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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 31, 1906)
. DAILY (UKStt JOOTWAL, SALXM, OBaaOK. THURSDAY, MAY 31, 1906.
I : iiirilllMIIllinitHMIIllin""""l Pill MM
I 't 1 1 f 1 1 m ii 1 1 hi mi iiiimi Mil iiiiimnmninimi run iiimiiiiiiii m mm 1 1 1 1 n m '' """""
The Prohibition Question
ir ..;& "l .
And the Hop Industry Etc
'ji ' -sf- r.-fc er siri't
li'ts Man Honest If He Growns Hops and Votes for Prohi
bitionHop Growing and Beer Making Ares .Inseparable
i i ii i i ' i" 1 1 ii
On February 18, lOOOthcortiand Orcgoniaa..took up this question edit
Sally and under tho bead of "Beer and' the Hop Grower,' made the follow-
Bg clear and concise statement:
"Some of the visitors at the Willamette "Valley Development, league
ecting at Silverton last Wednesday ore complaining because the man-
i ;er of the Salem brewery was permitted to present an argument- against
t o local option law because it threatens the hop .industry. It is averred
t at this subject was out of place in a development league convention.
1 hatever one '3 views may be as to the proper place to discuss the effect of
t j local option law, the fact remains that hops .are produced almost ex
t isively for the manufacture of beer and that, whenever th consumption
beer is forbidden the market for hops will be gone or will be reduced
t the extent that consumption of-beer U limited. The 6tae of Oregon
I asta of its hop crop and yet proposes to lestroytbe market for hops so
i r as lies in its power. Does not this present an important problem in in
ilwtrLal developmettt ... -
Mr. Deckebach, the brewer, endeavored to discuss the subject from an in
dustrial standpoint alone and leave the moral questions involved for a
more appropriate occasion- He let it be clearly understoo-1, however, that
a man who raises hops and at the same time favors the local option law
is inconsistent and not wholly honest. The moral question is one which each
person roust settle with bis own conscience. If it is right for a farmer to
raise hops and sell them to the brewer, why is it aot right Tor the brewer
to manufacture them into beer, as that was known- to be the purpose for
which he bought themf ' If it is right for the brewer to use the hops in the
maaufacturo of beer, why it is not right for him to sell the beer and for
the! purchaser .to drink itf If it is wrong to drink beer, or to sell it, why
ift'Jt not also wrong to buy or sell tho hops or to produce themf To say
that tho grower docs not know but that his hops will be used in the manu
facture of yeast or for medicinal purposes is a meio quibble suited to nar
row minds and easily oatlsficd consciences. Tho production of hops in this
stato had no possible purpose other than the manufacture of beer. The
grower of hops is thcrcroro unavoidably a participant in the production of
bfflSf. It is for him to say -whether ho is morally honest if ho grows hops
and denounces tho salo of beer.
pose of his' fixtures and stock. o
reasonable man can object to this pro
vision. 11th. The present local option law
was drawn by thoso who are in favoi
of prohibition and not local opti-n;
and its enactment was secured upon
tho representation that it was a local
option measure. Since the true euects
of the provisions of such act have
now been discovered and made known,
tne law should be amended so that it
really will be what it was originally
thought to be, simply a local option
law; and the adoption of the amend'
ment now proposed will make it a
local option law containing no provi
sion which is not fair and equal to
LIQUOR NOT ALWAYS BAD.
Milwaukee Archbishop Makes
Declaration at Meeting.
Madison, Wis., May 26.r-That
"booze" is not always bad for man
was the rather startling declaration of
I Archbishop Messmer of Milwaukee in
aa aduress read before the state Anti.-
Saloon league. "It is unnecessary to
state that I use tho word temperance
not in the usual strict tense as applied
'to the use of intoxicants," said the
archbishop, "but in the wider sense of
modern use and enjoyment of any
earthly bliss. Hence in itself and un
tier normal conditions the most enjoy
ment of an exhilarating liquor is no
greater wrong than tho enjoyment of a
cooling dish of ice cream or of a
plate of citron-flavored bluo points or
of a glass of .sweetened' lemonade.
' "But we are told alcohol is most in
jurious to the system and the natural
faw forbids man to needlessly injure
his health. Hence it is always wrong
to take It. But is alcohol alwnys in
jurious? To .me, this is one of these
intemperate exaggerations that we
sometimes hear from the unguarded
lips of professional temperance speak
ers. Neither science nor medicine sup
port ita statement. They flatly con
EXPOSITION OF THE
Jf&oposed in present
- law by initiative.
tho law provided" that when a pre
cioct went dry it denied tho right of
u jicrsuu living in mas precinct t
CHANGES 1,avo Hluor n n'8 own house for the'
uso of bis family and guests.
