Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1896-1899, April 12, 1898, Image 1

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This is
Furnished black
Exauisite patterns
and see them, Also
embroideries, See the different lines from
6c to 25c a yard, that will cost you double
the money regular, Lots of new goods aiv
rived at
Corner Slate and Commercial streets,
Removal Sale.
Come in and Get Bargains
248 Commercial street
But we are going to commence the
you low prices for
Salem Special, patronize borne industry
Aumsvllle Flour
Kew Pickles, per qt
Arbuckle and Lion Coffee, per p&
Kest Mocha and Java Coffee, per lb
Good Mocha and Java coffee per lb
Chocolate, per lb
lOlbs. P.. Wheat
lOlbs CornMeal
Try our 11 o Cream Oats for mush.
Old P, O Goroer
THey Gome I
Our new, stylish, up
are catching People
will go where they
can get nice goods at
popular prices, 275
Commercial street is
the place Call on us
for a square deal and
up-to-date shoes
our $30i
and myrtle green,
and bargains . Call
an immense line of
Ilardwarc Is a line In which there is
a great variety In quality and, of
course, In price. We give you the
best to be had of everything. You
would not expect to Ret cheup pi Ices
on high grade poods, but we do bell
the best goods at the lowest possitle
prices. For instance our
Stoves and Ranges
There are no better poods made, and
we can sell them at prices that would
surprise you.
New Year again with offering
only 00
, ,. 10
, 25
Important Document On the
Spanish-Cuban Affair.
Two Factions Are Disclosed
in Congress.
Some for War, Some for Peace and
Some for Intervention.
And the Message Has Gone to the
Foieign Committee,
All Responsibility Is Now Thrown
Upon Congress.
Washington, April 12. The fu
ture relations of the lUnlted States
with Spain, and to Cuba, rest with
congress. What course congress will
pursue cannot be foretold. The
foreign relations committees of both
house, now have the subject In their
control ."and after due deliberation,
will report to their respective branches
what they consider should be the at
titude of the United Stales on the
grave question presented. Early ac
tion by the committees is expected,
but exactly when it may be looked for
is not now determinable. Tiie full
responsibility of the subject was
placed upon congress relating to our
negotiations with Spain as to the
warefare in Cuba and drawing there
from his personal conclusions and
recommendations. He placed the
trust with these werds: "The issue
Is now with congress. It is a solemn
responsibility. I have exhausted
every effort to relieve the intolerable
condition of affairs which is at our
doors. Prepared to execute every ob
ligation Imposed upon me, by the
constitution and law, I await your
No message in recent years, caused
such widespread and Intense interest.
That it dld.not create profound en-
thuslaim may bo due to the fact that
its main features had been accurately
forecasted or to disappointment
among those who wanted Cuban inde
pendence and immediate reprisals
upon Spain for the destruction of the
Maine. For a long time a large ma
jority In bcth houses have favored the
recognition of the independence of
Cuba, and for mnro than two
years, as voiced in the reso
lutions passed by congress, the
recognition of bellgerency has been
sought. Both of these propositions
ivere antagonized In the message and
consequently, in this regard, the mes
sage did not accord witli the majority
sentiment. The message left congress
yery much at sea, because of the dls
paragement In the yiews, between it
and the executive, are obstacles hard
to surmount, unless, as now seemi
possible, congress sees its course to
lean in accord with the president's
A declaration of war was talked of,
and a declaration that the people of
Cuba should be free, coupled with an
authorization to the president to
bring this about by armed interven
tion, was suggested. It Is-well known
that any proposition advanced will -be
met In the senate with an amend
ment declaring for the independence
of the present Cubau government.
Conservative senators met in the af
ternoon and decided to oppose any
radical measure if it should be re
ported by the committee. They will
oppose, by debate, the recognition of
the independence of the present gov
A Hot Time in the Old Town
That's what there Is.in store, but don't burn your fingers
on so-called bargains, closing out sales and cheap goods, Before
you invest a cent, investigate our stock and low cut prices,
h mm mime.
ernment and a declaration of war, and
will consent to action only along the
lines of recommendations of the pres
ident as to intervention at his discre
tion. The temper of the houe could not
be accurately determined, but, there,
as in the senate, the proposition for
Cuban independence has to be met.
Any report from the commltteij on
foreign affairs that does not carry
this feature will bo antagonized by an
amendment and the -pr sperts aro
that nearly all the Democrats ani
nearly all the Republicans would
fayor It.
