set. ? W i& Mr m mm mts&. 'j-xxcxtrt tsassATC j . M . S. I is tsj-wcm iSry tiayf tfciij&egsawsaBist erw . kris So tfeyt&t&MML TosrficaosfcajS- . . mZL i"'mni I'm w iirTifMnrir'fr . . . . .. S m4 && r""0"" ;; f T" " "--"- wi-- -- - -. bvmid. wer oaw jfffXXtseTKcxs, - ESSsrx, 6C Efi. 'JfJMrterrV 3&M-. i- .. BIT TM1 flr..J. T rZ-Z-Z- W,wjy. )Mg-E-r7-" i?r $ f PAT8&ll-5- w B9T- cusAe. axrever. 4 to s tfea t7 perr&&l trfu rsr xw7 are w-- BEFtTBLIOA2 TIGKET. STATrTKXET. - , rrn-7 CSs E. Z.KJeaae.I Ieamyv : y- seats' r 2S 3eSa eC esxssen :?. - -a - we- a , eF "fjtm. Tar jgrramt ,Ixc-C E. . w" . .. "w ., I iswnTnTrnnfnftriiiiiiiiiii FBBroiiiRff'Bairaitt T . - . - -- - -r L'JSCv iVSV. -Sr- .j - " - & .VtBTCnM. . -t.. " . S-.0.1 jni Z&iH, 1&- ? iri&T am,r?.?T hua!. wti&er f5Qte(Ua5W3efeS'3i eeat ItiT JtSM.Gaaasc; at. Jffl.tf XM to . w - . yr BG&aiUKEt&teApC g tfte s&trsesaa JafcrWsSSSf-- 2..&CRdE- TMlttf S - ja .r. tsln ar B- Xf- lxS3S3t8l trier frjfe- .fwiir?rtt3 rz&r TZL1 1 iln.m-nt . -'-. -!- .V i - V1HHK2& ! 1 afiKei I yrTVJ to tfce cisBaar - tk de- cwM tfciBit? Vi csaoL- Frxt -rtaff? ieosnSof fordossr-ithat c iaalwaj iBlTcicrfa ib' It year, for it -mroldeeesi that fax lSO a xeweraof toairnptcy isore 2isrfrcHS tlaa that recorded for Mrreral "yeaxi prerkse. bad tea isassnted. In the 12 racsrths to ess than M ooiapanfes, barias 1 C7) t1m cf rood, aad rroresatiB? the pro- Saator DjlpilB igjom cajtaKxation of narlj- ?S?,- "' ' - - - iw w i i assa?? 5TIaiB5riIB-' fc- tie Jtate. Pf I ftef i. T r mac s-k. i, . m u - . a t t Sathccxafa--feHBfs ft9..rr-uiep-a ' rss'wif--r- f--g a. . -- f- ... a-. sFra UwSi - a Bil M A a W J - J?i "&,& rnasaaf. It 4 '.. '. - .. - sot UBsTerFJsrasfc 0hi rjraeiasws" -' -" ' ' XHtMtx fa KM. TS 3rrJod 5 were faHj. Me i5ea tlom.tr &&& to eatUH tfaae fa 1 a4 jprska&J impvre&h ad .est off ,- JtjTflrtrJfflarf Joereweas Ses- eoaoUf. We UltcfexdadinzCbJczt- ehp labor. al it fa a Keatic? w. dmltUflg tb pr,&dacti of och Ubor. A to oar owotry coder lo f o'.It or fe tnde. Tbe poorest d 3atpt: Uijttx tsfteierablt! ktwrer, midlng !c ar owctry and onder our ie:UoUoi x-Hr!xk? thai dey-Tisg fecewt efIxaas&kXs0CtP2, a fesdrwS al ee tMt to t&e flrajerpstttevcfffcc tfet tMi sre- Tbere as sHesa bjwb esOboss to S (tatA9Sr' tssMm Uk vbxtfz to da 6U lJSwsefc,to?,tfeat r$Sd te scd sfc a Ctaia emftefvt 1j anay It sedsr to Sks ta3 frees r&rtfc 'otaXk&t 2iUx & traafa s tkB ef tW E& 4wg11 t dr&dsl et aiept!atet&rri&iS0a-.ti&&l It&zrU tm&A V! rsac r;uBie xiife,trrfrKci - ylsar-W-H.l. eeaeaaras. jj IftpsrA SJ m fSf - y a 4-c ttt aia - J th- -- rr T iWr JUtrsHu !! ! FIEST CaSGK2S2K AI. IMK' Zsstt&g&Try&rii&rvG&rtt&x&B Sfwr. wisei oat .& nes-4ia tir nsarii SKafefS. 3S grerrtJa C tis 1HIBU JUDICIAI. DI5TBIOE. . Fr Oaeotx Jaigi K. K. Hi7X7; IXas OSES?-. Fee D5rk AiSsrser, 3LiSS OKSIT. rfZf(Z3i:ilZSxTOZBL.t ttacC V5-i CU AAVi " ' ' - t --. M rra-KOt.aM. to T-5"'' Sifc easfyjted etcSrr S tA ! dfr- i .v- !,., nf wTrs. Tbe bard i I'M rart . """J , ., - 7 . .. ..j. sl 1w utjEoa ",Ti?riE?-w'," r w-- , r-i-iBTrslotaisgiiB' affected all ciawes, mw ywi -cias & Ak. -" - - . a nn M- FWV I 1.1. f wtU !.-- "w"" "'" " - - ia l feBTxasC rrtyr? IsetliKBsai - sraBrs us- tae ci-s Ssare boss aar"faSa J twatSKL. i-'-? van-z. .isusst l J t .auJitaiC pe lite I'SSSa fi. SdtdfojiJ ef lb raiD- ut&Vt tbaz 'As vtdeh. jorm esssgraae Ucde&uzi; tbearay it tcnSeo cia cj Iv5s pJtcty tf esMaai to eat op Strze tons iu tle wr cftax, d jes H to t of aaj pcMSfeal eerrfc f o b i iie tf oeed; tb carf is tqoafly U&dtxA. J( tbetezod other Tv'Oi r out eoSkZtat thracgU irbiehto 1 ttf, tbe pesvpfe oym the timtd itlgt way of bosaA. woA tbsv tM Ttzo&zaX ton, yUcxngaA easal frcjeeS. Tb 1pTtmzBU&t tb VdtUd BUtea otm ,t w ftceif tA to iu folore to coc&rks 'btesEeeIrHotbtireio tbe iw at cotasx, to own scd to opsrat U. ganij, tbi ewrBneot bvai& be a kjraaP Ib 'asrio2 iu SrTlst atixesa&f irerfcjeSticts cizaxtcio2 xusofectcren a pfvfit opoa Ifctir to j .