eorn eiop the
following season. At this time
the seed la most abundant and the
ery best ean be obtained before it
has beon in any way reduced in vital
ity. Many lot tho opportunity pass, ex
pecting to purchaao their Bccd corn In
the spring, but the Dopartmout of
Agriculture's specialist in charge of
, eorn investigations advises that the
autnmn is the best tlmo to select good
ecd.
The best plaeo for the farmer to ob
tain seed eorn is from fields on his
own farm, or in his neighborhood, that
wcro planted with a variety which
has generally proved most successful
in that locality. Of eonrso, if a :om
jnnnity has an experienced and honest
eorn brooder on whom it may rely, the
aecd eorn may be obtained from him.
Tho eorn breeder who has demon
strated year after vyear the superiority
of his eorn will demand a special
prieo for his superior seed. Such corn
breeders aro improving corn as cattle
broedcrs have improved eattle. He has
used speeial methods that farmers gen
erally have not time to apply. Five
dollars a bushel Is not too much to
pay and will be a profitable bargain
for both parties.
What la Good Seed Corn?
By far too many consider seed good
imply because it will grow. To be
first eloss, seed must be:
(1) .Well adapted to the seasonal
nd soil conditions where it Is to be
planted.
(2) Grown on productive plants of a
productive variety.
(3) Well matured, and preserved
from ripening time till planting time
in a manner that will retain its full
T'gor.
Tho importance of the three require
ments just enumerated has been demon
strated experimentally by the Depart
ment's Office of Corn Investigations.
The results given briefly, as enumer
ated, are as follows:
(1) For a series of five years, 12
wou-Dreu varieties were tested in 10
Northern states, equivalent lots of seed
being used in each state. Varieties
that produced most in some states were
among the poorest in others.
(2) Seed ears taken from the high
est yielding rows of ear-to-row breed
ing plats have repeatedly produced bet
ter than seed ears taken from poorer
yielding rows. Seed ears from the best
producing stalks found in a general
field produced more than seed ears
taken without considering the pro
ductiveness of the parent stalks.
(3) Pour bushels of ears were di
vided into two qual parts, one port
being woll taken care of and the other
placed in a barn as eorn is ordinarily
cribbed. The well-preserved seed gave
a yield on poor soil 12 per cent high
er than tho poorly preserved and 27
per eent higher on fertile soil, notwith
standing the fact that both lots of
seed gormlnated equally well.
Seed Gathering Special Task.
At corn-ripening time drop ail other
4 business and select an abundance of
seed eorn. The process is too impor
tant to be conducted incidentally while
husking. When selecting seed corn give
the process your entire attention. Get
the very best that is to be had and
preserve it well, and your increased
yields will return you more profit than
any other work you can do on your
farm.
The only proper way to select seed
eorn is from the stalks standing where
they grew, as soon as ripe and before
Jhe first hard freeze.
As soon as tho crop ripens, go
through the field with seed-picking
hags and husk the ears from the stalks
that have produced the most eorn with
out having any speeial advantages,
such as space, moisture or fertility.
Avoid the large ears on stalks standing
singly with an unusual amount of spaee
around them. Preference should be
given the plants that have produced
most heavily in competition with a fall
stand of less productive plants.
In all localities the inherent tend
ency of the plant to produce heavily
of sound, dry, shelled eorn is of most
importance.
Late-maturing plants with ears which
are heavy because of an excessive
amount of sap should be ignored.
Sappine&s greatly increases the weight
and is likely to destroy the quality.
In many sections this fact is not suf
ficiently appreciated.
Care of Soed Corn.
The tendoncy for corn to produce
suckers is hereditary. Other things be
ing equal, soed should bo taken from
stalks that have no suckers.
Tho same day seed eorn is gathered
the husked ears should bo put in a dry
place whero thcro is free circulation
of air, and placed in snch a manner
that the ears do rot touch each other.