5th. The proposed amendment to
the local option law corrects theso ob-
Changes are Along Line of Tnio Local JccrtonQbI features, while not do
Option, and la Interest of Economi..8tronB or in anv manner interfer
ci 'Government Increased Number fn& with the proper purposes of the
'i.im I law,
A V --V4S
Letter Sent to Every Hop Grow
er Calling Attention to Dis
astrous Effects of Prohibition
Occupations and Industries li
Directly and Indirectly
ceive Support From Manuf
turc and Sale of Alcohtif
In view of the general lack of know!
edge of the probable and intended ef
foci' of the proposed amendments un
der"ibo initiative bill for changing the
present so called "local option law,"
0th. The amendment provides that
a local option election shall only be
called every two years; prevents
grouping and gerrymandering of dis
tricts, and allows each precinct to de
termine what shall be tho rvto 5n
tbo readers of this ncnor are irlven fiucn precincts.1 So that if a maior
Icrcin a statement prepared by Ralph "y of a precinct votes dry it shall be
J-l Moody, Ksq , a prominent attorney
kaowri in Salem and this district,
dry; if wet it shall bo wet.
7th. Should tho amendment
which seems a clean exposition of tho adopted, it will niako the present law
Issue from the standpoint of 'those who a purely precinct local option law, as
proposed the changes. it was originally represented to be,
Attention ii called by Mr. Moody a which the people thought it was
to tho plan for preventing unfair i at the timo It was adopted, giving
grouping of precincts, so that in caso.cacu Wo the same and equal privll-
of too submission of the question in 'K
nny-polltioal precinct, the test may
bo.falrry made by thoso who ar,resi
deBtd'of that particular district.'
Mhv Moody has set the case forth in
elovTriparagraphs, as follews:
hk people are ln favor of
tion, but not prohibition.
therefore, tho "local option
as nibtnlttcu to tho electors
r approval at tho general clec
d in 1904 it received, n innjor
tho votes cast thereon, as it
loved, to bo ns represente.l.
o voters understood that the
ns or tne law made it In
expects a prohibition measure
ng unfair provision, and) not
local option, it would hnvo
It wa not fully understood
people, ut the tlmo they voted
is law, that it provided that
ibltioulsts, might call an elec
iW-ry year, whlio thoee ia favor
s, could only call an election
Avfc years; or that tho prohi-
fx permitted! to group
".dry" precincts together with
feV' ao to permit tho ma-
a me ory wecmcta to over-
Si 3MJ4rity ia the -wet pre-
IimI taua force a precinct to
4rx enm thoagh a majority
ia .wet jweciEct did -sot wiafe
Whil It wa .wnJtoo2 that
election was eallfd for the
sty, fveW outy weuW t
t "went ir prohlbittea. the
4id sot understand that if
sty elftoika west agaisst
m it dUt sat allow tKa
V wt, Wt mala 4ry !
is tae wty as vote4i dry.
Sth.Tho amendment also mises tho
number of tdgnatures necessary to
call an election from 10 per cent to
30 per cent. To permit 10 per cent, o
small minority of any community, to
call an .election puts it in the powor
of a few not only to thrust an ex
pense upon the taxpayers of the
county, but such right couldi bo and
has been easily utilised 09 a weapon
of persecution or blackmail.
Othk The amendment further pro
vldcs that tho salo of liquors in
wholesale quantities by bona fide
brewers, and distilleries and wineries
of wholesale houses, ia not to be con
strued) as a violation' of the law. J
Tho purposo of lool option is to con
trol tho saloon and the sale of liquors
ia retail quaatitiea. Under tbo pres
ent law, should tho precinct in which
a brewery is located vote dry, it'
would prevent tho brewery from manu
facturing any beer in its present lo
cnuon, anca zorce it to establish us
plant in some precinct that voted wet,
practically confiscating the plant lo
cated in the dry precinct; and thouga
tablkhed his place of business in a
certain location, if the precinct la
which his bualacM was located should
gf dry, ho would be prevented frora
tfcUg baslneR at this location, even
theugb ha did not tell to any ose
Uvlsg withia-ueh dty precinct.
lth. The ameadfiseut proposed
takes this, unjut and objectionable
feature oat of the law. The amend
raeat further provide that -waea a
preclact goea dry it aall set go Into
effect until 90 viaya. Tkia gives a
Mtla man wao wU ieaallv dolae
bvsiaeM ia the preeiact Wore it
s peepla t kaow that t T tao within which to difrj
The following letter has been sentto the various hop growers of this
state by the Salem Brewery associatien:
Salem, Oregon, May 24, 1906. Dear Sir: The voters of your county
will havo to decide on Juno 4th whether or not . they want prohibition.