-ewm-ct. WefeteTfetfcStobprj r, t,jrj,fer$tbeflUal! tbe ptofie. nt&i tad poor. Bat if bo tbe poor ask fe t attl of tbat "pt1ezD3Jis3S, to gen. troodj )xmtttA apoo tbe ricb, kl It aotbeAicJedibtta. If tbtoof-tbl weroneotiebapi7to cuBect tax, runner, ktlttaieiU proltetloz arm from tbe ricb. and let It be a (tttot-nU tin to the derril. wltboat any bazidl- capc XBZAIOEEB-H. O. Ertnra ofTfer - isxtyyssjszr-v. r, wisf eiissE- acaww KOFEBtsxasf ozsrr-i. &. o- JtnCB oyPKiCE-rorSileiD (SiirSrt cnraeL&-roc ! Brt-A. x. TM. JS5SUO Ta eawrsssa stcwase of ayffio- m: W n xaxcfwt Knioi3t fflSCSJ a ygfK..- fcn fcrrfa tasrargz. i'r- tfatlS eiSSr xezrt KKrcBcera Jarre iu bsea siscsSesaid, feasg tfcesrrS s2 scsetwf t2-iis irr ytorirf to Jf- CCXS t',T'-t BOi3 HFii .iie- . . v i-r xfeB ir; t ' ''" "'": . , t :.!' taje-aailrjptesiSSBMlTtca. TSss lbea.2J3eBc agfegsMass esse feiecit tt segaai . Best Hso6s.i KsqsteMsaiK tsocne ftat If tie BKi&aa persy, && -f afaaKt a TH3S feria asMoisesS, tteres a raajseir tfes iVr! -w tiTaTBiH bs eTr- -- . " , 31 t f&sa. SsA foea axatnameas - -. i-. T 5w tesss ik "" tirecitie Fgsae. it ra Ufas cct of sla pie near tbe loraca of a Jar? ezs&kz X oenAoriecs ISls ad spaced a tbe to?.ccntraryto-tira!efof tbe fes&e,zad cpsa tbe Tote besg tales, iacsde-toMCETeitspasiiee tbe pres ds-i of tbe Ksaie caii be coasted " a csmber I es9 iioev siat-rtoogsBse to eoaerce baa th lic. .e laborers as -wD as lbs rail- i't i-- l stinate adbereacfe , rrimnanits. DTiT!.to Ms TiaooarTl a 5c Tork correpoodeat .w- It xeaEraoe e " "T jri ri k. - to tbe ica- "- - -JI 1 - i-' a vff'T ai tbe.I5alair. a .JT J" tTT ' JnT J of acb sxabs saasas; Es-s ?TIf1SrS.ta rd, bypi tbe Bib- resy xaoe pracc "cii - -- SS3HKiSaKyr5 cor -"-ny a sa - : . .jiu corar of the totmaow : - Sr Tte efl-io views np -rtiekobiSr-. fxe trSc2oU, W w- " ..- .. aportaas to tbe pPe of Earn Oroa ties tbe CotaabU nrer sbOTM b opd to fr owamerce than taai Ss&k Etotei booid imantaia a coanrt eaev of cotoiws coaformaWe to bis -z' v..-4? Tb-reisaoqnes- ta of aaea rea:er iaportaace to tbs CXEEsaia taaa isai oi -.Hrprwrea-Bt of the Colnataa at The Dalles. , . Senator Dolph ia a letter dated Oct. 22, lii&, reftfmas to tbe first report of tbe enquirers oa The Dalles impronre isrtKud: -Tbe esada&rts haTe recoin- Tr,.! a wKtasre TailTray as a lempv- nes ass . rasui kwjct-, , i - - - . , r -a .. --l- t.w i .-. a - riu- . ,i. . Tj-cri- ad tbe eaesa oc ;bbs5hoj- - TTt raryerpdnt to overcome ice u- Judge Saunders Says that For Rheumatism Hood's SaraapariRa latrto Beat. rrr la a Tir fci uk i- :be o rrmuJi. fat oa fcaSajseesrwitSMcs ysca- T - . - l.n-.n Saaoc- iaac, bj f--r .TT" V,, li5T64e teyert- SSbSi SrSrta SSte tbeTOter badeadbis .SVHcb.ifSEx.ifT bold tbe tici iig."yg3'i mrtajit.'CiJ'wiiw r 'SE Sryar This wffrOc Handxed JMhir B rfU,!oABlleMoaflr. --gS? to harJog bfm mlde nndtr anoioer j C'HEy & C" P't- Toltdo, O, goTtmnJeat and od hU prodacU be - t- to it) oar laborer to idleoese. We did Hot w out to dbcu the te- tolgraitoa problem Ja UiU article, bat It fa more lrxjport&t iban a great deal of political d!oioo tbat fa bad Id tbesa day. We, aball dluw tba some ober tlrue. But we want U nrfntanartlcte wblcb l j.dreoentirt Ulow from tbe BacramcDtoB. Not tbat w eodori-e U ueotlmeafa, but be- 'cmuH tetwaldeof the iodtutri.1 v qoetloo tbat fa not often o cfearly, to atroDjtly and eoorazeooMy . ItconUIruia, great deal of trotb.arjd -we commend Ifa careful penual to ot r reader; "TWO KIJf3 OK VATZMMMH." Wbeneyer tbe ricb call oiwntbw government for aid tiii ttruinrfirftferl