1) r xmime VOL. XXVII. LAKKVIKW, LAKK COUNTY, OREGON, THURSDAY, SKIT. 1900. NO. :7, ft ROOSEVELT TO IRRIGATIONISTS ncssage Read at Boise by Clifford Pinchot. TWO O'JESTIOMS 4RE I IVOLVEO. No Mrey AvnitaMe nt I're.iciit Tor Irrigation I'urpucs from Reclamation I'und. The follow Iid; iiiiMhton from (In- Pres ident wat road nt the Foiitoent h Irri gation Congress, hold nt HolrtC, lllllllO from September .'I to M, InchiHivo, by Giif or I Pin-hot. KoriMti-r ; To Tim Oirioi'iH itn l MiMiilii'i-ri of thi Irrigation Collgl'CSrt. Oporut ion under tlm Reclamation uct, which 1 signed on June 17, have boon runic I on cuol'gcl . leiidy during tln lour year sluco Hint dud'. Tho Ki'i'liitiuit ion Service, consoling of over liiii sk ill"''! engineer and ex- I f 1 1 rt ill Various lino, hart been organ ized, iiml It Ih now handling tin' work with riillity mi'l i lfi'flivi'iii'HM. Cuii Mtnii'tioii Ik iilrrmly well advanced on t wenty-throo great enterprise iu the arid Stale iiikI Territories. ()v r 1- IHMI,(lll IM'll'H of lllll.l llllVO Ill-Oil lllili out for Irrigation, and of this im,il' aero urn now under ditch ; Sou mile of rimiiln and ditchcH mul ,'IO,l foot of tunnel have lii'i'll completed ; mul , t M n , t m cti 1 1 it- yard of earth uilil :t,(mn,iioi cubic yard of rook have loeu moved. Detailed topographic ur vrya have tii't'ii extended over l'i,mn.t square inili of country within which tin1 reclamation a oik lit located, mul it I, i M inili-H of level liu-a have liecn run. Three hundred bu , !- eluding offices ami alooeping quarter for workmen, have boon eroded by th rcclamnt Ion service, mul about an equal number ly tint contractors. Over UI.imhi men ami about Ti.ixki liors on uro at present ini'loyil. Tin- period of general surveys ami ex uiiiiuat ionn for project in past. Kt fort I now concentrated in getting tln water upon n sulllclout urea of ir rigablo html in ouch project to put it on it revenue producing basis. To bring all the projects to t li ih point will require upwards of tio.oui.oiio, which itinount, it in estimated, will bo available from the receipt, from the disposal of pulilic hinds for tho years l'HI-r.H)S. Wo imiy well congratulate ourselves upon tho rapid progress nlroady inudo, mid rejoice that tho infancy of tho work him Immiii safely paused. Hut wo iniiHt not forgot that thorn aro danger and dillloultioa still ahead, and thut only unbroken vigilance, olllcioncy, iutofc'rity ami ood nonnowill huIIIco to provont dimthtor. Thoro It now no quonUon an to whoio tho work Hhiill ho donn, how it ishull ho dono, or tho procirto way iu which tho oxtomlituroH Hhall l0 imtdo. All that Ih Hottloit. Thoro roinaiiiH, liowovor, tho critical qiii-Htion of how liont to utilio tho ioclaimod landrt l.y putting thorn in to tho hands of actual oultivatorrt and homo makoirt, who will roturu tha or triiual outlay in annual inHtallmonts paid hack into tho roclumittion fund; tho (juoHtion of Hooinn that tho landrt aro UHod for homort, uud not for pur poHoH of Hpocuhttion or for tho Imild in up of laro fortunort. Thin (iioHtioii irt hy no menus sim plo. It in oany to make plana and upond money. During tho time whou tho Kovorninont in inakinc a ftroat in voHtmoiit like thin, tho nion in churno ure iirulrtod nud tho rapid prbnronn la commondod. Hut w hou tho tinio oomea for tho Kovornmont to domand tho re fuuil of tho iuvoHtmont undor tho torina of tho luw, thou tho law itaolf w ill bo put to tho toHt, aua liio iiminiy ' of ita itdmiulHtration will uppoar. Tho proHHHlnK daiiKor just now spring from tho doairo of Hourly eve ry inau to Ket und hold na much land as ho can, whether ho cau hamllo it proUtuMy or not, and whothor or not it la for tho lntoreat of tho tho com munity thut ho Hhould have It. Tho proaporlty of tho prexont irrl fjutod Hroua camo from tho auhdiviaiou of tho land und tho counoqueut inton Blvo cultivution. With an admpunto supply of water, u i'unn of 5 ucrea in bourn parla of the arid NVeat, or of 40 ucrea elaowhere , la as larno an may ho Hucceaafully tilled hy ono