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About Lake County examiner. (Lakeview, Lake County, Or.) 1880-1915 | View Entire Issue (May 10, 1906)
- i i- mm-.
fok KING CORN. 4
How the Farmer Can Double HU oiit
How the Farmer Can Double
Great American Crop.
Corn Planting time! The United
States this year will have over 90.000-
000 acres planted to this Ring oi crops.
For this enormous acreage 15.000,000
bushels of seed will be required.
Probably but little thought is given
bv the average farmer to the germia
atlng quality of the seed used, for he
has so long been accustomed to get
ting a "stand", under ordinarily favor
able conditions, varying from 60 to 85
ner cent, that many have come to
think a more complete 6tand Impos
sible. Yet experiments have shown
that barring unfavorable weather at
planting time, the work of grubs, wire
worms, and the like, there is no rea
son why a stand of corn should be less
than 95 per cent Of recent years, how
ever, conditions have much Improved,
and never before has there been such
a demand for seed corn of high vital
ity. Some of our best farmers are be
ginning to realize that one of the great"
est factors in profitable corn produc
tion is the use of seed which will show
a high per centage of germination.
If each corn grower would give a lit
tle time during the early spring to the
testing of the seed, the vitality of each
individual ear of corn intended for
planting could be readily determined.
The poor ears could then be discarded,
and the millions of bushels of seed
corn which fail to grow each spring
could be very profitably converted In
to pork and beef. Of the 15,000.000
bushels of seed corn which will be
planted this year. It is almost certain
that from two to three million bushels,
or nearly 20 per cent, of the corn first
planted, will fail to grow as a result
of the low vitality of the seed. Thou
sands of acres will have to be replant
ed either In their entirety or In part.
and many thousands more will grow
tr maturity with an Imperfect stand.
It seems Incredible of realization,
that the average yield of corn in the
United States in 1905, when the total
production was the largest in cur his
tory, was only 28.8 bushels of shelled
corn per acre. It is still more sur
prising to know that the average pro
duction per acre is practically the
same to-day as it was forty years ago.
In fact, the average yield per acre for
the ten years from 1&86 to 1875 was
26.07 bushels as compared with 25.2
bushels for the ten years from 1S96 to
1905. While there are several rea-
I : ll V;
- e " . 1
TK' 'ACg T.Trr--'- - rr. :;i "
Whirry - juuz
A SIMPLE GERMINATING BOX.
Fona for this, the principal reason Is
probably carelessness In the use of
beed of low vitality.
To Test Each Corn Ear.
The statement is made by officials of
the Department of Agriculture that
Vhile corn breeders have achieved
marked success in the production of
Improved types of corn during the last
flf-cae, unless the farmers take better
care of their seed corn and test each
ear separately, preparatory to planting,
the chances are that the average yield
of corn per acre in the United States
will not be materially increased.
In our principal corn-growing States,
corn is planted In hills 3'i feet apart
each way, giving 3,.o5f; hills per acre,
in most sections three stalks to tfje
hill is considered a perfect stand; in
some States, two is the- standard. Yet
if each hill would produce but one
medium sized ear, 6 or 7 Inches in
length and weighing a trifle more than
9 ounces, the yield for each acre would
be 28. H bushels, the average yield per
acre in the United States in 1505.
A single ear of corn to the hill the
size shown as A in the illustration
would give an average of 28.8 bushels
to tho acre; a single ear shown as B
would give 30 bushels per acre; an
ear such as C would produce 40
bushels per acre; an ear such
as D would yield 45 bushels per acre;
while an ear like E, which weighs a
trifle less than a pound, would yield 50
bushels of shelled corn per acre, count
ing only one such ear for each of the
3,556 hills. There are, however, very
few farmers who raise as much as 50
bushels of shelled corn per acre. Yet
f-very corn grower can probably pro
duce many ears which are larger than
that shown as E in the cut. Eliminat
ing, however, both ears D and E and
granting that every farmer could har
vest from each hill two such ears as
the one shown as C, an ear which Is
less than inches long, and weighs
12.6 ounces, the yield would be 80
bushels of shelled corn per acre. Are
there any corn growers who can not
produce the equivalent of at least two
such ears to every hill? How many
grow 80 bushels of shelled corn per
The time required to test Individual
ears for vitality is very small when it
is considered that 12 or 15 ears will
furnish enough seed to plant one acre.
