LAKE COUNTY EXAMINER AVML 23, 1914 M-.V ".1 PANAMA AND Ml -KMH-W-rl-MH-h-r-H-M-$ EXPERIMENTAL ROADS. THE PAGE SIX LAKEV1EW ABSTRACT & TITLE CO. ABSTRACTS TO ALL REAL PROPERTY IN LAKE COUMY, CRtGO . Our Comploto Tract Index Insure: Accuracy, Promptness and Reliability Snrh an Index is the ONLY Kr.LI A HLK system from which Hit Attract can lie made, showing all defects of title. Wo ? Iso Furnish tf&V.YJ&lc'P H. W. MORGAN, Manager, LAKEVIEW, OREGON POSTOFFICS BOX 243 WALLACE & SON iWm. Wallace, Coroner Tor Lake County) undertakers"! TROMPT ATTENTION ASP SATISFACTION GUARANTEED Parlors, next door to Telephone Office WATSON BUILDING Lakeview Ice, Transfer and Storage Co Telephone Xo. lOl .T. I. IUCKWOKTII, 3Ian Acer Buss to Meet All Trains. Transfer and Drayage. Storage by day, Week or Month VS- "OUK CUSTOMERS AKE OUK AIVKItTISEHS Goose Lake Valley Meat Market R. E. WINCHESTER, Proprietor We endeavor to keep our market well supplied with FRESH, SfLT AND SMOKED; MEATS 5 lbs. Lard, 90c; 10 lbs., $1.80 Your Patronage is Respectfully Solicited LAKE COUNTY ABSTRACT COMPANY Incorporared. A Complete Record We have made an entire transcript of all Record In Lake County which lnanv way, affect Real Property In the county. We have a complete Record of every Mortgage and transfer ever made In Luke County, and ever Deed given. Errors Found in Titles In transcribing the record we have found numerous mort gaes recorded In the Deed record and indexed; and many deed. are recorded lo the Mortgage record and other book. Uandreds of mortgages and deeds are not Indexed at all. and most difficult to trace up from the records. We have notations of all these Errors. Othern aunot find ihem. We have pnt hundreds of dollars hunting up these error, and we can fully guarantee our work. J. D. VENATOR, SHAMROCK STABLES SS, CON BREEN, Proprietor Special Attention to Transient Stock Horses Boarded by the Day, Week or Month Always Open Phone 571 LAKEVIEW EMBROIDERY SHOP FANCY WORK EXCIIAXGE Pun Linen Handkerchiefs, Sew Pillow Tops, Scurfs and Centers. Nun's Roll-Proof Luster Collars for IC in broidery. D.M.C. Threads of all kinds. Art Linen by the yard. Embroidery Work to order. MRS. H. B. ALGER OPPOSITE IIERYVORU Ul.DG. PHOMt 171 flanager. The Order Sent by Telephone is taken down cimfuHx u.i tilled W I II I lie lit most exit' Ilr-S ut this 'inn ki t ) mi run roimi on fitftt iniijnst ii" rlinirr u nit us if yi'ii were In rr tn si'i' ; rut it fur yiiii. Sn if mi niiiiii't Ol lloll 'l rule tn mine in ( son ph in- ns what oii v nt m il w ' I si- 1 li.it .i mi trn it iis uiiij wUrh you w.n.t it. Lakevif-w Meat, Market, HAYES A GROB, rprps OREGON Alger Land Co. It u ni h es City Property ICen t u Is Tuxes Paid and Rentals Collected for Xon-resldenta Otter Opposite Her y ford Ruildlnu THEIR HONOR Ttoy Do excellent Vork to f03d Cuilding EXFERIft'EflTS SUCCESSFUL Th National Committer en Priaon La bor Receive! Roporta From Variout State Indicating That the Honor System Produces Good Reeutta. The prnethv or putting convicts on their honor. espeluliy prisoner! who nre nt work constructing or repairing highways, has been started In several states Mini Is m.vllng with much sue cess, according to reports received ly the national committee on prison hi hor. North Dakota. Oregon. New .ler scy. Michigan. Ohio mid I'olorado nre unions the states where the honor sys teni has been developed to Its highest degree. I'mler the laws of North Du kota the hoard of control may employ convicts on the public highways, theli expenses to he paid hy the respective counties in which they work The law stipulates that the prisoners perform their duties under the supervision of ; skilled laborers, who net Ms guards; hut so far ns possible, the law Ue- , CONVKT3 AT WIIItK ON COLOHADO KOAIIH (IN fllitXEC ALSO ltOAD HUILT 11Y TULU. dares, the convicts are to be placed on their h unr. Another feature of North Dafc- ta"s prison laws U worded i as folio .'