family. Wheu, Ihoreforo, a tnun attemi'ta to hold HKl ncri'H ol hmd coinplelely in i Hutnil l.y ( iovi'i iimeiil work, ho irt pre vent inn olhei'H from acipiirini a home, and U actiiiilly keeping down the pop ulation of tho HI lite. Specula) ion In landrt reclaimed ' ' t ho ( ioveriMiii'lit iiiiihI ho chocked at w hnlever cox).. Tho olijoct of the Ho cliiiiiut ion Act In not to miik'i money lillt to llllllie hoiuoH. Thol'olol'o t.lie 10- ipiireiiientM n( Hid ICiu'laimtlioii Act. ! that the blo of tho farm unit xhall he J limited in each region to tho area which will coiiifortiilily Mipporl on.) ' fitmily iiiunt hit ouforceil in letter and I in Hpirlt. 'l lilrt iloeH not menu that I tho farm unit hIiiiII ho milf ielcnt lor I tho prcM'iit. family with It future Krown children and randc hlMrcu, hut rat her that during (he ten jeitrn of payment tlio area iniiine I lor each fitmily hhall Ihi Hilllcient to nupport It. When unco Hut farina have lieen fully tilled hy freeholderrt, litlh' dan kit of hind monopoly w ill remain. Thla yreat meet ini; of practical Irrl Uittorrt hhoiilil kIvo part Icular utteiitioli to thirt prolih'iu and otheiH of the name kind. You hIioiiIiI, nud 1 donlit not that you will, Vivo your etroctnal hu poft to t ho oll'irei if the ( iovernmelit in miik i in,' the Hi'i'lamiilioii law coc- centiul In all reHpectrt, and particular ly in t-'eltjiiK hack tho original invert' ment, mi I ha tho money may lie need iiKuin and aaiii in tho completion of tit her projoclH and thun in the noner- at exti-nxiiiii of prottpenly in tho Wot. I'utll it hat Ix'cn proved that thin Kreat investment or if IO.inid.imi in ir rik'utiou iniulo hy tho t ioverument will ho returning to the Treitrtiiry, it in iihc ItMet to txpict thut tho people of the country will comddcr diriwt npproprl Itt lourt for tho work. Let unlive the Kochimatioii Service a chance to util ize t he present invoHtment ft wcoud timo he: ore dirtciirtniuK Hitch increio.0. 1 look forward with roat coulldiMico to tho IVrtlllt. Hy the hide of tho lu lamat Ion Service there hart k'rowu up uiiotht r Hervico of not h'Hn intoioHt nud vuluo to yc i of W!ttt. "Thiii I" tho l'oreht Seri'e" which wiih created when tho charge of tho forest rcHei'voH wan trauatorred from tho Interior epnrtuiout to tho I )oiiirtiiit'nt of Agriculture. Tho forest policy of tho administration, which tho l'Wctit Secrvice in cuaKed in carry inn out, ia hanod, uh I have olton hiiid, on tho viorourt purpose to make every rcaourao of tho forortt re servort coiitriliiito iu tho hikdient decree to the ponnanant pronpfiity of the people who depend upou them. If over tho timo should come when tho western forests aro destroyed, there will disappear with thotn tho prosper it y of tho xtockman, tho miner, the lumlierman, and tho ruilroada and, most important of all, tho small ninth -man who cultivates his own html. I know that you are with me in the In tention to preserve the timber, tho water, ami tho jtraHs hy usiiiK them fully, hut wisely and conservatively. Wo propose to do this through freertt nud inof.t cordial co operation between tho (ioverument and every man . who is iu sympathy with thirt policy, the wisdom of which no inau who knows tho facta can for a moment doubt. It la ikiw loss than two years since the Forest Service wan established. It had u nrout task beforo it to crouto or reorganize tho Service on it hundred forest removes ami to uacertuiu uud moot tho very different local condi tiona und local neoda nil over tho West. Thia taitk Is not finished, und of course it could not huvo boou finished in so short a time. Hut the work has boon carriod forwurd with euorgy nud intelliKonc, nud enough has boon done to allow how our forest policy la work ing out. The result of first importance to you as lrriutora ia thia: The Forest Service haa proved that forest fires can be controlled, by controlling thorn. Only oue-touth of 1 per cent of tho area of the forest reaorvea waa burned over in HK)5. This nchlevoinont was due both to tho foroat. Service nud to the directive ussiatnno