Herald and news. (Klamath Falls, Or.) 1942-current, June 04, 1942, Page 6, Image 6

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    Weekly Page of Farm News
Juno 4, 1043
Farmers Wrestling
Weed Problem in
Klamath County
By C. A. Henderson
County Agricultural Agent
The annual battle with weeds
If again underway. From now
until fall, weed control will be
a major operation on many
farms in the Klamath basin. For
tunately, a large number of
farms as yet are not infested
with serious perennial weeds
but even on these farms consid
erable time will be required to
prevent new infestations getting
started and established. Fre
quently new seedings of weeds
are established when impure
grasses, clover and other seeds
are planted. Seed bargains us
ually contribute new weed in
festations. Most weed seeds are
small, requiring several hundred
thousand . to the pound. This
makes spread comparatively
By far the best method of
weed control is to use a lot of
good horse sense. Those land
operators who are watching
their weeds have found that
plenty of cultivation during the
growing season and the planting
of smother crops at certain stra
tegic times during the plant's
seasonal growth, are doing much
to weaken the plant and make
possible complete smothering
out with other crops. In addi
tion, where the farm soil build
ing allowance permits, the AAA
$7.50 per acre payment is earo-
able by practicing approved con
trol. This helps considerably in
carrying out .the operation. To
earn this payment, progress in
control must be shown, and
sound accepted methods of con
trol must be undertaken.
In addition to summer-fallow
or clean cultivation, combined
with smother crops, certain
chemicals give considerable as
sistance under some conditions.
For general use, sodium chlor
ate applied at different rates, de
pending upon the weeds, gives
good results. On morning glory,
three to four pounds, while on
white top six to eight pounds of
this material will be required
per square rod. In the past, con
siderable spraying of this, ma
terial has been undertaken, but
experiments now indicate that
when applied in a powder form
and worked into the top two or
three inches of the ground, bet
ter results are secured, particu
larly on the heavier soils. On
lighter soils, carbon bisulphide
gives good results when applied
in holes IS inches apart, stag
gered, and eight inches deep.
Two ounces of this material are
placed in each hole and the top
It now seems that winter ap
plications of this chemical give
even better results than either
spring or fall -applications, but
further experimental work on
this point will be carried out
Common fuel oil, if available,
when sprayed on growing plants
gives reasonably good control
at a cheap cost but must be re
peated a large number of times
for complete eradication.
Of the three kinds of general
weeds found namely, the an
nual weeds which grow from
the seed each year and complete
their cycle of growth in one
growing season; biennials that
grow from seed and make a
small plant the first year and
go to seed the second year and
complete their cycle at the end
of that year; and perennials that
grow indefinitely by establish
ing newer and deeper growth
of roots each year, and by seed
also, the third or perennial
A Sign of thirst
Try a boHle of
You'll never be
m v: America's v jj
IN Beer ITS Coiumbi a, TOO
Brewed by Columbii Breweries,Inc.,Tacoma,Wash.
weed is by far the most serious.
Weeds of this kind can be easily
controlled in their first year or
seedling stage but after the
heavy root system is well estab
lished, control is exceptionally
difficult. In some . cases, roots
have been taken out of the
ground from 12 to 18 feet deep.
It can easily be seen that con
trol of plants of this kind that
store plant food in their root
system way beneath the ground
is most difficult. Starving the
roots by preventing growth on
the surface is the most import
ant method of control, as plants
to continue to exist must make
a heavy leaf growth In order to
build up further reserve supplies
of food in the root system.
Perennial weeds most serious
in Klamath county are: white
top, morning glory, Russian
knapweed, Canada thistle, leafy
spurge, blue lettuce and re
cently St. Johnswort or Klamath
weed, another member of this
family, has been discovered in
this county. In carrying out any
program of control, the first
step is to be able to Identify any
of these serious weeds in order
that the right control may be
One safe plan to follow is that
any weed that develops a large
underground root system and
continues to grow from these
roots each year, is of serious
nature and clean cultivation and
smothering out by use of other
crops should be undertaken at
once. Where the patches are
small, heavy application of
chemicals might do the job more
A recent order of the war pro
duction board limits the use of
rotenone dust to certain food
crops. The recent interpretation
of this order permits use of this
material on pea and vetch seeds
in order to protect nearby food
crops. This ruling is particularly
important to pea growers of
Klamath county inasmuch as ro-tenone-bearing
dusts are the
most effective dusting materials
in use in the control of aphids
or plant lice. Inasmuch as pea
fields are placed adjacent to
other food crops throughout the
Klamath project, more than like
ly this dust will be available
throughout this area. In other
areas, however, where there are
no adjacent food crops, it is
doubtful whether this material
can be used.