have known r. 1. Cbeny for tbe fast 15 yean, and b tere blm perfectly honorable in all rtttfnet trauctlooa and finanoally We to carry oat aoy obHeation made y tbeir firm, TniMtn. o Wsldlniz. Klnnan & Mar- .!. BimiMiix lira lt. Toledo. Ohio. tiuU'c.tithCait:UUVtu Intercal- r, acting upon the blood and njoeoo jrfow of tbe ytem. Price 76c. per aii- HnlitbY all druzzleU. Ttatl- ujoqUU free Hawaii woakl beaRepuWo Be- pablle In rixty day Jf Harrison were oreaidenL and the American -flag oa!d float forerer there In the mid way Padflc WTO F M&affAM ' & imms mmM mm lVm!i j- rrrrsmmaiitXi o! , w . ts acr low tbaa tfcst any atar i pssoprf atato oeeers, escept tbe attor- Tbe last legislature was most exfcsva aat sa iU appropciaJkca, tSa.TO aria been exxecded ior lestOatrre iW Dangerous Preparatious. Allcock'a porooa plaster fa competed of purely vegetable IngredUnta and fa Absolutely barmlees. It asaUU nature in umorn fflotbi to beat and invjg. orate, and Imparta etiengtb to tbe whole ytem. ebemlcaj and mineral eubstancea which produce an injunoua euec uu upon tbe akin, but upou tbe whole ytem, althougo at urei inear w very weaeucnu, " "i.i " r,rfal action and temporary etrect upon the Mirfaces. Wbtn purchasing a plaster do not only aaa lor Aiiooca-e, "uv mo ' from portion of tbo ib ou g. .1.- Mn. Mlt ft! mw (""" " ,, . -an 4.t- U Am fcuwu. Decoration day fa coming. The Wanawaker "O. A. It." sulfa are t,be nlTb Oor 110 00, IliOO, 113.60 and 114 00 suite cD4t be beat It require T.ri weeks to ail order. Order now. Judge T. S. SaunOerg Of QtctfjU, Vttot vfce-eorr'TrTAr ad tet eosssxa&er U 3. T. Eerse5i Pott, S sav C. A. E T0feUiCr write" nwafatbearsi7lrjeri,-waso3!S- tdiod esred vrfallea ad rtecsaairx. ltaTsaSaleTerte. Ikttixiwcf bt !ft prx t side, aad tfe trSM atooi uaed to rt r Bt jkjt JJ?s x SJcat on est b-eii " r tlt Hood's Snraaparitla l the Beat Bbtdkit ItaTseTM-taieo. lsta4sc ts eewt rJ. It traj rteesaxodti Itood'sSGures tot K. I do wt vact to T UxU U wtU raiM a JeBoKr boa tt -4; tetlt 1S fIT?rTerfcn?:rT.H.lUueas, 0ctx, StraJsJca. Mood's Pllla art tse best aft--ntt . . . j - - ? rt.s-aacigJMpa-l "" - m f In the furtherance of wnlle enlerDrisca; for ub!d!t In the co-wtruetlpn of transcontinental road and the malnfanance of ocean lines of eieamihips already paying bl flb, without any national help; for jirifiuDoa fordstn goods as come Into contact with ortlciea of their own man ufacturethere appears tojbe a onlvtr. sal Mrtuitsoence .... in favor of srranting "": ... -.c -,.. wnee. wusnever to- .--. . work and hungry, and drifting from plaoe to place, the battered and abat-lerre- flotsam and Jetsam od bumanl ty'a tidebeg of that aatne government tbat it shall provide them with work lo order that tbey may eat and live, a wtoumberof that same pr-eni to be trprfa t t Wdadly of the wisest, and cry out "paljrnalUm' 'Jfc site aid to tbe poor sorely In need. l. i tkair eve the arch sin of "paler. .u," to stren-theo tbe arm of man- s-ure.aod tdve a new Impetus la tbe sftlb of comutf re Tbe govern mtrai which Uey wu3 hVfP jihr to tbe rich. tby w-w tvA f & to fc anything more than an over- TUtm aarno Journafa,flJr,pcato JiwieWlfaw which are fot-the Unefit tkera anrf ouy sharks Tbey prak tbe "paternal" act of the ' nt in twrmitUng tbe National Stn fbeae Jou- Uo -Iol ttet tH ,rt"i" of tbf m. MrsBe-t to entalng to (he 15,7- - UWalMrttgam. -Uwtf (twy re In trouble; i-illlr tlMse foBeyH;bangers to !-e-TlatlH rtf) right and. jefl by " . . .x r .,... r f li n.tlna. m Ma- fn-nj r. - "-- Wmm Unmh In tvtry lobwUdthemup --.- r a. Mwv wwy once mwi J- "r -' - -- .J" urlnilll CI GEO. C. WILL mer- DBA1XBIS HWnwav. Knabe, Webber, son and other pianos. Htorey A Clark and Earheff organs. AU Orst da makes of sewing ma- C Roller makes of musical instro- anfti1 inn1iiX- Genuine needles, oil and new part for all makes of machines. iicwlng machines and organs re paired and cleaned. XWdoora north of postofflce, Balem, Oregon. 