of Bottlers und others iu und neur tho reaorves. Kvo rytlnntf tho Government has ever apont upon ita foroBt work is u smull price to pay for tho kuowlodtfo thut tho Htreums w hich muko your prosper ity can bo and ure beiiitf freed from tho ever-proaout threat of forest firea. Tho lonKstunding and formory bitter dilferaucoa between the Btockmou and tho foreat ollloera aro nearly all aettlod Those which remalu are in process of Bottlemout. Hearty co-operatlou exists almoat everywhere botwoen the officers of the forest Sorviee and the local aaaoelatiou of Btockmeu, who are appointing advlaory committos which are ByHtomutlcully cousultod by the BEEF BUYERS ARE NOW IN THE FIELD. Swanson, Akins and Foulke All Here to Buy Lake County Beef Cattle. ('. Suhiihoii bought about .'1"0 head of beef from W. T. (dressier Tuortday, at I'Au Valley. Included in the band went Hovoral head beloiik'inK to ranch ern near Cedarvlllt'. Tho prictt paid watt iu tho neighborhood of fi'i cents. Mr. Akin, who is in this county to buy cat tie, stated to an Kxamincr re porter a few dayrt ntfo that he hud pur cliitrtrtd about N head of beef ou the Klamath Murh uud Silver Iuke counry. This lot of beef will probably Ko to tho city to the Western Meat Co. of which Co., Mr. Akin in u stockhol der, and he will buy about 1M) to put ou hirt much at Tule Lake, the old Carr stock much, Mr. Akin saya bo;f l-'onv-t Service on all utieslions in which they am concerned. This most satisfactory condition of mutual help will be its welcome to you as it ia to tho Administration aud to the stockmen. To the stockman it means more, ami more certain, grass; to you, iiecause of tho better protcc- . t inn nml wiser use of tho range, it j moans steadier stream-flow and more' water. Tint sales of forest-reserve timlicrto settlors, minora, lumbermen, and oth er users are increasing very rapidly, and in that way also the reserves ure sueeoNsfully meeting a growing need. lunula in tho forest reserves that are more valuable for agriculture than for forest purposes are Wing opened to settlement nud ent ry aa faat us their ugric ultural character can bo ascertain" ed. There la therefore no longer ex cuse for saying that tho reservea re tard the legitimate set I lenient and de velopment of the country. Ou the contrary, they promote and sustain that development, and they w ill do so in no way more powerfully than through their direct contributions to thv schools and roads. Ten per cent of all the money received from tho for est reserves goes to the States for tho use of the count ioa iu which tho reser vea lie, to bo used for schools aud roads. Tho amount of this contribu tion is neary 870, 000 for tho first year. It w ill grow bteadily larger, and will form a certain and permanent source of Income, w hich would not hnve been the case with tho taxes whose place it tukes. Finally, a body of Intelligent, prac tical, well-trained men, citizens of tho West ia being built up men iu whose hands tho public interests, including vnur ow n. are and will be safe. Ml )u..t results aro eood : but thev have uot been achieved by the Forest Service alone. Ou tho contrary, they represent also tho needs and sugges tions of tho people of tho West. They embody constant changes aud adjust ments to meet these suggestions and needs. Tho foieat policy of tho Gov ernment iu tho West, has now become what tho West desired to be. It is a National policy wider than the bouu diuiosof any State, aud larger than tho interests of any single iudustry. Of course it cauuot give any set of men exactly what they would choose. Undoubtedly tho irrigator would of ten like to have less stock on hia va tetsheda while tho stockman wants more. Tho lumberman would like to cut more timber, tho settler aud the miner would often liko him to cut less. The county nuthoritis waut to boo moro mony coming in for schools and roads .while the lumberman aud atock man object to the riae in value of tim ber aud grass. Hut the interests of the peoplo as a whole are, I repeat, Bufe iu the hands of tho Forest