Weekly Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1900-1924, January 13, 1905, Page 1, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    ISSUED. SEMI - QfKLf 1
SSUID SE...I-..
1 1 . r-m
vm mm
. riFTY-THJILD TEAK NO. C
SALEM, OREGON, FBIDAY,-MOEinNO, JANTJABT 13, 1905. -
SECOND SECTION EES PACI.
' ll I - li ,fTX!lU--;f SjT
' t ! ,
GOV. GHMBERLlAilN . -'
., ON :EFAIRSrOE STATE
Delivers His Bi-Ennial Message to Legislative
AssemblyBoth Bodies Ad
bundayCommittees
The Governor will send to the Legis
' laturo early next week the four bill
he vetoed after the' last wssioay one of
which i very important to the people,
more than auv. that 'lias been before
them for a. lonj time, many think, l'hln
refer to the bill to amend the Austral
ian ballot law so that a voter may be
permitted to vote the straight ticket
of his party if Iia jio desires with the
making of a single cross on tbe ballot.
This ia undoubtedly one, of the most
eouitablo laws "passed by the Legisla
Jf$ .ture in recent 3-eaTs, and that there is
no doubt at all that Governor Cham
berlain vetoed it for purely party rea
sons, say all who were interested in the
passage. ) -' 5 ' -
That the bill will benefit the party
eastin . the ''largest vote is not ques
tioned by anyone who has studied the
bill, 'and therefore it is not to be won
dered at that, party influence and 'po
litical conditio-" may have induced ,tue
Governor to veto the bill but that the
amendment to the law is correct and
just is not questioned by anv one who
knows of the intricacies of the Aus
tralian ballot law. . ' j
1 There is every reason that Benub- j
licans should "ass this bill over ,t he
Governor's veto," Baid a member of:
the state Senate tvesterdav afternoon, i
nnd I do not doubt it will be done. 1
J cannot imagine the frame of mind that
' n Republican could get into that would
prevent his supporting the law as pass
ed bv the last session of the l-iegisia
five Assemble 1 feel that if there is
anv -jue'stion of'l n Republicans
votiP" to jf&sn tne mil-over toe uov-
ernor's .veto I that a general caucus o
the lietiblican members should te.held
with a View to 'laboring' with the re-
ractory brethren."
Other Republicans spoke of the meas
nre as one in which they felt that the
lartv was deeplv, interested the same
as the general public, as it is a measure
is line of the rirht. and that they
thought there could be no possible rea
eon whv anv -Tfepublican should vote
to sustain the (lovernor's eto of the
V nieasnre. .!
I , "It is said that, the Governor
i -1 "ft tho veto to-be -sustained. bnt.I
do not see how, " said a leader in the
Tower house yesterday afternoon", 4 nn
. less he expects Bepnblieans to do what
they ilid when he was elected, that sis,
stun d in with him. - There may be those
who will do itbifl I do not think there
j any doubt at all the, bill will pass
over his head."
The Governor's Mansion. j ;
Another bill that was vetoed arid
w.hich.a. strong rftort is being made; to
Tass over the veto, is the' appropria
tion of the amount , necessary for,, the
tunrchase of the residence 'property: on
the corner of Court ami Summer streets
for a home for the Govrnor. -This was
generally considered a meritorious
measure, for the Governor should have
his home at the capita! And withont
Ihere V beinir a gubernatorial mansion
for bis iim tli most of them profr not
to move their families here. anl pay
hiph rental, usually .then unable to s-
eut-o n sHabl residonco. Thin till
will nrobably pass over the Governor's
. veto. '
Off to Portland.
The members all hit the trail for
Tortland yesterday afternoon with very
few exceptions, the latter beinjr those
who were satisfied to go to their homes
if living near this city. The two bouses
d inurned to hours late enough on Mon
day to permit the members to-return
ou tbp train from; the metropolis and
arrive in thno for tho, opening of the
session. ! r
' On Mondav it is eiiwcJed tie Speak
er and President will caeh annonnce his
eontmittees and then tbe regular order
SKiUhn taken no. and earried steadily
nnd cwntinuouslv until the end of the
session perhaps within twenty days,
and perlBios in forty. vno kdowsj .
x ".
4tvith nTflnization completed both
hrses of the legislative; Assembly set
tied down to business at' the start yes-
erflnv morning. The .Senate passed Tl.
li. 5," and the House .reciprocated by
. passicT H. B. 6. 1 . !.
An important bill wa introduced; to
' tle Senate by Brownell for th enact
ment of an eight-hour labor law in
certain employments. Senator AVheal
don presented" a bill for the appropria
tion of money for the benefit of -Indian
war veterans. . : ..?'-: !
Spirited Contest. ' '
The House was the-scene' of a spirit
ed eontroversy between Kay of Marion
and Smith, of Josephine.- Smith intro
duced a resolution for the t intment
of committecj to investijate allegations
to the effect that the Hous was eon
trolled bv the liqior organizat: n.