Good seed is often mined because it is
thought dry enough when gathered
and tho precaution mentioned is con
sidered unnecessary. Many farmers be
lieve that thoir autumns are so dry
that such care is superfluous. Seed
eorn in every locality gathered at
ripening tlmo will bo benefited by dry
ing as suggested. If left in the hnsk
long after ripening it may sprout or
mildow during warm, wot weather or
becomo infested with weevils.
Tho vitality of soed is often re
duced by leaving it in a sack or in a
pilo for even a day after gathering.
During warm weather, with some mois
ture in tho cobs and kernels, tho ears
heat or mildew in a remarkahly short
time.
Tho Department of Agriculture has
a bulletin that gives in detail the best
manner of treatment for corn after it
is gathered. Tho bulletin also describes
how seed corn should be stored dur
ing the winter and tests of tho ger
mination of seed eorn. The bulletin
may be had free by thoso who -request
Farmers' Bulletin, No. 415, on "Seed
Corn," from the Department's Division
of Publications, Washington, D. C.
PACTTTO NORTHWEST PAIRS.
8opt. 21-28, Pendleton, Or., TJnmt.lla Coun
ty Pair.
Sept. 21-26, Burlington, Wash., Skacit
County Fair.
Sept. 21-26, North Yakima, Wash., Wash
ington Stale Fair.
Sept. 22-25, Eugene, Or., Lane County
Fair.
Sept 22-29, Toledo, Or., Lincoln Connty
Fair.
Sept 22-23, Fossil, Or., Wheeler Connty
Fair.
Sept 22-24, La Grande, Cr., Union Connty
Fair.
Sept 23-26, Snchomlsh, Wash., Snoho
mish Connty Fair.
Sept 22-26, Moscow, Idaho, Latah County
Fair.
Sept. 23-28, Myrtle Point Or., Coo and
Curry Connty Fair
Sept. 23-25, Scio, Or., Linn County Fair.
Sept. 23-25, Hillsboro, Or., Washington
County Fair. ,
Sept. 23 20, HeMtnavrllle, Or, Yamhill
County Fair.
Sept 23-26, Prinerille, Or., Crook County
Fair.
Sept 23 25, The Dalles, Or., Wasco Coun
ty Fair.
Sept. 24-26, Astoria, Or., Clatsop County
Agricultural Fair.
Sept 24-26, Pendleton, Or., the Qound
Up. Sept 24-26, Klamath Falls, Or., Klamath
County Fair.
Sept 25-26, Milwaokie, Or., Milwaukie
Orange No. 208.
Sept 28-Act. 3, Salem, Or., Oregon State
Fair.
Sept 29-Oct. 2, Leviston, Idaho, Lewiston
Clarkston Fair Association.
Sept. 29-Oct. 4, Puyallup, Wash., Woat
ern Washington Fair.
Oct 1-3, Condon, Or., Gilliam County Fair.
Oct 2-8, Sandy, Or., Sandy Grange Fair.
Oct. 6, Salt Lake City, Utah, Salt Lake
(Utah) Fair.
Oct 6-10, Colfax, Wash., Whitman County
Fair.
Oct 16-17, 8t Johns, Wash, Harvest
CarnWal
Oct 26-NoT. 14, Portland, Or., ManufM
turers' and Land ProdneU Show.
Oct 28-31, Taeoma, Wash, Washington
Boys' sod Girls' Agricultural and Industrial
Contest
Nov. 16-21, Spokane, Wash., Spokane Na
tional Apple Show.
Nov. 25-28, Walla Walla, Wash-, O.-W. B.
A N. Corn Show.
Nov. 80-Dee. 5, Lewiston, Idaho, North
west Livestock Annual Show.
Dee. 7-12, Portland, Or, Pacific Interna
tional Livestock Exposition, Union Stock
yards. Dee. T-li, Portland, Or, Oregon Poultry
and Pet Stock Show.
The muskrat is the most important
fur-bearing animal of North America.
In one year alone (1910) 5,500,000
muskrat skins were put on the market,
realizing to the trappers a sum ap
proximately $1,700,000.
SystemsSatlsfy
9
tonthe farm Is the best investment
a farmer can make.'