Service. Hy keeping the publio forests iu the public hnuds our foro&t policy substi tute tho good of tho whole people for the profits of tho privileged few. With thut result none will quarrel ex cept the men w ho are loaiug the chauce of personul profit at the public ex pense. Our western forest policy is baaoed upon meeting the wishes of tho best publio sentiment of tho whole West. It proposes to create new reserves wherever forest lauds Btill vacant are found iu the pulic domuiu, and to give the reserves already made the highest jare in tood condition thia year, and : k'rowern are hord to meet on prices. ' 1J saya that cattle In Kast'-rn Orr Hon and NorthiTii California are much better nrade, hirK;r and in bettor condil ion than the southern cattle. Hi; stated that he had handled the XL beef every year for 15 years and the Improvement iu grade from year to year ia marked. K. L. Foulko of Gazelle, Calif., ia registered at Hotel LakcView. (! Swimson 1ms purchased 1."0) h-t'td of beef cattle from the 7T cattle Jinn iu Warner. Neither Mr. Swanaon nor hir M iiler would give out the price, but a rood uesser nt the figure Hot-e uroiin 1 ii1 centrt. possible usefulness to all the people. So far our promise to the people in regard to it have all I een made good ; aud 1 Uave faith-that thia policy will be carried to auccessful completion, because I believe that the people of the West are behind it. Sincerely, Vours, Theodore Roosevelt. Will Build to Lakeview. Tho o.iitor or the Klamath Fulls Re publican gleaned some important rail road news from prominent railroad men w ho visited Klamath Falls recent ly and regardless of the denial of an in terested party, which denials are al ways forthcoming, all indicatious seem to substantiate what the Repub lican outlines aa the future plans of rait road builders in Lake and Klamath county, iu Oregon, aud Modoc coun ty in California. In speaking of the proposed railroads into Klamath coun ty, the Republican says: "A prominent factor in this propos ed liue to this baisu is the electric line that ia contemplated to connect thia city with Whitelake, Merrill, arid Houan.a, and which ia being pushed by J. 1). Carroll. Its entrancei nto the arena haa been comparatively recent. So recent, that its proposed extension to Lakeview is not generally known and positvely denied by Mr. Carroll. Hut the road is going to be built to Lakeview, aud it is this proposed ex teution thut let the ".nt out of the bag. Wheu tho Portland excursionists were here, amog their number were several gentlemen from Portluud, Everett, Seattle, aud Tacoma. Ostensibly they availed themselves of the opportunity to visit thia section with agreeable companions aud under such circum stances. The real purpose of their i vit,it however, was to seo Mr. Carroll examine his project, visit various 1 points in the basiu, Lakeview, Hly, and Alturaa. Their actions aroused consuleurhle specualtiou at the time, and investigation produced tho follow iug resulta : The N. C. & O which is a recogniz ed Gould road, and which is now ; building to Alturaa, will be extended I to Lakeview, where connection will be made with the Carroll road and give entrance to the Klamath buaiu. From Lakeview the road will be ex tended to Hly. From Hly it will be buiL to u low pass iu the vicinity of Diamoud Lake, thence down the Ump qua valley to Uoseburg aud on to Coos Hay. The reported control of Corval lis & F.astern, said to have passed to the Gould interests, appears to be er roneous. It is tho Hill clique thut has beeu figuring iu thia property. The road ia to be built from Idauuh to Ontario, with a branch to Lakeview via Harney, where it will mnke conuec tions with the Western Pacific uud tho Carroll road. Connected w itu this proposed extension of the Northern Pacific is tho present activity of the Weyerhaeuser lumber company in this section. Tho president and many of the prinicpal stockholders of thia great corporation uro diroctors or stock holders iu tho Northern Pacific The inimenso Walker holdings in te North era part of thia county and exteudiug ou to Priueville, have boeu either pooled with or purchased by tho Wey erhaeuset company. A further plan is to exteud the Klamath Lake road to this city, where, through tho Carroll road it can secure uu outlet to aud connection with the Western Pacific and Northern Pacific, Mr. Carroll wan iu the city Tueaday afternoon for a brief period and when questioned in regard to this propo.