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About Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1893-1895 | View This Issue
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yr BG&aiUKEt&teApC g tfte s&trsesaa
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lxS3S3t8l trier frjfe-
TZL1 1 iln.m-nt
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i - V1HHK2& !
1 afiKei I yrTVJ to
tfce cisBaar -
ieosnSof fordossr-ithat c iaalwaj
iBlTcicrfa ib' It year, for it
-mroldeeesi that fax lSO a xeweraof
toairnptcy isore 2isrfrcHS tlaa that
recorded for Mrreral "yeaxi prerkse. bad
tea isassnted. In the 12 racsrths to
ess than M ooiapanfes, barias 1 C7)
t1m cf rood, aad rroresatiB? the pro-
Saator DjlpilB igjom cajtaKxation of narlj- ?S?,-
"' ' - - - iw w i i
assa?? 5TIaiB5riIB-' fc- tie Jtate.
i. T r mac s-k. i, . m u - . a t t
' rss'wif--r- f--g a. . -- f- ... a-. sFra UwSi
- a Bil M A a W J -
J?i "&,& rnasaaf. It 4
'.. '. - .. -
0hi rjraeiasws" -' -" ' '
XHtMtx fa KM. TS 3rrJod 5
were faHj. Me i5ea
tlom.tr &&& to eatUH tfaae fa
1 a4 jprska&J impvre&h ad .est off
,- JtjTflrtrJfflarf Joereweas Ses-
eoaoUf. We UltcfexdadinzCbJczt-
ehp labor. al it fa a Keatic? w.
dmltUflg tb pr,&dacti of och Ubor.
A to oar owotry coder lo f o'.It or fe
tnde. Tbe poorest d 3atpt: Uijttx
tsfteierablt! ktwrer, midlng !c
ar owctry and onder our ie:UoUoi
x-Hr!xk? thai dey-Tisg fecewt
fesdrwS al ee tMt to t&e
flrajerpstttevcfffcc tfet tMi sre-
Tbere as sHesa bjwb esOboss to S
(tatA9Sr' tssMm Uk vbxtfz to da 6U
lJSwsefc,to?,tfeat r$Sd te scd
sfc a Ctaia emftefvt 1j anay
It sedsr to Sks ta3 frees r&rtfc
'otaXk&t 2iUx & traafa s tkB
ef tW E& 4wg11 t dr&dsl et
It&zrU tm&A V! rsac r;uBie
jj IftpsrA SJ m fSf
- y a 4-c ttt aia -
J th- -- rr T
iWr JUtrsHu !! !
FIEST CaSGK2S2K AI. IMK'
Sfwr. wisei oat .& nes-4ia tir
nsarii SKafefS. 3S grerrtJa
1HIBU JUDICIAI. DI5TBIOE.
. Fr Oaeotx Jaigi
K. K. Hi7X7; IXas OSES?-.
Fee D5rk AiSsrser,
V5-i CU AAVi " ' ' -
t --. M rra-KOt.aM. to T-5"''
Sifc easfyjted etcSrr S
tA ! dfr- i .v- !,., nf wTrs. Tbe bard
i I'M rart . """J , ., - 7 . .. ..j. sl
1w utjEoa ",Ti?riE?-w'," r
w-- , r-i-iBTrslotaisgiiB' affected all ciawes, mw ywi -cias
& Ak. -" - - . a nn M-
FWV I 1.1. f
"w"" "'" " - -
feBTxasC rrtyr? IsetliKBsai
- sraBrs us- tae ci-s
Ssare boss aar"faSa J
.auJitaiC pe lite I'SSSa fi.
SdtdfojiJ ef lb raiD-
ut&Vt tbaz 'As vtdeh. jorm esssgraae
Ucde&uzi; tbearay it tcnSeo cia
cj Iv5s pJtcty tf esMaai to eat op
Strze tons iu tle wr cftax, d
jes H to t of aaj pcMSfeal eerrfc f o b i
iie tf oeed; tb carf is tqoafly
U&dtxA. J( tbetezod other Tv'Oi
r out eoSkZtat thracgU irbiehto
1 ttf, tbe pesvpfe oym the timtd itlgt
way of bosaA. woA tbsv tM Ttzo&zaX
ton, yUcxngaA easal frcjeeS. Tb
1pTtmzBU&t tb VdtUd BUtea otm
,t w ftceif tA to iu folore to coc&rks
'btesEeeIrHotbtireio tbe iw
at cotasx, to own scd to opsrat U.
