The Klamath news. (Klamath Falls, Or.) 1923-1942, April 24, 1941, Page 1, Image 1

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24 houra to I p. m. Traoa
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Associated Press TtUniti. MBA Telepho
toe and a live local uwiplctuia and e
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readers with comprehensive pbotog repk
la service.
Vol. 18, No. 130 Price Five CenU
(Every Morning Except Monday)
-,:;-rIn 'Th3-
i Days
AS to tha altuatior. In Craaca,
which today dominates ALL
tha news, keep thil In mind:
It lin l aa bad a tha German
dispatches picture it.
HITLER havlnf won tha battle
of the Balkana (all but tha
mopping up) li seeking to terrify
tha Turki. tie hopea to frighten
them to the point where they
will abandon tha Britlih and
coma over to him. That would
open to him the land route to
So he la boastlnr mightily of
another Dunkerque By every
poMlblo trick ot propaganda he
la trying to (hatter furkish (and
Runlan) belief in British pres
tige. "REECE is, ol course, another
Dunkrque. Bu a relative
ly SMALL one.
When the British (for reasons
not yet cletir) were deliberately
provoking Hitler into beginning
the battlo uf the Balkans, they
talked largely of lurce of 100,
000 to 300.000 in Greece Recent
dispatches indicate they had not
more than 74.000 men there
nrobably l.tsa than that.
Losa of an army of that size
won't fatally weaken Britain.
If any considerable part of the
have had In mind has been real
ized, the lnu can be written off
as an Investment.
TVHAT waa thla larger objec-
" tlva (If anyrT
This writer, who has NO in
side sources of information.
doesn't know. But one can t be
ahot for guessing.
Six wexks ago, when tha ad
venture in Greece was first con
ceived. Britain was almost
HOURLY expecting invasion.
She must have wanted vary
much to POSTPONE tha Invas
ion attempt In order to give
more time for American help.)
pledged under tha tvsse-lettd bUL4
to arrive . -t
Under such circumstances,
what would have seemed more
natural than creating DIVER
SION somewhere to delay Hit
ler's Invasion plans?
AS a boy, strolling through the
woods, you must at some
time or other havo come sud
denly upon a hen pneasam or
quail, seemlnglv crippled, flut
tering along Just out of reach.
If so, you probably gave chase.
Vnit rnli.ri almost LlV hands On
the seemingly helpless bird but
never quite it.
When you had been led suf
ficiently far away from her
THE Greeks, showing up Mua-
sollni. must ha-e irked Hit
ler terribly. Britain's little
'army, landed In Greece must
have added, to the provocation
especially after what had hap
pened in Africa.
The temptation to SMASH
them both, along with the up
start Yugoslavs, muat have been
great because HIMer KNEW
that any time he put his mighty
war machine in fui' motion no
aggregation of little nations, aid
ed by a puny British expedition
ary force, could s'and against
TT Is Just possible that In mov-
Ing In force to smash the ob
streperous Greeks and the up
start Yugoslavs and the reckless
ly bold little British army Hitler
may have been led away from
enough, maybe, to give time for
badly needed American aid to
reach Britain.
Once started rolling, his war
machine MIGHT roll on into
RUSSIA. History proves that
you' never can tell what world
conquerer will do.
' This, please remember, la
guesswork, pure and simple.
Only the hlstorluns, delving
among the records years hence,
can confirm or denv It.
AT least, it is a thought. If
Hitler's war machine
SHOULD keep rriling away
from BrltMln it will seem to
have been a reason-jble guess.
Looking Backward
By The Associated Press
April 23, 1040 Canadian a..d
French troops seize town of
Cratanffpn. 25 miles nnrth nf
Narvik, from Germans.
April 23, 1018 British re
cover trenches from Germans
in hard fighting at Ypres. -
President's Request
Followed by Union
Action by CIO Men
April 14 (UP) Secretary of
Labor Francos Parkins early
today certified the entire
bituminous coal dispute to tha
national defense mediation
board after collapse of Now
York negotiations for reopen
ing the mines la response to
President Roosevelt's appeal.
Southern ooerators In tha
Appalachian field announced
In New York last midnight
that their negotiations with
tha United Mine Workers
(CIO) were "hopelessly dead
locked" and that they were re
turning hero again to seek
certification of the contro
versy to the mediation board.
Miss Perkins acted at once.
