HSP jyTHTM'-Jt Vii-"-A.1- r r hj- 1 1 w. iff?. u i ir I'i 1' 1 f f is-. r EVENING CAPITAL JOURNAL PUBLISHED EVERY EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY. IIY TUB Capital Journal Publishing Company. INCORPORATF-D OlBce, Corner Cnnrt ami Liberty Streets, Tnn house "is aia kioiit. TKIIMB OK HUIiSCItHTlON DAILY. Ono year, by innll... ......5 GO Hlx month-", by mnll ......... 2 00 Three months by jnnll...... ........ 1 25 Per week delivered by carrier-........ 15 WHKKI.Y. 31 CO One year.. .. 8lx month One yenr. If paid for In advance,. Wx months, " " " 1 00 60 rl,odmnstcrs nro cclvo subscriptions. authorized to re- jra-IInlcrcd as second-class mnttcrnt tbo HaIcm,OrcKon,rostolIIcc.June21, 1888. W. IF. 1JYAKS -CFiAIllJ 15. IKVIXB Eilitor Local Editor WEDNESDAY, NOV. 7, 1888. 7 m wi No Charges A IlVnitTIHKMKNTS IT N I) Kit T II K A IipikIh of WANTED, KOIt HAI.K, Poll ItKNT. KOUN'I),I.OHT, etc.. of an ac ceptable nature, not to exceed tbreo lines, will bo free for one week only one ml. for euuli Individual. Thin docs not Include business advertisements. If answers full to come tbo first time we invito as many repetitions nsuro necessary t scciiro what you advertise for. Wo wish tbo advertisers to feel thattbeyare not Im (Mining on us by using our free columns, The CAi'iTAi. Jouhnai. Is the medium through which the general public may al- HIIJH IlliVU IJU'ir WIII1IH MippilCU. Advertisers should remember that lct- ters (iirectea to i.NlTlAJJi OM.Y aio tint dcllered through tbo postolllce. If Ini tials are used they should be dlrectel to the eaio of some pcit-on, 111 in, or postolllce box. Advertisements can bo left at our olllee or scut through the mall to CAI'fTAI, JOURNAL I'UII. CO. Enough is known of the returns to calculate with some degree of certainty concerning the complexion of the next home. The following Is the estimate of the republican con grcsslonul committee in the house of representatives of the 3Jst cengress: Alabama 8 clem, Arkansas 5 dem, California 4 rep and 2 dem, Colorado 1 rep, Connecticut 3 rep, and 1 dem, Delaware 1 dem, Florida 2 dem, Georgia 10 dem, Illinois 14 rep and 0 dem, Indiana 5 rep and 8 dem, Iowa 10 rep and 1 dem, Kansas 0 rep, Kentucky 4 rep, and 7 dem, Lousiana 1 rcn and C dem, Maine 4 4 rep, Maryland 1 rep and 5 clem, Massachusetts 11 rep and 1 dem, Michigan 9 rep and 2 dem, Minnesota 3 rep and 2 dem, Miss issippi 7 dem, Missouri 3 rep and 11 dem, Nebraska 3 rep, Nevada 1 rep, New Hampshire 2 rep, New Jersey 0 rep and 1 dem, New York 10 rep and lo dem, Nortli Carolina 4 rep and 5 dem, Ohio 17 rep and 4 dent, Oregon 1 rep, Pennsylvania 20 rep and 8 dem, Rhode Island 2 rep, South Carolina 7 dem, Tennessee 3 rep and 7 dem, Texas 11 dem, Ver mont 2 rep, Virginia 0 rep and 4 dem, West Virginia 3 rep and 1 dem, Wisconsin 7 rep and 2 dem. Total, 170 republican, 145 demo cratic. This estimate includes Anderson, of Iowa, Hopkins, of Virginia, ami Smith, of Wisconsin, labor candi dates. There are 3Z members of the house and the calculation of the rep congressional committe is that the rep majority in the 61st congress will be about 27. W. C. T. U. COLUMN. I'ure Ideals forChllilliood. SACKVILI.K'S FUTUilK. TIIANKSOIVINflll'HOCr.AMATJON. , HTATK Ol'OUKOON, 1-.XWUTIVK IK1MI!TMKKT. HA '-KM, XoVKMIiKU 7, 188S, J Ills year now drawing ton tloo has been ono of unexampled peace, plenty and ptospcilty within tho borders oftho state. It Is pioper that public acUnowl. udgmcut should bo mucin to tbo Great Killer of tho. Universe for Ills lnniuncrablo blessings. 