ganij, tbi ewrBneot bvai& be a
kjraaP Ib 'asrio2 iu SrTlst
atixesa&f irerfcjeSticts cizaxtcio2
xusofectcren a pfvfit opoa Ifctir to j
.-ewm-ct. WefeteTfetfcStobprj r,
t,jrj,fer$tbeflUal! tbe ptofie. nt&i
tad poor. Bat if bo tbe poor ask fe
t attl of tbat "pt1ezD3Jis3S, to gen.
troodj )xmtttA apoo tbe ricb, kl It
aotbeAicJedibtta. If tbtoof-tbl
weroneotiebapi7to cuBect tax,
runner, ktlttaieiU proltetloz arm
from tbe ricb. and let It be a (tttot-nU
tin to the derril. wltboat any bazidl-
XBZAIOEEB-H. O. Ertnra ofTfer -
isxtyyssjszr-v. r, wisf eiissE-
acaww KOFEBtsxasf ozsrr-i. &. o-
JtnCB oyPKiCE-rorSileiD (SiirSrt
cnraeL&-roc ! Brt-A. x.
Ta eawrsssa stcwase of ayffio-
m: W n xaxcfwt Knioi3t fflSCSJ a
ygfK..- fcn fcrrfa tasrargz. i'r-
tfatlS eiSSr xezrt KKrcBcera Jarre
iu bsea siscsSesaid, feasg tfcesrrS
s2 scsetwf t2-iis irr ytorirf to Jf-
CCXS t',T'-t BOi3 HFii .iie- .
. v i-r xfeB ir; t
' ''" "'": . , t :.!'
esse feiecit tt segaai .
Best Hso6s.i KsqsteMsaiK
tsocne ftat If tie BKi&aa persy,
&& -f afaaKt a TH3S feria
asMoisesS, tteres a raajseir tfes
iVr! -w tiTaTBiH bs eTr-
-- . " , 31 t
f&sa. SsA foea axatnameas -
-. i-. T 5w tesss ik ""
tirecitie Fgsae. it ra Ufas cct of
sla pie near tbe loraca of a Jar?
ezs&kz X oenAoriecs ISls ad spaced
a tbe to?.ccntraryto-tira!efof tbe
fes&e,zad cpsa tbe Tote besg tales,
iacsde-toMCETeitspasiiee tbe pres
ds-i of tbe Ksaie caii be coasted
" a csmber I es9
to eoaerce baa th lic. .e laborers as -wD as lbs rail-
i't i-- l stinate adbereacfe , rrimnanits.
DTiT!.to Ms TiaooarTl a 5c Tork correpoodeat
.w- It xeaEraoe e " "T
jri ri k. -
to tbe ica-
"- - -JI 1 - i-' a vff'T
ai tbe.I5alair. a .JT J" tTT ' JnT J of acb sxabs
?TIf1SrS.ta rd, bypi tbe Bib-
resy xaoe pracc "cii - --
cor -"-ny a
sa - : . .jiu
corar of the totmaow : -
Sr Tte efl-io views np
-rtiekobiSr-. fxe trSc2oU,
W w- " ..- ..
aportaas to tbe pPe of Earn
Oroa ties tbe CotaabU nrer sbOTM
b opd to fr owamerce than taai
Ss&k Etotei booid imantaia a coanrt
eaev of cotoiws coaformaWe to bis
-z' v..-4? Tb-reisaoqnes-
ta of aaea rea:er iaportaace to tbs
CXEEsaia taaa isai oi -.Hrprwrea-Bt
of the Colnataa at The
Dalles. , .
Senator Dolph ia a letter dated Oct.
22, lii&, reftfmas to tbe first report of
tbe enquirers oa The Dalles impronre
isrtKud: -Tbe esada&rts haTe recoin-
Tr,.! a wKtasre TailTray as a lempv-
nes ass . rasui kwjct-, , i - - - . , r
-a .. --l- t.w i .-. a - riu- . ,i. .