-od association of hia enterprise with that of Gould, and Mill, he most emphati cally denied it. He further denied that an extension of hia line to Lake view was contemplated. However, when it was pointed out to him that the movements of hia recent visitors were well known aud that, it had been positively stated by those'who aught t o Ite in h position to know, thut hia line would lo extended to Lakeview, he appeared somewhat embarrassed, aud then hedged behind his old state ment "1 know absolutely nothing a bout it and have not a word to say". In view of hit determination to be silent, it was not possible to ascertain why Mr. Swartout of Everett made such a close examination of his pro posed route and plans, aud visited lily, Lakeview, and Alturaa. Why Mr. Hew itt, reputed to be Washington's I richest resident, did neary the same thing. Why that Washington engineer was here for the purpose of making an examination of the country and why that examination extended to Lake view and the Diamond lake country. These and many other questions of direct hearing on the question he declined to answer. Hut notwithstanding his reticenuc, that before three jeara roll by this city will have connection with the Northern Pacific aud the Western Pa ciflc railroads. Plush Plushery. Plush is just foaming. Haying is in full blast yet, and will be in this vi cinity until snow flies. Plenty of hay plenty of cattle , horses and sheep. Plenty of generosity and plenty of good prospects in gold from the mines, yet the Cedarville Record says there is nothing out here but wind. Now who or w hat is this Cedarville Record? If I am truly informed Cedarville is a one horse town over here across the Oregon line iu Modoc County Cal., where the branching shadowey Cedar shakes uot. Where no sweet linnets sing, but the fierce eagle is king. It ia u dreury spot It has a one mule paper called the Record, and a very poor record at that, and by all ac counts the Record is run by an uncle to a mule. Oh what a journalist and what a desecration on the grand field of Journalism. I should not wonder if the disgruntled spirit of Horace Gree ly and C. A. Dana, aud even the liv ing Duisy Smith of Lakeview, would riae up in their wratk aud each armed w ith a wet rag beat poor neighbor Stanley to death. He criticizes our miuea without 1. ! n 4 l i . . .i I w- i , , 1 1 i.ni nit mnM ! KUUnlU, a LUIU auuiil lucui) iuui than he knows about Journalism; why dont he come aud investigate? No, he is jealous aud would like to keep all the blow aud wiud at his side of the mountain and besides, we are told, he is too lazy to investigate anything: That if the great fire of Frisco or the fire of Vesuvious was at his heels, he would scarcely move. Poor Stanley I R, I. P. There is being a good deal of assess ment work done at the mines and new finds have been made, that nothing has been reported, aud the local solid men, that own good claims., want no wiud, or anything said about them. Outsiders and Adventurers does all the talking., also malcontents of the tramp class who expecta, when they come aloug, some one ought to have a bag full of nuggets ready for them to puck otL There are some men here from the East representing lota of capital, who waut to buy several claims, aud there are several people prospecting ou the head of McDowell and Twelve mile Creeks, with good reports. There is strong talk of run uiug aud building an Electric road from Plush to the mines, aud out as fur as Juniper Mountain, to the Salt petre discovery. Most Obsequious McCarthy Come Down , Was a Saddle Horse, The meager report of au accident which happeued to Miss