Experiments have shown that If a few
kernels (preferably six) ar taken
from different parts of an ear of corn
and all are found to germinate well
that Is. to produce good healthy sprouts
practically all of the kernels on that
ear will likewise show strong vitality.
On the other hand, if the part of nil of
WHAT MAKES THE
the kernels tested fail to germinate or
show only weak sprouts, the propor
tion will be the same for all of the ker
nels on such ears. And the experienced
corn grower will be not a little sur
prised to find many a fine looking ear
of corn among his selected seed, the
kernels of which will not sprout at all.
Better Now Than Not at All.
Germination tests should be made
five or six weeks before planting time,
but even if it is necessary to stop the
plow in the field, it is far more profi
table to have a good stand of corn on
19 acres than it is to have a poor stand
on 20 acres, thereby saving the time
and labor necessary to prepare the
ground and to plant and cultivate the
additional acre. Yet many farmers are
every year planting and cultivating 3
or 4 acres in every 20, for which they
receive comparatively no returns .
In making the test3 it is essential
that each ear tested should be given a
number and all kernels taken there
from given a corresponding number
so that after the tests the faulty ears
may be thrown out.
Many kinds of germinating boxes
and methods for testing seed corn have
been described in various publications,
but the Department cf Agriculture has
designed a simple box which Is be
lieved to combine most of the advan-j
tages, and give good results in the
hands of almost any operator. The box
would be about lVj or 2 inches deep
inside and the length and width such
ps to suit the needs of t.e Individual
farmer, but It should not be made water-tight.
Instead of filling the box with
sind, soil, or sawdust, as Is commonly
recommended, the seed bed is made
of heavy canton flannel or similar ma-
terial, using two or three thicknesses
of cloth in the bottom of the box and
one or two thicknesses of cloch for
covering the kernels after the frame
has been filled. The cloth at the bot
tom should be marked off into squares
2 inches each way, and numbered, each
one of which is to be filled with ker
nels from ears which are given a num
ber corresponding to the square used.
A Very Simple Test.
For use, first wet the cloth thorough
ly by soaking in water, and then place
the half cloth, double thickness, which
has been marked in squares, In the bot-
From M Farming."
A BUNC H OF FINE SEED.
torn of the germinating box. The ker
nels from ear No. 1 are then placed,
germ side up, In square No. 1 and so
on. When all of the squares have been
filled, fold the other end of the cloth
carefully over the kernels. If during
the sampling the cloths have become
dry, sprinkle them well with water
- i. . "-. fe. . If 6, .tf .. J. -
. T.V5-"j .. . . i , A 1 , ' ....... . t- - i
cover the box with a piece of class, or
other tight material, to prevent the
evaporation of the water from the
cloths, and set tho box aside for a
few days to await the results of tho
test Where only a limited number of
cars are to bo tested, a similar germ
inating apparatus may bo made by
using cloth between two dinner plates.
Ten inch plates will give ample space
for the testing of IS or 20 ears at one
timo. It Is Important that the cars
be numbered or arranged In the same
definite order as tho corresponding
tests in tho germinating box. One of
tho most satisfactory methods Is the
use of a rack as Is generally used for
drying seed corn. This Is generally
a pleco of 2 hy 2 inch ploco of pine
from which extend on all four sides
long nails, each of which la numbered.
After the kernels from tho first car
have been placed In square No. t
of tho germinating box, the ear Is
shoved on nail No. 1 of tho drying rack,
and so on. Those racks can then be
CORN AVERAl.E LOW.
suspended In some sultablo place and
there need bo no fear of tho ears be
ing mixed while the germination test
is in progress.
