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About Lake County examiner. (Lakeview, Lake County, Or.) 1880-1915 | View Entire Issue (July 12, 1906)
BEEF TRUST METHODS.
TIlOVSAXnS OF IICMAX PEIXGS
CKOVXD iwirx in PITILESS
Inhuman Treatment of Men and
Women Who Are forced to Work
In Great Estnblihmcnts.-ln Low
est Depths of Misery.
Br UrroN Sinclatb.
(New Tork World J
- It is literally the truth that the rack
era treat their men like dogs. There
Is no place in all rackingtown where
the slightest ' consideration is shown
for a human being. They are com
pelled to be on hand at a certain hour
in the morning, even though there Is
no killing to le done; they are laid off
without the slightest ceremony, and
they have no Idea when the work will
start up again. They are cheated out
of their pay most shamelessly; if
enough men happen to be on hand the
bosses will start them up before the
whistles blow, and cheat tliem that
way. If they are working overtime
and do not make a full hour, even
though they fail by only five minutes,
they get nothing for it. If any error
is made in the computation of their
work they have no redress; there Is
always one answer to every complaint:
"If you do not like it you can p-o else
where." ONE VAST TliTST.
The conditions in Packingtown have
reached their present state of degrad
ation by the natural process of com
petition, or rather, there is competi
tion of labor while there is no competi
tion of capital.. There is but one
vast employing trust and a bodv of
absolutely unorganized and helpless
types of human beings are coming
there. There has beon a regular pro
cession or tne rares through Packing
town: the Industry was founded bv
skilled cattle butchers from Germany;
then they began the importing of Irish
men. After the strike of 1894 they set
to work deliberately to crowd the labor
market so as to prevent further trou
bles; first they brought Poles, then
Bohemians, then Lithuanians, and now
finally Slovaks. These are nearly all
undersized, wretched people who can
not speak English, and who impress
one as having no more intelligence
than a dumb animal. The bosses beat
them and kick them and spit in their
faces. I saw sights of this sort which
fairly made my blood boil. I saw a
poor, wretched Lithuanian pushing a
truck in one of Swift & Co.'s cellars;
it was loaded with hams, and the poor
fellow was scarcely able to stir it on
the level floor. He came to a slight
incline and could not get it up, and the
boss fell upon him and pounded him
out of the place. I presume that he
was "tiring" him. Another and
stronger man took his place.
COMPELLED TO VISIT SAfOOXS.
One of the things pointed out in the
President's report is that the men are
provided with no places to eat. It is
difficult to Imagine what this means in
the winter time. I saw them crouching
In the stairways of the packing
houses and outside under the sheds to
get away from the falling snow. In
conversation with one of the packers
I spoke of the horribly low wages that
were paid to the men, and he answered
that there was no use ia paying any
more, because the balance went to the
wooden floor and slide part way Into
a filthy men's toilet It was picked tip
by two employes, placed upon a truck,
carried into the cooling room and hung
up with other carcasses, no effort being
made to clean 1U
'In another establishment, equally
well known, a long table waa noted
covered with several hundred pounds
of cooked scraps of beef and other
meats. Some of these meat scraps were
dry. leathery, and unfit to be eaten;
and In the heap were found pieces of
plg-skln, and even some bits of rope
strands and other rubbish. Inquiry
evoked the frank admission from the
man In charge that this was to be
ground up and used in making 'potted
liome-niuJe Hone Fertilizer.
Everyone with a large garden lias an
out of tho way place for fertilizers
where a "lw barrel" could le placed.
To mluce- Itonos to fertiliser without
the use of acids takes time, but for
the home garden it Is well worth wait
ing for. Put in a barrel three or four
inches of soil, then a closely packed
layer of bones, broken up somewhat,
and cover these with wood ashes and
wet with liquid manure from the
PROFITS IX CUICKEXS.
Crate and Machine Fattening tiring
the Highest Prices.