Tj-cri- ad tbe eaesa oc ;bbs5hoj- - TTt raryerpdnt to overcome ice u-
Says that For Rheumatism
Hood's SaraapariRa latrto Beat.
rrr la a Tir fci uk i-
rrmuJi. fat oa fcaSajseesrwitSMcs ysca-
T - . - l.n-.n
Saaoc- iaac, bj f--r .TT" V,, li5T64e teyert-
SSbSi SrSrta SSte tbeTOter badeadbis
.SVHcb.ifSEx.ifT bold tbe tici
iig."yg3'i mrtajit.'CiJ'wiiw r
wffrOc Handxed JMhir B
to harJog bfm mlde nndtr anoioer j C'HEy & C" P't- Toltdo, O,
goTtmnJeat and od hU prodacU be
- t- to it) oar laborer to idleoese.
We did Hot w out to dbcu the te-
tolgraitoa problem Ja UiU article, bat
It fa more lrxjport&t iban a great deal
of political d!oioo tbat fa bad Id
tbesa day. We, aball dluw tba
some ober tlrue. But we want U
nrfntanartlcte wblcb l j.dreoentirt
Ulow from tbe BacramcDtoB. Not
tbat w eodori-e U ueotlmeafa, but be-
'cmuH tetwaldeof the iodtutri.1
v qoetloo tbat fa not often o cfearly, to
atroDjtly and eoorazeooMy .
ItconUIruia, great deal of trotb.arjd
-we commend Ifa careful penual to ot r
"TWO KIJf3 OK VATZMMMH."
Wbeneyer tbe ricb call oiwntbw
government for aid
tiii ttruinrfirftferl have known r.
1. Cbeny for tbe fast 15 yean, and b
tere blm perfectly honorable in all
rtttfnet trauctlooa and finanoally
We to carry oat aoy obHeation made
y tbeir firm,
TniMtn. o Wsldlniz. Klnnan & Mar-
.!. BimiMiix lira lt. Toledo. Ohio.
r, acting upon the blood and njoeoo
jrfow of tbe ytem. Price 76c. per
aii- HnlitbY all druzzleU. Ttatl-
Hawaii woakl beaRepuWo Be-
pablle In rixty day Jf Harrison were
oreaidenL and the American -flag
oa!d float forerer there In the mid
M&affAM ' & imms
lVm!i j- rrrrsmmaiitXi o!
, w .
ts acr low tbaa tfcst any atar i
pssoprf atato oeeers, escept tbe attor-
Tbe last legislature was most exfcsva
aat sa iU appropciaJkca, tSa.TO
aria been exxecded ior lestOatrre
Allcock'a porooa plaster fa competed
of purely vegetable IngredUnta and fa
Absolutely barmlees. It asaUU nature
in umorn fflotbi to beat and invjg.
orate, and Imparta etiengtb to tbe
ebemlcaj and mineral eubstancea which
produce an injunoua euec uu
upon tbe akin, but upou tbe whole
ytem, althougo at urei inear w
very weaeucnu, " "i.i "
r,rfal action and temporary etrect
upon the Mirfaces.
Wbtn purchasing a plaster do not
only aaa lor Aiiooca-e, "uv mo '
from portion of tbo ib ou g.
.1.- Mn. Mlt ft!
mw (""" " ,, . -an 4.t-
U Am fcuwu.
Decoration day fa coming. The
Wanawaker "O. A. It." sulfa are t,be
nlTb Oor 110 00, IliOO, 113.60 and
114 00 suite cD4t be beat It require
T.ri weeks to ail order. Order now.
Judge T. S. SaunOerg
Of QtctfjU, Vttot vfce-eorr'TrTAr
ad tet eosssxa&er U 3. T. Eerse5i
Pott, S sav C. A. E T0feUiCr write"
tdiod esred vrfallea ad rtecsaairx.
bt !ft prx t side, aad tfe trSM atooi
uaed to rt r Bt jkjt JJ?s x
SJcat on est b-eii " r tlt
Hood's Snraaparitla l the Beat
Bbtdkit ItaTseTM-taieo. lsta4sc
ts eewt rJ. It traj rteesaxodti
tot K. I do wt vact to T UxU U wtU
raiM a JeBoKr boa tt -4; tetlt 1S
Mood's Pllla art tse best aft--ntt
. . . j - - ?
rt.s-aacigJMpa-l "" -
In the furtherance
of wnlle enlerDrisca; for ub!d!t In
the co-wtruetlpn of transcontinental
road and the malnfanance of ocean
lines of eieamihips already paying bl
flb, without any national help; for
jirifiuDoa fordstn goods as come Into
contact with ortlciea of their own man
ufacturethere appears tojbe a onlvtr.