1 do.thcrefoie.dcslgnatoTliurs day, tho SUtli day of November, as a day of Tliairksgivlng to Almighty God, to bo obsencd by tbo whole people of tills Com monwealth In token of their gratlludo for II Is great merelc. In witness thereof, I bavoset my band mid caused tho seal of the stato to bo af Ilxod, Ibis, tho suventh day of November A. 1)., IKsH. HYI.VKHTKIl I'KNNOYKK, Governor, lly tliu governer: GKO. W. Mt'lllllllK, Heeretary ofHtate. viotokv. Tho victory is ours and wo are glad of it. Wo atu glad to know that tho republican party Ih still In favor with tho American people. Wo are not disponed to crow or bully over our opponents. They (selected tho batt'o ground, they ehoso tho weapon, they lmvo shown all tho strategy and they are de feated. Again all three branches of tho government will lw in tho hands of tho republican party and wo ex pect to bee such prosperity through out tho country as never has been witnessed. Oregon Is especially favored. Her representatives have been hampered and hedged In by their political opponents until very little legislation benellelal to tho state and Nortli l'aclllo coast has boon passed. This will bo otherwise now. If wo were disposed to crow It would be over tho fact that tho solid South Is broken tho new wtatos of Washington and Montana will Ih) established and New York city no longer control tho election of tho presidents. Some of the American journals are disposed to think that Lord Sackvllle's unfortunate propensity for telling the truth will ruin his diplomatic career. They need not be alarmed about him. He has, from the English standpoint, done no Intentional wrong, and tho con sequence of his dismissal by Clove land will probably be his elevation Irom the rank of minister to that of governor of Canada, or embassador. Great Dritain considers tho Wash ington ministry a small-potatoes allalr at best, and, inasmuch as Cleveland and Bayard lmvo acted so cavalierly toward Lord Sackvllle, we may look to see him sent to St. Petersburg or Constantinople, or some other European capital. Lord Salisbury knows very well that if tho Sackvlllo Incident had not oc curred just before election Cleveland would lmvo ignored it; and so ho will not let Sackvlllo bo made the victim of tho president's chagrin and petulance. l'KItltVIIKt.MONT'S VIKW. Coi,. John A. Joyck, who wroto Ella Wheeler Wilcox's imhjui "Laugh and tho World Laughs With You," ivcontly tuild: "I lmvo Perry Uohnont, whoso position as chairman oftho house committee on foreign ailtdrs entitles him to speak with weight, says that ho sincerely trusts that tills will be tho last time that our relations with othor gov ernments will bo made an issue in a presidential canvass. Inasmuch as tho Ihsuo in tho Sackville matter has been forced by Cleveland, It will appear that Mr. Uohnont does not uphold the president's course. So far as the ilsheries treaty Is concerned, Its rejection by thesenate would not lmvo caused a ripplo had It not been that Cleveland used It as a pretext for his blustering, empty retaliation proclamation. True, tho Bonato refused to ratify tho treaty, oven though It was Indorsed by Cleveland's friend, Morgan of Ala bama, but that rejection, llko tho Murchlson-Saokvlllo correspon dence, would not have been au Issue oftho campaign had not Cleveland Improjwrty made It such. HOW IT IS TAKKN, says, Tho New York Press to-day editerially: "Harriwin and Morton lmvo been elected, and the government of this country goes back to tho party which stood by the union whon tho democrats tried to destroy It. " 1 ho people have decided In favor trilVrillitjl 111 !! l ixmitfi At tli.i glolH). r lmvo had dealings with rtho American protective system tho white, tho black and tho red. 1 sjKXik several languages. I lmvo Kim prosjierlty and enjoyed It. 1 lmvo seen adversity; I know what it Is now. I lmvo been in tho Insane asylum and In tho penitentiary. I have never yet been In n corner that I didn't get out of It. 1 lmvo never Uhiii broke very long, for Just whon tho day Doomed the darkest tho dol lar turned up somehow. I wonder why I was barn." At Albany they have a peculiar way or "holding up" people. A fow nights ago wvoml attempts wore made to wllove pn-by of thoir loos ohtuiifu. Republicans put this question fairly and squarely to tho voters of the country In tho Chicago plat form and tho emphatic airswor has come buck that tho tarllt' must bo sustained. 