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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View This Issue
DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM. OREGON. THURSDAY, OCIODEK 11, 1000.
A wholesome cream of tartar
baking powder. Makes the finest,
lightest, best flavored biscuit, hot
breads, cake and pastry.
Alum and alum-phosphate
powders are injurious. Do not
use them. Examine the label.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., NIW YORK.
OlflGIN OK OKKHO.V AITLES.
Karly History of CoaM I'rullH Delved
Into by llurcuu of Labor anil
Thtf.Oregtion Bureau-ot Labor nnd
Statistics has compiled tbo follow
ing facta concerning tlio early hla
tory of npploa nnd othor frulta In tho
The. llrat npplo hociIb woro iilantcd
nt Vancouver In 182C.
Tho ciit-Ionvod or ovorgreon black
berry camo from tbo Sandwich
Tho Lowolllng nnd Blng cherries
woro originated by Both Luolllng.
Tho Ooldon pruno waa orlglnatod
In 1870 by Both Lowolllng.
Tho Lambort ehorry waa orlglnat
od by J. II. Lambort.
In tho yoar 1848 Henderson Luol
ling brought yearling grafted applo,
ehorry, plum, prune, ponch, grape
nnd bocry aprouta from Jowa, and
hauled them ncroaa tho plains.
Tho llrat nuraory waa aturtod at
Mllwnuklo In 1848 by Luolllng &
In 18C0 a Mr. Ladd started a nur
aory at HuttovlUo. In tho snmo
year Ooorgo Sottlomlor atartod ono
nt Clreon Point.
A nuraory waa started at Salem
itbout isr.o. I
Tho first box of Vollow Nowtown
I'lppInB apld In Portland for $7G per '
box, or $1 pur applo. Thoy woro!
grown by Henderson Luolllng.
In 1803 Oregon apples Hold In San
Frnnclaeo at Ji5.no per pound.
In 1854, COO bushels ot Oregon J
mmloH woro shinned and returned a
net proljt of $1.G0 to )'i iw pound.!
In 1855, UOQO nusltois woro amp
pod, and returned l-'O to $:0 per
biiahol. Tbo export of 1850 waa 20,
Li 1850 ono box of Hsnpua Spitz
ouborg apples paid tlio ablpper a net
iirnllt of $00. and three boxes of
Wlnoaapa woro mild In Portland for
From I860 to 1800 tho til-monthly'
fnll and winter ablpiuoatH of applea
to San Francisco, by Hteainer, aver
aged 4500 bourn. ,
In 1857 Henry Miller received
vclona of Italian (Fnllonborg) prune
Hud crafted them on bearing plum
trees with Hiicceaa.
lu 185H Beth Luolllng aut tho llrat
prune orchard, live acroq, near Mll
wauklo. J. H .Cardwoll clalma tho credit
for having act out tbo llrat commer
cial prune orchard on tho coast. lie
not out 0000 treea between the yoara
U71 mid 188JL,
Women h I'lnnnclera.
From uddrcssjng envelopes at a
few cents an hour to juggling with
millions 10 yoara later ta n Jrans
formntlon so rapid nnd ao great aa to
seojn almost lmposslblo; and yet
ithoro la at this moment staying in
Loudon a lady who baa accomplished
Mra. Klin Reader, of Now York,
has only counted 31 Biimmora, and la
described na a pretty, gontlo woman
and almost tho Inst person In tho
world ono would tnko for a financier.
And yet among other Tltnnlc fonts of
tho Inst fow ycara alio haa organized
a 2,000,000 rnllway In opposition
to J. PIcrpont Morgan; alio haa won,
against n powerful competition, a
concoBBlon for n railway In Johoro;
haa fought nnd la still fighting Presi
dent Roosovelt for concessions In
Santa Domingo valued at $100,000,-
1 000 and hnB aettlod a South Ameri
can rovolutlon over hor broakfast
tablo. What gigantic schemes Mrs.
Hondor will have itndcrtnlcon by tho
tlmo hIio la 50 ono dnro not oven
cpnjccturo, but It Is aafo to say that
alio haa already proved her title to
rank among tho world's greatest
But Mrs, Reader, clever and dar
ing as she is. has a formidable rival
in Mr3. Hermann Oelrlchs, an Amer
ican lady, who three years ago revok
ed tho power of attorney given to her
husband and took her business af
fairs Into her own capable hands.
At tho time Mrs. Oelrlchs, who is a
daughter of tho lato Senator Fair, of
California, was reputed to bo worth
$10,000,000, and ao brilliant and
successful were her speculations In
railway shares that within two
yoar3 she trebled her capital, "cpln-
ilng money" at the rate of $10,000,-
000 a year.
Much bettor known thair either of
the foregoing women of business is
Mrs. Hettlo Green, who is probably
tho richest woman In the, world.
