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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View This Issue
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, AUGUST 3, 1914.
,,. ON TBAINS AND NEW.
PRICE TWO CENTS stands, itve cents
P.fe 1(11 in mmsm m .-3 mwtrtrifir
ARMS OF I
ACE RUSIING TO FRONT!
BE WORLD EVER SAW
London, Aug. .'). A battlo between
French and Germans was reported in
progress today at Longwy, a fortified
town a few miles on the French sido
of the Belginn frontier.
It was said the Germans attacked the
French at daylight.
The engagement was expected to ex
tend all along tho Franco-Belgian fron
tier, from I.ongwy to Cirey, a village
between Nancy and Strnssburg.
The Germans already were said to
be advancing the L'uard of tho com
bined armies which undertook a French I
invasion from Metz.
The German scouts, it was stated,
were using automobiles and motorcy
cles instead of horses.
Early in the engagement, a French
aviator, soaring high above the Ger
man aerial scout, was reported to have
fired down on the latter, killing him
and sending his machine crashing to
This was not the first aerial fight
reported since Franco-German hostili
ties began. -
A Paris message told of Roland Gar
ros' sacrifice of his life in bringing J
down a German dirigible Sunday, just!
after it had crossed the frontier from
French, Invade Germany. '
Berlin, Aug. 3. That 75,000 French
troops had invaded Germany at Mueu
stcrol was announced today by the of
fice here. It was stated that the
German frontier patrols were retiring.
Stockholm, Aug. 3. The Swedish
military authorities were looking today
to the const defenses at and near Hols
ingborg and Mnlmo, the most impor
tant cities on the sound, the narrow
strait between Sweden and Denmark
which connects the Cattegnt with the
The opinion wag generally held here
that sooner or later the German war
fleet would take refuge from the Eng
lish in the Baltic sea, as it would ob-
Throe Germany army corps, it was an'
nounced, had beeu dispatched to meet I viously be an easy matter for the Teu
the invaders. Aviators were said to be tons to put the Kiel canal out of com-
scuuting in advance of the French force.
Aeroplane Is Busy.
Paris, Aug. 3. Hurling bombs from
a soaring aeroplane, a Frenchaviator
was reported today as having done
heavy damage to the German forces at
Among his exploits it was said he
destroyed a German armored train.
French troops were pouring toward
the frontier all of Sunday. -Local
transportation was paralyzed. All the
underground railroad employes have
joined their regiments.
London, Aug. 3. Foreign Minister
Alsace-Lorraine into France, ki ing I . w. 7 ,
, , OK ' 6 ; mons tonight that Germany had noti-
every one of its crew of 25. f. B(j , woulJ h
The dirigible, a big Zeppelin, was I an fl unle8s m8intained an
said to have been scouting. Garr.s, as I tmude q( ' nflutraUtv de.
soon as he sighted it, Bwoopeddown it th invaainn of (t. territory Bin.
upon it, the story ran, from a height , ; said m Edward. refusod. ' d de.
n rt r t i- 1 t h h 1 a m ft . . ' ...
mission, so that pursuit by that route
would be impossible, the natural thing
was to look for its coming by way of
There was the possibility that the
great belt, between the Danish islands
of Zealand and Fyen, would be chosen
but as the more direct course and the
more easily navigable, the sound was
Denmark, Too, In Danger. -
Taking it for granted that this hap
pened, it was clear that it would be of
capital importance to the Germans to
close both these avenues. To do so,
it was thought more than probable
German landings would be attempted
on both the Swedish and Danish sides
of the sound, and on the two Danish
shores of the great belt.
Indeed, Denmark's danger was con
sidered graver than Sweden's. In the
latter 's case, it was pointed out, though
the Germans might seek to land and
seize the Swedish shore defenses, they
would have no object in overrunning
more than a narrow strip of coast 40
to 50 miles long from about Hoganas,
perhaps as far south as Falsterbo
May Seize Islands.
or imm leer, ramming w m nis mu-1 ulareJ it wouW resist nggre88ion
chtne full force. Instantly, it was stat- 00
ed, the dirigible burst into flames, and,
with the aeroplane still entangled in
its wreckago, dropped like a plummet.