1 ho American producers lmvo re fused to make way for the foroiini producers, and tho American wngw onmors have not proposed to bo put upon an equality with the pauper labor of Europe. Tho consistent and patriotio action of the republican minority In congress In refusing to pass tho famous Mills bill has boon endorsed by tho northern voters," It is next to impossible to reform those who have lost all faith in the sincerity, honor or goodness of human nature who believe that people in general aro all bad, who have been taught that all criminals are heroes. In such hearts there is a reservoir of rage and vice, invisible save when some llamc, hotter than usual, bursts momentarily forth. And if our national life is growing worse, if sosiety is growing more corrupt, itis because our young men and women, who are entering into manhood and womanhood, hav , in childhood, fed their minds on pernicious literature. Childhood is the time when the ideals are formed. In the dreams of childhood are found the germs of many a man's career. The seeds sown In the mind of the child j'will germinate into the character of the man and ripen into the pleasant fruit of good deeds or the Dead-Sea-apples of sin. And so, if we would have citizens capable, by voice and vote, of wisely governing and directing the ati'aiis of the nation, we must see to it that the children of the land aie early taught to be manly and honest, pure and true. Hut, apart from these considera tions of the worldly power aud pros perity of the nation, there is a higher duty which we are called upon to uillill- a duty wiiose per formance or omission must be accounted for when the great Judge of all men puts to us the question, "Where is thy brother?" Think you that tho old, old answer with which humanity has so long stilled its conscience will suffice then? Shall we bo absolved from blame if we give tho answer of Cain, "Am I my brother's keeper?" When eyeballs glaze and ears grow dull when the golden cord that binds the soul together is frayed and breaking, ami lire is cubing away what will it matter to us then that wo have been clad daintily, that science has been our guide, or that art has surrounded our lives with all that is fair and pleasant? Better far, if out of the darkness of the Valley of the Shadow of Death wo hear a voice speaking to us words like these : "Well done, thou good and faithful servant, enter thou in to tho joy of thyiLord." Arthur Dudley Vinton, in Nortli American Review for March. un, it is grand to see a man con fronting tho crowd for their own good seizing a truth, standing by It, and, if need be, dying for it ; becoming a pioneer of humanity in sonio new rough puth.-John B. Gougli. Aphyslcian of Jacksonville, Fla., states publicly that those who drink liquor aro less liable to recover from yellow fever,aud Mayor Archibald of tho same city, In speaking of the ravages of this terriblo scourge, says : "It strikes persons of alcoholic habits fatrlly. The fever is of a very mild form. Tho mortality is only about fifteen per cont, and taking out tho deaths of men addicted to the uso of alcoholic beverages, the mortality would not exceed tlvo per cent. Two-thirds oftho fatality is duo to tho fact that persons lmvo been accustomed to tho uso of strong drink beforo they are attacked by tho fover, and in every such case tho patient Invaria bly illes, aud without reaction. It Is a frequent remark on tho Jack sonville streets that yellow fever Is tho best temperance lecture tho city ever had." Of tho fate of ;tho famous "com pensation clauses" brought forward In tho House of Commons by tho government, a writer in tho Loudon Christian World says: "Tho li censing clauses lmvo not been killed by tho speeches of eloquent statesman, or by tho votes of Houses of Parliament. They lmvo been killed by plain, simple men and women, met together In Sunday