.... in favor of srranting
"": ... -.c -,..
wnee. wusnever to- .--. .
work and hungry, and drifting from
plaoe to place, the battered and abat-lerre-
flotsam and Jetsam od bumanl
ty'a tidebeg of that aatne government
tbat it shall provide them with work
lo order that tbey may eat and live, a
wtoumberof that same pr-eni
to be trprfa t t Wdadly of the
wisest, and cry out "paljrnalUm'
'Jfc site aid to tbe poor sorely In need.
l. i tkair eve the arch sin of "paler.
.u," to stren-theo tbe arm of man-
s-ure.aod tdve a new Impetus la
tbe sftlb of comutf re Tbe govern
mtrai which Uey wu3 hVfP
jihr to tbe rich. tby w-w tvA f
& to fc anything more than an over-
TUtm aarno Journafa,flJr,pcato
JiwieWlfaw which are fot-the Unefit
tkera anrf ouy sharks
Tbey prak tbe "paternal" act of the
' nt in twrmitUng tbe National
Stn fbeae Jou- Uo -Iol
ttet tH ,rt"i" of tbf
m. MrsBe-t to entalng to (he
15,7- - UWalMrttgam.
-Uwtf (twy re In trouble;
i-illlr tlMse foBeyH;bangers to
!-e-TlatlH rtf) right and. jefl by
" . . .x r .,... r f li n.tlna.
m Ma- fn-nj r. - "--
Wmm Unmh In tvtry
--.- r a. Mwv wwy once mwi
J- "r -' - -- .J" urlnilll CI
GEO. C. WILL
HWnwav. Knabe, Webber,
son and other pianos.
Htorey A Clark and Earheff organs.
AU Orst da makes of sewing ma-
C Roller makes of musical instro-
Genuine needles, oil and new part
for all makes of machines.
iicwlng machines and organs re
paired and cleaned.
XWdoora north of postofflce, Balem,
4-24 6 d
gales Agents, Balem, Or,
Tbe Some Boat.
Tbe borne boat Elwood arrives up
Sunday and Wednesday; leaves from
Corvallls down -xueiKiay, ou ;
for Portland; built for Bafam roue;
.-trnnirm Halciii merchants: rates
lwavs resonable. F. J.Hmlth.agent.
Wharf foot of HUte street.
The Kew Spring 8-ti
Are all adorned with rf".Jf
roMai on your cheeks can be retained by
using Park's Tea. It clears the blood
..l..irtLMr mnFM III! bOWefa VlttJ
day and girt health and strength to
Bold by Capital Drugstore.
fiOTtCE TO TAXPAYERS.
..n.. uvntrnr mVK3t to lhs tax
aKwaey'wiHbe iadl w y ,
To Milk Consumers.
Owton School ftwf? f ,'SI'l
To Whom It Mjr 0 ,t ,
"" ' ' ---. r. .,. In
A4Srt eSort to de-trey tbe scttty
f-.--j--f,f Oresaabrrex-iis? to vote
for tbe Bepablicaa eaadidat for tbe
lestians re, to e tbat ihfa asOG3
itt-ci trpoa tbe teerecy of tbe baHot
aTj a LJSrnZ-i f- sbaH ot be rx-xtd. ?eaay
"". -JSrrd. sbooid tbe borttbxyof every frkad
for the food ees-iisr, fi,
for tbe board of btwtic-ilcre, ,0 tcar
k utm bnard of non-traJlo,
ftSJLf.0 tor Has 6ooSXiz alrJ coo-
odsm (tbe e waditare of -early co-
fe.lf of -nrfai-b. ot a x3gbt bare ta
redj, 3,0 for tbe fb eg t ,
mW for tb pu&i coi3 usiiuu --isinte--as
of tcbwsier, 3MW for tbe
tc aad diitrictfaJrsasd iiapsovexse-t
of grocnds. 5r7.021 oo ace oant of ete
priatirtg. !S5.C for tbe statem-vex-ity
at Engae, which is in addj . to tbe
aboot p.O1 anrrsaDyreceirtd as rater
. ,, . r-r- c the sale of cni-
!-.-T-ic. 5 for tbe asricalto-
ral college At Corr aHis,. wHcb coHsgs is
receiving orer y,0 a year .from tbe
f edPral goveramit in addition to crrer
10rry ancsal interest -from be agri
caltoral coSege toaa.VWfi&-ttrOB
support and rnamtex-n of tberOreson
National Gnard, and . for tbe
World's Fair. TBeWoxjasra-pr-prfation
and WW l tbe PTPPa
hon for tbe state militia were made over
K trore-nor's veto. Of the nabtla ap
propriation 153,000 and of tbe appropri
S for printing fW.OWwere expended
dnring the year 1SB, oat ot wbfab the
state printer exp-oded,lor tberpo set-
Itinffnot to exceea ia,vw, .,,.