4-24 6 d gales Agents, Balem, Or, Tbe Some Boat. Tbe borne boat Elwood arrives up Sunday and Wednesday; leaves from Corvallls down -xueiKiay, ou ; for Portland; built for Bafam roue; .-trnnirm Halciii merchants: rates lwavs resonable. F. J.Hmlth.agent. Wharf foot of HUte street. The Kew Spring 8-ti Are all adorned with rf".Jf roMai on your cheeks can be retained by using Park's Tea. It clears the blood ..l..irtLMr mnFM III! bOWefa VlttJ day and girt health and strength to tt user. Bold by Capital Drugstore. fiOTtCE TO TAXPAYERS. ..n.. uvntrnr mVK3t to lhs tax N.wJlHjv-'ruri5 aKwaey'wiHbe iadl w y , liSria. aatxcmtc.rKrtaaatr, Orceoo. . To Milk Consumers. Owton School ftwf? f ,'SI'l To Whom It Mjr 0 ,t , 3:??.irapiwr,'!a5 "" ' ' ---. r. .,. In A4Srt eSort to de-trey tbe scttty sIaditittedsKyof every f-.--j--f,f Oresaabrrex-iis? to vote for tbe Bepablicaa eaadidat for tbe lestians re, to e tbat ihfa asOG3 itt-ci trpoa tbe teerecy of tbe baHot aTj a LJSrnZ-i f- sbaH ot be rx-xtd. ?eaay "". -JSrrd. sbooid tbe borttbxyof every frkad for the food ees-iisr, fi, for tbe board of btwtic-ilcre, ,0 tcar k utm bnard of non-traJlo, ftSJLf.0 tor Has 6ooSXiz alrJ coo- odsm (tbe e waditare of -early co- fe.lf of -nrfai-b. ot a x3gbt bare ta redj, 3,0 for tbe fb eg t , mW for tb pu&i coi3 usiiuu --isinte--as of tcbwsier, 3MW for tbe tc aad diitrictfaJrsasd iiapsovexse-t of grocnds. 5r7.021 oo ace oant of ete priatirtg. !S5.C for tbe statem-vex-ity at Engae, which is in addj . to tbe aboot p.O1 anrrsaDyreceirtd as rater . ,, . r-r- c the sale of cni- !-.-T-ic. 5 for tbe asricalto- ral college At Corr aHis,. wHcb coHsgs is receiving orer y,0 a year .from tbe f edPral goveramit in addition to crrer 10rry ancsal interest -from be agri caltoral coSege toaa.VWfi&-ttrOB support and rnamtex-n of tberOreson National Gnard, and . for tbe World's Fair. TBeWoxjasra-pr-prfation and WW l tbe PTPPa hon for tbe state militia were made over K trore-nor's veto. Of the nabtla ap propriation 153,000 and of tbe appropri S for printing fW.OWwere expended dnring the year 1SB, oat ot wbfab the state printer exp-oded,lor tberpo set- Itinffnot to exceea ia,vw, .,,. ! . . , i.v,T h state. Tbe recomme-dations made to tbe last legislature for the passage, of maxl mnm rate law for freight and pas-en-eera on railroadv, patting tbe passenger rate at two and one-half cents per xafle, j Lti.iHri- krm except to exa- -.w on the roadi and for tbe abolition of various nselw commissions, were on- beeded except by tn aooa-.-.fc ux w. board of charities ana corwoo-- account of tbe excwaiT frnmct.f some of the state officials. I drafted .a dnm salarj- bdl providing that the compensation of no state officer should exceed Jt.000 per ans.3. and requiring: tbsmtoinake a qnarterly sworn state--, .,. t Anditor of their re- ceints and expenditure and, to pay into the trea-n ry au m ww w- "" 1 7Ti terly salary. Tnis oui i.id u -i; wm introduced by Senator Weatberfard of linn county and referred to theja diciary comraitu. After restmg there two weeks it was amended by making tbe salary 3,000, in which shape it Ped the senate and went to the bouse, v. it Vnt th sloeii pf. tbe just. In I the change In the asseasment Jaw made by thelA.tb'gUWun mj i-mxu-- tlon that unless too ... placed on a note fine-halt of tba amount should be forfeited to the school fund when judgment wasrenaerea ior i coUection was not regarded, and as a consequence tbe money and credits taxed in 1bt fell to l8,309t from - M WU in 16Jri r . . ... ti iu.' 1. . vjnuiH. ub- r-rt-bll OI TVs r,l-ir in IIIO . a at 4n l. r mat is - r j v . ,-- - v- "t"7r.Tii. iiuui ur. . .. . -.V.I-V, -.