T. V. McOrew.
Some time Rlnoo we published nn
article on poultry growing North and
West, and reform, to the large num
ber of Towls that aro grown upon the
wheat Ileitis of tho Northwest and
which are purchased and shipped In to
the big packing establishment of
Kansas t'lty and other western centres.
The packer of the west hare estab
lished enormous finishing plant, as
they are called, for the feeding, fat
tening and preparing of poultry of all
kinds for market. Thofowlsheroare re
ceived In largo numtiera, placed In
coops that bold from throe to Ave
bird, according to their slao, and are
"trough fed" that Is, they are fed a
mixture of ground meal properly pre
pared in troughs, and ormitted to
eat as much a they will consume,
from three to tlve times per day.
Poultry crate-fattened In this way
will continue to eat well and thrive
from nine to twelve days. So soon a
they cease to feed themselves raven
ously from these troughs, what I
known as the cramming machine la
brought Into service. The manipulator
of the cramming machine must have
experience in the handling and feed
ing of the fowls In this way. The
rszrsx ii. id :ri :i im 111 :i iv,wa
.an f I ..m.J.. II I I I II 'Ait M I I III Mil H I
m mi m jLr i ar r - n m - - - - - mi-w "vi. v ;-y-JTvf
m a ii .mm . ..an xi-ar ai w i aaaaaaaaaan a amma man aaTaaar i -c .11 , i r jra at at a.
ndlZ J mi THIS CHINA SET FREE TO ANYONE I I IMVtWryN
tlr rjrtH 5 J llV'riirti'i-h(Ti-l. m.l Wnl-tir-l I.miv.i n. I.-I II m n ,-, In- ... Ti
SUELTERHD CnAlTS TSEH FOR CUATE-FATTEXING.
POt LTKY STLFl'EHS AT WORK.
stables, if possible, or with plain water
strengthened with 10 cents worth
of washing ammonia. Itepeat tho
layers as there are bones enough tintil
the barrel is full. Cover with soil,
rounding the surface, and sow with
clover or grass seed, or plant the top
with some plant that will knit the soil
together as a cover, that will not let
through much moisture. In a year's
8m?; I I hi v' I
FROM THE BEEF TRUST REPORT.
E ttract From Neiil-Keynold Docu
ment Which the President Sent
"An absence of cleanliness was found
.rvwhcra in the handling of meat
"As an extreme example of the en
tire diniegard on the part of employes
of any notion of cleanliness in handling
dreased meat, we saw a hog that had
Just been killed, cleaned, washed, and
Urted on its way to the cooling room
fall from tht slldlog rail to a dlrtx
time empty the barrel, sp.nl;? the con
tents together, make into a heap, and
let It stand for a month, then use as
J. OGIiEN ARMOUR. T'l'TOX SINCLAIR
TWO PIIOMIXEXT MEN IN THE BEEF TKCKT IN VESTIGATION
saloon keeper. -My reply was that for
one thing I had observed that the com
panies pay their men in checks, and
that saloons are the most convenient
places in which these can be cashed;
and that also as a consequence of the
lack of dining-rooms the men are liter
ally compelled to resort to the saloons
in winter. The packer then dropped
Prior to the last strike In Chicago
the union officers made a computation,
based upon ten thouand time efcocks,
and found that the average weekly
wage in Packingtown was between $5
and $6; since the strike, conditions
have of course grown worse. A friend
of mine who has recently been making
Investigations for me stated that he
Btood in a saloon on a Saturday night
and gathered up the pay envelopes of
the men as they came in and got their
checks cashed. He collected over a
score, and the average was less than
$1- there were some as low as 51.70.
This represented a week's wages for an
able-bodied man In Packingtown. at a
cramming machine is comiKised of a
feed trough or chamlwr placed uiwn
the top of a three-legged, movable
table, as it might be called, with a
plunger in the top, placed there after
the cylinder Is filled with the properly
prepared food, and with the pressure
of the foot uion the lever, the food U
forced through the tulw Into the crop
of the fowl.