. j "Kac!i -hurt time convict worked uion s ii l state roads shall receive H ; credit ii on his time of ten days for j each thirty days that he shall faith I fully and diligently work uimui saiil ' state roads, and in case of convicts i servins life sentences such privileges : shall be given them as in the Judgment j of the warden is proier. but in case ; that any convict fails to do faithful ; and eJheieiit work or attempts to es cape he shall forfeit all or us many of said credits ns in the Judgment of the warden shall be proper." Of 270 convicts who were worked under the honor system In Ohio only eighteen less than 7 per cent attempt ed to escape, according to the report of Preston 1C. Thomas, warden of the Ohio state penitentiary. While these men were thus employed there was no harrier except their own honor between them and freedom. Of the eighteen men who broke faith, all but seven were caught and returned to the pris- on, so that the percentage of those who j failed to serve their full sentences was only 2'i- This record, says Warden Thomas, compares favorably with trusts in the outside world. Also in Michigan, where nil persons convicted of drunkenness or vagrancy are sentenced to work on the roads in stead or to Jail, the practice of trusting prisoners has been found successful. Not only that. but. according to W M. Hryaiit. good roads commissioner of Michigan, the sentencing of convicts to work on the highways tends to elim inate much petty crime. It was In Colorado, under Warden Thomas J Tynan, that the honor system was first employed among prisoners at work on the highways, and It Is In that state and Oregon that the system has been most extensively developed. Gov ernor West of Oregon. In a statement to the national committee on prison labor concerning the honor system among prisoners nt work on the roads, said: "Our road gangs are made up of from fifteen to twenty-five men. with a free man as foreman, who lives nnd works with his crew. Ills word Is law in camp, nud his report as to conduct of the prisoners curries great weight with the prison ollieinls. it Is most essen tlal. therefore, that great care be ex ercised in the selection of these fore men. We have hud unexpected suc cess in the operation of our road gangs Some have been maintained ns far as ?X) miles from the prison, nnd nearly all In the hills and mountains, where every opportunity was given to escape. At first we lost a number of men. due largely to the novelty of the plan nnd unjust newspaper criticism, which made many of them fear the abandon ment of tle policy and their return to prison There hns been less newspa per erltlcUm of late, and the public, eelng the merit of the system. Is ac cepting it ns n settled nollcy.M liver INti.tKHi sipiare yards of different types or roads for ex perimental ami objn t lesson purposes were construct, d dur inu' the tlseal year liu.' Kl mi tier I he super1 Islon or the olllee of ptlb.lc loads. I IHlcd States department of iiki'u ii lure, ac cording to I tu lift I n .W of the lie pariuieiit. making ti total of over I.ihhi.iuhi Mpniiv yards of road constructed under the sltpeivl Men or this olllee since I'.Kl.'i. The types of roads Iml t were brick, concrete, oil eeineul ion elite. bllnniiuoUH concrete, bl luminous surfaced concrete, bl luminous macadam, surfa.c treaiuieut. macadam, nsphilt ln:. ob asphalt gravel, oil yi.iv el. oll-eoralliiie, gravel-macadam. Kiavel. sluu. sand clay, sand KIiiuIhi. burnt clay, shell and earth The object lesson and ex perimental work diirlm; Hie a.-t year was done nt il cost to the local coinmunitle of $i:!'