NEW YORK. April 23 (UP)
The northern soft coal mine op
erators and the United Mine
workers (CIO) tonight agreed to
reopen Immediately mines
closed three weeks ago by a
work stoppage resulting from
failure to agree on a new wage
hour contract
Attitude of the southern min
ers was not known Immediately,
however. John L. Lewis, presi
dent of the UMW. said that "the
miners will not divide their
forces." rneaning that they
would not open the northern
mines without the southern
mines also being reopened.
The action followed a request
by President Roosevelt to oper
ators and workers to reopen
mines immediately.
A union statement said, "We
will recommend to our policy
committee complete acceptance
of tha president's proposal."
The northern operators,- who
(Continued on Page Two)
Bridges Arch
Labor Enemy
VP) A former communist who
once idolized Harry Bridges, tes
tified at the longshore leader's
deportation hearing today. "I
think he Is the greatest enemy
labor has today."
The witness. Robert Patrick
Wllmot of Portland. Ore., said
when he first met Bridges In Oc
tober, 1937, on the stage ot the
Norse hall In Portland, "I
thought ho was a great labor
"You don't think so nowT"
asked Aubrey Grossman of de
fense counsel.
"I certainly do not," Wilmot
The statement that he thought
the Australian was "the greatest
enemy of labor' was made in an
affirmative reply to Grossman'a
query of whether the witness
was hostile to Bridges.
He testified that he gained the
"clear Impression" at a top frac
tion meeting of the communist
party In the Lennox hotel in
Portland, on April 12, 1938, that
Bridgea would carry out the
meeting's decision that CIO rep
resentatives In Oregon should
be ousted from office.
Richard A. St. Clair, deaf 50
(Contlnued on Page Two)
Speedy 'Mosquito' Boats
Ready for Great Britain
Secretary Knox said today that
about 20 fast naval motor tor
pedo boats were rvady for de
livery to Great Brltuln aa part
of the lend-lease program, and
possibly were on the way now.
Knox said the boats, capable
of speeds ot more than a mile a
minute, were to be shipped
across, ratuer than undertaking
the trans-Atlantic trip under
their own power.
More Bullying
The navy had 2H available,
Knox said, and the British were
supplied from these. Other
"mosquito" craft, mostly of
type 70 feet, long and able to
speed 70 oi more miles an hour
are under consideration.
Knox told his prers conference
also that the navy was negotiat
ing with Canada for construction
In Canada of number of- war
ships, probably ot tlie new Brit
Britain Wants
U. S. In War,
Says Lindy
NEW YORK, April 23 (UP)
Col. Charles A. Lindbergh told
an "America First" rally tonight
"it Is now obvious that England
is losing the war" but has "one
last desperate plan" to persuade
the United States to send an
other American expeditionary
force to Europe. -
He accused Britain of misin
forming the United States and
other nations "concerning her
state of preparation, her mili
tary strength, and the progress
of the war."
Rally Guarded
The rally was guarded by a
special detail ol uniformed and
plain clothes policemen. Dr. L.
M. Blrkhead, national director
of the Friends of Democracy,
Incorporated, had announced
beforehand it would be picketed
by members of his organization,
charging it would be "the larg
est meeting of pro-nazls and pro
fascista In New York since the
German-American Bund rallies
in Madison Sua re garden."
The crowd outside Manhattan
center, where the rally was held,
was so great that pickets could
not operate. Mounted police kept
hundreds of persons from ap
proaching. There were 5000 In
side the hall, including "Jafsie"
Condon, and it was announced
that there was an overflow of
In his speech Lindbergh held
"the United States Is not pre
(Continued on Page Two)
Two Proposals Now
Before House Group
To Raise Huge Sum
United Press Correspondent
Congressional' -ta$ -experts were
revealed today to neve'propnaed
new defense taxea that would
fall more lightly on low and
middle class 'incomes and more
heavily on large salaries than
those proposed in the treasury's
(3,400.000,000 revenue program
Both plans were being studied
by the house ways and means
committee which begins public
hearings tomorrow with Secre
tary of the Treasury Henry Mor
genthau Jr., defending h 1 a de
partment's recommendations. He
will be accompanied by one of
his aides. Assistant Secretary
John L. Sullivan, who shocked
members of the house group
Monday when he explained the
severe treasury tax program.