-,-. MiMttwnr B"?r. TiTfm. form Tecanunj; -- --.- vn- lo ii mi rooucv ? rv".r rr . . , i.a-. ) iin- i n. -Ln.-,lfl riMl-1 f-l LRlllflW Ihll 1111 intUTIHOIW - - s- .- Il..r Mlbll itllt ullk iawr K Ilnal CTkVikii. Boru FK0EBKL SCHOOLS-itk ex. -nflonjn saft-htMf ItsaaaM sty-- amuummWlAt0QwflfJ UIAAJWW-uvmUAamaaaU iriair xcalj,,. i..tuu MOTaqw-iT'M"j'ir -- -f .-'.... ...! -' '- fiMkir. w " '. . . . . tki lb iiuau BrST-rmToi- ui. wlituwt 4JorioB. ."".'? . t . iH 4-l-MjUi. II l-Utirr W MW ""? ."TTi ..Til it-i -a-y..'f" AHSsrLTAnn ?" 7sblks7t MtcStUr B4lb s-tesasa :rvo-rFif5? IS-i-;i-, ) inn i. k, MirrMmi-u; credit can be ti m tli eaors uistQci. u nox only Infaat. Coancctiogaud Primary classes every week day from 9 a.m. to m. except aawiruajr, MISS 0.. BJ.LL0U, - - I'riBcipal. forUachei' dally practice work from 0 m! to la-L ft Klndergsrien. On Monday. Wedoexlay aud Friday rsTTp. ". CtaUs meet Jor f?T-r Kroibel svstm. Mns. P. 8. Knigbjt. Prioda. MOTHER'S CLASS. XsU Friday from 2to4 P.m.wltb tInldir CM. sw.mV- ! ... t) an inuunu ece. BUT JU., - ' . mat when we consider tbe amount of ncti- tbe in-tiaSrve and reftra-da syasemof voting ia all j-rtaa be eeriea to tb ars tbe scbtts e of tbe bribers and -rote buyers. Tbe passage of tbe Mfl crrtr tbe governor" vtto at tbe next ses sion iB ttcca mdtfi-itely tbe com plete rcpremacy of tbePortiana nag m tbe pHrwa of tbestate. Th DmU tapTHneat, If the navigation of tbe Cohx mbia fT it tratr!es bad not bwa mterropted by tbe ohsxacJes of natnre attbeC3Se-d4s and at TbeDGtthe efctttstics. of tbe two North Pacific statc& Oregon-a-d Washington wocld KiTfe teen anite differently wntten. Tbe nearly 2,0 mile of steamboat navigatioa afforded by these majestic streams wonM have stimnlated a river coxomerce tbat would have Teryraate riaBy advanced and em-iebed tbe great ktIjtt expire, .tbe ever-developing re Eoarces of -which weald have sought a market at Portland and Astoria, thus increasing the growth and wealth of th thee? rides. But for those ob stacles to tbe navigation of tbe Colum bia Eastern Oregon aad Washington would have been very far beyond wnat tbey are now in material advancement and prosperity, and both tbe cities of the lower Columbia river xalley wouiu would bave fcen incomparably greater in wealth and population than thoe of the Uonnd country, which would bvre been fitenlly ride-tracked. The river would have been alive with commerce, and in all iirobability all of the trans continental lines of railway would have sotjcht tbe easr river grades in order to reach tbe ocean. sut sucn is not xne case. The obstructions at The Dalles and Cascades have dwarfed its naviga tion to the minimnm, the farmers of the island empire have been compelled to send their produce to market by the more expensive mode of radway car riage, tbe heavy freisht rates of which hare impoverished tne producer, wniie competing lines of railway bave sought different termini, thus building up cities on the Sound with a traffic which otherwise would have enriched the cities of tbe lower Colombia. It is tbe duty of the general govern ment ami pot the state to remove those obstructions and open up our great in terstate river to free commerce. The canal at the Cascades will soon be com pleted, but no appropriation has been secured for overcoming tbe obstructions at Tbe Dalles. Six vears ago the United States engineers reported in favor of the improvement of the Columbia at The Dalles by building a portage road tem porarily for immediate relief to be sup plemented by aranaL Our senators in congress, wiser than engineers, were de termined to have a boat railway. The cost of a cana was estimated at about four millions, while the etimated cost of a completed boat railway was (2,. 