The kernels In the testing box
should begin to germinate freely a
bout the third or fourth day, but the
counting should not be done until the
sixth or seventh day. or until most of
the shoots or stems are from 1 to l'i
inches long. This part of the tistitu;
must be done with considerable care,
and requires good judgment, as ker
nels will be found in all stages of de
velopment. If the six kernels In any
one square in the germinating box
show six good healthy sprouts, the ear
CAN NOT YOU GROW TWO EARS
which they represent should be taken
for seed. There will also be cases in
which all six kernels have germinated,
but will be lacking in vigor. While
these kernels migiit produce a good
ear of corn, the chances are that they
will never develop, or else will produce
but a barren stalk. It is only necessary
to remember that all ears showing
dead kernels or weak and poorly devel
oped sprouts must be discarded and
only those used for seed in which
every kernel tested has given a good
healthy sprout. The ears which have
shown a perfect germination are now
ready to be butted and tipped and
shelled for planting. In order to In
sure further uniformity in planting It
is advisable to sort the ears before
planting into two or three grades, ac
cording to the size of the kernels.
This grading may also be done by
screening, if more convenient.
Remarkable Results of Government
The Department of Agriculture re
cently made tests of seed corn fur
nished by farmers In the corn produc
ing States, and of the 3,322 ears tested,
1,906, or the startling percentage of
more than one-half, were unfit for seed.
These samples were taken from ears
picked for seed by good, careful far
mers, and are evidently much above
the average. The average germination
of the 1,900 poor ears was only 77.7
POOR, SMUTTY SEED.
per cent., while the average germina
tion of both the good tnd the poor
ears, the seeds of which would ordin
arily have been used for planting, had
not these tests been made, was 86 3
per cent., showing that 13.7 per cent,
was gained by discarding ears of low
vitality (Irani Ing, however, that the
r ' hi
samples tested aro representative of
the present supply of seed corn, tho
testing of every ear and tho subsequent
rejection of poor ears will Increase tho
stan J 13.7 per cent. This Increusod
stand would mean an increased yield
or :".S.140.;!r bushels, with a value of
1100,739,912.91 calculated on the basis
COMMON PINNF.R TI.ATE FOR RF.F.D
of tho average yield and price for tho
last ten years.
A full description of bow to make
tests Is found In Farmers Itulletln No.
253. by J. W. T. Duvel, which can bo
had from Members of Congress or tho
Secretary of Agriculture.
wojma-'s Ain ici: to farm-
Miss 1-Mlth Urtney, au Iowa hospital
specialist, states that many of the In
mates of eastern Insane asylums are
sons and daughters of Uu farmer
pioneers. They have Ikhh brought up
to lives of Idleness and luxury or suf
fered from monotony of country sur
roundings. In either case the direct
cause for mental derangement Is the
lack of diversified work for body and
mind. The pioneers of the country
had no time for brooding over Imagin
ary troubles and were lmpp.v. Hut
they neglected to map out the prnjM-r
courses for their children aud In
treating them with kludness bnvo
paved the way to Insanity.
The cities present numerous enses
of physical and mental wrecks of
young persons brought on by dissipa
tion and strenuoslty lit the battlo for
commercial supremacy. Farmers
warn their sons and daughters of the
damrers that lie In their paths when
leaving the farms, but often forget to
correct the evils nt home. They glvo
their children nil the benefits of
schools and colleges nod leave out the
essential fundamental principles of
lif. Too ninny are left to remain In
Idleness because they are taught lu
LIKE ME" TO EACH CORN il ILL?
schools and at home that manual
labor Is not honorable. There is no
renson why farm life should become
monotonous to any one residing with
in tho boundaries of ordinary civiliza
tion. The rural mail carries the dully
puHTS and magazines to the farm
door yard; telephones place the farmer
in direct communication with the out
side world; railroads open the channels
of trade to every commercial port;
yet there is a life of monotony on
many farms. The places are not Im
proved, tho owners follow the fashions
of their forefathers, they do not
adopt new methods In any lino uml
their children U'come discouraged.