The victims' corpses were said to
have been charred beyond recognition.
A Second One Wrecked. ; bill passed by the house to appropriate!0 be occupied, and Copenhagen, the
AfW nn 70nnlin rn. i $250,0(i0 for the relief of Americans , capital, would be among the cities it
ported lost near the French village of j stranded in Europe.
Tom at dusk Sunday night.
Like the other air craft, it appears
to have been scouting. A French avi-
, Washington, Aug. 3.-At President ; f.To control the various waterway!
Wilson request the house this after. through the Danish archipelago into the
i noon appropriated $250,000 to transport' PnU!c! hwe l'"?111 tn? D'"
Americans, stranded in Europe, home. ! 8h an'a f Zln? yen Lange
Th unto ,,n..i.n..iv ! tl ! 'and, Lanlnnd and Falstor would have
would be necessary for the Germans
Athens, Aug. 3. A fleet of warships, ' A things considered,
ator, seeing it, made an immediate as
cent with an aeroplane to a height
much greater than the Zeppelin's, and
rained shots upon it. His fire proved
so effective that the dirigible soon
crashea to tne grounu ana nil on Doaru i
were killed. Their number, was
presumably French, was sighted today : that Denmark would escape a German
in the Mediterranean near the Ionian": invasion were regarded here as slon
sea. It was believed they were pre-! dor, and the suggestion was freely
paring for a descent on Austria 'g naval made that, once occupied, if Germany
base at Pola. (should emerge victorious from the war,
' it would share the fate of Schlesig-Hol-
Liondon, Aug. i. The cabinet held , stein, remaining forever more
. another meeting tonight. or the German empire.
A Million Germans Hurrying
to Cross the Border
A MILLION FRENCH
SOLDIERS TO RESIST
First Battle of War Is Begun
and May Proye De- v
Brussels, Aug. 3. The main portion
of the German army in Belgium had
reached the River Mouse, ten miles
northeast of Liege, today.
Belgian troops were refraining from
firing on the invaders.
Antwerp was under martial law.
News from the frontier indicated
that the German plan was to combine
the two armies which were approaching
t ranee, one through Belgium and Lux-
umburg and tne other from Metz, and
to stretch thoir.lin all the way from1
Longway, where the German ' and
French advance guards were already j
oiigHKuu, MMiuieaNi to ijirev, a uismnce
of about 200 miles.
It was reported that in a preliminary
fight at Cirey Sunday the Germans suf
fered a reverse but this story lacked
France was understood to be rushing
forward a force of about 1,000,000 men
to resist the Invaders, and it was be
lieved here that the Longway-Cirey en
counter would develop into the first!
great and perhaps the decisive battle of:
the Franco-German campaign.
Much indignation was expressed here
at the German disregard of Belgium's:
and Luxemburg's neutrality. The Ger-I
mans, however, paid no heed to protests
but pushed their advance with the ut-,
t I i . , , i emier Asquiin was louuiy cneereu , unce nisiue tne mine, lr tne iJntisn
E I on . j on 88 ne steppeu irom nis automoDiie to tiect coum De kept out, which seem-
u:tCCu . uuu, ,. j attend the session.
plement of airships of the Zeppelin Crowd fied the Btreet9) ginging pa.
tjrK' - . . , . .. , triotic songs.
The aviator who brought it down, Vrnm Atrnii m. - m,,aao fp,.
however, lost control of his machine i in the home country 20,000 men.
Sweeping Toward France.
