Lake County examiner. (Lakeview, Lake County, Or.) 1880-1915, January 30, 1913, Image 6

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For COnriERCIALgl ftfor ;i
t i i mrrv nnrsj tarn siii
LIQHT & HARROW. Proprietors
We Have the Best Assorted Stock of flof
Rough and
Surfaced Dry
give you what you wantwhen
you want it ALL THE TIME
Yard on Center St. LdkeVl'eW, Ore.
Phono 721
Lakeview Ice, Transfer
and Storage Co
Telephone Xo. 101
J. P. Dl'CKWOHTH, Manager
Buss to Meet All Trains. Transfer
and Drayage. Storage by day,
Week or Month
Wm. Wallace, Coroner tor Lake County)
Parlors, next door to Telephone Office
Twin Valley Land Co.
- Incorporated -C.
R. BLOOD, Ast. Sec; C. O. MISENR, Gen. .Agt.
We have for sale:
Orchard and Alfalfa Lands
Farm Lands, Timber Lands
Homesteads and Desert Lands
Special attention given to O.V.L. Land Holdings
We are agents tor
The Fair port Town & Land Co.
FAIRPORT TOWN' LOTS now on sr :e. Make
your selection berore the best ones are sold. A
big investment lor a small amount of m iev.
A Complete Record
We have rnale an entire truiiHcrtpt of (ill Uncords In Lake
County which tunny way, ailed Kenl Property In the county.
We have a complete Jtworil of every Mortgage ui'd transfer
ever made tn lake Count v and ever Deed u'lvi-n
Errors Pound In Titles
In transcribitijf the records have fnunl iiniti'-ruus mort
gareti recorded In the lJeetl record uu' mjexed nd many
deeda are recorded l- ttie vturiirmre recurd mut iher books.
Handreds of mortgages am' deeds hh i ' 1 ri.- at all, and
moat dlttlcult to 'race up Irmri f r recirdi-.
We have notations of nil ,-
Others annot ipet itn-m ' .
hunting up ttiHMe t riors iinlw; ;.n f. n :
J. I). VRNATO!?,
-i ors.
Tiie Perfect Modern Roal Has
Twelve Requisites.
Auetin H. Fletcher, California 8tal
Highway Cnginaar, Talla What Ha
Centidara tha Neceseary Featuree of
an Up to Data Thoroughfare.
According to Austin tl. Fletcher,
tnte highway engineer of Callforntn.
the essentials of a modern rural high
way are as follows:
A readjustment of the road locations
or rights of way bo as to secure iwoper
alignment and to obviate the necessity
for traveling around o uiaujr sccllou
The elimination of all crossings of
highways at tirade with ft earn and
electric rail run da.
Ilights of war of uniform width,
preferahly not less than sixty feet.
Maximum gradients In the mountain
ous country of 7 per cent and mini
mum radii on the center lines of such
roads of tifty feet, with all curves open
ed out us. much as possible by flutteu
1 tin slocs and removing brush and
such trees as Interfere with the view
A clear sight of at least l.V feet should
be secured wherever It Is practicable.
The construction of eruianent cul
verts, gutters aud ditches wherever
they are needed to prevent water from
standing on the roadsides uud on
grades to prevent gullying due to the
water being carried too far In the gut
ter and thus accumulating In volume.
The construction of bridges of n per
nianent character, preferably of te
Arifitr.'nil rtiniTiln. such bridges to be
at least twenty-four feel wide iu the j
clear uud so designed that they will
carry sixteen tou traction engines with
a reasonable factor of safety.
A minimum width of roadway of six
teen feet, which may be traveled safe
ly, such width to apply only to those
places In the mountains where there
Is so much rock as to make a greater
width prohibitive on account of Its cost
All average width throughout the re
mainder of the state of twenty-four
feet on embankments, or twenty-one
par? " -
feet in tlirniigii cuts mid twenty-two
Olid one 1 1 : t ; r leit where tile roa,l Is
part cut and part. fill.
crown ..r itii-s chamber varying
from one i!i-!i to - font where no
surfacing is apfilied t.) less than ono-
ei'lilli of an inch where bii iimiiious
! Mirfares are u-ed. in all ra-e the
crown to be the least needed to cause
the water to run Ui Lly from the road
Into the gutters.
Such type of surfai ing as the neods
of the lix'ality varying from the graded
road to the highest type of asphalt
paving uud varying in width from fif
teen to twenty-four feet.