Smith wanted the riSes of the Honse
Htisnended. x Kay insisted that the les
could not be suspended on account of
eeiitain technicalities, and was answer
ed hotly by Smith. " ' ' . ,
While the" motion was bein troted
tipon Richie jumped r to- his feet and
made a upeee'h against it,p saying that
an invest irat ion was nnnecessary and
bsnrdThe House was called to order
bv the Speaker and i; the voting confin-
.tied, which resulted in the defeat f
1he resolution by an overwhelming
inaloritv.
II.- B, 5, which was passea Dy rue
Senate yesterday morninp-. is to author
ize Clatsop county- to : Jevy f ftu tax t
five mills for a period of everal vears
for the construction and famishing of
an np to date court house. ' It will be
signed bv Governor Chamberlain as
noon as it has been through the remLir
'Joiitihe. f '. ...-ral -'"'.;' , V : ' !
8! B. C, Haines, hich was passed br
the House, and only waits for the eom-
on
; . ' : - 4 -, -.-
ing signature of the Governor to I be
come a- law, is to amend the charter of
the eity of IlilUboro. It seems that
there three county road - dissect the
village, and that they are kept in re
pair by the eonty. Through an af?r e--ntent
,tetweea the county anil eitv of-
i was agreeti io amenu ibe town
charter transferrins' the control and
care of jhe streets into -the hands of'
the city. The bill aiso provides for I
an amendment of the charter to regit
late saloons and all classes of the law
less element. .;
To Inclose Campoeg Monument, i
R. B. "o. 4S, introduced by Senator
Croisan,' of Marion county, is of gen
eral interest to the inhabitants. of this
county. It reads as follows: . 1 1 i
'An aet to authorize and empower
the Governor, Secretary 0f State and
State Treasurer of the state of Ore
gon in the. name and on behalf of the
state of Oregon,- to purchase such lands
in Marion county, Oregon aa will be
necessary to make a proner inelosure
for the monument erected at old Chara
poeg, in Marion county. Oregon, in
commemoration of the organization of
the first civil .'government west of the
Rocky mountains, and t make such
improvements to the same as are ne-
ceary and appropriate money there-
lore
"Whereas, on the 2nd day of May,
i4j. at uia tnampoeg, jn Marion conn
tv, Oregon, there was organized the
first civil government west J of the
Rocky mountains. One hundred ' d
two men were present at a meeting
called for that purpose at which fifty
tw0 voted for such government and
fifty against.
"Whereas, upon the spot where said
government was organized there , was
erected bv the state a monument ; to
commemorate said event, -and secured
fom the owners of the property where
the wine is situated, a deed to a piece
of land sixteen feet square.
' Whereas, said land is inadequate
for said purpose and' is inclosed Jby
lands owned by other parties and it
is neeessay to purchase other lands in
order to secure a proper inelosure to
the same. i.j
The bill also provides that the said
officers will have power to make such
improvements to said 'monument as in
their jiulginentshall le necessary. And
for the appropriation out of the' general
fund of the state of Oregon $600 to Je
Lused by. officers for the purpose of wr-
cnasmg a plot or jrrouno: about three
acre in extent to be used as a park.
Governor Chamberlain is in favor of
the passatre of the bill and the general
opinion prevails that it will be carried
in both houses bv ah unanimous vote.
Senate caucus Clerks.
The following caucus 'erks "Selected
in caucus were elected during t he m o ru
in - session:
Clerk of Wavs and ifeans commit
tee, H J. Swafford, of Marion.
" Enrosse.l Bills, O. B.- Johnson, of
Columbia.
Enrolled Bills, Simon Caro, of Mult-
nomah.
Assistant Clerk of Judiciary. M. K.
Miller, of Wasco.
Assistant Clerk of Enrolled Bills,
May C. McGee, of Clatsop.
Assistant Clerk -Engrossed Bills, C
C. Neil.. of Multnomah.
General cterks, Mrs. E. Wolf, Mult
nomah;' Miss 'Casey Multnomah; E. J.
Thornton, of Jaeksdn; C. O. Danneman,
ot GUliam, and P. V. Olds, of Yamhill.
The Oovernor'a Message.
A few minutes after 11 o'clock yes
terday morning witnessed the presenta
tion of t& message from the Senate to
the House announcing that the Senate
was ready and expectant for the read
iiir of the-Governor's message. t :
The two bodies of Senators and Rep
resentatives immediately assembled in
the chamber of. the nou. Tresident
Kuykondall was proffered the seat of
chairman of the joint assemDiy Dy
Speaker Mills, which v was very grac
iously accepted.
. A joint committee, two from the Sen
ate and three from the House, was ap
pointed to notify Governor- Chamber
lain the two bodies of the Legislature
were waiting the deliverance of his
message. .