London, Aug. 3. Three German
a part B""Ki tiaiuum . cuiPa UU1 iicuilr
1,000,000 men strong, were advancing
on rTance today.
fleet could be kept out. which seem- .. ue.0Il.n armlc" was marching
ed comparatively easy, naval experts "'""t- iVJ,"m,''. tbe -.8e('0"" W8 a';
remarked, the German warships, though Pro''1"K I jench territory, spread out
v.-m.i . ' j-; V. in fan-like formation, from Mets. and
uuiiivu uu, cuuiu uo ijiuiieiiHe umnug'j io ti. t t i
' . n Tho ihiril n mnvinff fmm a Tinint nlnaa
London, Aug. 3. P. E. Morrell, a
Russia, destroying its shipping, and, if
they chose, bombarding such cities as
Uleaborg,' Nicolaistad, Kronstadt, R'j-
val, Riga, Libnu and even endangering
during the fight, fell with his machine
and was dashed to pieces.
A Jrrench Hying man was saiU also i mmtlPr nf the hnn nf cnmmnnn. crfint.-: u !,'
to have done much damage by dropping !ed a hostile demonstration in parlia- j '
bombs into the city of Nurcmburg, and ! ment tonight by expressing the opinion ! j,la t.i-V
that the administration had not shown London, Aug. 3. Seizure bv the Ger
still another French aviator was
brought down by a German marksman
(Continued on page 5.)
ARTILLERY WILL BE AN IMPORTANT WAR SERVICE
1 man fliu.f nf tho Alnn.l
I sian possessions in the Baltic, was an
i nounced today in a Stockholm dispatch
received here. It was stated that a
I Russian warship was ashore on one of
I the islands.
to the Swiss frontier,
Basle was reported occupied by Ger
man troops anil it was said they had
seized the railroad from there to the
Germans also were In occupation of
Suerce, Belgium, haifa mile from the
frontier, hail made it their temporary
headquarters and were requisitioning
all available horses in the vicinity.
SAN FRANCISCO WAITS.
I San Francisco, Aug. 3. At a special
j meeting today of the directors of the
I San Francisco clearing house associa
tion it was decided that it wns not
FIFFT PftR FRVirU : 'et necessary to issue clearing house
ILLiLil IUA ULlWllLi certificates here. James K. Lynch,
; president of the association, issued the
.ill Protect British Shipping in Orl-! '"'"""'"'K "tatement:
m ii-i t t j. "Conditions do not warrant the sub-
ental Waters-Martial Law Declared 8tituti(in of ci,.arinK h()UA certificates
by Germans at Kalo Chau. for cash as yet. If certificates are is-
i sued Inter, I think thev will bo lmn
' IT fm
Tokio, Aug. 3. The Japanese admir
ality was preparing its fleet for service
the moment news was received of any
i attack by Germany or its allies on
1 British shipping or interests in oriental
i waters. Whatever happened, it was
i considered unlmely that Japan would
' have any land fighting to do but the
certificates for the use of banks only."
LOS ANGELES STANDS
WITH OTHER COAST CITIES
day by Assistant Manager Demon of
the Los Angeles Clearing House association.
Los Angeles, Cel., Aug' 3. Clearing
house certificates will not1 be issued in
Los Angeles at the present time, but if
I serices or tne ileets woum be required future conditions warrant, the exnm
; was deemed quite probable. - pie of New York and Chicago will be
At Kaio Chau, a German possession ' followed, according to a stntement in-
: on tne ' uinese coast, martial law hal
been declared and all foreigners had
: been ordere I to leave. German, Aus
trian and even Italian shipping, despite
the supposition that Italy will remain
; neutral, was jiathering at Tsing Tsi-hau,
Kaio t hau 's port.
The Britij.li Asiatic squadron was
concentrating at Hongkong.
1 hp American and Jajanese naval
ai'thoiitiis at Miantiiai and elsewhere
up and dnwn the China ;ast were ro-
I operating in arrangements to protect
: foreigners in China. '
Photo by American Press Aaaoclation.
Austrian Mountain Gun Dstachraent
Id tbe conflict between Austria and ServM a Kreat ileal at the Bulit uk
will be In the mountain. Neither country ha nrnt rlnna nnvj. and tbe
armies will b depended on for Tlctory. In thin picture there I shown a mi n
ber of the A nutria a mountain gnna.
toWlera. about atx men to each kuu
MAT NOT HAVE ARRIVED.