The erection of guard rails at dan
gerous pouii on grades and on high
embankments:. In places guard hanks
of earth are preferable to the wooden
fences because of their greater per
manency. The proper trimmings of slopes along
the road sides, both old and new. ho
us to prevent the unsightly gashes now
no noticeable along the roads Also
the plnnling-nf suitable trees. Indige
nous to the locality mid properly cur
ing for them.
The placing of prufier permanent
monuments, at the time of construc tion
along the roads to mark accurately
l lie limits of the right of way. Such
monuments will be of Inestimable val
ue to sur eyers. Also the erection and
maintenance of guide boards marked
to Khow places, and distances accu
rately A proper system of maintenance for
the upkeep of the roads nfler they are
built, coupled with adequate appro
print Inns of money. Such appropria
tions and such a (system should ! pro
vided for even before a road Is coin
pleted. since even If the wearing sur
face reipiires no expenditure for some
time oi ralher unusual condition., the
pullers, culverts and slopes will always
need attention
Glaaa Road a Failure.
After two years of experimenting the j
luss pavement In Lyons. ''r"ic c, lias j
proved failure Then 'he i?l ss
block- were I UK' I 1 'it !'" ecu !
t'.. i tl'iie Ihoy wet' '!.!'! to t"- mck
ed and broken
- I t-. I. l ------f. .f..1.,t. i
No ewe should be bred nntll
she has reached maturity.
You cannot Iwgln to feed and
train a colt too early.
Many farmers make a practice
of turning land's Into the corn
field lu the early fall to gather
up all the weeds.
Skimp your sheep on Rood pas
ture and they will skimp you on
mutton. Works both ways.
It la conducive to health to
feed hogs when they can hate
the range of the pasture field.
In breaking a colt remember
that It la a u easy matter to over
load and ruin blm by canning
him to balk.
It costs a good deal of money
to buy a satisfactory team. In
most cases this can be avoided
by the farmer raising his own.
I I I I I III 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I H-I-
Produce Larger Amount of Feed Par
Acre Than Any Other Plant.
The chemical processes tbat occur In
the silo during fermentation make the
material more digestible. This process
la supposed to be almost Identical with
the change that takes plnce In the first
stomach of the cow. says the American
Agriculturist. The effect Is to break
down the fibrous substance and rendet
It more soluble. The effect of feeding
sllnge to milk cows Is the sanio as that
of turning them Into a green pasture.
The silo provides n cheap feed that can
be used with good results at any time
of the year. It prevents the sacrifice
of young stock because of a shortage
of feed It utilizes the cornstalks,
takes drudgery out of winter feeding,
and one has only to inuke a little In
vestlgatlon to tlnd the silo owners well
satisfied with the plan.
Corn Is the great silage plant of
America. It l adapted to a wldo range
of latitude and longitude and will pro
duce the largest amount of nutritive
ullage per acre of any crop we can
grow KiTt ceil to twenty tons of green
fodder can he grown on one acre with
out dilllcnlty In nearly any part of the
corn belt
Many experiment have shown that
corn for silage contains tho most nu
trinient when the kernels begin to
glaze or when denting Is established
and before the lower leaves of tin
plant begin to dry If cut before till
period too large a percentage of watei
Is harvested with the crop, while the
greatest development of food substance
has not been reached by the plant
If silage Is to ls fsl with greatest
satisfaction It must le sweet and In
perfect condition. It Is spoiled by
coming In contact with air There
fore the silo should not t of too
great diameter. Not more than eight
square fi-ot should be allowed for eiu h
cow to be fed In winter. When feed
lug forty pounds of silage per cow a
layer almut one and a half Inches deep
will be foil off dally When feeding
In summer It Is advisable that the ex
posed area be not over half this size,
so that n layer three Inches deep may
be used daily. No silo should lie
larger than twenty to twenty two feet
In diameter, because distance from
the door Increases labor of removal.
To be well proportioned the height of
a silo should not he more than twice
the diameter. No silo should ho less
than thirty feet deep, and to get suitl
clent deptfl for a silo not over twelve
feet In ilia meter It may be placed four
or (he fret In the ground.
Silage will usually be needed alKiilt
oHi days, or from about ' t. "jn to
May 10 If we have a herd of thirty
cows to which we wish to feed silage
for 'Jin days It will not. in a rule, be
well to feed over forty mhiimIs of si
lage dally per head. If this quantity
be feil loo tons of silage will ls re
quired, for w hich 110 tons of corn fod
der must be placed In the silo. Tak
ing forty pounds as the average
weight of a cubic foot of corn silage,
each ton of silage will therefore take
up lifly cubic feet and loo tons 5.000
cubic feet.