! . . , i.v,T h state.
Tbe recomme-dations made to tbe last
legislature for the passage, of maxl
mnm rate law for freight and pas-en-eera
on railroadv, patting tbe passenger
rate at two and one-half cents per xafle,
j Lti.iHri- krm except to exa-
-.w on the roadi and for tbe abolition
of various nselw commissions, were on-
beeded except by tn aooa-.-.fc ux w.
board of charities ana corwoo--
account of tbe excwaiT frnmct.f
some of the state officials. I drafted .a
dnm salarj- bdl providing that the
compensation of no state officer should
exceed Jt.000 per ans.3. and requiring:
tbsmtoinake a qnarterly sworn state--,
.,. t Anditor of their re-
ceints and expenditure and, to pay into
the trea-n ry au m ww w- "" 1 7Ti
terly salary. Tnis oui i.id u -i;
wm introduced by Senator Weatberfard
of linn county and referred to theja
diciary comraitu. After restmg there
two weeks it was amended by making
tbe salary 3,000, in which shape it
Ped the senate and went to the bouse,
v. it Vnt th sloeii pf. tbe just. In
I the change In the asseasment Jaw made
by thelA.tb'gUWun mj i-mxu--
tlon that unless too ...
placed on a note fine-halt of tba amount
should be forfeited to the school fund
when judgment wasrenaerea ior i
coUection was not regarded, and as a
consequence tbe money and credits
taxed in 1bt fell to l8,309t from
- M WU in 16Jri
r . . ... ti iu.' 1.
. vjnuiH. ub-
r-rt-bll OI TVs r,l-ir in IIIO
. a at 4n l. r mat is - r j v . ,-- -
v- "t"7r.Tii. iiuui ur. . .. . -.V.I-V, -.-,-.
MiMttwnr B"?r. TiTfm. form Tecanunj; -- --.- vn-
lo ii mi rooucv ? rv".r rr . . , i.a-. ) iin- i n.
-Ln.-,lfl riMl-1 f-l LRlllflW Ihll 1111 intUTIHOIW - -
Il..r Mlbll itllt
ullk iawr K
FK0EBKL SCHOOLS-itk ex.
-- -f .-'.... ...!
-' '- fiMkir. w "
'. . . . .
tki lb iiuau
BrST-rmToi- ui. wlituwt 4JorioB.
."".'? . t . iH 4-l-MjUi. II
l-Utirr W MW ""? ."TTi ..Til it-i
?" 7sblks7t MtcStUr B4lb
i. k, MirrMmi-u; credit can be
ti m tli eaors uistQci. u nox
Infaat. Coancctiogaud Primary classes
every week day from 9 a.m. to
m. except aawiruajr,
MISS 0.. BJ.LL0U, - - I'riBcipal.
forUachei' dally practice work from
0 m! to la-L ft Klndergsrien.
On Monday. Wedoexlay aud Friday
rsTTp. ". CtaUs meet Jor
f?T-r Kroibel svstm. Mns. P. 8.
XsU Friday from 2to4 P.m.wltb
tInldir CM. sw.mV- !
... t) an inuunu ece.
BUT JU., - ' . mat
when we consider tbe amount of ncti-
tbe in-tiaSrve and reftra-da syasemof
voting ia all j-rtaa be eeriea to
tb ars tbe scbtts e of tbe bribers and
-rote buyers. Tbe passage of tbe Mfl
crrtr tbe governor" vtto at tbe next ses
sion iB ttcca mdtfi-itely tbe com
plete rcpremacy of tbePortiana nag m
tbe pHrwa of tbestate.