THE CHAM M Hit IS AX EXPEUT.
The operator In charge of the cram
ming machine has several assistants
who bring the fowls from the coop to
him; he placing tho tuln; down tho
throat beyond the windpipe toward
the crop, tills the same by a pressure
of the foot, always gauging the amount
forced into the crop by the hand
pressure upon It.
This manner of feeding is carried on
for a BUtHcicnt number of das to
make the entire period of feeding from
V.) to .1 days. An experienced handler
knows just the time when the fowU
are finished ready for killing. When
this time arrives, they are speedily
killed, dry-picked, and placed iu proper
condition for market.
The food made use of for this pur
pose is a mixture of meals of several
kinds, to conform to the requirements
of the market. (r round outs, corn
and middlings, mixed with boiled
milk or water into u very dry mash
or mixeii rood is main; use or ror ine
first EJ to 14 days for trough feeding.
I Hiring this period, the fowls have
grit and plenty of water to drink
where they can help themselves.
soon as they show a disposition to
stop feeding themselves, all the food.
j water and grit is removed from the
'trough, and the stuffing machine is
.brought into service. The same meals
! mixed into a grind are used for this
I purpose, the food forced into the crop
1 nt niit intnt
Hf.lt. Wftlat HtrttiM. rivltml l,ntti,n&
br iilA.tlo I tMin-U nt la t--ji.llr
pn l.lml .nran l tlo hi. Shirt
Bu citiultnft.ttoti IfM.v.n, I.-, frt.nl.
tutl iy,.M, full uruuiij I ItA hniil,.
r. alma frmt ..-tlnii. A Mtltnn. Cup
I" with mt-h int. W'f l-o Btrt out
fit d.nitlna of .trvfifj vlr Maall,
pair flaldor'a Qlovaa. atahyr'. MIU
M iwaniiaOM aaaail. Thn K.-t
n.l )r).t OnmplMo llaantotll tHltnta,
flirD fur a.llma; onlj 33 of our hlah
fr.l, aitra laran, hftnatltrhml
5nd no Money We trust youJust write- us (or
t Rxtra Ijirjce, high Rr.ide, ppeeial make, Hemstitch
ed Handkerchief! which we deliver free, without ad
vance payment or deposit. Sell them f- ir tit nt only tor
each and we will ship you freeof all eipcnse costly and
desirable premiums or your choice from our list of I dia
mond Kings, Kitlcs.Watchcs, Cameras, Silk Shawls, I .nee
Curtain, etc. take back w hat is unsold and reward
you lust the same. Handkerchiefs are n ncccessity
and easily sold. Premiums delivered promptly.
WOOD WOOD CO. Dept. No. 179.
Ma. t a0DWAVt
TMa raraaol la i 4 loahaa VK.
llrl. tlil. la O.o ... tllt, .lallllloat Kfl
!,.-( vinl.l. .l-.l tlial haa r lna)
ai.n iwni. It la . arw iip..n,
r.,r I,. V.,n Olll . rm.la
ln,., ltl '1 Im ton ia i.ir...! all ii-r
all I1...I Milk lti.tr)- .ml III" I' ll"- la
M.t. . i.. t .... t. n..ff Hi Ik Itottlt i
a.. I .inkn. r n. h la Otul Mli lima tialu.
ml .-l all.-k, nnllixl amtilt.l IIik lo l l
r.-lli. Anr C"'"' "! "!. -'""l
tll.io. Mli.ilVmk, .lot will Irjwof
all . hart I" '" for allllia onlr of our
larao .1,0, l,.l. aira.lx. I.owallt. ul II an.
In-r. hlrf. a ol.l. Vk .'flh.
wa AL.O OIVB VOU AM T r.
