Tillamook headlight. (Tillamook, Or.) 1888-1934, April 28, 1922, Page 3, Image 3

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```    THE TILLAMOOK HEADLIGHT
The high frequency current is known
as the carrier wave and its function
, to rad.ate into space in the form of
electro magnetic waves and by its va­
riation in amplitude carry with it the
variation in the tone at the transmit­
ting station.
It is the frequency of the currier­
wave that determines »he wave-length
on which a radiophone station is trans­
mitted. By experiment It
it lies
has been
found that electro-magnetic waves
truvel at the same velocity that light­
waves travel, that is, ISC 000 miles per
second. Wave-length is the distance
between any two sin:!’. ■ points on two
successive waves; for example, the dis­
tance from crest to crest of any two
successive waves in the same direction,
measured in meters, a unit of length
equal approximately to one and one-
tenth yards. Converting 180,000 miles
to meters, the equivalent Is 300.000.000
meters. The length of an electro-mag­
netic wave is equal then to 300.0iM),000
divided by the frequency. Suppose a
station was transmitting on a wave­
length of 360 meters. The frequency
of the carrier-wave would be approxi­
mately 835,000 cycles.
Just as a violinist tunes his instru­
ment, that is, makes a certain string
euiit a note of higher or lower pitch,
or, technically speaking, a sound wave
of higher or lower frequency, by ad­
justing the tension on the string, so
may the electrical constants of the
antenna circuit of a radiophone trans­
mitter be changed In order to have
the station emit a carrier-wave of a
different frequency.
If a tuning fork havlng a natural
period corresponding to middle C be
placed near a violinist who is playing,
the fork will vibrate when the musi­
cian plays middle C, but all other times
it will remain quiescent. This phenom­
enon of the tuning fork vibHating
whenever the musician plays the cor­
responding note on the violin is known
as mechanical resonance. If a radio
its natural period of vibration will be
835,000 cycles (360 meters wave­
length) every time a station transmits
on a wave-length of 360 meters, cur­
rent will be set up In the receiver by
THINGS BEGINNERS
MUST LEARN FIRST
Explanation of Terms Used in
Principles.
Due to the great Interest taken in ra-
been started, many radio terms are
seen and heard that may be unfamiliar
to the novice. Some of the most com­
monly used terms are explained und
defined below.
Like light, heat and sound, radio
energy is propagated in the form of a
wave motion. Every one Is familiar
with the wave motion set up on the
surface of a still body of water by the
dropping of a stone into it.
Every time a point on the surface
of the waves goes through a complete
set of motions and starts to repeat
those motions the wave is said to have
gone through a cycle.
The number of complete cycles gone
through per second is the frequency.
The human ear is responsive to
sound frequencies up to a few thousand
cycles per second but is not capable of
responding to the higher frequencies
frequency of less than 10.000 cycles
has been called an audible frequency
—one which can be heard—and fret
quencles above 10,000 cycles, radio or
inaudible frequencies—because they
cannot be heard by the human ear.
The particular type of wave which
propagates radio energy is an electro­
magnetic wave. All of us have seen
bits of Iron and steel attracted by the
little toy magnets made up in the form
of horseshoes. This attraction of the
x magnet for the bits of iron and steel
Showed the existence of a magnetic
VUk believe ZEROLENE is the
the modem automobile engine
If it were possible to makea
better oil than ZEROLENE
this company would make it
head of the National Guard of Ore­
gon and who has announced him­
self as a candidate for election to
the position of governor at the com­
ing primaries, is not a man of
words, believing rather in action.
Those who heard him speak at the
meeting Friday night were impress­
ed with the unassuming but serious
way with which he treated his sub
ject; and he certainly did not ap­
pear to be the trained j politician
that is usually expected to > be after
the governor’s chair.
In brief Colonel White’s platform
is as follows: Less state expendi-
ture; consolidation of commissions;
immediate plans for retiring state’s
indebtedness; control Japanese own­
ership of land; stimulate progress
in Oregon.
Colonel White has nothing in his
published platform definitely con­
cerning the Roosevelt highway, but
he confided his ambitions for this
project in the ear of a reporter la­
ter.
“I’ve traveled over nearly all the
coast country from the Columbia
river to the California line", said
Colonel White, “and I’ve never
seen a country so rich in natural
resources any place else, The Roose-
velt highway would open this vast
amount of undeveloped country to
the world.”
“There is another aspect of the
situation that also interests me.
That is the valuable aid such a
highway-would give to the military­
preparedness program of the gov­
ernment”, continued the Colonel.
Contrary to some belief, Colonel
White is not trying to use his ser­
vice in the army as a drawing card
for votes. “I wish people would
forget that I ever was in th“’army”,
slid he, "I ask support simply on
my reputation as an executive aryl
no more.”
*
’ —— —- —- —
ñt £RN ational
Amateur Racio Operators Erecting Aerial on the Roof.
field about the tips of the magnet and
this same kind of a field propagates
the electro-magnetic force, except that
unlike the toy magnet, its power comes
off in the form of wavy motions. This
electro-magnetic force propagates ra­
dio energy in nil directions.