. High Gift Tax
' The alternative schedules ad
vanced by the congressional ex
perts would raise an estimated
(Continued on Page Two)
First Thunderstorm
Drenches Klamath
An April shower which
brought the year's first thunder
pattered the city Wednesday at
The rain broke after clouds
had piled up out of an early
morning clear sky but continued
for only about fifteen minutes.
By two o'clock streets were
again dry and old man sunshine
was again peeping out from the
edge of a retreating cloud.
The weatherman predicts
fair day for Thursday.
ish Corvette type, such as are
used to escort convovs
Any combat ships Canada
would build for the U. S navy,
Knox said might be turned over
to Great Britain under the lend
lease system. The decision, he
said, would be made when they
neared completion.
Aside from providing Canada
with needed dollar exchange,
Knox said the arrangement
would tend to reirforce United
States construction
He said the arrangement was
projected aa a part of the co
operative program worked out
last weekend between President
Roosevelt and Prune Minister
MacKenzie King of Canada. -'
To questions about American
aid Jo Brltnirl and 'he battle of
the Atlantic, Knox said he un
derstood that the larger and
faster cargo ships had been sail
ing independently to run the
gauntlet ot nazi U-boats and
bombers for some time.
Little Chance Given
British for. Escape
From Nazi Bombers
BERLIN, April 23 (JPt Claim
ing axis domination of all Greece
north of Thermopylae, a Ger
man spokesman declared tonight
that "the conquest of alt Greece
la practically-effected." ,
Earlier, authorized sources de
clared that tha German army
had crushed the British rear
guard at fabled Thermopylae and
that at least 230.000 Greeks had
surrendered to axis forces In the
Eplrus and Macedonian sectors.
The military spokesman
called the control of northern
Greece the "last act" in the in
tensive military campaign.
"What remains of the Greek
action is the energetic pursuit of
the British who are desperately
trying to escape," the military
Informant said.-
Ships Sunk
He asserted that British losses
already were approaching those
of the retreat from the r landers
plains at Dunkerque, France, 11
months ago.. .
"Another Dunkerque situation
is in full swing." he said.
Germans estimated that 132.
000 tons of British shipping had
already been sunk-off harbors of
Greece, including transports car
rylng retreating troops, as, the
Germans said. .-. ) ,1
- Geraiany's tuku,4 was gaedr
bad dive-bombed many to-itM
bottom. : '.- . . i
In addition, they said that 1
ships had been extensively dam
aged, many left In sinking condi
tion. ; "
- Nazi panzer unlta already
have passed through the historic
gateway of Thermopylae and ere
relentlessly pursuing the retreat
ing British In the direction of
Athens, these sources declared. ,
A less expansive communique
of the high command, however,
said simply that moves in Greece
were "proceeding according to
plan" and that "f-rces advancing
by way ot Lamia, further south,
compelled English rear guards to
fight at historic Thermopylae
Germans expressed confidence
that only small contingents of
Britain's expeditionary ' force
would ever see home again.
"Only the weather and God,
they added, could save the Brit
ish from annihilation.
"Our scouts are watching
(Continued on Page Two) -
Rising Australian
Discontent Seen
Over War Reverses;
LONDON, April 23 (UP
Lieut. Gen. Sir Thomas Blarney.
Australian commander in the
middle east, today was named
second in command to Gen. Sir
Archibald Wavell in an effort to
put down rising Australian dis
content over the conduct of the
war in Greece and North Africa
Australian laborite . leaders
and the press, warning of a pos
sible crisis there, are bitterly as
sailing the -British high com
mand for sending the hard-fight
ing "Aussles" up against the
crushing German .blitzkrieg in
Greece "without adequate sup
port." ' ;.
There were fears in nigh quar
ters "another Dunkerque" in the
withdrawal from Greece might
produce Australian political re
percussions Involving the; tall of
the Menzles government. t
Cash, Pledges for V
Pool Total $2350 ;
- Cash on hand In the municipal
swimming pool membership ef
fort totals $1225, while cash and
pledges now amount to , $2350,
according to David Bridge, city
recreational director..
Bridge called at'ention to i
coupon, appearing in The Herald
and News, to be used by persons
wishing to purchase swimming
memberships. . '
He said there is increasing In
terest in the membership angle
ot the swimming pool project. .
Surrenders To
, , KAvAAlmi;r;?i . , CA I
After two weeks of blitskreig. the main Greek army, numbering
capitulated to the axis and SO.000 square miles lost. Maps show
unee ana extent ot penetration
Peace if . Possible;
Nazis Take .-Islands
ISTANBUL, April 23 (UP)
The official Turkish radio re
ported without confirmation to
day German troops had seized
the island of Lemnos in the Ae
gean sea, less than 50 miles from
the mouth of the vital Darda
nelles. .