The order points out that
strict observance of the pro
hibited use is necessary in order
for growers to get through the
1940 season without consider
able hardship. There have been
no imports since the first of the
year. Practically all of this ma
terial is imported. Stocks now on
hand will probably be entirely
depleted by the end of the year.
The situation in 1943 regarding
the use of this material no doubt
will be serious.
This order prohibits the use
of rotenone in products for con
trol of household insects, poul
try, pet and livestock parasites.
and sprays for ornamental
shrubs and trees. Use is also
prohibited on the following
crops: cotton, tobacco, cucum-
this distinctive beverage.
satisfied with any etherl
On of the most impressive victory gardens in totfn or suburbs It that on the property of
Dr. Lloyd Goble, on North Ninth street shown in the above picture. On this 30xS0-foot plot of
ground are growing garlic, peat, lettuce, turnips, radishes, onions, carrots, beets, spinach. Swiss
chard, parsnips, string beans, peppers, tomatoes, cucumbers and celery. A sprinkler system is
used for irrigation. Dr. Goble and Clyde Nellls are operating the garden on shares.
Weekly Market Trends
(Editor's note: The following
market information is supplied
from mnterial obtained over the
government leased wire in the
office of the extension economist
at Oregon State college. The
material, in the form of a week
ly summary of trends in the live
stock market is not intended to
replace spot day by day market
With a moderate supply of
cattle arriving at North Portland
Monday, trading was active and
prices steady to 25 cents higher.
Medium to good fed steers sold
mostly at $12 to $13, while some
experimentally fed ones brought
$13.75. Grass fat steers brought
up to $12 and good fed heifers
$12 to $12.50. The San Francis
co market was steady and active,
with Idaho fed steers selling at
$13.25 to $13.50, and Chicago re
ported up to 25 cents advance,
especially on good to choice me
dium and weighty steers, a top
of $15.40 being paid for average
choice 1350-pound weights.
Firmer prices last week and
this represent to some extent re
covery after the uncertainties
arising from ceiling prices on
wholesale dressed beef. At
North Portland sale of some 900
bers, sweet corn, eggplant,
onions and peppers. Everyone
should cooperate, whether living
in the country or city, to con
serve supply of this valuable
As Long As Existing Stoeks Here Last
Your Electical
or Visit Yottr Nearest
Victory Garden in Middle of
to 1100-pound steers at $13.50
last week set a new high for that
market since 1929. Recent re
ceipts there have been unusually
light while demand was strong.
In the midwest on the other
hand, marketings have been in
creasing since the second week
in May, with arrivals in Chicago
last weekend the largest since
1932. In the east also, killing
facilities have been overtaxed
and storage supplies are well
above average.
Half of the 3000 sheep and
lambs arriving at North Port
land Monday were offered local
ly. Trading was active, with
spring lambs strong to 25 cents
higher and other classes about
steady. Good to choice spring
stuff sold mostly at $13.50 to
$13.75 and common to medium
grades $10 to $11.50. Good
shorn ewes were quoted up to
$5.25. San Francisco and Chi
cago reported prices steady to
Ben's a quick safe odorless wny to
help you keep your home free from
these peats simply sprinkle Bt'HACII
acroni tbelr trails and in cracks and
Bl'HACH for orer 60 yearsIs
one of the best protections against
theee nastv loathsome pests.
In Huiilr Sifter Cans S5e uo at Dnir,
Grocery, Beed Stores and Pet Shops.
strong, with most spring lambs
bringing $13.50 at San Francis
co, and best ones at Chicago sell
ing up to 514.50. While Omaha
sellers were holding choice
spring lambs above $14.50, trad
ing was slow and bids lower
than that.
Recent lamb prices in the
country as a whole have been
the highest since 1929. Wooled
lambs sold above $15 in Chicago
last week for the first time since
that year. While spring lamb
marketings have been increas
w law I
J j V-p"jS 5' VI ,;J Watch for her! : ! """r
ONLY while existing stoeks Jast will you be able to buy
Electric Hot Water Heaters . . . This relaxation of
federal buying restrictions affords you the oppor
tunity NOW of enjoying atl Hie not water yen need
Mils summer and for many months and years to eome . .