Governor Chamberlain was escorted
to the Sneaker '8 platform, where he de
livered his message. Governor Cham
berlain held his audience, who listened
carf fully to his address. All present
were deeply interested and paid elose
attention to an mac was sam.
The message covered every important
subject, minotelv. The Governor's
enunciation was perfect and hi words
eonld be heard without dUfiSculty inall
part of the chamber. Several scores
of people were present, to hear the
reading of the. message by theftovern
or. He was frequently interrupted by
bursts of applause. The Republican
members of the Legislative Assembly
pplsnded the Governor's remarks as
heartily and as sincerely as meir wm-
ocratie eolleagnes.
, Tfc Message In Part. . -
The Governor's message is a lengthy
paper,-yet an aoie one, nn uiku.
the internal affAtrs. of tne state in a
general wavJ " He recommends among
JJher-things a short session of th state
assembly, sayinx":iere.is noiinuj? j"
eould do 1 hat would so strongly com
mend you to "your- constituent s a s " an
early adjournment. - -
He refers ' briefly to t he st at e or . 1 ne
chool fnnds, and recommends that the
Barbank legacy for the aid ox an or
phans' home be recogniieJ byia con
current resolution. '
Gn the khool book auestton he fakes
the stand of decreaiiin the nuniber of
ourn
T
books required. He recommends geri
erosity with , the State University and
Agricultural College, speaking highly of
the; great work each w' doing. He rec
ommends placing the normal school nn
derj one board of regents and making
uicir ruurse or sinuy untiorm.
Jte woukl have tuna 11 cottages built
I at the &ddiera IlnmA a tht ih
dices as might have to take- advantage
of that institution could abw have their
wives with them. He refers to the
Improvements made at the pe&itentiary.
Recommends cells apart at the asylum
fori the criminal insane. -Would give
control of the youthful criminals to the
prison chaplain, and would establish a
school within the prison for their edu
cation. J' -'i '- -- '
He refers fittingly to the Oregon Na
tional Guard anjj its efficiency and con
curs! ii the recommendations of the
adjutant-general. Recommends the ap
propriation necessary , for the payment
of the remainder of the Indian war.
claims, saying that "these brave old
pioneers have waited long to have jus
tice: done themV" He recommends the
abolishment of the quarantine stations
at Astoria, Gardiner, Marshfield and
Yaquina. " . '
In referrina to the public lands of
the state he says the office of the clerk
of the board of schoolMand commission
ers and the state land agent have been
consolidated, in a way again, and that
soon it will be possible from an inspec
tion! of the records to ascertain at a
glance the present status of every acre
of public land in the state. He dis
cusses the conditions of these landa at
reat length, and especially Tefers to
the lands that have been sold as min
eral; base and which have-been turned
dowfr by the secretary of the interior.
He adds that during the present ad
ministration operations in alleged min
eral .base have been done entirely away
wit hi and that not an acre of indemnity
lands hive been selected on such base,
nor (have - any certificates of sale or
deeds .been executed to indemnity lands
selections nince Jammry 1, 1903.
lit yrges upon 'tha Legislature the
enac merit of a general " fellow -eerv-ant?
1 law; Would have a law passed
prohibiting employer s liability insur
nipioyer iiuuiiiiv jnsur-
d rpgulte employment
flire,.ui' establishment of
s, aferithe nfodel of the
ance, r ' ould
agencies.. Desires
juvenile courts
court of Colofaihj.,. eeommehtls the
enactment of, tan 'Indeterminate sen
tence" laW,i''statinc that with nch a
law fbere would be some incentive to
lead letter lives ia prison.
He says the Governor should have an
emergency fund subject to his imme
diate!. order for certain purposes. He
refei"i especially to the killinr of sheep
in Kastem tiregon and his inability to
do anything, stating that the only arm
of the! public service that i at his abso
lute eommand is the National Guard,
which can only le utilized in einerg-
eneiea, which do not nor have not yet
existed in this case.
The) Oovernor reeommentln -J.hat ' le-
erter from the. armv he disfranchised
by this atate.
In Reference to the forest fire and
forest protection matter he says he sees
no reason whv the state should be heav-
ilv tajxod for the preservation of the
forests so long as congressional action
i not; taken, unless the lands in tbe
forest j" reserves should Ho turned over
to the state for school purposes, and
then the state could well make amj.Ie
appropriation for their proteeliou.
The I Governor states what has een
done in the Dalles-Oelilo eanal and poirt
aire raiilway matter.
The Governor recommends the pay
ment bf h claim for services as Attor
ney lir the state in Klamath swamp
lndn cases to William B. Matthews, In
tbe matter off the seaman's boarding
house law ; the eovernor asks that the
power of appointment be permitted to
rest i the exeeative alone, and that
1 fiiti. - s i.!a.a! ; 1
eitHri mum ; inBtiigiiooa nwiiux noucr
the law be exempted forn the license
payment. He- reeommends that the
state take part in the Jamestown Cen
tennial, which will occnr ia 1907.