The report followed by a day
the disclosure by reliable sources
that Samothrace, , another stra
tegic Greek island 23 miles
north of Lemnos, had fallen to
nazi soldiers landed by speed
boats. '
ISTANBUL, Turkey. April 23
OP) Turkey prepared tonight
for any eventuality., guarding
against any attack from the axis
even though it was declared that
such a development was not ex
pected at present.
There was no official com
ments on reports that Germans
have seized Greek islands close
to Turkey, but officials in An
kara said their policy still is
peace if possible and war if Tur
key's independence is threat
(Prune Minister Churchill
acknowledged in London Tues
day the possibility that the Ger
mans had occupied the Greek
island of Samo Thrnke.)
Civilians Removed
Removal., of . many, civilians
from Istanbul as a precaution
was getting under way tonight
and soma wooden houses re
garded as fire traps were being
demolished ,
Foreign circles here held that
the ambitions of Bulgaria are
(Continued on Page Two)
City Takes Steps
To Buy Property
For Airport Job
Ordinances had been started
through the councilmanic mill
Wednesday for purchase of most
of the property in the city air
port expansion program, and
Mayor John Houston said it ap
pears total property cost in the
development will be about $30,
000. A city levy for the purpose
will raise about $68,000.
Deals are virtually closed for
all but three pieces of property,
and it now appears that condem
nation will be necessary on only
two, those belonging to the Kel
ley brothers. Options cover most
of the other property and action
taken 'oy the council at an ad
journed meeting Tuesday will
take up these options. - A board
of appraisal studied values of the
property for. the council.
Main Greek Army Surrendered
By oerman-itaiian lines.
RAF Attacks ;
Libyan Cities I
Held.By Axis
v feFZ;
k ' TAtRO. Egypt AprU 23 '0pp.
Raids on the now axis-held Lib
yan cities of Bengasi and Bares
were reported today by tha RAF
middle east command. Four axis
planes were said to have been
shot down overBritish-held To-
bruk. ,
The communique, covering ac
tion of the past 24 hours, said al
so that British fighters carried
out "successful" patrols over
Greece while ground defenses
shot down four German dive-
bombers and a dornier. -
The n&zl raid on besieged To
bruk was carried out by a large
force, the communique said, but
the "greatly outnumbered" RAF
fighters quickly shot down a
JU-87, two ME-109's and a G-50
and badly damaged several oth
ers. It was confirmed that In a
German raid on the same city
last Saturday four attacking
planes were destroyed by
ground fire
British fighters and bombers
retaliated with attacks on mech
anized forces throughout yester
day, the report said, machine
gunning troop-filled trucks with
"heavy casualties and much con
fusion to the enemy."
Impersonator Gets
Term in Prison
SEATTLE, April 23 (UP)
Federal Judge Lloyd L. Black
today sentenced Leon Behard.
who posed as former Turkish
army officer and G-man, to 14
months in McNeil Island federal
prison. .
He was convicted of Imper
sonating a government agent and
obtaining $30 from an unsus
pecting stenographer.
Witness Describes British
Attack on Tripoli Seaport
TRIPOLI, : LIBYA, . Monday,
April 21 (Delayed) VP) The
red hot guns of Britain's Med
iterranean battle fleet set Trip
oli harbor aflame today in what
officers said waa the biggest
and most spectacular bombard
ment ot naval history.
They pumped more than a
thousand tons of high explosives
into the Barbary coast base of
the Germans and Italians.
Fifteen-inch, 6-inch and 4.5
inch projectiles from the battle
ships . rumbled over the hlgh
bastloned Moorish walls of Mus
solini's last big African strong
hold, starting great fires, crush
ing enemy striking bases like
from 2 30.000 to 300.000. has
receding British-Greek defease
- .
Return 'Raid "of "Nazi
Bombers. Results: in
Fire s(; ; . Destruction
PLYMOUTH, England, April
23 UP) The luftwaffe smashed
at' Plymouth during the night
with a major raid for the sec
ond successive night, piling on
death and destruction in an al
ready hard-hit .city-.
The violent assault left many
fires blazing and caused consid
erable damage.
' Thunderous Damage '
The attacking planes, driving
through a thunderous anti- air
craft barrage, were . over the
coastal area until nearly dawn.