00,354. Tbe annual cost of operating the canal would be merely nominal, while the cox of operating the boat rail way at its full .capacity was estimated at $273,000. Jiotwithstanding these fig Osdm at t" poeat, wane a c " -kcis or a boat railway is being con jc Counts Ls never vet en used upon the work of ccircctins railroads, aad I do not b-Eeve it possi ble to mre aa appropnanon lorme ourpoe of bflding a portage road."' Of caene it is not possible if oar delega-ifc- in congress opposes i At my re jcest two vears ago Chairman Biancb ard of th river and harbor committee moved that &X,Vfi be placed m tne river and harbor bill for such a purpose. Jar whole descgatioa opposed it and it was defeated. There is nothing wrong or wk-ked in tbe government baiicing aad operating a railroad, lmrmgtne last two years HI railroads with S3.S33 raflease "and a capttabzatioa of fl, wS2,4ltMj have passed into the hands ot rtoavcrs and are now run by the fed eral ewGrt& If federal judges, who are EMy-rally a lot of impracticables, can run the": msmber of roads, there is no doubt whatever tbat Uncle Sam could safely ran a small portage road five or sir mile long. initiative aad Hetcrratlan u Toe demand of tbe Popnlit state plat form for a ctitutiail convention to ivrcse: oar state constitution and include therein tbe mitianve and referendum is one of tbe most important and necessary measures ever presented to a free people. Tbe initiative gives a certain percent? of the voter; the power to in itiate any law, which must then be sub mitted to a vote of tbe people. The ref erendum makea it imperative that all legislative enactments be referred to the people for ratification. In practice it has ben found that the referendum is tbe principal feature of this law-making system. The wisdom and justice of this plan is self -evident and must win the approval of every man who is in favor of fre governments. Our governments now are supposed to represent the people's will, but the present machinery is quite imperfect for that purpose. We now have in both state and federal gov. erhments a referendum existing entirely without constitutional warrant, and in nearly all cases subversive of, instead of obedient to, the wishes of the people. The courts have arrogated to them selves the ri-rht to pass upon all laws, and if sneh laws are not, in their indi vidual judgment, what tbey ought to be, they claim and exercise the legis lative power of annulling them. Such a procedure, sanctioned by usage and ac quiesced in by all, has virtually changed our form of representative government into a judicial oligarchy. The judges of the court, instead of the representatives of the people, now declare what our laws are and shall be. It is their prov ince to interpret and not make or un make law. In order, therefore, to re store again to the ieople that which be longs to them in every free government, the referendum is an absolute necessity. The people and not the judges should say what the law shall be, and both the judges and the people, when laws are duly enacted, should be compelled to obey thein. The Australian ballot, which secures to the voter a fair expression of his will, and the Swiss referendum.which secures a sure enforcement of such will, are the two strong pillars upon which alone free governments can endure. Let the referendum system of law-making be incorporated in our constitutions, and mtous rmdUedness heretofore allowed, ores and the opinions of the engineers. The foUowing figurw.ahow the amount (our senators have persisted in adhering twI )nra ins manor ana j "w jv " -ow -" r- w of tH Portland Teligram of April Sf, lv.i, said; Begi?ary and poverty