Th DmU tapTHneat,
If the navigation of tbe Cohx mbia
fT it tratr!es bad not bwa
mterropted by tbe ohsxacJes of natnre
attbeC3Se-d4s and at TbeDGtthe
efctttstics. of tbe two North Pacific
statc& Oregon-a-d Washington wocld
KiTfe teen anite differently wntten.
Tbe nearly 2,0 mile of steamboat
navigatioa afforded by these majestic
streams wonM have stimnlated a river
coxomerce tbat would have Teryraate
riaBy advanced and em-iebed tbe great
ktIjtt expire, .tbe ever-developing re
Eoarces of -which weald have sought a
market at Portland and Astoria, thus
increasing the growth and wealth of
th thee? rides. But for those ob
stacles to tbe navigation of tbe Colum
bia Eastern Oregon aad Washington
would have been very far beyond wnat
tbey are now in material advancement
and prosperity, and both tbe cities of
the lower Columbia river xalley wouiu
would bave fcen incomparably greater
in wealth and population than thoe of
the Uonnd country, which would bvre
been fitenlly ride-tracked. The river
would have been alive with commerce,
and in all iirobability all of the trans
continental lines of railway would have
sotjcht tbe easr river grades in order to
reach tbe ocean. sut sucn is not xne
case. The obstructions at The Dalles
and Cascades have dwarfed its naviga
tion to the minimnm, the farmers of the
island empire have been compelled to
send their produce to market by the
more expensive mode of radway car
riage, tbe heavy freisht rates of which
hare impoverished tne producer, wniie
competing lines of railway bave sought
different termini, thus building up
cities on the Sound with a traffic which
otherwise would have enriched the cities
of tbe lower Colombia.
It is tbe duty of the general govern
ment ami pot the state to remove those
obstructions and open up our great in
terstate river to free commerce. The
canal at the Cascades will soon be com
pleted, but no appropriation has been
secured for overcoming tbe obstructions
at Tbe Dalles. Six vears ago the United
States engineers reported in favor of the
improvement of the Columbia at The
Dalles by building a portage road tem
porarily for immediate relief to be sup
plemented by aranaL Our senators in
congress, wiser than engineers, were de
termined to have a boat railway. The
cost of a cana was estimated at about
four millions, while the etimated cost
of a completed boat railway was (2,.
00,354. Tbe annual cost of operating
the canal would be merely nominal,
while the cox of operating the boat rail
way at its full .capacity was estimated
at $273,000. Jiotwithstanding these fig
Osdm at t" poeat, wane a c " -kcis
or a boat railway is being con
jc Counts Ls never vet en
used upon the work of ccircctins
railroads, aad I do not b-Eeve it possi
ble to mre aa appropnanon lorme
ourpoe of bflding a portage road."' Of
caene it is not possible if oar delega-ifc-
in congress opposes i At my re
jcest two vears ago Chairman Biancb
ard of th river and harbor committee
moved that &X,Vfi be placed m tne
river and harbor bill for such a purpose.
Jar whole descgatioa opposed it and it
was defeated. There is nothing wrong
or wk-ked in tbe government baiicing
aad operating a railroad, lmrmgtne
last two years HI railroads with S3.S33
raflease "and a capttabzatioa of fl,
wS2,4ltMj have passed into the hands
ot rtoavcrs and are now run by the fed
eral ewGrt& If federal judges, who are
EMy-rally a lot of impracticables, can
run the": msmber of roads, there is no
doubt whatever tbat Uncle Sam could
safely ran a small portage road five or
sir mile long.
initiative aad Hetcrratlan u
Toe demand of tbe Popnlit state plat
form for a ctitutiail convention to
ivrcse: oar state constitution and include
therein tbe mitianve and referendum is
one of tbe most important and necessary
measures ever presented to a free
people. Tbe initiative gives a certain
percent? of the voter; the power to in
itiate any law, which must then be sub
mitted to a vote of tbe people. The ref
erendum makea it imperative that all
legislative enactments be referred to the
people for ratification. In practice it
has ben found that the referendum is
tbe principal feature of this law-making
system. The wisdom and justice of this
plan is self -evident and must win the
approval of every man who is in favor
of fre governments. Our governments
now are supposed to represent the
people's will, but the present machinery
is quite imperfect for that purpose. We
now have in both state and federal gov.
erhments a referendum existing entirely
without constitutional warrant, and in
nearly all cases subversive of, instead of
obedient to, the wishes of the people.