Obedient to that precept of the con
stltutlon which commands the presi
dent to give from tlmo to time tho
congress information of the state of
the Union and to recommend to its
consideration such measures as he
shall deem necessary and expedient, it
becomes my duty now to address your
body with regard to tno grave condi
tion that has arisen in the relations
of the United States and Spain, by
reason of the warfare that for more
than three years has raged in the
neighboring island of Cuba. I do so
because of the intimate connection of
the Cuban question with the state of
our Union, and because of the grave
relations which the course which Is
incumbent upon the nation to adopt
must needs bear to the traditional
policy of our government, If it Is to
accord with the precepts laid down by
the founders of the Republic and re
ligiously observed by succeeding ad
ministrations to the present day.
The present revolution Is but the
successor of other similar insurrec
tions which have occurcd in Cuba
against the dominion of Spain, ex
tending over a period of nearly half a
century, each of which, during Its
progress, has subjected the United
States to great effort and expense In
enforcing its neutrality laws caused
enormous loss to American trade and
commerce, caused irritation, an
noyance and disturbance amoug our
citizens, and by the exercise of cruel,
barbarous and uncivilized practices of
warfare, shocked the sensibilities and
offended the humane sympathies of
our people.
Since tho present revolution began,
In February, 1895 this country has
seen the fertile domain at our thresh
old ravaged by lire and sword In the
course of a struggle unequaled to the
history of the island, and rarely par
alleled a" to the number of the com
batants and the bitterness of the
oontest by any revolution of modern
times where a dependant people
striving to be free have been opposed
by the powers of a sovereign state.
Our people havo beheld a onco pros
perous community reduced to compar
ative want, Us commerce virtually
paralyzed, its exceptional productive
ness diminished, its fields laid waste,
Its mills in ruins and its people
perishing by tens of thousands from
hunger and destitution.
We have felt ourselves constrained,
in the observance of that strict neu
trality which our laws enjoin and
which the laws of nations command,
to police our own waters and watch
our own seaports In prevention of any
unlawful act in aid of Cuba. Our
trade has suffered, the capital invested
by our citizens in Cuba has been
largely lost, and the temper and for
bearance of our people have been so
sorely tried as to beget a perilous un
rest among our own citizens, which
has Inevitably followed Its expression
from time to time in the national leg
islature so that Issues wholly external
to our body politic engross attention
and stands Inftho way ofjiuore close
devotion to domestic advancement
that becomes a self-contented com
monwealth, whose primal maxim has
been the avoidance of all foreign en
tanglements. All this must needs
awaken and has Indeed aroused the
utmost concern on the part of this
government as well during my prede
cessor's as during my own administra
In April, 1808, the evils from which
our country suffered, the Cuban war,
became so enormous that my pre
decessor made an effort to bring about
peace through the meditation of the
government in any war that might
tend to an honorable adjustment of
the contest between Spain and her
revolting colony on the basis of 6ome
effective scheme of self-government
for Cuba, under the flag and sover-
elgntyof Spain. It failed, through
tho refusal of tho Spanish govern
ment then In power to consider any
form of mediation or Indeed any plan
ofscttlement which did not begin with
the actual submission of -the Insur
gents to the mother country and then
only on such terms as Spain herself
might see fit to grant.
j The war continued unabated. Tho
(resistance of Insurgents was In no
wise diminished. The efforts of Spain
jwore increased both by tho dispatch
tot fresh levies to Cuba and by addi
tions to tho horrors of the strife. Tho
Jicw and Inhuman phase, happily un
precedented In the modern history or
civilized Christian people, the pollcj
Of devastation and concentration, In
auKurated by tho Captain general's
ban of October 21, 1816, In tho
province of Plnar del Rio, wa9 thence
extended to embrace all of the island
to which tho power of the
Spaniards was able to reach by
occupation or by military oper
atlons. The pleasantry, Includ
ing all dwelling In tho open agri
cultural interior, were driven into tho
garrison towns or isolated places held
by tho Spanish troops, The raising
of provisions of all kinds was inter
dicted. The fields wero made waste,
dwelling unrofed and tired, mill do
stroyed, and In short, everything that
could desolate tho land and render It
unlit for human habitation or sup
port was commanded by one or the
other contending parties and executed
by all the powers at their disposal.
By the time the present adminis
tration took office a year ago, recon
centratlon so called had been effec
tive over the better part of four cen
tral and western provinces. Santa
Clara, Mantanzas, Havana and Pinar
del Rio. The agricultural population,
to tho estimated number of 30,000 or
more was herded within the towns or
their Immediate vicinity, dcpilyed of
all the means of support, rendered
destitute of shelter, left poorly clad
and exposed to the most unsatisfactory
As the scarcity of food Increased
with the devastation of the depeopled
areas of production, destitution and
want became misery and staryatlon.
