Page 6 The INDEPENDENT, November 18, 2010 Can You Dig It? By Schann Nelson Columbia County Master Gardener In this cold and dreary time I have great trouble manifesting the chores I know need to be done into reality. Perhaps, if I begin with a brief outline of what needs to be done it will motivate me to accomplish. More likely it will serve as a list of stuff to re- member to do before winter, most of which won’t get done. Clean up perennial beds and mulch to clear working area under larger shrubs and trees. Prune excess growth on established landscape and fruit trees to shape winter growth. Remove any remaining pome (apples, pears, and quinces) fruit. Determine if fungal diseases such as black spot, scab or powdery mildew are present. [More later.] Find all the garden tools. Dry, clean, oil and sharp- en as necessary. Continue shaping garden beds by raking dirt up- heavals (from the moles who come to eat the worms) and other material that migrates into what you want to be pathways. In the likely event that one or more of the fungal dis- eases IS present, decide what level of disease you can tolerate and how much resource you can put into dis- ease control. All of these options were selected from the 2004 edition of Least Toxic and Organic Pesticides for Gardeners, OSU Extension Master Gardener Pro- gram. An exception is this note about neem: Neem oil has become very popular as a broad spectrum fungi- cide and insecticide. I’ve found it effective, but expen- sive and terrible tasting, though it advertises that you can use it up to the day of harvest. Now I save it for in- door infestations of spider mites and white flies. In the past, I’ve sprayed dormant oil over all the leaves I could find on the ground, trying to hit that ‘dor- mant’ period, but without early pruning and shaping.This year, I’d like to hack away at overgrowth now, and spray a low toxicity product such as lime sulfur (calcium poly- sulfide) mixed with a horticultural oil (may be petroleum- , fish- or vegetable-based) before putting up the Christ- mas lights, instead of after. Since I have so many plants that harbor fungal diseases over the winter, AND if I were very concerned about further significant disease reduction, I might consider a second or even third spray before spring. Also I haven’t sprayed anything other than summer oil for a couple of years. One of the trickier things to unravel is the mecha- nism of action of the products available. Since you are actively trying to disrupt the life cycle of your target pest, knowing when it’s most vulnerable can make treatments more effective. For instance, horticultural oils work by smothering mites, eggs and insects, but degrade rapidly, thus are pretty much effective for in- sects and mites only if you get a direct hit. However, they also provide an anti-fungal protective effect by physically disrupting fungi, interfering with attachment to the host, and destroying fungal cell walls. This makes both the heavier dormant oils and the lighter summer weight oils an attractive weapon with very low toxicity. If I add lime sulfur, I can expand the spectrum of diseases affected with a contact poison that will con- tinue to work along with the oil. Later, in the winter, I could follow up with a copper spray to use up the chemicals I have on hand. This stuff is described as “highly toxic to humans and fish through ingestion or inhalation” so I’ll have to suit up completely. It further extends my arsenal to include a bactericide. It kills spores by disrupting enzymes, so should have an ex- tended period of action. Be aware that the word “organic” on a pesticide la- bel means almost nothing. Read the fine print to make sure you are getting the least toxic product that you want and not something else. Of course, you will follow all package directions in regard to safe application of any product you choose. It’s nice that so many things are available, premixed and ready to use for homes Want to play in the snow? Get a Sno-Park permit before you go As fall quickly turns to win- ter, it’s time to prepare for your favorite winter activities. Oregon’s Sno-Park program helps provide snow removal at about 100 winter recreation parking areas (Sno-Parks) across