Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, September 26, 1914, Home and Farm Magazine Section, Page 3, Image 13

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Home and Farm Magazine Section Editorial Page
Suggestions From Our Associate Editors, Allowing For an Interchange of Views, Written by Men of Experience on Topic With
Which They Are Fully Acquainted Hints Along Lines of Progressive Farm Thought.
Advertisers In this locality who wish to
fully cover all sections of Oregon and Wash
ington and a portion of Idaho will apply
to local publishers for rates.
General advertisers may address 0. L.
Burton, Advertising Manager of Farm Mag
azine Co., Publishers Oregon-Washington-Idivho
Tanner, 411 Panama Building,' Port
land, Oregon, for rates and Information.
The publishers will accept business from
no advertiser whose reliability can be questioned.
IN EUROPE today are some of the most
skilled mechanics in the world. Forced
by the demands of war, thousands of
prosperous businesses have been abandoned
while owners and employes take up arms.
Many will never return. Those that go back
after war's gruelling strugglo may find
ruins where once splendid factories had
Btood; they may find the savings of a life
time swept away, the business that genera
tions had built up destroyed. Ashes will re
place many a workshop.
The higher class workman of the conti
nent or of England is a thinking man. A
.very little thought leads to a most certain
conclusion. It is folly for a man to live in
a country where at a moment's notice the
hand of steel may show beneath the velvet
glove of diplomacy and a spark set the na
tion on fire. In spite of patriotism that de
mands he support the land of his birth,
man's first duty is to his family when
patriotism means blind obedience to a call to
the front over a cause in which the worker
is not concerned. The petty differences of
kings have little in common with the man
Who must enforce the will of his emperor.
As in previous wars, when the present con
flict is ver, thousands of highly educated
men, skilled in many trades as yet not prac
ticed extensively in this country, will flock
to America. They are not undesirable citi
zens, but the best that the lands eau give.
They are not the pauper laboring class, but
men of knowledge and of skill. They will
not hinder the growth of trades unionism,
hut will be a valuable asset to the better
class of workmen in this country. And this
result is a certain one. "Who earcs to see the
labor of years destroyed, his own life placed
in hazard, over the jealousies of govern
ments? The workman will seek a land where
there are no entangling foreign alliances, a
land which will be the commercial leader
of the world if the war continues until
European industries are laid waste.
America is the logical place.
LET HEM who thinks the dreamers have
little influence on the world consider
the life of John P. Holland, who died
in Newark, N. J., recently, at the age of 72.
Born in Ireland, Mr. Holland was a school
master in this country when the Monitor
and the Mcrrimac fought their epochal
battle. This historic event and the reading
of Jules Verne's "Twenty Thousand Leagues
Ijnder the dea" led him to investigate the
possibility of submarine navigation. After
five years of experiments he evolved plans
for a boat which he felt sure would solve the
Two boats were actually constructed to be
Used by the Irish revolutionists against
Great Britain, but they came to nothing.
But he clung to his idea and in 1875, after
nearly fifteen years of study and experi
ment, he submitted his plans to the United
States navy department. The naval en
gineers reported them practical, but doubted
if any one would risk his life in such a craft.
So the department refused to go further.
Undismayed by the decision, Mr. Holland
retired to his shop and for eighteen years
more continued working at his plan and per
fecting it, until in 1893 Congress made an
appropriation of $200,000, and the first real
Holland submarine was constructed. Be
cause of criticism and interference by the
naval engineers, Mr. Holland withdrew his
plans and built a boat himself. It waa so
successful that the United States purchased
it outright directly after the Spanish war.
Jules Verne 's remarkable dream has come
true and the nations today are fighting un
der the water as well as on it and in tho air
abovo it. Tho dreamers always come first,
and then come tho practical men who put
the foundations under tho dreams. After
the submarine, the airship and tho wireless,
it would seem that little is left in the realm
of tho marvelous, but it is likely that we
are still on the surface and that there are
depths to be plumbed of which we have as
yet littlo conception.
THE Department of Commerce has issued
a statement showing that exporters in
the United States have neglected South
America. They have built up a large busi
ness with other North American countries,
but opportunities in tho southern continent
have been surrendered to Europe.
Trade of the United States with other
American countries in the fiscal year end
ing June 30 last aggregated $1,303,000,000,
and constituted 30 per cent of the entire
commerce handled by domestic ports. Of
this new world commerce, $950,000,000 was
with North America and $347,000,000 with
South America.
Our imports from North American coun
tries, valued at $427,000,000, were chiefly
from Canada, Cuba, Mexico, the Central
American statesand the British West In
dies. Our exports to countries of the north
ern continent, aggregating $529,000,000, went
principally to Canada, Cuba, Central Amer
ica and Mexico. Our balance of trade with
these countries was $102,000,000.