The medium that transmits the elec­
tro-magnetic waves Is the same me­
dium that transmits light—the ether.
This medium is supposed to fill an
space, even that occupied by fluids and
solids. Little Is known about Its prop-
ertics.
In radio it is more common to speak
of wave length than frequency. The
wave length of any wave motion is the
distance between any two succesmve
crests in the same direction. Tie
wiire length depends upon the rr<
quency. If the frequency is high the
wave length Is short. On the other
hand If the frequency is low the wave
length is long. Numerically the ware
££h is equal to the distance t „v
eled bv the wave In one second divided
bv the frequency. Suppose, for x-
y ¿/thntlt were desired to know
ample,
piectro-magnetfc
the wave length of an eit
wave having a frequency
cycles. Electro-magnetic so •
at the same speed as do light
that is. 1MVW' ^'/^¿¿Tthe uave
viding the 1W* ”^Xs or **
length «-ouhl be ™ • measured
yar<’\ « ” meVe • Xml to i-p-
ln meters. A meter
proximately 1-1 ?
e length
vnrds into meters the
or 300
K
rtw kora
flat the electro-magn.^11
out from this station
- Z»™
fn><]U
HOOP and Lww n
a7d jjr.Hmd «ya
nected to an an
f electro-
tem that energy
magnetic
w|rp method of
ond. there mu
' frequen •» '•urreat
controlling this b
variations
electrical resonance. Stations trans­
mitting on any wave-length other than
360 meters will not cause a current
to be set up in the receiver.
changes the wave-length at which it
Is electrically resonant is called a
tuner. Suppose that "A" station trans­
mits on a wave-length of 200 meters
and "B" on a wave-length of 360 me­
ters. By adjusting the tuner until the
constants of the receiver make It elec­
trically resonant to a 200-meter wave
or a 360-meter wave, either of the two
stations can be picked up. hut both
stations cannot be picked up simulta­
neously. This is the reason that more
than one transmitter can be operating
nt one time and yet only one can be
heard on a receiver without Interfer­
ence from the others.
The other necessary part of a radio
receiver is the detector. The function
of this portion of the receiver Is to
utilize the small currents In the tuner
that are set up by a transmitting sta-
, tlon and make them audil»|e through
the n dium of a telephone receiver. If
dlrectlv to the tuner tbe high-frequency
I current would not operate the dla-
pbragm of tl.e recei ,-er and even if the
diaphra jrm were set in motion ft would
be too font a motion to be picked up
'
_
I by the hutr □an ear.
In a simple re* reiver the detector tt>
___ of ■ tw
irò pieces of mineral
ually consists
’ in
’- co«.
contact
— or a piece of mineral in < <>m
tact with « metafile spring. E ther
I combination 1« known as a crystal de­
tector A detector of this type Is noth­
ing more than a rerftttvr; th.t Is. when
I an alternating corrupt is applied st tbe
texmuiaU the current Is allowed to
J flow only • in one
- - — -J direction.
l m 1 1 — « t » k w
The editor of a P»P*r
"" '**
l„ttl town In the northwest 1« n»lng
the radio In a most ingéni a» «»d ef­
fective u«y An «amateur radio friend
ma big city 50 mile sway buy. the
editions of the city P«I*rs as
so.«, ss they are off the pre-, reed,
best new. into hi. transmitter. and
a typist in the country office coptee
ne«» a» it comes in over the office re-
The editor tbrougbjhi. £
genl-i. plan. I» al’-n
W1“
the Latest” la Ms home town.
Alber*
Cart fully
aoal'4
cylindrical
canon
inauro»
abaoluta
sanitation
Flapjack
- Flour
Groceri
Albert
Flapjacks
Albers
Cl
Qstlify
the
hotcakes
of the
West
«» mm
------ —
The President of the Standard Oil Company (California),
author of the statement quoted above, is right in believing
that Zerolene is the best motor oil made. The lubrication
engineers of this company have proved it repeatedly, by means
of thousands of dynamometer and road tests of Zerolene
and competing oils.
The reasons for Zerolene’s superiority are: First, that the
Standard Oil Company (California) possesses resources of
crude oil and of manufacturing equipment and personnel
that arc unsurpassed in the entire petroleum industry. Sec­
ond, that the engineers and chemists of this company have,
from the beginning, been given carte blanche to make full
use of these exceptional resources, ami to spend all the
time and money needed to develop a lubricant ideally suited
to the needs of the modem internal combustion engine.
At the President’s request, we are undertaking to tell the
motorists of the Pacific Coast the story of Zerolene. Wc
shall do this by means of a series of signed statements in
the public press. These statements will set forth in plain lan­
guage the requirements of an efficient motor lubricant, and
the detailed reasons why Zerolene meets these require­
ments perfectly
‘HELLOFF" IS POSTOFFICE
The west is celebrated for its sin­
gular nomenclature, The state map
is shot over with all kind* of
The
Indian
name',
ridicttl >us
names are all ; lght and ought
They leave a pleasing
to stay,
as» ’Hell’s
Half
such
names
Acre". "Louse Creek", and similar
names of localities, hamlet< and
towns, are, to say the least, undigni­
fied, when We come to consider them
in the light of. state pride.