OWEN DAYS OF WHALING.
The days of the old-time whaling
fleets when more than two hundred
full-rigged ships sailed out of New
Bedford harbor on three and four
year voyages to tho most distant and
dangerous seas, were over more than
half a century ago. The right of
Greenland whale of tho Arctic waters
with his mouth full of whalebone and
his cousin, the sperm whale of tropi
cal waters, bearing In its head the
precious spermaceti, were practically
exterminated by those all-daring, Iron
nerved, keob-eyed Yankee skippers.
Their splendid ships, the Annie B.,
the Mary Jane, the Blue-Eyed Susan
great lovers of their wives and sweet
hearts, were this race of gentlemen ad
venturers rotted at the wharves or
were degraded to service as coastwise
and with them vanished a world of
romance and adventure. No men, In
no time, more truly than they, "went
down to the sea In ships".
But when the pennant of the laat
old-time whaling ship was hauled down
forever, there still proudly swam
the oceans the vast rorqual or racer
whale, greatest of all his mighty kin.
To the sailing fleet of the old days, the
rorqual was an almost Impossible prize
because of lta tremendous speed. It
was practically unmolested, and mul
tiplied exceedingly In both North At
lantic and Pacific waters.
It was the abundance of this levi
athan, measuring ninety feet In length
and weighing almost as many tons
bulking larger than a whole herd of el
ephants which was the Inspiration of
the modern whaling Industry.
At least one Amerlcnn tin suc
ceeded In Iondon Journalism. Ralph
D. Blumenfeld, late of Milwaukee, Is
the editor of the Ixmdon Express.
Artificial pumice stone Is now made
from a mixture of sand and clay.
About on billion feet of timber in
'he Black Hill forest reserve has been
killed by the Black Hills beetle.
JOURNALISM IN CIIINA.
Dialect Newspapers Increase' Oulf
United States Consul Anderson, at
Anioy, has luado a report on Journal
Ism among the Chinese. Ho ravs:
"It la rather surprising, lu view of
uie comparatively small population
of foreigners lu China, how many
largo publications there are In foreign
languages. The prices they obtain for
tnoir publications and their work
probably explain tho situation.
Shanghai has five dally newspapers,
three morning and two evening pa
pers; one Is French. It has six for
eign weeklies, ono Herman. It also
has four Chinese dallies and a largo
number of Chinese weeklies.
"l'ractlcally all of tho foreign pa
pers sell for 4 1 j cents gold per copy.
Tho subscription prh-o Is about $15
gold per annum, postage extra. Tho
Chinese dallies sell for about cent
gold per copy, lu addition to theso
publications thero aro many religious
papers, mostly In Chinese, published
by the mission authorities.
"In the south Hong Kong domi
nates tho publication business, and
as It Is a British colony, KimlUli publi
cations might reasonably bo expected
to lead, but on tho face of the record
tho Chines predominate. Thorn are
four English dallies, the l'ost, tho
l'ress, both morning papers, and tho
Telegraph and tho Mali, both evening
"Thero aro six Chinese dallies, and,
as in the eve of Shanghai, theie are
a largo number of publications de
signed to till various wants In South
China, a rortugtiettu weekly and the
Ciovernment Uovtto being among
them. In nearly every port of 1m
portanco In China there Is au English
publication of Bomo Hurt.
"The publication houses, as a rulo,
both newspaper concerns and con
cerns for general printing only, are
fairly well equipped for their work.
Some of them attempt work In the
lino of high grade magazine aud hook
publishing, aud while It is not always
an unmixed success from a technical
typographical standpoint, it demon
strates that tho Chinese workmen
who do most of tho work under for
eign supervision, will in time ac
quire consMerablo merit In this lino
"It Is rather Interesting to note
that China at present seems to be
passing through much the same pro
cess with Its newspapers and other
publications that many parts of tho
United States have passed through.