INT .1 l.nilH ar mrMal Oraauataal
B.aa Hafltlm a l'ial .tmnliii all
hilk J-ata-.l. Iloth frna M uufi fmVau
Country Autoing on the Glorious Fourth.
I a . . I J- r tl Hi t aV WJk I
And d.fter lcoH for . thetrouUle - find it-
with tho Rtutllni; niaeblne In n semi
tluld Hndltloii. and no water or jrrlt
whatever Is yjlvon to the fowls durlnt;
this period, the semi -Ibpild fotnl fur
nlshlntf sutllclent moisture for the
CHEAT CAIN IN WEIGHT AND
Fowls that are fed In this way train
larircly In weluht. l'or Instance, n
fowl placed In the coop wek'hliitf three
pounds and a ouarter, bones, feathers
and offal, would welch from one and
a half to two imiuikIs more when tin
NIkmI. iiddlm; In this way two Mtiinds
of edible meat to the carcass, and so
Improving the entire carcass as to add
from three to four cents per xund to
Its value over that of poultry of that
kind not so well MiiIsIhhI. Thus, a fowl
weiu-hini,' three pounds and a quarter,
worth i) cents per pound, would sell for
thirty cents as It came from tho
ran !;. The same fowl, after licim: fed
three weeks, would weiirh the and a
quarter pounds and sell for twelve
cents a pound at the lowest cahula
tioti. which would le is." I cents for tho
same carcass, after navini; neon rea
for three weeks. The estimate placed
upon the cot r reeiiim: is aiHui ten
to twelve cents tier head.
What is known as the yellow-
kinned or yellow-nieated poultry Is
prime favorite In the markets of thl.
ountrv. To Intensiry ntul iM-autiry
the richness of these colors, meal made
from yellow corn Is larircly used in
the process of fattenlni;. Eor tho
Enirlish market, which . Is larircly
catered to by these packers, fowls
having the white color of tlesh are pro-
rred. To Intensify and Improve this,
ground oats, meal from white cortr,
and some linely ground rice Is made
use of. To add luster, finish and
quality to all these, a small per cent.
of melted tallow Is mixed into the
warm mash, and fed lu a scml-liquid
state the last four or five days of feed
The fattening of poultry with corn
adds fatty globules throughout tin
entire carcass. A fowl that has been
fattened with corn is usually what
might Ik termed greasy meat, whl'e
poultry finished or fattened In this
way lays on close or solid meat with
no globules of fat scattered through It.
Crate and machine fattened poultry
sells for the highest prlccH of any
poultry went to market.
A peculiarity In these conditions Is
the fact that poor or inferior speci
mens cannot be successfully fattened
or finished In this way. Only the well
grown thrifty specimens can be profit
ably crate-fattened und Improved in
weight ii rid character of flesh. One
must understand thoroughly well the
process of handling poultry for this
purpose, or he cannot succeed. Where
It is well done and nicely finished and
prepared for market, poultry finished
in this manner is the most desirable,
both in this country and abroad.
J'ACKINC EOU M AUK ET.
In packing for market, square boxes
that w ill hold V2, I'i and 4H chickens
are made use of, I-'owls all of one
size and weight with the mi mo ap
jieararioo are packed in one box. Thin
plan is of great advantage in selling.
I'armers and country people generally
lose a large amount of profit through
the carelessness in dressing and send
ing their fowls to market. When nice
ly graded and selected, all of one kind
in a package, both eggs and poultry
bring the highest prices. It Is tho
finest quality that makes the profit In
poultry growing. This is what the
large packing houses, which handle
Kindreds of thousands of fowls in this
way, aim to make of all they fatten.
MAIL HLLP WANTLD.
turn mlritl In vt rllltiif ntuv r
iht for niiHlnltl 1 v . !.". wtirh liirn Hi nin
hfilrtl'1 f r.f':.'U Htr II- ttMlfty. Jl AliHMUlH
Mill,' 14.1, ttuJM Unwilttny, N. .