The assault started slowly, de
veloped into a shattering hail of
incendiaries and high explosives,
then died away.
After a lull, the droning bomb
ers and escorting fighters re
turned again in waves. Although
the attack was severe, the gov
ernment said it did not match in
intensity previous raids on this
Parachute flares were used at
first to light targets. After them,
the luftwaffe poured on bombs
ot all sizes. Homes, business
buildings, churches, hospitals
and theatres were hit.
With bombs exploding about
them, rescue crews worked hour
after hour to release persons
trapped in shelters. -
By daybreak, emergency feed
ing centers were being set up
for the homeless, and - special
convoys of food and supplies be
gan to pour in as the townspeople
went grimly about the task of re
storing conditions of normalcy.
egg shells and terrorizing the
The guns' scorching fire con
tinued steadily for 42 minutes
from 5 a. m., repeatedly scor
ing direct hits.
I was aboard the most pow
erful battleship of. the fleet,
close to the streaks of flame
from her powerful guns. They
turned blackness into light and
the one-ton shells ', rumbled
through the night with a noise
like a rushing subway train.
The huge shells exploded on
Tripoli with shattering force
and the entire seapor seemed
. Shells ripped Into the heart
of each of the battleships' des
ignated targets. Six axis ships,
(Continued on Page Two) ,
Government Leaves
Athens for Island
After Capitulation
BERLIN, April 23 (UP The
formal surrender of the main
Greek army numbering close to
300,000 troops became effective
at 6 p. m. today after the sign
ing of a document of uncondi
tional capitulation in a cere
mony near German-held Salon
ika. The surrendered Greek troops
of the armies of Eplrus and
Macedonia will be released and
sent back to their homes as soon
as hostilities In Greece are con-'
eluded, as Germany's and Italy's
gesture of tribute to their brav
ery, it was announced.
The surrender was signed at
2:45 p. m. and became in effect
three and a . quarter hours later.
The -surrendered Greek troops.
R was stated, will not be herded
into prison camps but will bo
"released Immediately In desig
nated areas immediately after
the conclusion of hostilities." -
The capitulation was signed
after the Greek armies, hope
lessly entrapped In the north,
had "unconditionally laid down
their arms," the statement said.
ATHENS, April 23 (UP)
British and Greek troops facing
the final all-out fury ot the Ger
man:, blitzkrieg tonight made
their last desperate stand JusV
north ot aucient. -Aihesse from
which King George II and his
government fled with a pledget
to "fight on until final victory."
The 51-year-old monarch and
his government fled by ship 60
miles southward to the British
defended island of Crete after
the capitulation of the main
Greek army of Eplri perhaps)
250,000 men in a surrender
which the king berated as un
authorized. " ' ' "
The government fled, after Is
days of crushing blitzkrieg, aa
the steel-clad German tide)
ground its. way down through
Attica constantly nearer to
Athens and droves of nazi
bombers heaped havoc upon,
cities, towns, ports and ships
leaving the Greek coasts.
Harbor Damaged
Great waves of German
bombers today smashed at
Greek ports and waiting ships
including the harbors of Piraeus,
Attica, Salamis and Megara and
"caused considerable damage to
(Continued on Page Two)
Britain Finding
Answer to Night
Bombing, Claim
LOS ANGELES,. April 23 VP)
Britain is "finding the answer"
to Germany's night bombing
raids, reports Air Marshal Wil
liam A. Bishop, head of the)
Royal Canadian air force. - -
"We were three months ahead
of Germany in night bombing,
and although when she began,
she had a superior force of
bombers, we are still the super
ior navigators at nigh and we
still benefit from this." he said
in an address prepared for a
noon luncheon of the chamber
of commerce.
He asserted the German
"have reached their maximum,
allowing for other commitments.
"Both sides at present are
sending their night bomber
over without appreciable or Im
portant losses.
"The answer is not to ba
found in any sudden remedy. But
the remedy will be found. There
are methods of making it mora
difficult for the night bomber. I
only wish I could tell you how
swiftly we are finding the an
swer In that regard."
News Index
City Briefs Page 5
Comics and Story Page 8
Courthouse Records Page 4
Editorials , Page 4
High School News Page 10
Information . Page S
Market, Financial Page 10
Midland Empire News Page 9
Pattern . Page S
PTA Notes Page 5
Sports Pages 6, 7