Th j remainder of the message is as
follows: . ' ' - t " ''.
Indebtedness of tha State.
On , September 30, 1002, intereat
bearinir warrants were outstanding,
which ! had been issued in repayment
for a swamp lands theretofore sold by
the'state and to which the state eould
not 'convey title," amounting - to $38,
940.08 j' of principal, on which 'the in
terest accumulated and unpaid to April
1. 1903. amounted approximately to
tl9.01S.42. Of tbe principal $30.925J18
bears interest at the rate 6f eight per
cent per annum, and S0 14.70 at ix
per cent. per annum. Since that time
payments have been made n that por
tion of these warrants which bears tha
larger I rate of interest, out of moneys
realized from tbe sale of swamp lands,
whilst! the - principal of tbe indebted
ness, which bears six per eent per an
num, has been increased because of re1
payments for other swamp landsAto
which I no title eonld be conveyed.; Ref
erence! ' to the report of the treasurer
discloses that at the end of -the last
fiscal year there were outstanding war
rants .1 on account of swamp lands
Amounting to $4403.89 of . principal
and $1557.10 s, of interest. Of ' the
nrineipal $14,825.33 . bears interest at
eight per eent per annum and 29,278.31
at six! 'per eent per annum. " There' is
no fund -out f of -which these .warrant
can be paid : except as - moneys are
realized from the sale of swamp lands,
and so little of -this remains - to : the
state that the interest on the indebted
ness -is barely-kept down by the, sales
thereof. : 4 --,'. - ,
- An appropriation sITould Ie made for
the payment f these .warrants and your
Monday
earnest attention is called to the mat
ter, for . as. a business preposition the
Mate Ooht no, longer to be eompelletl
10 pay Tut enormous interest ehaije.
fiealp Bounty Indebtedness.
i Io addition -to this, at t he v last ses
sion of the IegUla ture, claims 'for re
payment of two-thirds of , the .bounty
pant the several counties of the
state-nnder; the 'scalp bounty . law pf
liMJl, nal been presented: and remained
uariiltJa. mounting, to 34JI3S.66. An
appropriation was then made, to meet
this indebtedness,, but it was included
in a bill which' appropriated large sums
for other and -distinct purposes. This
bill was vetoed : because J violative of
tectum. 20, article -IVjof the eonstitn
tioa and not beeanse bf any objection
t. 41 : . ..1 . - a , 1 -
w iiw jumcnuo iicui now uuuer ui
eussioa. . : : ' ' r-
This indebtedness has been increased
by the presentation of other claims for
repayment and now amounts to (3d.
8S1.3I, and provision should ; be made
by appropriate legislation for its pay
ment. - . - . . .
Taxation., . !..
The experience of the last Leeislt-
tnre should be a warning to this not to
attempt too niuh in the way of amend
ing statutes on the subject, of taxa
tion.' A general amendatory . : statute
hastily passed then necessitated the
Convening of the Legislature in special
session to cure defects that invalidated
the same.?::.' r ' ' j
That the'laws of the state bearing
npon this subject are badly out of joint
and sadly in feed of revision goes with
out saying. 5 There, is a general lack of
System in them taken as a whole: but
it is questionable if harmony could be
restored if it be whole time of this ses
sion were devoted to, an attempt to
bring order out of chaos.
It is possible that if a tax eo'ramis-
sion were appointed to igatbej data, and
frame a law t be reported two years
hence, beneficial results might be at
tained. This eonrse has been pursued
in" other Estates .with partial success,
and it might be well to t give it a trial
here. Much property escapes its just
proportion of taxation, andthis is par-
uenlariv true m'.this- case of personal
propertT sad money, and improvements
on reac. property. This is susceptible
of demonstration beyond any doubt.
The summaries of the assessment rolls
of the various counties for 1903 as filed
fn tbe office of the secretary 6f stnte,
show that-; the value of improvements
on deeded and undeeded lands was. $9,'
405,462 and on town and, city-lots was
$31,192,221, or a total assessed valua
tion of all improvements $40,597,681
The risks written by fire insurance com
panies on property, situated within the
state for the year ending December
1903, amounted, to' $95,531,484.84. , It
is safe to say that more than 80 per
cent of this insurance is upon improve
meats npon, real property W heji it is
remembered that a, very large partof
these improvements 'carry no insurance
and -that property, is usually insured for
only about half its value, it drill be
seen at a glanee what an (enormous val
uation on tan, class or. property atone
escapes taxation. The assessed value.
of. mcnej' for the same year was !Ll
3.73,970. " If anv one is interestea
enoivh in thejitibject to give it passing
consideratioifrne will ascertain from
nn examination of the. last .reports to
the comptroller of tlie currency made
by the national banks of;' the stat?,
that there are many single banking in
stitutions that have on deposit amounts
largely, in 'excess of the total assess
ment on money. Again, a reference to
the abstract of the assessment rolls
from 1S93 to 1903 discloses that money
was assessed in T$93 at 3,136,987. and
in 1903 at $l,37i)4"0, a decrease of ?