AN KXI'Kltlr M I l M IlNr ltY Kn!-itiitii, !-
lUJtn lu lrn itin Imnltuf. Silnrv nr omuhIIhii,
rn-A iiutU ii Nur-M-n'. lt' -Into I, .N. V.
W AN'i'KIl ; A tliuulr! Klit iin ii kih! tlrnkriiH ii mi
dlflVtVhl ntllrmnU. .t Ji In ,ll uimhI niuUl hhU
liiNttliitf. Kn rlt-iH f uiitHt-r4uir) . I itfiin n ,!
timnt 1.1 v. Inh-uiiio 1 ntflm-i-r mttt turn 111 HniV -l;n
n 17(1 itintillily, Unntit t hihIim (tin nih rain
I'twaHlmtn NHnlltliif t otn ,-lMit li-tl. H lnl nlailtlM fur,
jwrtirtilarn. Niunr i-iltiii irfrrrN. KnHwny
ArvwN lit t Ion, litmlii tV St AliilirH Mmi ItpHikl) i
W AM'M: Aiit.itaiir (holocrnntm MtitaM fmr
nr-f h ml HfUrTiUltitf mil-Jit l-t. flull prhii mt'l trl
y Ii It (MMtatft fur r turn If tint mit niisl. i in- f m h,
J. rvin I inkti , Tli uM lilt t;'
MAI.KSMKS" Tt HH I. Hit- laiv- nt llpeof mi rfiir
WM i .if ilt lit tlir iHinit' . AUi lllrk', Hut i.f mh n
tlltiir fitiiM. Y. nt-tlfiil l'lr Inn, dixit t mmiilMMioi,
niwl rroiniit Ntil. in. A A If nil Ii1mihii. J'm-
HI AL LSI ATB.
WYS A IH1SS WAMU) In It-itni tht I 'luTiil.lna
Tnwlt. t'oinnlftr tht i iiiir1 In 2 or 1 mont hn, .In
nil if Mtrn fnttn f,l in fl -ru-,y ii U H iionit h
i t, m rlfiii tt nut-Mr. otj ti Join th" I iilmt tnl th.
tt in tut Yi to $.' "-r tin . ( utajt Vd' M'lit f r-r. I.iiIimi
Muinli.i.ti m fuM-l, I'.i W. nn m., Nr Vork.
'jil ACHKTItAtTMt lH.il hTrrtiH nml furrti mtui
(.ililhf ttnir t ittt.t Hlk'lilHIMl-i III Ahtlillml 1r l)
-nhU Mini . iimmiI hh 'i.titiihni titfiif In ri 1. 1 h , t.wr
t t nt i, t rti' ; ' ' H'M'iit r. luinnrli
ni.ly li-nli lifiil Nihil tt l-H-ki. t. lrlM.ttti tMtui
I ti.. I'M l-it --H- r t., hlrtik'ti. III
VMIH- WM HIH It.i lHiTV In
SuitlhtAt'tai KtiiMtit. W hit hitlr- )tt fur mrt Tt
)rfir huj hiif unit fllitiL Y nt.mn itlrt. I la ! p ri
in itu tM-ar i n nit n t H , ft' 4n. . rttc K I. n rm rr,
I IS h. j itttn-h' A i.. U I' hit 'l, Knh-n.
VlllOKMA ltltMAllHN UMlS. iNfH
nr till In .ii.H II in n; ti'H t h t f l't1 t fit It: irvrl,
lit It. it 1 1 u ltd mII ( ti I'tiiiilntii i'f m n l t , l4-fl i limit t
i. n mrih. I , .. I lti J It . 4 Itntnt tit tlM J iil
Mum in lilitfcf , I'm Aik !-, I nl
Tl VI l(Y I'liol'r It TV -M V MMaWllr r.