oa eve-y hand. I bare never seen so many beg psrt r. tr st-et as are to be encoun tered in 2Vw York at this tune. Un happily tbe vast majority of these are cas of suchreil need thai it seems im possible to prevent, being in tne main composed of ambitiow yosng and m,J-dle-age'l men who bare come to the great metropolis mtDe oeuei ioa; a cua willing to work need not remain idle. This is not tbe fact, however. This like every other to-day is glut ted with unskilled labor.' These two extracts are sufficient to refute the claim that the present bard times are the result of any interference with the TtTrrf4ive"2IcKmlerbiw. The mobiliza tion of tne great army oi i- uc ployed began under tbe reign of that law and from other causes than tariff legislation. Although the Wilson tariff bill is a protective tariff measure, yet it is claimed that it is unjust because: it only protects the manufacturer, while the ilcKinley law protectee doih me u factnrer and producer- I have always agreed with my Republican friends in this contention. They are right If one class is protected all classes should S trrotecied. Everv tariff law that pro tects the manufacturer should also pro tect the producer, and the same rule of right and justice Ehonld be applied for the benefit of the consamer. Haw, then, can. the consumer be pro tected:' Will he be protected by com pelling him to pay increased prices for what he consumes by virtue of protec tion afforded to tbe manufacturer and the producer? That is tbe kind of pro tection that vultures accord to doves and that wolves extend to laml. That will not do. Tbe only possible way to protect the consumer is to allow him to buy where he can buy cheapest, and to do that the whole protective system must be destroyed. Our Republican friends wfll therefore see that the argu ment they use against the Wilson bill, that it does not protect the producer, if carried to its logical conclusion will overturn the whole protective system. It will never do to invoke justice either in the adjustment or defense of a pro tective tariff, for if it be done, tne wnoia system will fall beneath the very first stroke of its invincible sword. It is in deed strange that in this the latter part of tbe 19th century there should be fornd intelligent men who openly advo cate the adjustment of tariff law3 so as to benefit one class at tbe expense of another class. The American Revolu tion was a revolt against the protective tariff measures of Great Britain, which denied to the people of the colonies the right to buy their manufactured articles, in foreign countries. And after the lapse of a century shall we fasten upon. ourselves a system against which our patriotic fathers rebelled? It is urged, however, that the very first congress enacted a protective tariff, and this is a sanction that the system ought to be revered. The tariff tax im posed by the first congress averaged 11 per cent, which, if satisfactory to our protective tariff advocates, now might be generally satisfactory to alL Bat why were these tariff restrictions placed on trade bv the first congress? Benja min Franklin, in a letter to AL Le Veil lard, dated Feb. 17, 176S, gives the rea son. He said: "We shall, as you sup pose, have imposts on trade and custom house, not because other nations have them, but because at present we cannot do without them. We want to discharge our public debt occasioned by the late war. Direct taxes are not so easily levied on the scantily settled inhabitants of our wide-extended country; and what is paid in the price of merchandise is lea felt bv the consumer and less the canse of complaint. When we are out of debt vre may leave our trade free, for oor ordiuary charges of government will nob be great" It is further