Vernonia eagle. (Vernonia, Or.) 1922-1974, April 13, 1934, Page 4, Image 4

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i that the rulers want ignored and prints
I only what they want printed. Such a con-
| dition exists in Russia, where newspapers
are merely propaganda sheets for the so­
viet regime, and in Germany, where the
only opinions tolerated are those which
uphold the Hitler government. In both
Entered as second class matter August 4, 1922, at countries the government issues its pro­
the post office at Vernonia, Oregon, under the
paganda, and a press compelled to be ser­
act of March 3, 1879.
prints it.
Isuued Every Friday
$2.00 Per Year in Advance
Temporary rate ..................................... $1.50 a year
Six months .......... 75c
Two years ........... $2.50
Advertising rates—Foreign, 30c per inch; local,
28c per inch; legal notices, 10c per line first in­
sertion. 5c per line succeeding insertions; classi­
fied lc per word, minimum 25c first insertion.
15c sin reeding insertions; readers, 10c per line.
RA Y D. FISHER, Editor and Publisher
Freedom of the Press
J. H. Sell in a communication published
in last week’s Eagle wrote, “As the press
is now licensed it can print only what
those in power want printed.”
A few months ago there was among
newspapermen a widespead fear that just
such a situation as Mr. Sell describes
would follow from bringing the press un­
der the NR A, and vigorous were the pro­
tests. No one cherishes more tenaciously
the right of freedom of the press than do
the people of the press themselves.
Whether the protests were effective or
the fear was groundless this newspaper
has no information. At any rate the press,
though compelled like other industries to
conform with its code, is still free. The
graphics art code, for instance, under
which the smaller newspapers operate,
has much to say about wages, hours of
labor, and other items involved in the pro­
cess of publishing a newspaper and oper­
ating a job printing plant but nothing at
all as to what the newspaper shall print
or not print. Nowhere is any authority
conferred upon the government to put a
newspaper out of business because the
views it expresses do not meet with of­
ficial approval. The editor can still say
what he thinks, with only the same mo­
tives to deter him that have been effec­
tive ever since he first daubed printer’s
ink on his fingers—desire to keep out of
libel suits and disinclination to enter into
controversies that would injure his busi­
ness standing. These have nothing to do
with the NRA.
For the government to have adopted any
policy of licensing newpapers that would
force editors to surrender control over their
news or editorial columns would have been
disastrous to liberty. Tyranny’s most pow­
erful ally is a press that dares not pro­
test against injustice, suppresses news
FRIDAY, Al’IRL 13, 1934.
“We Are Not Going Back !— President
To say that the administration in our
own country has refrained from propa­
ganda and has left the press to find out its
own facts in its own way would be far
from the truth. To judge from an editor's
mailbox, publicity agents for this or that
aspect of the new deal appear to be thick
as flies. The point is, however, that the
editor can do as he pleases with the ma­
terial. He may publish it if he cares to,
or he may fling it into the wastebasket
and write instead a scathing editorial
about sovietizing the United States.
The press in America, thank fortune, is
still free.
----------- §—§—§-----------
A Worthy Ideal
The late A. E. Veatch, upon the occa­
sion of his retirement from the editor­
ship of the Rainier Review" a year and a
half ago, wrote that there had never been
a time when he consciously put profit
above principle. He indeed often renounced
profit that he might follow what he believed
to be principle, for he was outspoken even
to the detriment of his business interests.
One need not have agreed with Mr.
Veatch’s views nor assume that sincerity
necessarily requires the same degree of
outspokenness that he possessed to admire
his courage and his devotion to his con­
victions. His was a worthy ideal, and he
followed it consistently.
----------- §—§—§-----------
“Slot machines are plain mechanical lar­
ceny,” declares Mayor La Guardia of New
York. “The player has less than one chane«
in 1000 of winning a jackpot, and that only
if the machine is square.”
New York’s experience is worth thinking
One way to notoriety, if not to fame,
is to charge members of the “brain trust”
with being communists in disguise.
----------- §—§—§-----------
Now is the time when candidates for
office discover the country newspapers.
------------- §—5—§-------------
How does our Oregon summer strike
Ten Years
Ago 4 4 4 4
Vernonia Eagle, April 12, 1924
W. O. Galoway, Judge W. A.
Harris and Wm. Pringle met with
the county court and through
Mr. Galoway’s offer to accept the
warrants the county agreed to
pave the 16 foot center strip of
Bridge street provided the ad­
jacent property owners would
pave the sides.