- I llflh-. tl lilt IM t , lititt U. Heliy, I II . I ntltft
I ti- 1n lnit-j.olhi. Injttin. i inrti wtUHt'tf t l
rull -ir writ, mi . i..r. I'lililljMi A VHhstfcX Jrlhuii
lltlllllllltf. ,Sl H i it tl ,
liirn' lflii.liafinj.li lit. ill.
... Iliii fcrr. i I'ark l'i..
"TTrnTT"w:i"i tt i u i . 1 1 1 1 1 k. x rn m i . i t s-a n v -
kreattHUt il.mlt nil itroiihil : mi ilti i.r hia.ka to
l..ir: at-iul 'X-. w It. nlt tiifraaiiri-itii-l.t iivt-r ril
Kf.rt .ok Kit v t. Ii.. ur tilw k. Irlu onai u 1 .1
I'rliii-e M.. Nrw Vnrk.
Al.liill.M'll 'I M'l ni l I H I "'"1 Iuii.Ii itinn.
,mt, Iht - .lrv.,11, IIM.i null ll.ilrlfl
.itilnin li.i liriil.lu.l.iiir lt..'"l. In a lMw-r.arm
r 11 im.ii ai !nir.w(fi.u in"..
IHMiK-KKK I'KIIV H'-i mil in.iil'l" H'ii'
l.i. i nml im-..tr I a-oi ria HIh.iiI r.i. Mini 'Hir
I rmlli atnr in w r fnlla. !"-fil 1"t la.lllr. Ut
O-rtiia l.i Air.nla. 11. A. Ink t.railHabn to, JtI
t.nliliii;tm Avr.. Si a "if k
M A UK TINS alaKillilrly initn-tr.t
Oil. r iraf " Mniilra rln iiuanl."
l.vi.nr tu.l.-i.l.l ll.lir IiMh.I
Ak ilt-uli-r t.r iM-f.il t rnta tiiln) fur iil'1 I laical
ani. .i-. II. liVillikl, 1IJ nral liblll Ml"l, nt
'TltTr? ii ai'il btctl huul di litbM wittiout rltxjtllnu a.tii tiwilitf m Ml of theHtiC U I
r-tltoisi nt nn 1 1... K-Mi,..lt-,.i,i. Air inn.
hlrll Ihuul. illlinM.il I....,, ..In .1... ....II..... mul.nril.
baat (radaof ataal, Onalr Ulrknl i.lalxl, ai.i I lUaal.K k, wlilrli la aiad. of oll4
aaluut, la)uat IU. tliiua: lur aiiiall uitia or lartfat racliraior tblaBinf'Mit Ion.. til
aiuriMliatiu alito.aii icn liaa. lKJjror (ranch uiurluao, llualv ailtalia4
ao.i una. cava ana im nua-i aim ltiiK, la1 lanana llinmal. allien )uq
Billaa lati . or t Ii ia alw all 1 1 r anirt .l it... .ih.l .! .tmm af. A marl
can Diclaaliu mnr icuarautaxl "llulU ' Mnlrh, aim Ii lauol . orkat
"i a wa i aiu.i m a.arnti-a .nl lima knafin. quanuaa
to a inir oiiiiar .oiii aatcmnr Una lUlialilal'ainara ami ooiuflata
rrtliliiia and ilaanloplun oullit. Iliclu.liliil ilri ,lala, ato., I.ir aall.
UK :'4uf our hau'laf'tli jnaalrr nuvaltltw al lur aach. 1 liaaa noval.
tiaa ara mllrli ll.a li. an. liantlMtma-1 ar u9mf4 ami .r.
Ixiunl to aall at a alit. r t-r,onaol r.inr frian.l. will lx la-l Ki hur
onm r ttio-a fmai i.u a. Ihr araairh..a.al tha.rli-a JUat UNO
TOUR NAM I .ml aaailjawml I ham to roll lir mall. tMtpal'l ha.
aol.l.aaml ll.a i.' 10 nu rmmfn ami an will .nd mtf yitur
clioira of .tM.va art irlM tliaaama mm rrfn ,.,ir rain lit ani-a.
n a h.i. nllirr tir air. .lima In ... It.i , r .n.. A. . . ma... i i.h . .