ThM are miinnnt hr ctfl(-nt con
i Washington, Aug. 3. Corrected re- I
ports received at the state department 1
this afternoon said the steamship
I Kronprinzenrin Ceeilie "had bnd time"
to reach Germany. The department '
j was not informed, however, as to whe
ther the vessel had actually arrived. '
ally fair tonight
west portion to
London, Aug. 3. War by ' England
against Germany was decided on today
by tho British cabinet, according to
high government officials.
The decision was said to be directly
due to the kaiser's disregard of Bel
The British ambassador at Berlin de
manded that it be respected. Germany
refused. The upshot was a meoting of
the British cabinet, at which, it was
stated on high authority, it was agreed
that hostilities wore inevitable.
Fremier Asquith was expected fo
make a statement to the house of com
mons this afternoon, outlining the sit
uation and asking $250,000,000 as an
initial war fund.
That it would be voted immediately
was deonied a foregone conclusion.
Germany Ignoroa Treaty.
The most Germany was willing to
concedo to Belgium, it was understood,
wns to respoct the latter 's neutrality if
It would permit German troops to UBe
its railroads in crossing Bolgium terri
tory on their way to invade France.
This proposition, it was announced
by the British foreign office, Belgium
Martial law was proclaimed on the
British Mediterranean sea island of
The admirality assumed control today
of the wireless equipments of all ves
sels in British waters.
There wero enormous crowds both
about Buckingham palace, the royal
residence-, and the parliament houses.
The king and queen were enthusiastical
ly cheered and patriotic songs were
everywhere being sung in the streets.
A rumor was current horn nrlv to
day that Emperor Francis Joseph of
Austria had been assassinated. As the
day advanced nothing further wns
heard concerning the report, however,
and it was regarded as unfounded. The
censorships throughout Kurone are an
strict that naturally many wild rumors
cio in I'irt'liiaiion.
Seized British Shlna.
Business throughout England was
practically suspended. Tho king issued
a proclamation Sunday suspending the
banking act and payment of debts for
The Central News was authority for
th9 statement that Germany bad seized
the English Wilson liner Castro in the
Kiel canal and ordered it to Hamburg,
and that the Saxon, nnother Britinh
j steamship, with a coal cargo, had fallen
into tho German fleet 's hands in the
News wns eagerly awaited of the
, Germnn liner Kronprin.essin Ceeilie,
which, evidently having abandoned its
i call at Plymouth, wns reported trying
i to run the British blockade of the
I North sea and got into Hamburg. The
I Kronprin.essin was crowded with pas
. scngers and had on board between
( 10,000,000 and $1.1,000,000 in gold and
, silver, shipped from New York in
1 response to European orders Issued in
the expectation of war, but before any
power had declare,! hostilities.
, It was reported here thut Germany
, had seized four Uritish steamers, owned
by the. Great Central Railways, which
were lying in the harbor at Hamburg.
j Mobilize Army and Navy.
! London, Aug. 3. Foreign Minister
: Sir Edward Grey today announced tho
i issuance 0r an order for the mobiliza
j tion of the British army ami navy.
I Sir Edward formerly "told the house
: of commons of the mobilization order
i this afternoon. i
"England," the foreign minister de
clared, "must consider the present
crisis from the viewpoint of British
honor ami obligation as well as of in-1
"We cannot permit France to be j
subdued and Belgium and Holland rav- i
"If the German fleet bombards the
, French coast we cannot stand by and
1 look on. ' 1
"We have been given to understand
that Germany will not attack France's
northern coast if we remain neutral, j
, "We have given Fran"e the asur-i
' arii-e, however, tnat if the German fleet'
enters the channel to undertake hus
; tile operations against the French coast
. -hi' l int', Great Britain's naval force
will give all the protection in it .4
" l'p to yesterday r.n;-:nid lid prem
ised n, r-ointrv more than diplomatic:
support, but there is nothing in our
'ircvioMK r'i .lunatic nttit'id" to restrict
' M present."