All over the emulre native newspap
ers are being started In tho collo
quial dialects, nnd aro more or less
local In character.
"It Is unfortunate In many re
spects that tho publication of news
papers In tho several local dialects
has developed no generally. While
such publications will afford mentis
of educating tho people of the em
pire In soino lines, they also furnish
tho means for deepening tho gulfs,
dividing tho several provinces which
differ In dialects. Eadi newspnper
center, If It performs Its natural mis
sion, will develope Its own laiiKiiaKO
In Its own field to tho exclusion of
langusKO which nibtht In tlruo bo-
come common to all China."
BICYCLF.S ON TUJ! WANK.
Over Three Times a flany Fac
tories In 1 900 as at Present.
Statistics furnished by the Census
Bureau at Washington kIiow a marked
decrease In the manufacture of td
cycles. Since 1!00 the business has fal
len off i;r ir cent., tho numler of
ostahllshments being reduced from 312
Kornierly there were 2.034 salaried
officials and employees of tho facto
ries where now there are only 3G0. The
falling off In tho number of ware enrn
ers wos 81 per cent. The capital In
vested In 1900 was $2n.7S3.C59, where
as In 1905 It was $3,K47 K03.
Tho production In 1900 amounted to
nearly 32,000.000 bicycles and was re
duced In tho flvo years to little over
In contrast with these figures, the
motor cycle factories Increased from
159 to 2.289.
New Zealand exports nnnnnlly ft!5,
000.000 worth of knurl gum. It Is
used In the manufacture of varnish.
Millions Die Every Year
Nature's Laws of Health
Ask yoirrprlf the question i "Is I.lfo Worth Llvlngr"
And the anawtr will bo : " It depends on your hoslth."
Then why not have good health ? If ynu lire sick It Is
because some simple, nutural law of health has been violated.
Nature in a Htcrn tuul Incxorublo Judge, nnd
Grants No Pardons 'When Her laws are Broken
Hotter Learn Tliuso Laws.
You can't learn them too soon.
You can't leurn them all at onco.
ik'tfin right now, and
Learn a little every month.
Sfnil a oime i llvo iwo-rent ftamni to
jrara aunarripnnn hit maxwi-ira jiomi-muKi-r Alauaz nr- nnrt read th Dnurtmant 'n Uh
In the Home ll. alth from NHiurn, l.y lliul.t ThouKl,t ! UK"i Llvlnij. " uelrtmn "ralth
iMr'i nl,rrtnli..n 1,yr M.u.-..ll'. I nm.imiL..
ii 1.1 1 i ,r " V11'
Ilea III IUi.! .hvi, lHH tora' lull, ami ,ri, llilB,
tr.io.1 IikuIIIi afi.T voi, mlmrwiw. wonl.l l,av
Whi-lher you am huri. i or cninuUMl .I,mii i
i ji"i I'luiHui U'HlT-UUarll 11 KICK 1)1(1 Hi I in Di'htli
Hrythi .ami all. lino tho ainn-t If li call. uli.ul of turn.. tJH your " poli.U-n on trill" nit
from HazwL-U'1 IIiiiiiciiiiiUit Mauazlna. r
NOTK.-If you do
not wlnn to cut I ho coupon out of your j.auur, jou can turuU In your
uliatriptlon on a acpuruU. piuce of pupar;
ONE YEAR FOR 10 CENTS
Subscription Prloa lo Chicago and Forln Addraasoa. 23o. Pr Year
HU flit thla mhacripilon l.liink, wrlu. iunn nnrl n.lilp.. on I in... .nw, ami ,l ,,a
10omui(allvr oriaiiip)aiil w II n,HI vu Muxwvll'H Uunn inaker MatuxltwVvair
uuilitll lor twelve uiontLa, lion'l dcliiy, Imi m ini 1,1 on,.,.. ihoii vvutj
Name , .
Box or Street No. .
Edi'IohimI Hud for .