Wrt,. y. ,.a,r. nlttl. urn. t ii . ii.ki. i I nil acit.
This ELEGANT Watch $3iI2
litaW T ws-t "fai n Ik It oi.t m) MkJ to
ftw -. M4 t14rM t44 M )!! atvl UnHM
f-aj iimiImo-. t ttf.4t WATCH AND
BUaHMaa a). a4itl rlll afftt. tta Vltvl Mat
twm twt tiutl !. rltr id -'' m4
rtMWwa. OTTwca MM I . 9Uh U
llal4 tawl Nt LaV4la4) Mf Mt ftftlM fnf l1t.
If ymt " It qi) j $n 1,111 t)
ril.l.rit WATMI Wirrwit) Till .tH-
rf tba 1H wl t lb a) t U to fvtirt Uitf
f ikAfMlaaJ MBl Villi Mr tMek). Mwitoa
If f HI OMt.' U4bk rlH A l'lrvt
Gray Hair Restored.
s -"WALNUTTA HAIR STAIN"
JfjJvJ llo.iorn Or7, HirrnkM or
ffrriwi '"""'"'I Huir nr .Mnuiini..i
IV La Inalantunr-oualv. f .laca nit v J..'.,I..
Imin l.l.ht liroaa to illack.
I.m-a aot wuah or rub off. t 'on.
tiiiua no iia..iia an. I la n. l an-k r
ii.ii vi-'tMv. r..i.i i.y nil nriiKi.aia.
r.n u tri-il Li r... O.... . . i'
lixrue ajo (i-iKlit fiuH.a na mui ln one. If y.,nr Onvniat!
Iloll t M il II M-mi .Ilri-. t In HI. ru-li.l tliO yellow
wrnpimr from two N.im. i.tin-lumcil from it drnmim
nU we will kIvm you u fnli-al.n Ii1I1h fur n.al.n.
WiLM'ITl CO., 1 401a K Olive Ht.t u Uuli,Ma
-a jaw rra.1.
It rlptniitititrittra ttn It KAI. Mrnlntr iuim nt
I' ill ft - I lit b iwiwvinilka. fltiAiii'lAara .i1Ia ..t.... -JU
lihitt imm th iiiMf. m
U tnafa.a. I 1 l t'UTI .' 1 fllM lllf lfl
Hrtili li An i-wl riit K. In wnrtit 110 ft oil.
to ny inttn who tfiiil Ut lurrat mny V
limner, iiMMttfir mtll who liaa motir-jr In v,
"m 'i ihii'miiiiihiit ; or wiiii rmn hvh tv uii nr
lii'.r mt f mm tli, tmt trlui tiMii'l ltrul tha
rt nt lllVMttllitf fnf nriiflt.
thn kliowlntuti fltiaiitrltir aittil
It Mhii n hfiw tti lnMit mktl iima a.n1 ha tb'
, tt niahn thiin ffrnw Into fortniiftv -tha vt.
MmjhlMfti of iiitt lllti'iit liivaatinttnu,
i. r i a ttin unurmnui nrnnta Ynkara
niMMiaiii hn huw uttm nan umka Uie
nrotua n.tri iv.
It fii'liiliiH Hfiw nf uirn(lmi, fortun.
miln ami WHY Uur r tiia)-huw i.ouu
LXrowg to f-Ai.uw.
To IntrtMtura my maffajfna. writ ma tvi .nr
maritlnn thN naiMir ami I'll atiiil it mv
w. i nn rnr.r..
Kit I T It CIIKIJOBY,
4U0.T7 Jarkaaa Haul., ( klaaf
Cultivation of Garden Crops.