The courts have arrogated to them
selves the ri-rht to pass upon all laws,
and if sneh laws are not, in their indi
vidual judgment, what tbey ought to
be, they claim and exercise the legis
lative power of annulling them. Such a
procedure, sanctioned by usage and ac
quiesced in by all, has virtually changed
our form of representative government
into a judicial oligarchy. The judges of
the court, instead of the representatives
of the people, now declare what our
laws are and shall be. It is their prov
ince to interpret and not make or un
make law. In order, therefore, to re
store again to the ieople that which be
longs to them in every free government,
the referendum is an absolute necessity.
The people and not the judges should
say what the law shall be, and both the
judges and the people, when laws are
duly enacted, should be compelled to
The Australian ballot, which secures
to the voter a fair expression of his will,
and the Swiss referendum.which secures
a sure enforcement of such will, are the
two strong pillars upon which alone
free governments can endure. Let the
referendum system of law-making be
incorporated in our constitutions, and
mtous rmdUedness heretofore allowed, ores and the opinions of the engineers.
The foUowing figurw.ahow the amount (our senators have persisted in adhering
twI )nra ins manor ana j "w jv " -ow -" r- w
Portland Teligram of April Sf, lv.i,
said; Begi?ary and poverty oa eve-y
hand. I bare never seen so many beg
psrt r. tr st-et as are to be encoun
tered in 2Vw York at this tune. Un
happily tbe vast majority of these are
cas of suchreil need thai it seems im
possible to prevent, being in tne main
composed of ambitiow yosng and m,J-dle-age'l
men who bare come to the
great metropolis mtDe oeuei ioa; a cua
willing to work need not remain idle.
This is not tbe fact, however. This
like every other to-day is glut
ted with unskilled labor.' These two
extracts are sufficient to refute the
claim that the present bard times are
the result of any interference with the
TtTrrf4ive"2IcKmlerbiw. The mobiliza
tion of tne great army oi i- uc
ployed began under tbe reign of that
law and from other causes than tariff
Although the Wilson tariff bill is a
protective tariff measure, yet it is
claimed that it is unjust because: it only
protects the manufacturer, while the
ilcKinley law protectee doih me u
factnrer and producer- I have always
agreed with my Republican friends in
this contention. They are right If
one class is protected all classes should
S trrotecied. Everv tariff law that pro
tects the manufacturer should also pro
tect the producer, and the same rule of
right and justice Ehonld be applied for
the benefit of the consamer.
Haw, then, can. the consumer be pro
tected:' Will he be protected by com
pelling him to pay increased prices for
what he consumes by virtue of protec
tion afforded to tbe manufacturer and
the producer? That is tbe kind of pro
tection that vultures accord to doves
and that wolves extend to laml. That
will not do. Tbe only possible way to
protect the consumer is to allow him to
buy where he can buy cheapest, and to
do that the whole protective system
must be destroyed. Our Republican
friends wfll therefore see that the argu
ment they use against the Wilson bill,
that it does not protect the producer, if
carried to its logical conclusion will
overturn the whole protective system.
It will never do to invoke justice either
in the adjustment or defense of a pro
tective tariff, for if it be done, tne wnoia
system will fall beneath the very first
stroke of its invincible sword. It is in
deed strange that in this the latter part
of tbe 19th century there should be
fornd intelligent men who openly advo
cate the adjustment of tariff law3 so as
to benefit one class at tbe expense of
another class. The American Revolu
tion was a revolt against the protective
tariff measures of Great Britain, which
denied to the people of the colonies the
right to buy their manufactured articles,
in foreign countries. And after the
lapse of a century shall we fasten upon.
ourselves a system against which our
patriotic fathers rebelled?
It is urged, however, that the very
first congress enacted a protective tariff,
and this is a sanction that the system
ought to be revered. The tariff tax im
posed by the first congress averaged 11
per cent, which, if satisfactory to our
protective tariff advocates, now might
be generally satisfactory to alL Bat
why were these tariff restrictions placed
on trade bv the first congress? Benja
min Franklin, in a letter to AL Le Veil
lard, dated Feb. 17, 176S, gives the rea
son. He said: "We shall, as you sup
pose, have imposts on trade and custom
house, not because other nations have
them, but because at present we cannot
do without them. We want to discharge
our public debt occasioned by the late
war. Direct taxes are not so easily
levied on the scantily settled inhabitants
of our wide-extended country; and what
is paid in the price of merchandise is lea
felt bv the consumer and less the canse
of complaint. When we are out of debt
vre may leave our trade free, for oor
ordiuary charges of government will nob
It is further urged in defence of a pro
tective tariff that it affords tugner
wages for labor. There never was a
more transparent fraud practiced, as
facts incontestably prove. As a general
rule those industries that receive tie
highest protection are those which re
duoa the price of labor most, and n
American labor will xot stand the re
duction its place is quickly suppuea
with cheap foreign labor. At the time
of the strike at the Homestead wore.