urged in defence of a pro tective tariff that it affords tugner wages for labor. There never was a more transparent fraud practiced, as facts incontestably prove. As a general rule those industries that receive tie highest protection are those which re duoa the price of labor most, and n American labor will xot stand the re duction its place is quickly suppuea with cheap foreign labor. At the time of the strike at the Homestead wore. (n.lnittv M .li W Tvmteeted. in ii - vW....v,us, uU , industry highly protectea, m - then we will have a sure guarantee that ; onl of the 400 men employed thert ' 1W"i,t,h? l What they old enough to vote, only 800 were voters, always shouMbe, the just expression of ZTnlf ofwhom were naturalixed, thus l.r ..!. ..!! w-. . --.. -r luc njvuAu iu. ioiHnt nnlv 4ftft native-born cituens. In The Oregonianof Feb. 10, lfiM KtatMnont that in tne Wie the tlr KtJaUl Mrs. For Ureas or f:riTArr.Ti8wri. rkBibtiuuuo?. .w- ,Jf 2S&7h rnXbTWaVaTwaV To lutMmMU,JW K 1 4" years over credits taxed; tm ,3 SS .... iu.i SS. . . ,. u.rwi tUS .... ,. 3S.ttt.Tai ThaexTMafaioa of the legis lature In J8S5 was f3l,?l; In 18W it wa tti,90l. The-approptlon for tha judicial fund la 16 was 115,000; la lfc8 it was, i-dndteg 3,CQ0 for "steno irraphle aid for aupreme judges m prtpraUoa of ter opinions," 1107 JM. In tha station of 166 tbe salaries of, the judgt of the fPT?p "nr were in- crvaeu H,jw P aimim. sou wu m au- duties were imposed. ia get the consent of the practical men of the house, river and harbor committee to accede to his proposition to navigate steamboats on dry land, another board of engineers at a cost of 30,0CO was or dered to again report on a proper plan. la the report of the secretary of war un. der date of Sept 19, 1892, speaking of that board, the chief of engineers said: "The board, estimates that the ob structions to navigation in the Columbia river from the navigable waters below Three-mile rapids to navigable waters above CVlflo falls can be overcome m the most feasible, speedy, convenient manner and in that adapted to the pres sst Btcestitks of commerce and to its Tariff. On the parmount question of finance ail Populists are substantially aereed: .,.-.. . .-..iw hiffhlr pro" on the Wr question of tariff adjust- tected industry, 5,447 idle miners were ment they may differ, and therefore JS on charitv aU of whom except what I shall say on the tariff wiU be, as S fordS' Jd m the San Fr St Paul expresses t. "by permission !? !rSrr is iffiM.itsNe - ... - mtft- A a ""- and not of commandment " The prevailing hard times are attrib utable, so say our Republican friends, to tariff agitation and to the interfer ence with the McKinley law. They have very treacbeons memories. The hard times were upon us while the Mc lanley law was in full force, and while there was no prospect of its repeal. prove this assertion one fer to fiCts and statistics. Chairm York correspondent aays: z .VVa. .11. mnrPTS lug Ul IIUWU . - - jf Mott said: 'Since tne aicj.w -. i . s i. .nv.waving tru iKuacu K- u w --, j- wth have been reduced from Bit w cent We formerly got !' we are now lucky if we get fT1", .v. Tnniv law did this as itdtttroyeai its repeal. Tq Bk.weaving trade of Europe. Fox lias only to re- eojkxDn awirmed here and nianufs ThaKailnra . . A nnt ftteB Ageof January, 1893. said: "During the ibWof those who stro year 16V3 there were sold under for. ?rKmena SJ?-i.i nsis k xnen came lue tuuiv- ensa threwhemea OR half time. Tb closure 23 railways, having an aggre gate mueage of aj and an aj t t t)n a ln.l .! f 4n.l . aSX5r) Jl made to tonnr - - r fta ftrdstiftlcient to ow that peal made to the Uboring men oi it i - i i i - ' r ' j ---. . a t - . .-. omum' io Enninn !'- r - -1- h ?" ty 2wl5iW8' mrr "