Too can iiiharrlhe for ono. two, throe or five yuan at 10 oenti for each ynr nttar
lend Wl cema and have Ave ywira irooil rfailliiff N.niln to you. Tlila la ih. IIhh'P Ui7,,
ZlUa, for the money, ever puliliahi'd, Addrexa In full ' 1 HBr MAA-
Subaorlpllon Dept. MAXWELL'S HOMEMAKER MAGAZINE,
I40S Flkher Ilulldlnif. CHICAGO 111
If yon wl-h tn liava TIIR flOV KMAKKIt MAI.AZ1NH .,,t to fr ;.'.
piece of jmier for iminc and aihlrBH, anil i im Inui. lu i,i ih for cuch y. urly aulaiirlptloii.
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tiiill. OOirl. Writ. Menu Wsrin'f I
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YOUR EXACT SIZE
SI! HIT. hunrtinm wrf
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thro bullnn front, rt.xil'l
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dad lnta In
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m'l l.i, t lull. f'Tf.mr I.IH frnc.t, ill frtw.
Mti ti II li "U rniuru uur uiauar wiiui. iv.aia
UI.UIMC MKO. CO., rf IM trm
14 Mill HI., ( inirnrn jnnninn, mmmm.
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woiMcfc. .i.uraaus v, uryvi uar.v,uuaac
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Iriuiut. cimni-i". almond, i lnv.
. Innnmen, i!"'-',-r ""'1 nuimrg
Itiif.in, lndomrl hy U. H. cntu
nnsim at I'urln KiMtiin.
Your lU'inr bKk if ynu want It.
nimi.I !' f'Wlav I"
llutlcrlo.t? Uaterjllac A. r. I It J
5 Ytar SOLID GOLD Fllltd Witch 15
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PoiUIts sad rtnnsntnt
Abtolutf ly Part.
tum.it nionrv Icluntlrtl,
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of plli. AiiltKT. !
kjl. l.itirral Irrma.
V I Ml III
MUtril Hllfl Rimtdjf Co 4 It 41k Art., fill,. Pa,
Dashboard Line Holder
ijuirkly a!iitM to al!
lop of any ilaahtart, K'
llni-4 flout umlrr hnrae'a frrt
whili- AtitmltiiK. I.inra art-nrr,
llmtiilitly Hhilr atrppliiK finttt
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nflr! tinea. H4vr troiililr.
tlmr ami irmprr. Vou nrl
tntr iiiilrna ynu ilrlv an auto
luotiilr. o --tta KMtill.
XANOY HUPI1.Y c:.
ia wtauiaoTuii, d. a.
.CnagaYft.!!! Lctcf WarM
Own buy. Lot of Mon.yi
tan Intftiii Inui Coiwtoftal
Can lnrrn Yoiif Prof II ll
if y"l ar lncrtM In htum Ihlnr
wau ilk vo Mud juu uur Claw buwk about
m Morcthanft million nd 4 qtirtr of ltm
qtirtr of ltm r
In ttM BtiJ sjoversil ImnilriMl (ti'iussml fs.rnir mmf
that Uimy mrm U. tt itivftmunt UirJ mvmt ovl.
Thsty'llMTs) yon m -rm moni'r, mora urk, slvi
t)rarTli4util frr-nlrrMiiifsrilon than mnf oilier
mala. rhfl m 1 ! Ty'r 94
li vmry tmt ihjr am tit twnU Mpokwa uolu4 lo
t)i buK If thejp work 1'ir.M, your ttuttimj hark,
lion't hny vhiMiia nur RKoa on til yo rsd our
buuk. It maraavaynu many rinir and If tr.
ELEOTRIO WHEEL OO,
Box 203 Qulnoy, HI.
from Mere Ignorance of
14IW Klahi-r RniMi., -'M,.
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"'"-""'I li'ru ll about NaturVa law. of
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ln-ii .1. , .ml burl.ul- ifr mayhn Z,
... ,.!, mailer. Ii'a tlio lvl,,K pari "hat
aulwrrlutloik Hlato wIikiIut
a nw or old