schools and chapel vestries or iu 'lodges' and "courts' aud 'temples' aud kludred conclaves, who lmvo signed .Jhelr petitions and voted their resolutions, and beforo the force of whoso outraged sense of right, tho government, with Its majority of a hundred, has uow to bend the head 1" LiOfDS AND HOMES. Marion county is situated In tin heart of the magnlUcent Wiliametn valley, the central gem In the clu tar of rich counties that form that princely domain, and 1b the bannet commonwealth of tho great north west In all the essentials that go to wards making It a profitable abiding place, and a homo for the thrift farmer, the cunning artisan and tht industrious mechanic. Rich in Its agricultural resources in its cultivated and uncultivated lands, in Its water powurs, and minerals; rich in Its colleges and schools of learning, and with a climate unsurpassed for Its salubrity, it presents to tno immigrant irom the overcrowded states, where cold winters and hot summers, with terrible cyclones, prevail, who comes to the coast with some means, advantages that no other county In Oregon possesses. Much has Deen written of thic western country that requires itretch of the imagination to com prehend, aud numerous complaints ore heard from tho class who have been misled by them, so in thir brief sketch the writer desires to avoid exaceration as to its present and prospective advantages, asking those in tne east into wnose nauo this may fall particularly those who have their eyes directed towards this coast-to peruse It carefully, feeling that it is not written to lure immigrants within its borders, but only as a truthful discription of a land which, if it does not "How milk and honey," contains within its bosom wealth and resources equal to any other country on tho Pacific side of the Rocky mountains. BOUNDARIES. Marion county Is bounded on tin north by the Willamette river sun Butte creek which separates it frm. Clackamas county; on the east b; Clackamas county and the Cat-cad i mountains, which separate it iron Wasco county; on the south by tin Santiam river and the north fork c. the Santiam, separating it d.n Linn county.andon the west by tl Willamette river. PHYSICAL FORMATION. The county contains, Incluii.: , valley, prairie and mountain lam about 900,000 acres. There are two main divisions, t' mountain and the valley. '11 latter extends from tho Willamc river to the foot of tho Cast . mountains, a distance of about : teen miles. The mountainous portion conti. somo fourteen townships of ni unsurveyed land; lying in a hn twelve miles north and south i forty miles east and west, and ci prises all classes of land, from l .. i narrow valleys in tno passes, 1 1 NEVI AnTEItTISEMENTS. Admirers of Cleveland and Harrison, we believe in We them on Protection. protect our customers from paying ruinous prices for tbelr koo ds bv m n very small profit. uiij FVee Trade Is our motto ns every person Is free to trade with us and take advantneo of tt, low prices. Wo have the most complete assortment of 6 lnese Dry Goods, Underwear, Clottiing, , Hats arid Caps Boots and Srioes, ' Notions, ! Cigars and fw Tobacco To be found In the city. "Buy as you vote" with your eyes open, make you welcome at tho Opera House Corner. Call, and we will Tko Caiil Adventure Co. throueh all the grades of rolhn The whwtt fleet of 'SS is tho fimt ever In the Columbia rlvor. NEW TO-DAY, PRINTING. fVNK OF TUB IVKQKST I&TA11US1I. UmenU In the htauv Lower rate than iwuiiu. iukct,, i.ncHi jiHinKs m uieoHtiLK'u vig: prk umor joo the Stt- tv 8tm iTlnter, Klu, Oroua. ' dUcount. &ma Ibr l-imuu. mi cauqoeua ot . J. VA. hillv and broken, to that of rctl bound canyons and ihaccessil i craggy peaks. It is generally hea i( timbered, and iu tho near fuU i will be valuable for its lumber plies. These hills and mounta afford a wonderful summer rut , for stock, and many of the more ternrisinc farmers are availing tlu-i selves of this opportunity, and - hi tho cold frosts of autumn approat . the stock are brought out to fres?l pastures, thus enabling them to sur vlve tho winter storms with lift care. GREAT ADVANTAGES. A decided advantage Marion coun ty has over many others is the di versified fanning interest that oai bo carried on throught tho cntt-r year; notwithstanding this is a u . . climate during the winter month the uplands aro seldom too wet n work, and long beforo the pnin farmer are through with their sc- ing, tho hill farmer iu preparing fin his summer work. And yet llu low lands ore much preferred 1 many; the yield per aero is general!.' greater, anil perhaps less labor is iv quired to place the soil in proper condition for crops; and then should tho Beason prove dry, tho bott :n lauds aro suro to bring the be: crops. No better fanning land can bo found in tho United States than that on tho noted Howell prairie. French prairie, Santiam pnurio and alein prairie. The soil of theso are wonderfully productive. With good cultivation, forty bushels of wlicat snd sixty of oats per acre can be i cad lly secured. FACILITIES FOR MARKET. The Willamette river, with two tines of railroad miming tho entite length of the county from north to south, with the Oregon Pacific road crossing tho southeast corner of the county, atlbrds ample facilities to reach a market in any direction. SALEM Is the capital of the state and county seat of Marlon county, situ ated on the Willamette river and on tho O. A C. railroad. Costly buildings have been erected, among wnicu tne state capitot ouuaing, cou nty court house, Cnemeketo hotel, opera house, new publio school building, Catholic school building, Methodist church, Willamette Uni verslty, and many private residences and business blocks, which Mill compare favorably with older and larger cities, GENERAL. - All things considered, the Willau etto valleyhas the best country in tho world, and Marion county la about centerally located therein. To those seeking homes In the west, no better opportunities can be offered, Uutnarefoundhere. Persons desiring Information regarding Marlon county or the Willamette valley, those -wanting farming lands, stock farms, business property or city residences, will bo promptly and reliably informed by addressing tho well known firm of Willis a Chamberlln, real estate agents, nucra house block, Balem Oroccn FALL SEASON OF Special attention is called to our splendid display of fashionable garment from tho well known manufacture r Springer Bros,, or hoston. They need no recommendation from us, being tho finest line over placed before tho public. Each garment has a label at collar band bearing the manufacturer's name. our is unusually large and varied, representing The Latest Novelties- Agents for the now Slather patent LACE KID GLOVE An excellent stock of CARPETS, RUGS, ROLLING AND LACE CURTAINS; At prices extremely low. Full stock of . STAPLEAND FANCY DRY1 GOODS In all departments. ' i MEN'S FURNISHING GOODS liUXN & BROWK'S, 28 Corner State nnd Commercial streets. i ' THE BEST STOCK OF STOVES IN THE CITY IS AT R. M. WADK & CO'S 282 to 286 Commercial Street, SALEI Garland Stoves, Charter Oak Stoves, Brighton Range AND MANY OTHER LEADING STYLES. Also a Complete- Stock of Hardware and Farm Machinery, Wagons and Carriag Plenty of oleau, froeh, Oregon I raised clover seed for solo at tho Grange store. FOR SALE. A IE nilST AND MOUSE-l'HOOF xi. Orcuu, also a second hand Piano at u bargain and on easy terms. Call on II. DIAMOND, 208 Commercial 8t.,8alem,Or. KELIBY BROS., I'ltOriUETORS OF THE CAPITOL COFFEE HOUSE MsU,20cenW; board, Wpw week. No Chinese etunkurad. COI nimrolul St. 104-dtT GRASS SEED. CAN FURNI8U MESQUITE OB A mixture or Lincoln and JJesqutte In large or small Quantities. For term ad ttrefcs t. O.JORY, Box 81, 174-lm Salem, Or. FARMERS. T VAX TUB HIOHBST CASH MUCK l tor Witter, ti and poultry. Abto have a feed store. 3H OommeraUl swJ. le-W-alm W. U YATES.