"Under tho provisions of the local option law, 10 per cent of tho voters of
tho county have demanded that a vote bo had upon this subject and if a ma
jority of tho voters who vote on it, vote YES, then the sale of any alcohol
ic beverage will thereafter be prohibited.
Believing that you certainly do not approve of prohibition and that you
will, on the contrary, do all you can to defeat prohibition, wo havo taken
tho liberty of addressing you on this matter "We are informed that the pro
hibition people are leaving no stono unturned in order to carry the county.
Your community is one of the greatest hop growing districts in the state
and they would consider it a great victory and would advertise it every
where that your county, the great hop center, hadi gbne "dry." The hop
industry gives employment annually to thousands of deserving men, women
and children, furnishing many the only means for purchasing school boolts,
clothing and many of tho. necessities of llfo which they otherwise would
havo been compelled to do without. For every pound1 of hops raised 9 cents
is distributed among wago earners. Prohibition is every bit s much a
blow at hop raising as it is at tho manufacture and sale of beer.
You have considerable influence in your community, with your neighbors
and tho men in- your employ. "We would earnestly ask you to do all in your
power to securo thoir support towards defeating prohibition. Impress upon
thom tho necessity of going to the polls on. election day. If possible, see
that they get there. "Wo feel certain that If every hop grower in tho coun
ty will rnako it a point to work befon election and especially on election
day for the defeat of prohibition, that object will have been easily accomp
lished. Thero are about 150 hop growers in your county and every one
can influenco from five to a dozen voters. You can readily see what the
result would be undor such circumstances.
As hop growers we naturally feel that yon are as vitally interested- in
this question a9 we are as brewers. W0 bclievo that our business is as honor
able as any other in tho business world. There are some features of the
saloon business, when tho samo Is conducted by and in tho hands of unre
liable and irresponsible persons, that no eelf-respecting man will endorse,
and which havo dono much to discredit the liquor business as a whole. It
does not necessarily require prohibition to remedy these abuses. If tho of
ficers of every municipality will do their full duty, uch abuses would soon
be corrected. Prohibition has never cured this evil. It has simply driven
it from tho saloon, where 'It might have been controlled, int blindl pigs, and
' other places nnd dives which are entirely exempt from polieo supervision
andi municipal control. That prohibltlon.is a failure, has been demonstrat-
ed in every placo it has been tried. Tho 'country is full of object lessons
on thjs score. "Why, then, commit the eamo blunders in your county f Sin
' cerely boplng that you will aid in this matter, we Temain, yours truly,
SALEM BREWERY ASSOCIATION,
P. G. Deckebach. Vice. Pres.
Directers: OREGON HOP GEO WEES' ASSOCIATION.
J. iv. bears, Pres. u. c. Fletcher, Vice, Pres.
J R Coleman, Sec'y,
Geo. Savage, Treas.
J, K. SeaTS
J. R. Coleman
J. T. Wood
Louis Ames . ( ,
a W. Beckett
W. H. Bagaa
Salem, Oregon, May 26, I906.-To tho Hop Growers of Oregen: We
would urge upon every hop grower of this state to do his ataost toward the
defeat of prohlbitloa at the coking clectioa oa June 4th. Prohibition is in
overy sense ef the word as siuch, a blow at' tae hop industry as it is at tie
manufacture of beer We heartily endowa tte letter written bv- ik au
Browing aseociatiea to the lop growers of this state and sincerely hope
i cat every member or t&is aaeeeiatioa and ethers engaged ia the "hop indus
try will act energetically la thU matter. Years tenly,
JAS. X. OOUCMAN,
Secretary Oregon Hop Gravers' (Aaj Salem, Or.
JSaa Francisco Mtselonary Speaks
the Saloon question
Many sensationally inclined ministers of the gospel have iteaU&iac
it of denouncing tne Jiquor traffic and thoso engaged in th s
have advocated prohibition and- have gone so far as to cbt all '
saving grace of tee Christian belief unless they held aloof frost tt
traffic and denied themselves the privilege of imbibing sleoidii
when used as a beverage.
If it is wrong to manuf acture, sell and consume alcoholie berwim
it must be equally wrong for any ono to knowingly derive aay b
rectly or indirectly, from tho same. The man, bo he minister ef tli
or layman, who derives any benefit receives any support or noser
he would not havo received were it nob for the liquor traffic, udlil
views as above set forth, is neither consistent or wholly iosat
stronger expressions might be applicable in many instances.
The following is a list of persons and their occupations who ct'KijKtej
indirectly receive benefits owing to the existenco of the raufxtaKJW
salo of alcoholic beverages, and who morally as well as ficancuUj est
sider themselves part and parcel of the same.