(n.lnittv M .li W Tvmteeted. in ii
- vW....v,us, uU , industry highly protectea, m -
then we will have a sure guarantee that ; onl of the 400 men employed thert
' 1W"i,t,h? l What they old enough to vote, only 800 were voters,
always shouMbe, the just expression of ZTnlf ofwhom were naturalixed, thus
l.r ..!. ..!! w-. . --.. -r
luc njvuAu iu.
ioiHnt nnlv 4ftft native-born cituens.
In The Oregonianof Feb. 10, lfiM
KtatMnont that in tne Wie
For Ureas or
f:riTArr.Ti8wri. rkBibtiuuuo?. .w-
,Jf 2S&7h rnXbTWaVaTwaV To lutMmMU,JW K 1 4"
SS .... iu.i
SS. . . ,. u.rwi
tUS .... ,. 3S.ttt.Tai
ThaexTMafaioa of the legis
lature In J8S5 was f3l,?l; In 18W it wa
tti,90l. The-approptlon for tha
judicial fund la 16 was 115,000; la
lfc8 it was, i-dndteg 3,CQ0 for "steno
irraphle aid for aupreme judges m
prtpraUoa of ter opinions," 1107 JM.
In tha station of 166 tbe salaries of, the
judgt of the fPT?p "nr were in-
crvaeu H,jw P aimim. sou wu m au-
duties were imposed. ia
get the consent of the practical men of
the house, river and harbor committee
to accede to his proposition to navigate
steamboats on dry land, another board
of engineers at a cost of 30,0CO was or
dered to again report on a proper plan.
la the report of the secretary of war un.
der date of Sept 19, 1892, speaking of
that board, the chief of engineers said:
"The board, estimates that the ob
structions to navigation in the Columbia
river from the navigable waters below
Three-mile rapids to navigable waters
above CVlflo falls can be overcome m
the most feasible, speedy, convenient
manner and in that adapted to the pres
sst Btcestitks of commerce and to its
On the parmount question of finance
ail Populists are substantially aereed: .,.-.. . .-..iw hiffhlr pro"
on the Wr question of tariff adjust- tected industry, 5,447 idle miners were
ment they may differ, and therefore JS on charitv aU of whom except
what I shall say on the tariff wiU be, as S fordS' Jd m the San Fr
St Paul expresses t. "by permission !? !rSrr is iffiM.itsNe
- ... - mtft-
A a ""-
and not of commandment "
The prevailing hard times are attrib
utable, so say our Republican friends,
to tariff agitation and to the interfer
ence with the McKinley law. They
have very treacbeons memories. The
hard times were upon us while the Mc
lanley law was in full force, and while
there was no prospect of its repeal.
prove this assertion one
fer to fiCts and statistics.
York correspondent aays:
z .VVa. .11. mnrPTS
lug Ul IIUWU . - - jf
Mott said: 'Since tne aicj.w -.
i . s i. .nv.waving tru
iKuacu K- u w --, j-
have been reduced from Bit w
cent We formerly got !'
we are now lucky if we get fT1", .v.
Tnniv law did this as itdtttroyeai
its repeal. Tq Bk.weaving trade of Europe. Fox
lias only to re- eojkxDn awirmed here and nianufs
ThaKailnra . . A nnt ftteB
Ageof January, 1893. said: "During the ibWof those who stro
year 16V3 there were sold under for. ?rKmena SJ?-i.i nsis k
xnen came lue tuuiv-
threwhemea OR half time.
closure 23 railways, having an aggre
gate mueage of aj and an aj
t t t)n a ln.l .! f 4n.l .
aSX5r) Jl made to tonnr - -
r fta ftrdstiftlcient to ow that
peal made to the Uboring men oi
i - i i i - ' r ' j ---. .
a t - . .-. omum' io Enninn !'-
r - -1- h