.. .j.. .'. , 'i. . ... -.i
FROM A FINANCIAL .STANDPOINT it meaKrmorcJ
healthy stock, big saving in your own time .and
labor, protection of your, buildings against ;flroj
'and Increase in selling value of your property;
FROM A FAMILY COMFORT, (STANDPOINT "ll
means that the most desirable of city conveniences
'are placed within your reach, as a result ot which
jthe city loses much of its appeal to your boys and
girls and they are far more contented to stay with
the farm.':, Running water relieves your wife sine
daughters of a great deal ot drudgery and make,
their housekeeping a pleasant task. Just as Ittde
creases yourjvork in the barn-yard, dairy house o;
garden.'" -----
MITCH ELLT WATER SYSTEM ,OWNERS, toKth
"number qf a thousand or more, will testify to.lh
trutn ol these statement From them you tea
learn that a water system is beyond Question
thing that every farmer should install as soon a
he can possibly do so. ".They will tell you of th
provon reliability of the Mitchell Water System
and of the stability and square dealing policy o
the house which for. six years has been selling and
installing Mitchell Pneumatic Systems. They will
tell you that the first cost of the Mitchell Systend
Is very reasonable and the second or operatlvecosj
comparatively nothing
IF YOUR HOME IS WITHOUT WATER underpriS
sure you should look into these things. Let ua
send you our new booklet Through the Eye of i
Camera. From cover to cover this booklet Is full
of pictures of Northwestern homes supplied wittl
; water under pressure by the Mitchell System
Let us send this booklet together with our catalog
showing the principle ot operation and makeuf
'of our system. We want you to have these books
whether you are thinking of Installing a water sys
tem or not. We will send them without obligation,
free and post-paid. .Isn't It worth your while to
'sign and send in the coupon attached to Inland.?
tY.itche.1,
Lewis &'
Staver Co.,
Portland, Or.,
i
SiMfcaiM and.
.pete.
6Mt!MRS .
Pkiw iwl in ruriitM
bMh. -Tjwmcii tt Er 9 JW
Cam to."
4
'. Name .. .. . , , , ..
. r. o. ,
ii mill i in in ii ii iii ii iiii iii ii i mini i n i mi i u wiiim i iiiiiwidi
KING OF THE WOODS" DRAG SAW
With or Without Bun Saw Attachment
Will saw 20 to 40 cords of wood per day at a cost of
$1.00. PULLS ITSELF up the steepest HILL and
ever the roughest ground. Costa less than other makes.
One man writes he (awed 9b neks m IU hours.
Another sawed 40 cords in 9 hours. There's
mora you ought to know. Write for FREE cat
alog containing full description with testimonials
from enthusiastic users. WKllb. 1UUAT.
IOpmM
ftflau
m
,V:ift.H,,
mm.
live
ummmmmmamm
J9L
IS
Maderite in America
One Price-Always
J oz., 10c ,
1 oz., 20c
2 ozs., 36c
CRESCENT MTG. CO., Seattle
1 Lb. 25o
LMUA)DpElRS "
AUTOMATIC HOOK EXTENSION LADDERS AST LENGTH, FRUIT AND STEP LATA
DEBS A SPECIALTY. FRANK NEWTON ft CO. rACOTO LADDER WORKS
85 and 87 East Eighth Street, Portland, Oregon.
Lane county farmers are planning to
Import more Bob White quails in the
hope that tho birds may check the
ravages of the mysterious bug now
ruining the eorn and bean crops in the
vicinity of Engene, Oregon.
Devere 4 Stevenson of Creswell,
Ore., intend converting their ranch
into a dairy farm. They have driven
wells and installed gasoline engines for
Damping water for irrigation purpose.
' iiHUim is ituir
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1 25J Mr, cl nuueH a KmaJ
!-". VDtrtf. B1Ub B.o.m CWy, Kj f.
Give the poultry ebareoal oeeuionaL
ly, it will assist in grinding the foosl
and aid digestion.
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