Tho United States supplies a larger pro
portion of the leading countries of North
America than any other nation, and in the
case of Canada, Central America and Cuba,
more than all others parts of the world com
bined. But in sharp contrast with our high posi
tion in North American markets is this
country's low rank among nations selling
goods in South America. During the last
fiscal year our imports from there aggre
gated $223,000,000 and our exports to South
America totaled only $124,000,000, the bal
ance of trade against us being $99,000,000.
In the case of such important countries as
Argentine, Brazil and Chile, only about 15
per cent of their imports were from the
United States, as compared with 14 per cent
two years ago.
American manufacturers are told that
Argentine imports large quantities of goods
of the class produced in the United States,
but Great Britain and Germany have sup
plied the bulk of them. France has sold
Argentine five times .as many automobiles,
Germany twenty times as many iron beams
and three times as much cotton goods, and
England twenty-five times as much coal and
twice as much machinery as has the United
Americans are told that a great oppor
tunity awaits them in the South American
field. The figures bear out the statement
that the field has been neglected.
( i S NE nALF of the work of the world
M is either useless or positively harm
ful, because it is unnecessary," said
a recent noted speaker at the Oregon Agri
cultural College. "It is the mission of learn
ing so to direct labor that its product shall
be community betterment. Learning means
more than training the eye and the hand to
do the task skillfully; it means supplying the
desire to do the thing that produces useful
"There is a useless toil as well as a use
ful labor. The pyramids were built not for
the good of the people, but to perpetuate the
memory of those who never did anything
worth while to perpetuate it for themselves.
There is no dignity in such labor, or in any
"other, that serves no good purpose nor allows
time for the laborer to lift his head into the
light of the natural and tocial world around
him. The labor , that slants the brow and
bows tho shoulders has no dignity.
"Modern as well as ancient times wit
nesses this form of folly. An eastern poten
tate had a canal dug. to his doors merely that
he might have fresh fish for breakfast The
manufacture of harmful luxuries and of the
gim-cracks and gew-gaws of fashion repre
sents toil that is useless. The modern freak
of fashion that paraded herself in a two
million dollar gown loaded with spangles
and other trimmings strutted in products of
useless toil. All labor that ministers to the
idle fancies of the idle rich is but labor in
IN ITS DECISION that the International
Harvester Company, known as the "har
vester trust," is a monopoly in restraint
of trade, the United States District Court at
St. Paul, Minn., specifically states that there
is no limit to the growth of a business in
the eye of the law so long as growth is not
the result of combination of business rivals.
The judges concede that the big corpora
tion has done good, but find that the Sher
man auti-lrust act was violated when cer
tain competing concerns ceased to compete
and began to co-operate with the result that
the trust controls over 85 per cent of the
trade in agricultural implements. Had the
five companies which formed the Interna
tional been small and their combination been
essential to enable them to compete with
large corporations, their uniting would not
have been in restraint of trade, but in fur
therance of it. The companies, however,
were tho largest manufacturers of imple
ments. Under the court's decision,, receivers are
to be appointed unless the $140,000,000 cor
poration dissolves itself into at least three
independent concerns within ninety days.
The only alternative is an appeal to the
United States Supremo Court, and this will
-be taken, of course.
that all ships passing through the Dar
danelles shall dismantle their wireless
apparatus and leavo it on the shore. This
may be a happy plan for tho collection of
wireless instruments, but it will not please
ship captains, some of whom are sent forth
by rather particular nations. Turkey may
mess around until it gets its neck wrung.
In the parablo in the Bible, the husband
men asked permission to prune, cultivate and
work with an unfruitful vino a few more
seasons. When it did not produce after tha
it was dug out and destroyed. This is cor
rect agricultural practice. If the tree or
seed docs not produco abundantly, it is right
to give it a fair trial and then to cast it
aside. If the cow fails to measure up to
profitable production, she should be sent to
the block. If the hog does not prove a
money-maker, send him to the butcher. Give
everything a show to make good; if it does
not do it, replace it with something which
Visitors to the Owosso sugar beet farm in
Michigan find 350 houses for the employes,
all on the farm and all just alike. They
have their own school, church and post
office. Two of the largest peppermint dis
tilleries in the world extract the essence
from the mint grown on 1,000 acres, and
besides there are 540 acres of sugar beets,
100 acres of cabbages, 100 of alfalfa, forty
of wheat, 200 of corn, ten of carrots, 130 of
barley, twenty of bluetop turnips, Beven of
horseradish, 500 of hay, 1,000 of pasturage,
and stock to carry on the work of this im
mense farm.
One of the most valuable factors in the
growth of farm communities is the inter
urban line. Vast networks of electric roads
are spreading over the Northwest and are
bringing prosperity in their wake. Easy
communication with centers of trade is essen
tial to the successful farmer and the electria.
railway furnishes this.