Mabel Wible of south Warner last week, caused the examiuer to make a slight error. We stated, as the word came to us, that Miss Wible was driving a horse which became uumanagoable and ran away, w hen Miss Wible waa riding the horse tryiug to head oil another horse in a laue. Her horse stumbled and fell, throwing her. The horse regain ed hia feet and started after the loose animal aud rau iuto wire feuce, cut ting his windpipe and jugular voiu. The horse wub a favorite of the Wible family. LAKEVIEW'S BUS INESS COLLEGE, Will Open Next Monday, September the 27th. BUILDING IS NOrY II FINE SHAPE A Business College is a Direct Road to Succee- -Grasp the Opportunity. The Lakeview Husinesa College is established, as the name pur porta, for the purpose of affording thorough education in business practi ce. The advantage of a commercial training is apparaut to all and cannot be overestimated. It enables the young man or woman to secure easy, congenial and lucrative employment with numerous opportunities for pro motion. The course of study neces sary to fit one's self for such a posi tion require little time, ita cost is moderate and its results are a lifetime benefit. Professors Bigley and Trodden, who are in charge of the college are recom mended instructors of much exper ience in the teaching of commercial branches. An invitation ia extended to the parents of pupils and to other inter ested persons to call at auy time for the inspection of equipment and ob servation of teachers methods. The commodious college building is well lighted and ventilated aud ismod ern in every lespect. It is furniahed with all the necessary paraphernalia. The school year consists of two terms of five months. The. first term commences the second Monday in Sep tember. The course of studies includes the following subjects: Bookkeeping,Sbort baud, Typewriting, Correspondence, Commercial Arithmetic, Rapid Calcu lation, English Grammer, and Compo sition, Commercial Law, Civil Gov ernment, Penmanship, Spelling and Elocution. While the last named is not essential to a business education, nevertheless it is so graceful an accom pllshment that a knowledge of it is desirable. Its study is optional with the pupil. Several Smith-Premier No. 2. Type writers of the lates pattern, have been secured. This machine is one of the most reliable made. Its clearness of print, the noiselessness of operation and the absence of the troublesome "shift key" are reasons for ita great popularity. Tne Graham system of shorthand, the system taught at this college combin es, in a marked degree the two requi sites of speed and legibility, and is used by thousands of stenographers throughout the country. Attendance duriug oue school term guarantees proficiency in stenography. Bookkeeping both single aud double entry, is taught along the lines laid down by the Williams aud Rodger texts. The Budget system is used in conjuuetiou. Business forms, such as checks, drafts, notes, bills, receipts, to., are in actual use by the studeuts, the work thus becoming simplified and the Impression more lasting. The other subjects are taught after . the most improved methods and abso lute satisfaction is guaranteed. The terms for the complete course are ten dollars per mouth, payable in advance. Books, blanks and station ery sufficient for the eutire course may be procured for a sum not exceeding fifteen dollais. Evening School An evening school will be opened for the convenience of those who are unable ti attend during the day. The course aud terms are the same as stat ed above. Pupils are instructed individually. It has been frequently demonstrated that woik in classes benefits only the medicore. The rapid learner is retarded, while the pupil who finds difficulty is, in a measure, neglected and becomes dis couraged. Iu this college each pupil is advanced exactly as his capacity warrants. This method insures best results. Special attention is given to those who are deficient iu the elemen tary branches. Hours. Day, 9 to 11 :45 A. M. 1 to 3;:iOP, M. Evening, 7 to 9.