Frequent nhallow cultivation should
be employed for rnowt garden crops,
and during dry weather the depth
Nhould not exceed 2 Inches. liy keep
ing the surface noil well stirred what
Is termed a "dust mulch" Is formed,
and while this layer of iluely pulver
ized soil will heroine iuite dry, It pre
vents the csciipe of moisture through
the pores of the soil. A mulch con
sisting of fine manure, clippings from
the lawn, or any slmihir material,
Kpn-iid to a distance of 10 or YZ Inches
around the plant will preserve tho
moisture; hut the mulch should not ho
so heavy or matted an to exclude tho
A crust forming over tho soil after
a rain or watering IH detrimental to
plant growth and should bo broken up
as soon as the land can be worked.
To determine when tho soil is suf
ficiently dry for cultivation, apply tho
sumo test of squeezing together In tho
hand as lu utilized In determining when
to plow. Handy soils can bo worked
much sooner than elay soll.s ufter a
rain. Too much importance cannot
be placed upon tho matter of thorough,
cultivation of the garden, and if tho
work Is promptly and properly done
there will bo llttlo (llllleulty iu cou
riTQ IVriniiln-i.llv I'iiii-iI Nollta oi'ln.rvon.niMH uflr
rl I O Ural '1'i.v'" ii"'- of fir Kllnr'a Omul Mi.rvi. Ilo.
Mortir. Ht-iiil for KIOK fim trial oottlii anil Iroallae
Dr. U. 11. kUdk, hUi., Kit An Ii bl,, I'lilladt'lobio,
The Great San Francisco Disaster
SHOWN IN NATURAL COLOR8
From Actual Photographs Taken on tht Spot
During the Conflagration
Greatest Opportunity You Will tver Have to Srture Set of
25 Colored Stereom-ope VIowm.
TO the thousands who have taken advantage of our prfivlmis offer
and have secured one oi our stereoscope premiums, as well as to
.mi. i wiwimaim iiu aitvu sLerciiscoiius rcceivuU trom other sources
make tin- Jolt 'owing Special OJfer :
We have made arrangements with one of thulnmcstmil,licn.r.
stereoscope views in the country to furnish a set of twenty-iivo maimifi.
cently colored ' "
Photographic Views of the San Francisco Disaster
which, when viewed through tho stereoscope, bring evcrv feature out in
the most startling and realistic detail, presenting most vividlv tha
Beetles of destruction in tho city stricken by cai th.iuake and lire Nn
ciiin rnmo, L-ril .1. .... . , . ....... ... l:i- I ..it i . 1 . ir
1..vn.,i..-,, I, u u, ,,,v iUM, jlM mn living, can bo securei!
in any other way. and wo are the first t.i be able to oiler these views In
uie general puunc.
Offer these '
instructive and entertaining monthly tnagazine-
The Handsomest and Best 50 Cent Mayazlne In Amerloa.
To all who have obtained u stereoscopo on our former offer, and to all
Who have a stereoscope ,,f any make, wo will send a set of twenty-five
fngTerms? " rttnclsco ditcr' on the follow
Ibsolui'lv fri'r fi T HwuriiiL' Im tiil,i,.ri..ii..... ........ .
each, or one mum rilm ut aS ct-niH un," iei.i. I u.i.llti .,, T'""""' " nU
To those who have no stereoscope we will furnisii a good stereoscona
terms twenty"vu San uiiciKcr, views, postage pa.d.on thJ . follow
limit nt fXIc.nta
teiiiH unj vi
TllB HtUI-bOSL'lltlO llllll Uli.UrU ....... i.- .
the HUhnrriber. ' hcd o.dUn. u on,' o "! ""thwll.M
enU nullify uny Kale wuy, lint dmi't m ini I i.i, -lJ., . i i . ' !!r ,""l vlewi.
U,.url,u.lty btnt rc u,'t. AUU,Jn. loUUl U""k- taa f
"OPPORTUNITT," 279 Dearborn Street, Chicago