Month by month the death rate In
creased at un' alarming ratio, and by
March, 1808, according to conservative
estimates from official Spanish sources
the mortality among the rcconcentra
dos from starvation and tho descases
thereto Incident exceeded 60 per cent
um of the total number. 'No practi
cal relief was accorded to the desti
tute. Tho overburdened towns, al
ready suffering from the general
dearth, could give no aid. So-called
zones of cultivation, established
within the Immediate area of effec
tive military control, about the cities
nnd fortified camps, proved Illusion
ary as a remedy for the suffering.
The unfortunates, being for the most
part women and children, with aged
and helpless men, enfeebled by disease
and hunger, could not have tilled the
soil without tools, seeds or shelter,
for their own support or for tho sup
ply of tho cities.
Reconcentratlon adopted avowedly
as a war measure, to cut off the re
sources of the insurgents, worked its
predestined result. As I said In my
message of last December, it Is not
civilized warfare; it was extermination
and the only peace It could beget was
that of the wilderness and the
Meanwhile tho military situation in
the island had undergone a noticeable
change. The extraordinary activity
that characterized the second year of
the war, when the Ingurgents Invaded
even the hitherto unharmed fields of
Plnar del llto and carried hayou and
destitution up to the walls of the
cilynf Havana itself, had relapsed
into a dogged struggle In the central
and eastern provinces. The Spanish
army regained a measure of control
In Plnar del Rio and parts of Havana,
but under tho existing conditions of
the rural country, without immediate
improvement of their productive sit
uation. Even thus partially restricted,
the revolutionists held their own, and
their submission, put forward by
Spain as the essential and sole basis
of peace, seemed as far distant as ut
the outset
In this state of affairs my adminis
tration found Itself confronted with
the grave problem of Its duty. My
message of last December reviewed
the situation and detailed the steps to
be taken with a view of relieving the
acutcness and opening the way to
some form of honorable settlement.
The assassination of the prime min
ister, Canovas, led to a change of gov
ernment in Spain. The former ad
ministration, which pledged subjuga
tion without concession, gave place to
that of a more liberal party, commit
ted long in advance to a policy of re
form involving tho wider principle of
home rule for Cuba and Porto Rice,
Tho overtures of this government,
made through our envoy, General
Woodford, and looking to an Immed
iate amelioration of the condition
ot the Island, although not accepted
to the extent of admitted mediation
In any shape, were met by assurances
that home rule In an advanced phase
should bo forthwith offered to Cuba,
without waiting for the war to end,
and that more humane methods
should thenceforth prevail In tho con?
duct of hostilities.
Incidentally with these declaro
tlons the new government of lipain
continued and completed the policy
already begun by Its predecessor of
testifying friendly regard for this na
tion by releasing American citizens
held under one charge or another con
nected with the Insurrection, so that,
by the end ot November, not a single
person entitled In any way to our na
tional protection, remained In a
Spanish prison.
While theso negotiations were in
progress the Increasing destitution of
the unfortunate rcconcentrados and
the alarming mortality among them
claimed earnest attention. The suc
cess which had attended tho limited
measure of relief extended to the suf
fering American citizens among them
by tho Judicious expendltures,tbrough
tho consular agencies, of the money
appropriated expressly for their suc
cor by the Joint resolution approved
May 24, 1897, prompted tho humane
extension of a similar scheme to that
great body of sufferers. On tho 24th
of December I caused to bo lusued nn
appeal to tho American people, Invit
ing contributions In money or In kind
for the succor of tho starving suffer
ers In Cuba.
Following this, on the 8th of Janu
ary, was a similar public announce
ment of tho formation of a central
Cuba relief committee which had its
headquarters In New York City, com
posed of nieiiioers representing the.
nation il Red Uur-a ami the religious
and bu uiuv-elements of thecummun
ity. Tnecfforia .,f that committee
have been untiring and have accom
plished much, Arrangements for- free
transportation to Cuba havo greatly
aided the charitable work.
The president of tho American Red
Cross and rcprebcutatlvesof othor con
tributary oiganizations have gen
eraliy visited Cua and co-operated
with the consul-general and tho local
authorities to make effective distri
bution to the relief collected through
the efforts of tho central commllte.
Nearly $200,000 in money und supplies
has reached tho sufferers, and more Is
forthcoming. Tho supplies are ad
mitted duty .free and tho transpor
tation to the .Interor has been ar
ranged bo that tho relief necessarily
confined to Havana and tho larger
citits is now. extended through most,
If not all, of the towns wliero suffer
ing exists. Thousands ot lives have
nlready been saved.