761,017, while the total assessed vaca
tion of all property for 1S98 was 10.-
OSSiNW. and in, 1903i only 173,3o!.R!S,
an increase i ten years of only $5,470,
. Efrery one kn.ws that this, is not
a faithful index'- of .the jjrowth ia
wealth in our state in ten year.' What
is the' result of thia failure upon the
part of county officials to assess the
property of the state and to properly
equalize- the assessments when made?
The state has rapidly grown, in wealth
and population since. 1893, and in the
next few. years will grow with greater
rapidity. With an increase of popula
tion, the, number . of inmates in the
eleemosynary and penal institutions of
the state increases in the sanje or a
greater proportion, while the expense
of maintaining them constantly in
creases in volume. The aswssment bf
the state remaining substantially the
same, as has been the ease during the
last ten years, tlsn rate to be levied
for state purposes continues to increase,
and the burden on those classes of
property which are visible and continue
po be assessed from year to year in
comes heavier and harder to bear.
It is the condition here outlined
which .makes the-, levy for ttate pur
poses appear larger than it ought to be.
ana tbe attention of tne leigisiature is
respectfully called t it in tbe hope
that some plan may be devised now
that in the next two years may result
in a raeasore; of general relief from
conditions which are inequitable op
pressive and unjnst. ?
Taxation of Lands Which : Have S4
,' eaped Taxation. ,.
There ar many thousands of aeres
of land in the state which, have never
been placed upon the assessmat rolls,
and which have in consequence escaped
taxation. This y may have happened
through many causes, bnt mainly for
two reasons- Hrst,f because grantees
from tbe government, federal and state,
hare purposely, withheld theif deeds
from record ; second, because assessor?,
through lack ' of present' ownership
books, fail to 1 find all the property in
their respective counties. It i ques
tionable if under our laws an assessor
or sheriff can assess and collect taxes
on property fof sereral ; years ante
dating their terms of office. Laws con
ferring this power anon assessors hare
been sustained - by t he courts of other
states, and I recommend the matter ta
four earnest attention, and predict that
wiib a im io lorc uuiuuruiuj tun iir
lassment ef property that has escaped
taxation for atiy number of years back,
the revenue of -tbe state will be very
materially increased. .
Taxation of Futlic - Service . Corpora-
tiona. , - f .
- Taxation for state' pnrpese ought to
be diroreed as.ar as possible from
that for county and municipal purpose.
To that end," in many states, -methods
have been successfully resorted -to for
relieving real as well as personal prop
erty from taxation to neet the expenses
of the administration of the affairs of
the state. At the last regular session
of the Legislature, progress was made
in the ight ; direction by., the passage
of the inheritance tax law and the cor
poration license law."' There may be in
equalities in tbejJe" that will need ad
justment, but the general purposes of
ootn are most excellent. .During the
sixteen months the inheritance tax law
has been in force, $6626.93 has been
paid into the statejtreasury thereunder,
while under the latter law 191.615.87
has been eollectetl. These amounts are
likely to increase each vear as the state
grows in population. In addition to the
amounts thus realized, insurance com
panies during the vear 1903 paid 7.-
363.21 license fees and $38,036.19 taxes
on net premiums collected, and for 1904
7310.51 lieenso fees-. The tax for tbe
latter year will not -' be due until
March I next. - Of the license fees col
lected forty per" cent- is paid to the
secretary or state as fees under section
3724 Bellinger and Cotton ' Code, while
only sixty per eent thereof is paid into
the treasury. r
11 he taxes realized from these three
sources show what ia possible t- be
done for purposes of state other than
by levying a taxi, upon the- assessed
valuation, of the property of the state.
But a step further should be taken to
reach a class, of property that prac
tically escapes taxation. . I refer to
tne taxation of the franchises of ex
press, telephone, teleeraph, Pullman
car and other similar public service
companies. Different methods of taxa
tion for these corporations have been
resorted to in the several states, but
from an examination of a number of
statutes, it is impossible to deduce any
general' principle for adoption. The
secretary of state, who has piven the
subject much thought, suggests in his
biennial report that a tax upon the
gross earnings of these corporations
might ne , the , simplest form . of taxa
tion. I heartily join with him ia the
recommendation that an act be passed
st this session to compel these com
panies, 'own ik valuable privileges and
operating at a, large profit, to pay n
fair proportion of the expenses of gov
eminent. A tax upon the gross earn
ings, as in the case of insurance eom
panies. would, . as suggested by h
secretary of state; in all probability be
the simplest and best method or taxa
tion.