* * *
C. Bruce patented in 1900 the
“Bruce Bull Frog Catcher.” By
means of a wire he attaches a
gun to a pointer, the barrel
pointing over the dog’s nose with
a wire attached from the trigger
to the dog’s tail. When the dog
points and the tail straightens
it’s a dead bullfrog.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. P. M. Nash were
hosts Saturday evening to the
staff of the high school annual.
The guests were Benita Parker,
Helen Brown, Lillian Condit, Er­
nest Narver, John Wharton, Wes­
ton Sheeley, Ray Mills and Hen­
ry Leavitt.
What Other Editors Say
In response to urge by many friends
Arthur Steele of Clatskanie has announced
himself a candidate on the republican tick­
et for representative from Columbia county
to the legislature. Among those who urg­
ed him, believes he will be elected and give
efficient and honorable service to Colum­
bia county is the editor of The Informant.
"Art” Steeie is editor of the Clatskanie
Chief and is now serving his fourth year
as mayor of Clatskanie. It was about a
year ago that the Informant had an article
as to the splendid financial condition of
Clatskanie city and stated that it would
soon be a “taxless city." This enviable sit-
If the “revolt against the president” on
the veterans bonus bill didn’t do anything
else, it will stop a lot of nit-wits from
claiming there’s a dictator in the White
House.—Medford News.
Intelligence is very much the knack of
knowing where to find out what one does
not know.—Exch.
George Baslington is reported
to have a contract to get out
clear poles for Victor Tory near
uation has been brought about to a large
extent by Steele’s business-like administra­
tion * * *.
He has been a resident of Clatskanie for
a number of years and knows the needs
of the county. In our opinion a better man
could not be chosen than Arthur Steele
and the county will be fortunate if he is
elected.—Columbia Informant.
Another girl, Amy Hughes,
joined ~the freshman ranks in
high school this week.
* * *
E. R. Treharne is building a
fine modern nine room residence
on his place at Treharne siding.
Art Steele Qualifies
For Legislative Post
The Koster Products Co. has
established a new camp at Tre­
harne. How soon active work
will start in the woods and on
the railroad win depend upon
market conditions.
Ray Emmott is building a resi­
dence on the sightly lot recently
purchased of C. A. Mills, facing
Rock creek. Mr. Mills will build a
residence joining Mr. Emmott's.
Josh Rose is building a resi­
dence on Rose avenue.
• * •
Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Hughes and
daughter have settled in Verno­
nia. Mr. Hughes is chief elec­
trician at the mill.
* • •
We will give it up. It is too
deep for mere man to solve. We
1 don’t know what is the matter
I with the women, but they cer-
tainly are falling for this bob­
bed hair craze.
The last chance for wheat
growers to obtain contracts un­
der the reopening of the allot­
ment benefit plan is April 15,
the date set nationally by the
wheat section of the AAA. No
formal campaign for additional
signers has been conducted but
the offer has been open now for
more than a month for those who
failed to come in under the plan
during the first campaign.
Oregon extension service of­
ficials have recently been noti­
fied from Washington that wheat
contract holders will be able to
speed up their second payment
by having available information
needed in filling out “proof of
compliance” blanks soon to be re­
quired by the wheat section.
Ten specific facts to be re­
quired include a record of 1933
wheat seeded and wheat harves­
ted, 1934 acres seeded and acres
abandoned, acres destroyed to
comply with contract, if any;
reason, if necessary, for seeding
less than 54 per cent of base
acerage; serial numbers of other
contracts if farm was entered as
joint compliance, acres of wheat
on other land not under contract,
serial numbers of other forms
under wheat contract, use of con­
tracted acres, use of commercial
fertilizer, and amount of wheat
processed for home use.
An important ruling as to
cropping privileges under the
corn-hog contracts was received
by the state college extension
service just one day after the
close of the sign-up campaign
in this state. This ruling permits
contract signers to plant oats for
green feed or hay without being
counted in as feed grains, as was
required under the first ruling.
Such oats must be well in ad­
vance of ripning and will be
counted in as total crop acreage,
the ruing stated.
Cattle, barley, rye and flax
are Oregon crops added to the
basic commodity list in the farm
act and hence come under the
restriction against increase ot
acreage or basic commodities or
numbers of basic livestock by
corn-hog contract signers. Any
increase made before the date
these were added is exempted.
The corn-hog state board of
review for Oregon is now organ­
ized and has started considering
the contracts submitted the var­
ious courfties