Tho necessity for a change In the
condition of the rcconcentrados la
recognized by the Spanish government
Within a few days past tho orders
of General Weyler have been re
voked, the rcconcentrados arc, It Is
said, to bo permitted to return to
their homes, and aided to resume
tho self supporting pursuits of peace;
public works havo been started to
give them employment and a sum ot
$000,000 has been appropriated for
their relief.
The worK in Cuba is of such a na
ture that, short or subjugation or ex
termination, a final military victory
for the other side seems impracticable.
The alternative lies in the physical
exhaustion of the ono or the other
party, or perhaps both, a condition
which in effect ended the ten years'
war by tho truce of Sun Juan. The
prospect of such a protraction and
conclusion of the present strife Is a
contingency hardly to bo contemplated
with cquunlmity by tho civilized
world, and least of all by the United
States, affected and objected as wo
arc deeply and Intlmatoly by Its yery
Realizing this, it appeared to be my
duty, in a spirit ot truo friendliness,
no less to Spain than to tho Cubans,
who nave so much to lose by the pro
longation of tho struggle, to seek to
bring about an immediate termina
tion of the war. To this end I sub
mitted, on the 27th ultimo, as a re
sult of much representation and cor
respondence through the United
States minister at Madrid, proposi
tions to tho Spanish government
looking for an armistice until Octo
ber 1, for the negotiation of peace
with the good offices of the president.
In addition, I usked the immediate
revocation of the order ot reconcentra
tlon, so as to permit tho people to re
turn to their farms und tho needy to
be relived with provisions and sup
plies by tho United Stutcs, co-oporut-ing
with tho Spanish authorities so
as to afford full relief. The reply of
the Spanish cabinet was received on
the night ot theSlst ultimo. It offers,
as the means to bring about peuco In
Cuba to contlde tho preparation
thereof to the Insular department,
inasmuch us the concurrence of that
body would be necessary to establish
a final result, it belng,however, under
stood by the powers reserved by the
constitution to the central govern
ment are not lessened or diminished.
As tho Cuban parliament docs nut
meet until the 4th of May next, the
Spanish government would not object
for Its part, to accept at onco u sus
pension of hostilities If asked for by
the insurgents through the general-In-chief,
to whom It would pertain
such cases todetermlne tho duration
and conditions of tho armistice,
The proposition submitted by Gen
eral Woodford und tho renlv of the
Spanish government were boJi in the
form or brier memoranda, tne texts
of which aro before mentioned und
substantially In the language above
given. The function of tho Cuban
parliament in the matter of preparing
placound the mannerof doing so arc
not explained In the Spanish memor
andum. but from General Woodford's
exp anatory notes of preliminary dis
cussion preccdlci the final conference
It Is understood that tho Spanish
government stands ready to give the
insular congress iuu power to settle
the tenuB of ncace with the Insurg
ents, whether by direct negotiation
or indirectly by tue means or legisla
tion does not appear. With this last
overture In the direction of Immed
iate ncico and its d saDnelutlni: re
ception by Spain, tho executive was
qrougntto tuoenu oi ms cnoris.
In my annual uiessago of December
lait I said:
"Of the untried measures there ro
main Recognition of tho Insurgents
as belligerents, recognition of tho In
dependence of Cuba and Intervention
to ena tno war uy imposing a rational
compromise between the contestants,
or intervention In favor of ono or tho
other party. I speak not ot forcible I
annexation.for that cannot bo thought i
of. That, by our codoot morality. 1
would lie criminal aggression." 1
I Continued on third page
Insurgents Willing to Fight
Under Old Glory
McKinlev's Message Is a Waste of
Jacksonville Fla April 12 Tho
Cuban Junta hero received a very Im
portant letter from General Gomez
lately, via Key West. While its con
tents havo been guarded very care
fully and the main portion of It tent
on to the Now York Junta's office, yet
It is ascertained tjiat It brings the
news that Gomez Is nronarlnir toco-
opcrato with tho United States forces
In case of war In un attack upon Ha
vana. Callxto Garcia has passed tho tro
chu aud ho and Gomez, with some
18,000 troops, are now marching west
ward and townid Havaua. Tho In
surgents are recruiting In all sections
and frL m good authority it is ascer
tained bhut Gomez has promised to
havo from 25,000 to 30,000 troops be
hind Havana to uid in reducing it.