' ' Game and Forestry Warden.
. With the small appropriation allowed
him for game protection, the present
warden has done most excellent work.
If he has failed to patrol the entire
stare it is because-of the inadequacy
of the fund at bis disposal for-tbe em
ployment of deputies, but an examina
tion of, his report will show a greater
number ox prosecutions and convictions
than were ever had m the same length
of time. - .,. ... '. f " ,V,vV -.- 1
,itln order fully to protect the gatr.e,
more money most be provided, and the
waiden sus'eests a' means of raisins ,
revenue without exacting It from 'tho
taxpayers. The recommendations em-
btddled,,in his teport are worthy of your
very careful consideration. ...
State Board of Health, Dairy and Food
' , Commissicner, and State
Veterinarian. -'
This board has done excellent work
since its creation for tho protection of
the public health.- What was to have
been expected has happened, wherever
it has called attention to. unsanitary
conditions in the different portions of
the state. Demands made by it for the
betterment of unsanitary renditions 4rc
usually met by protests, but these de
mands invariably result in ood.
The offices f dairy and food com
missioner and state veterinarian ought
to be placed directly nnder the control
of the state' board of,. health.. In no
other war can these department, whir n
ought to at" in entire barnonv, be
brought together. As it is, T fear there
is a disposition on the part of each to
act independently of the others. .
I call vour attention to the reports
of these departments, for a detailed ac?
eount of the work done by each.
State Board of Agriculture.
Probably no factor has been more po-,
tent than the annual fairs conducted
nnder the auspices of the state ooard
of airricnltnre for improving the prod-
net nf field 2nd farm and the herds and
flocks of the state. Sot only the prod
ucts of the soil, but the Ji restock as
well from Oregon 'catered into success
ful competition witti all comers at the
recent exposition in St.. Louis, This
was a source of great gratification to
our people, in view of the fact that
this state was barely known to -many
of the exhibitors there. Keen competi
tion at the Oregon State Fair the psst
few years has been largely instrument
al in. bringing about these results, and
the Legislature cannot do too much 'a
the way of giving encouragement to
this important institution. Appeal will
be made to yon to relieve - the state
board of the difficulties which beset it.
The president has addressed a ''Com
munication ti each ol! rou, calling at-1
tention to his address, as "well as to
the report of the board. It must be
remembered that the Indebtedness now
existing against the I board, is one of
long standing, and that although the
last two fairs have been conducted at
a profit,.; these", promts have not been
available to applyonj the indebtedness
because of the necessity of keeping up
the improvements, putting in a water
svstem and making ijther betterment 1,
Tlie mortgage indebtedness mentioned in
the report of the board is one doe th?
irredncible. school fund, and really
amounts to a transfer from ' one ; de
nartmeat of : governntent to another.
There ehould be bo ? hesitation about
making the appropriation to meet thij
and such other demands as are -absolutely
necessary to place the board .'n
a position to successfully carry out the
purposes of its ereatjion; .
CWl-t Labor.
A law was passed at the last session
of the Legislature rejfuUticg the em
ployment of children land appointing a
board of inspectors of child labor to
carry out the proviiions of the act.
to serve without eombensatioa. There
was not even an appropriation made to
defray the actual expense incurred in
the WoT.k necessarily devolving npon
tbem. Nofesrithstandibg this fact, they
have -been - most diligent in the per
formance of their duties, and are en
titled to the hearty commendation of
their fellow citizens foir their xeal hi
this most important branch of-tbe pub
lie service.:
There can' be no rueized. robust eitf-
hrensbip unless tbe health and morals of
the youth are carefully safeguarded
txpenence teaches - us all that the
necessities. of the poor employe as well
as the reod of the rich employer in
various industrial enterprises, are mer
ciless in their demands, and without re
strictive - legislation, rigidly enforced,
l. .... 1 . ! .1 t f 1 .
K"is urt-iy in meir teens are
kept at work day and night in defiance
of the laws of health and of humanitr.
I call particular attention to the report
oi me rnKpeciors, ana earnestly recom
mend that the amendments to the law
. - ! - .. . ..
as proposed by them be' adopted at
mia session. , 1 ne amendments are
simple,: but if adopted wilrciVe the
inspectors greater power and broader
uiserenon man tney now nave, and will
materially aid them in carrying out the
purpose or tne law.
A smsll appropriation ought to be
made to defray the expense of- the
; The Fiahinsr Industry.
The report of the master fish warden
shows in .detail the transactions of the
department of fisheries for the past two
years, and ebows the condition of the
industry at the present time.