“Helloc”is a struggling little settle­
ment about seven miles south east of
Mohler, and a man has been found
who claims to have knowledge
of the origlD of the name which
the postoffice department at Wash­
ington has established as the gov­
ernment name of the hamlet, al­
though It has another name, Snark.
The man who bestowed the name
Snark, evidently was a reader of
Jack
London’s
Action
proba­
bly didn’t like the name “Helloff”.
In fact, there seems to be a sort of
neighborflood one spring in the early
origin of "Helloff’’. The story goes
that a German walked into the
neighborhood on spring In the early
days, looking f or a stray home­
stead to settle upon. All day he
walked up and down hill, following
a dim trail, and the yellow soil
cling tenaciously to his boots and
the rain soaked him to the skin.
Long towards evening, he came to a
settler’s home where he was put up
for the night. The next morning
he was asked how he liked the set­
tlement. "Veil”, replied the Teu­
ton, as he gazed meditatively down
the rainy trail."de most what” I can
say about it is. Its vun helloff a
goundry.,. Hence the name.
— O*------ ---------- H mm
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
(to^^Ua)
THANKS
CARD
We wish to thank the friends and
neighbors for their kindness and
sympathy, also for the beautiful
floral offerings during the sad be­
reavement of our loving wife und
mother,
W. N. Dye and family, Mrs. O. W.
Kinnarnan and family, Mary Dye
and family.
NOTICE
OF
CONTEST
DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR
United Stites Land Offlce
Portland, Ore., Apr. 6, 1922.
I'o Heirs of Albert R. Batchelder,
Blaine, Oregon,
deceased, of
Contesiees:
You ate here ¡by
ence B. Cliappe til.
Tillamook Couu y, Oreg
poSt-Otfir.** a*ld
15th, 1922. ti c
duly- eoirobora
contest and sec
25tb. 1919. by Albert R. Batchelder,
deceii.- d. for NMH of SW>4, 8EJ4
of NWIi, and : W ‘A of NB‘4, 80
tion 4, Townsb p 4 South, Range 1
West, Willamette, Meridian, and as
ground tot bls eontvM he allege«
that said Aloert R. Batchelder died
In tho State of Oie&uii oa or about
the 22rd day of October, 1920; that
at the time of bis death be was not
engaged in t]>e military or naval
service nt the United States during
any war in which the United Stat.«
was engaged; that since he made
said entry on September 25th, 1919
be bad not been engaged or employ­
ed in the military or naval service
of the United States; that he
never served in
the military
or 1 naval servie« of th* Unit*!
Stat* ea during any war In which
the United States was engaged;
that
he
never
settle
ment
resided
thereon before he made said entry;
that he lived on said land less than
one year after he made said entry;
that be did not comply with the
law so as to entitle him to n patent
for said land,and his default therein
was not due to bls employment in
the military or naval service of the
United States; that his heirs are
unknown and their places of resi­
dence are unknown to contestant
and after due and diligent inquiry
said heirs or their places of resi­
dence cannot be foundry him; that
none of said heirs
ever resided
on -aid land or improved It or culti­
vated any part thereof, and I hey
have wholly abandoned said land for
more than six months immediately
preceding the beglnlng of this con
test; that more than one year has
elapsed since the death of said en-
tryman; that the absence of said
het* t s from ■; id laml and their fail-
tire i to Improv 0 (J
ot and was not due to their •
nloy >ment In th" at my o navy of
United S ale« during any war
which the United Staes has
engaged.
You are, therefore^, further
fled that the said allegations
be taken as con’t js d, and your en­
try will he cance'«! wl’hcut farther
right- to be heard, either before tills
>fli e ot c a appt! 1, if yo.i a I to
tile in this offi c wllhln twenty days
after the F ourth r«*» • -1 on of
ibis notice, as shown below, your
posdlng to these allegations of con­
test, together with due proof that
you have served a copy ot your
answer on the said contestant either
In person or by registered mail.
the name of the poet offlce to which
you desire future notices to be sent
to you
Alexander 8week. Register
Det« cf first publication Apr. 14,
Date of 2nd publication Apr. 21,
Date of 3rd publication Apr. 23,
Date of 4th publication May I,
Our customers are taking advantage of our discounts
f
Are you one of them?
To our steady customers we offer:
5 percentdiscoiint on weekly accts
2 percent (Iiscount on monthly accts
We save you money by our discount offer
Try It and prove it.
CONOVER & CONOVER
OREGON
TILLAMOOK.
Teach Them N”w
IF there la anything that young people need more to learn
tho e days than the rational .«pending of money, we d like
to be told of It.
__ A
Anything that will teach them that It taken one hundred cents
to make a dollar is worth while, ami since it 1» as easy.to estab­
lish good habits ns bud. we suggest a •Nationalised Savings
Account as a starter for your boy or girl. Then constant en­
couragement and help will keep It growing.
DIRECTOR«
John Morgan
W J. Riechers
A. W. Bunn
B C. Lamb.
Henry Rogers
C. J. Edwards.
C. A Met, he..
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