Shelter For Hcgs.
When hogs are tiy ued out to pasture
lu the spring or fall they need some
kind of protection from the weather
und a shed, such as Is shown In the
accompanying Illustration, Is very con
venient, therefore, to have, suys the
American Cultivator It can be made
any size desired, but If only about six
feet wide, five feet long and four fet
high It can be more easily handled
than If larger. It Is composed of one
Inch roofing boards spiked to 2 by t
studding at the comb and eaves, with
the back gable boarded up and the
front out left with an opening as la
A shed like this Is verv nice to have
for sows They can lie given the full
run oi the pasture or lot, allowed to
select their own nesting place and
then it desired, the slid taken to tile
,. " i .-t vcr it - ' "iii'l always
ii such a way lis to a fiord the
etc lion possible from wind
a. . -ill -.ih! court the sunshine, and
. i.'",. of str(W put Inside will
' . e eoiniM-ti oie aim repay
t;, -e pored to keep the lam ites
wa . 'i dry
Plant Nut or Fruit Trees Along
the Gutters.
Nothing Adds to or Datraote From tha
Beauty of a Road More Than Ite
6 idea A Few Qood Typee of Treee
to Plant.
"There la nothing which adds more
to the beauty of a road than the treat
metit of Its sides. No matter how
smooth and well constructed the trav
eled road may le. If tho roadside li
mit cared for tho highway as a whole
will not give a good Impression." says
Miss Alma littenberry.
"After a road Is completed rubbish
should le removed and eicavatlons and
embankments, except such as are nec
essary to the road, should be smoothed
is.--- arfafeEXSK-:
" fez?? Vriuma
Ineeot Peels That Might Have Bee
Kept Out of the United Btatee.
That the linlted Slates eta nils con
stantly lu danger of having aome sgrl
cultural pest or disease Introduced
from a foreign country, Just as the San
Jose scale was Introduced from Chlua
about thirty years iigo, that will abso
lutely ruin certain branches of agri
culture was one of the significant
statements made by Uilward A. Bea
ton of Ml not, N. I)., the speaker who
represented the students of the college
of agriculture at the commencement
eierclsea of the 'University of Wiscon
sin. The only way to ward off this
erll. an Id Mr. Henton. Is to provide a
strict system of quarantine which will
rigidly exclude all diseased- plants
from the country and a good domestic
quarantine system that will confUie
destructive Insects and plant diseases
to the localities where they are dis
covered "In no other country lu the world
do Insects and plant diseases Impiwe
heavier tax on farm products tbau
In the Culled States." declared Mr.
Benton. "They take fully 'JO per cent
I of our crops and entail a lose to agri
culture of f I.IMMKNMMX) '
"This situation hna been brought
; about simply by the Introduction of
diseases and pests from foreign
; lands." continued the speaker. "Three
! fourths of our pests aud diseases are
1 of foreign origin, and the number Is
constantly lie leasing The Kan Jose
scale, the cod I III moth, the Hessian
tly, even the common house fly. sre
all of foreign origin, and they all
could have lieetl excluded by proper
quarantine measures
j "The United States Is the only lin-
portnnl tuition of I he world which
! din's not pro Id" for such quarantine
' Even Turkey, will iml pennit the Im
1 portatlon of American iiui .eiy stock.
and (lernmny will admit ii" American
1 potatoes."
Some fanners are Imrn spe, lal
Istn and some lui.e their spei ml
ties thrust upon lliein. and some
escape being specialists to tln-,r
everlasting disadvantage Nu
tlonal Stock inn ii and I "at hut.
At fSSMUTLT It A It II I N llOA Isl 1 .K.
over iitnl sown with grass and all un
sightly brush and weeds removed lu
short, wherever possible the road
should run hctwivii strips of smooth
green sward, and suitable shade tiees
should be planted at Intervals so as
to provide a pleasing appearance to
the road and shade for the traveler.