The. recommendations made by him
should reeeive your verv careful con
sideration, v
There is such a diversity of opinion
among those engaged in fishing, pack
ing and canning as to what legislation,
if any, is most needed for the promo
tion and protection of the industry In
this state, that it i impossible for one
not thoroughly acquainted with the sub
ject in all its details to -make any spe
cific recommendations. The conflict be
tween the upper and lower river fish
ermen nnd packers seems irrepressible
and irreconcilable, and' besides there is
a lack of uniformity between the laws
of Washington and Oregon, and these
conditions add to tbe difficulty of r
riving at a proper conclusion as to
what is best to be done in relation to
most important industry
Under these circumstances, I suggest
the appointment of a commission com
posed of men in no way connected with
the business of iishtng to take evidence.
eoLlect data, examine our ovmi laws and
those of Washington with instructions
to prepare a law and the. result of their
investigations, all to be presented for
the consideration of the next legisla
ture. It is my candid opinion that un
less this is done, nothing will ever be
accomplished in. tbe way of salmon
propagation and protection.
Labor Commissioner..
Demand has been made in rertsin
quarters for a repeal of the act creat
ing the bureau of labor statistics aud
inspector of factories and workshops.
The demand should be ignored. Al
ready thirty-two states have enacted
laws providing for the collection of sta
tistics of labor b mean' of original
investigation, and in addition to these,
the federal .bureau of the census, the
department of commerce and that of
the agricultural department are en
caged in tSe collection and publication
of labor statistics. These bureaus have
been largely responsible, for mueh leg
islation having for its purpose the pro
tection of the 'health of the laboring
classes generally and of the lives and
limbs of those engaged in hazardous
occupations. w
Present Employment of Convicts.
On the 1st day 0f February, 1899,
the then executive executed a Contract
ith Lowenbeng tc Goin? Company, 9
corporation, pursuant to " An act pro
viding for the employment of the con
victs in the state penitentiary," ap
proved February 23, 1S95, whereby he
leased to aaid- corporation the labor of
lOO convicts from January 1, 1899, to
July 29, 1905,' for tbe sum of' 35 cents
per day for each convict, and such fur
ther number at the-same price per man
as said corporation might require, or
the manufacture within the prison walls
commodities of like nature as it may
deem expedient."
The corporation ' pays 2000 per an-
nnm rar, rental for the foundry plant, i
and this lease expires at thevsame time I
as the contract for the labor of tbe
prisoners.
The report of the superintendent
shows in detail the earnings of tbe
convicts under the contract with said
corporation, and I respectfully refer
the Legislature to that report for ful
ler information. It will be noted that
both the contract for the labor of the
prisoners and tbe lease of the foundry
plant: expire July 29, 1905, and sone
action should be taken by yon in refer
ence to the matter. Tbe state owns
the plant, with the possible exception
of some of the patterns, about which
there may be a question, and at one
time unsuccessfully attempted to oper
ate the foundry. If vou should deter
mine that these contracts should not be
renewed at their expiration, some pro
vision should be made by law for dis
posing of the entire outfit used -in the
manufacture of stoves. .
I svazgest the appointment bf a com
mittee to inquire; and report as to ti-e
propriety of renewing the present coi-
tract, and it renewal is deemed advis
able, what -changer, if any, should be
made ia the terms thereof. Tbe price
paid for the labor of the convicts seems
small, but it is frequently overlooked
that tbe great majority of them are at
all times wholly unskilled in the work,
and by the time their services begin
to be of some value, their terms expire
ana new men face meir pieces, il in
vestigations into the subject lead me
to believe that our convict labor comes
less ia competition with free labor, ia
Oregon, at least, under the present sys
tem, than- in any other form of em
ployment. .".::''...' '
ork of some kind must be provided
for the- prisoners. This is demanded
from tbe standpoint of humanity, as
weu as necessity.., To permit tbem to
remain idle in the prison enclosure, and
to congregate and converse with each
other, would mean constant plotting for
escape, and would endanger the lives
of the guards and the property of the
state. To keep them confined in their
ceus would soon necessitate tbe trms
f er of many of them to the asylum and
others, to the hospital. I trust there
fore, that the eonsideraion. of this im-
Fortant question will be taken up by
ou early in the session, to the end that
a proper solution may te arrived "t.
Soad Building ltb Convict LaLcr.
' At the last, session of the Lefri;
12500, in addition to 749.S3 uuov
ed under a prior law, was approf-r... : i
for the improvement of certain i
leading from tbe penitentiary t i -several
state Institutions. After c .
sultation with the superintendent it v
decided to improve and rebuild the r,.-.. I
leading to the; reform school, n lUta:..
of four or five miles. The . work v, i
done principally by convicts, though a
few teams were hired from fanners in
the neighborhood of the road. Tii
amount appropriated was Snsufiicient to
hnish this piece of road bv top-dre.Si5 2'
with emsbed rock and rolling the .t -u
ia order to make it 'first-class in evtry
particular. But it is conceded .to 1 o
one of the cheapest and best construct
ed pieces of road in' the state, and t L-)
attention of tho Lrgrslature is particu
larly called to it. It ii to be hoped that
as many of the members of the Le:
lature as can iHJiibly do o will r-Je
out and inspect this work.
employment of Convicts on Boads.