Prohibition is as much a blow to theso industries is it 5 to, fit
, manufacture and sale of liquor. If the people who derice btBtitifoi
liquor traffic would take tho same interest in advocating reasoMM
for ita protection and regulation as they do in securing from it rrtssfF1
support, thero Would be little danger of prohibitien: ft)e?!
The hop growers, whoso numbers in this state aggregate at !i!fi-'nr
Tin nonnU wlir onnti-.ll- fiva nnrrnrvwll ? n.tiilr!nrr tt liAna wljt infK iaV
The thousands of people who otherwise help in the produetloa rfl?
The hop dealers and others who help in the sale and marketisg 1?
The builders of hop kilns, manufacturers of bop cloth, hop W&ti
boxes, hop poles, hop wire, and such other material which enlA
process of raising hops.
The farmer wno raises barley for malting purposes.
Persons engaged in raising grapes for making into wine.
All persons engaged in tho malting business, directly and incuK?
The manufacturers of malting machinery, and all material tbt &
to the' process of making malt.
All Dorsons encased in the manufacture of cooperace for the lif
This also includes the farmer or logger and sawmill that sells &
other' timber for that purpose. m
All person? engaged in tho manufacture of cider presses and mtif J
corks, bungs, iron hoops, and the hundredB of various articles ui ,'
used in the production and salo of beverages. All perrons esggd
various manufacturing concerns such as ice machinery, iron pip ' .
storage, engines, boilers, and, in fact, anv material or madia1!
directly or indirectly used in the construction and operation of pw ,
manufacture or sell liquor of any kind. . L
All persons engaged In tho manufacture of glass bottle used for l!f..'
glassware used in dispensing same. All retail ana wcoiesaie acw -j
ware who sell same to the liauor trado or to individuals wleM Jf
to use same for drinking alcoholic beverage?. (Note How I
ware would a dealer sell if it were not for the custom of un"1
. .v. --i 3. .i t Ikif firtnrufi
.rt-it persons engaged in me manuiaciuro auu- ww v
and furnishings for saloons.
Tyrcrii.i nniMnuii)! In nnl1 ctn.orrA nlanf rn!lrOflflS. SteJUBW
companies and transfers, and many other agencies through wwt
o it A nlltrul nrnrlnflto nrn It a m 3 1 asi nnr? fTnTtmrtTTPi-
Tho many thdusands of persons who aro given employment oin
-manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.
Persons who rent their buildings to saloons and wholesale up
Property ownersi who rent dwelling houses and apartment! w
-nn i1!ro 4nntr llntnn on1 anrtTuirf rnm thn HflllOr bUSlBM.
Property owners who rent buildings to persons engaged in aes .,
... ..... .. .... .... --J roronne "
wnicn couioi not exist were n not lor tno dusidiao uu
rectly from the liquor business. ...
Property owners who rent, their land for the purpose j?y
barley, grapes and other products that enter into the prora
holic beverages. jajfcuW
TJ.U j. a . i. ii - V r-ri0W iBStH"
( .mguc, power anu waier comjranira woo oc iv ko - tjnf
make up the general list of concerns that enter into and owm
rectly and indirectly from tho manufacture and salo of co jt
All retail and wholesale concerns that sell or enter into &T
laMnnn -wirn -Hin lintvnr Trofflo. nnA trOm tha flame derive P19""
GH0X0HB8 ASS AT FAULT.
(From tho Oregonian.)
Denver, Colo May 28.-(SpcciaL)--'Saloon
talk is all worthless," said
Dr. George B. Smyth, representing San
Francisco at the Rocky Mountain Mis
sionary convention) this morning. "Moat
men drink, not because they like it,
but because they caa find a mice, warm
eomfortable place ia a saloon where
they eaa eit down and talk with their
fellewmea. The minister ia the t1pH
gets up before the people and d
nennees saloeaa with the prospect of
saying soals by his geed-fer-aething
attacks. Seata in hie eeagratien
eat; from H000 te lie.Md each, while
a roan can ait down i
cost of five cents.
poor man i - j- ,
tho peauuiui -JV"Yj
ious colored) wmww-. -r
of entenngl not jj
.., w vim feel v.t"TdA
bo would think it t rfl
ever got into. A Tjji
v. ?rt a saloon rfw-fTI.
eourae man will g
treated like a nnw--tt-.
"The most pi- ZV
great cities i the fTJi'
t v.i,int the iudM Ta
10 WV W--
of help and d?
or aciv "-" .i
ir eaoal r"' 1,1
. ,3 IWlfT'
the Door wno ent
ered their tV1'
the poor who cr
ef our cities."
tk k 4. .''
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