the state. Sno-Parks ex- ist in most of Oregon’s moun- tain passes and in most ski, snowmobile and snow play ar- eas. A list of areas designated as Sno-Parks is available at www.tripcheck.com under “Tra- vel Center.” If you park in a Sno-Park be- tween November 1 and April 30, you need a valid Sno-Park permit displayed in the wind- shield of your vehicle. There are three types of per- mits: a $25 seasonal permit, a $9 three-day permit good for three consecutive days, and a $4 daily permit. All DMV offices and permit agents at winter re- sorts, sporting goods stores and other retail outlets sell these permits. Private agents can charge an additional serv- ice fee. A list of permit agents is available at www.tripcheck.com under “Travel Center.” To be- come a Sno-Park permit sales agent contact DMV, Vehicle Mail at 503-945-7949. The seasonal permit also is available by mail from DMV. Send a written request with your return address, phone number, and a check or money order to DMV, Vehicle Mail No. 1, 1905 Lana Avenue, Salem OR 97314. Parking in an Oregon Sno- Park without a permit may re- sult in a fine, so be sure to ob- tain a permit and display it on your vehicle. and gardens. You may notice that my spraying schedule diverges wildly from what you might read on a product label, particularly a dormant oil spray. I really am saying, start NOW! You’ll have a hard enough time finding a day that meets the necessary criteria: reasonably sunny and dry, calm and not windy, well above freezing, and when you have the time, the equipment and the ener- gy to do it! Beyond those mundane considerations, we simply do not share a climate with most of the rest of the country. There is always something growing, usu- ally growing a lot, in every season. Recommendations that assume a dormant winter period when everything is frozen and sere, are difficult to interpret at best, and often simply don’t apply. Spraying things in your yard has gotten a bad rep – with a little attention it can be an easy and effective way to encourage the environment, wherever your small corner of earth is. If it sounds like I spray all the time it is only because I am writing about what I COULD do if I had the resources and the desire. Since the sun has actually come out for the first time in days I think I’m going to go prune or rake or, yes, possibly even SPRAY something! Church Directory V ERNONIA F OURSQUARE C HURCH S T . M ARY ' S C ATHOLIC C HURCH P IONEER B APTIST F ELLOWSHIP Carl Pense, Pastor 850 Madison Avenue, Vernonia 503 429-1103 Sunday Worship Service: 10:30 a.m. Children’s Sunday School Rev. Luan Tran, Administrator 960 Missouri Avenue, Vernonia 503 429-8841 Mass Sunday 12:00 Noon Religious Educ. Sunday 10:30 a.m. John Cahill, Pastor 939 Bridge Street, Vernonia 503-429-1161 Sunday School 9:45 a.m. Sunday Morning Worship 11:00 a.m. Thursday Prayer 7:00 p.m. S EVENTH D AY A DVENTIST V ERNONIA C OMMUNITY C HURCH Larry Gibson, Pastor 2nd Ave. and Nehalem St., Vernonia 503 429-8301 Morning Worship, 11:00 a.m. Sabbath School 9:30 a.m. 957 State Avenue, Vernonia 503 429-6790 Sunday Worship 9:45 a.m. Children’s Church (Blast!) 10:15 a.m. Nursery 10:15 a.m. High School Youth 6:00 p.m. Wednesday Prayer 6:00 p.m. Preschool: Open House soon A SSEMBLY OF G OD Wayne and Maureene Marr 662 Jefferson Ave., Vernonia, 503 429-0373 Sunday School 9:45 a.m. Morning Worship 11:00 a.m F IRST B APTIST C HURCH 359 “A” Street, Vernonia 503 429-4027 Sunday School 9:45 a.m. Sunday Worship Service 11:00 a.m. Wednesday Prayer Meeting 7:00 p.m. V ERNONIA C HRISTIAN C HURCH Sam Hough, Minister 410 North Street, Vernonia 503 429-6522 Sunday School 9:45 a.m. Sunday Worship 11:00 a.m. (meets in Youth & Family Center) Home Group Meeting throughout the week at various locations N EHALEM V ALLEY B IBLE C HURCH Gary Taylor, Pastor Grant & North Streets, Vernonia 503 429-5378 Sunday School 10:00 a.m. Morning Worship 11:00 a.m. Nursery available Wednesday Service 7:00 p.m. C HURCH OF J ESUS C HRIST OF L ATTER D AY S AINTS Marc Farmer, Branch President 1350 E. Knott Street, Vernonia 503 429-7151 Sacrament Meeting, Sunday 10 a.m. Sunday School & Primary 11:20 a.m. Relief Society, Priesthood and Young Women, Sunday 12:10 p.m.