.l.S I.S'.I Tlll-i does not Include the sa.a lies and expenses or the dj-part incut engineers. Tin' road w.irli durlnji the year was done In Arkansas. I'lorida. tieoryla. Ken tueky. Maryland. Mississippi. Ne braska. North t'arolina. Sou ' h liaUota. Telinessei", Texas. Vir nil. la. Wlseoiisln nud the lis trlct of t'oliimbla -.wii-;-H-;-;-:-K-!-;-;-;-;-i-H-!-: GOCD ROADS IN WISCONSIN. Tho Countiaa Tak Advant.iga of State Aid. All the counties of Wisconsin are' taking advantage of state ni l for tin ' Improvement of their roads this year ' The Increasing popularity or tills plan I Is described by John A. Ila.ehv oo.l, J chairman or the Mate highway com j mission, as follows: "Wisconsin embarked upon a policy J of county aid for highway Improve- j uiMit or the principal roads In the j counties of the state by nil enactment j of the legislature In l'.)i7. and under the policy or county aid twenty conn lbs in the state accomplished a great j deal of g I prior to r.ipj j Tu l'.UI the Wisconsin legislature; d.s ided upon the policy or state aid In i addition to the county aid provided for j in l'.;i7 and made an appropriation of i it iih annually to carry the under I taking along. I'urii g the year 11- j sixty live counties out or seventy one : nt-ked and received county and state j aid. Last year sixty eight out or the seventy-one have received county nud state aid roc highwav betterment. i -The legislature or I'.'lo. apparently j ipprecli'tiug the success and popular! ty or the state ai.l provision over that I of the county aid policy, appropriated , f l.UHil.iMiO annually to carry along tin good roads work. In t'.ill. by a nar I i row margin of one vote, the stale tip i propriatloti was made for the new poll i cy. wliile In l!)l:! every vote In both i houses of the legislature, with the ex j eeption of seven, 'was cast for tin f I. . JOiUMMi appropriation. "Since the legislature adjourned th- j three counties not engaged in good j j road work prior to this time have vol I ; ed to come under the provisions of tic- ; state aid policy. L'onseipienl !y in 1!1 1 j the entire state Is carrying on road iia proveinent under the state aid policy." THE HORSELESS AGE. Automobile! and Heavy Auto Trucka Make Road Problem Harder. The astonishing results of a census taken recently on a secondary thor oughfare leading out of London show ed only 3 per cent of horse drawn ve hicles. The exact count was fifteen vehicles of the latter class to f00 ve hicles propelled otherwise than by ImniAV fTi.piiIri Ilea nil fT I illl 111! t Inn of t,)f, fa'nure of tl)e pul)llc uuthorIli.-s generally throughout the world o maintain roads nnd streets In good condition. A similar example of the extraordi nary change that has occurred in the use of roads In recent years Is that of a furniture manufacturing concern in Eastern, Pu., which delivers on its own trucks to New York city Instead of using the already constructed steel roads namely, the railroads. This concern uses the ordinary roads. A considerable tonnage Is thus trans ferred from the steel roads specially constructed to bear It to the country road not constructed for any such weight or friction. It has thus enme to pass that the science of engineer ing, which was called upon to furnish experts to railroad companies, is now also called upon to furnish experts to road building authorities Colorado Good Roads Association, During the recent convention of the Colorado Good Koails association It went on record as favoring greater de velopment of the state highways along the plun mapped out by the state highway commission and as advocat ing a state levy of one-half mill for road building. There was considerable debate on the relative merits of the half mill levy and a bond issue of $5, 000.000. The advocutes of the former succeeded In carrying, the convention, and It is stated that steps will bo tak en by the association to Initiate nt the November election a bill to make funds available for litis. " Plan Highway Improvement. Plans for highway Improvement In Cedar Falls. la., in 1014. ns suggested by the Cedar Falls Commercial club, contemplate the construction of a high way, entering the city from the north west, across n long stretch of river bottom, aud the erection of a bridge across the Cedar liver. N0TL5 C.M.IURN1TZ urvrnsiDE o . fOKUrSPONDCNrt SI'OND Llt'lTC AOLlt'lTCU (Tlirn nrtlclrs nml lllimtrntlniia tiiiint not lM'tirmsl milium nircliil pirmiioii 1 I THE ROSE COMB BLACK MINORCA Vj The live special egg producing rand lies of standard fowls are t tilled the Xi Mediterraneans and comprise the Leg ! horns, Spanish. Illue Audalushins. An Ij. conns and Mlnoinis. Their names all t;algnify that they originated In the X j sunny lands along the beiiutirul blue X ! Mediterranean. ! ! Of these wonderful tribes of white ' egg layers the Mlnorcns have woii the ; distinction of laying the largest egg. j Of the Minorca then are three varb ' etles-. Single fomli Itlnck. Single t'ouib j White. Hose I'otub Itlnck. While a I ISose Comb While has tiecn bred by I some. It has never been popular nor I Htauilard. The single combs are very ' large, and an objection Is that they often frcer.e. While proper care "III often curry them through the winter unscathed, of course the ItnseConib has n advan tage III tills respect, which Is specal V Ph.. i. i KOHE colli; I ' h M I i .ill A ('HI, I I It l ly imi t i... in ,.cn .1 o j collll s ihn t ioi .i I low r r have pi ., They -.l I.I I. llllies-. i . ered dipped into the n!ci ves-ol. and at i.il.l be prei'ente I by a I "; massing :i gid in: ui I III III ill trouble may ling ciiit:iin or or of 1'nivN on the roost, ilielr eoinliiiied licit pievent lnglrnl. The peculiar Minorca shape charai Icrisi li s are the sniiie in the three varieties. There is Hie long body, lint across shoulder, s Hping to the tail. The breast prominent and round, deep; the f" i IT short, the plumage tight titling and smooth, tho bluish legs strong, firm and set square under the Photo ly tin rail. ltosr. com ti i;t,ACK minium a iii.x. body, nil so well constructed for a big digestive system nnd large egg capac ity. The Itose Comb should be a brilliant black with beetle green sheen, free from ull purple nnd the tall held ut an angle of forty degrees from tho hori zontal. The Minorca Is larger and a better market chicken than the Leghorn, Its ilnk flesh being close grained nud de licious. UOSK COMH STANDARD WEiailTa. Pounds. Pounds. Cork il Hen 6 Cockerel C Pullet 1 The rtoseand White Minorca weights are similar, and one pound less than the Single Comb Itluck. DON'T8. Iou't crow yourself winning a cup. Hack hoarse over the winning with good advertising and your ud. with n square deal for success that's real. Don't let chickens run In the stable. They steal old Kan's feed and make her feed box filthy. Don't spend your lifetime chasing Dame Fortune. Fortune comes to those who learn to labor and to wait and may be Just now turning to your gate. So work and wait and honest be and e'er long she will favor thee. ,-.Mi ... ; ! I C M. I'.UTM AMI IKUIIKM AtJAlNHT iu:i i:,i, or i hi i; TUM.H Inchlenta of Hues Canal Given Way of I'ompwilsoil lllu K police In IIciUiih1 la In tho (IIhcushIuu of the 1'uuuina I tolls mutter much of the arguinc-it hits been biiuiulul as woll aa of tho , "starry-banner" variety. There lias ' been lltllo of ucliliil detail printed 1 about the investment represented, '. the revenue necessary tmr tho tou- lingo expected for tho canal. Tho fol- lowing Information from tho Clucln ; nut I Knqulrer will bo of use In cou ' tddcrluK tho flniinclal problems In j vol veil : "The Hue canal Is owned by a i stock company, with shares of stork numbering 370.U41. "Since 1 S 76 tho Ilrlthdi govern' incut has bo' ti tho owner of 17(1, 002 of these shares, for which It paid $19,sr.5.320. "Through Its holding of these 1 shares the llrltlsh government exer ; -Inch n controlling Interest lu tho Sin' canal. "The canal cost about $127,000.