We urge you not to delay. When present dealers' stocks
era exhausted yon win need a high priority rating to bny
yoor eleetrle hot water heater . . . now there Is no red
tape no need to bother with priority numbers, Jnst see
yosrr dealer or Copeo.
y3 DOWN - Balance in 1 2
ing, arrivals at midwest and east
ern markets have been smaller
than a year ago.
The hog market at North Port
land was steady with a week ago
despite moderately heavy re
ceipts. Top rlrlve-tns brought
$14.10 to $14.25, while heavier
ones up to 270 pounds brought
$13.25 to $13.75. Good 350 to
600-pound so. s sold at $10 to
$11, and good to choice feeder
pigs at $12.50 to $13.50. Tho
Snn Francisco market was
steady with a $14.75 top paid for
Idaho butchers, and Chicago's
prices were steady to 10 cents
higher than Inst weekend, to a
top of $14.50.
In spite of ceilings on whole
sale pork products and retail
pork cuts, midwest prices last
week advanced 35 to 50 cents,
with Chicago reporting the high
est price this year except during
tho second week in April, when
it was $14.65. North Pnrtlnnd
prices, however, fulled to follow
the upward - trend and even
dropped some last week.
Demand for territory wools on
the Boston market was mostly
unchanged last week with soma
good average fine French comb
ing selling at $1.15 to $1.18.
scoured basis. Good staple three
eighths blood combing was quot
ed at $1.03 to $1.00, and qunr-ter-blood
at 95 to 98 cents, nil
scoured basis. Import wool buy
ing was slow, although some
finer grades from Australia
were selling at steady prices.
Prices on mohair were firm
but unchanged, with only a lit
tle Inquiry for either adult or
kid hair.
California has tho world's
most used battleground. It is
located near Hollywood and,
since the days of World War
I, more than 250 battle hnvev
been fought there, but they have
all taken place before motion
picture cameras.
Well, she may be the
one who will ring your
doorbell one of those
days to bring you o FREE
copy of ' the Sherwin
Williams 192,Home
Surplus hay supplies In Ore
gon have been pretty well clean
ed lip compared with year ago,
and farm prices for huy are sev
eral dollnra a ton higher, accord
ing to data in a report on the
agricultural sllunllon Just ru
lcuscd by the Oregon Stnto col
lego extension service. The re
port also points out thnt the
number of hity-i-annumlng nul
muls hus Increuned mid tluit mea
dows mid piiiiturus In Oregon
are not as good as a your utlo al
though above nvningu.
In the country as a whulo
there Is tin Im-rciine in tho num
ber of hny-coimuinliiK milmnln,
also, and liny stoeks tun sinnller
titan a year aijo, New huy crop
prospects were nearly us-good
as Inst year on Mny 1 and nbove
average generally, although not
too good in much of the cu.it.
The Morgan breed of horse
was named for a little bny stal
lion, Justin Morgnn, which was
fouled a century and n hnlf nuo.
It is tho only Indivldunl horse
ever to hnve a breed nnmcd nftcr
vr vsrvis.rv.
your skill depends on
precision. Clear vision
can guarantee It, and
give you a steady hand
for speed-up produc
The kind of work you're doing now may bt
putting added strain on your vision. Meet Its
challenge now by having your eyes examined
' and prescribed for.
CONTINUOUS hot water all
need of It, kept pipping
hot by clean, Inst, economical
electricity will score a real
hit with all the family. Now
while you can Invest in
COMFORT for yourself and
your wife and kiddles.
Klumntli county chamber of
commerce directors on Wedncs.
diiy Approved recommenda
tion of the agricultural commit
tee favoring congressional adop
tion of Semite Hill 2410, which
would eliminate. Interest charges
iiKiilnsl districts which have
borrowed from the RFC.
The senate bill provides that
the roclumiitlon fund reimburse
the HFC ii nil proceed with the
collection from the districts.
The borrowings from the HFC
me nt a 4 per emit Interest rate.
If the bill Is adopted, It will
favorably effect three pumping
districts in this area the En.
terprlsH, Mnlln and Horsefly
UmvIluiUlers on these districts
would pay out on a 30-year
basis, as provided In their RFC
contracts, but would not be re- a"
quired to puy tho Interest. In
districts already organlied tin
dor the rcclnmntlon fund, pay
mcnta extend over a 40-year
It's time we all know that It
takes more than hot nlr to keep
breeding along.
flans J
2' (ti-.-
mm :