Apnrt from her business, Mra. Green
has no interest In life. Sho lives in
n small flat, tho whole of tho furni
ture of which Is Bald to, bo worth no
more than a $50 note; she does her
own -marketing, carrying homo her
purchases, and la her own mnld-of-all
work, and yet every year she la
adding to her cloasal fortuno a round
$5,000,000, tho result of her shrwed
speculations. Today her fortuno
cannot bo less than $50,000,000 nnd
by some Is placed as high as $100,
000,000. Another rcmarkablo business
woman Is Mrs. Richnrd King, owner
of tho famous Santa Gertrude's
ranch n ranch ao vaat that it Is
bounded on ono sldo by 40 miles of
coaatlino, whllo Inland It Is girded
by 300 miles of barbed-wlro fence.
From Mrs. King's front door sho ha-s
to travel 13 miles to tho nearest
boundary at hor estate; sho Is mis
tress of 200,000 cattle; employs an
nrmy of 300 cowbays, for whoso use
1200 polnes aro kept, and her yearly
profits run Into six figures.
But Mrs. King must look to her
laurola, for alio has In hor own field
a dangoroua competitor In Mrs. Nat
Colllna, tho "Cattlo Queon of Mon
tnnn." Mrs. Collins Is a woman of
mlddlo age, known nnd respected for
hundreds of miles nround hor rnnch
as "Aunty" or "Mothor;" and a thril
ling volumo might bo written on the
adventurous career which has led to
her present stnto of opulenco, for
sho has fought Indiana, been wound-
Always the Same
PRICES CUT TO MOVE STOCK
An announced previously I have sold my entire stock to Mr. S. A.
3 Manning, who takes possession November 1. I agreed to reduce stock
j.is much ns possible before that date. To do this I, of course, have
J cut prices on nearly everything In thp bouse. Wo have moved Out a
good ninny tilings already, mid Here aro a few lines turn are yet worm
"Tho Jingling of tho guinea cures
Tho hurt that honor ftjola."
WH ENDKAVOlt to advance Oi
btuhtew latenwta ot our custom
ers Id Yry legitimate way, lu
to doing, our motive may be
somewhat tlactur4 vrltfe alQik
im, for, wpoa th proHMN-lty ot
Itu tmtroiM Mgwm tkejujcc ot
Salem State Bank
L. K. PAGE, PtmUmt
E.W. HAZARD. CasWtt
3 White notaries
2 Wheeler Wilson
3 Standard box hernia
Hoaldea a number of excellent
second hand machlues.
You will save from 25 to 30 per
cent on tho purchase price of any
now machine In tho house. Call
and Investigate nt once.
3 top buggies
1 fanner's aurrey
1 park wagon, with 2 stick stenta
and canopy top, a beautiful rig.
1 alde-aprlng runabout
1 stick seat runabout1
1 splendid delivery wagon
Thera Is a saving ot from $10
to $25 each on thoao rigs. Call
and satisfy yourself nnd get a bargain.
2 Honlcla Hancock dlao plows
1 Hancock atdehlll disc
1 Syracuse gang plow
I 8yrncuso sulky,
Syrncuao walking plows
1 potato digger
2 Canton walking cultivator
i Canton riding cuUlvntbr
1 Molina dlao harrow
Beside n number ot othor Im
plements ot various aorta, nit at a
big saving In price for rash.
1 3 Mi Studobnker, wldo tires
I 3-Inch Studobaker, narrow tlrea
1 3-Inch Studebnker, wldo tlrea
There's a Bavlng in theso that
will npiieal to tho farmor or wood
hauler who uds a wagon soon.
Steel track for carriers
2 funning mills
2 Petaluina Incubators
1 ladles' Crescent bicycle
1 boy's 2 Much bicycle
1 gent's Tribune, chalnloss
Sovernl second-hand wheels, la
dles' and men's.
Worsted buggy robes; aomo lino
ones very cheap
All of tho nbovo goods nro priced
enough cheaper to hurry up tho
Ono aide-spring, IH-lnch long
.bodied wngoii with ono seat,
fitted with buggy top, cheap.
Ono 2horao Fairbanks-Morse gas
1 Simmies safety cream separa
tor, In good shape.
1 Do Laval separator
Tho nbovo Itoms nro mighty cheap
Como and look It Interested.
In excellent running order, re
painted, fitted with now carbur
ettor and new chain, at a snap.
ALL ACCOUNTS NOW DUE
TIiom) having accounts ami uotod now duo will please call ami bottle
or Mwri check at ouco na per our statements, as wo must cloo our
hook at onro ami clean up all claims. Please do not ask or eipect ex
tension, mm wo cHHOt grant them.
F. A. Wiggins, 1sf
eu by their tomahawks, nas oeen
their prlsonor for months, has acted
as scout for freight trains, and, in
short, haa experienced almost every
possiblo ndventuro and faced every
danger of tho wild west. Twenty
odd years ago sho started In the cat
tlo business In northern Montann, In
tho very midst of hostile Indians;
and todny alio personally accompa
nies tralnloads of her own cattlo
32 carloads all tho way to Chicago.
Not content with this crowded Hfo,
sho finds tlmo to prospect for cop
per. Is owner of several rich mines,
and not long ngo founded a town on
the banks of a lake In the copper
district ot Montana.