"Shade lives are an important factor
hi reducing the cost of maintenance of
macula in rctds by reason of the fact
I lint they prevent the road from dry
ing out ami becoming dusty lu the so
lection of shade tris's care should be
taken to secure only those which are
suite I lo local eoiidll Ions. In all
II Is uii to choose n tree that Is h.udy.
grows rapidly and has a lunula m foil
a -re. A good plan is to plant ttees
with tops tifty feet apart, bit nMci
Hating oil cull side of I lie load so that
there will be a tree every twent.v the
feet. In soiiie portions of lleric.tiy
fruit tris-s are planted e teti-li cl
aloi.v Ihe road-ide. and a con hi. Table
leveniie Is derived 1 1 in the s.ile of
"There are a great variety of condl
I ion i existing In I he I' mied States, and
It would be imposed, ! to designate a
list of trees which would be adaptable
to all the road conditio is which might
eM ill the I'nited Slates miles It
were desirable In limit Ihe lid to fruit
or mil Is'iiring trees. If this were Ihe
case the fruit Is-nting trees vvblcli
would be best adapted to road condl
timis would be the apple and possibly
the pear III home localities. Apples
would cover nil that section of eastern
Culled States north of ihe Carolluas
Old Steel May Be Converted Into a
Ueeful Garden Tool.
The his' made thus gives belter re
sults as n cultivating tool than any
manufactured tool 1 have been able to
procure, says a letter In the Home and
Kami. The blade consists of the short
est leaf of an old buggy spring Such
springs are usually found laying uroiiml
country blacksmith shops, and the
work of converting It Into this useful
hoc In a matter of but u few minutes
or an hour at most. The spring will
be found to have a hole In the center
lit the place to Insert the shank, but
It will be necessary to ream It out
larger with a drill, which the black
smith can do. The shank may be
j, . n-. s -x, ..
4t -
and even south of this region U) the
Appalachian region. West of the
mountains the apple would serve us
far south as the gulf states and west
to the base of the It h Ly mo'itualus.
with crhaps the exception of Ihe ex
treme nor! hern part of .Minnesota. Ihe
linkolas uud .Molilalia, where some
oilier plants would have to be subsll
tilted for the apple, unless the crah
was used. The nut bearing trees
which would be adapted to this use
lu eastern United Stales would be
hickory, walnut and butternut for Ihe
New Ungland slates uud along the Ap
palachian mountains as far south as
Ccorgla. mid the distribution of these
nut trees would lake a northern I urn
on the west side of the Alleghany
mounliilns and should be used perhaps
soulh of central Kentucky und no far
ther west than Colorado. The hickory
will not thrive In northern Iowa,
northern Wisconsin, Minnesota or the
Iial otas. The black walnut, however,
will extend us far tiorlli as live south
ern part of Minnesota, over the easi.
ern part of Soulh linkotn, easlern Ne
braska mid Kansas On thy Pacific
const die F.ugll' h walnut, can be mod
a - a 'aib-tiiule lor the other nut trees
III l,IIV HI' 1. 1. N.I.
11'ri'iu Jioiuu und l-'uiiii.
made of a. h air Iik Ii rd. Make the
hole In the spring blade three eighths
Inch and tile a shoulder to the end
of the shn. I; tod to Just fit the hole
III the hoc Hade light, then insert Ulld
rivet or brad I'ovvn light. If mi ordi
nary goose lie, I, hoc handle, the blade
of which has been discarded. Is at
hand, it wli ' a very good handle
for the garden hoe. but II led It Is no
big ob lo mai.e a Handle, .ii.d a short
piece of tht-ee quarter in. !i pipe will
make a good ferule, mid lis extra
weight will Is- found of use when using
the hoe I have been using this hoe
In my garden lor some lime and llud
It easy lo dig deep and thoroughly cul
tivate the plants 1 hope that this re
minder will cause many old thrown
away buggy springs lo be 'converted
Into useful tools Instead of being al
lowed lo rust out
Forcing Crops by Eloctriaity.
A llritlsh Immigrant to Canada pro
poses to force his crops by heating the
soil by underground electric wires
spaced about live feet apart mid one
foot under the surface, twenty Ave
miles of wire being required for twen
ty acres of ground. The effect sought
appears to be Hi pilvalent of a con
tinuous, strong and penetrating sun
ahtiic on a glass house system, but with
tho further advantage of ability to reg
ulule the heat to a nicety. Scientific
Them 1m i'IsmiI iii'oiiilui In tlin
tuci inai whole classes or grim- ;
Hales of nviicuHural colleges go J
- back lo the farms, having learn-
ed how lo make them prolltnhlu.
L Secretary .lames Wilaou, Unit- y
7V ed . laf.-d Hep -.'it of Agfl-
cull lire '.
e, '
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