ir Edunrd nddcl thut the Irish;
;iotnp riders nnd a iiti-lionie rulers had '
i'i'"-!'!! th' ir iMffi'renc-es nml were I nit-;
d in he defrn1 of their roup try and:
its i'l'i" ngainst foreign aggression, i
i John Redmond, the Irish pnrlinmen-)
tnrv lendpr. urged the government to
litlidrnw nil British troops from Ire-:
t land that they might be available for;
use i-ir-'inst foreign enemies, j
"Erin's own sons will defend her."i
he declared, " Protestants and Catho-1
i (Cnnrlntrvf oa pace
FIGHTING RAGES ON
LAND AND SEA AND
IN THE SKIES ABOVE
(By Ed L. Keen.)
London, Aug. 3. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia,
France, Servia and Montenegro were at war today.
Fighting raged on land and sea.
In England an army and navy mobilization order had
Between Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia and Ser
via formal declarations of hostilities had been exchanged.
The Germans appeared to have attacked France with
out troubling to declare war. Indeed, their ambassador
was still in Paris, and the French minister was in Berlin.
Montenegro also joined Servia in resisting Austria
Hungary without formal announcement of its intention
England's declaration against Germany was expected
For what promised to be the first great land battle and
perhaps the decisive one of the France-German campaign,
the stage was already being set.
Regardless of their neutrality, one million German
troops were pouring through Belgium and Luxemburg to
ward the French frontier. Another German army was
hurrying toward the point where German, -French and
Swiss frontiers join.
Basle, in Switzerland, was already said to have been
occupied by the kaiser's troops. Several Belgian towns
had also been seized. The main body of the German force
in Belgium had reached the River Meuse.
The vanguard of this force, joining with the advance
detachments of a third army, moving from Metz, had al
ready crossed the border into France and engaged the
French troops at Longwy.
The French line promised speedily to stretch from this
town to the village of Cirey, about 100 miles to the south
east. To oppose the kaiser's invaders, about an equal number
nf Frenchmen were heinc rmsheri t.n the front. ff
" " ""C? r
Every indication was for a desperate
engagement in a short time.
Scouting by aoroplano, dirigiblo, au
tomobile and motorcycle was in prog
ress. Preliminary skirmishing had be
The early fighting seemed to have
favored the French. The Germans were
reported to have met with one repulse
at Clry. There, wag a bettor authentt-
j cutod account of the defeat of a strong
I force of Uhlans, the German crack cav-
airy, at Petit Croix, who wore beaten
back by a furious fire from French ma
chine guns, losing a quarter of their
I number killed and wounded, besides
I many prisoners.
In addition to this, according to a
I statement from the German war office,
j 7.1,000 French soldiers had invaded Ger
l many at Alt Muensterol. The kaiser
was hurrying up a strong force to meet
Fighting was in progress on the Bus-so-German
frontier, too. Forces of Cos
Backs wore reported repulsed at Johan
nisborg and near Eichenweid. Other
parties of them were across the border
elsewhere. Germans, in turn, had oc
cupied Kalisz, in .Russian Poland.
The czar was rusiiing his mobilization
but it was believed it would be three
weeks before he wouid have his army
in full fighting trim. His Siberian as
well as his European forces were being'
called to tho colors.
An engagement had also occurred be
tween the German and Russian fleets In
the Baltic. Stockholm advices said the
Russian ships fled into the Gulf of
Kinillund before they were much dam-
(Continued on page 5.)
COSSACK HORSEMEN HER E PICTURED IN ACTION
! "ViU...- if
Photo by American Press Association.
Rusjian Cossacks Are Formidable Foes
The KiismImii n-ivy hau never bein considered a very Important factor In
the nutloi defense bvrvuse no little of the country faces tbe sea. However,
llHs-dii Isi.ists of one of the ht arnilcM In the world. Tbe Kus-slun Cossack
art known everywhere ami are formldHhle Huh rent