What to do with tbe convicts of .tho
state has Wen a serious Question it
only here but elsewhere, and it is olj
which is easier for the theorist to solro
than for the practical man of allairs
who comes in actual contact with exit
ing condition. Various expedionltt
have been resorted to in the hope that
the' product of their labor may coin
pete as little as possible with that xf
free men. Before becoming intimately
acquainted with the kind and character
of men confined in tbe penitentiary in
his state I inclined tie tbe opinion tl.;t
all or nearly all of tbe convicts might
be utilized upon the public highwarsr
and under certain conditions, limita
tions and restrictiofts this might le
feasible.' In some of the states it l.as
been tried, particularly in tho South, -but
only with partial success. There,
those serving sentences for crime nrs
of an entirely different type -of crim
inal from those Incarcerated in the
Western prisons. They are not of the
desperate or dangerous class, but in
many instances men who fare as well
if not better within the prison wails
than they do on the outside, and are
not anxious to leave even when their
terms have expired. . The consequence
is that even with n small number vi
guards and insecure places to house tie
prisoners at night at long distances
from the prisons, there are few at
tempts at escspe. With ns, it. is safe
to say, that a small percentage of tho an
confined in the penitentiary could be
entrusted outside tbe walls without a
stronjr. force of well armed guards and
steel portable cells in which to confine
them when not at work. A much larger
percentage of ,them are sullen, desper
ate and danteroui miy, who would not
hesitate to take life, if the chances
were anywhere even for successfully
eluding the guards. (
1 suggested to the last session of the
Legislature( that the proper steps be
taken for securing comprehensive data
on this subject as" a basis for the en
actment of a. law adaided to the con
ditions in this state, but no action was
taken in the premises. The subject is one
fraught with many diflicultles and dan
gers, and radical Icgbtiation should
never be ventured upon without thor
ough investigation and consideration. I .
have thought it would be wise to ap
propriate a sum of money as was done
two-years ago for tbe improvement of
some of tbe roads in the neighborhood
of the Rtate Capitol, utilizing as far
as possible convict labor in conjunction
with sueh facilities as tbe county au
thorities would furnish. In this way.
an object lesson can be supplied for
future guidance. In addition to this.
a 'law might be passed providing for
utilizing aome of the eoavieta upon thn
pntJie roads oat the reouiaition of any
county desiring them, the cost of main
tenance to be paid by such eountr. The
cost would not be great, and tbe result
would fully compensate for the outlay. ,
To send a large number of convicts far
from the penitentiary would neeessitste
the construction of portable steel cell
where they could be safely confined
when not at work, and an appropria
tion would have to be made for that
purpose. To minimize the danger of
escape, double time might be ivcn to
leach prisoner for faithful service while
l o einsragcd. - - .
A. measure framed along these lines
when given a fair trial wouM test the;
svAilaMIitf.of prison labor on tho pub
lic highways, and if fount! feasible and
profitable it eould be extended to meet
conditions as occasion may require.
Rtate Prlntlnav ; -
At the last session of the Legislature
$50,0fk) was uppTanrintetl tor pul'ie
printing, paper and binding. This 1.3
been exhausted. At the close of t!
fiscal-, year there was a deficit cf
$70GO."2, and this will be increased to
about 16,000 before the end of th bi
ennial term, and covers psper and bin 1
ing as well as printing. There are twrf
ways by, which this enormous exper-
may.be reduced. First, a lower taflt
of fees should be fixed by law now, tr
take effect at the termination of t; v
present incumbent's term. This v
of course, not afford present, but future
relief. Kecnd, much of the printir .
now required to be done could bolo; r 1
off without in any wsy 'impairing tl
public service. This latter course wi.'I
afford immediate as well as future re
lief against this exorbitant charo. '
It must not be forgotten that t.
schedule "of fees chafed by the (-..'.
printer was fixed more tLan. tv, ' -' -
years ago, and it is a well known f t
that since that time, though there 1
been no reduction in the wag.s j i
to printers, there has been a deelir.-? t
the cost -of work necessary to be
because of improved machinery - ;
changed conditions.
I earnestly call your attention t,i t ,
matter, and Suggest that soma !
tion be had at this scsion to
the expense of this department of
. .-Salaxtea for Bute onctrs, "
The platforms of all partus i t
last state election declared in f.iv -placing
all state Kleers on Lxr--t
aries, and the payment of ft-t it
earned by them, into the Flat r
In my last messafre to the L-
I urged as strongly as I l.r.- s
faithiul performan" of tl.'' "i 1
voluntarily made by rartv r
and impliedly if not ex; rc
(Cor.tIt.aed a p? c,