- tioa. Is 103 miles long, about 1!K .Yet deep, and It takes 17 hours for . e-cls to pans through It. ! "During tho year 19IOvthe Sue i canal was traversed by 4f33 vessel.-t with a total net tonn lite of lCfiKl, ?,'.)$ nud the toll charges were 1 1 .30 I per net toii for vessels with cargo. ' S" cents per net ton for vessels In 1 b.ilhibt aud $1.93 for each passcuger 1 1' ears of ago. ! The total receipts of the cull a. I company for the year amounted to $.'."., lliS, 400; the coats of mainten ance and operation to $3.857,40:' ; , payments for fixed cIiutkcs nnd In re tiring capital obligations aggregat ing $'"..072,602. "The company's net profits were 5 1 r..!Mis.4 1 It, permitting the payment of a dividend of 31 per rent on the c.uinl company's share "The outstanding capital olilli tl.iiis amounted to $!)2,4M.."i I I at the i lose of the year 111 10. "The Panama ennui Is owe b' the people of the I'llltcd S'.Ttn. It ll cost approximately $.".76. ciin, nilO hen completed. , "It. will he T.4 miles long, 41 feet i'"ci and vi ..sc In will ho ahlo to go through It from ocean to ocean In 12 houra. v To pay for this canal the I'nlted State'! Covi riiiucnt has Ihsii ed bonds to the value of $S4,fi31. !'S0, hearing Interest nt the rato of 2 per cent nnd jr.o.uoD.OOO u ie,n(H l.earlnft Interest at tho rate of ,i pur cent. "Tin' expenditures on account of the canal In excesa of the money re ceived from sales of theso bonds have been paid from the I'nlted Metes, Treasury. "A trallic export report tnade to ' President Taft estimated that during the year 1U15 10, COO, 000 net tons would pass through tho Panama ca nal, of which amount tho coastwise trndo of the United States, now free from tolls under existing law, was estimated at 1,100,000 tons. "The rate of tolls as established by President Taft is to ba $1.20 per net ton, this being 10 centB per ton less than the Suez canal collected In the llrltlsh controlled canal. "Our constwlso trndo being free the tolls, to bo collected from the other tonngoH, ns per this estimate, would amount to nhout $11,300, 000. "Tho costs of maintenance nnd operation Is was thought would not he more than that nt the .Sue,, say ?4, (ton, 000, which would leave more than $7,000,000, or about 2 per cent upon this entire Investment of our people. "No ono that has studied the trade statistics of tho world but appreciates Hint as the years succeed each other tho tonnages passing through the Panama canal will show largo annual increases und experts believe that by 1920 the net income from tho ca nal will bo Hufticlent to enable the payment of Installments upon the original sum Invested in the con struction of this great enterprise." -o- Persl stent Kickers Cedarville Kecord: Tho people of Susanvlllo never tired of abuslug tho N.-C.-O. railroad when thut rond car ried their freight and passengers. Now the Fernley-Lason road runs to Suuanvllle, und Its advent wus hulled as a thing of Joy forever. They, however are now howling about that rond, and are endeavoring to arrange the Southern Pacific's business for their own convenience. Verily, they must have some perslsteut kickers at Si y. anvlllo. They kick about tho nuuie of their town, they kick about the railroad and even kick about their Jail In fact it seems to be one merry round of kicking over there.