Tho letter added that tho Spanlsli of
ficers thcro wero greatly worried over
the news of Gomez's approach and
mau troops uaa ocen caned into Ha
vana and that much work was bolng
done In throwing up earthworks in
tho rear of tho city and otherwiso
strengthening tho forts of tho city.
Tho Insurgents, the dispatch said,
hailed with joy tho Intervention of
the United States and that their
ranks were being rapidly increased
daily. Gomez and tho United States
aro now In closo touch and tho nows
of the dcclararlon of war, will he
carried to him by means of tprlvato
signals without loss of tlmo 60 that
ho could movo with knowledge of
where tho United States forces were
and what they were doing. tTho cam
paign Is arranged between them, ac
cording to this authority.
New Yonis, April 12, Tho follow
ing lsan extract from a letter written
to Consul Barker, United States rep
resentative at Santiago do Cuba, by
Maximo Gomez, and will be presented
to President MoKlnloy,
"Ono year ago wo received a pro
posal from Spain to agrco to an arm
istice. Wo .efused then, as wo ro
tuso now. Tho rainy season will soon
bo at hand, and Spalns troops would
like an-armlstlco until it li oyer Wo
shall throw away no advantage, On
the other hand, 1 am anxious that
hostilities shall cease, but It muBt bo
for all tlmo. If Spain agrees to leave
Cuba, taking her Hag with her, I um
willing to agrco to an armistice to
last until October 1, when the loyal
Cubans shall come Into their own.
"Please tell Pro3ldent McKlnley
this for mo. Tell him too, that I am
writing this at tho direction of the
Cuban provisional government, with
which they may treat directly should
they so desire."
How the Message Was Received,
Washington, April 12. Tho most
significant utteranco on the subject of
tho message was that of Senator For
uker, Republican, from tho president's
own stuto and a member ot tho com
mittee on foreign relations. Ho said:
"I have no patience with tho mes
sage and you can say so,"
The reading ot the messago in the
house was greotcd with scattering ap
plause from tho Republican sldo und
grons from tho Democratic side. The
gallarlcs mado no demonstration.
The messago waB referred to tho com
mittee on foreign affairs without de
ifi! ill
' IOflOB
ltas Roynl I tl-9 hi(riict ara Mfoff
LiHmn. Actual test lww K MM
third furtfcer t&M oy hr4.
Ahsetottiy rare
bate, and tho house proceeded with
tho District of Columbia buslsess.
Tho houso commltteo on rcreign af
fairs was In session an hour this,
morning, but reached no conclusion
us to tho form or subject-matter of
tho resolution which will bo reported.
Tho commltteo will hold another
meeting tomorrow morning.'
Tho houso Republicans who were In
tho movement for aggressive action
nro to meet to decide upon a plan of
Almost Universally Condemned as a
Weak Document. ,
The almost universal verdict at
Salomon McKinley's message is, "a.
very weak affair I" It has caused
great disappointment to Republi
cans. His treatment of tho blowing up ot
tho Maine Is entirely inadequate.
Coming from tho head ot the admsn
Istratlon that sent tho Ill-fated vessel
into that murderous harbor, the mes
sago is an Inadequate treatment of
what amounts to a real cause for war.
It wounds the patrlotlo sentiment ot
For killing three German citizens
and destroying ono warehouse Ger
many demanded and secured repara
tion within 30 hours. Had tho Maine
been under tho flag of any other first
class power a naval force would have
demauded reparation or the evacua
tion of Havana before this.
President MoKlnloy has been known
in political matters, to bo a weak man
surrounded by weak men of second
rato ability. But his weakness in
taking a position on a great critical
occasion had noycr been fully demon
strated. There remains llttlo doubt
that ho has utterly failed to rise to
tho requirements of tho occasion.
Pkof. Scott Coming. Remember
Mrs. Wlllman's "Pupil's Musical
Evening." Frldav night, tho 15th
Inst, at tho studio over the First
National bank, at 8 p. in. There will
bo a very select program of solos, d uos,
quartets and vocal numbers. Prof.
Scott, tho eminent director of tho
head conservatory at Kansas City,
will give a short musical talk, and
placo tho Salem students la touch
wlta the great work of the national
work. Admission 25c.
TjS nothing but good sens
applied to your clothes,
or, we'll say, good judgment
in picking out your clothier.
If you wear Hart, Schaffner
& Marx guaranteed clothes
you'll be in good taste, in
perfect fashion and money in
pocket beside. H. S. & M.
clothes fit perfectly, wear bet
ter and keep in shape longer
than any other clothes we
know of. They are sold by
the leading fashionable cloth
ier in every large cRy ki
Commercial st, ftmt Curt a
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- - insure"
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