Mrs. Annlo K. Rlkert is still an
other woman of astonishing enter
prise and business capacity. Years
ago, whon qulto a girl, sho discovered
tho Calico silver mines in San Ber
nardino county, and tho Oromadro
and several othor gold mines In Tuo
lumno county; nnd her lntcst enter
prise la to construct a rnllway
through ono of tho roughest districts
In California, to add to tho value of
hor mining properties. Mrs. Rlkert
acted as her own surveyor, taking a
compass and a revolver nnd starting
on liorsoback over what she thought
would bo tho best route.
Of hardships and work that would
daunt a brnvo man she makes light.
"No," alio said to an Interviewer,
"there woro no hardships In anything
thnt I did. I havo nlways been used
to exploring tbo mountains. I havo
been engaged In mining for tho last
10 years, and I can ride and shoot as
woll as many men. I supposo I am
strongor physically and hnvo moro
ondurnnco than most men who havo
not lived outdoor lives. I havo been
accustomed for tho last 20 .years to
conducting business enterprises;
thoroforo you will understand that
projecting and building a railroad
did rot look to me ns It would to n
woman who had always lived In
doors nnd busted herself with the
so-called femlnlno occupations."
Only Four More Days
Until the close of the
Every little girl should l
for one of the prizes. Ge
a booklet and have yoj
answers in by Monday,
To the older folks ue
wish to say that we are
selling stoves and ranges
on a guarantee of satisfaction. Ge,t our prices.
VZ rtiipfal I 3Tvi
1'ifiich Taxation and Our Securities.
Tho burden of tho Fernch taxes
has beon such that many devices
havo been adopted to escapo thorn.
Ono such device, which meots tho
difficulty of paying a tax upon too
largo a proportion ot capital, Ib that
ot a holding company. Such a com
pany Is able to make an Issue of de
bentures which are sold exclusively
In France and which comply fully
with the requirements of tho law In
regard to taxation. It Is not neces
sary to list or pay taxes upon tho
varied lot of securities which He be
hind tho debentures. This Is the
method of attracting French capital
which has been adopted by the Spey
Notwithstanding devices of this
sort the taxes Imposed upon tho list
ing and sale of securities on the
Paris Bourse have begun to bo felt
upon the economic progress of
Franco. It has been known fqr sov
oral years that thrifty French In
vestors transferred both their secur
ity holdings and their bank accounts
to tho foreign branches of the Credit
ILyonnnls and other French banks
principally In Brussels and Geneva.
Just how far this process has gone
In reducing the visible wealth of
Franco was recently brought out Do
Fovllle, tho eminent French econom
ist, In an artlcle'in L'Economlst
Francnls. Ho showed that tho an
nual average amounts passing
through tho tax office under tho suc
cession tax had fallen from 0,930,
000,000 francs for tho five years end
ing with 1S95 to C.SGO.OOO.OOO
francs for tho five years ending with
1900, nnd to G,4S9,000,000 for tho
four years ending with 1904. With
out by any means adopting the con
clusion that this marked decline In
tho avorago property nssessod for
succession taxes was duo exclusively
to tho taxes on securities, M. do Fo
The legislator has shown hlmsolf
for tho last ton years so severe, oven
malevolent, toward capital under all
Tonus, thnt many capitalists havo
sought to put themselves beyond tho
reach of his pursuit. Tho foreign
banks have oponed their doors and
their vnluts eagerly to tho fugitive
million, and certain projects which
nro being announced may Intensify
still further this centrifugal move
ment, which would naturally contri
bute a certain measure to tho Impair
ment of the estates subject to assess
ment." Tho prospect Is not unfavorable,
thou, for tho flow of many millions ot
French money Into Amerlcnn securi
ties if American enterprises and
Amerlcnn policy prove worthy ot
confidence. Stock-jobblnir. la .
measures hostile to proDertv riv
confiscation of private wealth wU
out due compensation, or them
of socialist triumph in American i
tics will arrest the few and
tho conservative French master!
to the resources of his own coni
or those of neighboring countra
where tho right to enjoy in decllni
years what one has gained br
sweat of his brow in early danl
still respected. Chales A. CovantJ
North American Review.
It Runs in the FnmUy.
Stanley Brady, a former Sale
boy, who grew up In tho famUr cj
B. F. Wiley, was In the city renevtnj
acquaintances yesterday. Hi
about 24 years old, but shows
family trait. He Is advance
and manager for tho "Peter Pete
son" Company, which has Just
Ished a week's engagement In Poi
lnnd. His fnther Is owner and eh
nger of the great play the "Chefl
while his mother owns and manssfl
a company now playing "A Turkj
Bath," in the Southern states. "SuJ
ley" returned to Portland this m
Try a Roll of
Wo nro tho only authorized
ngents of tho Hnzelwood butter
in Snlom, nnd receive the same
direct from the creamery.
Gunranteed strictly fresh.
130 Stuto St. rhme 1
NEW AND ARTKTIf TAMPI RTF WITH
" "" -- " i
GLASS TO HOLD PHOTOGRAPHS.
Special - - - -
Sale Closes Saturday, October 20th
Yokohama Tea Stor